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1.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(5): 360-365, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370464

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical and prognostic characteristics in patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangitis (EGPA). Methods: The clinical data of 146 EGPA patients hospitalized in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2000 to 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including clinical manifestations, laboratory results, treatment, complications and outcome at discharge. Birmingham Vasculitis activity score-V3 (BVAS-V3) was used to evaluate disease activity. Results: The ratio of male to female was 1.8∶1 with average age (41.7±16.1) year-old. The median time from disease onset to diagnosis was 18(6, 60) months (0.5~450). The most common clinical manifestations were lung [121(82.9%)] and nose/paranasal sinuses [119(81.5%)] involvement. The positive rate of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) was 24.7%, mainly peripheral (P)-ANCA/myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA. Compared with ANCA-negative patients, the ANCA-positive patients had a higher incidence of renal involvement and nervous system involvement (66.7% vs. 20.9%, 80.6% vs. 51.8%, P<0.001), fever and optic neuropathy (66.7% vs. 40.9%,8.3% vs. 0, P<0.05), more active disease [median BVAS-V3 25(18,30)vs. 19(14,24),P=0.001] and more elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate [40.5(20.5,82.8)mm/1h vs. 25.0(13.3,50.8)mm/1h,P=0.006] and C-reactive protein [37.1(11.8,72.9)mg/L vs.13.5(3.4,66.1)mg/L,P=0.036]. More ANCA-negative patients had pleural effusion (20.9% vs. 5.6%, P<0.04) compared with ANCA-negative patients. Pulmonary infection was the most common complication. A total of 12 EGPA patients (8.2%)achieved remission and 6 patients (4.1%)died or discharged themselves from the hospital. Conclusion: EGPA is a rare small vessel vasculitis. The clinical manifestations and outcomes are heterogenous. The mortality rate of EGPA is high.

2.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(2): 123-129, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135612

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the association between plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and the severity of coronary artery disease, and to evaluate the impact of HDL-C levels on long-term outcomes in patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 10 458 consecutive patients underwent PCI from January 2013 to December 2013 at Fuwai hospital were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into three groups according to HDL-C tertiles: low HDL-C group (HDL-C≤0.89 mmol/L, n=3 525), median HDL-C group (HDL-C>0.89-1.11 mmol/L, n=3 570) and high HDL-C group (HDL-C>1.11 mmol/L, n=3 363). SYNTAX score was used to evaluate the severity of coronary artery disease, linear regression was used to analyze the relationship of HDL-C and SYNTAX score. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the outcomes among the three groups. Multivariate Cox regression was used to define the potential associations of HDL-C and outcomes. Results: The HDL-C level was (1.03±0.28) mmol/L and the SYNTAX score was 11.7±8.1. Patients were older, proportion of female, stable angina pectoris, successful PCI and left ventricular eject fraction value were higher, while incidence of diabetes mellitus was lower, hyperlipidemia, old myocardial infraction, smoking history and left main and three vessels disease were lower in high HDL-C group (all P<0.05). Patients in high HDL-C group also had the lowest SYNTAX score (12.2±8.4 vs. 11.7±8.1 vs. 11.2±7.8, P<0.001). Both univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis showed that HDL-C was negatively associated with SYNTAX score, e.g. Univariate analysis: ß=-0.046, P<0.001; Multivariate analysis: ß=-0.058, P=0.001. And 10 400 (99.4%) patients completed 2-year follow up. At 2-year follow-up, there were no difference in all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) and stent thrombosis among three groups (P for trend>0.05), while patient in high HDL-C group experienced the highest BARC type 2 bleeding events (P for trend=0.018). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that HDL-C level was not an independent risk factor of 2-year adverse ischemia events (P>0.05) and 2-year bleeding events (P>0.05). Conclusion: In patients underwent PCI, plasma HDL-C level is negatively associated with SYNTAX score, but not an independent risk factor of ischemic and bleeding events post PCI.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(9): 679-684, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187911

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between admission mean platelet volume (MPV) and 2-year cardiac mortality in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and explored the consistence of this relationship in diabetes mellitus (DM) and non-DM subgroups. Method: A total of 4 293 patients who underwent PCI in Fuwai Hospital in 2013 were enrolled and divided into two groups according to MPV as follows: lower MPV (n=2 219, MPV≤10.5fL) and higher MPV (n=2 074, MPV>10.5fL). Result: Patients with high MPV had a higher rate of DM (30.4%(674/2 219) vs 34.5%(715/2 074)), smoking (53.3%(1 183/2219) vs 57.0%(1 182/2 074)), and previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (4.0%(88/2 219) vs 5.4%(112/2 074)), while left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (64±7 vs 63±7), and glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (92±14 vs 91±15) were lower compared with patients in the low MPV group (all P<0.05). In the laboratory examination, patients with high MPV had higher glycosylated hemoglobin, and lower platelet count (all P<0.05). In coronary angiography, there was no significant difference in SYNTAX scores, left main/three-vessel lesions, stent type, success rate of operation, and total stent length (all P>0.05). Compared with low MPV group, patients with high MPV had ahigher cardiac mortality [18 (0.9%) vs 5 (0.2%), P=0.004]. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that compared to low MPV group, cardiac mortality in high MPV group was significantly higher (Log-rank P=0.004). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that high MPV was independently associated with 2-year cardiac mortality (HR 4.127, 95%CI 1.373 to 12.405, P=0.012). Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis also showed that MPV had a good diagnostic value in predicting 2-year cardiac mortality (area under the curve=0.624, 95%CI: 0.511-0.738, P=0.04). Subgroup analysis showed that in patients with DM (HR 2.090, 95%CI 1.217-3.589, P=0.008) and male (HR 1.561, 95%CI 1.007-2.421, P=0.047), MPV was significantly related with cardiac mortality. Conclusion: In patients with stable CAD who underwent elective PCI, high MPV was independently associated with an increase in 2-year cardiac mortality, especially in patients with DM and male gender.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Volume Plaquetário Médio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
4.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(4): 303-308, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209197

