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1.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 734578, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621692

RESUMO

Acinetobacter baumannii, especially multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii, is a notable source of pressure in the areas of public health and antibiotic development. To overcome this problem, attention has been focused on membrane proteins. Different digestion methods and extraction detergents were examined for membrane proteome sample preparation, and label-free quantitative and targeted proteome analyses of the polymyxin B-induced Acinetobacter baumannii ATCC 19606 membrane proteome were performed based on nano LC-MS/MS. Ultracentrifugation of proteins at a speed of 150,000×g, digestion by trypsin, filter-aided sample preparation, and detergents such as lauryldimethylamine-N-oxide were proved as a fast and effective way for identification of membrane proteome by nano LC-MS/MS. Upon treatment with polymyxin B, expression levels of 15 proteins related to membrane structure, transporters, cell surface, and periplasmic space were found to be significantly changed. Furthermore, targeted proteome was also used to confirm these changes. A relatively rapid membrane proteome preparation method was developed, and a more comprehensive view of changes in the Acinetobacter baumannii membrane proteome under polymyxin B pressure was obtained.

2.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628513

RESUMO

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a degenerative motor neuron disease and a leading cause of infant mortality, is caused by loss of functional survival motor neuron (SMN) protein due to SMN1 gene mutation. Here, using mouse and cell models for behavioral and histological studies, we found that SENP2 (SUMO/sentrin-specific protease 2)-deficient mice developed a notable SMA-like pathology phenotype with significantly decreased muscle fibers and motor neurons. At the molecular level, SENP2 deficiency in mice did not affect transcription but decreased SMN protein levels by promoting the SUMOylation of SMN. SMN was modified by SUMO2 with the E3 PIAS2α and deconjugated by SENP2. SUMOylation of SMN accelerated its degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome degradation pathway with the ubiquitin E1 UBA1 (ubiquitin-like modifier activating enzyme 1) and E3 ITCH. SUMOylation of SMN increased its acetylation to inhibit the formation of Cajal bodies (CBs). These results showed that SENP2 deficiency induced hyper-SUMOylation of the SMN protein, which further affected the stability and functions of the SMN protein, eventually leading to the SMA-like phenotype. Thus, we uncovered the important roles for hyper-SUMOylation of SMN induced by SENP2 deficiency in motor neurons and provided a novel targeted therapeutic strategy for SMA. KEY MESSAGES: SENP2 deficiency enhanced the hyper-SUMOylation of SMN and promoted the degradation of SMN by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. SUMOylation increased the acetylation of SMN to inhibit CB formation. SENP2 deficiency caused hyper-SUMOylation of SMN protein, which further affected the stability and functions of SMN protein and eventually led to the occurrence of SMA-like pathology.

3.
Pharmacol Res ; : 105923, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34607006

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) induces significant morbidity and mortality, for which there are limited therapeutic options available. Here, we found that tetraethylthiuram disulphide (disulfiram, DSF), a derivative of thiuram, used in the treatment of alcohol abuse, has an inhibitory effect on bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis via the attenuation of the fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transition, migration, and proliferation of fibroblasts. Furthermore, DSF inhibited the activation of primary pulmonary fibroblasts and fibroblast cell line under transforming growth factor-ß 1 (TGF-ß1) challenge. Mechanistically, the anti-fibrotic effect of DSF on fibroblasts depends on the inhibition of TGF-ß signalling. We further determined that DSF interrupts the interaction between SMAD3 and TGF-ß receptor Ι (TBR Ι), and identified that DSF directly binds with SMAD3, in which Trp326, Thr330, and Cys332 of SMAD3 are critical binding sites for DSF. Collectively, our results reveal a powerful anti-fibrotic function of DSF in pulmonary fibrosis through the inhibition of TGF-ß/SMAD signalling in pulmonary fibroblasts, indicating that DSF is a promising therapeutic candidate for IPF.

