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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0257, 2023. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387937

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction The high rate of obesity caused by the modern sedentary lifestyle associated with bad eating habits and the high intellectual demand at school generates a physical and psychological deficit in contemporary youth. The damage caused in this growth phase is irrecoverable, and the habits acquired during this period are crucial to individual health. The urgency of this problem has generated research on methods to reverse this situation, among them functional training. Objective To study the effect of functional training on adolescent health. Methods 30 boys and 30 girls were recruited as study subjects. The experiment lasted one semester, including two weekly physical education classes focused on functional training. Data on body indexes, fitness, and physical test results were collected before and after the intervention. The results of the experiment were integrated and compared. Results The selection of functional training can optimize adolescents' biochemical indexes, making adolescents' orthostatic posture more balanced, and significantly improve muscle strength, body flexibility, explosive strength of upper and lower extremities, motor coordination, body flexibility, muscular endurance, cardiopulmonary function, etc. Conclusion Functional training can effectively improve the physical health of adolescents. Participants have increased their interest in sports, and this intervention can potentially promote the development of adolescents' physical and mental health if replicated nationwide. Studies are needed to popularize functional training in adolescents. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment outcomes.


RESUMO Introdução O elevado índice de obesidade ocasionada pelo sedentarismo moderno associado a maus hábitos alimentares e a alta demanda intelectual escolar geram um déficit físico e psicológico na juventude contemporânea. Os danos ocasionados nessa fase de crescimento são irrecuperáveis e os hábitos adquiridos nesse período são determinantes para a saúde individual. A urgência desse problema tem gerado pesquisas sobre métodos para reverter essa situação, dentre eles desponta o treinamento funcional. Objetivo Estudar o efeito do treinamento funcional na saúde do adolescente. Métodos 30 meninos e 30 meninas foram recrutados como sujeitos de estudo. O experimento durou um semestre, incluindo duas aulas semanais de educação física, com foco no treinamento funcional. Os dados dos índices corporais, aptidão física e resultados dos testes físicos foram coletados antes e depois da intervenção. Os resultados do experimento foram integrados e comparados. Resultados A seleção do treinamento funcional pode otimizar os índices bioquímicos dos adolescentes, tornar a postura ortostática dos adolescentes mais equilibrada, melhorar significativamente a força muscular, a flexibilidade corporal, a força explosiva das extremidades superior e inferior coordenação motora, flexibilidade corporal, resistência muscular, função cardiopulmonar, etc. Conclusão O treinamento funcional pode melhorar efetivamente a saúde física dos adolescentes. Os participantes aumentaram seu interesse pelo esporte e essa intervenção tem o potencial de promover o desenvolvimento da saúde física e mental dos adolescentes caso replicada a nível nacional. Estudos são necessários para a popularização do treinamento funcional em adolescentes. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos desfechos do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción La alta tasa de obesidad causada por el sedentarismo moderno asociado a malos hábitos alimenticios y la alta exigencia intelectual escolar generan un déficit físico y psicológico en la juventud contemporánea. Los daños causados en esta fase de crecimiento son irrecuperables y los hábitos adquiridos durante este periodo son cruciales para la salud del individuo. La urgencia de este problema ha generado la investigación de métodos para revertir esta situación, entre ellos surge el entrenamiento funcional. Objetivo Estudiar el efecto del entrenamiento funcional en la salud de los adolescentes. Métodos Se reclutaron 30 chicos y 30 chicas como sujetos de estudio. El experimento duró un semestre, incluyendo dos clases semanales de educación física, centradas en el entrenamiento funcional. Se recogieron datos sobre los índices corporales, la forma física y los resultados de las pruebas físicas antes y después de la intervención. Los resultados del experimento se integraron y compararon. Resultados La selección del entrenamiento funcional puede optimizar los índices bioquímicos de los adolescentes, hacer que la postura ortostática de los adolescentes sea más equilibrada, mejorar significativamente la fuerza muscular, la flexibilidad corporal, la fuerza explosiva de las extremidades superiores e inferiores la coordinación motora, la flexibilidad corporal, la resistencia muscular, la función cardiopulmonar, etc. Conclusión El entrenamiento funcional puede mejorar eficazmente la salud física de los adolescentes. Los participantes han aumentado su interés por el deporte y esta intervención tiene el potencial de promover el desarrollo de la salud física y mental de los adolescentes si se reproduce a nivel nacional. Se necesitan estudios para la popularización del entrenamiento funcional en adolescentes. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapêuticos - investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083850

