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1.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(1)2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35009003

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), the most common cause of chronic liver disease, consists of fat deposited (steatosis) in the liver due to causes besides excessive alcohol use. The folding activity of heat shock protein 60 (HSP60) has been shown to protect mitochondria from proteotoxicity under various types of stress. In this study, we investigated whether HSP60 could ameliorate experimental high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity and hepatitis and explored the potential mechanism in mice. The results uncovered that HSP60 gain not only alleviated HFD-induced body weight gain, fat accumulation, and hepatocellular steatosis, but also glucose tolerance and insulin resistance according to intraperitoneal glucose tolerance testing and insulin tolerance testing in HSP60 transgenic (HSP60Tg) compared to wild-type (WT) mice by HFD. Furthermore, overexpression of HSP60 in the HFD group resulted in inhibited release of mitochondrial dsRNA (mt-dsRNA) compared to WT mice. In addition, overexpression of HSP60 also inhibited the activation of toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3), melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5), and phosphorylated-interferon regulatory factor 3 (p-IRF3), as well as inflammatory biomarkers such as mRNA of il-1ß and il-6 expression in the liver in response to HFD. The in vitro study also confirmed that the addition of HSP-60 mimics in HepG2 cells led to upregulated expression level of HSP60 and restricted release of mt-dsRNA, as well as downregulated expression levels of TLR3, MDA5, and pIRF3. This study provides novel insight into a hepatoprotective effect, whereby HSP60 inhibits the release of dsRNA to repress the TLR3/MDA5/pIRF3 pathway in the context of NAFLD or hepatic inflammation. Therefore, HSP60 may serve as a possible therapeutic target for improving NAFLD.

2.
Food Chem ; 366: 130576, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348222

RESUMO

Cinnamon oil is obtained by steam distillation from cinnamon leaves and is usually considered highly cost-effective compared to bark oil, however, which results in tons of waste cinnamon leaves (WCL) discarded annually. By using MS/MS molecular networking (MN) assisted profiling, six main chemical diversities including flavonols and flavones, phenolic acids, lactones, terpenoids, phenylpropanoids and flavanols were rapid revealed from WCL aqueous extract. 101 compounds were tentatively identified by assigning their MS/MS fragments within typical pathways under ESI-MS/MS dissociation. The featured phenolic acids, terpenoids and their glycosides in cinnamon species were recognized as the main constituents of WCL. The hydrophilic lactones, lignans and flavanols were reported for the first time in cinnamon leaves. Furthermore, ABTS and FRAP assays integrated with MN analysis were conducted to uncover an antioxidant fraction, from which 40 potential antioxidant compounds were rapidly annotated. This fundamental information will help expand the utilization of WCL from cinnamon oil industry.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Cinnamomum zeylanicum , Cromatografia Líquida , Extratos Vegetais , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
3.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 11(11)2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34829381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a form of febrile vasculitis that primarily occurs in children. It can cause inflammation of the coronary arteries, which leads to aneurysms. The pathogenesis of coronary arteries may be associated with apoptosis or pyroptosis mediated by caspases activity, but this idea has not been discussed much in KD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 236 participants in this study. In the Affymetrix GeneChip® Human Transcriptome Array 2.0 study, there were 18 KD patients analyzed prior to receiving intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment, at least 3 weeks after IVIG treatment, and 36 non-KD control subjects. We also recruited 24 KD patients prior to receiving IVIG treatment, at least 3 weeks after IVIG treatment, and 24 non-KD control subjects for Illumina HumanMethylation450 BeadChip study. A separate cohort of 134 subjects was analyzed to validate real-time quantitative PCR. RESULTS: The mRNA levels of caspase-1, -3, -4, and -5 were significantly increased in KD patients compared with control subjects (p < 0.05). After administration of IVIG, the expression of these genes decreased considerably. Of particular note, the methylation status of the CpG sites of the caspase-4 and -5 genes demonstrated significant opposite tendencies between the KD patients and controls. Furthermore, compared with patients who responded to IVIG, refractory KD patients had a lower expression of the caspase-3 gene prior to IVIG treatment. CONCLUSION: Our study is the first to report the upregulation of pyroptotic caspase-1, -4, and -5 in peripheral leukocytes of KD patients. Moreover, the expression of caspase-3 may be associated with IVIG resistance in KD.