4.
J Antibiot (Tokyo) ; 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34480092

RESUMO

Antimicrobial resistance has been an increasingly serious threat to global public health. Anti-virulence strategies are being developed to manage antibiotic resistance because they apply a lower selective pressure for antimicrobial-resistant pathogens than that created using traditional bactericides. We aimed to discover novel small molecules that can reduce the production of virulence factors in Pseudomonas aeruginosa and determine the mechanism of action underlying these effects. A clinical compound library was screened, and ostarine was identified as a potential anti-virulence agent. The effects of ostarine were studied via antimicrobial susceptibility testing, bacterial growth assays, pyocyanin quantitation assays, transcriptomic analysis, quorum sensing signal molecule quantification, and real-time PCR assays. Ostarine treatment significantly decreased the synthesis of pyocyanin without any bactericidal action. Besides, ostarine treatment did not affect the relative growth rate and cell morphology of bacteria. Treatment with ostarine interfered with quorum sensing by decreasing the transcription of genes associated with quorum sensing systems and the production of signalling molecules. The inhibition of ostarine on pyocyanin production and gene expression can be alleviated when signalling molecules were supplemented externally. Overall, ostarine may act as a novel anti-virulence agent that can attenuate P. aeruginosa pyocyanin by interfering with quorum sensing systems.

5.
Cell Death Differ ; 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465891

RESUMO

Neurogenesis plays a critical role in brain physiology and behavioral performance, and defective neurogenesis leads to neurological and psychiatric disorders. Here, we show that PLCß4 expression is markedly reduced in SENP2-deficient cells and mice, resulting in decreased IP3 formation and altered intracellular calcium homeostasis. PLCß4 stability is regulated by the SUMO-dependent ubiquitin-mediated proteolytic pathway, which is catalyzed by PIAS2α and RNF4. SUMOylated PLCß4 is transported to the nucleus through Nup205- and RanBP2-dependent pathways and regulates nuclear signaling. Furthermore, dysregulated calcium homeostasis induced defects in neurogenesis and neuronal viability in SENP2-deficient mice. Finally, SENP2 and PLCß4 are stimulated by starvation and oxidative stress, which maintain calcium homeostasis regulated neurogenesis. Our findings provide mechanistic insight into the critical roles of SENP2 in the regulation of PLCß4 SUMOylation, and the involvement of SENP2-PLCß4 axis in calcium homeostasis regulated neurogenesis under stress.

6.
J Biol Chem ; 297(4): 101183, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509475

RESUMO

Sentrin/small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO)-specific protease 2 (SENP2)-deficient mice develop spontaneous seizures in early life because of a marked reduction in M currents, which regulate neuronal membrane excitability. We have previously shown that hyper-SUMOylation of the Kv7.2 and Kv7.3 channels is critically involved in the regulation of the M currents conducted by these potassium voltage-gated channels. Here, we show that hyper-SUMOylation of the Kv7.2 and Kv7.3 proteins reduced binding to the lipid secondary messenger PIP2. CaM1 has been shown to be tethered to the Kv7 subunits via hydrophobic motifs in its C termini and implicated in the channel assembly. Mutation of the SUMOylation sites on Kv7.2 and Kv7.3 specifically resulted in decreased binding to CaM1 and enhanced CaM1-mediated assembly of Kv7.2 and Kv7.3, whereas hyper-SUMOylation of Kv7.2 and Kv7.3 inhibited channel assembly. SENP2-deficient mice exhibited increased acetylcholine levels in the brain and the heart tissue because of increases in the vagal tone induced by recurrent seizures. The SENP2-deficient mice develop seizures followed by a period of sinus pauses or atrioventricular conduction blocks. Chronic administration of the parasympathetic blocker atropine or unilateral vagotomy significantly prolonged the life of the SENP2-deficient mice. Furthermore, we showed that retigabine, an M-current opener, reduced the transcription of SUMO-activating enzyme SAE1 and inhibited SUMOylation of the Kv7.2 and Kv7.3 channels, and also prolonged the life of SENP2-deficient mice. Taken together, the previously demonstrated roles of PIP2, CaM1, and retigabine on the regulation of Kv7.2 and Kv7.3 channel function can be explained by their roles in regulating SUMOylation of this critical potassium channel.

