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1.
World J Pediatr ; 17(6): 568-575, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical use of gentamicin always lies in its antimicrobial activity in the past as an aminoglycoside antibiotic. However, in the past decade, there were considerable interests in therapeutic approaches in treating hereditary diseases. Some of the genodermatosis is caused by nonsense mutations that create premature termination codons and lead to the production of truncated or non-functional proteins. Gentamicin could induce readthrough of nonsense mutations and enable the synthesis of full-length proteins. We focus on previous publications on topical application of gentamicin and review its utility in genetic skin diseases. DATA SOURCES: We search the MEDLINE through PubMed, EMBASE databases, and the Clinical Trials Registry Platform from January 1960 to July 2020 using the key search terms "gentamicin, topical gentamicin, genodermatosis, genetic skin diseases". RESULTS: The application of gentamicin in genodermatosis yielded promising results, both in vivo and in vitro, including Nagashima-type palmoplantar keratosis, epidermolysis bullosa, Hailey-Hailey disease, hereditary hypotrichosis simplex of the scalp, etc. CONCLUSIONS: Topical gentamicin is a potential treatment option for genodermatosis caused by nonsense mutation.

2.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 1156, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34775956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) is a major cause of bacterial meningitis, septicemia and pneumonia in children. Inappropriate choice of antibiotic can have important adverse consequences for both the individual and the community. Here, we focused on penicillin/cefotaxime non-susceptibility of S. pneumoniae and evaluated appropriateness of targeted antibiotic therapy for children with IPD (invasive pneumococcal diseases) in China. METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study was conducted in 14 hospitals from 13 provinces in China. Antibiotics prescription, clinical features and resistance patterns of IPD cases from January 2012 to December 2017 were collected. Appropriateness of targeted antibiotics therapy was assessed. RESULTS: 806 IPD cases were collected. The non-susceptibility rates of S. pneumoniae to penicillin and cefotaxime were 40.9% and 20.7% respectively in 492 non-meningitis cases, whereas those were 73.2% and 43.0% respectively in 314 meningitis cases. Carbapenems were used in 21.3% of non-meningitis cases and 42.0% of meningitis cases for targeted therapy. For 390 non-meningitis cases with isolates susceptible to cefotaxime, vancomycin and linezolid were used in 17.9% and 8.7% of cases respectively for targeted therapy. For 179 meningitis cases with isolates susceptible to cefotaxime, vancomycin and linezolid were prescribed in 55.3% and 15.6% of cases respectively. Overall, inappropriate targeted therapies were identified in 361 (44.8%) of 806 IPD cases, including 232 (28.8%) cases with inappropriate use of carbapenems, 169 (21.0%) cases with inappropriate use of vancomycin and 62 (7.7%) cases with inappropriate use of linezolid. CONCLUSIONS: Antibiotic regimens for IPD definite therapy were often excessive with extensive prescription of carbapenems, vancomycin or linezolid in China. Antimicrobial stewardship programs should be implemented to improve antimicrobial use.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Infecções Pneumocócicas , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Infecções Pneumocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Pneumocócicas/epidemiologia , Prescrições , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Clin Rehabil ; 35(12): 1710-1721, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34308686

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effects of mirror therapy on phantom limb sensation and phantom limb pain in amputees. DATA SOURCES: Nine electronic databases (PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, PsycInfo, PreQuest, PEDro) were searched from their inception to May 10th, 2021. METHODS: Two authors independently selected relevant studies and extracted the data. The effect sizes were calculated under a random-effects model meta-analysis, and heterogeneity was assessed using the I2 test. The risk of bias was evaluated by the Cochrane risk of bias tool, and the methodological quality was appraised by the PEDro scale. The GRADE approach was applied to assess the confidence of the effect. RESULTS: A total of 11 RCTs involving 491 participants were included in this review and nine RCTs involving 372 participants were included in meta-analysis. The quality of these studies was from poor to good with scores ranging from 2 to 8 points according to PEDro scale. The pooled SMD showed that mirror therapy reduced the pain with a large effect size (-0.81; 95% CI = -1.36 to -0.25; P = 0.005; I2 = 82%; n = 372) compared with other methods (four covered mirror, one phantom exercise, three mental visualization, one sensorimotor exercise, one transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, one tactile stimuli). The quality of evidence for the outcome pain intensity was determined to be fair according to GRADE approach. CONCLUSION: There is fair-quality evidence that MT is beneficial for reducing phantom limb pain.