4.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 20080, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635717

RESUMO

Phosphate has been linked to higher cardiovascular (CV) risk. However, whether phosphate is associated with poor outcomes for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) remained undetermined. 2,894 CAD patients (2,220 male, aged 71.6 ± 12.2), who received PCI at TVGH from 2006 to 2015, with phosphate measurement, were enrolled. The primary outcome was the composite of major adverse CV events [MACE, comprising of CV death, nonfatal MI, and nonfatal stroke] and heart failure hospitalization (HHF). The key secondary outcome was MACE. There was a J-curve association between phosphate and CV events after adjusted for comorbidities and renal function. Phosphate around 3.2 ± 0.1 mg/dL was associated with the lowest CV risk. In Cox analysis, each 1 mg/dL increases in phosphate was associated with a higher risk of MACE + HHF (HR: 1.12, 95% CI: 1.05-1.21): CV death (HR: 1.37, 95% CI: 1.22-1.55) and HHF (HR: 1.12, 95% CI: 1.02-1.23). Subgroup analyses showed more prominent association between phosphate and MACE + HHF in male, age > 65, bare-metal stents (BMSs), LVEF < 50%, eGFR < 60, LDL > 70 mg/dL, and emergent PCI. Phosphate has a significant association with the risk of CV events in CAD patients undergoing PCI that was independent of comorbidities and renal function.

5.
BMC Med Imaging ; 21(1): 160, 2021 10 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhancement profiles of the pulmonary artery (PA) and aorta differ when using computed tomography (CT) angiography. Our aim was to determine the optimal CT protocol for a one-time CT scan that assesses both blood vessels. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled 101 cases of CT angiography in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism or aortic dissection from our center between 2018 and 2020. We also retrospectively collected the data of 40 patients who underwent traditional two-time CT scans between 2015 and 2018. Patients were divided into four groups: test bolus (TB) I, TB II, bolus-tracking (BT) I, and BT II. The enhancement of the PA and aorta, and the radiation doses used in the four groups were collected. Those who underwent two-time scans were classified into the traditional PA or aorta scan groups. Data were compared between the BT and traditional groups. RESULTS: The aortic enhancement was highest in BT II (294.78 ± 64.48 HU) followed BT I (285.18 ± 64.99 HU), TB II (186.58 ± 57.53 HU), and TB I (173.62 ± 69.70 HU). The radiation dose used was lowest in BT I (11.85 ± 5.55 mSv) and BT II (9.07 ± 3.44 mSv) compared with that used in the traditional groups (20.07 ± 7.78 mSv) and accounted for half of the traditional group (45.17-59.02%). The aortic enhancement was also highest in BT II (294.78 ± 64.48 HU) followed by BT I (285.18 ± 64.99 HU) when compared with that in the traditional aorta scan group (234.95 ± 94.18 HU). CONCLUSION: Our CT protocol with a BT technique allows for a lower radiation dose and better image quality of the PA and aorta than those obtained using traditional CT scans. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT04832633, retrospectively registered in April 2021 to the clinical trial registry.

6.
Children (Basel) ; 8(10)2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682104

RESUMO

This study investigated the relationship between exposure to general anesthesia (GA) and the risk of cognitive and mental disorders. This study has thus investigated the relationships between exposure to GA before the age of 3 and subsequent cognitive and mental disorders in a national-wide research sample. We obtained our subjects from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan, which was based on the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM). Children in the hospital aged less than 3 years old were included if there was GA exposure or not during the period of year 1997 to 2008. Cox proportional hazard regression models adjusted for potential confounding factors were used to estimate the relative magnitude of the risk associated with GA exposure. The cohort contained 2261 subjects with GA and 4522 children without GA as a comparison group. GA exposure group had a higher rate of developmental delay than in the without GA group (hazard ratio 1.46, p < 0.0001). There was no significant difference in the overall incidence of ADHD, autism and intellectual disability between the GA-exposed group and the comparison cohort. In conclusion, this study reported that children exposed to GA early before the age of three had a small association with increased risk of development delay thereafter.

