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1.
Front Genet ; 13: 888051, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35928448

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to identify the hub gene in gastric cancer (GC) tumorigenesis. A biomarker prediction model was constructed and analyzed, and protein expression in histopathological samples was verified in a validation cohort. Methods: Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified from GC projects in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Functional enrichment analysis of DEGs was performed between the high- and low- Ribonuclease P protein subunit p30 (RPP30) expression groups. ROC analysis was performed to assess RPP30 expression to discriminate GC from normal tissues. Functional enrichment pathways and immune infiltration of DEGs were analyzed using GSEA and ssGSEA. Survival analysis and nomogram construction were performed to predict patient survival. Immunohistochemical staining of GC tissues was performed to validate RPP30 expression in GC and paracancerous samples. Results: Gene expression data and clinical information of 380 cases (375 GC samples and 32 para-cancerous tissues) were collected from TCGA database. The AUC for RPP30 expression was found to be 0.785. The G alpha S signaling pathway was the most significantly enriched signaling pathway. Primary therapy outcome (p < 0.001, HR = 0.243, 95% CI = 0.156-0.379), age (p = 0.012, HR = 1.748, 95% CI = 1.133-2.698), and RPP30 expression (p < 0.001, HR = 2.069, 95% CI = 1.346-3.181) were identified as independent prognostic factors. As a quantitative approach, a nomogram constructed based on RPP30 expression, age, and primary therapy outcome performed well in predicting patient survival. Nineteen of the 25 tissue samples from the validation cohort showed positive RPP30 expression in GC tissues, whereas 16 cases showed negative RPP30 staining in normal tissues. The difference between the two was statistically significant. Conclusion: High RPP30 expression was significantly correlated with disease progression and poor survival in GC, promoting tumorigenesis and angiogenesis via tRNA dysregulation. This study provides new and promising insights into the molecular pathogenesis of tRNA in GC.

3.
PeerJ ; 10: e13777, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919403

RESUMO

Rotational strip intercropping (RSI) of cereals and legumes has been developed and widely carried out to alleviate continuous cropping obstacles, to control erosion and to improve field use efficiency. In this study, a four-year fixed-field experiment was carried out in northeast China with three treatments: continuous cropping of maize, continuous cropping of peanuts and rotational strip intercropping of maize and peanut. The results show that crop rotation improved the main-stem height, branch number, lateral branch length, and yield and quality of peanuts; the yield was the highest in 2018, when it was increased by 39.5%. RSI improved the contents of total N, available N, total P, available P, total K and available K; the content of available N was the highest in 2018, with an increase of 70%. Rhizosphere soil urease and catalase activities were significantly increased and were the highest in 2017, reaching 183.13% and 91.21%, respectively. According to a high-throughput sequencing analysis, the rhizosphere soil bacterial richness and specific OTUs decreased in peanut rhizosphere soil, while the fungal increased. There were differences in the bacterial and fungal community structures; specifically, the abundance of Acidobacteria and Planctomycetes increased among bacteria and the abundance of beneficial microorganisms such as Ascomycota increased among fungi. In conclusion, rotational strip intercropping of maize and peanut increased the yield and quality of peanuts and conducive to alleviating the obstacles facing the continuous cropping of peanuts. Among then, soil physicochemical properties, enzyme activity and microbial diversity were significantly affected the yield of peanut.

4.
China CDC Wkly ; 4(26): 577-581, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35919456

RESUMO

Air pollution is a significant risk factor contributing to the burden of disease in China. Health risk assessment and management are important to reduce the impact of air pollution on public health. To help formulate standardized health risk assessment techniques, a series of studies were conducted from 2006 to 2019. Through systematic review, study of molecular mechanisms, epidemiological investigation, and health effect monitoring, the overall project established a monitoring and evaluation indicator system, a comprehensive information platform, software for automatic data cleaning, and standardized health risk assessment techniques. Technical specifications have been issued by the National Health Commission for promoting health risk assessments across China. This paper introduces the project, the research approach, its main research accomplishments, innovations, and public health significance, and describes directions for further research.

