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1.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(6): 586-592, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34126726

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the acute and long-term outcome of patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) concurrent with chronic total occlusion (CTO) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: 11 905 STEMI patients from the China Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry were enrolled in this study and divided into CTO group and non-CTO group according to the angiography results of primary PCI. 1∶3 propensity score matching was used to match the patients between the two groups. The primary endpoint was in-hospital mortality and mortality at 1-year post PCI. The secondary endpoint was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) including death, re-myocardial infarction, revascularization, heart failure associated readmission, stroke and major bleeding at 1-year post PCI. Results: There were 931 CTO patients (7.8%) in this cohort (male=755 (81.1%), mean age (62.2±11.4 years)). The rest 10 974 patients were STEMI without CTO (male=8 829 (80.5%),mean age (60.0±11.8) years). After propensity score matching, 896 patients were enrolled in CTO group and 2 688 in non-CTO group. In-hospital mortality was significantly higher in the CTO group than in non-CTO group (4.2% vs. 2.4%, P=0.006). The ratio of all cause death, cardiac death, and MACE at 1-year follow up was also significantly higher in the CTO group than in non-CTO group (8.5% vs. 4.4%, P<0.001, 5.3% vs. 2.6%, P=0.001, 35.1% vs. 23.3%, P<0.001, respectively). Multiple regression analysis showed that CTO (HR=1.54, 95%CI 1.06-2.22, P=0.022), advanced age (HR=1.06, 95%CI 1.04-1.08, P<0.001), and previous heart failure history (HR=4.10, 95%CI 1.90-8.83, P<0.001) were independent risk factors of 1-year mortality. Conclusions: The in-hospital and 1-year mortality increased significantly in STEMI patients concurrent with CTO. CTO, advanced age and history of heart failure are independent risk factors of 1-year death among STEMI patients.


Assuntos
Oclusão Coronária , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Idoso , China , Doença Crônica , Oclusão Coronária/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; : 9603271211003314, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832334

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) is a commonly used plasticizer in consumer products and medical devices. It is also suspected to exacerbate the development of fatty liver. However, the mechanisms underlying excessive lipid synthesis and its deposition in the liver are yet to be identified. This study was aimed to evaluate the molecular mechanisms of hepatic lipid accumulation in adult male offspring after perinatal exposure to DEHP. METHOD: Corn oil and DEHP (0.75 mg/kg/day) were administered once per day to dam from gestation day 6 to postnatal day (PND) 21 by oral gavage. After the weaning period, DEHP treated male pups were categorized into early life stage- and lifelong period group. Male rats both control and early life stage group administered corn oil, and lifelong period group administered DEHP from PND 22 to 70. Histological examination and triglyceride (TG) levels in the liver were analyzed. Expressions of transcription factors associated with lipid accumulation in the liver were analyzed. RESULTS: Both early life stage- and lifelong period group, hepatic TG levels, and mRNA and protein expression of diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) were significantly higher than control (TG: all p < 0.05, mRNA & protein: p < 0.05 and p < 0.001, respectively). The average body weight from PND 35 to 63, and mRNA and protein expression of sterol regulatory element binding protein 1c in lifelong period group were significantly lower than control (all p < 0.05); however, alanine transaminase were significantly higher than control (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Perinatal exposure to DEHP may induce the hepatic lipid accumulation through up-regulation of DGAT1 expression.

3.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(4): 244-250, 2021 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902235