7.
Biomolecules ; 11(9)2021 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34572494

RESUMO

CIL-102 (1-[4-(furo[2,3-b]quinolin-4-ylamino) phenyl]ethanone) is a major active agent of Camptotheca acuminata's alkaloid derivative, and its anti-tumorigenic activity, a valuable biological property of the agent, has been reported in many types of cancer. In this study, we researched the novel CIL-102-induced protein for either the induction of cell apoptosis or the inhibition of cell migration/invasiveness in colorectal cancer cells (CRC) and their molecular mechanism. Firstly, our data showed that CIL-102 treatment not only increased the cytotoxicity of cells and the production of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), but it also decreased cell migration and invasiveness in DLD-1 cells. In addition, many cellular death-related proteins (cleavage caspase 9, cleavage caspase 3, Bcl-2, and TNFR1 and TRAIL) and JNK MAPK/p300 pathways were increased in a time-dependent manner. Using the proteomic approach with a MALDI-TOF-TOF analysis, CIL-102-regulated differentially expressed proteins were identified, including eight downregulated and 11 upregulated proteins. Among them, upregulated Endoplasmic Reticulum resident Protein 29 (ERP29) and Fumarate Hydratase (FUMH) by CIL-102 were blocked by the inhibition of ROS production, JNK activity, and p300/CBP (CREB binding protein) signaling pathways. Importantly, the knockdown of ERP29 and FUMH expression by shRNA abolished the inhibition of cell migration and invasion by CIL-102 in DLD-1 cells. Together, our findings demonstrate that ERP29 and FUMH were upregulated by CIL102 via ROS production, JNK activity, and p300/CBP pathways, and that they were involved in the inhibition of the aggressive status of colorectal cancer cells.

8.
Children (Basel) ; 8(8)2021 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34438515

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kawasaki disease (KD) is a syndrome of unknown cause that results in high fever and coronary vasculitis in children. The incidence of KD increased in Taiwan over the past few decades. Taiwanese government executed domains of early screening, effective methods for isolation or quarantine, and digital technologies for identifying potential cases for the early elimination strategy for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and public health interventions for the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) or COVID-19 pandemic, leading to an effective reduction of the risk of airway infections in children. The purpose of this study is to analyze whether those public health interventions reduce the incidence of KD in 2020. METHODS: Patients with KD who visited Chang Gung Memorial Hospital (CGMH) between 1 January, 2018, and 31 December, 2020 were included for trend analysis. This is a retrospective case series study conducted at the CGMH, which consists of a network of seven hospital branches equipped with more than 10,000 beds in different areas of Taiwan. RESULTS: Compared with the 2018 and 2019 databases, the incidence of KD decreased significantly by 30% and 31%, respectively (p < 0.05) in 2020, when public health interventions were comprehensively implemented in Taiwan. This result shows that the incidence of KD decreased during the COVID-19 pandemic in Taiwan without change of the presentation KD (typical or incomplete) and percentage of IVIG resistance in 2020. CONCLUSION: As public health interventions were carried out for the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, the incidence of KD was significantly reduced in Taiwan. Is KD a preventable disease?

9.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 23(8): 1622-1630, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263995

RESUMO

Hypertension is a frequent manifestation of chronic kidney disease but the ideal blood pressure (BP) target in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) (eGFR < 15 ml/min/1.73m2 ) still unclear. The authors aimed to investigate the ideal achieved BP in ESRD patients with CAD after coronary intervention. Five hundred and seventy-five ESRD patients who had undergone percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) were enrolled and their clinical outcomes were analyzed according to the category of systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP) achieved. The clinical outcomes included major cardiovascular events (MACE) and MACE plus hospitalization for congestive heart failure (total cardiovascular (CV) event).The mean systolic BP was 135.0 ± 24.7 mm Hg and the mean diastolic BP was 70.7 ± 13.1 mm Hg. Systolic BP 140-149 mm Hg and diastolic BP 80-89 mm Hg had the lowest MACE (11.0%; 13.2%) and total CV event (23.3%; 21.1%). Patients with systolic BP < 120 mm Hg had a higher risk of MACE (HR: 2.01; 95% CI: 1.17-3.46, p = .008) than those with systolic BP 140-149 mm Hg. Patients with systolic BP ≥ 160 mm Hg (HR: 1.84; 95% CI, 3.27-1.04, p = .04) and diastolic blood BP ≥ 90 mm Hg (HR: 2.19; 95% CI: 1.15-4.16, p = .02) had a higher risk of total CV event rate when compared to those with systolic BP 140-149 mm Hg and diastolic BP 80-89 mm Hg. A J-shaped association between systolic (140-149 mm Hg) and diastolic (80-89 mm Hg) BP and decreased cardiovascular events for CAD was found in patients with ESRD after undergoing PCI in non-Western population.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Hipertensão , Falência Renal Crônica , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Pressão Sanguínea , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Fatores de Risco
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(11)2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34206143