5.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(13): 735, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35957733

RESUMO

Background: The etiology of gallstones at different anatomical locations may be varied. However, it has not been well studied about the prevalence of gallstones by anatomical locations and their associated factors in China. Methods: We used the data set from preventive health screening centers covering all provinces in mainland China except for Tibet, and a total of 10,937,993 adults were included, who received abdominal ultrasonography in 2017. We analyzed the prevalence of gallstones classified by anatomical locations, including gallbladder (GB) stones, intrahepatic bile duct (IHD) stones, and extrahepatic bile duct (EHD) stones. Further, their associated factors were investigated using a logistic regression model with body mass index (BMI), fasting glucose, total triglyceride, and previous cholecystectomy, with covariates of age and sex. Results: The age- and gender-standardized prevalence (AGS-prevalence) of gallstone diseases was 5.13% (95% CI: 5.11-5.14%). GB, IHD, and EHD stones accounted for 76.3%, 24.3%, and 0.2% of all gallstone cases (concomitant cases were present). GB, IHD, and EHD gallstones presented different patterns by the age, gender, geographic and metabolic factors. Overall, the age-standardized prevalence was higher in women than that in men (5.41% vs. 4.85%, P<0.001). The gender standardized prevalence of all gallstone subtypes apparently increased with age (P<0.001), especially for GB stones from 1.05% (age 18-30) to 11.6% (age ≥70) (P<0.001). There was a marked geographic variation with AGS-prevalence ranging from 3.00% to 8.86% among different provinces. Noticeably, higher BMI, fasting glucose level, or total triglyceride level was associated with a higher prevalence of overall gallstones and GB stones (OR >1), but associated with a lower prevalence of IHD and EHD stones. Conclusions: The prevalence of gallstones in China largely varied in its anatomical location, demographic factors, geographic location, and metabolic factors, suggesting that the etiology of each subtype may be different. Further investigation should be conducted.

6.
J Inflamm Res ; 15: 4251-4260, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35923907

RESUMO

Background: Purpura fulminans (PF), a rare, life-threatening disorder, is a hematological emergency in which there is skin necrosis, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), and protein C deficiency. In PF, the skin necrosis and DIC are secondary to protein C deficiency. This may progress rapidly to multiorgan failure caused by the thrombotic occlusion of small- and medium-sized blood vessels. Case Report: This article presents the case of a 22-year-old male with fever as well as necrotic and purpuric skin lesions. The ultrasound and computed tomography scans revealed infections in the skin wounds as well as venous microthrombosis and thrombosis in multiple intracranial and pulmonary vessels. The laboratory tests showed signs of sepsis, thrombocytopenia, an abnormal decrease in protein C and antithrombin III, DIC, multiple organ and system failures, gastric varices, and gastrointestinal hemorrhage. The blood, sputum, and secretions under the skin lesions were cultured and were positive for Klebsiella pneumoniae. The results of the high-throughput genetic testing of the pathogenic microorganism DNA were consistent. In addition, human herpesvirus type 5 was detected. The histopathological examination of the skin lesions revealed pathological features consistent with PF. After successful treatment by the departments of Dermatology, Emergency Critical Care Medicine, and the Intensive Care Unit, the patient was discharged after 67 days of hospitalization. Conclusion: Adults with acquired protein C and/or S deficiency states, including certain bacterial and viral infections, who drink alcohol and take varieties of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory analgesics at the same time, may develop acute infectious PF. Clinicians should be aware of this for early diagnosis and treatment.