Assuntos
Amputados , Membro Fantasma , Estimulação Elétrica Nervosa Transcutânea , Humanos , Membro Fantasma/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sensação
6.
J Glob Antimicrob Resist ; 24: 387-394, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548495

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Antimicrobial stewardship is a strategy to combat antimicrobial resistance in hospitals. Given the burden and impact of antimicrobial resistance in the Asia Pacific, it is important to document capacity and gaps in antimicrobial stewardship programmes (ASP). We aimed to understand existing capacities and practices, and define the resources needed to establish antimicrobial stewardship where it is lacking. METHODS: An anonymous online survey, consisting of questions on antimicrobial control at country, hospital and programme levels, was circulated to healthcare providers in the field of infectious diseases and microbiology through Asian Network for Surveillance of Resistant Pathogens, ReAct Group and the Australasian Society for infectious Diseases. RESULTS: 139 participants from 16 countries or regions completed the survey. The majority of participants were adult infectious diseases physicians (61/139, 43.9%) and microbiologists (31/139, 22.3%). Participants from 7 countries reported that antimicrobials can be obtained without prescriptions. Despite the high percentage (75.5%) of respondents working in large hospitals, only 22/139 participants (15.8%) from Australia, China, Singapore, Taiwan, Thailand and Vietnam reported having more than 10 infectious diseases physicians. Hospital empiric antimicrobial guidelines for common infections were available according to 110/139 (79.1%) participants. Pre-authorisation of antimicrobials was reported by 88/113 (77.9%) respondents while prospective audit and feedback was reported by 93/114 (81.6%). Automatic stop orders and culture-guided de-escalation were reported by only 52/113 (46.0%) and 27/112 (24.1%) respectively. CONCLUSION: The survey reveals a wide range of ASP development in Asia Pacific. Establishing national workgroups and guidelines will help advance antimicrobial stewardship in this diverse region.


Assuntos
Gestão de Antimicrobianos , Adulto , Austrália , China , Humanos , Singapura , Taiwan , Tailândia , Vietnã , Recursos Humanos
7.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(7): 1252-1257, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33318402

RESUMO

Extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF) can improve the learning and memory impairment of rats with Alzheimer's disease, however, its effect on cerebral ischemia remains poorly understood. In this study, we established rat models of middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion. One day after modeling, a group of rats were treated with ELF-EMF (50 Hz, 1 mT) for 2 hours daily on 28 successive days. Our results showed that rats treated with ELF-EMF required shorter swimming distances and latencies in the Morris water maze test than those of untreated rats. The number of times the platform was crossed and the time spent in the target quadrant were greater than those of untreated rats. The number of BrdU+/NeuN+ cells, representing newly born neurons, in the hippocampal subgranular zone increased more in the treated than in untreated rats. Up-regulation in the expressions of Notch1, Hes1, and Hes5 proteins, which are the key factors of the Notch signaling pathway, was greatest in the treated rats. These findings suggest that ELF-EMF can enhance hippocampal neurogenesis of rats with cerebral ischemia, possibly by affecting the Notch signaling pathway. The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of Sichuan University, China (approval No. 2019255A) on March 5, 2019.

9.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 72(9): 1176-1185, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436614

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Curcumin presents some therapeutic effects including anti-cancer and anti-inflammation. Herein, we centred on the functional role of curcumin in cerebral ischaemia injury and its potential molecular mechanisms. METHODS: Microarray analysis was used for excavating crucial genes in cerebral ischaemia. PC12 cells were subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R) to imitate cerebral ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in vitro. Cell viability and apoptosis abilities were evaluated by Cell Counting Kit-8 and flow cytometry assays. qRT-PCR, Western blot and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were performed to assess the concentrations of related genes. KEY FINDINGS: By enquiring GEO dataset, C-C motif chemokine ligand 3 (CCL3) was profoundly upregulated in cerebral I/R injury model. And CCL3 was found to be highly expressed in PC12 cells suffered from OGD/R. Moreover, we found that CCL3 was a potential target of curcumin in cerebral I/R injury. More importantly, the following experiments illustrated that curcumin inhibited the expression of CCL3 in OGD/R model and reduced cell apoptosis and inflammation. Moreover, high expression levels of TLR4, MyD88, p-NF-κB P65, p-P38 MAPK and p-IκBα in OGD/R model were inhibited by curcumin. CONCLUSIONS: Our study manifested that curcumin might be a meritorious drug for the treatment of cerebral ischaemia by acting on CCL3.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Curcumina/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Isquemia Encefálica/genética , Quimiocina CCL3/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucose/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Células PC12 , Ratos , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/genética , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética , Fator de Transcrição RelA/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética
10.
World J Pediatr ; 16(3): 232-239, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32333248