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the feasibility and safety of fetal intravascular transfusion via the intrahepatic vein in the treatment of fetal anemia. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of all fetuses requiring intrauterine transfusion (IUT) in the Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital between January 2010 and December 2019. According to the different ways of IUT, they were divided into intrahepatic venous transfusion group and umbilical venous transfusion group, fetal outcomes and the incidence of procedure-related complications between the two groups were compared. Results: A total of 97 IUTs were performed on 48 fetuses. Among them, 16 cases were performed in the intrahepatic vein (31 transfusions), 32 cases were performed in the cord of the umbilical vein (66 transfusions).There were no significant differences between the two groups in age, labor history and the proportion of fetal hydrops before the first transfusion. In the intrahepatic venous transfusion group, the posterior placenta was 14/16, which was significantly higher than 78% (25/32) in the umbilical venous transfusion group (P<0.01). The live-birth rates of the two groups were 13/16 and 75% (24/32). There was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). Before intrahepatic venous transfusion, the proportion of fetal hydrops was significantly higher than that of umbilical venous transfusion [55% (17/31) vs 24% (16/66), P<0.05]. Puncture success rate of intrahepatic venous transfusion and umbilical venous transfusion were both 100%. In the umbilical venous transfasion group, the incidence of needle slippage (5%, 3/66) and the abnormality of fetal heart rate (11%, 7/66) were higher than those in the intrahepatic venous transfasion group [0 and 3% (1/31)], but there were no significant differences between the two groups (all P>0.05). There were no cases of fetal loss within 24 hours, premature rupture of membranes, infection within 7 days and emergency cesarean section after IUT in both groups. Conclusions: Fetal intravascular transfusion via the intrahepatic vein is safe and feasible in the treatment of fetal anemia. But the requirements of puncture technique are relatively high, so it is recommended to be carried out in experienced fetal treatment center.


Assuntos
Anemia , Transfusão de Sangue Intrauterina , Cesárea , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33730805

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect of perioperative airway management based on the concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) on the improvement of preoperative pulmonary function in patients with aspirin intolerance triad (AIT). Methods: Thirty patients with AIT (including 13 males and 17 females, aged from 29 to 75 years old) for sinus surgery from January 2018 to December 2019 were selected, 172 patients (including 105 males and 67 females, aged from 17 to 83 years old) with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) without lower airway disease were selected by random number table at the same period, and their clinical data and preoperative pulmonary function were analyzed and compared retrospectively. FEV1%pred<80% after bronchodilation test was considered as high risk for surgery. Preoperative evaluation and standardized drug intervention were applied in patients with pulmonary function abnormalities at risk for surgery, and improvement of preoperative pulmonary function and tolerability to general anesthesia surgery in the two groups were evaluated. All the statistical analyses were conducted using SPSS 22.0. Results: The main pulmonary function indexes (FEV1%pred, FEV1/FVC%pred, FEF50%pred, FEF75%pred, MMEF%pred) in AIT group decreased significantly than those in CRSwNP group (t values were 10.882, 10.506, 9.141, 10.182, 9.099, respectively, all P<0.001). At admission 86.7% (26/30) patients in the AIT group and 11.6% (20/172) patients in CRSwNP group had high surgical risk for lung function, with significantly difference (χ2 = 81.788, P<0.05); after 3 days with individualized drug intervention, 57.7% (15/26) patients in AIT group reached the standard for surgery, which was significantly less than 90.0% (18/20) patients in CRSwNP group (χ²=4.335,P<0.05); and after 6 days with drug intervention, the patients who reached the standard for surgery in pulmonary function accounted for 92.3% (24/26) in the AIT group and 100% (20/20) in the CRSwNP group. FEV1%pred in the two groups before surgery were significantly improved compared with those at admission respectively ((90.00±6.32)% vs. (64.79±13.60)%,t value was 10.110 in AIT group; (91.65±11.86)% vs. (76.40±9.35)%, t value was 9.346 in CRSwNP group; all P<0.05), and also FEV1/FVC%pred, FEF50%pred, FEF75%pred and MMEF%pred were all significantly improved (all P<0.05). Surgery was completed successfully in the two groups of patients with lung function meeting the surgical standard, and no intraoperative or postoperative airway adverse events occurred. Conclusion: AIT patients have high airway risk for sinus surgery due to poor pulmonary function. Standardized airway management based on the concept of ERAS can improve the pulmonary function of patients, and decrease the incidence of perioperative airway adverse events.


Assuntos
Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Manuseio das Vias Aéreas , Aspirina , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(4): 388-392, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33765713

RESUMO

One 51 years old man was admitted to the rheumatology department with a history of prominent eyes, headache and blurred vision for half year. The main manifestations included retrobulbar inflammatory pseudotumor and retroperitoneal fibrosis. He was initially diagnosed as granulomatosis with polyangiitis. Prednisone and cyclophosphamide were administrated and effective. New mass of dura mater and osteosclerosis presented during follow up. Finally Erdheim Chester disease(ECD) was diagnosed by biopsy and pathological examination. Vemurafenib, a v-raf murine sarcoma viral oncogenes homolog B1 (BRAF) inhibitor, 480 mg was given twice a day. The patient's condition is stable and still in follow-up. Although ECD is a rare histiocytosis, clinicians should pay attention to its manifestations and differential diagnoses.