RESUMO

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety between percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) and microendoscopic discectomy (MED). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Two kinds of minimally invasive discectomy, PTED and MED, are now widely used for treating lumbar disc herniation (LDH). The long-term comparative results of these two techniques still remained uncertain. METHODS: In this single-center, open-label, randomized controlled trial, patients were included if they had persistent signs and symptoms of radiculopathy with corresponding imaging-confirmed LDH, and were randomly allocated to PTED or MED group. The primary outcome was the score of Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and the secondary outcomes included the score of Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey bodily pain (SF36-BP) and physical function (SF36-PF), European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D), Visual Analogue Scales for back pain (VAS-back) and leg pain (VAS-leg). RESULTS: A total of 241 patients were accepted to enrolled in our RCT, of which 119 were randomly assigned to the PTED group, and the rest 122 were assigned to the MED group. 194 out of 241 patients (80.5%) completed the 5-year follow-up. PTED group was associated with shorter postoperative in-bed time and length of hospital stay. Both primary and secondary outcomes did not differ significantly between the two treatment groups at each follow-up time point. During the 5-year follow-up, 7 recurrent cases occurred in PTED group and MED group respectively. CONCLUSION: Over the 5-year follow-up period, PTED and MED were both efficacious in the treatment of LDH. The long-term clinical outcomes and recurrent rates were comparable between the treatment groups. PTED represents a more minimally invasive technique with the advantages of rapid recovery.

3.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 405, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064371

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Septic heart failure accounts for high mortality rates globally. With a strong reducing capacity, zero-valent iron nanoparticles (nanoFe) have been applied in many fields. However, the precise roles and mechanisms of nanoFe in septic cardiomyopathy remain unknown. RESULTS: NanoFe was prepared via the liquid-phase reduction method and functionalized with the biocompatible polymer sodium carboxymethylcellulose (CMC). We then successfully constructed a mouse model of septic myocardial injury by challenging with cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Our findings demonstrated that nanoFe has a significant protective effect on CLP-induced septic myocardial injury. This may be achieved by attenuating inflammation and oxidative stress, improving mitochondrial function, regulating endoplasmic reticulum stress, and activating the AMPK pathway. The RNA-seq results supported the role of nanoFe treatment in regulating a transcriptional profile consistent with its role in response to sepsis. CONCLUSIONS: The results provide a theoretical basis for the application strategy and combination of nanoFe in sepsis and septic myocardial injury.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Traumatismos Cardíacos , Nanopartículas , Sepse , Animais , Insuficiência Cardíaca/metabolismo , Ferro , Camundongos , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Sepse/metabolismo
4.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071548

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a complex pathological process involving macrophages, endothelial cells and vascular smooth muscle cells that can lead to ischemic heart disease; however, the mechanisms underlying cell-to-cell communication in atherosclerosis are poorly understood. In this study, we focused on the role of exosomal miRNAs in crosstalk between macrophages and endothelial cells and explored the rarely studied molecular mechanisms involved. Our in vitro result showed that macrophage-derived exosomal miR-4532 significantly disrupted human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) function by targeting SP1 and downstream NF-κB P65 activation. In turn, increased endothelin-1 (ET-1), intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and decreased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression in HUVECs increased attraction of macrophages, exacerbating foam cell formation and transfer of exosomal miR-4532 to HUVECs. MiR-4532 overexpression significantly promoted endothelial injury and pretreatment with an inhibitor of miR-4532 or GW4869 (exosome inhibitor) could reverse this injury. In conclusion, our data reveal that exosomes have a critical role in crosstalk between HUVECs and macrophages. Further, exosomal miR-4532 transferred from macrophages to HUVECs and targeting specificity protein 1 (SP1) may be a novel therapeutic target in patients with atherosclerosis.