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) for severe/refractory vasculo-Behcet's disease (BD). Method: The clinical data of severe/refractory vasculo-BD patients treated with anti-TNFα mAbs were retrospectively analyzed. Response of anti TNFα mAbs was analyzed. The dosage changes of glucocorticoid, the level of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) before and after treatment were recorded, as well as side effects. Result: Sixteen patients were enrolled. Arterial lesions were reported in 12 patients, including 9 with arterial aneurysm, 6 with arterial dilation, 2 with stenosis and 2 with occlusion. Seven patients presented venous thrombosis, including lower extremity veins (n=6), cerebral venous sinus (n=2) and inferior vena cava system (n=2). Two cases had both arterial and venous involvement. Before the application of TNFα mAbs, all 16 patients failed to response to prednisone or its equivalent dose of 40 (7.5-90) mg/d in combination with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, thalidomide or azathioprine for median 4 (0-156) months. After a mean duration of treatment for (17.1±6.5) months, 15 patients achieved complete remission and 1 patient achieved partial remission. Three patients received surgery without any postoperative complications. After using anti TNFα mAbs, the dosage of prednisone [5(0-12.5)mg/d vs. 40(7.5-90)mg/d, P<0.01], ESR [(7.3±4.6) mm/1h vs. (33.5±26.7) mm/1h, P<0.01] and hsCRP [1.9(0.2-11.4) mg/L vs. 24.3(0.4-113.9) mg/L, P<0.01] were significantly decreased. Side effects were observed in 2 patients. One developed pulmonary infection 12 months after adalimumab with conventional treatment. Another patient had allergy to infliximab then switched to adalimumab. Conclusion: In combination with corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, anti-TNF α mAbs are effective and well-tolerated in severe/refractory vasculo-BD, with a favorable steroid -sparing effect and rare postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adalimumab , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Esquema de Medicação , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Infliximab , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(12): 1144-1151, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31874530

RESUMO

Objective: Using previous total mesorectal excision with pelvic autonomic nerve preservation (PANP+TME) and simple total mesorectal excision (TME) without emphasis on retained nerves as control, we explore the advantages of nerve plane-oriented laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (NPO+LTME) on urinary and sexual function. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was carried out. Case inclusion criteria: (1) male patients with pathologically confirmed middle and low rectal adenocarcinoma (4 to 11 cm from the anus); (2) stage T1-2tumor; (3) normal sexual life before operation. Exclusion criteria: (1) no pathological diagnosis before surgery; (2) local recurrence or distant metastasis; (3) preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy; (4) opensurgery and laparoscopic surgery conversionto open; (5) no follow-up data. According to the above criteria, clinical data of 173 male patients with low and middle rectal adenocarcinoma who underwent radical operation for laparoscopic rectal cancer from July 2003 to July 2018 at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Wuhan University People's Hospital were collected. According to different surgical methods, patients were divided into TME group (58 cases), PANP+TME group (63 cases) and NPO+LTME group (52 cases). There were no significant differences in the baseline data including age, body mass index and pathological examination between the 3 groups (all P>0.05). The nerve plane referred to the nerve, the adipose tissue, the extremely finecapillaries around the nerve with overlying fine membranous tissue. NPO+LTME referred to the process of laparoscopic TME guided by the nerve plane, performing in the loose connective tissue between the nerve plane and the rectal properfascia, in order to ensure the integrity of the nerve plane, and maximally protect the patient's urinary and reproductive functions. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, urinary catheter removal time, urinary function grading, postoperative first erection time, and erectile function and ejaculation function were observed and compared among the 3 groups at 3- and 6-month after operation. Results: In the NPO+LTME group, the PANP+TME group and the TME group, the operation time was (181.9±24.5) minutes, (176.7±29.2) minutes and (137.7±16.2) minutes, respectively (F=54.868, P<0.001); the intraoperative blood lost was (6.0±1.4) ml, (6.5±1.8) ml and (12.8±4.6) ml, respectively (F=95.016, P<0.001); the time to postoperative removal of the catheter was (2.4±1.1) days, (3.7 ±1.7) days and (6.5±2.4) days, respectively (F=79.409, P<0.001); the first postoperative erection time was (1.6±0.6) days, (8.9±2.7) days and (15.9±6.8) days (F=177.677, P<0.001), respectively, whose differences were all statistically significant (all P<0.01). In comparison of urinary function grading, the proportion of grade I (normal function, no urinary dysfunction) in the NPO+LTME, the ANP+TME group and the TME group was 84.1% (53/63), 39.7% (23/58) and 19.2% (10/52), respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (H=52.915, P<0.001). At postoperative 3- and 6-month, proportion of patients with grade I erectile function (normal erectile function) was 77.8% (49/63) and 85.7% (54/63), 44.8% (26/58) and 53.4% (31/58), 28.8% (15/52) and 48.1% (25/52) in the NPO+LTME group, the PANP+TME group, and the TME group, respectively. The differences were statistically significant (H=91.709, P<0.001; H=79.692, P<0.001). The proportion of patients with grade I ejaculation function (with ejaculation, no abnormalities in routine semen examination before and after surgery) at 3- and 6-month after surgery in the NPO+LTME group, the PANP+TME group and the TME group was 82.5% (52/63) and 87.3% (55/63), 53.4% (31/58) and 60.3% (35/58), 28.8% (15/52) and 46.1% (24/52), respectively. The differences were statistically significant as well (H=86.543, P<0.001; H=78.667, P<0.001). Patients in the NPO+LTME group had no grade III erections and ejaculation disorders. Conclusion: The surgical procedure of NPO+LTME can promote the recovery of postoperative neurological function and preserve urination and sexual function better.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/prevenção & controle , Protectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/lesões , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/etiologia , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Mesentério/cirurgia , Pelve/inervação , Reto/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(42): 3328-3334, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715670