7.
Neuroimage Clin ; 32: 102808, 2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500426

RESUMO

Recent studies suggested that the rich club organization promoting global brain communication and integration of information, may be abnormally increased in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, the structural and functional basis of this organization is still not very clear. Given the heritability of OCD, as suggested by previous family-based studies, we hypothesize that aberrant rich club organization may be a trait marker for OCD. In the present study, 32 patients with OCD, 30 unaffected first-degree relatives (FDR) and 32 healthy controls (HC) underwent diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We examined the structural rich club organization and its interrelationship with functional coupling. Our results showed that rich club and peripheral connection strength in patients with OCD was lower than in HC, while it was intermediate in FDR. Finally, the coupling between structural and functional connections of the rich club, was decreased in FDR but not in OCD relative to HC, which suggests a buffering mechanism of brain functions in FDR. Overall, our findings suggest that alteration of the rich club organization may reflect a vulnerability biomarker for OCD, possibly buffered by structural and functional coupling of the rich club.

8.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 701625, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34395312

RESUMO

Resistance to colistin, especially mobilized colistin resistance (mcr), is a serious threat to public health since it may catalyze a return of the "pre-antibiotic era". Outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) play a role in antibiotic resistance in various ways. Currently, how OMVs participate in mcr-1-mediated colistin resistance has not been established. In this study, we showed that both OMVs from the mcr-1 negative and positive Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains conferred dose-dependent protection from colistin. However, OMVs from the mcr-1 positive strain conferred attenuated protection when compared to the OMVs of a mcr-1 negative strain at the same concentration. The attenuated protective effect of OMVs was related to the reduced ability to absorb colistin from the environment, thus promoting the killing of colistin sensitive E. coli strains. Lipid A modified with phosphoethanolamine was presented in the OMVs of the mcr-1 positive E. coli strain and resulted in decreased affinity to colistin and less protection. Meanwhile, E. coli strain carrying the mcr-1 gene packed more unmodified lipid A in OMVs and kept more phosphoethanolamine modified lipid A in the bacterial cells. Our study provides a first glimpse of the role of OMVs in mcr-1 -mediated colistin resistance.


Assuntos
Colistina , Proteínas de Escherichia coli , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Colistina/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Plasmídeos
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3687-3693, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402293

RESUMO

A LC-MS/MS method was developed for the rapid and simultaneous determination of genipin-1-ß-D-gentiobioside,geniposide,naringin,hesperidin and neohesperidin in SD rat plasma.The linear relationships of these five constituents in rats were validated,and the specificity,accuracy,precision and stability met the requirements.Their pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 3.2.2,and the results showed that the metabolic process in vivo of the five constituents accorded with the characteristics of noncompartmental model.Their main pharmacokinetic parameters were listed as follows:(1) genipin-1-ß-D-gentiobioside:t_(1/2)(3.20±0.51)h,C_(max)(403.15±96.93)µg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(612.56±148.50)µg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(3.07±0.75) h,C_(max)(229.50±60.63)µg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(413.14±76.37)µg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(2) geniposide:t_(1/2)(3.24±0.68) h,C_(max)(2 961.40±688.02)µg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(10 972.87±1 992.96)µg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(4.56±0.96) h,C_(max)(1 833.27±558.13)µg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(8 996.27±3 053.48)µg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(3) naringin:t_(1/2)(1.64±0.59) h,C_(max)(415.13±259.54)µg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(608.62±289.05)µg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(1.02±0.25) h,C_(max)(355.08±180.00)µg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(501.07±242.68)µg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(4) hesperidin:t_(1/2)(0.86±0.29) h,C_(max)(95.17±22.80)µg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(141.19±54.63)µg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(0.95±0.31) h,C_(max)(46.48±18.33)µg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(69.51±14.73)µg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(5) neohesperidin:t_(1/2)(0.89±0.29) h,C_(max)(828.78±361.56)µg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(1 292.29±553.73)µg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(0.90±0.31) h,C_(max)(314.68±172.45)µg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(385.99±138.55)µg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
10.
mBio ; 12(4): e0079521, 2021 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34281390

