Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 250
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21777, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741057

RESUMO

Particleboard surface defect detection technology is of great significance to the automation of particleboard detection, but the current detection technology has disadvantages such as low accuracy and poor real-time performance. Therefore, this paper proposes an improved lightweight detection method of You Only Live Once v5 (YOLOv5), namely PB-YOLOv5 (Particle Board-YOLOv5). Firstly, the gamma-ray transform method and the image difference method are combined to deal with the uneven illumination of the acquired images, so that the uneven illumination is well corrected. Secondly, Ghost Bottleneck lightweight deep convolution module is added to Backbone module and Neck module of YOLOv5 detection algorithm to reduce model volume. Thirdly, the SELayer module of attention mechanism is added into Backbone module. Finally, replace Conv in Neck module with depthwise convolution (DWConv) to compress network parameters. The experimental results show that the PB-YOLOv5 model proposed in this paper can accurately identify five types of defects on the particleboard surface: Bigshavings, SandLeakage, GlueSpot, Soft and OliPollution, and meet the real-time requirements. Specifically, recall, F1 score, mAP@.5, mAP@.5:.95 values of pB-Yolov5s model were 91.22%, 94.5%, 92.1%, 92.8% and 67.8%, respectively. The results of Soft defects were 92.8%, 97.9%, 95.3%, 99.0% and 81.7%, respectively. The detection of single image time of the model is only 0.031 s, and the weight size of the model is only 5.4 MB. Compared with the original YOLOv5s, YOLOv4, YOLOv3 and Faster RCNN, the PB-Yolov5s model has the fastest Detection of single image time. The Detection of single image time was accelerated by 34.0%, 55.1%, 64.4% and 87.9%, and the weight size of the model is compressed by 62.5%, 97.7%, 97.8% and 98.9%, respectively. The mAP value increased by 2.3%, 4.69%, 7.98% and 13.05%, respectively. The results show that the PB-YOLOV5 model proposed in this paper can realize the rapid and accurate detection of particleboard surface defects, and fully meet the requirements of lightweight embedded model.

2.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792721

RESUMO

PURPOSE: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients with monoclonal light-chain deposition may be at potential risk of hematological progression. However, whether the clinical characteristics of the patients with predominant lambda or kappa light-chain deposition were consistent with monoclonal light-chain deposition is limited to anecdotes. METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients in whom immunofluorescence showed IgA-alone deposits (n = 617) between January 2016 and January 2020. We divided the patients into two groups, the predominant lambda or kappa light-chain deposition group and the control group. Predominant lambda or kappa light-chain deposition was defined as the deposition intensity of kappa or lambda being + - and the other deposition intensity being ≥ 2 + . RESULTS: Nineteen patients had predominant lambda or kappa light-chain deposition. The patients had a median age of 32 years. The median proteinuria was 0.9 g/day. The median eGFR was 79.8 ml/min per 1.73 m2. Two patients had a mildly abnormal FLC ratio, but serum immunofixation electrophoresis showed polyclonal immunoglobulin. Eighteen patients showed lambda light chain-dominated deposition. In electron microscopy, organized structures in dense deposits were not observed in all patients. Nine patients with proteinuria ≥ 1.0 g/day received corticosteroids and immunosuppressants. The median follow-up time was 21 months. The rate of proteinuria remission was 50%. The clinical and pathological characteristics and outcomes were not significantly different between the predominant lambda or kappa light-chain deposition group and the control group. CONCLUSION: The result for IgAN patients with predominant kappa/lambda light-chain deposition seemed to be the same as that of IgAN patients with light-chain codeposition. However, as this was a single-center study with a small size, further multicenter studies and long-term follow-up are needed to confirm our findings.