5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 47(15): 4042-4047, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046893

RESUMO

Attapulgite(ATP), as a fertilizer slow-release agent and soil conditioner, has shown remarkable effect in improving the utilization rate of fertilizer and the yield and quality of agricultural products and Chinese medicinal materials. This study aims to explore the effect of ATP on the growth and root quality of Angelica sinensis. To be specific, Mingui 1 was used, and through the pot(soil culture) experiment in the Dao-di producing area, the effects of conventional chemical fertilizer added with ATP on the morphology, photosynthesis, soil respiration, and content of ferulic acid and volatile oil in roots of Mingui 1 were detected. The underlying mechanism was discussed from the perspective of source-sink relationship. The results showed that ATP, via the fertilizer slow-release effect, could meet the needs of A. sinensis for nutrients at the root expansion stage, improve the net photosynthetic rate of leaves and aboveground biomass of plants, and promote the transfer and accumulation of nutrients from the aboveground part(source) to the underground root(sink) in advance during the dry matter accumulation period of roots, so as to improve the root weight per plant. ATP can increase the content of total ferulic acid(the sum of free ferulic acid and coniferyl ferulate), the main effective component of Angelicae Sinensis Radix, by promoting the synthesis of ferulic acid in the roots and the transformation to coniferyl ferulate. However, it had little effect on the content of volatile oil. ATP had certain influence on soil respiration, which needs to be further explored from root activity, rhizosphere microorganisms, and soil microorganisms. This study can lay a basis for soil remediation and improvement and ecological cultivation of A. sinensis.


Assuntos
Angelica sinensis , Óleos Voláteis , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Angelica sinensis/química , Ácidos Cumáricos , Fertilizantes/análise , Compostos de Magnésio , Óleos Voláteis/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Compostos de Silício , Solo
6.
Front Oncol ; 12: 807597, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052249

RESUMO

Objective: To reveal a novel pathological feature: heterotypic neutrophil-in-tumor structure (hNiT) first discovered in patients with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC), to analyze the prognostic role of hNiT in OPSCC patients and to explore the role of p16 in the formation of hNiT structures. Methods: Clinically, 197 patients were enrolled. Clinicopathological information was extracted and analyzed. All pathologic sections made from primary tumors were re-evaluated by immunohistochemistry and immunostaining. In vitro, we cocultured OPSCC cell line SCC-15 with neutrophils to form hNiT structures, which were then subject to fluorescence staining. By RNAi and overexpression techniques, we investigated the role of CDKN2A in the formation of hNiTs. We validated the two techniques by qPCR and Western Blot. Results: The hNiT as a novel pathological feature was first discovered in the tissues of OPSCC. The FNiT was significantly associated with tumor stage, disease stage, p16 and tumor grade. A total of 119 patients died of the disease, and the 5-year disease-specific survival (DSS) rate was 36%. The median survival time was 52.6 months. In patients with an FNiT<0.5%, the 5-year DSS rate was 40%; in patients with an FNiT>=0.5%, the 5-year DSS was 28%, and the difference was significant (p=0.001). Cox model analysis showed that FNiT along with disease stage, p16 and tumor grade was an independent prognostic factor for DSS. Immunostaining results of p16 expression showed hNiT formation was negatively correlated to p16 in OPSCC as well as in the hNiT formation assays in vitro indicated by fluorescent staining. Function assays of CDKN2A implied that reduce CDKN2A promoted the formation of hNiT while elevated CDKN2A impeded the hNiT formation. Conclusion: The hNiT as a novel pathological feature is associated with the adverse prognosis of OPSCC patients with p16 inhibiting the formation of hNiT structures.

7.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2022 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soluble dietary fiber (SDF) obtained from Lentinula edodes byproducts has beneficial effects on human intestinal health. This study aimed to examine the combined preventive and ameliorative effects of a kind of synbiotic (SDF with a molecular weight of 1.58 × 102 kDa and Lactobacillus plantarum LP90 (LP) at 1 × 109 CFU kg-1 ) on dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis mice. RESULTS: The results demonstrated that synbiotic treatment could alleviate weight loss, decrease the disease activity index level and cause histological amelioration. Synbiotic treatment also promoted the production of goblet cells, increased the expression of tight junction proteins, and adjusted the production of myeloperoxidase, malondialdehyde and superoxide dismutase to repair intestinal epithelial injury. Clinical symptoms were alleviated by maintaining Th17/Treg balance, increasing interleukin 10 and immunoglobulin A levels, reducing interleukin 17a and tumor necrosis factor α production, and promoting mRNA to highly express of Foxp3 and vitamin D receptors. Moreover, synbiotic treatment could upregulate butyric acid production (4.71 ± 0.46 mol g-1 feces, P < 0.05) and diversity of intestinal microbial to maintain intestinal homeostasis. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that the combination of LP and SDF as a synbiotic has the potential for use as a nutritional supplement to alleviate colitis. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.

