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1.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(10): 1155-1165, 2020 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32433047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Resting heart rate (RHR) is considered as a strong predictor of total mortality and hospitalization due to heart failure in hypertension patients. Bisoprolol fumarate, a second-generation beta-adrenoreceptor blockers (ß-blocker) is commonly prescribed drug to manage hypertension. The present study was to retrospectively evaluate changes in the average RHR and its association with cardiovascular outcomes in bisoprolol-treated coronary artery disease (CAD) patients from the CAD treated with bisoprolol (BISO-CAD) study who had comorbid hypertension. METHODS: We performed ad-hoc analysis for hypertension sub-group of the BISO-CAD study (n = 866), which was a phase IV, multination, multi-center, single-arm, observational study carried out from October 2011 to July 2015 across China, South Korea, and Vietnam. Multivariate regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with incidence of composite cardiac clinical outcome (CCCO), the results were presented as adjusted odds ratio (OR) along with 95% confidence interval (CI) and adjusted P value. RESULTS: A total of 681 patients (mean age: 64.77 ± 10.33 years) with hypertension from BISO-CAD study were included in the analysis. Bisoprolol improved CCCOs in CAD patients with comorbid hypertension, with RHR <65 and <70 beats/min compared with RHR ≥65 and ≥75 beats/min, respectively, in the efficacy analysis (EA) set. In addition, it lowered RHR in both intent-to-treat (ITT) and EA groups after 6, 12, and 18 months of treatment. Further, RHR 70 to 74 beats/min resulted in significantly higher risk of CCCOs EA set of patients (adjusted OR: 4.34; 95% CI: 1.19-15.89; P = 0.03). Also, events of hospitalization due to acute coronary syndrome were higher when RHR 69 to 74 beats/min compared to RHR <69 beats/min in ITT patients. CONCLUSION: Bisoprolol can effectively reduce RHR in Asian CAD patients with comorbid hypertension and hence, improve CCCO without affecting their blood pressure.

2.
Heart Fail Rev ; 2020 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314083

RESUMO

Heart failure (HF) is a growing epidemic with high morbidity and mortality at an international scale. The apelin-APJ receptor pathway has been implicated in HF, making it a promising therapeutic target. APJ has been shown to be activated by a novel endogenous peptide ligand known as Elabela (ELA, also called Toddler or Apela), with a critical role in cardiac development and function. Activation of the ELA-APJ receptor axis exerts a wide range of physiological effects, including depressor response, positive inotropic action, diuresis, anti-inflammatory, anti-fibrotic, and anti-remodeling, leading to its cardiovascular protection. The ELA-APJ axis is essential for diverse biological processes and has been shown to regulate fluid homeostasis, myocardial contractility, vasodilation, angiogenesis, cellular differentiation, apoptosis, oxidative stress, cardiorenal fibrosis, and dysfunction. The beneficial effects of the ELA-APJ receptor system are well-established by treating hypertension, myocardial infarction, and HF. Additionally, administration of ELA protects human embryonic stem cells against apoptosis and stress-induced cell death and promotes survival and self-renewal in an APJ-independent manner (X receptor) via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway, which may provide a new therapeutic approach for HF. Thus, targeting the ELA-APJ axis has emerged as a pre-warning biomarker and a novel therapeutic approach against progression of HF. An increased understanding of cardiovascular actions of ELA will help to develop effective interventions. This article gives an overview of the characteristics of the ELA-apelin-APJ axis and summarizes the current knowledge on its cardioprotective roles, potential mechanisms, and prospective application for acute and chronic HF.

3.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 43(3): 297-307, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32045008