3.
Clin Exp Nephrol ; 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34724588

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether immunosuppressive therapy in IgA nephropathy (IgAN) patients with less than 25% crescents (C1) and mild proteinuria can improve the renal outcome is still unclear. METHODS: We recruited 140 IgAN patients with C1 and proteinuria < 1 g/24 h who received supportive care (n = 52) or steroid-based immunosuppressive therapy (n = 88) in Xijing Hospital from July 2008 to December 2016. The primary outcome was the rate of renal function decline. RESULTS: The median of proteinuria was 575.5 mg/24 h, the fraction of crescents was 7% (5%, 12%) and follow-up time was 69.1 months. The rate of renal function decline [0.5 (- 1.5, 3.2) vs - 0.7 (- 3.5, 0.5) ml/min per 1.73 m2 per year; P = 0.01] was slower in steroid-based immunosuppressive therapy group than supportive care group. Multivariate linear regression analyses showed steroid-based immunosuppressive therapy significantly slowed down the rate of renal function decline (ß = - 0.220, 95% CI - 3.804 to - 0.449, P = 0.013) after adjusting age, sex, MAP, proteinuria, eGFR, M1, E1, S1, T1-2, the fraction of crescents and RASB. In the matched cohort, the rate of renal function decline was also slower in steroid-based immunosuppressive therapy group. The incidence of adverse events was similar between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Steroid-based immunosuppressive therapy may slow down the rate of renal function decline of IgAN patients with C1 and proteinuria ≤ 1 g/24 h.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt C): 127553, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736195

RESUMO

Antibiotics, antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) are ubiquitous in the reclaimed water, posing a potential threat to human and ecological health. Nowadays, the reuse technology of reclaimed water has been widely concerned, but the removal of antibiotics, ARB and ARGs in reclaimed water has not been sufficiently studied. This study used TiO2 nanotube arrays (TNTs) decorated with Ag/SnO2-Sb nanoparticles (TNTs-Ag/SnO2-Sb) as the anode and Ti-Pd/SnO2-Sb as the cathode to construct an efficient photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) system. In this system, 99.9% of ARB was inactivated in 20 min, meanwhile, ARGs was removed within 30 min, and antibiotics were almost completely degraded within 1 h. Furthermore, the effects of system parameters on the removals of antibiotics, ARB and ARGs were also studied. The redox performance of the system was verified by adding persulfate. Escherichia coli, as a representative microorganism in aquatic environments, was used to evaluate the ecotoxicity of PEC treated chloramphenicol (CAP) solution. The ecotoxicity of CAP solution was significantly reduced after being treated by PEC. In addition, transformation intermediates of CAP were identified using liquid chromatography-tandems mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) and the possible degradation pathways were proposed. This study could provide a potential alternative method for controlling antibiotic resistance and protecting the quality of reclaimed water.

5.
Virology ; 564: 39-45, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653773

RESUMO

Enterovirus 71 can cause severe hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in children. However, little is known about the mechanism of inflammatory disorders caused by EV71 infection and why severe cases are mainly children aged under-three. In current study, using mRNA microarray assay, the differential expression of Placenta-specific 8 (PLAC8) was identified in mice brain. In addition, we found that PLAC8 expression was down-regulated with age in mice lung tissues and human peripheral blood. Then, we further proved that PLAC8 could promote inflammation progress and disturb Th1/Th2/Th17/Treg related cytokines release after EV71 infection using PLAC8 plasmid over-expressed neonatal mouse model. Our data suggest that PLAC8 might play a crucial role in Th cell differentiation and inflammatory damage caused by EV71 infection in infants. Thus, our findings would help understand the causes of severe inflammatory injury in infants during EV71 infection, and provide new insights into the prevention and control of severe HFMD.

6.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(9): 3327-3334, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34658219