RESUMO

Primary liver cancer accounts for the third most deadly type of malignant tumor globally, and approximately 80% of the cases are hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which highly relies on the activity of hypoxia responsive pathways to bolster its metastatic behaviors. MicroRNA-29a (MIR29A) has been shown to exert a hepatoprotective effect on hepatocellular damage and liver fibrosis induced by cholestasis and diet stress, while its clinical and biological role on the activity hypoxia responsive genes including LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA remains unclear. TCGA datasets were retrieved to confirm the differential expression and prognostic significance of all genes in the HCC and normal tissue. The Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) dataset was used to corroborate the differential expression and diagnostic value of MIR29A. The bioinformatic identification were conducted to examine the interaction of MIR29A with LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA. The suppressive activity of MIR29A on LOX, LOXL2, and VEGF was verified by qPCR, immunoblotting, and luciferase. The effect of overexpression of MIR29A-3p mimics in vitro on apoptosis markers (caspase-9, -3, and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)); cell viability and wound healing performance were examined using immunoblot and a WST-1 assay and a wound healing assay, respectively. The HCC tissue presented low expression of MIR29A, yet high expression of LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA as compared to normal control. Serum MIR29A of HCC patients showed decreased levels as compared to that of normal control, with an area under curve (AUC) of 0.751 of a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Low expression of MIR29A and high expression of LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA indicated poor overall survival (OS). MIR29A-3p was shown to target the 3'UTR of LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA. Overexpression of MIR29A-3p mimic in HepG2 cells led to downregulated gene and protein expression levels of LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA, wherein luciferase reporter assay confirmed that MIR29A-3p exerts the inhibitory activity via directly binding to the 3'UTR of LOX and VEGFA. Furthermore, overexpression of MIR29A-3p mimic induced the activity of caspase-9 and -3 and PARP, while it inhibited the cell viability and wound healing performance. Collectively, this study provides novel insight into a clinical-applicable panel consisting of MIR29, LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA and demonstrates an anti-HCC effect of MIR29A via comprehensively suppressing the expression of LOX, LOXL2, and VEGFA, paving the way to a prospective theragnostic approach for HCC.


Assuntos
Aminoácido Oxirredutases/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteína-Lisina 6-Oxidase/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais/genética
11.
Food Funct ; 12(8): 3455-3468, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900313

RESUMO

Erinacine S, the new bioactive diterpenoid compound isolated from the ethanol extract of the mycelia of Hericium erinaceus, displays great health-promoting properties. However, the effects of erinacine S on inductive apoptosis in cancer cells such as gastric cancer and its molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Our results demonstrated that erinacine S treatment significantly induces cell apoptosis with increased ROS production in gastric cancer cells, but not in normal cells. Significantly, erinacine S also showed its inhibitory effects on tumor growth in an in vivo xenograft mouse model. Furthermore, immunohistochemical analyses revealed that erinacine S treatment significantly increases the FasL and TRAIL protein, whereas it decreases the levels of PCNA and cyclin D1 in the gastric cancer xenograft mice. Consistently, in AGS cells, erinacine S treatment not only triggers the activation of extrinsic apoptosis pathways (TRAIL, Fas-L and caspase-8, -9, -3), but it also suppresses the expression of the anti-apoptotic molecules Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL in a time-dependent manner. In addition, erinacine S also causes cell cycle G1 arrest by the inactivation of CDKs/cyclins. Moreover, our data revealed that activation of the ROS-derived and AKT/FAK/PAK1 pathways is involved in the erinacine S-mediated transcriptional activation of Fas-L and TRAIL through H3K4 trimethylation on their promoters. Together, this study sheds light on the anticancer effects of erinacine S on gastric cancer and its molecular mechanism in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Micélio , Sesterterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Epigênese Genética , Humanos , Masculino , Metilação , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Fitoterapia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico
12.
J Pers Med ; 11(3)2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33803804