RESUMO

Objective: The authors aim to provide genetic counselling and prenatal gene diagnosis to the families with osteogenesis imperfecta(OI), based on the identification of pathogenetic mutations in large cohort genetic testing. Methods: DNA was extracted from the peripheral blood of parents of the fetuses, and from the villi tissue, amniotic fluid or cord blood of the fetuses using a standard sodium dodecyl sulfate-proteinase K-phenol/chloroform extraction method. PCR combined with Sanger DNA sequencing was performed to validate the pathogenic mutations of 200 fetuses at risk of OI and their parents from 158 families. Allelic analysis of microsatellite markers was applied to exclude the false positive caused by maternal DNA contamination, when both the fetus and the mother harbored the same pathogenic genotype. Results: A total of 83 affected fetuses (83/200, 41.5%) and 12 (12/200, 6.0%) recessive carriers were identified among the 200 fetuses. The 83 affected fetuses included 78 heterozygotes (45 of COL1A1, 32 of COL1A2, one of IFITM5), and 5 compound heterozygotes or homozygotes of recessive OI (two of FKBP10, one of SEC24D, one of WNT1 and one of CRTAP); The 12 recessive carriers included 7 of WNT1, 4 of SERPINF1 and one of SERPINH1. Maternal DNA contamination was excluded from the genomic DNA samples of OI fetuses when their mother with the same affected genotypes. Conclusion: In this study, the authors used an optimized gene diagnosis system of OI to perform prenatal genetic diagnosis to 200 fetuses at high risk of OI, and provided precisely genetic counselling to the OI families.


Assuntos
Osteogênese Imperfeita , Colágeno Tipo I , Feminino , Feto , Humanos , Mutação , Gravidez , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Proteínas de Ligação a Tacrolimo
8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623038

RESUMO

Objective:The results of the detection of the serum inhalant allergen in children with adenoid hypertrophy in Yantai were analyzed, and the common inhalant allergens and their distribution in the children with adenoid hypertrophy were found. Method:Serum inhaled allergen specific IgE(sIgE) was measured in 590 cases of adenoid hypertrophy from Nov 2017 to Oct 2018 by Symer allergen detection system, and stratified according to sex, age and visiting season. The distribution of inhaled allergens in serum of children with adenoid hypertrophy was described. Result:The positive rate of serum inhaled allergens in children with adenoid hypertrophy in Yantai area was 34.07%. Among them the most common inhaled allergens were dust mite(19.66%), dust mite(18.98%) and the mixed mold(17.97%). The positive degree of allergen in children with adenoid hypertrophy was mild(93 cases), moderate(88 cases), and severe(20 cases). 76 cases were positive for single allergens, 79 cases were positive for 2 allergens, and 56 cases were positive for three or more allergens. Stratified study showed that there was no significant difference in the positive rate of inhaled allergens between male and female children(P>0.05), but the positive rate of mixed mold and animal dandruff allergens in male children was higher than that in female children(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the positive rate of inhaled allergens between pre-school and school-age children(P>0.05), and there was no significant difference in the positive rate of inhaled allergens in different seasons(P>0.05). Conclusion:Dust mite, dust mite and mildew mixture were the most common inhaled allergens in children with adenoid hypertrophy in Yantai area. The positive degree of serum allergens in children with adenoid hypertrophy was mild to moderate, and most of the children were allergic to two kinds of allergens. Male children were more susceptible to mold mixing and animal dandruff. There was no significant difference in age and seasonal distribution of common inhaled allergens.