RESUMO

In this study, we examined the toxic effect of sublethal doses of acetochlor (1, 2, 4, 8 mg·kg-1) on earthworms by exogenous addition. The growth inhibition rate, cytochrome P450 isozymes (CYP1A2, 2C9 and 3A4) activities and the metabolomics were analyzed after seven days of exposure, to infer the toxicity threshold of acetochlor, screen the sensitive biomarkers from the levels of the individual, detoxified enzymes and small molecular metabolites, and elucidate the underlying toxicity mechanism. The results showed that CYP1A2, 2C9 and 3A4 activities were all significantly inhibited, and that the levels of ten metabolites (fructose-6-diphosphate, cytosine monophosphate, uridine monophosphate, adenosine monophosphate, adenosine, xanthine, fumaric acid, dihydroxyglutaric acid, ornithine and 16-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid) were significantly decreased by acetochlor exposure. The levels of six metabolites (adenosine succinic acid, succinic acid, arginine, tryptophan, asparagine and phenylalanine) were significantly increased when earthworms being exposed to 2-8 mg·kg-1 acetochlor. Acetochlor exposure caused oxidative damage to earthworms, weakened the glycolysis, disturbed the tricarboxylic acid cycle, disordered the purine and pyrimidine metabolism, and impaired the amino acids metabolism. Compared with the end point at individual level, the above 16 small molecule metabolites and CYP isozymes activities were more sensitive to acetochlor exposure. It was thus recommended that CYP isozymes (1A2, 2C9, and 3A4) activities and small molecular metabolites could be used as a set of biomarkers to diagnose the acetochlor pollution, given their high sensitivity and accuracy.


Assuntos
Oligoquetos , Poluentes do Solo , Animais , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Toluidinas/análise , Toluidinas/toxicidade
7.
ACS Photonics ; 8(8): 2320-2328, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476288

RESUMO

All-optical control of nonlinear photonic processes in nanomaterials is of significant interest from a fundamental viewpoint and with regard to applications ranging from ultrafast data processing to spectroscopy and quantum technology. However, these applications rely on a high degree of control over the nonlinear response, which still remains elusive. Here, we demonstrate giant and broadband all-optical ultrafast modulation of second-harmonic generation (SHG) in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides mediated by the modified excitonic oscillation strength produced upon optical pumping. We reveal a dominant role of dark excitons to enhance SHG by up to a factor of ∼386 at room temperature, 2 orders of magnitude larger than the current state-of-the-art all-optical modulation results. The amplitude and sign of the observed SHG modulation can be adjusted over a broad spectral range spanning a few electronvolts with ultrafast response down to the sub-picosecond scale via different carrier dynamics. Our results not only introduce an efficient method to study intriguing exciton dynamics, but also reveal a new mechanism involving dark excitons to regulate all-optical nonlinear photonics.

8.
Nanoscale ; 13(29): 12720-12726, 2021 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477622

RESUMO

Nanoscale Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (nano-FTIR) based on scanning probe microscopy enables the identification of the chemical composition and structure of surface species with a high spatial resolution (∼10 nm), which is crucial for exploring catalytic reaction processes, cellular processes, virus detection, etc. However, the characterization of a single molecule with nano-FTIR is still challenging due to the weak coupling between the molecule and infrared light due to a large size mismatch. Here, we propose a novel structure (monolayer α-MoO3/air nanogap/Au) to excite anisotropic acoustic phonon polaritons (APhPs) with ultra-high field confinement (mode volume, VAPhPs∼ 10-11V0) and electromagnetic energy enhancement (>107), which largely enhance the interaction of single molecules with infrared light. In addition, the anisotropic APhP-assisted nano-FTIR can detect single molecular dipoles in directions both along and perpendicular to the probe axis, while pristine nano-FTIR mainly detects molecular dipoles along the probe axis. The proposed structure provides a way to detect a single molecule, which will impact the fields of biology, chemistry, energy, and environment through fundamental research and applications.

9.
Environ Technol ; : 1-29, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34498542

RESUMO

Jiaxing is a medium-sized city in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD), which showed complex local and surrounding pollution sources. To study the COVID-19 impact on the ambient PM2.5 in Jiaxing, we collected the PM2.5 samples from January 2 to April 25, 2020 and analyzed their chemical compositions (including carbon components, water-soluble ions (WSIs), and inorganic elements). The concentration of PM2.5 was 83.13 ± 30.93 µg/m3 before COVID-19 pandemic, and then remarkably decreased with COVID-19 outbreak due to the suspension of mobility and industrial activities. Meanwhile, the concentrations of main chemical species (carbon components, water-soluble ions and inorganic elements) of PM2.5 all decreased from period A (January 2 to 20, 2020) to period B (January 23 to February 10, 2020). Moreover, Trajectory clustering analysis showed that close-range transport was one of the dominant factors throughout all the period, except for period D (April 1 to 25, 2020). In addition, PSCF model indicated that the COVID-19 outbreak resulted in a significant decrease of WPSCF value. This study highlighted the differences in chemical compositions and sources of PM2.5 since COVID-19 pandemic were reported and provide a better understanding of the impact of COVID-19 outbreak on PM2.5.