7.
Front Bioeng Biotechnol ; 10: 955233, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35910026

RESUMO

The fisheye camera has a field of view (FOV) of over 180°, which has advantages in the fields of medicine and precision measurement. Ordinary pinhole models have difficulty in fitting the severe barrel distortion of the fisheye camera. Therefore, it is necessary to apply a nonlinear geometric model to model this distortion in measurement applications, while the process is computationally complex. To solve the problem, this paper proposes a model-free stereo calibration method for binocular fisheye camera based on neural-network. The neural-network can implicitly describe the nonlinear mapping relationship between image and spatial coordinates in the scene. We use a feature extraction method based on three-step phase-shift method. Compared with the conventional stereo calibration of fisheye cameras, our method does not require image correction and matching. The spatial coordinates of the points in the common field of view of binocular fisheye camera can all be calculated by the generalized fitting capability of the neural-network. Our method preserves the advantage of the broad field of view of the fisheye camera. The experimental results show that our method is more suitable for fisheye cameras with significant distortion.

8.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 910749, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912098

RESUMO

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) and lncRNAs have been implicated in the development of colon cancer, including tumorigenesis, migration, and invasion. However, the specific effect of m6A regulators on lncRNAs is not clear, and m6A-related lncRNAs may be new prognostic biomarkers and may help direct treatment and medication. We identified 29 prognostic m6A-related lncRNAs and constructed a risk model using 12 lncRNAs. The model was an independent prognostic factor and could accurately predict the prognosis. A stable and robust nomogram that combined the model and pathologic stage was constructed. A total of 2,424 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified based on the model. Functional analysis of the DEGs showed that they were associated with tumor progression, helping investigate the underlying biological functions and signaling pathways of the risk model. In addition, the low-risk group based on the risk model had more sensitivity to afatinib, metformin, and GW.441756, and patients with low risk would more likely respond to immunotherapy. Moreover, patients with higher risk were more sensitive to olaparib, bexarotene, and doxorubicin.

9.
Eur J Radiol ; 154: 110444, 2022 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917754

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To develop and validate an 18F-FDG PET/CT radiomics nomogram for non-invasive differentiation of high-risk and non-high-risk patients of the International Neuroblastoma Risk Group (INRG) Staging System (INRGSS). METHOD: One hundred thirty-nine neuroblastoma patients were retrospectively enrolled and classified into a training set (n = 84) and validation set (n = 55). Radiomics features were extracted from 18F-FDG PET/CT images, a radiomics signature was constructed, and a radiomics score (Rad score) was calculated. Then, univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to screen out the independent clinical factors and construct the clinical model. A radiomics nomogram was developed based on the Rad score and independent clinical factors. The performance of the clinical model, Rad score, and nomogram was assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, calibration curves, and decision curves analysis (DCA). RESULTS: Seven radiomics features were selected to build the radiomics signature. The age at diagnosis, the INRG stage, neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and Rad score showed a significant difference between the high-risk and non-high-risk patients. The radiomics nomogram incorporating the Rad score and the above clinical factors demonstrated favorable predictive value for differentiating high-risk from non-high-risk, yielded AUCs of 0.988 and 0.971 in the training and validation sets, respectively. The calibration curves showed that the radiomics nomogram had the goodness of fit, and the DCA demonstrated that the radiomics nomogram was clinically useful. CONCLUSIONS: The radiomics nomogram, which incorporates the Rad score and clinical factors can well predict high-risk and non-high-risk patients of the INRGSS. It may help the disease follow-up and management in clinical practice and assist in personalized and precise treatment of neuroblastoma.

10.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 23(6): 221, 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35948815

RESUMO

ß-Cyclodextrin (CD) and chitosan (CS) have attracted great attention due to their unique properties and structures. ß-Cyclodextrin-grafted chitosan (CD-CS) has been widely used as a drug carrier to prepare nano-formulations for drug delivery. However, few researches have been conducted to investigate the effect of CD-CS as an excipient on cellular uptake and intestinal absorption. Herein, Caco-2 cells were used to investigate the influence of CD-CS on cellular uptake. The MTT assay showed that CD-CS was non-toxic to Caco-2 cells in concentrations ranging from 15.62 to 125 µg/mL. Confocal laser microscopy and flow cytometry measurements indicated that the uptake ability of Caco-2 cells was significantly enhanced after being treated with CD-CS at a concentration of 31.25 µg/mL or incubation for 0.5 h, and the uptake enhancement gradually increased with increasing CD-CS concentration and incubation time. The Caco-2 monolayer cell model and the everted intestinal sac method were employed to preliminarily explore the mechanism of the improved intestinal absorption. The results demonstrated that CD-CS might open the tight junctions and enhance the clathrin-dependent endocytosis, macro-pinocytosis, and phagocytosis of the intestinal epithelial cells. Such findings can serve as references and inspiration for the design of absorption enhancers.