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains one of the most lethal human cancer globally. For advanced HCC, curable plan for advanced HCC is yet to be established, and the prognosis remains poor. The detail mechanisms underlying the progression of HCC tumorigenicity and the corruption of tumor microenvironment (TME) is complex and inconclusive. A growing body of studies demonstrate microRNAs (miRs) are important regulators in the tumorigenicity and TME development. Notably, mounting evidences indicate miR-29a play a crucial role in exerting hepatoprotective effect on various types of stress and involved in the progression of HCC, which elucidates their potential theragnostic implications. In this review, we reviewed the advanced insights into the detail mechanisms by which miR-29a dictates carcinogenesis, epigenetic program, and metabolic adaptation, and implicated in the sponging activity of competitive endogenous RNAs (ceRNA) and the TME components in the scenario of HCC. Furthermore, we highlighted its clinical significance in diagnosis and prognosis, as well as the emerging therapeutics centered on the activation of miR-29a.

13.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 84(6): 596-605, 2021 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33871387

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lifestyle modification is suggested for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), but the impact of adherence to a healthy lifestyle remains undetermined. The aim of this study is to investigate the association of adherence to a healthy lifestyle with future outcomes and biochemical markers in CAD patients. METHODS: The Biosignature CAD study examined 716 CAD patients who underwent a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Information was collected on whether these patients adhered to a healthier lifestyle after PCI, including healthy diet, not smoking, and exercise. The clinical outcomes included major cardiovascular events and unplanned revascularization procedures, hospitalization for refractory or unstable angina, and other causes. RESULTS: The average follow-up period was 26.8 ± 8.1 months, during which 175 (24.4%) patients experienced at least one event. The combination of healthy lifestyle factors was associated with lower risk, and the maximum risk reduction reached 50% (hazard ratio: 0.50, 95% confidence interval: 0.25-0.99). As the number of healthy lifestyle factors increased, there were decreases in inflammatory markers, C-reactive protein, waist circumference, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (p < 0.05). The benefits of modifiable healthy lifestyle factors were especially observed in the younger population, males, patients with HDL <40 mg/dL, those with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, and those receiving statin therapy. CONCLUSION: Adherence to a healthy lifestyle is independently associated with a lower risk of future adverse events in CAD patients and plays an important role in secondary prevention in the era of interventional cardiology.

14.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 264: 113322, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871236

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The genus Melastoma consists of approximately 100 species distributed widely in tropical and subtropical countries, and Melastoma species are often used for medicinal purposes, such as treatment for bleeding, diarrhea, diabetes, and gynecological tumors by local people, mostly in Southeast Asian countries. AIM OF THE REVIEW: The present review summarizes the traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of species belonging to Melastoma to suggest further research strategies and to facilitate the exploitation of the therapeutic potential of Melastoma species for the treatment of human disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information related to the traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological activities was systematically collected by searching for the word "Melastoma" in electronic databases, including SciFinder, Web of Science, PubMed, and Google Scholar, from Apr. 1968 until Dec. 2019. RESULTS: A systematic literature survey revealed that Melastoma spp. are widely distributed in southern Asia to northern Oceania and the Pacific Islands and are traditionally used to treat bleeding, diarrhea, swelling, and gynecological tumors. Approximately 142 compounds, including flavonoids, tannins, phenylpropanoids, organic acids, terpenoids, and steroids, have been reported from Melastoma spp. Different extracts have been evaluated for their pharmacological activities, including anti-inflammatory, hemostatic, anticoagulant, cytotoxic, antibacterial, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, gastroprotective and hypoglycemic activities. CONCLUSIONS: Melastoma spp. are popularly used in Southeast Asian countries as effective herbs and are rich in flavonoids, tannins and organic acids with valuable medicinal properties. However, additional studies of the chemical constituents and the mechanism-based pharmacological activities of many members of Melastoma are still needed for developing new plant-derived drugs. In addition, studies on the clinical safety and efficacy of Melastoma are also needed.