8.
Open Med (Wars) ; 17(1): 1357-1367, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36046633

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs have been confirmed closely related to the metastasis and angiogenesis of breast cancer (BC). LINC01857 can promote the growth and metastasis of BC cells. The present work focused on exploring the role of LINC01857 in BC metastasis and angiogenesis and investigating the possible mechanisms. The results showed that LINC01857 and CENPQ were highly expressed in BC tissues and cells, while miR-2052 was contrarily expressed. In vitro study showed that low expression of linc01857 could inhibit the migration ability and vascularization of BC cells, and mir-2052 inhibitor partially restored the effect of si-LINC01857 on the migration ability and vascularization of BC cells. Likewise, inhibition of CENPQ can partially rescue the effects of miR-2052 inhibitor on the migration ability and vascularization of BC cells. In vivo studies showed that down-regulation of LINC01857 notably suppressed tumor growth and angiogenesis in nude mice. The miR-2052 inhibitor partially restored the effects of si-LINC01857. CENPQ suppression partially rescued the effects of the miR-2052 inhibitor. To conclude, LINC01857/miR-2052/CENPQ is the potential novel target for BC treatment.

9.
Biomed Chromatogr ; : e5496, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047933

RESUMO

Mahuang Xuanfei Zhike (MXZ) syrup, a Chinese patent medicine, has been widely used in clinical treatment of cough. However, there is no reported method for quantitative analysis of the effective components of MXZ syrup in biological samples. In this study, the effective components of MXZ syrup were screened by network pharmacology and molecular docking technology, a sensitive and rapid method of ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method was established to test the active components of MXZ syrup in rat plasma and tissue homogenates, including ephedrine, amygdalin, chlorogenic acid, harpagoside, forsythin and forsythoside A. Chromatographic separation was performed on a Waters Acquity UPLC HSS T3 column (2.1 × 50 mm, 1.8 µm) and the mass analysis was conducted in a Waters Xevo TQ mass spectrometer using multiple reaction positive and negative ion simultaneous monitoring mode (MRM). The results expounded that the linearity ranged from 0.3 ng/mL to 409.4 ng/mL, The extraction recoveries were all less than 8.33%, and the matrix effects were all less than 8.45, which met the requirements. The pharmacokinetic and tissue distribution results indicated that the main active components of MXZ syrup were absorbed quickly and eliminated slowly in vivo, and there may be a reabsorption process.

10.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(9): 961-5, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075589

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of Xingnao Kaiqiao (regaining consciousness and opening orifices) acupuncture on the efficacy and safety of intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) in patients with cerebral infarction. METHODS: A total number of 142 patients of cerebral infarction undergoing rt-PA intravenous thrombolysis were randomized into an acupuncture-medication group (71 cases) and a western medication group (71 cases, 1 case dropped off). In the western medication group, rt-PA intravenous thrombolysis was given. In the acupuncture-medication group, besides the intervention as the control group, Xingnao Kaiqiao acupuncture was provided at Shuigou (GV 26), Neiguan (PC 6), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Jiquan (HT 1), etc. once daily. One treatment session contained 6 treatments and 1 session was required. Before and after treatment, the score of the National Institute of Health stroke scale (NIHSS), the levels of the relevant indexes of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) (platelet [PLT], D-dimer and fibrinogen), the incidences of sICH and adverse effect were compared between groups. The efficacy was assessed in two groups. RESULTS: After treatment, NIHSS scores and the levels of D-dimer were reduced compared with those before treatment in both groups (P<0.05), and those in the acupuncture-medication group were lower than the western medication group (P<0.05). The level of fibrinogen in the acupuncture-medication group was increased in comparison with that before treatment (P<0.05), and also higher than the western medication group (P<0.05). The incidence of sICH was 0% (0/71) in the acupuncture-medication group, lower than 8.6% (6/70) in the western medication group (P<0.05). The effective rate was 97.2% (69/71) in the acupuncture-medication group, higher than 87.1% (61/70) in the western medication group (P<0.05). The incidence of adverse effect was 2.8% (2/71) in the acupuncture-medication group, lower than 12.9% (9/70) in the western medication group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Xingnao Kaiqiao acupuncture may improve the efficacy of rt-PA intravenous thrombolysis in the patients with cerebral infraction and decrease the incidences of sICH and adverse effect. The mechanism may be related to the regulation of fibrinogen and D-dimer levels.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , Infarto Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrinogênio , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica/efeitos adversos , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 42(9): 1011-6, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36075597

