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1.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530571

RESUMO

TTK (also known as Mps1) is the core component of the spindle assembly checkpoint, which ensures proper distribution of chromosomes to daughter cells to maintain genome integrity and to balance growth and division. However, the function of TTK in tumorigenesis has not been extensively studied, especially in relation to the development of gastric cancer. In this study, survival and tumor recurrence data related to TTK expression level in gastric cancer patients were collected and analyzed. We observed that TTK expression was negatively correlated with survival and tumor recurrence in vivo. TTK was also upregulated in gastric cancer cells and was observed to be essential for the proliferation and survival of gastric cancer cells. Knockdown of TTK inhibited proliferation and increased apoptosis. Furthermore, we report that TTK regulates the proliferation and apoptosis of tumor cells through the Akt-mTOR pathway. Knockdown of TTK inhibited activation of Akt-mTOR signaling. In summary, our data indicate that TTK is involved in the regulation of gastric cancer proliferation and apoptosis.

2.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23415, 2020 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32488958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate clinical characteristics, laboratory indexes, treatment regimens, and short-term outcomes of severe and critical coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. METHODS: One hundred and sixty one consecutive severe and critical COVID-19 patients admitted in intensive care unit (ICU) were retrospectively reviewed in this multicenter study. Demographic features, medical histories, clinical symptoms, lung computerized tomography (CT) findings, and laboratory indexes on admission were collected. Post-admission complications, treatment regimens, and clinical outcomes were also documented. RESULTS: The mean age was 59.38 ± 16.54 years, with 104 (64.60%) males and 57 (35.40%) females. Hypertension (44 [27.33%]) and diabetes were the most common medical histories. Fever (127 [78.88%]) and dry cough (111 [68.94%]) were the most common symptoms. Blood routine indexes, hepatic and renal function indexes, and inflammation indexes were commonly abnormal. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was the most common post-admission complication (69 [42.86%]), followed by electrolyte disorders (48 [29.81%]), multiple organ dysfunction (MODS) (37 [22.98%]), and hypoproteinemia (36 [22.36%]). The most commonly used antiviral drug was lopinavir/ritonavir tablet. 50 (31.06%) patients died, while 78 (48.45%) patients healed and discharged, and the last 33 (20.50%) patients remained in hospital. Besides, the mean hospital stay of deaths was 21.66 ± 11.18 days, while the mean hospital stay of discharged patients was 18.42 ± 12.77 days. Furthermore, ARDS (P < .001) and MODS (P = .008) correlated with increased mortality rate. CONCLUSION: Severe and critical COVID-19 presents with high mortality rate, and occurrence of ARDS or MODS greatly increases its mortality risk.

3.
Complement Ther Clin Pract ; 39: 101166, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32379637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Different degrees of disorders are reported in respiratory function, physical function and psychological function in patients with corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), especially in elderly patients. With the experience of improved and discharged COVID-19 patients, timely respiratory rehabilitation intervention may improve prognosis, maximize functional preservation and improve quality of life (QoL), but there lacks of studies worldwide exploring the outcome of this intervention. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of 6-week respiratory rehabilitation training on respiratory function, QoL, mobility and psychological function in elderly patients with COVID-19. METHODS: This paper reported the findings of an observational, prospective, quasi-experimental study, which totally recruited 72 participants, of which 36 patients underwent respiratory rehabilitation and the rest without any rehabilitation intervention. The following outcomes were measured: pulmonary function tests including plethysmography and diffusing lung capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO), functional tests (6-min walk distance test), Quality of life (QoL) assessments (SF-36 scores), activities of daily living (Functional Independence Measure, FIM scores), and mental status tests (SAS anxiety and SDS depression scores). RESULTS: After 6 weeks of respiratory rehabilitation in the intervention group, there disclosed significant differences in FEV1(L), FVC(L), FEV1/FVC%, DLCO% and 6-min walk test. The SF-36 scores, in 8 dimensions, were statistically significant within the intervention group and between the two groups. SAS and SDS scores in the intervention group decreased after the intervention, but only anxiety had significant statistical significance within and between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Six-week respiratory rehabilitation can improve respiratory function, QoL and anxiety of elderly patients with COVID-19, but it has little significant improvement on depression in the elderly.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/reabilitação , Pneumonia Viral/reabilitação , Terapia Respiratória , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Testes de Função Respiratória , Terapia Respiratória/métodos , Caminhada
4.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 27(8): 8016-8027, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31889290