RESUMO

Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) cannot be completely eliminated because of existence of the latent HIV-1 reservoir. However, the facts of HIV-1 latency, including its establishment and maintenance, are incomplete. FKBP3, encoded by the FKBP3 gene, belongs to the immunophilin family of proteins and is involved in immunoregulation and such cellular processes as protein folding. In a previous study, we found that FKBP3 may be related to HIV-1 latency using CRISPR screening. In this study, we knocked out the FKBP3 gene in multiple latently infected cell lines to promote latent HIV-1 activation. We found that FKBP3 could indirectly bind to the HIV-1 long terminal repeat through interaction with YY1, thereby recruiting histone deacetylase 1/2 to it. This promotes histone deacetylation and induces HIV-1 latency. Finally, in a primary latent cell model, we confirmed the effect of FKBP3 knockout on the latent activation of HIV-1. Our results suggest a new mechanism for the epigenetic regulation of HIV-1 latency and a new potential target for activating latent HIV-1. IMPORTANCE The primary reason why AIDS cannot be completely cured is the existence of a latent HIV-1 reservoir. Currently, the facts of HIV-1 latency, including its establishment and maintenance, are incomplete. Using a CRISPR library in our earlier screening of genes related to HIV-1 latency, we identified FBKP3 as a candidate gene related to HIV-1 latency. Therefore, in this mechanistic study, we first confirmed the HIV-1 latency-promoting effect of FKBP3 and determined that FKBP3 promotes histone deacetylation by recruiting histone deacetylase 1/2 to the HIV-1 long terminal repeat. We also confirmed, for the first time, that FKBP3 can act as a transcription factor (TF) recruitment scaffold and participate in epigenetic regulation of HIV-1 latency. These findings suggest a new mechanism for the epigenetic regulation of HIV-1 latency and a new potential target for activating latent HIV-1.

11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3624, 2021 06 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34131132

RESUMO

The LIM and SH3 domain protein 1 (Lasp1) was originally cloned from metastatic breast cancer and characterised as an adaptor molecule associated with tumourigenesis and cancer cell invasion. However, the regulation of Lasp1 and its function in the aggressive transformation of cells is unclear. Here we use integrative epigenomic profiling of invasive fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and from mouse models of the disease, to identify Lasp1 as an epigenomically co-modified region in chronic inflammatory arthritis and a functionally important binding partner of the Cadherin-11/ß-Catenin complex in zipper-like cell-to-cell contacts. In vitro, loss or blocking of Lasp1 alters pathological tissue formation, migratory behaviour and platelet-derived growth factor response of arthritic FLS. In arthritic human TNF transgenic mice, deletion of Lasp1 reduces arthritic joint destruction. Therefore, we show a function of Lasp1 in cellular junction formation and inflammatory tissue remodelling and identify Lasp1 as a potential target for treating inflammatory joint disorders associated with aggressive cellular transformation.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Junções Aderentes/metabolismo , Artrite/metabolismo , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/metabolismo , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Artrite/patologia , Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Caderinas/metabolismo , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Feminino , Proteínas de Homeodomínio , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Osteoblastos , beta Catenina/metabolismo
12.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 566, 2021 May 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34001056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Significant progress has been made in the treatment outcomes of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) since the introduction of cytarabine and rituximab in modern regimens. However, older patients may not readily tolerate these agents nor derive benefit. We investigated the impact of age on treatment patterns and clinical outcomes of MCL patients in an Asian population. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients (n = 66) diagnosed with MCL at the National Cancer Centre Singapore between 1998 and 2018. The median follow-up duration was 40 months. Survival analyses were performed using the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate Cox proportional models. RESULTS: The median age of the cohort was 59 years (range, 26-84), with a male predominance (73%). The majority (86%) had advanced stage 3-4 disease at diagnosis. Compared with younger patients, older patients aged ≥60 years (n = 32; 48.5%) presented more frequently with B-symptoms (75% vs 38%, p = 0.0028), anaemia (75% vs 35%, p = 0.0013), and carried higher prognostic risk scores (sMIPI high risk 84% vs 56%, p = 0.016). Non-cytarabine-based induction chemotherapy was more commonly administered in older patients (76% vs 32%, p = 0.0012). The 5-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) was 68 and 25% respectively. In a multivariable model, older age (HR 3.42, 95%CI 1.48-7.92, p = 0.004) and anemia (HR 2.56, 95%CI 1.10-5.96, p = 0.029) were independently associated with poorer OS while older age (HR 2.24, 95%CI 1.21-4.14, p = 0.010) and hypoalbuminemia (HR 2.20, 95%CI 1.17-4.13, p = 0.014) were independently associated with poorer PFS. In an exploratory analysis, maintenance rituximab following induction chemotherapy improved PFS in younger patients, with median PFS of 131 months and 45 months with or without maintenance therapy respectively (HR 0.39, 95%CI 0.16-0.93, p = 0.035). In contrast, no survival benefit was observed in older patients. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated in our analysis that older patients with MCL may harbor adverse clinical features and may not derive benefit from maintenance rituximab, highlighting the need for further research in this area of need.