Assuntos
Quitosana , beta-Ciclodextrinas , Células CACO-2 , Quitosana/química , Portadores de Fármacos , Humanos , Absorção Intestinal , beta-Ciclodextrinas/química , beta-Ciclodextrinas/farmacologia
11.
J Clin Neurosci ; 104: 56-61, 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35963065

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive accuracy of the Essen Stroke Risk Score and the Stroke Prognostic Instrument II score on the long-term recurrence in Chinese patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: Patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled and had completed ESRS and SPI-II scores. Patients were stratified according to the Essen Stroke Risk Score and Stroke Prognostic Instrument II score and were followed until stroke recurrence or composite endpoint event (stroke recurrence, myocardial infarction or cardiovascular death). We estimated stratified incidence rates and calculated the cumulative risks at 5 years using Kaplan-Meier estimates. We used receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves to compare the predictive ability of the Essen Stroke Risk Score and Stroke Prognostic Instrument II score. RESULTS: A total of 578 patients completed the follow-up. The cumulative 5-year event rates were 32.3% (95% CI, 28.2% to 36.4%) for recurrent stroke and 37.9% (95% CI: 33.8%-42.0%) for composite endpoint event. The cumulative risk of all outcomes increased with increasing risk scores. AUC for ESRS and SPI-II risk scores were 0.613 (95% CI: 0.565-0.661) and 0.613 (95% CI: 0.564-0.662) for 5-year stroke recurrence respectively and correspondingly 0.622 (95% CI: 0.576-0.668) and 0.627 (95% CI: 0.581-0.674) for composite endpoint events. CONCLUSION: In Chinese patients with acute ischemic stroke, both Essen Stroke Risk Score and Stroke Prognostic Instrument II scores could equally stratify the risk of 5-year recurrent stroke and combined vascular events.

12.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 6485-6497, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966504

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the role of IGFBP5 in colorectal cancer (CRC) and the relationship between the expression of IGFBP5 and clinicopathological parameters in CRC patients. Patients and Methods: Immunohistochemical analysis was used to detect the expression of IGFBP5 and its correlation with clinicopathological parameters of CRC patients. Prognosis analysis, gene set enrichment analysis, and protein interaction network analysis were performed using bioinformatics analysis. The Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer (GDSC) dataset was used to analyze the correlation between the expression of IGFBP5 and drug resistance. Results: Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the expression of IGFBP5 was significantly higher in CRC tissues than in para-cancerous tissues (P < 0.05). High expression of IGFBP5 was associated with tumor differentiation and the N stage of CRC (P < 0.05). Moreover, high expression of IGFBP5 predicted worse overall survival and disease-free survival in CRC patients (P < 0.05). The expression of IGFBP5 was associated with cell-matrix adhesion, extracellular matrix binding, and collagen binding (P < 0.05). Furthermore, IGFBP5 was involved in the Hedgehog signaling pathway and PI3K-Akt signaling pathway (P < 0.05). IGF1, IGF2, SPP1, LTBP1, and FAM20C were most closely related to IGFBP5. Conclusion: The expression of IGFBP5 is upregulated and associated with tumor differentiation, lymph node metastasis, drug resistance, and prognosis in CRC patients.