RESUMO

Methane (CH4) emission is the consequence of CH4 production and consumption performed by methanogens and methanotrophs, respectively. Fertilization is an important factor that regulates the behavior of methanogens and methanotrophs; however, the effect of manure and rice straw addition combined with inorganic fertilizers on these communities is not well understood. This study aimed to explore how manure and rice straw amendments together with inorganic fertilizers influenced the methanogenic and methanotrophic communities in a 31-year fertilized rice paddy. Manure amendment significantly increased the abundance of mcrA and pmoA genes by 61.2% and 63.3% compared with the unfertilized control, whereas inorganic NPK fertilization alone or rice straw addition did not affect their abundances. Manure and rice straw amendments greatly decreased the Shannon index and ACE index of the methanogenic communities, whereas inorganic NPK fertilization alone increased the ACE index of the methanotrophic communities compared with the unfertilized control. Methanosarcinaceae and Methylococcaceae dominated at the family level, representing 23.1-35.0% and 48.7-67.2% of the total reads, for the methanogenic and methanotrophic communities, respectively. Application of manure together with inorganic fertilizers suppressed the Methanocellales methanogens and the type I methanotrophs (Methylococcus and Methylobacter). Fertilization greatly altered the community structure of methanogens and methanotrophs, and manure addition had more apparent effects than rice straw. Moreover, total nitrogen, soil organic carbon, available phosphorus, and available potassium correlated significantly to the abundance, composition, and community structure of methanogens and methanotrophs. In conclusion, our study revealed that long-term manure amendment in combination with inorganic fertilizers significantly increased the abundance of methanogens and methanotrophs, but suppressed the type I methanotrophs in rice paddies.


Assuntos
Carbono/química , Fertilizantes/análise , Metano/química , Methylococcaceae , Oryza , Agricultura , Esterco , Solo
5.
Brief Bioinform ; 21(3): 1006-1015, 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30895303

RESUMO

Peripheral blood gene expression intensity-based methods for distinguishing healthy individuals from cancer patients are limited by sensitivity to batch effects and data normalization and variability between expression profiling assays. To improve the robustness and precision of blood gene expression-based tumour detection, it is necessary to perform molecular diagnostic tests using a more stable approach. Taking breast cancer as an example, we propose a machine learning-based framework that distinguishes breast cancer patients from healthy subjects by pairwise rank transformation of gene expression intensity in each sample. We showed the diagnostic potential of the method by performing RNA-seq for 37 peripheral blood samples from breast cancer patients and by collecting RNA-seq data from healthy donors in Genotype-Tissue Expression project and microarray mRNA expression datasets in Gene Expression Omnibus. The framework was insensitive to experimental batch effects and data normalization, and it can be simultaneously applied to new sample prediction.

6.
Chemosphere ; 245: 125542, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855758

RESUMO

Green nanoscale zero iron (nZVI) on an oak wood biochar support was prepared from tea polyphenol (TP-nZVI-OB), and applied to the removal of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) from aqueous solution. The effects of experimental parameters on the Cr(VI) removal were evaluated by varying the Fe/C mass ratio, contact time, initial pH, and initial Cr(VI) concentration. The Cr(VI) removal performance of the TP-nZVI-OB was optimized at an Fe/C mass ratio of 2:1. The initial pH significantly affected the Cr(VI) removal, and 99.9% of the Cr(VI) was eliminated at pH 2.0. The kinetic data were well fitted to a pseudo-second order model, indicating that Cr(VI) removal was dominated by chemisorption. The successful TP-nZVI-OB synthesis and effective Cr(VI) removal mechanisms were confirmed by multiple techniques. The reaction between Cr(VI) and TP-nZVI-OB (2:1) involved multiple processes (sorption, reduction and co-precipitation), clarifying that TP-nZVI-OB is a potentially superior composite for Cr(VI) treatment of contaminated aqueous solution.