Assuntos
Doença de Erdheim-Chester , Animais , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Doença de Erdheim-Chester/diagnóstico , Cefaleia , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Vemurafenib
7.
Mol Biol (Mosk) ; 54(6): 1037-1045, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33276367

RESUMO

Brassica campestris L. is the important oil-bearing crop in China. Rapeseed cake is the main byproduct of rapeseed oil extraction. As the main active ingredient in rapeseed cake, sinapine has several important biological activities. Therefore, the inhibitory activity of sinapine on tyrosinase in vitro and its free radical-scavenging rate were determined. Tyrosinase activity in A-375 human melanocytes was also investigated and the effects of sinapine on the melanin content and its antioxidant effects on melanin biosynthesis were studied. The results showed that sinapine had significant antioxidant activity. Sinapine significantly inhibited A-375 human melanocytes in a dose-dependent manner. Sinapine inhibited melanin synthesis in A-375 cells by downregulating the mRNA and protein expression of TRP-1, TRP-2, and MITF factors. The results showed that rapeseed cake sinapine inhibited melanin production and could be used as a potential active ingredient in the development of whitening agents.

8.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(12): 823-829, 2020 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33355756

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the perioperative maternal complications of twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) after fetolascopic laser photocoagulation (FLP). Methods: A retrospective study was conducted among 182 cases with TTTS received FLP in Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Hospital from January 2010 to December 2018. The types, incidence and related factors of perioperative maternal complications as well as the changes of maternal laboratory parameters before and after FLP were analyzed. Results: The age of 182 TTTS pregnant women was (29.8±3.9) years old, body mass index (BMI) before pregnancy was (21.3±2.9) kg/m2. The median gestational week of FLP treatment was 22.0 weeks, the preoperative cervical length was (34.1±9.0) mm, and the median preoperative maximum vertical pocket was 12.0 cm. During the perioperative period of FLP treatment, 22 cases (12.1%, 22/182) presented maternal complications, among which 4 cases (2.2%, 4/182) presented severe postoperative maternal complications, including 3 cases of pulmonary edema and 1 case of pulmonary embolism accompanied with right cardiac insufficiency. There were 18 cases (9.9%, 18/182) of common maternal complications during the perioperative period, including 6 cases (3.3%, 6/182) of intraoperative hemorrhage, 5 cases (2.7%, 5/182) of intraoperative amniotic fluid leakage into the pelvic cavity, 5 cases (2.7%, 5/182) of premature rupture of membrane 72 hours after the operation, 1 case (0.5%, 1/182) of inevitable abortion, and 1 case (0.5%, 1/182) of infection. The analysis of related risk factors found that maternal complications were only related to BMI before pregnancy, and the BMI of TTTS pregnant women with complications was lower than that of those without complications, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). The hemoglobin level, hematocrit and albumin level of TTTS pregnant women were significantly decreased at 4-6 hours and 24 hours after FLP respectively, compared with those before surgery (P<0.01), and there were no significant correlations with the amount of amniodrainage during surgery (P>0.05 for all). Conclusions: The overall incidence of perioperative maternal complications in the treatment of TTTS by FLP is not high, among which the serious complications mainly include pulmonary edema and pulmonary embolism. Timely correction of maternal hemodilution that may occur in TTTS pregnant women could achieve a good prognosis after FLP.