Assuntos
Tonsila Faríngea , Alérgenos/sangue , Hipersensibilidade/sangue , Animais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertrofia , Masculino , Pyroglyphidae
9.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(10): 798-805, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648462

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics and long-term prognosis between male and female patients with premature coronary artery disease (PCAD) post coronary intervention, and analyse the risk factors of major adverse cardio-cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and bleeding events. Methods: This was a prospective single-center observational study. From January 2013 to December 2013, 4 744 patients diagnosed as PCAD and treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled. The general clinical data, laboratory results and interventional treatment data of all patients were collected, and patients were followed up for 2 years after PCI and the incidence of events including MACCE and bleeding was analyzed. The baseline data and clinical events of PCAD patients of different genders were compared. Survival curves were estimated by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression were used to analyze whether gender was an influencing factor of different clinical events of PCAD patients within 2 years after PCI, and other relevant influencing factors of MACCE and bleeding events. Results: Among the 4 744 PCAD patients included, there were 3 390 (71.5%) male aged (47.0±5.4) years old and 1 354 (28.5%) female aged (57.0±5.8) years old. Compared with female patients, male patients had higher body mass index, higher proportion of hyperlipidemia, smoking, myocardial infarction, previous PCI, preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, radial artery approach, intravenous ultrasound use and chronic occlusive lesions (all P<0.05). Age, left ventricular ejection fraction, prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, past stroke history, non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and the use of calcium channel blockers were lower in male patients than in female patients (all P<0.05). The 2-year follow-up results showed that the incidence of BARC type 1 hemorrhage was significantly higher in female patients than in male patients (6.9%(92/1 343) vs. 3.7%(126/3 378), P<0.001); however, the incidence of MACCE, all-cause death, cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, revascularization (target vessel revascularization and target lesion revascularization), stent thrombosis, stroke and BARC type 2-5 hemorrhage were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that gender was an independent risk factor for BARC type 1 bleeding in PCAD patients (HR=2.180, 95%CI 1.392-3.416, P<0.001), but it was not an independent risk factor for MACCE and BARC type 2-5 bleeding(all P>0.05). Hyperlipidemia, preoperative SYNTAX score, multivessel lesions and NSTE-ACS were the independent risk factors for MACCE in PCAD patients with PCI (the HRs(95%CI) were 1.289(1.052-1.580), 1.030(1.019-1.042), 1.758(1.365-2.264), 1.264(1.040-1.537), respectively); gender (HR=1.579, 95%CI 1.085-2.297, P=0.017), hyperlipidemia (HR=1.305, 95%CI 1.005-1.695, P=0.046), anticoagulant drugs including low molecular weight heparin (HR=1.321, 95%CI 1.002-1.741, P=0.048) or sulfonate(HR=1.659, 95%CI 1.198-2.298, P=0.002) were the independent risk factors for bleeding events. Conclusions: There are differences in clinical and coronary artery lesion characteristics between different genders in patients with PCAD. The incidence of minor bleeding is significantly higher in female PCAD patients than in male PCAD patients. Hyperlipidemia, preoperative SYNTAX score, multivessel lesions and NSTE-ACS are the independent risk factors for MACCE, and gender, hyperlipidemia, anticoagulant drugs including low molecular weight heparin or sulfonate are the independent risk factors for bleeding events in patients with PCAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(34): 2701-2705, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505723