RESUMO

AIMS: In this study, we investigated the characteristics and underlying mechanisms of the electrocardiographic (ECG) morphology during left bundle branch area pacing (LBBAP), which have not been systematically described. METHODS: Patients with indications for permanent cardiac pacing underwent LBBAP attempts. The ECGs of patients with confirmed left bundle branch (LBB) capture were compared with those of individuals with right bundle branch block (RBBB) on 12-lead ECG. Intracardiac electrograms recorded during implantation were analyzed in all patients who underwent pacing. RESULTS: LBBAP was successfully achieved in 87.5% (56/64) of patients. The QRS morphologies in lead V1 during LBBAP, which typically demonstrated Qr (60.7%), qR (19.6%), rSR' (7.1%), or QS (12.5%) patterns, differed from those of native RBBB, which featured rsR' (57.5%), M shape (23.7%), or monophasic R patterns (18.7%). The terminal R' wave duration in lead V1 was significantly shorter during LBBAP than during native RBBB (51 ± 12 ms vs 85 ± 19 ms, p < 0.001). LBB potentials were recorded in 66.1% (37/56) of the LBBAP patients. No significant differences in ECG characteristics were found between LBBAP with and without recorded LBB potentials. The presence of bundle branch block during LBBAP significantly prolonged QRS duration, R wave peak time, and terminal R' wave duration in lead V1 . CONCLUSION: LBBAP-ECG patterns are characterized by a shorter terminal R' wave duration in lead V1 compared with that of native RBBB configurations. Bundle branch conduction integrity has an impact on ECG characteristics during LBBAP.

4.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(1): 1-8, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Chinese appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization was released in 2016 to improve the use of coronary revascularization. This study aimed to evaluate the association between the appropriateness of coronary revascularization based on the Chinese AUC and 1-year outcomes in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, multi-center cohort study of stable CAD patients with coronary lesion stenosis ≥50%. After the classification of appropriateness based on Chinese AUC, patients were categorized into the coronary revascularization group or the medical therapy group based on treatment received. The primary outcome was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, repeated revascularization, and ischemic symptoms with hospital admission. RESULTS: From August 2016 to August 2017, 6085 patients were consecutively enrolled. Coronary revascularization was associated with a lower adjusted hazard of 1-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs; hazard ratio [HR]: 0.62; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.45-0.86; P = 0.004) than medical therapy in patients with appropriate indications (n = 1617). No significant benefit in 1-year MACCEs was found after revascularization compared to after medical therapy in patients with uncertain indications (n = 2658, HR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.52-1.25; P = 0.338) and inappropriate indications (n = 1810, HR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.51-1.23; P = 0.308). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with appropriate indications according to Chinese AUC, coronary revascularization was associated with significantly lower risk of MACCEs at 1 year. No benefit was found in coronary revascularization in patients with inappropriate indications. Our findings provide evidence for using Chinese AUC to guide clinical decision-making. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02880605. https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.

6.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Chinese appropriate use criteria (AUC) for coronary revascularization was released in 2016 to improve the use of coronary revascularization. This study aimed to evaluate the association between the appropriateness of coronary revascularization based on the Chinese AUC and 1-year outcomes in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, multi-center cohort study of stable CAD patients with coronary lesion stenosis ≥50%. After the classification of appropriateness based on Chinese AUC, patients were categorized into the coronary revascularization group or the medical therapy group based on treatment received. The primary outcome was a composite of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, repeated revascularization, and ischemic symptoms with hospital admission. RESULTS: From August 2016 to August 2017, 6085 patients were consecutively enrolled. Coronary revascularization was associated with a lower adjusted hazard of 1-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs; hazard ratio [HR]: 0.62; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.45-0.86; P = 0.004) than medical therapy in patients with appropriate indications (n = 1617). No significant benefit in 1-year MACCEs was found after revascularization compared to after medical therapy in patients with uncertain indications (n = 2658, HR: 0.81; 95% CI: 0.52-1.25; P = 0.338) and inappropriate indications (n = 1810, HR: 0.80; 95% CI: 0.51-1.23; P = 0.308). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with appropriate indications according to Chinese AUC, coronary revascularization was associated with significantly lower risk of MACCEs at 1 year. No benefit was found in coronary revascularization in patients with inappropriate indications. Our findings provide evidence for using Chinese AUC to guide clinical decision-making. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT02880605. https://www.clinicaltrials.gov.