RESUMO

In the early February, 2020, we called up an experts' committee with more than 30 Chinese experts from 11 national medical academic organizations to formulate the first edition of consensus statement on diagnosis, treatment and prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in children, which has been published in this journal. With accumulated experiences in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 in children, we have updated the consensus statement and released the second edition recently. The current version in English is a condensed version of the second edition of consensus statement on diagnosis, treatment and prevention of COVID-19 in children. In the current version, diagnosis and treatement criteria have been optimized, and early identification of severe and critical cases is highlighted. The early warning indicators for severe pediatric cases have been summarized which is utmost important for clinical practice. This version of experts consensus will be valuable for better prevention, diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 in children worldwide.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Criança , Consenso , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
12.
World J Pediatr ; 16(2): 185-192, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of pertussis cases have been reported in recent years. The reported cases from Shenzhen Children's Hospital were close to one tenth of all cases in China. The epidemiology of antigenic genotype and antibiotic resistance of circulating strains in children have been unknown in Shenzhen, southern China. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features and explore the genotypes and antimicrobial susceptibility of circulating Bordetella pertussis among children in Shenzhen. METHODS: Data of hospitalized children with pertussis in Shenzhen Children's Hospital from August 2015 to April 2017 were collected. The genetic variability of isolates was investigated and Etest was performed for phenotypic susceptibility to erythromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin, clindamycin, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. RESULTS: 469 children with pertussis confirmed by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction were hospitalized and strains were isolated from 105 patients. White blood cell count ≥ 20 × 109/L and lymphocyte proportion ≥ 60% were observed in 39.29% of infants younger than 3 months. The two predominant profiles of virulence-associated allelic genes were ptxA1/ptxC1/ptxP1/prn1 (48.6%) and ptxA1/ptxC2/ptxP3/prn2 (44.8%). Among the isolates, 48.6% (51/105) were found resistant to macrolides. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that leukocytosis is not a sensitive indicator of pertussis. Isolates with the gene profile ptxP3/prn2 were highly circulating in Shenzhen and less resistant to macrolides, different from patterns observed in other parts of China.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bordetella pertussis/efeitos dos fármacos , Bordetella pertussis/genética , Coqueluche/diagnóstico , Coqueluche/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Epidemiologia Molecular
15.
World J Pediatr ; 14(4): 335-343, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30062648

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Children as a population have high antimicrobial prescribing rates which may lead to high resistance of bacteria according to data from some single-center surveys of antibiotic prescribing rates in China. The acquirement of baseline data of antibiotic prescribing is the basis of developing intervention strategies on inappropriate antimicrobial prescriptions. Few studies show clearly the pattern and detailed information on classes of antibiotics and distribution of indications of antibiotic prescriptions in children in China. This study aims to assess the antibiotic prescribing patterns among children and neonates hospitalized in 18 hospitals in China. METHODS: A 24-hour point prevalence survey on antimicrobial prescribing was conducted in hospitalized neonates and children in China from December 1st, 2016 to February 28th, 2017. Information on the antibiotic use of patients under 18 years of age who were administered one or more on-going antibiotics in the selected wards over a 24-hour period was collected. These data were submitted to the GARPEC (Global Antimicrobial Resistance, Prescribing and Efficacy in Children and Neonates) web-based application ( https://pidrg-database.sgul.ac.uk/redcap/ ). For statistical analysis, Microsoft Excel 2007 and SPSS 22.0 were used. RESULTS: The antibiotic data were collected in 35 wards in 18 hospitals from 9 provinces. In total, 67.76% (975/1439) of the patients (n = 1439) were given at least one antibiotic, including 58.1% (173/298) of neonates (n = 298) and 70.3% (802/1141) of children (n = 1141). In neonates, the three most frequently prescribed antibiotics were third-generation cephalosporins (41.7%), penicillins plus enzyme inhibitor (23.8%), and carbapenems (11.2%). In children, the three most frequently prescribed antibiotics were third-generation cephalosporins (35.5%), macrolides (23.2%), and penicillins plus enzyme inhibitors (15.9%). The most common indication for antibiotics was proven or probable bacterial lower respiratory tract infection (30.9% in neonates and 66.6% in children). CONCLUSIONS: Antibiotics are commonly prescribed in the Chinese children population. It is likely that the third-generation cephalosporins and macrolides are currently overused in Chinese children. Efforts must be made to ensure safe and appropriate antibiotic prescribing to reduce and prevent the future development of antibiotic resistance.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Uso de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Prescrição Inadequada/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Prevalência , Medição de Risco
16.
Int J Infect Dis ; 74: 47-53, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30100536