10.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 11(9): 2819-2834, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34589399

RESUMO

Resistance to breast cancer (BCa) chemotherapy severely hampers the patient's prognosis. MicroRNAs provide a potential therapeutic prospect for BCa. In this study, the reversal function of microRNA34a (miR34a) on doxorubicin (Dox) resistance of BCa and the possible mechanism was investigated. We found that the relative level of miR34a was significantly decreased in Dox-resistant breast cancer cell MCF-7 (MCF-7/A) compared with Dox-sensitive MCF-7 cells. Transfection with miR34a significantly suppressed the invasion, migration, adhesion of MCF-7/A cells without inhibiting their growth obviously. The combination of miR34a and Dox could significantly inhibit the proliferation, migration, invasion and induce the apoptosis of MCF-7/A cells. The synergistic effect of this combination on resistant MCF-7/A cells has no obvious relation with the expressions of classical drug-resistant proteins P-GP, MRP and GST-π, while closely related with the down-regulation on TOP2A and BCRP. Moreover, we found both protein and mRNA expression of Snail were significantly up-regulated in MCF-7/A cells in comparison with MCF-7 cells. Transfection with small interfering RNA (siRNA) of Snail could inhibit the invasion, migration and adhesion of drug-resistant MCF-7/A cells, while high-expression of Snail could remarkably promote the invasion, migration and adhesion of MCF-7 cells, which might be related with regulation of N-cadherin and E-cadherin. Transfection with miR34a in MCF-7/A cells induced a decrease of Snail expression. The potential binding sites of miR34a with 3' UTR of Snail were predicted by miRDB target prediction software, which was confirmed by luciferase reporter gene method. Results showed that the relative activity of luciferase was reduced in MCF-7/A cells after co-transfection of miR34a and wild type (wt)-Snail, while did not change by co-transfection with miR34a and 3' UTR mutant type (mut) Snail. Combination of miR34a and Dox induced a stronger decrease of Snail in MCF-7/A cells in comparison to miR34a or Dox treatment alone. What' more, for the first time, we also found miR34a combined with Dox could obviously inhibit the expression of Snail through suppressing Notch/NF-κB and RAS/RAF/MEK/ERK pathway in MCF-7/A cells. In vivo study indicated that combination of miR34a and Dox significantly slowed down tumor growth in MCF-7/A nude mouse xenograft model compared with Dox alone, which was manifested by the down-regulation of Snail and pro-apoptosis effect in tumor xenografts. These results together underline the relevance of miR34a-driven regulation of Snail in drug resistance and co-administration of miR34a and Dox may produce an effective therapy outcome in the future in clinic.

11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5262, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489456

RESUMO

TFE3-translocation renal cell carcinoma (TFE3-tRCC) is a rare and heterogeneous subtype of kidney cancer with no standard treatment for advanced disease. We describe comprehensive molecular characteristics of 63 untreated primary TFE3-tRCCs based on whole-exome and RNA sequencing. TFE3-tRCC is highly heterogeneous, both clinicopathologically and genotypically. ASPSCR1-TFE3 fusion and several somatic copy number alterations, including the loss of 22q, are associated with aggressive features and poor outcomes. Apart from tumors with MED15-TFE3 fusion, most TFE3-tRCCs exhibit low PD-L1 expression and low T-cell infiltration. Unsupervised transcriptomic analysis reveals five molecular clusters with distinct angiogenesis, stroma, proliferation and KRAS down signatures, which show association with fusion patterns and prognosis. In line with the aggressive nature, the high angiogenesis/stroma/proliferation cluster exclusively consists of tumors with ASPSCR1-TFE3 fusion. Here, we describe the genomic and transcriptomic features of TFE3-tRCC and provide insights into precision medicine for this disease.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fusão Gênica , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prognóstico , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma , Adulto Jovem
12.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462562