7.
Am J Hypertens ; 32(9): 880-889, 2019 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31111864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease triggered by endothelial dysfunction and exaggerated by macrophage infiltration. Although endothelin-1 (ET-1) plays an important role in vascular inflammation and reactive oxygen species production, the individual effect of ET-1 in atherogenesis remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: ET-1 expression was increased in mouse atherosclerotic plaques and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) administrated by oxidized low-density lipoprotein stimulation. Moreover, the immunofluorescence co-staining showed upregulated ET-1 expression in endothelial cells. Real-time polymerase chain reaction demonstrated that ET-1 overexpression promoted adhesion molecules and chemokines secretion in HUVECs. Following this intervention, the migration of macrophages and the pro-inflammatory cytokines were increased. More importantly, the endothelial dysfunction regulated by ET-1 and subsequently the effect on macrophage activation were mediated by ETA receptor and largely reversed by protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor. Eight-week-old male ApoE-/- mice and eET-1/ApoE-/- mice were fed with high-fat diet for 12 weeks. eET-1/ApoE-/- significantly increased atherosclerotic lesions in the whole aorta and aortic sinus, which accompanied by the induction of inflammatory cytokines and macrophages infiltration. CONCLUSIONS: ET-1 accelerates atherogenesis by promoting adhesion molecules and chemokines, as well as subsequent macrophage activation. Collected, these evidence suggest that ET-1 might be a potential target for the treatment of atherogenesis.

8.
J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol ; 30(6): 815-823, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891845

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-provoked dormant conduction (DC) and pacing for unexcitability are used to identify conduction gaps along the ablation lines after circumferential pulmonary vein isolation (CPVI). We aim to determine whether ATP provocation and pacing are interchangeable as endpoints for ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 107 patients with PAF were randomly divided into two groups after completion of CPVI. In group I (A-P group, n = 53), ATP was administered first. If DC was uncovered, additional ablation was performed until ATP tests were negative. Bipolar pacing along the ablation line was performed subsequently. In group II (P-A group, n = 54), the same protocol was used, but the pacing and the ATP tests were performed in the opposite sequence. The 12-month ablation outcomes of all patients were compared with those of a historical control group of 107 patients with PAF in whom only ATP test was performed. Regardless of which test was performed first, the other modality still identified conduction gaps. In group I, pacing maneuvers identified gaps in 49% (n = 26) of patients who had negative ATP tests. In group II, ATP tests uncovered DC in 18.5% (n = 10) of patients in whom pacing identified no gaps. After 12 months, a higher proportion of patients (91.6%) were free from atrial tachyarrhythmias compared with the historical control group (81.3%; P = 0.031). CONCLUSION: Pacing along the ablation lines and ATP provocation are complementary tests for evaluating the durability of CPVI and can lead to better long-term outcomes when used in combination.

9.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(9): 1037-1044, 2019 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30829714

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cardiac rupture (CR) is a major lethal complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, no valid risk score model was found to predict CR after AMI in previous researches. This study aimed to establish a simple model to assess risk of CR after AMI, which could be easily used in a clinical environment. METHODS: This was a retrospective case-control study that included 53 consecutive patients with CR after AMI during a period from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2017. The controls included 524 patients who were selected randomly from 7932 AMI patients without CR at a 1:10 ratio. Risk factors for CR were identified using univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression. Risk score model was developed based on multiple regression coefficients. Performance of risk model was evaluated using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves and internal validity was explored using bootstrap analysis. RESULTS: Among all 7985 AMI patients, 53 (0.67%) had CR (free wall rupture, n = 39; ventricular septal rupture, n = 14). Hospital mortalities were 92.5% and 4.01% in patients with and without CR (P < 0.001). Independent variables associated with CR included: older age, female gender, higher heart rate at admission, body mass index (BMI) <25 kg/m, lower left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and no primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) treatment. In ROC analysis, our CR risk assess model demonstrated a very good discriminate power (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.895, 95% confidence interval: 0.845-0.944, optimism-corrected AUC = 0.821, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study developed a novel risk score model to help predict CR after AMI, which had high accuracy and was very simple to use.


