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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33693450

RESUMO

The prognostic significance of c-MET in gastric cancer (GC) remains uncertain. In the present study, we examined the amplification, expression, and the prognostic value of c-MET, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), and programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PDL1), together with the correlations among them in a large cohort of Chinese samples. A total of 444 patients were included. The immunohistochemistry (IHC) and the dual-color silver in situ hybridization (SISH) were performed to examine their expression and amplification. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed by the Cox proportional hazard regression model, and survival curves were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. The positivity determined by IHC of c-MET was 24.8%, and the MET amplification rate was 2.3%. The positivity rates of HER2 and PDL1 were 8% and 34.7%, respectively. PDL1 expression had a significantly positive association with c-MET expression. c-MET positivity played a significant prognostic role in disease-free survival (DFS) (P = 0.032). Patients with mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) amplification had significantly poorer prognosis on both DFS and overall survival (OS). Subgroup analysis showed that in HER2-negative patients, but not in HER2-positive patients, MET-positive patients had significantly worse DFS (P = 0.000) and OS (P = 0.006). c-MET regulated the expression of PDL1 through an AKT-dependent pathway. c-MET inhibitor enhanced the T-cell killing ability and increased the efficacy of PD1 antibody. c-MET was found to be an independent prognostic factor for DFS of GC patients. A combination of c-MET inhibitors and PD1 antibodies could enhance the killing capacity of T cells, providing a preliminary basis for the clinical research on the same combination in GC treatment.

2.
Bioorg Chem ; 109: 104716, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607362

RESUMO

Aiming to discover potent anti-proliferative agents from the roots of Sophora flavescens, seven new prenylated flavanones were isolated, along with 16 known compounds. Their structures were elucidated by interpretation of their spectroscopic data (1D and 2D NMR, UV, IR, CD, and HRESIMS) and comparison to literature data. In the in vitro assay, 21 showed anti-proliferative activity against human hepatoma cells (HepG2). Studies of its mechanism revealed that 21 could significantly activate autophagic flux and trigger ROS release in HepG2 cells. Western blot experiments demonstrated that 21 could activate the key signaling protein of autophagy and ROS, while it does not affect the main protein of the apoptosis signaling pathway. These results suggested that 21 mediates its anti-proliferative effects through autophagic cell death, which is apoptosis-independent.

3.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 23(3): 228-234, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459060

RESUMO

One pair of new amides enantiomers (1a and 1b) and two known amides were isolated from the rhizomes of Polygonum cuspidatum. Their structures were established using UV, IR, HRESIMS, and NMR data. Notably, compound 1 possesses unique C-C connection between feruloyltyramine and resveratrol. Their absolute configurations were determined by the ECD method. All compounds were evaluated for their α-glucosidase inhibitory activity and compounds 2 and 3 showed significant inhibitory activity with IC50 values of 2.82 and 13.06 µmol/L, respectively (positive control acarbose, IC50 385 µmol/L).


Assuntos
Fallopia japonica , Polygonum , Amidas/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais , Rizoma
4.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33231494

RESUMO

Three new monocyclic monoterpenoid containing ß-D-apiofuranosyl-(1→2)-O-ß-D-glucopyranosyl moieties, together with three other known monocyclic monoterpenoid O-glycosides, were obtained from the roots of Glycyrrhiza uralensis for the first time. Their structures were determined by UV, IR, HRESIMS, and 1D and 2D NMR data.

5.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 22(12): 1130-1137, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33190510

RESUMO

Two new quinochalcone glycosides, hydroxysafflor yellow A-4'-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside (1) and 3'-hydroxyhydroxysafflor yellow A (2), were isolated from the safflower yellow pigments of Carthamus tinctorius. The structures of new compounds were elucidated by a detailed spectroscopic analysis (UV, IR, HR-ESI-MS, 1D and 2D NMR, ECD). The in vitro assay indicated that compound 1 could improve the survived rate of primary mouse cortical neurons on glutamate-induced neurons damage model at a concentration of 10 µM.