RESUMO

Large amounts of tumor-associated macrophages (TAM), which are predominately localized in hypoxia area of the tumor tissue, are associated with the malignant progression of the tumor. In the present study, we investigated the inhibitory effects of modified citrus pectin (MCP), a natural dietary polysaccharide, on the survival and polarization of TAM in relation to its inhibition on the growth and migration of breast cancer. M2 macrophages polarized from human monocyte THP-1 were chosen as a model for TAM. We showed that MCP (0.06%-1%) concentration-dependently suppressed the survival of TAM through inhibiting glucose uptake with a greater extent in hypoxia than in normoxia. Furthermore, MCP treatment decreased ROS level in TAM through its reducibility and inhibiting galectin-3 expression, leading to inhibition of glucose transporter-1 expression and glucose uptake. In addition, MCP suppressed M2-like polarization via inhibiting STAT3 phosphorylation. Moreover, the tumor-promoting effect of TAM could be restrained by MCP treatment as shown in human breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells in vitro and in mouse breast cancer 4T1-luc orthotopic and metastasis models. In both tumor tissue and lung tissue of the mouse tumor models, the number of TAM was significantly decreased after MCP treatment. Taken together, MCP may be a promising agent for targeting TAM in tumor hypoxic microenvironment for breast cancer treatment.

13.
Ren Fail ; 43(1): 1180-1187, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34376108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is debated whether patients with IgAN with heavy proteinuria and decreased eGFR benefit from aggressive treatment consisting of corticosteroids alone or combined with immunosuppressive agents. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed between January 2008 and December 2016 on patients with IgAN who had urinary protein excretion > 1.0 g/d and an eGFR between 15 and 59 mL/min/1.73 m2. These patients were assigned to receive supportive care alone or supportive care plus immunosuppressive therapy. The primary outcome was defined as the first occurrence of a 50% decrease in eGFR or the development of ESKD. RESULTS: All 208 included patients were followed for a median of 43 months, and 92 (44%) patients experienced the primary outcome. Cumulative kidney survival was better in the immunosuppression group than in the supportive care group (p < .001). The median annual rate of eGFR decline in the immunosuppression group was -2.0 (-7.3 to 4.2), compared with -8.4 (-18.9 to -4.1) mL/min/1.73 m2 in the supportive care group (p < .001). In multivariate Cox regression analyses, immunosuppressive therapy was associated with a lower risk of progression to ESKD, independent of age, sex, eGFR, proteinuria, MAP, kidney histologic findings and the use of RASi agents (HR = 0.335; 95% CI 0.209-0.601). Among the adverse events, infection requiring hospitalization occurred at similar rates in both groups (p = .471). CONCLUSION: Immunosuppressive therapy attenuated the rate of eGFR decline and was associated with a favorable kidney outcome in IgAN patients with heavy proteinuria and decreased eGFR, and the side effects were tolerable.