Assuntos
Ruptura Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Ruptura Cardíaca/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular/epidemiologia , Ruptura do Septo Ventricular/etiologia
10.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(9): 1045-1052, 2019 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30896567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety have been correlated with elevated risks for quality-of-life (QOL), adverse outcomes, and medical expenditure in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). However, the relevant data are lacking for Chinese ACS populations, especially regarding different effects of major depression, anxiety, and comorbidity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the dynamic changes of depression and/or anxiety over 12 months and examine the effects of depression, anxiety, and comorbidity on QOL, adverse outcomes, and medical expenditure in Chinese patients with ACS. METHODS: For this prospective longitudinal study, a total of 647 patients with ACS were recruited from North China between January 2013 and June 2015. Among them, 531 patients (82.1%) completed 12-month follow-ups. Logistic regression model was utilized for analyzing the association of baseline major depression, anxiety, and comorbidity with 12-month all-cause mortality, cardiovascular events, QOL, and health expenditure. RESULTS: During a follow-up period of 12 months, 7.3% experienced non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI) and 35.8% cardiac re-hospitalization. Baseline comorbidity, rather than major depression/anxiety, strongly predicted poor 12-month QOL as measured by short-form health survey-12 (odds ratio [OR]: 1.77, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.22-2.52, P = 0.003). Regarding 12-month non-fatal MI and cardiac re-hospitalization, baseline anxiety (OR: 2.83, 95% CI: 1.33-5.89, P < 0.01; OR: 4.47, 95% CI: 1.50-13.00, P < 0.01), major depression (OR: 2.58, 95% CI: 1.02-6.15, P < 0.05; OR: 5.22, 95% CI: 1.42-17.57, P < 0.03), and comorbidity (OR: 6.33, 95% CI: 2.96-13.79, P < 0.0001, OR: 14.08, 95% CI: 4.99-41.66, P < 0.0001) were all independent predictors, and comorbidity had the highest predictive value. Number of re-hospitalization stay, admission frequency within 12 months and medical expenditure within 2 months were the highest in patients with ACS with comorbidity. CONCLUSIONS: Major depression and anxiety may predict 12-month non-fatal MI and cardiac re-hospitalization. However, comorbidity has the highest predictive value with greater medical expenditure and worse QOL in Chinese patients with ACS. And depression with comorbid anxiety may be a new target of mood status in patients with ACS.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/fisiopatologia , Depressão/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/economia , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/economia , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida
11.
Cardiol Res Pract ; 2019: 3210803, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30719341

RESUMO

Background: In patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF), the procedural and clinical outcomes of ablation combined with infusion of antiarrhythmic drug are unknown. Objectives: To determine the impact of low-dose ibutilide after circumferential pulmonary vein isolation (CPVI) and/or left atrial (LA) substrate modification on acute procedural and clinical outcome of persistent AF. Methods: In a prospective cohort of 135 consecutive patients with persistent AF, intravenous 0.25 mg ibutilide was administered 3 days before the procedure and intraprocedurally, if required, after CPVI and/or additional LA substrate modification of sites with continuous, rapid or fractionated, and low-voltage (0.05-0.3 mv) atrial activity. Results: Persistent AF was terminated by CPVI alone (n=15) or CPVI + ibutilide (n=32) in 47 (34.8%) patients (CPVI responders). Additional LA substrate modification without (n=33) or with subsequent administration of 0.25 mg ibutilide (n=19) terminated AF in another 52 (38.5%) patients (substrate modification responders). Sinus rhythm was restored by electrical cardioversion in the remaining 36 (26.7%) patients (nonresponders). The mean LA substrate ablation time was 14 ± 6 minutes. At follow-up of 24 ± 10 months, the rates of freedom from atrial tachyarrhythmias among the responders in CPVI and substrate modification groups were mutually comparable (66.0% and 69.2%) and higher than among the nonresponders (36.1%; P < 0.01). Among the responders, there was no difference in clinical outcome between patients whose persistent AF was terminated without or with low-dose ibutilide. Conclusion: Administration of low-dose ibutilide during ablation of persistent AF may allow select patients wherein substrate ablation is not or minimally required to optimize procedural and clinical outcomes.