RESUMO

Objective: To established Apc(loxp/loxp)+Kras(LSL-G12D/-)+Smad4(loxp/loxp) transgenic mouse model that mimick the occurrence and development of human sporadic colorectal cancer(CRC) and its liver metastasis. Methods: C57BL/6-Apc(tm1Tyj)/J(Apc(loxP)), B6.129S4-Kras(tm4Tyj)/J(Kras(LSL-G12D)), 129S6-Smad4(tm2.1Cxd)/J(Smad4(loxP)) and C57BL/6J mice were crossed, and genotype with Apc(loxP/loxP)+Kras(LSL-G12D/-)and Apc(loxP/loxP)+Kras(LSL-G12D/-)+Smad4(loxP/loxP)were generated. Genotypes of the mice were identified by PCR and real-time quantitative PCR. The mice were divided into Apc(loxP/loxP)+Kras(LSL-G12D/-)+Smad4(loxP/loxP) group (n=20) and Apc(loxP/loxP)+Kras(LSL-G12D/-)group(n=24). Lentivirus expressing Cre enzyme and IRES-luciferase were injected into the submucosa of colon or rectum of the transgenic mice under colonoscopy. Intraabdominal injection of D-luciferase into mice every 4 weeks, imaging with small animal in vivo imaging system(IVIS). The tumor size, tumorigenesis rate and metastasis ratio were analyzed. At the end of the 20th week, the colorectal lesions and metastatic tissues of mice were stained with hematoxylin-eosin(HE) and the pathological changes were observed under microscope. Results: Apc(loxp/loxp)+Kras(LSL-G12D/-)+Smad4(loxp/loxp) and Apc(loxp/loxp)+Kras(LSL-G12D/-)transgenic mice were successfully bred. The colorectal stem cells of the transgenic mouse mutated leading tumor lesion and liver metastatic under the induction of Lentivirus(Cre-IRES-luciferase). The primary and metastatic foci of colorectal carcinoma and liver metastasis in mice were proved to be adenocarcinoma and liver metastatic carcinoma by histopathological examination. The primary tumor size inApc(loxP/loxP)+Kras(LSL-G12D/-)+Smad4(loxP/loxP) group and Apc(loxP/loxP)+Kras(LSL-G12D/-)group was(3.52±0.26) and(3.45±0.20)mm, respectively,without significant difference(t=0.872, P=0.388).The tumorigenesis rate was 70.0% and 50.0% respectively, and there was no significant difference between the two groups(χ(2)=0.440, P=0.507). The metastasis rate of two groups were 58.3% and 8.3%respectively(Fisher's exact test, P=0.027). Conclusions: In this study, the colorectal carcinogenesis and its spontaneously metastasis to the liver of CRC were induced by Lentivirus(Cre-IRES-luciferase) in our established transgenic mice,which successfully simulated the occurrence and development of human sporadic CRC and its liver metastasis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Animais , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(29): 2288-2292, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434404

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of ABO blood groups on long-term outcome of stable coronary artery disease (CAD) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 4 272 patients with stable coronary artery disease and received PCI were consecutively enrolled from January to December 2013 and followed up for 2 years. Patients were divided into O group and non-O group according to their ABO groups. Multivariable COX regression was used to evaluated the relationship between ABO blood groups and prognosis of CAD. The endpoints included all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction(MI), revascularization, and stroke. Results: There were 1 302 patients in O group and 2 970 patients in non-O group. ABO blood group was not associated with age, sex and blood pressure (P>0.05). The comorbidity rate of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, family history, previous MI, previous cerebrovascular disease, previous PCI and left ventricular ejection fraction were similar between the two groups (P>0.05). Total cholesterol, low density lipid cholesterol level were significantly higher in non-O group compared with O group [(4.2±1.1)mmol/L vs (4.1±1.1)mmol/L, P=0.027; (2.5±0.9)mmol/L vs (2.4±0.9) mmol/L, P=0.025], while high density lipid cholesterol level was significantly lower[(1.04±0.26) mmol/L vs (1.06±0.28) mmol/L, P=0.035]. As to angiographic results, non-O blood group was not related to the severity of coronary atherosclerosis assessed by SYNTAX score(P=0.277). More cardiac death occurred in non-O group compared with that in O group [21 (0.7%) vs 2(0.1%)] during 2-year follow-up. After adjusted for confounding factors, multivariable COX regression revealed that non-O blood type was not associated with increased cardiac death [HR (95%CI)=7.30(0.97-55.09), P=0.054]. Conclusion: Non-O blood group is associated with 2-year cardiac death in patients with stable coronary artery disease who received PCI, but it is not an independent risk factor for cardiac death.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Antígenos de Grupos Sanguíneos , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(12): 5176-5186, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298369

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Gastric cancer (GC) is a common malignancy. Recent studies have suggested that microRNAs are crucial factors in tumorigenesis. Thus, we investigated the effect of miR-378 on GC metastasis and further explored the underlying mechanism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was carried out to measure the miR-378 expressions in GC and adjacent normal tissue samples. MiR-378 expressions in human GC cells were determined using qRT-PCR and Western blots. Moreover, transwell assays were conducted to measure the invasion and migration capacities of GC cells. Additionally, the regulating effects on BMP2 by miR-378 were assessed by luciferase reporter assays and western blots. Western blot was also carried out to observe the protein expressions of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related genes. RESULTS:  MiR-378 expressions in GC tissues were downregulated. In the meantime, reduced miR-378 expression was associated with poor prognosis and malignant clinicopathologic features of GC patients. MiR-378 overexpression repressed GC cell invasion, migration and EMT. Furthermore, BMP2 was a direct target of miR-378 and implicated in miR-378-mediated suppressive functions in GC invasion, migration and EMT. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that miR-378 served as a tumor suppressor in GC via modulating BMP2, suggesting that miR-378/BMP2 axis might be therapeutic targets and promising biomarkers for GC treatment.