Assuntos
Carthamus tinctorius , Chalcona , Animais , Chalcona/análogos & derivados , Glicosídeos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular
6.
Am J Cardiol ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159905

RESUMO

We aimed to explore the utility of multiple biomarkers with GRACE risk stratification for non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI). A total of 1,357 patients diagnosed with NSTEMI were enrolled in this study at multiple medical centers in Tianjin, China. The outcomes were 1-year all-cause death and major adverse cardiac events (MACE: all-cause death, hospital admission for unstable angina, hospital admission for heart failure, nonfatal recurrent myocardial infarction, and stroke). C-index, net reclassification improvement (NRI), and integrated discrimination improvement (IDI) were calculated to verify that the biomarkers improve the predictive accuracy of the GRACE score. A total of 57 participants died, while 211 participants experienced 231 MACEs during follow-up (mean: 339 days). For all-cause death, the combination of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and D-dimer improved the predictive accuracy of GRACE the most, with C-index, IDI, and NRI values of 0.88, 0.085, and 1.223, respectively. For MACE, trigeminal combination of NT-proBNP, fibrinogen, and D-dimer resulted in C-index, IDI, and NRI values of 0.80, 0.079, and 0.647, respectively. As a result, NT-proBNP, D-dimer, fibrinogen, and GRACE comprise a new scoring system for assessing 1-year clinical events. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a significant increase in 1-year mortality (score ≥3.85 vs <3.85, p < 0.0001) and 1-year MACE (score ≥1.72 vs <1.72, p < 0.0001) between different score groups. In conclusion, the combination of NT-proBNP and D-dimer added prognostic value to GRACE for all-cause death. Combining NT-proBNP, fibrinogen, and D-dimer increased the prognostic value of GRACE for MACE. This newly developed scoring system is strongly correlated with all-cause mortality and MACE, and can be easily utilized in clinical practice.

7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5519, 2020 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33139738

RESUMO

Lithium garnets have been widely studied as promising electrolytes that could enable the next-generation all-solid-state lithium batteries. However, upon exposure to atmospheric moisture and carbon dioxide, insulating lithium carbonate forms on the surface and deteriorates the interfaces within electrodes. Here, we report a scalable solid sintering method, defined by lithium donor reaction that allows for complete decarbonation of Li6.4La3Zr1.4Ta0.6O12 (LLZTO) and yields an active LiCoO2 layer for each garnet particle. The obtained LiCoO2 coated garnets composite is stable against air without any Li2CO3. Once working in a solid-state lithium battery, the LiCoO2-LLZTO@LiCoO2 composite cathode maintains 81% of the initial capacity after 180 cycles at 0.1 C. Eliminating CO2 evolution above 4.0 V is confirmed experimentally after transforming Li2CO3 into LiCoO2. These results indicate that Li2CO3 is no longer an obstacle, but a trigger of the intimate solid-solid interface. This strategy has been extended to develop a series of LLZTO@active layer materials.

8.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(41): 8424-8432, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112334

RESUMO

Eight new geranylquinol derivatives (1-8) were purified from the roots of Arnebia euchroma. Compounds 1-6 possess an unprecedented dearomatic benzocogeijerene skeleton with a rare trans-fused hydronaphthalene moiety. Their structures and absolute configurations were elucidated by HRESIMS, NMR, ECD, and X-ray diffraction. A convenient strategy for rapid determination of the relative configuration of H-1/H-7/Me-16 and the absolute configuration at C-1 for 1-6 was summarized. Compound 2 exhibited cytotoxicity against all the tested cell lines, namely PC9, BGC823, HCT116, HepG2, HeLa, and U87-MG, with IC50 values ranging from 13.7 to 29.3 µM.

9.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 22(10): 920-926, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32820957

RESUMO

Phytochemical investigation of the rhizome of Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort led to the isolation and identification of three new compounds, chuanxiongoside A, (2E,4E)-8-(6-O-inositolyl)-8-oxo-2,7-dimethyl-octadienoic acid (2), chuanxiongoside C (3). The structures of these compounds were unambiguously established by HR-ESI-MS, UV, IR, CD, NMR spectral data and comparison to reported data. All the isolated compounds (1-3) were investigated for their inhibitory effects on nitric oxide (NO) production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells. All compounds showed excellent inhibition of NO production stronger than curcumin. [Formula: see text].


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ligusticum , Humanos , Inflamação , Estrutura Molecular , Rizoma
10.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 22(10): 935-940, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757770

RESUMO

Three new compounds named tanshinoic acid A (1), tanshinoic acid B (2), and tanshinoic acid C (3) were isolated from the rhizomes of Salvia miltiorrhiza, together with two known compounds methyl salvianolate A (4) and methyl salvianolate C (5). Their structures were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data (UV, IR, HRESIMS, 1 D and 2 D NMR). The in vitro assay indicated that 4 and 5 could improve the survived rate of cells on oxygen glucose deprivation (OGD) induced neurons damage model and glutamate-induced neurons damage model at a concentration of 10 µM. [Formula: see text].