13.
Molecules ; 26(6)2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis, as a common and refractory disease, is challenging to treat due to the lack of effective agents worldwide. Recently, we have developed a novel compound, N-(3,4,5-trichlorophenyl)-2(3-nitrobenzenesulfonamide) benzamide (IMB16-4), which is expected to have good potential effects against liver fibrosis. However, IMB16-4 is water-insoluble and has very low bioavailability. METHODS: Mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) were selected as drug carriers for the purpose of increasing the dissolution of IMB16-4, as well as improving its oral bioavailability and inhibiting liver fibrosis. The physical states of IMB16-4 and IMB16-4-MSNs were investigated using nitrogen adsorption, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), HPLC, UV-Vis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). RESULTS: The results show that MSNs enhanced the dissolution rate of IMB16-4 significantly. IMB16-4-MSNs reduced cytotoxicity at high concentrations of IMB16-4 on human hepatic stellate cells LX-2 cells and improved oral bioavailability up to 530% compared with raw IMB16-4 on Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats. In addition, IMB16-4-MSNs repressed hepatic fibrogenesis by decreasing the expression of hepatic fibrogenic markers, including α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-ß1) and matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) in LX-2 cells. CONCLUSIONS: These results provided powerful information on the use of IMB16-4-MSNs for the treatment of liver fibrosis in the future.


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos/administração & dosagem , Benzamidas/administração & dosagem , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Actinas/metabolismo , Adsorção , Animais , Antifibrinolíticos/química , Antifibrinolíticos/farmacocinética , Benzamidas/química , Benzamidas/farmacocinética , Disponibilidade Biológica , Varredura Diferencial de Calorimetria , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Células Estreladas do Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Porosidade , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Dióxido de Silício/administração & dosagem , Dióxido de Silício/química , Dióxido de Silício/farmacocinética , Solubilidade , Sulfonamidas/química , Sulfonamidas/farmacocinética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Água/química , Difração de Raios X
14.
Front Immunol ; 12: 628906, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33777013

RESUMO

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy faces a number of challenges for the treatment of non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), and efficient migration of circulating CAR T cells plays an important role in anti-tumor activity. In this study, a CAR specific for tumor antigen mesothelin (Msln-CAR) was co-expressed with cell chemokine receptors CCR2b or CCR4. Findings showed that CCR2b and CCR4 enhanced the migration of Msln-CAR T cell in vitro by transwell assay. When incubated with mesothelin-positive tumor cells, Msln-CCR2b-CAR and Msln-CCR4-CAR T cell specifically exerted potent cytotoxicity and produced high levels of proinflammatory cytokines, including IL-2, IFN-γ, and TNF-α. Furthermore, NSCLC cell line-derived xenograft (CDX) model was constructed by implanting subcutaneously modified A549 into NSG mice. Compared to conventional Msln-CAR T cells, living imaging indicated that Msln-CCR2b-CAR T cells displayed superior anti-tumor function due to enhanced migration and infiltration into tumor tissue shown by immunohistochemistry (IHC) analysis. In addition, histopathological examinations of mice organs showed that no obvious organic damages were observed. This is the first time that CAR T cell therapy combined with chemokine receptor is applied to NSCLC treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Receptores CCR2/metabolismo , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/transplante , Células A549 , Animais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Quimiotaxia de Leucócito , Citocinas/metabolismo , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Feminino , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/imunologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , Receptores CCR2/genética , Receptores CCR4/genética , Receptores CCR4/metabolismo , Receptores de Antígenos Quiméricos/genética , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33684567