13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(22): 1698-1702, 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216814

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of the heparin-binding protein (HBP), procalcitonin (PCT) and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score in ventilator-associated pneµmonia (VAP). Methods: A total of 160 patients who required tracheotomy or intubation and assisted breathing with invasive mechanical ventilator from the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2015 to January 2017 was included in this prospective study,and divided into VAP group and no-VAP group based on if VAP happened or not; the VAP group was further divided into deterioration group and improvement group based on the curative effect after anti-infective treatment for 1 week. A total of 40 community acquired pneumonia (CAP) patients and 30 healthy volunteers were also included as control groups. The levels of HBP and PCT in blood of the subjects were tested with enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA) and chemiluminescence immunoassay (ECLIA) respectively, APACHE Ⅱ score was utilized to assess the severity of illness. The difference of HBP, PCT levels and APACHE Ⅱ score among the groups were analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was utilized to analyze the diagnostic value of HBP, PCT, APACHE Ⅱ score in VAP. Results: A total of 230 subjects participated in this study, including 68 VAP patients, 92 non-VAP patients, 40 CAP patients and 30 healthy volunteers. Before administration of mechanical ventilation, there were no statistically significant differences in HBP, PCT and APACHE Ⅱ score between VAP group and non-VAP group (all P>0.05). The levels of HBP,PCT and APACHE Ⅱ score were (41.4±21.3) µg/L,(0.355±0.254) µg/L,(13.4±2.5) respectively when the VAP was diagnosed,which were higher than those within the first 12 h of mechanical ventilation (7.3±2.7) µg/L, (0.080±0.038) µg/L, (8.4±2.0), all P<0.001). The HBP, PCT and APACHE Ⅱ score had no significant difference between within the first 12 h of mechanical ventilation and after mechanical ventilation in non-VAP group (all P>0.05). The levels of HBP was positively correlated with PCT and APACHE Ⅱ score (r=0.82, 0.68, all P<0.001). In deterioration group,the HBP,PCT and APACHE Ⅱ score after 1 week of anti-infective treatment were higher than those when the VAP was diagnosed (all P<0.001). No matter it is when the VAP was diagnosed or after anti-infective treatment for 1 week,the levels of HBP, PCT and APACHE Ⅱ score in deterioration group were higher than those in the improvement group (all P<0.001). The area under curve (AUC) of HBP+APACHE Ⅱ score, PCT+APACHE Ⅱ score for VAP diagnosis was 0.98, 0.95 respectively. The sensitivity of HBP+APACHE Ⅱ score in the diagnosis of VAP was lower than PCT+APACHE Ⅱ score (94.1% vs 95.6%),and the specificity was higher (92.4% vs 82.6%). Conclusion: The diagnostic value of HBP+APACHE Ⅱ score for early VAP is superior to PCT+APACHE Ⅱ score.


Assuntos
Pneumonia Associada à Ventilação Mecânica , APACHE , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos , Proteínas Sanguíneas , Calcitonina , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina , Proteínas de Transporte , Humanos , Pró-Calcitonina , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Precursores de Proteínas
15.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(4): 297-304, 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060189

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the prognostic value of the thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) and global registry of acute coronary events (GRACE) risk scores for in-hospital mortality in Chinese non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients. Methods: Data of present study derived from the prospective, multi-center registry trial of Chinese AMI (CAMI). Among 31 provinces, municipalities or autonomous districts in China, at least one tertiary and secondary hospital was selected. From January 2013 to September 2014, 5 896 consecutive non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients who were admitted to 107 hospitals within 7 days of symptom onset were enrolled. For each patient, TIMI and GRACE risk scores were calculated using specific variables collected at admission. Their prognostic value was evaluated by the endpoint of in-hospital mortality. Results: Among 5 896 NSTEMI patients (age was (65.4±12.1) years old), 68.2% (n=4 020) were males. The in-hospital mortality was 6.0% (n=353) and the median length of hospital stay was 10.0 (7.0, 13.0) days. The incidence of pre-hospital cardiac arrest was 3.6% (n=213) among 5 896 NSTEMI patients. Six hundreds and forty five patients (10.9%) received primary percutaneous coronary intervention, and 6 patients underwent emergent coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (0.1%), and the median time of reperfusion was 529.5 (256.0, 1 065.0) minutes. The prescription percentage of statins, ß-blocker, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin Ⅱ receptor blockers, and aldosterone antagonists were 94.8% (n=5 587), 71.7% (n=4 228), 65.5% (n=3 864) and 26.0% (n=1 533) respectively. The area under the curve of GRACE risk score for in-hospital mortality (0.7930 (95%CI 0.767-0.818)) was better than that of TIMI risk score (0.5588 (95%CI 0.532-0.586), P<0.001). Conclusion: GRACE risk score demonstrates better predictive accuracy than TIMI risk score for in-hospital mortality in NSTEMI patients in this patient cohort.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Hospitalar , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Medição de Risco , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros
16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(7): 2898-2907, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002165

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long non-coding RNAs are an emerging special class of regulatory RNAs with more than 200 nucleotides that play vital roles in gene regulation, metabolism, drug resistance, cell differentiation, and other processes. These RNAs were also reported to be dysregulated in human disease, especially malignant tumors. However, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. HOXD cluster antisense RNA 1 (HOXD-AS1), a recently discovered long non-coding RNA, is overexpressed in many cancers. We now review recent advances in understanding the function, role, regulation, and oncogenic properties of HOXD-AS1. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review in PubMed of HOXD-AS1 and cancer-related articles in English, published until June 2018, was conducted. RESULTS: The literature suggests that HOXD-AS1 is an oncogene that regulates diverse physiological and cellular processes such as proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion, metastasis, chemoresistance, epithelial to mesenchymal transition, and stem cell formation by interacting with various regulatory proteins and sequestering several microRNAs such as miR-608, miR-130a, and miR-217. CONCLUSIONS: HOXD-AS1 may be a prognostic biomarker and potential therapeutic target for various tumor diagnosis and treatment.