13.
Am J Cancer Res ; 12(7): 3455-3463, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35968352

RESUMO

This study investigated the efficacy and safety of hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) combined with PD-1 immunotherapy for advanced biliary tract cancer (BTC) and evaluated the optimal timing of HAIC. A total of 36 unresectable BTC patients treated with HAIC and PD-1 inhibitors between September 2019 and July 2021 were included in this study. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS), tumor response, and adverse events (AEs) were investigated. Overall, 52.8% patients with advanced BTC were in stage IV, 23 patients who progressed after receiving PD-1 inhibitor had undergone HAIC, and 23 patients have received 2 or more lines of therapy. The median OS was 8.8 months (range: 4.0-24.0 months), and the median PFS was 3.7 months. The objective response rate and disease control rate were 11.5% and 76.9%, respectively. In the subgroup analysis, patients who treated with HAIC early without progression after immunotherapy were associated with a trend toward better OS (median 13.0 vs. 7.6 months; P = 0.004) and PFS (median 7.9 vs. 3.6 months; P = 0.09) compared to with HAIC with progression after PD-1 treatment. No treatment-related deaths occurred. A total of 44.4% of the patients experienced grade 3 or 4 AEs. We conclude that the combination of HAIC and PD-1 inhibitors is safe and effective. Early HAIC combined with immunotherapy can effectively prolong the overall survival of patients with advanced BTC.

14.
Mol Biochem Parasitol ; : 111508, 2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35963548

RESUMO

CRISPR/Cas9 technology has been widely used for gene editing in organisms. Gene deletion of the ku80/ku70 complex can improve the efficiency of gene replacement in Arabidopsis thaliana, Cryptococcus neoformans, and Toxoplasma gondii, which remained elusive in Neospora caninum. Here, we knock out the ku80 gene in Nc1 strain by using CRISPR/Cas9, detect the growth rate and virulence of NcΔku80. Then we compare the efficiency of gene replacements between NcΔku80 and Nc1 strains by transfected with the same HA-tagged plasmids, and the percentage of HA-tagged parasites was investigated by IFA. The results showed that gene targeting efficiency was increased in the NcΔku80 strain via double crossover at several genetic loci, but its growth rate and virulence were unaffected. In conclusion, the NcΔku80 strain can be used as an effective strain for rapid gene editing of N. caninum. AVAILABILITY OF DATA AND MATERIALS: Data supporting the conclusions of this article are included within the article.

15.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(14)2022 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35884483

RESUMO

(1) Background: The role of radiotherapy (RT) in superficial esophageal squamous cell cancer (ESCC) remains unclear. The objective of our study was to perform a detailed outcome and safety analysis of RT as a definitive or adjuvant treatment for T1N0M0 staged ESCC patients. (2) Methods: A total of 55 patients treated with endoscopic resection (ER) + RT/concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) or RT/CCRT from January 2011 to June 2021 were included in this study. Eighteen patients with risk factors received ER + RT/CCRT, and thirty-seven patients solely received RT/CCRT. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to calculate the clinical outcomes, and toxicities were scored. (3) Results: The median follow-up time was 51.9 months. The estimated 5-year local recurrence-free survival (LRFS) and overall survival (OS) were 88.9% and 94.4% in the ER + RT/CCRT group and 91.8% and 91.7% in the RT/CCRT group. The predominant failure pattern was in-field local failure (5.5%, 3/55), with one patient in the ER + RT/CCRT group and two patients in the RT/CCRT group. One patient (1.8%, 1/55) had lung metastasis in the RT/CCRT group. The most common toxicities were Grades 1-2 in all patients, including esophagitis (74.5%, 41/55), myelosuppression (49.1%, 27/55) and esophageal stricture after RT (27.3%, 15/55). Two patients (11.1%, 2/18) and four patients (10.8%, 4/37) had Grade 3 esophageal stricture after RT in the ER + RT/CCRT group and RT/CCRT group, respectively. No patients experienced a Grade 4 or higher toxicity, and there were no treatment-related deaths. (4) Conclusions: Definitive or adjuvant RT/CCRT is an effective treatment alternative for superficial ESCC patients with satisfactory clinical outcomes and acceptable toxicities.