14.
Theranostics ; 11(16): 7735-7754, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335961

RESUMO

Rationale: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a multifocal malignancy of bone marrow plasma cells, characterized by vicious cycles of remission and relapse that eventually culminate in death. The disease remains mostly incurable largely due to the complex interactions between the bone microenvironment (BME) and MM cells (MMC). In the "vicious cycle" of bone disease, abnormal activation of osteoclasts (OCs) by MMC causes severe osteolysis, promotes immune evasion, and stimulates the growth of MMC. Disrupting these cancer-stroma interactions would enhance treatment response. Methods: To disrupt this cycle, we orthogonally targeted nanomicelles (NM) loaded with non-therapeutic doses of a photosensitizer, titanocene (TC), to VLA-4 (α4ß1, CD49d/CD29) expressing MMC (MM1.S) and αvß3 (CD51/CD61) expressing OC. Concurrently, a non-lethal dose of a radiopharmaceutical, 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG) administered systemically interacted with TC (radionuclide stimulated therapy, RaST) to generate cytotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS). The in vitro and in vivo effects of RaST were characterized in MM1.S cell line, as well as in xenograft and isograft MM animal models. Results: Our data revealed that RaST induced non-enzymatic hydroperoxidation of cellular lipids culminating in mitochondrial dysfunction, DNA fragmentation, and caspase-dependent apoptosis of MMC using VLA-4 avid TC-NMs. RaST upregulated the expression of BAX, Bcl-2, and p53, highlighting the induction of apoptosis via the BAK-independent pathway. The enhancement of multicopper oxidase enzyme F5 expression, which inhibits lipid hydroperoxidation and Fenton reaction, was not sufficient to overcome RaST-induced increase in the accumulation of irreversible function-perturbing α,ß-aldehydes that exerted significant and long-lasting damage to both DNA and proteins. In vivo, either VLA-4-TC-NM or αvß3-TC-NMs RaST induced a significant therapeutic effect on immunocompromised but not immunocompetent MM-bearing mouse models. Combined treatment with both VLA-4-TC-NM and αvß3-TC-NMs synergistically inhibited osteolysis, reduced tumor burden, and prevented rapid relapse in both in vivo models of MM. Conclusions: By targeting MM and bone cells simultaneously, combination RaST suppressed MM disease progression through a multi-prong action on the vicious cycle of bone cancer. Instead of using the standard multidrug approach, our work reveals a unique photophysical treatment paradigm that uses nontoxic doses of a single light-sensitive drug directed orthogonally to cancer and bone cells, followed by radionuclide-stimulated generation of ROS to inhibit tumor progression and minimize osteolysis in both immunocompetent murine and immunocompromised human MM models.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Organometálicos/farmacologia , Osteoclastos/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ósseas , Osso e Ossos/metabolismo , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Fluordesoxiglucose F18/farmacologia , Humanos , Cadeias alfa de Integrinas/efeitos dos fármacos , Cadeias alfa de Integrinas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Mieloma Múltiplo/metabolismo , Compostos Organometálicos/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteólise/patologia , Radioisótopos/farmacologia , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/uso terapêutico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanomedicina Teranóstica/métodos , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 319, 2021 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34172026

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Supragingival plaque and saliva are commonly used for microbiome analysis. Many epidemiological studies have identified deciduous teeth caries as a risk factor for caries development in first permanent molar (FPM); nevertheless, to the best of our knowledge, there are no reports on the effects of deciduous teeth caries on the microbiome of healthy FPM. Additionally, it remains unclear whether saliva can be used instead of supragingival plaque for caries microbial studies. Therefore, we aimed to elucidate this issue, and to characterize and compare the oral microbiome of healthy FPMs in children with different caries statuses and that from children with and without caries in a similar microhabitat, by PacBio sequencing. Currently, few studies have investigated the oral microbiome of children using this technique. METHODS: Thirty children (aged 7-9 years) with mixed dentition were enrolled; 15 had dental caries, and 15 did not. Supragingival plaques of deciduous molars and maxillary FPMs, and non-stimulating saliva samples were collected. DNA was extracted and the v1-v9 regions of 16S rRNA were amplified. Subsequently, PacBio sequencing and bioinformatic analyses were performed for microbiome identification. RESULTS: The microbial alpha diversity of the saliva samples was lower than that of the supragingival plaque (p < 0.05); however, no differences were detected between deciduous teeth and FPMs (p > 0.05). In addition, the alpha and beta diversity of children with and without caries was also similar (p > 0.05). Nonmetric multidimensional scaling and Adonis analyses indicated that the microbial structure of salivary and supragingival plaque samples differ (p < 0.05). Further analysis of deciduous teeth plaque showed that Streptococcus mutans, Propionibacterium acidifaciens, and Veillonella dispar were more abundant in children with caries than in those without (p < 0.05); while in FPMs plaque, Selenomonas noxia was more abundant in healthy children (p < 0.05). No differences in microorganisms abundance were found in the saliva subgroups (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: We have determined that supragingival plaque was the best candidate for studying carious microbiome. Furthermore, S. mutans, V. dispar, and P. acidifaciens were highly associated with deciduous teeth caries. S. noxia may be associated with the abiding health of FPM; however, this requires additional studies.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Microbiota , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Dentição Mista , Humanos , Propionibacterium , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Saliva , Selenomonas , Veillonella
16.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 221: 112441, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34174738