17.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(2): 108-116, 2019 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30818938

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the safety and impact of short-term anticoagulant therapy on prognosis after selective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: From January 2013 to December 2013, 9 769 consecutive patients underwent selective PCI in Fuwai Hospital were retrospectively included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups, including non-post-PCI anticoagulant therapy group and low-dose and short-time post-PCI anticoagulant therapy group (enoxaparin 0.4 ml/12 h or fondaparinux 2.5 mg/day by subcutaneous injection for 2-3 days after PCI). All patients were evaluated at 30 days, 180 days and 12 months for major adverse coronary and cerebral events (MACCE) including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, revascularization and stroke as well as in-stent thrombosis and bleeding events. Data from 1 755 pairs of patients were analysis after propensity score matching. The clinical outcomes were compared between groups by using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis before and after propensity score matching. Multivariable Cox analysis was used to define the impact and determinants of post-PCI anticoagulation on clinical outcomes. Results: one thousand seven hundred and fifty-five (18.0%) patients didn't receive post-PCI anticoagulation and 8 014 (82.0%) patients received post-PCI anticoagulation, 5 666 (58.0%) patients received enoxaparin and 2 348 (24.0%) patients received fondaparinux. Patients were younger and incidence of female patients was less, incidence of renal dysfunction and acute coronary syndrome were higher in low-dose and short-time post-PCI anticoagulant therapy group than in non-post-PCI anticoagulation group (all P<0.05). Similarly, patients with post-PCI anticoagulation were associated with more left main coronary artery lesion and branch lesion (P<0.05). Post-PCI anticoagulation patients were associated with less trans-femoral process, more drug-eluting stents implantation and less simple balloon dilatation (all P<0.05). Nine thousand seven hundred and seventeen (99.5%) patients completed 2 years follow up. Post-PCI anticoagulation patients had significantly lower 30-day all-cause death (0.05% (4 cases) vs. 0.46% (8 cases), P<0.001) and stroke (0 vs. 0.11% (2 cases), P=0.003), lower 180-day all-cause death (0.17% (14 cases) vs. 0.57% (10 cases), P=0.002), revascularization (2.07% (166 cases) vs. 3.71% (65 cases), P<0.001) and MACCE (3.49% (280 cases) vs. 5.47% (96 cases), P<0.001), lower 2-year revascularization (7.61% (610 cases) vs. 12.84% (225 cases), P<0.001) and MACCE (10.92 (875 cases) vs. 16.01% (281 cases), P<0.001). Multivariable Cox regression analysis showed that post-PCI anticoagulant therapy was an independent protective factor of 30-day (HR=0.17, 95%CI 0.05-0.62, P=0.007), 180-day all-cause death (HR=0.37, 95%CI 0.16-0.87, P=0.023) and MACCE (HR=0.74, 95%CI 0.58-0.94, P=0.013), 2-year MACCE (HR=0.71, 95%CI 0.62-0.81, P<0.001). After propensity score matching, post-PCI anticoagulation therapy remained as an independent protective factor of 30-day all-cause death (HR=0.11, 95%CI 0.01-0.92, P=0.042) and 2-year MACCE (HR=0.81, 95%CI 0.68-0.96, P=0.015). Conclusions: Low-dose and short-time post-PCI anticoagulant therapy may decrease 30-day all-cause death, 180-day all-cause death and MACCE and 2-year MACCE, and meanwhile this option does not increase bleeding risk in patients underwent selective PCI.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(1): 34-41, 2019 Jan 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30669808