16.
Brain Sci ; 12(7)2022 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35884665

RESUMO

Functional abnormalities in brain areas within the fronto-limbic network have been widely reported in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, region- and network-level brain activities of the fronto-limbic network at rest have not been simultaneously investigated in OCD. In this study, 40 medicine-free and non-comorbidity patients with OCD and 38 age-, education-, and gender-matched healthy controls (HCs) underwent a resting-state functional magnetic-resonance-imaging scan. Fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF), network homogeneity (NH), and support vector machine were used to analyze the data. Patients with OCD showed increased fALFF in the right orbital frontal cortex (OFC), increased NH in the left OFC, and decreased NH in the right putamen. Decreased NH of the right putamen was negatively correlated with the Y-BOCS total and compulsive behavior scores. Furthermore, a combination of NH in the left OFC and right putamen could be applied to differentiate OCD from HCs with optimum specificity and sensitivity. The current findings emphasize the crucial role of the fronto-limbic network in the etiology of OCD.

17.
Membranes (Basel) ; 12(7)2022 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35877922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critical bone defects are a significant problem in clinics. The periosteum plays a vital role in bone regeneration. A tissue-engineered periosteum (TEP) has received increasing attention as a novel strategy for bone defect repairs. METHODS: In this experiment, a biomimetic periosteum was fabricated by using coaxial electrospinning technology with decellularized porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS) as the shell and polycaprolactone (PCL) as the core. In vitro, the effects of the biomimetic periosteum on Schwann cells, vascular endothelial cells, and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells were detected by a scratch test, an EdU, a tube-forming test, and an osteogenesis test. In vivo, we used HE staining to evaluate the effect of the biomimetic periosteum on bone regeneration. RESULTS: In vitro experiments showed that the biomimetic periosteum could significantly promote the formation of angiogenesis, osteogenesis, and repaired Schwann cells (SCs). In vivo experiments showed that the biomimetic periosteum could promote the repair of bone defects. CONCLUSIONS: The biomimetic periosteum could simulate the structural function of the periosteum and promote bone repair. This strategy may provide a promising method for the clinical treatment of skull bone defects.