RESUMO

The coexistence of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with cadmium (Cd) in soil may cause the combined biological effects, but few study reported about their joint toxic effects on earthworms. Therefore, this study investigated the effects of sub-lethal levels of MWCNTs (10, 50, 100 mg/kg) and Cd (2.0, 10 mg/kg) on earthworms Eisenia fetida for 14 days. The changes in multi-level biomarkers of growth inhibition rate, cytochrome P450 isoenzymes (CYP1A2, 2C9 and 3A4), and small molecular metabolites (metabolomics) were determined. The toxic interaction between MWCNTs and Cd was characterized by the combination of the biomarker integration index (BRI), joint effect index concentration addition index (CAI), and the effect concentration addition index (EAI). The results showed that the single MWCNTs exposure caused insignificant change in most biomarkers, while the combined exposure of MWCNTs (50-100 mg/kg) and 10 mg/kg Cd led to significant changes in ten most important metabolites identified by metabolomics and activities of CYP1A2, 2C9, and 3A4. Compared with the toxicity of Cd alone, the combined toxicity of the mixture was significantly reduced. According to the integration of BRI and CAI/EAI, a clearly antagonistic interaction at relatively low effects was observed between MWCNTs and Cd. The responses of multiple biomarkers suggest the toxic action mode of the mixture on earthworms was related to the oxidative injury, and the disruption of amino acid, purine, and pyrimidine metabolism, and the urea cycle.


Assuntos
Cádmio/toxicidade , Nanotubos de Carbono/toxicidade , Oligoquetos/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade , Animais , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Solo/química
17.
Neuroreport ; 32(11): 918-924, 2021 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34132705

RESUMO

Glucocerebrosidase (GBA) mutations occur frequently in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. This study aims to identify potential crucial genes and pathways associated with GBA mutations in patients with PD and to further analyze new molecular mechanisms related to the occurrence of gene mutations from the perspective of bioinformatics. Gene expression profiles of datasets GSE53424 and GSE99142 were acquired from the Gene Expression Ominibus database. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected, using the 'limma' package in R, comparing IDI-PD 1 (idiopathic PD patients) and GBA-PD 1 [PD patients with heterozygous GBA mutations (GBA N370S)] group samples. The functions of top modules were assessed using the DAVID, whereas gene ontology and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway enrichment analyses were performed. Protein-protein interaction networks were assembled with Cytoscape software and separated into subnetworks using the Molecular Complex Detection Algorithm. Data from GSE53424 and GSE99142 were also extracted to verify our findings. There were 283 DEGs identified in PD patients heterozygous for GBA mutations. Module analysis revealed that GBA mutations in PD patients were associated with significant pathways, including Calcium signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway and Cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction. Hub genes of the two modules were corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and Melatonin receptor 1B (MTNR1B). The expression of CRH was downregulated, whereas that of MTNR1B was upregulated in PD patients with GBA mutations. The expression of CRH and MTNR1B has diagnostic value for PD patients with heterozygous GBA mutations. Novel DEGs and pathways identified herein might provide new insights into the underlying molecular mechanisms of heterozygous GBA mutations in PD patients.