12.
Clin Ther ; 41(1): 78-91, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30559005

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) compared with cryoballoon (CB) ablation in the treatment of patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) from the payer's perspective in China. METHODS: We constructed a cohort model, combining a 12-month decision-tree model with a lifetime Markov state-transition model, in a hypothetical cohort of patients with drug-refractory PAF managed with either RFCA or CB ablation, to compare the cost-effectiveness of the 2 procedures. Data related to clinical outcomes and costs in this model were obtained from a retrospective 12-month follow-up study in patients in China and from related literature. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) over a 10-year time period was calculated and compared against the willingness-to-pay (WTP) threshold. We used a 1-way sensitivity analysis and a probabilistic sensitivity analysis (PSA) to access the structural uncertainty and the parameter uncertainty, respectively. FINDINGS: Over a 10-year time horizon, the total costs per patient of RFCA and CB ablation were ¥98,164.04 (US $15,339.57; €13,058.94) and ¥107,542.37 ($16,805.07; €14,306.55), respectively, and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) gained were 5.47 and 5.43, respectively. The ICER ratio was -¥224,365.01 (-$35,060.32; -€29,847.68) per QALY, indicating that RFCA is associated with greater QALYs and lower costs than CB ablation. The 1-way sensitivity analysis demonstrated that the model results were most sensitive to the odds ratio of the atrial fibrillation recurrence within 12 months in the RFCA group versus the CB ablation group, the cost of RFCA, and the perioperative stroke risk with RFCA. According to the results of the PSA, RFCA was associated with a high probability of being cost-effective (99.48%) compared with CB ablation at a WTP threshold of ¥161,940 ($25,305.50; €21,543.17) per QALY. IMPLICATIONS: Our analysis indicates that RFCA is cost-saving compared with CB ablation in the treatment of patients with PAF in China, based on better QALYs and lower costs over a 10-year time horizon, from the payer's perspective.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Idoso , China , Análise Custo-Benefício , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Cardiology ; 140(3): 133-140, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29996135

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the regulation of endothelin-1 (ET-1) expression in in vivo high-fat diet (HFD)-fed mice and in vitro cultured human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs). METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice were fed on standard chow, serum was prepared, and ET-1 levels were analyzed using an ELISA kit. Quantitative PCR was performed using iQ SYBR Green Supermix. Statistical significance was assessed using SPSS, with p < 0.05 considered significant. RESULTS: The serum ET-1 content and endothelial expression of ET-1 mRNA were increased in the HFD-fed mice compared to the chow-fed control mice. Moreover, the mRNA expression of ET-1 was significantly increased in cultured HAECs in response to acute (< 24 h) and chronic (12-16 days) treatments with palmitic acid (PA), one of the most abundant saturated fatty acids in obesity. We found that the induction of ET-1 expression by PA was abolished by pretreating the cells with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress inhibitor 4-phenylbutyric acid or the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor Gö 6850. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate for the first time that PA increases ET-1 expression in endothelial cells through the induction of ER stress and the activation of PKC, providing novel mechanistic insights into the pathogenesis of obesity-associated hypertension and cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotelina-1/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Ácido Palmítico/farmacologia , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotelina-1/genética , Humanos , Indóis/farmacologia , Masculino , Maleimidas/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Obesidade/genética , Fenilbutiratos/farmacologia , Proteína Quinase C/antagonistas & inibidores , Transdução de Sinais
14.
J Thorac Dis ; 10(5): 2551-2557, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29997915

RESUMO

Background: This study aims to investigate the associations of different (low/medium/high) levels of fasting triglyceride (TG) levels with cardiovascular endpoints. Methods: This cohort study comprised of in-service and retired employees of the Kailuan Coal Mine Group, who participated in the health examination conducted in 11 hospitals in the Kailuan region from June 2006 to October 2007 (n=100,271). The study population was divided into five groups according to different TG levels. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors for myocardial infarction (MI) in patients with elevated TG, and Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to analyze the effects of different TG levels on endpoint events. Results: After a median follow-up of 7 years, 961 patients developed MI and 3,142 subjects died. The multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that elevated TG, an age of ≥65 years old, body mass index (BMI) >25 kg/m2, fasting blood glucose (FBG) ≥6.1 mmol/L and high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) <1.5 mmol/L were all risk factors for MI (P<0.05). Furthermore, Cox proportional hazards regression model revealed that after controlling for gender, age and other factors, with the increase in TG level, the relative risk of MI also increased. Compared to the TG1 group, the risk of MI increased to 1.32 folds in the TG4 group (95% CI: 1.05-1.66, P=0.018) and 1.61 folds in the TG5 group (95% CI: 1.21-1.93, P=0.004). Furthermore, the risk of MI combined with all-cause death and all-cause death also increased, but the differences were not all statistically significant. Conclusions: In the study population of the Kailuan region, elevated fasting TG increases the risk of MI, particularly in populations with an age of ≥65 years old, BMI >25 kg/m2, FBG ≥6.1 mmol/L and HDL-C <1.5 mmol/L.