Assuntos
Salvia miltiorrhiza , Abietanos , Estrutura Molecular , Raízes de Plantas , Rizoma
11.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 22(12): 1145-1151, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32835515

RESUMO

Two new benzoic acid derivatives, sophophenoside A (1) and sophophenoside B (2), were isolated from Sophora flavescens. Their structures were elucidated by detailed spectroscopic analysis and chemical methods. Compounds 1 and 2 were assayed for their hepatoprotective activity on the cytotoxic effect of D-galactosamine on HL-7702 cells, and compound 1 exhibited a moderate hepatoprotective activity at a concentration of 10 µM.


Assuntos
Sophora , Ácido Benzoico , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Raízes de Plantas
12.
Org Biomol Chem ; 18(28): 5453-5457, 2020 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638801

RESUMO

Two pairs of unusual phthalide analog enantiomers, (+)- and (-)-neophathalides A and B [(+)- and (-)-1 and 2], were isolated from the rhizome of Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort. Notably, neophathalide A presented a novel spiro-[4.5]dec-6-ene skeleton that originated from an aldol condensation process from sedanonic acid. Neophathalide B is an unprecedented 3-substituted phthalide analog that possesses a four-membered lactone ring system. The structures of the compounds were established using UV, IR, HRESIMS, NMR and ECD methods. All of the compounds were evaluated for their hepatoprotective activity against N-acetyl-p-aminophenol-induced HepG2 cell injury. Compounds 1a, 1b, and 2a exhibited moderate hepatoprotective activity compared with the positive control drug bicyclol at a concentration of 10 µM (p < 0.01).

13.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 41(4): 1787-1793, 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32608686

RESUMO

With great practical potential of aerobic methane coupled to denitrification (AME-D) in deep denitrification of tailwater in urban sewage plants, an AME-D extreme denitrification system with low concentration of methane, was established in an improved denitrification biofilter. The finding indicated that in an intermittent operation mode, the average concentration of total nitrogen and ammonia nitrogen in the effluent could reach 1.05 mg·L-1 and 0.54 mg·L-1, and the average removal rate was 94.77% and 93.30%, respectively. According to Raman spectral analysis, the crests formed by NO3- symmetric stretching disappeared, and crests formed by the vibration and absorption, where the outer alcohol COH plane or the C-H plane was bent, were significantly enhanced, so the intermediate products produced during which methane was oxidized may be alcohols. 16S rRNA gene sequencing results showed that dominant methanotrophs included Methylocystis (0.27%), Methylosarcina (0.10%), and Methyloparacoccus (0.12%), dominant denitrifying bacteria were Pseudomonas (56.92%), Paenibacillus (3.52%), and Lysinibacillus (3.00%), and the dominant nitrifying bacteria were Nitrospira (0.1%) in this system. Thus, it could be concluded that synergism of aerobic methanotrophs, denitrifying bacteria, and nitrifying bacteria could lead to extreme denitrification.

14.
Fitoterapia ; 146: 104673, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569676

RESUMO

Four new compounds including two new phenylpropanoid esters of sucrose, polygonusucroside A (1) and B (2); two new anthraquinones, 8-O-ß-d-(6'-galloyl)-glucopyranoside (3) and polyanthraquinoside A (4), together with six known compounds were isolated from Polygonum cuspidatum. Their structures were established using UV, IR, HRESIMS, and NMR data. All compounds were evaluated for their α-glucosidase inhibitory activities and neuroprotective effects. Compounds 5, 7 and 9 showed significant α-glucosidase inhibitory activities with IC50 values of 27.30, 5.51, and 1.09 µmol/L, respectively (acarbose as positive control, IC50 = 6.17 µmol/L). In addition, the assessment of neuroprotective effect showed that compound 3 exhibited remarkable effect against PC12 cells injured by serum-deprivation and compounds 2, 7, and 9 exhibited moderate effects against PC12 cells injured by rotenone.