Assuntos
Ruptura Prematura de Membranas Fetais/etiologia , Transfusão Feto-Fetal , Fetoscopia/métodos , Fotocoagulação a Laser/métodos , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Transfusão Feto-Fetal/cirurgia , Fetoscopia/efeitos adversos , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Fotocoagulação a Laser/efeitos adversos , Lasers , Masculino , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(18): 9400-9407, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33015781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the expression of long non-coding ribonucleic acid HEIH (lncRNA-HEIH) in gastric cancer (GC) tissues, and to investigate its effects on the proliferation, apoptosis and invasion of HGC-27 cells. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 80 tissue samples were collected from patients diagnosed with GC in Shenzhen People's Hospital. Meanwhile, para-carcinoma tissues were enrolled as normal controls (Control group). Total RNA was extracted from tissues, and the expression of lncRNA-HEIH was detected via quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). HGC-27 cells were cultured and transfected with small-interfering RNA-HEIH (si-HEIH group). At 48 h after transfection, cell proliferation, apoptosis and invasion were detected via methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and transwell assay, respectively. RESULTS: (1) Compared with Control group, the expression of lncRNA-HEIH rose significantly in GC tissues (p<0.01). (2) The expression of lncRNA-HEIH in HGC-27 cells was significantly down-regulated in si-HEIH group compared with si-NC group (p<0.01). (3) Compared with those in si-NC group, the proliferation of HGC-27 cells was suppressed (p<0.05), while the apoptosis of HGC-27 cells was promoted (p<0.01) in si-HEIH group. (4) The invasion of HGC-27 cells was remarkably inhibited in Si-HEIH group than si-NC group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA-HEIH is highly expressed in GC patients, which affects the proliferation, apoptosis and invasion of GC HGC-27 cells.

12.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(8): 655-660, 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32847321

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the related factors of premature acute myocardial infarction(AMI), and to compare the the long-term outcomes in patients with and without premature AMI after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: This study was a prospective cohort study.From January 2013 to December 2013, 10 724 consecutive patients with coronary heart disease undergoing PCI in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled. Among them 1 920 patients with the diagnosis of AMI were divided into two groups: premature AMI (man≤50 years old, woman≤60 years old) and non-premature AMI. The baseline characteristics were collected, and multivariate logistic regression was uesed to analysis the related factors of premature AMI. The clinical outcomes, including the major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events(MACCE) which was the composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke and stent thrombosis, as well as bleeding events, during hospitalization, at 2 years and 5 years follow-up were analyzed. Results: A total of 1 920 AMI patiens were included(age was (56.5±11.3) years old),with 1 612(84.0%) males. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in gender, body mass index, blood lipid, complications, inflammatory markers, etc (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed body mass index(OR=1.06, 95%CI 1.01-1.10, P<0.01), triglyceride(OR=1.47, 95%CI 1.14-1.90, P<0.01), serum uric acid level(OR=1.02, 95%CI 1.01-1.04, P<0.01), high density lipoprotein cholesterol level(OR=0.33, 95%CI 0.14-0.78, P=0.01) and history of hypertension(OR=0.72, 95%CI 0.56-0.93, P=0.01) were independent related factors of premature AMI. The incidence of all-cause death and cardiac death were lower during hospitalization, at 2 years and 5 years follow-up in the premature AMI group than in non-premature AMI group(all P<0.05). In the premature AMI group, the incidence of MACCE and stroke was lower, with more bleeding events in 5 years follow-up(all P<0.05). Conclusions: Metabolic abnormalities, including high BMI, high triglyceride level and high serum uric acid, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level are the related factor of premature AMI. The incidence of ischemic events in patients with premature AMI is lower, while the incidence of bleeding events is higher than non-premature AMI patients.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Ácido Úrico
13.
BJOG ; 127(12): 1548-1556, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32633022

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe differences in outcomes between pregnant women with and without coronavirus dsease 2019 (COVID-19). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of pregnant women consecutively admitted for delivery, and universally tested via nasopharyngeal (NP) swab for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. All infants of mothers with COVID-19 underwent SARS-CoV-2 testing. SETTING: Three New York City hospitals. POPULATION: Pregnant women >20 weeks of gestation admitted for delivery. METHODS: Data were stratified by SARS-CoV-2 result and symptomatic status, and were summarised using parametric and nonparametric tests. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prevalence and outcomes of maternal COVID-19, obstetric outcomes, neonatal SARS-CoV-2, placental pathology. RESULTS: Of 675 women admitted for delivery, 10.4% were positive for SARS-CoV-2, of whom 78.6% were asymptomatic. We observed differences in sociodemographics and comorbidities among women with symptomatic COVID-10 versus asymptomatic COVID-19 versus no COVID-19. Caesarean delivery rates were 46.7% in symptomatic COVID-19, 45.5% in asymptomatic COVID-19 and 30.9% in women without COVID-19 (P = 0.044). Postpartum complications (fever, hypoxia, readmission) occurred in 12.9% of women with COVID-19 versus 4.5% of women without COVID-19 (P < 0.001). No woman required mechanical ventilation, and no maternal deaths occurred. Among 71 infants tested, none were positive for SARS-CoV-2. Placental pathology demonstrated increased frequency of fetal vascular malperfusion, indicative of thrombi in fetal vessels, in women with COVID-19 versus women without COVID-19 (48.3% versus 11.3%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Among pregnant women with COVID-19 at delivery, we observed increased caesarean delivery rates and increased frequency of maternal complications in the postpartum period. Additionally, intraplacental thrombi may have maternal and fetal implications for COVID-19 remote from delivery. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: COVID-19 at delivery: more caesarean deliveries, postpartum complications and intraplacental thrombi.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Cesárea , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Cidade de Nova Iorque , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Gravidez
15.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(6): 520-524, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32486559