Assuntos
Etnofarmacologia/métodos , Medicina Tradicional/métodos , Melastomataceae , Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Anticoagulantes/isolamento & purificação , Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Etnofarmacologia/tendências , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional/tendências , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
15.
Front Pediatr ; 8: 592122, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33344384

RESUMO

Background: Kawasaki disease (KD) is the most common form of febrile coronary vasculitis disease to occur in children. Early diagnosis and proper therapy can prevent the complication of coronary artery lesions (CAL). The main pathogenesis of KD is an inflammatory process related to the host's genetic characteristics. In innate human immunity, the interaction of leukocytes and glycoprotein plays an important role against microbes. The purpose of our study was to understand the role of leukocytes' glycoprotein genes during the acute phase of KD. Materials and Methods: We enrolled a total of 97 subjects from a medical center. Of those, 24 subjects were healthy controls, and 24 subjects were fever controls; the other 49 subjects were KD patients who had had blood samples taken both before and after IVIG treatment. We collected the total RNA from leukocytes and performed a quantitative polymerase chain reaction for the HP, GRP84, and CLEC4D genes in real time. Results: Compared with both the healthy and fever controls, the upregulation of HP, GRP84, and CLEC4D genes was significant in peripheral leukocytes during acute-phase KD. The transcriptional level of these respective genes not only demonstrated a positive correlation with each other, but were also effective predictors for KD (all auROC >0.87) according to the ROC curve analysis. The hyper-expression of these three genes was significantly associated with IVIG resistance, but not CAL formation. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that the expression of HP, GRP84, and CLEC4D genes of leukocytes play an important role in the pathogenesis and primary IVIG response during the acute inflammatory process of KD.

16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(24)2020 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371259

RESUMO

The lysyl oxidase (LOX) family members are secreted copper-dependent amine oxidases, comprised of five paralogues: LOX and LOX-like l-4 (LOXL1-4), which are characterized by catalytic activity contributing to the remodeling of the cross-linking of the structural extracellular matrix (ECM). ECM remodeling plays a key role in the angiogenesis surrounding tumors, whereby a corrupt tumor microenvironment (TME) takes shape. Primary liver cancer includes hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), ranked as the seventh most common cancer globally, with limited therapeutic options for advanced stages. In recent years, a growing body of evidence has revealed the key roles of LOX family members in the pathogenesis of liver cancer and the shaping of TME, indicating their notable potential as therapeutic targets. We herein review the clinical value and novel biological roles of LOX family members in tumor progression and the TME of liver cancers. In addition, we highlight recent insights into their mechanisms and their potential involvement in the development of target therapy for liver cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteína-Lisina 6-Oxidase/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Animais , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Proteína-Lisina 6-Oxidase/classificação
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(18)2020 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32961796

RESUMO

MicroRNA-29a (miR-29a) has been shown to ameliorate hepatocellular damage, such as in the context of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), steatohepatitis (NASH), and cholestatic injury. However, the mechanism mediating the hepatoprotective effect of miR-29a in diet-induced NASH remains elusive. In the present study, C57BL/6 mice of wild-type (WT) or miR-29a overexpression were fed with methionine-choline sufficient (MCS) or methionine-choline-deficient (MCD) diet for four weeks. The C57BL/6 mice harboring miR-29a overexpression presented reduced plasma AST, hepatic CD36, steatosis, and fibrosis induced by MCD. The TargetScan Release7.2-based bioinformatic analysis, KEGG pathway analysis, and luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-29a targets 3'UTR of glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (Gsk3b) mRNA in the HepG2 hepatocyte cell line. Furthermore, miR-29a overexpression in the MCD-fed group resulted in inhibition of Gsk3b mRNA and GSK3ß protein levels in the liver. GSK3ß was notably expressed jointly with the extent of aggregated protein, which was then identified to be associated with mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt), but not with endoplasmic reticulum UPR (UPRER). Additionally, in silico analysis of protein-protein interaction, in vivo, and in vitro correlation analyses of protein expression demonstrated that GSK3ß closely associated with sirtuin 1(SIRT1). Finally, the implication of SIRT1-mediated mitochondrial biogenesis in the perturbation of proteostasis was observed. We herein provide novel insight into a hepatoprotective pathway, whereby miR-29a inhibits GSK3ß to repress SIRT1-mediated mitochondrial biogenesis, leading to alleviation of mitochondrial proteostatic stress and UPRmt in the context of NASH. miR-29a, GSK3ß, and SIRT1 could thus serve as possible therapeutic targets to improve the treatment of NAFLD/NASH.