Assuntos
Cromo/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Carvão Vegetal , Cromo/análise , Ferro/química , Cinética , Modelos Químicos , Quercus , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Purificação da Água , Madeira/química
7.
Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics ; 17(4): 465-471, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811943

RESUMO

Gliomas are one of the most common types of brain cancers. Numerous efforts have been devoted to studying the mechanisms of glioma genesis and identifying biomarkers for diagnosis and treatment. To help further investigations, we present a comprehensive database named GliomaDB. GliomaDB includes 21,086 samples from 4303 patients and integrates genomic, transcriptomic, epigenomic, clinical, and gene-drug association data regarding glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and low-grade glioma (LGG) from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), the Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA), the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Integrated Mutation Profiling of Actionable Cancer Targets (MSK-IMPACT), the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and PharmGKB. GliomaDB offers a user-friendly interface for two main types of functionalities. The first comprises queries of (i) somatic mutations, (ii) gene expression, (iii) microRNA (miRNA) expression, and (iv) DNA methylation. In addition, queries can be executed at the gene, region, and base level. Second, GliomaDB allows users to perform survival analysis, coexpression network visualization, multi-omics data visualization, and targeted drug recommendations based on personalized variations. GliomaDB bridges the gap between glioma genomics big data and the delivery of integrated information for end users, thus enabling both researchers and clinicians to effectively use publicly available data and empowering the progression of precision medicine in glioma. GliomaDB is freely accessible at http://bigd.big.ac.cn/gliomaDB.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas/estatística & dados numéricos , Glioblastoma/genética , Big Data , Neoplasias Encefálicas/fisiopatologia , Metilação de DNA/genética , Epigenômica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genômica , Glioblastoma/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Mutação , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Transcriptoma/genética
8.
J Neurooncol ; 145(2): 211-222, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31605296

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Glioma is one of the lethal cancers which needs effective therapeutic target. TRIM44 has been found playing a carcinogenic role in human tumors such as breast cancer and ovarian cancer. However, the pathophysiological significance of TRIM44 in glioma is still unclear. METHODS: Quantitative-PCR and western blot were used to assess the expression of TRIM44 in glioma cells. For cell proliferation, Brdu incorporation and colony formation assays were performed. By Caspase 3 staining and FACS analysis, we revealed that TRIM44 knockdown induced glioma cell apoptosis. A BALB/c nude mouse xenograft model and following immunohistochemical (IHC) staining enables us to explore the effect of TRIM44 deletion on glioma growth in vivo. Western blot of p21, p27 and AKT indicated the possible role of TRIM44 in regulation AKT pathway in glioma. RESULTS: TRIM44 was significantly elevated in glioma cells, and high expression of TRIM44 is related to poor prognostic of glioma patients. TRIM44 knockdown by shRNAs inhibit glioma cell proliferation, migration, induced cell cycle disruption and further cellular apoptosis in vitro. As well, TRIM44 inactivation obviously inhibit tumor growth in xenograft model. Furthermore, the negative cell cycle regulators p21/p27 are significantly upregulated, while AKT which is known as the main regulator of p21/p27 is inactivated in TRIM44-dificient cells. These results suggested that TRIM44 inactivation disrupted cell cycle progression and inhibit cell proliferation through AKT/p21/p27 pathway in glioma. CONCLUSION: TRIM44 was associated with oncogenic potential of glioma. Targeting TRIM44 might be beneficial for glioma therapy.


Assuntos
Glioma/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/metabolismo , Animais , Neoplasias Encefálicas , Proliferação de Células , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo
9.
Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics ; 17(3): 229-247, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494266