15.
Bioorg Chem ; 101: 104016, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32599365

RESUMO

Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort is a famous health promoting plant cultivated in China, and widely consumed due to its various curative effects. To study the potential bioactive constituents from the rhizome of L. chuanxiong, a chemical investigation was thus performed. In present study, we report the isolation and identification of ten new compounds, including two coumarins (1-2), four lignans (3-6), and four phenols (7-10), along with five known compounds (11-15) from the rhizome of L. chuanxiong. The structures of these compounds were unambiguously established by HR-ESI-MS, UV, IR, CD, NMR spectral data and comparison to reported data. Meanwhile, the anti-inflammation and hepatoprotective activities of all these compounds were evaluated. The results show that compounds 5, 6 and 7 showed excellent inhibition of NO production in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells stronger than curcumin, and compounds 5, 7 and 9 exhibited greater hepatoprotective effect than that of bicyclol.

16.
J Diabetes Res ; 2020: 3695689, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32377518

RESUMO

Background: Banxia Xiexin Decoction (BXXD) reportedly regulates glycolipid metabolism and inhibits pancreatic ß-cell apoptosis. This study is aimed at investigating the protective effect of BXXD on tert-butyl hydroperoxide- (t-BHP-) induced apoptosis in MIN6 cells and the underlying mechanisms. Methods: MIN6 cells were preincubated with BXXD or liraglutide (Li) with or without PI3K inhibitor LY294002 (LY) for 12 h, following which t-BHP was added to induce MIN6 cell apoptosis. The protective effects of BXXD on MIN6 cells were evaluated by detecting cell viability and proliferation and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). The antiapoptotic effects were evaluated by Hoechst 33342 staining and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling assay (TUNEL). Malondialdehyde and glutathione peroxidase content and superoxide dismutase activity were measured using commercial kits. The expression of PI3K/AKT/FOXO1 signaling pathway-related signal molecules, and that of apoptotic indicators Bax, P27, and Caspase-3, was quantified using western blotting. Results: Preincubation with BXXD significantly improved t-BHP-induced proliferation inhibition and apoptosis and enhanced GSIS. t-BHP induced the generation of reactive oxygen species and inhibited the activities of antioxidant enzymes, which could be neutralized by pretreatment with BXXD. BXXD promoted the phosphorylation of AKT and FOXO1 in t-BHP-induced MIN6 cells. Moreover, BXXD attenuated the expression of related apoptotic indicators Bax, P27, and Caspase-3. LY abolished these effects of BXXD. Conclusion: BXXD protected MIN6 cells against t-BHP-induced apoptosis and improved insulin secretory function through modulation of the PI3K/AKT pathway and the downstream FOXO1, thus suggesting a novel therapeutic approach for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

17.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 3809-3821, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32440149

RESUMO

Purpose: Gene mutations play important roles in tumour metastasis, which significantly affect the prognosis of gastric cancer (GC) patients. This study aimed to compare lymph node (LN) metastasis of GCs with different microsatellite instability (MSI) statuses and explore the effect of ACVR2A mutations on GC LN metastasis. Materials and Methods: The association between clinicopathologic characteristics and MSI status or ACVR2A mutational status was analysed based on a GC dataset from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The association of ACVR2A mutations with MSI status was assessed. Whole-exome sequencing data of 157 GCs from Chinese patients at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center were used to validate the association of mutated ACVR2A and MSI status. Survival plots were obtained from the KMPlot and cBioPortal databases. The roles of ACVR2A and its common mutants in GC cell migration and proliferation were assayed in vitro. Results: LN metastasis was significantly decreased in MSI-H GCs compared with microsatellite instability-low or microsatellite stable (MSI-L/MSS) GCs (P=0.016). As the most frequently mutated gene in MSI-H GCs, mutated ACVR2A was significantly associated with MSI-H (P<0.001) and a higher mutation frequency (P<0.001). Additionally, a tendency toward decreased LN metastasis was observed in GCs with mutated ACVR2A, although the P value was not statistically significant (P=0.052). Higher expression of ACVR2A predicted a poor prognosis, but patients with ACVR2A mutations had slightly better disease-free survival. Two polyadenine microsatellite loci in the ACVR2A coding region were hotspot mutation sites. In vitro experiments demonstrated that wild-type ACVR2A promoted GC cell migration probably via the Snail/Slug-EMT pathway, while ACVR2A truncated mutants lost this function. Conclusion: MSI-H GCs had lower LN metastasis partially due to ACVR2A mutations. Mutated ACVR2A was significantly associated with MSI-H in GC, making it a potential biomarker that could be useful in choosing candidates for immunotherapy.