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of moxibustion on autophagy and amyloid ß-peptide1-42 (Aß1-42) protein expression in amyloid precursor protein/presenilin 1 (APP/PS1) double-transgenic mice with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS: After 2-month adaptive feeding, fifty-six 6-month-old APP/PS1 double transgenic AD mice were randomly divided into a model group, a moxibustion group, a rapamycin group and an inhibitor group, 14 mice in each group. Another 14 C57BL/6J mice with the same age were used as a normal group. The mice in the moxibustion group were treated with monkshood cake-separated moxibustion at "Baihui"(GV 20), "Fengfu" (GV 16) and "Dazhui" (GV 14) for 20 min; the mice in the rapamycin group were intraperitoneally injected with rapamycin (2 mg/kg); the mice in the inhibitor group were treated with moxibustion and injection of 1.5 mg/kg 3-methyladenine (3-MA). All the treatments were given once a day for consecutive 2 weeks. The morphology of hippocampal tissue was observed by HE staining; the ultrastructure of hippocampal tissue was observed by transmission electron microscopy; the expression of Aß1-42 protein in frontal cortex and hippocampal tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry; the expressions of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR), p70 ribosomal protein S6 kinase (p70S6K) and phosphorylated p70S6K (p-p70S6K) protein in hippocampus were detected by Western blot method. RESULTS: Compared with the normal group, the number of neuron cells was decreased, cells were necrotic and deformed, and autophagy vesicle and lysosome were decreased in the model group. Compared with the model group, the number of neuron cells was increased, cell necrosis was decreased, and autophagy vesicle and lysosome were increased in the moxibustion group and the rapamycin group. Compared with the normal group, the protein expressions of Aß1-42, mTOR, p-mTOR, p70S6K and p-p70S6K in the model group were increased (P<0.05); compared with the model group, the protein expressions of Aß1-42, mTOR, p-mTOR, p70S6K and p-p70S6K in the moxibustion group, rapamycin group and inhibitor group were decreased (P<0.05); compared with the inhibitor group, the protein expressions of Aß1-42, mTOR, p-mTOR, p70S6K and p-p70S6K in the moxibustion group and rapamycin group were decreased (P<0.05); compared with the rapamycin group, the protein expressions of mTOR, p-mTOR, p70S6K and p-p70S6K in the moxibustion group were decreased (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion could enhance autophagy in hippocampal tissue of APP/PS1 double transgenic AD mice and reduce abnormal Aß aggregation in brain tissue, the mechanism may be related to the inhibition of mTOR/p70S6K signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Moxibustão , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Doença de Alzheimer/terapia , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/genética , Animais , Autofagia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Mamíferos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/genética , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Sirolimo/metabolismo , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
12.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 153: 113379, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076521

RESUMO

In this experimental study, we evaluated the protective effects and the safety of main flavanones derived from Rhizoma Drynariae (Gusuibu) in vitro and in vivo. The MTT assay showed that compared with vehicle treatment, treatment with such flavanones as neoeriocitrin, naringin, and naringenin significantly promoted the viability of osteocyte-like cells. Quantitative real-time PCR showed that neoeriocitrin and naringin significantly attenuated mRNA expressions of RANKL and SOST in osteocyte-like cells. In rats with retinoic acid-induced osteoporosis, total flavonoid of Rhizoma Drynariae (TFRD), naringin, and naringenin significantly increased the number of trabeculae and improved trabecular bone structure compared with no treatment, without affecting liver and renal function. In addition, naringenin and naringin administration significantly increased bone mineral density of femur neck and femur shaft compared with the osteoporotic model rats. Western blot analysis showed that naringenin and naringin significantly attenuated protein expressions of bone resorption-related factors (TRAP, RANKL and RANK), and inhibited sclerostin expression compared with the osteoporotic model rats. On the other hand, naringin markedly increased protein expressions of ALP and PTH1R, and TFRD and naringenin also promoted PTH1R expression compared with the model rats. In conclusion, such flavanones as naringenin and naringin exhibited antiresorptive properties, and naringin particularly showed potential benefits for osteoporosis treatment.