RESUMO

To unravel the genetic mechanisms of disease and physiological traits, it requires comprehensive sequencing analysis of large sample size in Chinese populations. Here, we report the primary results of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Precision Medicine Initiative (CASPMI) project launched by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, including the de novo assembly of a northern Han reference genome (NH1.0) and whole genome analyses of 597 healthy people coming from most areas in China. Given the two existing reference genomes for Han Chinese (YH and HX1) were both from the south, we constructed NH1.0, a new reference genome from a northern individual, by combining the sequencing strategies of PacBio, 10× Genomics, and Bionano mapping. Using this integrated approach, we obtained an N50 scaffold size of 46.63 Mb for the NH1.0 genome and performed a comparative genome analysis of NH1.0 with YH and HX1. In order to generate a genomic variation map of Chinese populations, we performed the whole-genome sequencing of 597 participants and identified 24.85 million (M) single nucleotide variants (SNVs), 3.85 M small indels, and 106,382 structural variations. In the association analysis with collected phenotypes, we found that the T allele of rs1549293 in KAT8 significantly correlated with the waist circumference in northern Han males. Moreover, significant genetic diversity in MTHFR, TCN2, FADS1, and FADS2, which associate with circulating folate, vitamin B12, or lipid metabolism, was observed between northerners and southerners. Especially, for the homocysteine-increasing allele of rs1801133 (MTHFR 677T), we hypothesize that there exists a "comfort" zone for a high frequency of 677T between latitudes of 35-45 degree North. Taken together, our results provide a high-quality northern Han reference genome and novel population-specific data sets of genetic variants for use in the personalized and precision medicine.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Grupos Étnicos/genética , Genética Populacional , Genoma Humano/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , China , Estudos de Coortes , Frequência do Gene/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Masculino , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Mutação/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
10.
BMC Microbiol ; 19(1): 182, 2019 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Salmonella enterica is regarded as a major public health threat worldwide. Salmonella secretes the novel translocated effector protein K2 (SseK2), but it is unclear whether this protein plays a significant role in Salmonella enterica Typhimurium virulence. RESULTS: A ΔsseK2 mutant of S. Typhimurium exhibited similar growth curves, adhesion and invasive ability compared with wild-type (WT) bacteria. However, deletion of sseK2 rendered Salmonella deficient in biofilm formation and the early proliferative capacity of the ΔsseK2 mutant was significantly lower than that of the WT strain. In vivo, the LD50 (median lethal dose) of the ΔsseK2 mutant strain was increased 1.62 × 103-fold compared with the WT strain. In addition, vaccinating mice with the ΔsseK2 mutant protected them against challenge with a lethal dose of the WT strain. The ability of the ΔsseK2 mutant strain to induce systemic infection was highly attenuated compared with the WT strain, and the bacterial load in the animals' internal organs was lower when they were infected with the ΔsseK2 mutant strain than when they were infected with the WT strain. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that sseK2 is a virulence-associated gene that plays a vital role in Salmonella virulence.

11.
Exp Mol Pathol ; 110: 104285, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the most leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Skullcapflavone I is a flavone compound extracted from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi (Wogon). The present study investigated the effects of skullcapflavone I on human lung cancer cell proliferation, as well as underlying possible mechanism. METHODS: Cell proliferation was detected using Trypan blue assay. Cell viability was measured using cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) assay. Quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to assess microRNA-21 (miR-21) expression. Cell transfection was conducted to enhance the levels of miR-21 and protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A). Western blotting was used to evaluate the expressions of proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), Cyclin D1, PP2A, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase 3 (AKT), mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) and p70S6K. RESULTS: Skullcapflavone I significantly suppressed the viability and proliferation of A549 and H1975 cells. The expressions of miR-21 in A549 and H1975 cells were drastically decreased after skullcapflavone I treatment. Overexpression of miR-21 remarkably reversed the skullcapflavone I-induced A549 cell viability inhibition. Moreover, skullcapflavone I enhanced the expression of PP2A in A549 cells. Skullcapflavone I inactivated PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway in A549 cells via up-regulating PP2A. Besides, skullcapflavone I treatment had no significant influence on human normal bronchial epithelial 16HBE cell viability, proliferation and apoptosis. CONCLUSION: Skullcapflavone I exerted anti-cancer effect on lung cancer cells by down-regulating miR-21 expression, up-regulating PP2A expression and then inactivating PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavonas/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Células A549 , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteína Fosfatase 2/genética , Proteína Fosfatase 2/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
12.
J Cell Physiol ; 234(12): 22103-22115, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31058341