18.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 8(7): e1299, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32394637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long noncoding (lncRNA) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with the susceptibility to the development of various malignant tumors. The aim of this study was to investigate the roles of HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA (HOTAIR) and its SNPs in lung cancer. METHODS: Initially, the expression of HOTAIR in different tumors was investigated using the online Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) resource. Three SNPs (rs920778, rs1899663, and rs4759314) of HOTAIR were identified using the MassArray system. Following this, the relationship between these SNPs and susceptibility to lung cancer was investigated. RESULTS: Expression of HOTAIR was found to increase in a variety of cancers, including nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We found that the genotypes of these SNPs (rs920778, rs1899663, and rs4759314) were not significantly associated with lung cancer type, family history, lymph node metastasis, or lung cancer stage. In gender stratification, the results of rs920778 genotypes showed that, compared to genotype AA, the AG (OR = 0.344, 95% CI: 0.133-0.893, p = .028) and AG + GG (OR = 0.378, 95% CI: 0.153-0.932, p = .035) genotypes of rs920778 are protective factors against NSCLC in females. In smoking stratification, compared with AA of rs920778, the genotype AG + GG (OR = 0.507, 95% CI: 0.263-0.975, p = .042) was a protective factor against NSCLC in nonsmoking people. No statistical differences were observed in the classifications of rs1899663 and rs4759314 genotypes. Linkage disequilibrium analysis revealed a high linkage disequilibrium between the rs920778 and rs1899663 (D' = 0.99, r2  = .74), rs920778 and rs4759314 (D' = 0.85, r2  = .13), and rs1899663 and rs4759314 (D' = 0.79, r2  = .00). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that HOTAIR expression increased in NSCLC, and that the genotypes of rs920778 could be useful in the diagnosis and prognosis of lung cancer.

19.
Rice (N Y) ; 13(1): 25, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32297039

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The large family of pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR) proteins is widely distributed among land plants. Such proteins play vital roles in intron splicing, RNA editing, RNA processing, RNA stability and RNA translation. However, only a small number of PPR genes have been identified in rice. RESULTS: In this study, we raised a mutant from tissue-culture-derived plants of Oryza sativa subsp. japonica 'Zhonghua 11', which exhibited a lethal chlorosis phenotype from germination to the third-leaf stage. The mutant was designated seedling-lethal chlorosis 1 (slc1). The slc1 mutant leaves showed extremely low contents of photosynthetic pigments and abnormal chloroplast development, and were severely defective in photosynthesis. Map-based cloning of OsSLC1 revealed that a single base (G) deletion was detected in the first exon of Os06g0710800 in the slc1 mutant, which caused a premature stop codon. Knockout and complementation experiments further confirmed that OsSLC1 is responsible for the seedling-lethal chlorosis phenotype in the slc1 mutant. OsSLC1 was preferentially expressed in green leaves, and encoded a chloroplast-localized PPR protein harboring 12 PPR motifs. Loss-of-function of OsSLC1 affected the intron splicing of multiple group II introns, and especially precluded the intron splicing of rps16, and resulted in significant increase in the transcript levels of 3 chloroplast ribosomal RNAs and 16 chloroplast development-related and photosynthesis-related genes, and in significant reduction in the transcript levels of 1 chloroplast ribosomal RNAs and 2 chloroplast development-related and photosynthesis-related genes. CONCLUSION: We characterized a novel chloroplast-localized PPR protein, OsSLC1, which plays a vital role in the intron splicing of multiple group II introns, especially the rps16 intron, and is essential for early chloroplast development and seedling survival in rice.

20.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 22(5): 418-424, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538492

RESUMO

Two new lignans, wikstronoside B (1) and forsysesquinorlignan (2), were isolated from the fruits of Forsythia suspensa, along with two known sesquineolignans, hedyotol A and hedyotol C (3 and 4). The structures of new compounds were established via extensive spectroscopy techniques, including UV, IR, HRESIMS, NMR, and ECD. Compounds 3 and 4 were isolated from this plant for the first time. Their anti-inflammatory effects were evaluated via a detection model with LPS-induced murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells, and compound 3 showed a moderate activity.


Assuntos
Forsythia , Lignanas , Animais , Frutas , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais
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