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical characteristics and etiology of bacterial meningitis (BM) in Chinese children. METHOD: BM cases in children 28days to 18 years old were collected from January 2014-December 2016 and screened according to World Health Organization standards. Clinical features, pathogens, and resistance patterns were analyzed. RESULTS: Overall, 837 cases were classified into five age groups: 28 days-2 months (17.0%), 3-11 months (27.8%), 12-35 months (24.0%), 3-6 years (13.9%), and >6years (17.3%). Major pathogens were Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae, n=136, 46.9%), group B Streptococcus (GBS, n=29, 10.0%), and Escherichia coli (E. coli, n=23, 7.9%). In infants <3 months old, GBS (46.5%) and E. coli (23.3%) were most common; in children >3 months old, S. pneumoniae (54.7%), which had a penicillin non-susceptibility rate of 55.4% (36/65), was most frequent. The resistance rates of S. pneumoniae and E. coli to cefotaxime and ceftriaxone were 14.0%/40.0% and 11.3%/68.4%, respectively. All GBS isolates were sensitive to penicillin. CONCLUSIONS: The occurrence of BM peaked in the first year of life, while S. pneumoniae was the predominant pathogen in children >3months of old. The antibiotic resistance of S. pneumoniae was a concern.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Meningites Bacterianas/microbiologia , Streptococcus agalactiae/isolamento & purificação , Streptococcus pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Adolescente , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cefotaxima/farmacologia , Ceftriaxona/farmacologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Meningites Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Meningites Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Penicilina G/farmacologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Streptococcus agalactiae/efeitos dos fármacos , Streptococcus agalactiae/genética , Streptococcus agalactiae/fisiologia , Streptococcus pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos , Streptococcus pneumoniae/genética , Streptococcus pneumoniae/fisiologia
17.
PLoS One ; 13(7): e0201245, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30044865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The burden of pneumococcal disease in China is high, and a 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) recently received regulatory approval and is available to Chinese infants. PCV13 protects against the most prevalent serotypes causing invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in China, but will not provide full societal benefits until made broadly available through a national immunization program (NIP). OBJECTIVE: To estimate clinical and economic benefits of introducing PCV13 into a NIP in China using local cost estimates and accounting for variability in vaccine uptake and indirect (herd protection) effects. METHODS: We developed a population model to estimate the effect of PCV13 introduction in China. Modeled health states included meningitis, bacteremia, pneumonia (PNE), acute otitis media, death and sequelae, and no disease. Direct healthcare costs and disease incidence data for IPD and PNE were derived from the China Health Insurance and Research Association database; all other parameters were derived from published literature. We estimated total disease cases and associated costs, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and deaths for three scenarios from a Chinese Payer Perspective: (1) direct effects only, (2) direct+indirect effects for IPD only, and (3) direct+indirect effects for IPD and inpatient PNE. RESULTS: Scenario (1) resulted in 370.3 thousand QALYs gained and 12.8 thousand deaths avoided versus no vaccination. In scenarios (2) and (3), the PCV13 NIP gained 383.2 thousand and 3,580 thousand QALYs, and avoided 13.1 thousand and 147.5 thousand deaths versus no vaccination, respectively. In all three scenarios, the vaccination cost was offset by cost reductions from prevented disease yielding net costs of ¥29,362.32 million, ¥29,334.29 million, and ¥13,524.72 million, respectively. All resulting incremental cost-effectiveness ratios fell below a 2x China GDP cost-effectiveness threshold across a range of potential vaccine prices. DISCUSSION: Initiation of a PCV13 NIP in China incurs large upfront costs but is good value for money, and is likely to prevent substantial cases of disease among children and non-vaccinated individuals.


Assuntos
Programas de Imunização/economia , Infecções Pneumocócicas/prevenção & controle , Vacinas Pneumocócicas/economia , Vacinas Conjugadas/economia , Bacteriemia/economia , Bacteriemia/epidemiologia , Bacteriemia/prevenção & controle , China/epidemiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Análise Custo-Benefício , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Humanos , Lactente , Meningite/economia , Meningite/epidemiologia , Meningite/prevenção & controle , Modelos Estatísticos , Otite Média/economia , Otite Média/epidemiologia , Otite Média/prevenção & controle , Infecções Pneumocócicas/economia , Infecções Pneumocócicas/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/economia , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Anos de Vida Ajustados por Qualidade de Vida , Vacinação/economia
18.
Oncol Lett ; 14(1): 137-144, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28693145