RESUMO

Adipose tissue is important for systemic metabolic homeostasis in response to environmental changes, and adipogenesis involves dynamic transcriptional regulation. Ten-eleven translocation (TET) enzymes (TET1, 2 and 3) oxidize the 5-methylcytosine (5mC) in DNA to 5-hydroxylmethylcytosine (5hmC), which associates with transcriptional activation. Step by step, 5-formylcytosine (5fC) and 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC) are further generated by TETs and the cytosine can be restored through base-excision repair. It is still unclear how DNA demethylation is involved in adipogenesis. Through a phenotypic screen, we found TET inhibition decreased adipocyte differentiation from mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Comparing with the undifferentiated MSCs, the differentiated adipocytes exhibited much higher levels of 5hmC and slightly increased 5fC and 5caC. Higher 5hmC was associated with better differentiation at single-cell level by image analysis. TET1 is upregulated in differentiation and depletion of it significantly impaired the gain of 5hmC. Furthermore, Tet1 depletion significantly hampered the adipocyte differentiation. Using RNA-seq, 5mC and 5hmC-DNA immunoprecipitation, we found that Tet1 knockout led to lower expression of genes associated with lipid metabolism and fat cell differentiation. Genes with loss of 5mC or gain of 5hmC in adipocytes include Lipe, Bmp4 and Rxra, etc. RXRα agonist partially rescued the inhibitory effect of Tet1 knockout for adipogenesis. So, Rxra is one of the critical TET1 modulated genes. Together, TET1-mediated active DNA demethylation plays an important role in adipogenesis.


Assuntos
Adipogenia/genética , Desmetilação do DNA , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Oxigenases de Função Mista/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Receptor X Retinoide alfa/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Ativação Transcricional
16.
FASEB J ; 35(4): e21510, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33710677

RESUMO

Neurological diseases are relatively complex diseases of a large system; however, the detailed mechanism of their pathogenesis has not been completely elucidated, and effective treatment methods are still lacking for some of the diseases. The SUMO (small ubiquitin-like modifier) modification is a dynamic and reversible process that is catalyzed by SUMO-specific E1, E2, and E3 ligases and reversed by a family of SENPs (SUMO/Sentrin-specific proteases). SUMOylation covalently conjugates numerous cellular proteins, and affects their cellular localization and biological activity in numerous cellular processes. A wide range of neuronal proteins have been identified as SUMO substrates, and the disruption of SUMOylation results in defects in synaptic plasticity, neuronal excitability, and neuronal stress responses. SUMOylation disorders cause many neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and Huntington's disease. By modulating the ion channel subunit, SUMOylation imbalance is responsible for the development of various channelopathies. The regulation of protein SUMOylation in neurons may provide a new strategy for the development of targeted therapeutic drugs for neurodegenerative diseases and channelopathies.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/metabolismo , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/fisiologia , Proteínas Modificadoras Pequenas Relacionadas à Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Sumoilação/fisiologia , Animais , Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteína SUMO-1/metabolismo
17.
Acta Pharm Sin B ; 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33723501

RESUMO

COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection severely threatens global health and economic development. No effective antiviral drug is currently available to treat COVID-19 and any other human coronavirus infections. We report herein that a CFDA-approved macrolide antibiotic, carrimycin, potently inhibited the cytopathic effects (CPE) and reduced the levels of viral protein and RNA in multiple cell types infected by human coronavirus 229E, OC43, and SARS-CoV-2. Time-of-addition and pseudotype virus infection studies indicated that carrimycin inhibited one or multiple post-entry replication events of human coronavirus infection. In support of this notion, metabolic labelling studies showed that carrimycin significantly inhibited the synthesis of viral RNA. Our studies thus strongly suggest that carrimycin is an antiviral agent against a broad-spectrum of human coronaviruses and its therapeutic efficacy to COVID-19 is currently under clinical investigation.