18.
Front Neurol ; 13: 930542, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35903115

RESUMO

Background: Posterior canal-benign paroxysmal positional vertigo-cupulolithiasis (PC-BPPV-cu) is a new and controversial type of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). At present, there are few relevant clinical studies as to whether the Half Dix-Hallpike test (Half D-HT) induces more obvious nystagmus than the Dix Hallpike test (D-HT) and straight head hanging test (SHH) in patients with PC-BPPV-cu. Objectives: To investigate the clinical characteristics of PC-BPPV-cu, and analyze the diagnostic significance of the Dix-Hallpike test (D-HT), Half D-HT, and straight head hanging (SHH) test in these patients. Methods: A total of 46 patients with PC-BPPV-cu were enrolled, and divided into two groups (N = 23): a group A (induction order: D-HT, Half D-HT, SHH) and a group B (induction order: Half D-HT, D-HT, SHH). Results: Among 46 patients with PC-BPPV-cu, the bilateral and unilateral abnormality rates of the disease side were 5 cases and 41 cases, respectively. There were significant differences in the proportion of torsional-upbeating nystagmus and upbeating nystagmus among the three headhanging positions in 46 patients with PC-BPPV-cu (P < 0.001). The slow phase velocity (SPV) of induced nystagmus at half D-HT supine position was slower than D-HT supine position (P < 0.05) and SHH supine position (P < 0.05). The nystagmus latency of D-HT supine position was significantly shorter than half D-HT (P < 0.05) and SHH (P < 0.05). PC-BPPV-cu patients were accompanied by 53.5% semicircular canal paresis, 69.6% audiological abnormalities, 76% cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP), and 75% video head impulse test (vHIT) abnormalities, the concordance rates of the four detection methods were similar (χ2 = 0.243, P = 0.970). Conclusions: The Half D-HT is simple and feasible, but might have a risk of false-negative diagnoses of the torsional-upbeating nystagmus and upbeating nystagmus. The D-HT is still a classic induction method for PC-BPPV-cu. The two complement each other and may aid in the diagnosis of PC-BPPV-cu patients. Future clinical applications of Half D-HT require extensive research to determine its diagnostic efficacy.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(29): e29415, 2022 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35866831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitors (ARNI), sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i), soluble guanylate cyclase stimulators (sGCs), and the traditional golden triangle standard-of-care (SOC) are effective drugs for heart failure. We aimed to assess the efficacy of 4 interventions in these patients. METHODS: PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Embase, and Web of Science databases were electronically searched to collect randomized controlled trials of 3 novel drugs in the treatment of heart failure from inception to September 1st, 2021. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data, and assessed the risk bias of included studies. Stata 16.0 software was used for network meta-analysis. RESULTS: A total of 17 randomized controlled trial involving 38,088 patients were included. The results of network meta-analysis: in terms of heart failure rehospitalization rate, 3 novel drugs lower than SOC [ARNI (OR = 0.77, 95% CI: 0.71-0.83), SGLT2i (OR = 0.70, 95% CI: 0.63-0.77), sGCs (OR = 0.88, 95% CI: 0.78-0.99)], and SGLT2i was also lower than sGCs (OR = 0.79, 95% CI: 0.68-0.93). In terms of all-cause mortality, ARNI was lower than SOC (OR = 0.81, 95% CI: 0.66-0.99). In terms of cardiovascular mortality, ARNI and SGLT2i was lower than SOC (ARNI [OR = 0.80, 95% CI: 0.70-0.92], SGLT2i [OR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.76-0.99]). In terms of rates of cardiovascular death or heart failure rehospitalization, 3 novel drugs lower than SOC (ARNI [OR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.71-0.82], SGLT2i [OR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.70-0.82], sGCs [OR = 0.87, 95% CI: 0.78-0.97]). In terms of Kansas city cardiomyopathy questionnaire score, ARNI and SGLT2i was superior to SOC (ARNI [MD = 1.43, 95% CI: 0.43-2.42], SGLT2i [MD = 1.88, 95% CI: 1.12-2.65]). In terms of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide outcome indexes, SGLT2i was superior to SOC (MD = -134.63, 95% CI: -237.70 to -31.56). The results of Surface under the cumulative ranking sequencing: in terms of heart failure rehospitalization rate and rates of cardiovascular death or heart failure rehospitalization, the ranking was SGLT2i>ARNI>sGCs>SOC. in terms of all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality, the ranking was ARN>SGLT2i>sGCs>SOC. in terms of Kansas city cardiomyopathy questionnaire score and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide outcome indexes, the ranking was SGLT2i>ARN>SOC. CONCLUSIONS: The available evidence suggests that all 3 novel heart failure drugs can improve the prognosis of heart failure. ARNI may be the most effective in reducing mortality, SGLT2i may be the most effective in improving quality of life, while sGCs may be inferior to ARNI and SGLT2i.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/uso terapêutico , Metanálise em Rede , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Volume Sistólico
20.
Nanomicro Lett ; 14(1): 147, 2022 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35861886

RESUMO

Through tailoring interfacial chemistry, electrolyte engineering is a facile yet effective strategy for high-performance lithium (Li) metal batteries, where the solvation structure is critical for interfacial chemistry. Herein, the effect of electrostatic interaction on regulating an anion-rich solvation is firstly proposed. The moderate electrostatic interaction between anion and solvent promotes anion to enter the solvation sheath, inducing stable solid electrolyte interphase with fast Li+ transport kinetics on the anode. This as-designed electrolyte exhibits excellent compatibility with Li metal anode (a Li deposition/stripping Coulombic efficiency of 99.3%) and high-voltage LiCoO2 cathode. Consequently, the 50 µm-thin Li||high-loading LiCoO2 cells achieve significantly improved cycling performance under stringent conditions of high voltage over 4.5 V, lean electrolyte, and wide temperature range (- 20 to 60 °C). This work inspires a groundbreaking strategy to manipulate the solvation structure through regulating the interactions of solvent and anion for high-performance Li metal batteries.

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