RESUMO

microRNAs (miRNAs) are pleiotropic players in cardiac development. Recent evidence have suggested miRNAs as promisingly therapeutic targets for cardiac regeneration. This study aimed to reveal the potential effects of miR-25 on cardiomyocytes proliferation and migration. Sprague-Dawley rats received left coronary occlusion surgery to induce an in vivo model of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Expression changes of miR-25 and Bim were tested by quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot. Besides, primary neonatal and adult cardiomyocytes were transfected by the antisense oligonucleotides or mimic specific for miR-25, and then 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT), 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), Boyden chamber, and terminal-deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay were respectively used to determine cardiomyocytes growth and migration. Binding effects of miR-25 on the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of Bim was assessed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. We found that miR-25 was low expressed, whereas Bim was highly expressed in I/R injury model and hypoxia-stimulated cardiomyocytes. Downregulation of miR-25 in neonatal and adult cardiomyocytes markedly reduced cell proliferation and migration, but promoted apoptosis. Consistently, downregulation of miR-25 decreased the expression of cyclin E2, cyclin D1, and CDK4, and increased the expression of p57 (KIP2) in cardiomyocytes. We additionally found that Bim was a target of miR-25. The inhibitory effects of miR-25 downregulation on cardiomyocytes survival and migration were all significantly attenuated when Bim was silenced. To sum up, our study demonstrates that miR-25 downregulation inhibits cardiomyocytes proliferation and migration, but promotes apoptosis. The role of miR-25 in cardiomyocytes was by targeting Bim.

13.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(20): 20352-20363, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31102229

RESUMO

Methane (CH4) is an important greenhouse gas (GHG), and paddy fields are major sources of CH4 emissions. This pot experiment was conducted to investigate the integrated effects of Azolla inoculation combined with water management and N fertilization on CH4 emissions in a double-rice cropping system of Southern China. Results indicated that midseason aeration reduced total CH4 emissions by 46.9%, 38.6%, and 42.4%, followed by N fertilization with 32.5%, 17.0%, and 29.5% and Azolla inoculation with 32.5%, 17.0%, and 29.5%, on average, during the early, late, and annual rice growing seasons, respectively. The CH4 flux peaks and total CH4 emissions observed in the late rice growing season were significantly higher than those in the early rice growing season. Additionally, CH4 fluxes correlated negatively to soil redox potential (Eh) and dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration. Azolla inoculation and N fertilization greatly increased the rice grain yields, whereas midseason aeration had distinct effects on grain yields in both rice seasons. The highest annual rice grain yields of approximately 110 g pot-1 were obtained in the Azolla inoculation and N fertilization treatments. In terms of yield-scaled CH4 emission, Azolla inoculation combined with midseason aeration and N fertilization generated the lowest yield-scaled CH4 emissions both in the early and in the late rice growing seasons, as well as during the annual rice cycle. In contrast, the highest yield-scaled CH4 emission was obtained in the treatment employed continuous flooding, without Azolla and no N application. Our results demonstrated that Azolla inoculation, midseason aeration, and N fertilization practices mitigated total CH4 emissions by 18.5-42.4% during the annual rice cycle. We recommend that the combination of Azolla inoculation, midseason aeration, and appropriate N fertilization can achieve lower CH4 emissions and yield-scaled CH4 emissions in the double-rice growing system.


Assuntos
Agricultura/métodos , Gleiquênias , Fertilizantes , Metano/análise , Oryza/crescimento & desenvolvimento , China , Gases de Efeito Estufa/análise , Nitrogênio , Estações do Ano
14.
R Soc Open Sci ; 6(1): 181309, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30800377

RESUMO

It is important to study the effect of Fe(III) on the positive electrolyte, in order to provide some practical guidance for the preparation and use of vanadium electrolyte. The effect of Fe(III) on the thermal stability and electrochemical behaviour of the positive electrolyte for the vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) was investigated. When the Fe(III) concentration was above 0.0196 mol l-1, the thermal stability of V(V) electrolyte was impaired, the diffusion coefficient of V(IV) species decreased from (2.06-3.33) × 10-6 cm2 s-1 to (1.78-2.88) × 10-6 cm2 s-1, and the positive electrolyte exhibited a higher electrolyte resistance and a charge transfer resistance. Furthermore, Fe(III) could result in the side reaction and capacity fading, which would have a detrimental effect on battery application. With the increase of Fe(III), the collision probability of vanadium ions with Fe(III) and the competition with the redox reaction was aggravated, which would interfere with the electrode reaction, the diffusion of vanadium ions and the performance of VRFB. Therefore, this study provides some practical guidance that it is best to bring the impurity of Fe(III) below 0.0196 mol l-1 during the preparation and use of vanadium electrolyte.