RESUMO

The aim of the current study was to investigate the chromosomal aberrations of exfoliated bladder cells in the urine and blood oxidative stress in patients with bladder transitional cell carcinoma (BTCC). A total of 40 healthy controls and 246 patients with BTCC were recruited. Abnormal levels of CSP3, CSP7, CSP17 and GLPp16 were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in exfoliated bladder cells in the urine of patients with BTCC. Serum total oxidant status (TOS), total antioxidant status (TAS) and oxidative stress index (OSI) were measured. Significant differences were observed in the abnormal CSP3, CSP7, CSP17, GLPp16 signals and FISH positive rate between patients with BTCC and healthy controls (P<0.001). Serum TOS, TAS and OSI were also significantly different between the two groups (P<0.001). The clinical stage of BTCC was not associated with abnormal CSP3, CSP7, CSP17, GLPp16 or FISH positive rate and oxidative stress (P>0.05). A Gamma rank correlation analysis revealed an association between the pathological grade of BTCC with abnormal CSP3, CSP7 and CSP17 as well as FISH positive rate (P<0.001). In addition, the clinical stage of BTCC was associated with serum TOS, TAS and OSI (P<0.001). Evaluation of the association between chromosomal aberrations and oxidative stress revealed that abnormal CSP3, CSP7 and CSP17 were positively associated with serum TOS and OSI (P<0.001), abnormal CSP7 and CSP17 were negatively associated with serum TAS (P<0.001), but abnormal GLPp16 was not associated with serum TOS, TAS or OSI (P>0.05). Therefore, the chromosomal aberrations of exfoliated bladder cells in the urine are associated with blood oxidative stress in patients with BTCC, and these factors may contribute to the occurrence and development of BTCC.

19.
Expert Rev Vaccines ; 16(10): 997-1006, 2017 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28745918

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) is a major pathogen of infectious diseases in children. Surveillance of the distribution of pneumococcus serotypes is important for immunization strategies of pneumococcal polysaccharide conjugate vaccines (PCVs). Areas covered: This article is a systematic review of studies conducted from 2006 to 2016 that document serotypes of S. pneumoniae isolated from children less than 14 years old in the mainland of China. A total of 40 studies were included in this review. Serotypes 19F, 19A, 23F, 14 and 6B were the most common. Serotype prevalence and percentage varied by region and associated strains. The serotype coverage rate of PCV13 was higher than that of PCV10 due to the prevalence of serotype 19A, and there were no significant difference between the coverage rate of PCV13 and PPSV23. Expert commentary: To prevent Chinese children from S. pneumoniae infection, it is necessary for the universal immunization of PCV13 or develop new vaccines that include all the prevalent serotypes in China.


Assuntos
Vacinas Pneumocócicas/administração & dosagem , Pneumonia Pneumocócica/prevenção & controle , Streptococcus pneumoniae/imunologia , Vacinação , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Programas de Imunização/organização & administração , Lactente , Pneumonia Pneumocócica/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Pneumocócica/imunologia , Pneumonia Pneumocócica/microbiologia , Sorogrupo , Streptococcus pneumoniae/classificação , Cobertura Vacinal/estatística & dados numéricos , Vacinas Conjugadas
20.
Indian J Orthop ; 51(3): 269-272, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28566777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) are effective procedures for the treatment of vertebral compression fractures (VCFs). However, recent studies have reported that secondary VCFs develop in patients after PVP or PKP treatment. This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and management of secondary fractures after PVP or PKP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 599 cases who had vertebral compression fracture and underwent PVP or PKP between September 2008 and June 2014 were enrolled, including 121 males and 478 females. Secondary fractures were observed in 52 cases, including 3 males and 49 females, who were treated by re-operation with PVP or PKP. RESULTS: The ratio of secondary fracture after PVP or PKP was 8.68% in all cases. The age ranged from 59 to 92 years (74.41 ± 6.83 average). A composition of 44.44% of the secondary fracture occurred near the initial fracture vertebrae. After re-operation with PVP or PKP, visual analog scale score significantly decreased to 2.72 ± 0.88 or 2.52 ± 1.12, respectively, anterior height of vertebral bodies increased to 24.69 ± 4.59 or 24.54 ± 5.97 mm, respectively, and middle height of vertebral bodies increased to 20.90 ± 3.72 or 20.36 ± 6.33 mm, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: There is a high chance of secondary fracture near the initially operated vertebrae after PVP or PKP. Re-operation with PVP or PKP achieves satisfactory outcomes in these patients such as pain relief and the recovery of the vertebrae height.

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