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the end criteria of forced vital capacity(FVC) curve in adults. Methods: A multicenter cross-sectional study was performed in Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, the First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, and the Third Affiliated Hospital of Inner Mongolia Medical University from January 2017 to August 2017. A consecutive sample of subjects who completed the spirometry test and FVC curves met end criteria of no volume change (<0.025 L) for ≥ 1 s were qualified in this study. Subjects were divided into a normal group (n=610), an obstructive group (n=536), and a restrictive group(n=306) according to pulmonary function test results. The FET values in different groups were compared. The side effects in the 3 groups and the diagnostic accuracy, specificity and security of different FET in the obstructive group were assessed. Results: The FET values of the normal group, the obstructive group, and the restricted group were (4.00±1.07) s, (8.08±1.56) s and (2.97±0.76) s respectively, and the 95% CI of FET in the 3 groups were between 3.88-4.12 s, 7.02-10.14 and 2.21- 3.73 s (F=2 263.80, P<0.01). When the exhalation platform was used as the standard of FVC curve, the adverse reaction rate in the normal group and the restricted group were 1.1% and 1.3% respectively, lower than the rate of 17.2% in the obstructive group (χ(2)=92.73, χ(2)=48.49 respectively; all P<0.05). In the obstructive group, 7 s as the ending criterion had similar incidence of adverse reactions to 6 s (χ(2)=0.01, P=0.93). With further extension of expiration time, the incidence of adverse reactions increased significantly. In the obstructive group, the sensitivity of FEV(1)/FEV(7) was 99.25%, higher than that at FEV(1)/FEV(6) (χ(2)=4.06, P=0.04), and the specificity of diagnosis was very similar and 100%. Conclusions: FET was variable in subjects with different lung function status. It is not appropriate to use a fixed FET≥ 6 s as the end criterion of spirometry for adults. For patients with normal lung function or restrictive lung function defect, exhalation platform should be used as the end of exhalation standard. For patients with obstructive lung function defect, an FET of up to 7 s is appropriate.


Assuntos
Espirometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Capacidade Pulmonar Total/fisiologia , Capacidade Vital/fisiologia , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(21): 1623-1628, 2020 Jun 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32486596

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of metabolic syndrome (MS) and its individual components on long-term prognosis of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI). Methods: Patients who underwent PCI in Fuwai Hospital in 2013 were enrolled and divided to two groups: with MS and without MS. The primary endpoint of 2-year follow-up was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), including death, myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization. Results: Of the 10 422 PCI patients, there were 5 656 (54.27%) without MS and 4 766 (45.73%) with MS. Patients in the MS group were younger, tended to be male and had more comorbidities. There were no significant differences between the two groups in the proportion of drug-coated stents and the success rate of interventional therapy. The 2-year follow-up showed that the incidence of MACE in the MS group was significantly higher than that in the MS-free group (12.0% vs 10.0%, P<0.001), which was mainly due to the significantly higher revascularization rate in the MS group than in the non-MS group (9.5% vs 7.9%, P=0.003). Cox's regression analysis showed that MS was an independent risk factor for MACE. In MS component analysis, abnormal glucose metabolism was an independent risk factor for MACE events. Conclusions: Among the patients undergoing PCI, the incidence of MACE in patients with MS is significantly higher than that in patients without MS, and MS was an independent risk factor for MACE. In addition, hyperglycemia is an independent predictor for MACE.