18.
Clin Epidemiol ; 13: 345-355, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34079377

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the new development of caries among preschoolers in northern Guangdong and to assess caries-related factors to distinguish groups with different caries risk levels. Methods: Baseline data were recorded for participants from September to November 2019, and participants were reexamined from September to November 2020. A longitudinal observation of 11,973 preschoolers was conducted. The simplified debris index (DI-S) and decayed-missing-filled tooth (dmft) index values were obtained for each participant. Results: Factors associated with whether caries would occur in the future and one-year increase in dmft (Δdmft) included baseline dmft, baseline DI-S, and baseline age. The risk ratio (RR) of caries occurrence and the number of teeth with new-onset caries were 4.482 (95% confidence interval, 4.056-4.957) and 2.945 (2.742-3.165) in the participants with baseline dmft ≥3, which were higher than those with baseline dmft =1 or 2. In the baseline caries-free group, whether caries would occur in the future was related to the baseline DI-S (95% confidence interval, 0.022-0.062). The caries incidence of maxillary central incisors (27.9%) was the highest among teeth of preschoolers without caries at baseline, whereas the caries incidence of mandibular first deciduous molars (42.7%) was the highest among teeth of preschoolers with caries at baseline. Conclusion: Baseline dmft is a good predictor of future caries. Children with baseline caries-free status, baseline dmft >0, and baseline dmft ≥3 should be treated with preventive interventions of different intensities and frequencies. The occurrence of future caries in baseline caries-free participants is related to oral hygiene status. Measures to prevent caries on smooth surfaces, such as topical fluoridation, should be applied to all preschoolers. Preschoolers with caries at baseline may be given priority for pit and fissure sealing.

19.
Inflammation ; 44(5): 2078-2090, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34081253

RESUMO

Surgery for colorectal cancer (CRC) can cause damage to the intestinal mucosal barrier and lead to bacterial invasion. This study mainly analyzed whether propofol (PPF) could protect the intestinal mucosal barrier damage caused by CRC surgery, and explored its molecular mechanism. A mouse CRC model was constructed using azomethane and dextran sulfate sodium. During anesthesia, continuous intravenous injection of PPF was used for intervention. The influences of PPF on intestinal mucosal permeability and bacterial invasion were detected. The levels of microRNA (miR)-155, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/NF-κB in the intestinal mucosa, and the location of miR-155 were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Mouse macrophages were used to analyze the regulation of miR-155 on the secretion of inflammatory cytokines through the TLR4/NF-κB pathway. PPF treatment promoted the expression of tight junction protein in the intestinal mucosa, protected the intestinal barrier, inhibited the translocation of intestinal bacteria, and increased the level of the beneficial bacterium Lactobacillus on the mucosal surface. In addition, PPF treatment could inhibit the expression of miR-155, TLR4/NF-KB, and reverse inflammatory response. miR-155 was expressed in macrophages of intestinal mucosa tissue. Overexpression of miR-155 promoted the nuclear translocation of NF-κB and the expression of inflammatory cytokines in macrophages. The use of VIPER to inhibit TLR4 reversed the pro-inflammatory effects of miR-155. PPF might inhibit the activation of the NF-κB pathway by downregulating miR-155 expression, thereby reducing the secretion of inflammatory cytokines. This might be the mechanism by which PPF protected the intestinal barrier of CRC surgical model mice.

20.
Ren Fail ; 43(1): 928-933, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34134605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gut dysbiosis may be implicated in the pathogenesis of IgA nephropathy (IgAN) through immune and/or metabolite pathways. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) could reestablish the micro-ecological balance in IgAN, although this has never been attempted before. We explored whether FMT could be efficacious in treating IgAN in two patients with refractory IgAN. CASE PRESENTATION: Two Chinese female patients with IgAN failed to achieve clinical remission after receiving several rounds of immunosuppressive therapy and suffered from unbearable adverse effects due to immunosuppressants. Both patients received intensive fresh FMT conducted through transendoscopic enteral tubing (TET) regularly for 6-7 months, and were followed up for a further 6 months. Partial clinical remission was achieved in both patients, evidenced by a decrease in the 24-h urinary protein (24-hUP) to less than half of baseline during FMT treatment or follow-up, along with increased serum albumin (sAlb) and stable kidney function. The gut microbiota of both patients was distorted with lower biodiversity and altered composition, which was reversed following FMT. Phylum Proteobacteria decreased while genus Prevotella increased during and after FMT. The intensive fresh FMT was well-tolerated, and no severe adverse events occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary evidence of the safety and efficacy of FMT for treating refractory IgAN may provide a new direction by which to decipher the pathogenesis of IgAN.


Assuntos
Transplante de Microbiota Fecal/métodos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Glomerulonefrite por IGA/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Albumina Sérica
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...