15.
Acta Bioeng Biomech ; 20(4): 77-87, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30520436

RESUMO

A scaffold knit with natural sericin-free silk fibroin fiber possesses desirable mechanical properties, biocompatibility, ease of fabrication, and slow degradability. However, regenerated silk fibroin degrades faster than natural silk. In this study, natural silk fibroin fiber mesh-like scaffolds were prepared by a weft-knitting method and the pores were filled with sponge-like regenerated silk fibroin-collagen I. The microporous sponge and mesh-like scaffolds were fused to achieve gradient degradation of the scaffolds, and rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) were seeded onto the scaffolds to form scaffold-BMSCs composites. The composites were implanted into gap defects made in the rabbit Achilles tendon. Twenty weeks after implantation, histological observation showed that tendon-like tissue had formed, collagen I mRNA was expressed, abundant collagen was generated, and that there was no obvious degradation of silk. The maximum load of the neo-Achilles tendon was 62.14% that of the natural Achilles tendon. These outcomes were superior to those obtained in the group implanted with a scaffold without BMSCs. These findings suggest the feasibility of constructing tissue-engineered tendons using weft-knitted silk scaffolds incorporated with sponge-like regenerated silk fibroin/collagen I and seeded with BMSCs, and show potential of the scaffold-BMSCs composites to repair Achilles tendon defects.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo/patologia , Colágeno Tipo I/farmacologia , Fibroínas/farmacologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Tecidos Suporte/química , Tendão do Calcâneo/efeitos dos fármacos , Tendão do Calcâneo/fisiopatologia , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Bombyx , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo III/genética , Colágeno Tipo III/metabolismo , Feminino , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Coelhos , Ratos , Regeneração/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 25(14): 14057-14067, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29520544

RESUMO

Denitrification causes nitrogen loss from agricultural soils and emission of nitrous oxide (N2O). Water addition leads to an increase in soil moisture which greatly influenced soil denitrification. However, it is unclear how irrigation management affected the denitrifying bacterial communities in agricultural systems. In the present study, we investigated the abundance, diversity, and composition of the nirS-, nirK-, and nosZ-denitrifying bacterial communities in the soil under different long-term irrigation regimes by using real-time PCR (qPCR) and Illumina MiSeq sequencing approaches. Results showed that the abundance of nosZ gene was 3.94-6.01 and 35.09-60.21 times more than that of nirS and nirK genes, and the abundance of nirS gene was 5.84-15.30 times higher than that of nirK gene, respectively, in different irrigation treatments. However, the Alpha diversity indices of the nirK-denitrifying bacterial community were higher than those of the nirS- and nosZ-denitrifying bacterial communities. Proteobacteria was the predominant phylum for all the denitrifying bacterial communities, and significant differences were observed in relative abundance of Alphaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria in predominant class between different irrigation treatments for the nirS- and nosZ-denitrifying bacterial communities, respectively. Irrigation significantly affected the abundance, Shannon and Invsimpson indices, and structure of the nirS- and nosZ-denitrifying bacterial communities, whereas it only minor influenced the structure of the nirK-denitrifying bacterial community. Furthermore, the shifts in abundance, diversity, and structure of the nirS- and nosZ-denitrifying bacterial communities correlated significantly with the soil property variations; however, no soil property was significantly correlated with the abundance and Alpha diversity index of the nirK-denitrifying bacterial community. Our results demonstrate that different long-term irrigation regimes greatly altered the abundance, diversity, and structure of the nirS- and nosZ- rather than the nirK-denitrifying bacterial communities.


Assuntos
Irrigação Agrícola/métodos , Genes Bacterianos , Proteobactérias/classificação , Microbiologia do Solo , Solo/química , Agricultura , Biodiversidade , China , Desnitrificação , Óxido Nitroso/análise , Proteobactérias/genética
17.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 169(3): 625-632, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29429018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers among women worldwide, characterized by diverse biological heterogeneity. It is well known that complex and combined gene regulation of multi-omics is involved in the occurrence and development of breast cancer. RESULTS: In this paper, we present the Multi-Omics Breast Cancer Database (MOBCdb), a simple and easily accessible repository that integrates genomic, transcriptomic, epigenomic, clinical, and drug response data of different subtypes of breast cancer. MOBCdb allows users to retrieve simple nucleotide variation (SNV), gene expression, microRNA expression, DNA methylation, and specific drug response data by various search fashions. The genome-wide browser /navigation facility in MOBCdb provides an interface for visualizing multi-omics data of multi-samples simultaneously. Furthermore, the survival module provides survival analysis for all or some of the samples by using data of three omics. The approved public drugs with genetic variations on breast cancer are also included in MOBCdb. CONCLUSION: In summary, MOBCdb provides users a unique web interface to the integrated multi-omics data of different subtypes of breast cancer, which enables the users to identify potential novel biomarkers for precision medicine.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Genômica , Medicina de Precisão , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Descoberta de Drogas , Epigenômica/métodos , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Genômica/métodos , Humanos , Medicina de Precisão/métodos
18.
Microb Pathog ; 117: 270-275, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29458091