15.
Med Sci Monit ; 24: 5064-5070, 2018 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30030914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) recently have been implicated in the pathological processes of cardiovascular diseases. In this study, LncRNADisease database and PubMed database were used to screen myocardial infraction (MI)-related lncRNAs and to investigate the diagnostic role of lncRNAs in ST-segment elevation myocardial infraction (STEMI). MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty-six patients with STEMI and 40 healthy controls were included in the study. Venous blood samples acquired at different time points and the expression levels of lncRNAs in plasma were measured by qRT-PCR. In addition, other blood samples were collected before and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Correlation analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve were used to assess the diagnosis value of the markers. All included patients were followed up for 12±1 months. RESULTS Nine MI-related lncRNAs were selected from the database. The qRT-PCR results showed that the expression of hypoxia inducible factor 1A antisense RNA 2 (aHIF), member 1 opposite strand/antisense transcript 1 (KCNQ1OT1), and mitochondrial long noncoding RNA uc022bqs.1 (LIPCAR) were significantly increased in patients with STEMI compared to the control patients. The ROC curve showed that LIPCAR (AUC=0.782, 95% CI: 0.707-0.0.894) had better diagnostic accuracy. Moreover, correlation analysis indicated that LIPCAR were positively correlated with myocardial enzymes and negatively correlated with left ventricular ejection fraction. The level of LIPCAR in STEMI patients after PCI was lower (P<0.05). Multivariate regression analysis indicated that higher levels of LIPCAR were independent predictors of major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with STEMI (HR=5.93; 95% CI, 1.46-9.77; P=0.001). CONCLUSIONS Highly expressed LIPCAR in plasma may serve as a warning sign for the diagnosis of STEMI.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , RNA Longo não Codificante/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia
16.
J Geriatr Cardiol ; 15(3): 229-234, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29721002

RESUMO

Hypertension has been found to be increased a risk of stroke in atrial fibrillation (AF). Both the European and U.S. guidelines advocate the use of the CHA2DS2-VASc (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age > 75 years, diabetes mellitus, stroke/transient ischemic attack, vascular disease, age 65-74 years, sex category) scheme for risk stratification. Although vitamin K antagonists is more effective than acetylsalicylic acid at preventing ischaemic stroke, its benefit is offs by an increased haemorrhage risk. The risk of ischemic stroke in patients with AF and a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 1 are considered to be low risk and may be not expected to benefit from anticoagulation therapy. Hypertension carries an increased risk of ischemic stroke, however, it is also a clear risk factor for hemorrhage in AF. Therefore, the optimal antithrombotic management is highlighted in patients with AF with only one risk factor especially hypertension.

17.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(2): 276-279, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29737075

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore a better method to adjust platelet counts for light transmission aggregometry (LTA). METHODS: Blood samples from 36 healthy participants aged from 18 to 50 yr. were collected.Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was diluted using platelet-poor plasma (PPP) and physiological saline (PS),respectively,in a ratio of 1.5,2,2.5 and 3 times. Platelet aggregation was induced by adenosine diphosphate (ADP),arachidonic acid (ARA),collagen (COL), epinephrine (EPI),or ristocetin (RIS). The maximal aggregation rates (MAs) of different approaches were compared. We also compared the MAs induced by RIS between PRP-obtained-PPP and whole blood-obtained-PPP (2 100×g, 5 min). RESULTS: Compared with the original PRP,the MAs induced by ADP,ARA,and EPI decreased in PPP-adjusted PRP (significant at 2-3 times dilution ratio,P<0.05),but not in PS-adjusted PRP (P>0.05). The MA induced by RIS decreased in PS-adjusted PRP (significant at all dilution ratios,P<0.05),but not in PPP-adjusted PRP (P>0.05). No changes in the MA induced by COL were found in PS-adjusted PRP and PPP-adjusted PRP (P>0.05). Whole blood-obtained-PPP (2 100×g, 5 min) had the same MA induced by ristocetin compared with PRP-obtained-PPP (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: PS is recommended for adjusting platelets counts for platelet aggregation induced by ADP,ARA,COL and EPI. Whole blood-obtained-PPP (2 100 ×g, 5 min) is recommended for RIS-induced aggregation as a matter of convenience.