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Stents Farmacológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(5): 360-365, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370464

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical and prognostic characteristics in patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangitis (EGPA). Methods: The clinical data of 146 EGPA patients hospitalized in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2000 to 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including clinical manifestations, laboratory results, treatment, complications and outcome at discharge. Birmingham Vasculitis activity score-V3 (BVAS-V3) was used to evaluate disease activity. Results: The ratio of male to female was 1.8∶1 with average age (41.7±16.1) year-old. The median time from disease onset to diagnosis was 18(6, 60) months (0.5~450). The most common clinical manifestations were lung [121(82.9%)] and nose/paranasal sinuses [119(81.5%)] involvement. The positive rate of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) was 24.7%, mainly peripheral (P)-ANCA/myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA. Compared with ANCA-negative patients, the ANCA-positive patients had a higher incidence of renal involvement and nervous system involvement (66.7% vs. 20.9%, 80.6% vs. 51.8%, P<0.001), fever and optic neuropathy (66.7% vs. 40.9%,8.3% vs. 0, P<0.05), more active disease [median BVAS-V3 25(18,30)vs. 19(14,24),P=0.001] and more elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate [40.5(20.5,82.8)mm/1h vs. 25.0(13.3,50.8)mm/1h,P=0.006] and C-reactive protein [37.1(11.8,72.9)mg/L vs.13.5(3.4,66.1)mg/L,P=0.036]. More ANCA-negative patients had pleural effusion (20.9% vs. 5.6%, P<0.04) compared with ANCA-negative patients. Pulmonary infection was the most common complication. A total of 12 EGPA patients (8.2%)achieved remission and 6 patients (4.1%)died or discharged themselves from the hospital. Conclusion: EGPA is a rare small vessel vasculitis. The clinical manifestations and outcomes are heterogenous. The mortality rate of EGPA is high.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/sangue , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/diagnóstico , Adulto , Eosinófilos , Feminino , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peroxidase , Derrame Pleural , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(9): 679-684, 2020 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187911

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the relationship between admission mean platelet volume (MPV) and 2-year cardiac mortality in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and explored the consistence of this relationship in diabetes mellitus (DM) and non-DM subgroups. Method: A total of 4 293 patients who underwent PCI in Fuwai Hospital in 2013 were enrolled and divided into two groups according to MPV as follows: lower MPV (n=2 219, MPV≤10.5fL) and higher MPV (n=2 074, MPV>10.5fL). Result: Patients with high MPV had a higher rate of DM (30.4%(674/2 219) vs 34.5%(715/2 074)), smoking (53.3%(1 183/2219) vs 57.0%(1 182/2 074)), and previous coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (4.0%(88/2 219) vs 5.4%(112/2 074)), while left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (64±7 vs 63±7), and glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (92±14 vs 91±15) were lower compared with patients in the low MPV group (all P<0.05). In the laboratory examination, patients with high MPV had higher glycosylated hemoglobin, and lower platelet count (all P<0.05). In coronary angiography, there was no significant difference in SYNTAX scores, left main/three-vessel lesions, stent type, success rate of operation, and total stent length (all P>0.05). Compared with low MPV group, patients with high MPV had ahigher cardiac mortality [18 (0.9%) vs 5 (0.2%), P=0.004]. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that compared to low MPV group, cardiac mortality in high MPV group was significantly higher (Log-rank P=0.004). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that high MPV was independently associated with 2-year cardiac mortality (HR 4.127, 95%CI 1.373 to 12.405, P=0.012). Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis also showed that MPV had a good diagnostic value in predicting 2-year cardiac mortality (area under the curve=0.624, 95%CI: 0.511-0.738, P=0.04). Subgroup analysis showed that in patients with DM (HR 2.090, 95%CI 1.217-3.589, P=0.008) and male (HR 1.561, 95%CI 1.007-2.421, P=0.047), MPV was significantly related with cardiac mortality. Conclusion: In patients with stable CAD who underwent elective PCI, high MPV was independently associated with an increase in 2-year cardiac mortality, especially in patients with DM and male gender.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Volume Plaquetário Médio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume Sistólico , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
19.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(2): 123-129, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135612