Assuntos
Flavanonas , Osteoporose , Polypodiaceae , Animais , Flavanonas/farmacologia , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Osteócitos , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/metabolismo , Polypodiaceae/química , Ratos
13.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36089083

RESUMO

Uncontrolled hemorrhage of deep, narrow, and non-compressible perforating wounds is responsible for many trauma deaths. In this study, a rapid hemostatic sponge with an orderly channel based on methacrylated collagen (ColMA) was prepared via directional freeze-drying technology. The methacrylated hyaluronate (HAMA) was added to further enhance the mechanical properties of the sponge. The sponge presents excellent mechanical strength, rapid shape recovery, and absorption speed, which was faster than those of many reported natural polymer hemostatic sponges. Moreover, ColMA/HAMA sponge showed much better blood-clotting capacity and superior hemostasis performance than commercially available collagen sponges in vitro and in the rat-liver injury model. This study demonstrated a feasible strategy to construct the rapid hemostatic sponge with an orderly channel for the deep and non-compressible perforating wound.

14.
Brief Bioinform ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094071

RESUMO

The emerging ligation-free three-dimensional (3D) genome mapping technologies can identify multiplex chromatin interactions with single-molecule precision. These technologies not only offer new insight into high-dimensional chromatin organization and gene regulation, but also introduce new challenges in data visualization and analysis. To overcome these challenges, we developed MCIBox, a toolkit for multi-way chromatin interaction (MCI) analysis, including a visualization tool and a platform for identifying micro-domains with clustered single-molecule chromatin complexes. MCIBox is based on various clustering algorithms integrated with dimensionality reduction methods that can display multiplex chromatin interactions at single-molecule level, allowing users to explore chromatin extrusion patterns and super-enhancers regulation modes in transcription, and to identify single-molecule chromatin complexes that are clustered into micro-domains. Furthermore, MCIBox incorporates a two-dimensional kernel density estimation algorithm to identify micro-domains boundaries automatically. These micro-domains were stratified with distinctive signatures of transcription activity and contained different cell-cycle-associated genes. Taken together, MCIBox represents an invaluable tool for the study of multiple chromatin interactions and inaugurates a previously unappreciated view of 3D genome structure.

15.
Chembiochem ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094759

RESUMO

This study focused on exploring the ability of self-assembled DNA frameworks to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). We designed and assembled a series of DNA origami structures with equal quantity of nucleic acid materials but different morphologies and rigidities, such as barrel, soccer ball, icosahedron, and compared their transport efficiency in an in vitro BBB model. It was observed that the relatively large and soft structures could better penetrate the BBB through a lysosome irrelative transcytosis process, while the smallest and most rigid structure was blocked severally accompanied with an obvious lysosome digestion once internalized by the endothelial cells.

16.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2022 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088619

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soybean 11S globulin has good functional properties, which widely used in the field of food. However, natural soybean 11S globulin (N-11S) has low flexibility and easy to aggregate, which impact its foaming process. Studies have shown that molten globule state soybean 11S globulin (MG-11S) has better molecular flexibility than N-11S, and trehalose has been shown to improve the properties of proteins. Therefore, this study investigated the interaction mechanism between trehalose and MG-11S, and its impact on rheological and foaming properties of MG-11S. RESULTS: The molecular docking and intrinsic fluorescence results showed that hydrogen bonding was the main interaction force at lower 0.5 mol L-1 trehalose added, meanwhile rheology and foaming showed that the MG-11S-trehalose complexes had better viscoelasticity, foaming ability (66.67%-86.67%) and foaming stability (75.00%-89.29%) than those of N-11S (16.67% of foaming ability and 40.00% of foaming stability); however, when the trehalose was higher than 0.5 mol L-1 , molecular crowding occurred and weaken H-bonds, resulting in reduction of foaming capacities. The microstructure determination observed that trehalose attached to the surface of foam membrane; meanwhile the foaming structure of the complex with 0.5 mol L-1 trehalose had a thicker liquid film with decreased drainage rate, less agglomeration and disproportionation of foam, illustrating the best foaming ability and foaming stability. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggested that trehalose with different concentrations can interact with MG-11S through different mechanisms, and improve the foaming capacities of MS-11S. This provided a reference for the application of the MS-11S in foaming food. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