Assuntos
Agregação Plaquetária , Contagem de Plaquetas/normas , Difosfato de Adenosina , Adolescente , Adulto , Ácido Araquidônico , Colágeno , Epinefrina , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Função Plaquetária , Ristocetina , Adulto Jovem
18.
Sci Rep ; 8(1): 4999, 2018 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29567964

RESUMO

Subclinical hypothyroidism (SHT) is a common disorder that may represent early thyroid dysfunction and is related to adverse cardiovascular events. However, myocardial injuries induced by SHT are difficult to detect. Our previous study demonstrated that the cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) myocardial longitudinal relaxation time (T1) mapping technique is a useful tool for assessing diffuse myocardial injuries in overt hypothyroidism patients. This study was designed to detect whether diffuse myocardial injuries were present in SHT by using the T1 mapping technique. We found that SHT participants had significantly increased native T1 values within four segments of the left ventricle (all p < 0.01), especially patients with thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) levels ≥10 µIU/mL, compared with those in the controls. In addition, the native T1 values were negatively correlated with free thyroxine (FT4) (r = -0.476, p = 0.003) and were positively correlated with TSH (r = 0.489, p = 0.002). Furthermore, left ventricular diastolic function estimated by the peak filling rate (PFR) was significantly lower in patients with TSH levels ≥10 µIU/mL than that in the controls (p < 0.05). In conclusion, diffuse myocardial injuries were present in SHT, and T1 mapping may be a useful tool for evaluating mild myocardial injuries in SHT at an early stage. Our study is the first to confirm myocardial injuries in SHT patients using T1 mapping.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipotireoidismo/complicações , Tireotropina/sangue , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Adulto , Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Cardiomiopatias/patologia , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração/patologia , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/sangue , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Miocárdio/patologia
19.
PLoS One ; 13(1): e0190170, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29298352

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hybrid ablation, an emerging therapy that combines surgical intervention and catheter ablation, has become a viable option for the treatment of persistent atrial fibrillation. In this analysis, we aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of hybrid ablation, as well as compare the outcomes of one-step and staged approaches. METHODS: We conducted a search in major online databases and selected the studies that met the inclusion criteria. The primary endpoint was defined as no episode of atrial fibrillation or atrial tachycardia lasting longer than 30 seconds without administration of antiarrhythmic drugs. RESULTS: Sixteen studies including 785 patients (paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, n = 83; persistent atrial fibrillation, n = 214; long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation, n = 488) were selected. Average history of atrial fibrillation was (5.0±1.6) years. The pooled proportion of patients who were arrhythmia-free at the primary endpoint was 73% (95% CI, 64%-81%, Cochran's Q, P<0.001; I2 = 81%). The pooled rate of severe short-term complications was 4% (95% CI, 2%-7%, Cochran's Q, P = 0.01; I2 = 51%). The success rate after one-step procedures (69%) was lower than that after staged procedures (78%). The staged approach could ultimately prove to be safer, although complication rates were relatively low for both approaches (2% and 5%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Hybrid ablation is an effective and generally safe procedure. The current data suggest that staged hybrid ablation could be the optimal approach, as it is associated with a higher success rate and a seemingly lower complication rate. Additional randomized controlled trials are necessary to confirm these results.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Fibrilação Atrial/terapia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Humanos
20.
J Thorac Dis ; 9(9): 2898-2903, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29221261

RESUMO

Background: This study aims to investigate the clinical and angiographic features in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) induced by coronary artery embolism. Methods: Clinical data of five patients with AMI induced by coronary artery embolism were analyzed retrospectively. Results: One patient had left atrial myxoma, one patient had non-valvular atrial fibrillation, and three patients had rheumatic heart disease. Furthermore, one patient had mitral mechanical valve prostheses, two patients had atrial fibrillation. Coronary angiography showed the absence of significant atherosclerostic lesions in the coronary arteries except infarct related artery in five patients. Angiography suggested the presence of IRA occlusion caused by embolism. Conclusions: The status for AMI due to coronary artery embolism usually expresses embolic material originating from the left heart chambers. Rheumatic heart disease and atrial fibrillation are the common reasons for coronary artery embolism. Coronary artery occlusion is the common performance in the results of primary coronary artery angiography. Sometimes it expresses visible signs of embolism.

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