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the association between plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and the severity of coronary artery disease, and to evaluate the impact of HDL-C levels on long-term outcomes in patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: A total of 10 458 consecutive patients underwent PCI from January 2013 to December 2013 at Fuwai hospital were enrolled in this study. Patients were divided into three groups according to HDL-C tertiles: low HDL-C group (HDL-C≤0.89 mmol/L, n=3 525), median HDL-C group (HDL-C>0.89-1.11 mmol/L, n=3 570) and high HDL-C group (HDL-C>1.11 mmol/L, n=3 363). SYNTAX score was used to evaluate the severity of coronary artery disease, linear regression was used to analyze the relationship of HDL-C and SYNTAX score. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the outcomes among the three groups. Multivariate Cox regression was used to define the potential associations of HDL-C and outcomes. Results: The HDL-C level was (1.03±0.28) mmol/L and the SYNTAX score was 11.7±8.1. Patients were older, proportion of female, stable angina pectoris, successful PCI and left ventricular eject fraction value were higher, while incidence of diabetes mellitus was lower, hyperlipidemia, old myocardial infraction, smoking history and left main and three vessels disease were lower in high HDL-C group (all P<0.05). Patients in high HDL-C group also had the lowest SYNTAX score (12.2±8.4 vs. 11.7±8.1 vs. 11.2±7.8, P<0.001). Both univariate and multivariate linear regression analysis showed that HDL-C was negatively associated with SYNTAX score, e.g. Univariate analysis: ß=-0.046, P<0.001; Multivariate analysis: ß=-0.058, P=0.001. And 10 400 (99.4%) patients completed 2-year follow up. At 2-year follow-up, there were no difference in all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebral events (MACCE) and stent thrombosis among three groups (P for trend>0.05), while patient in high HDL-C group experienced the highest BARC type 2 bleeding events (P for trend=0.018). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that HDL-C level was not an independent risk factor of 2-year adverse ischemia events (P>0.05) and 2-year bleeding events (P>0.05). Conclusion: In patients underwent PCI, plasma HDL-C level is negatively associated with SYNTAX score, but not an independent risk factor of ischemic and bleeding events post PCI.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(4): 303-308, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209197

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) for severe/refractory vasculo-Behcet's disease (BD). Method: The clinical data of severe/refractory vasculo-BD patients treated with anti-TNFα mAbs were retrospectively analyzed. Response of anti TNFα mAbs was analyzed. The dosage changes of glucocorticoid, the level of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hsCRP) before and after treatment were recorded, as well as side effects. Result: Sixteen patients were enrolled. Arterial lesions were reported in 12 patients, including 9 with arterial aneurysm, 6 with arterial dilation, 2 with stenosis and 2 with occlusion. Seven patients presented venous thrombosis, including lower extremity veins (n=6), cerebral venous sinus (n=2) and inferior vena cava system (n=2). Two cases had both arterial and venous involvement. Before the application of TNFα mAbs, all 16 patients failed to response to prednisone or its equivalent dose of 40 (7.5-90) mg/d in combination with cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, thalidomide or azathioprine for median 4 (0-156) months. After a mean duration of treatment for (17.1±6.5) months, 15 patients achieved complete remission and 1 patient achieved partial remission. Three patients received surgery without any postoperative complications. After using anti TNFα mAbs, the dosage of prednisone [5(0-12.5)mg/d vs. 40(7.5-90)mg/d, P<0.01], ESR [(7.3±4.6) mm/1h vs. (33.5±26.7) mm/1h, P<0.01] and hsCRP [1.9(0.2-11.4) mg/L vs. 24.3(0.4-113.9) mg/L, P<0.01] were significantly decreased. Side effects were observed in 2 patients. One developed pulmonary infection 12 months after adalimumab with conventional treatment. Another patient had allergy to infliximab then switched to adalimumab. Conclusion: In combination with corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, anti-TNF α mAbs are effective and well-tolerated in severe/refractory vasculo-BD, with a favorable steroid -sparing effect and rare postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Síndrome de Behçet/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Adalimumab , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Síndrome de Behçet/diagnóstico , Esquema de Medicação , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Infliximab , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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