RESUMO

Salmonella enteritidis is a common food-borne pathogen associated with consumption of contaminated poultry meat and eggs, which frequently causes gastroenteritis in humans. Salmonella secreted effector K1 (SseK1), as a translocated and secreted protein has been identified to be essential for the virulence of Salmonella typhimurium in host cells. However, the role of the sseK1 gene in the pathogenicity of S. enteritidis remain unclear. In this study, a sseK1 deletion mutant of S. enteritidis was constructed and its biological characteristics were examined. It was found that the sseK1 deletion mutant did not affect the growth, adherence and invasion of Salmonella enteritidis when compared to the wild-type S. enteritidis. However, the mutant showed decreased formation of biofilm and significantly reduced intracellular survival of bacteria in activated mouse peritoneal macrophages, as well as showed reduced pathogenicity to a murine model by increasing the lethal dose 50% (LD50) value and decreasing the proliferation ratio of bacteria in vivo. Taken together, this study determined an important role for SseK1 in the pathogenicity of S. enteritidis in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/fisiologia , Salmonelose Animal/microbiologia , Salmonella enteritidis/genética , Salmonella enteritidis/patogenicidade , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Animais , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proliferação de Células , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Epiteliais/microbiologia , Deleção de Genes , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Células HeLa , Humanos , Dose Letal Mediana , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Salmonella enteritidis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Virulência/genética
19.
Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics ; 15(1): 14-18, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28387199

RESUMO

With the rapid development of sequencing technologies towards higher throughput and lower cost, sequence data are generated at an unprecedentedly explosive rate. To provide an efficient and easy-to-use platform for managing huge sequence data, here we present Genome Sequence Archive (GSA; http://bigd.big.ac.cn/gsa or http://gsa.big.ac.cn), a data repository for archiving raw sequence data. In compliance with data standards and structures of the International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration (INSDC), GSA adopts four data objects (BioProject, BioSample, Experiment, and Run) for data organization, accepts raw sequence reads produced by a variety of sequencing platforms, stores both sequence reads and metadata submitted from all over the world, and makes all these data publicly available to worldwide scientific communities. In the era of big data, GSA is not only an important complement to existing INSDC members by alleviating the increasing burdens of handling sequence data deluge, but also takes the significant responsibility for global big data archive and provides free unrestricted access to all publicly available data in support of research activities throughout the world.


Assuntos
Bases de Dados Genéticas , Animais , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação , Plantas/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Interface Usuário-Computador
20.
Indian J Pediatr ; 84(6): 425-429, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28194699

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 2% topical propranolol cream in the treatment of proliferating infantile strawberry hemangiomas. METHODS: A total of 40 infants were enrolled; 2% propranolol cream was applied three times daily. In the subsequent monthly visit, dynamic changes in tumor size, texture, and color were recorded. The adverse events (AEs) were observed. Treatment outcomes were scored on a four-point scale. All patients were followed up for 12 mo after treatment. RESULTS: The overall response was graded Scale 1 (poor response) in 2 patients, Scale 2 (moderate response) in 15 patients, Scale 3 (good response) in 17 patients, and Scale 4 (excellent response) in 6 patients. No significant differences were seen in treatment outcomes between female and male patients, among lesion locations/size, or in the age at the start of the treatment. No obvious AEs were reported. CONCLUSIONS: 2% topical propranolol cream is safe and effective for the treatment of proliferating infantile strawberry hemangiomas.


Assuntos
Hemangioma Cavernoso/tratamento farmacológico , Propranolol/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Cutânea , Feminino , Hemangioma Cavernoso/patologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Propranolol/administração & dosagem , Propranolol/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
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