Assuntos
Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/biossíntese , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/prevenção & controle , Proteostase , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Animais , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , MicroRNAs/genética , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/genética , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Sirtuína 1/genética , Resposta a Proteínas não Dobradas
18.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(12): 2792-2799, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627452

RESUMO

Cinnamomum cassis is one of the commonly used traditional Chinese medicines in China. Its genuine producing areas distribute in Guangdong and Guangxi provinces. As an important edible herb and export variety of China, the quality control and internationalization of quality standards of C. cassis is extremely significant. In the recent years, with the development of the cinnamon industry, relevant academic research and the upgrade of the international standards, it is necessary to summarize the quality-related progress of C. cassis. In the present review, the germplasm resources, specific quality marker(Q-marker) and quality standards of C. cassis were summarized on the basis of published research during the last 10 years.


Assuntos
Cinnamomum aromaticum , Cinnamomum , China , Cinnamomum zeylanicum , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
19.
Nutrients ; 12(5)2020 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32370130

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with poor outcomes in patients with cancer, heart failure and chronic kidney disease. This study aimed to investigate the predictive value of the Controlling Nutritional Status (CONUT) score in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. METHODS: We recruited a cohort of 3118 patients with CAD undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from 2005 to 2015. Nutritional status was evaluated using the CONUT score, with higher scores reflecting worse nutritional status. RESULTS: After adjustment for comorbidities and medication, an increased CONUT score was independently associated with a higher risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (HR: 1.13; 95% CI: 1.03-1.24), cardiovascular (CV) death (HR: 1.18; 95% CI: 1.07-1.30), congestive heart failure (CHF) (HR: 1.11; 95% CI: 1.04-1.18), a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) (HR: 1.14; 95% CI: 1.07-1.22), and total CV events (HR: 1.11; 95% CI: 1.07-1.15). The subgroup analyses demonstrated that the association of the CONUT score existed independently of other established cardiovascular risk factors. In addition, CONUT significantly improved risk stratification for myocardial infarction (MI), cardiac death, CHF, MACEs and total CV events compared to conventional risk factors in CAD patients by the significant increase in the C-index (p < 0.05) and reclassification risk categories in cardiac death and MACEs. Conclusions The CONUT score improved the risk prediction of adverse events compared to traditional risk factors in CAD patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição/fisiologia , Estado Nutricional , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Período Pré-Operatório , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Projetos de Pesquisa
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(10)2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32455716

RESUMO

Recent studies have found that microRNA-29a (miR-29a) levels are significantly lower in fibrotic livers, as shown with human liver cirrhosis. Such downregulation influences the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSC). Phosphoinositide 3-kinase p85 alpha (PI3KP85α) is implicated in the regulation of proteostasis mitochondrial integrity and unfolded protein response (UPR) and apoptosis in hepatocytes. This study aimed to investigate the potential therapeutic role of miR-29a in a murine bile duct ligation (BDL)-cholestatic injury and liver fibrosis model. Mice were assigned to four groups: sham, BDL, BDL + scramble miRs, and BDL + miR-29a-mimic. Liver fibrosis and inflammation were assessed by histological staining and mRNA/protein expression of representative markers. Exogenous therapeutics of miR-29a in BDL-stressed mice significantly attenuated glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT)/glutamic-pyruvic transaminase (GPT) and liver fibrosis, and caused a significant downregulation in markers related to inflammation (IL-1ß), fibrogenesis (TGF-ß1, α-SMA, and COL1α1), autophagy (p62 and LC3B II), mitochondrial unfolded protein response (UPRmt; C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP), heat shock protein 60 (HSP60), and Lon protease-1 (LONP1, a mitochondrial protease), and PI3KP85α within the liver tissue. An in vitro luciferase reporter assay further confirmed that miR-29a mimic directly targets mRNA 3' untranslated region (UTR) of PI3KP85α to suppress its expression in HepG2 cell line. Our data provide new insights that therapeutic miR-29a improves cholestasis-induced hepatic inflammation and fibrosis and proteotstasis via blocking PI3KP85α, highlighting the potential of miR-29a targeted therapy for liver injury.


Assuntos
Colestase/terapia , Classe Ia de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/genética , Cirrose Hepática/terapia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Terapêutica com RNAi/métodos , Proteases Dependentes de ATP/genética , Proteases Dependentes de ATP/metabolismo , Alanina Transaminase/metabolismo , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/metabolismo , Chaperonina 60/genética , Chaperonina 60/metabolismo , Classe Ia de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Interleucina-1beta/genética , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição CHOP/genética , Fator de Transcrição CHOP/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
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