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of coronary lesion calcification on the long-term outcome of patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention. Methods: In this prospective observational study, a total of 10 119 consecutive patients with coronary heart disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention from January 1 to December 31, 2 103 in our hospital were enrolled. The patients were divided into non/mild calcification group (8 268 cases) and moderate/severe calcification group (1 851 cases) according to the angiographic results. The primary endpoint was one-year major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, and target vessel revascularization. Results: The patients were (58.3±10.3) years old, and there were 2 355 females (23.3%). Compared with non/mild calcification group, patients in the moderate/severe calcification group were older ((60.0±10.6) years vs. (57.9±10.2) years, P<0.01), and had higher proportion of female (25.4% (470/1 851) vs. 22.8% (1 885/8 268), P=0.02), debates (33.9% (628/1 851) vs. 29.0% (2 399/8 268), P<0.01), hypertension (68.0% (1 259/1 851) vs. 63.7% (5 264/8 268), P<0.01), coronary artery bypass grafting (4.6% (85/1 851) vs. 3.2% (268/8 268), P<0.01), stroke (12.6% (233/1 851) vs. 10.4% (861/8 268), P=0.01), and renal dysfunction (6.2% (115/1 851) vs. 3.7% (303/8 268), P<0.01). Compared with non/mild calcification group, patients in themoderate/severe calcification group experienced longer procedure time (37 (24, 61) min vs. 27 (17,40) min, P<0.01) and stent length was longer (32 (23,48) mm vs. 27 (18,38) mm, P<0.01), and percent of rotational atherectomy was higher (2.56%(57/2 229) vs. 0.03% (3/11 930), P<0.01). One-year follow-up results showed that MACE (7.5% (139/1 846) vs. 4.9% (402/8 243), P<0.01), all-cause death (1.0% (19/1 846) vs. 0.6% (49/8 243), P=0.04), myocardial infarction (2.2% (41/1 846) vs. 1.4% (114/8 243), P=0.01), and target vessel revascularization (5.0% (92/1 846) vs. 3.2% (266/8 243), P<0.01) were all significantly higher in moderate/severe calcification group than in non/mild group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that moderate/severe calcification was an independent predictor of MACE at one-year after the procedure (HR=1.41, 95%CI 1.16-1.72, P<0.01). Conclusion: Moderate/severe calcification in coronary lesion is an independent predictor of long-term poor prognosis in coronary heart disease patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.


Assuntos
Calcinose , Cardiomiopatias , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(1): 42-48, 2019 Jan 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30669809

RESUMO

Objective: Patients with acute coronary syndrome due to multivessel disease (MVD) were at the highest risk of adverse cardiovascular events. Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) was proposed as a marker of cardiovascular risk. Present study evaluated the independent predictive value of NLR for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with MVD. Methods: AMI patients with MVD (n=1 433) underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between January 2013 and December 2013 were followed up for 2 years. Patients were divided into 2 sub-groups based on an optimal cut off value of NLR to predict 2-year all-cause mortality. The primary endpoint was all-cause death. The secondary endpoint was long-term major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE). Results: By receiver operating characteristics curve analysis, the optimal cut-off value of admission NLR to predict 2-year all-cause mortality was 3.39 (area under the curve 0.765, sensitivity 71%, specificity 73%). The high NLR group(n=396) had higher prevalence of prior myocardial infarction, prior PCI and intra-aortic balloon pump use (IABP)(P<0.01). Compared to the low NLR group (n=1 037), patients in the high NLR group were older, had higher level of neutrophil count and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (P<0.001), but lower level of lymphocyte count, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and ejection fraction (P<0.001). During the follow-up period, rate of long-term all-cause death was significantly higher in the high NLR group than in the low NLR group (5.1% (20/396) vs. 0.8% (8/1 037), P<0.001). Cardiac death (4.0% (16/396) vs. 0.7% (7/1 037), P<0.001) and MACCE (21.7% (86/396) vs. 12.6% (131/1 037), P<0.001) were also significantly higher in the high NLR group than in the low NLR group. Multivariate Cox analysis showed that NLR ≥ 3.39 was determined as an independent predictor of 2-year all-cause mortality (HR=3.23, 95%CI 1.38-7.54, P=0.007) and MACCE (HR=1.58, 95%CI 1.19-2.10, P=0.002) in this patient cohort after adjusting for other risk factors. Correlation analysis showed that the NLR was positively correlated with hs-CRP levels (r=0.241, P<0.001). Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that admission NLR ≥ 3.39 is an independent predictor of long term all cause death and MACCE in AMI patients with MVD post PCI.


Assuntos
Linfócitos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Neutrófilos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico
20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 98(45): 3666-3671, 2018 Dec 04.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30526776

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of beta-blockers on long-term outcomes in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) with adequate left ventricular ejection function (LVEF). Methods: A total of 3 946 consecutive SCAD patiens who underwent PCI with adequate LVEF between January and December 2013 in Fuwai Hospital were prospectively included in this study. According to beta-blocker use at discharge, patients were divided into no-beta-blocker group (n=309) and beta-blocker group (n=3 637). Major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) including all-cause death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke and stent thrombosis at 2 years were compared between the two groups. Multivariate Cox regression analysis and Propensity-score matched analysis were used to identify independent risk factors of poor prognosis. Results: Compared with those in the beta-blocker group, patients of no-beta-blocker group were more likely to have lower body mass index, less complex comorbidities, slower heart rate either on admission or at discharge. There was no significant association of beta-blocker use with 2-year mortality (0.8% versus 1.3%, hazard ratio (HR) 0.65, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.23 to 1.86, P=0.421), myocardial infarction ( HR 0.66, 95% CI 0.24 to 2.64, P=0.718) or MACCE (HR 0.70, 95% CI 0.65 to 1.32, P=0.674). Results were similar in propensity score-matched analysis. Conclusions: In this large, prospective, single-center study, patients with beta-blocker prescription appear to have more risk factors. No beta-blockers at discharge is not an independent risk factor of poor prognosis at up to 2 years among stable patients who underwent PCI with adequate LVEF.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
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