18.
Heart Surg Forum ; 24(1): E048-E054, 2021 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33635247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute aortic dissection (AAD) is an emergency disease with high misdiagnosis rate and mortality. The aim of the present study is to explore the impact of blood-related biomarkers, specifically D-dimer, on in-hospital outcomes of patients with AAD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 345 patients in our hospital from December 2013 to April 2017 were included. The cutoff value for D-dimer and LDL-C were set as 5.9mg/l and 1.45 mg/l, respectively. The univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify the independently prognostic predictors. RESULTS: The results showed that patients with type A AAD had higher risk of in-hospital mortality compared with those with type B disease. Moreover, results revealed the type A AAD (OR 6.382, 95%CI: 2.423 to 16.812), D-dimer (OR 2.160, 95%CI: 1.072 to 4.350), and LDL-C (OR 0.373, 95%CI: 0.148 to 0.940) were independently associated with in-hospital mortality. Subgroup analysis suggested that D-dimer (OR 2.295, 95%CI: 1.140 to 4.622) was an independently prognostic factor in type A AAD. CONCLUSION: In summary, D-dimer ≥5.9 mg/L and type A AAD were independently associated with in-hospital mortality in AAD patients. Moreover, subgroup analysis proved that the elevated D-dimer was related to poor prognosis in type A AAD.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/sangue , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Admissão do Paciente , Doença Aguda , Aneurisma Dissecante/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Dissecante/mortalidade , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/mortalidade , Biomarcadores/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
19.
Immunol Cell Biol ; 99(1): 34-48, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32725692

RESUMO

Serum amyloid A (SAA) is an early and sensitive biomarker of inflammatory diseases, but its role in acute pancreatitis (AP) is still unclear. Here, we used a caerulein-induced mouse model to investigate the role of SAA in AP and other related inflammatory responses. In our study, we found that the expression of a specific SAA isoform, SAA3, was significantly elevated in a caerulein-induced AP animal model. In addition, SAA3-knockout (Saa3-/- ) mice showed lower serum levels of amylase and lipase, tissue damage and proinflammatory cytokine production in the pancreas compared with those of wild-type mice in response to caerulein administration. AP-associated acute lung injury was also significantly attenuated in Saa3-/- mice. In our in vitro experiments, treatment with cholecystokinin and recombinant SAA3 significantly induced necroptosis and cytokine production. Moreover, we found that the regulatory effect of SAA3 on acinar cell necroptosis was through a receptor-interacting protein 3 (RIP3)-dependent manner. Collectively, our findings indicate that SAA3 is required for AP by inducing an RIP3-dependent necroptosis pathway in acinar cells and is a potential drug target for AP.

20.
Microb Drug Resist ; 27(4): 476-484, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931380

RESUMO

Aims: mcr-1 and blaNDM-1 co-harboring isolates have been reported, usually reside on different plasmids, suggesting co-transfer possibility of the two genes from separate donors to the same recipient strain. This study aims at screening and characterization of mcr-1 carrying Enterobacteriaceae in Northern China, and studying the transfer ability of mcr-1 alone and in company with blaNDM-1 from a second donor. Results: Three Escherichia coli strains and one Klebsiella pneumoniae strain carrying mcr-1 gene were screened out from 1992 isolates in our study. Co-existence of multiple resistance genes was found in the mcr-1-carrying strains, but none of them carried blaNDM-1. One E. coli demonstrated an single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (A-G) at -10 region of mcr-1, and one E. coli showed 2 SNPs (G-T and G-A) in the Shine-Dalgarno sequence-like region of mcr-1. The mcr-1 gene was located on plasmids of about 33-276 kb, and capable of transferring alone in three out of four mcr-1-positive isolates by conjugation. Co-transfer ability analysis demonstrated that mcr-1 from E. coli 13-68, which could not be transferred alone to E. coli C600, was successfully transferred in company with blaNDM-1 from K. pneumoniae ATCC BAA-2146. Conclusions: mcr-1 showed low incidence in our Enterobacteriaceae isolates. Co-transfer ability of mcr-1 and blaNDM-1 from separate donors provides direct evidence for the emergence of the mcr-1 and blaNDM-1 co-harboring isolates.

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