17.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 940711, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119736

RESUMO

Aortic dissection (AD) is a fatal aortic disease with high mortality. Assessing the morphology of the aorta is critical for diagnostic and surgical decisions. Aortic centerline projection methods have been used to evaluate the morphology of the aorta. However, there is a big difference between the current model of primary plane projection (PPP) and the actual shape of individuals, which is not conducive to morphological statistical analysis. Finding a method to compress the three-dimensional information of the aorta into two dimensions is helpful to clinical decision-making. In this paper, the evaluation parameters, including contour length (CL), enclosure area, and the sum of absolute residuals (SAR), were introduced to objectively evaluate the optimal projection plane rather than artificial subjective judgment. Our results showed that the optimal projection plane could be objectively characterized by the three evaluation parameters. As the morphological criterion, SAR is optimal among the three parameters. Compared to the optimal projection plane selected by traditional PPP, our method has better AD discrimination in the analysis of aortic tortuosity, and is conducive to the clinical operation of AD. Thus, it has application prospects for the preprocessing techniques for the geometric morphology analysis of AD.

18.
J Inflamm Res ; 15: 5265-5281, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36120183

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of hemoglobin, albumin, lymphocyte, and platelet (HALP) score in patients with operable cervical cancer, and on this basis, combined with classical clinicopathological parameters to predict the recurrence of patients. Methods: A total of 1580 patients with stage IA-IIA cervical cancer were randomly divided into training cohort (n=1054) and validation cohort (n=526) according to the predefined ratio of 2:1. In the training cohort, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and Youden index were used to determine the optimal threshold of HALP score for predicting cervical cancer recurrence. On this basis, the independent related factors with cervical cancer recurrence were screened through univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis, and then a nomogram model was further established. The internal and external validation of the model was carried out in the training cohort and the validation cohort respectively through the consistency index (C-index) and calibration curve. Results: ROC curve and Youden index showed that the optimal threshold of HALP score for predicting cervical cancer recurrence was 39.50. Multivariate analysis confirmed that HALP score and some other classic clinicopathological parameters were independently associated with cervical cancer recurrence. Based on the results of multivariate analysis, a nomogram model for predicting cervical cancer recurrence was successfully constructed. The internal and external calibration curves showed that the fitting degree of the model was good, and the C-index (the C-index of the training cohort and the validation cohort were 0.862 and 0.847, respectively) showed that the prediction accuracy of the model proposed in this study was better than other similar models. Conclusion: HALP score may be a novel predictor for predicting the cervical cancer recurrence. Nomogram model based on HALP score and classical clinicopathological parameters can better predict the recurrence of cervical cancer.

19.
Polymers (Basel) ; 14(17)2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36080681

RESUMO

The mechanical properties of silicone foam will degrade when exposed to environmental loads such as temperature and pressure for a long time. In recent years, the variation law of the stress-strain response of silicone foam during the aging process has received more and more attention, but there are few works that quantitatively analyze the variation of the stress-strain response. In this work, we quantitatively analyzed the variation law of the stress-strain response of silicone foam during aging by the constitutive model. Firstly, the accelerated aging test of silicone rubber foam under long-term compressive strain was carried out, and its compression set, stress relaxation and strain stress curves of different aging degrees were obtained. Further, degenerate trajectory equations for the compression set and stress-relaxation were obtained. In addition, the hyper-foam constitutive model was obtained by fitting stress-strain curves, and the changes in the model parameters after aging were studied. The results show that the compressed set and stress-relaxation are exponential functions of time, while different to existing research findings, we found that the stress-strain curves do not change monotonically with increasing time, which first softens, then hardens, and finally softens. Additionally, to better understand the changing trend of the stress-strain response, the correlation between the stress-strain curve and the compression set and stress-relaxation was discussed qualitatively. Finally, in the stage of monotonic change of the stress-strain curve, the exponential function of the model parameters with the increase of aging time was obtained.

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