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1.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1177: 338786, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482889

RESUMO

Biological thiols importantly regulate the intracellular redox activity and metabolic level, but many of the developed probes for biothiols are facing difficulty in effectively distinguishing GSH from Cys/Hcy due to the similarity in mechanism. In this work, despite the previous pattern of "Logic Gate", we reported the concept of "Fluorescence Fusion" for the first time to achieve only one excitation-emission process. The exploited the probe, MZ-NBD, could quickly measure GSH in 10 min with a large Stokes shift (130 nm). Though the reacting mechanism was similar, only GSH could cause the "Fluorescence Fusion" with only one strong fluorescence response while Cys/Hcy caused two peaks. Adjusting the excitation wavelength could hardly split the fused peak into two. Though image recognition by artificial intelligence could easily distinguish the patterns of peaks, here we used the signal-treating method to realize the high selectivity towards GSH. Moreover, MZ-NBD could be utilized for rapid detection of GSH in living MCF-7 cells, which was more suitable for GSH than using the "Logic Gate" strategy. More than introducing a novel probe with the new concept, this work was meaningful as the linker of traditional reaction-based fluorescent probes and potential image recognition by artificial intelligence, thus led to various future researches in inter-disciplines.


Assuntos
Cisteína , Glutationa , Inteligência Artificial , Fluorescência , Corantes Fluorescentes , Glutationa/isolamento & purificação , Homocisteína , Humanos , Células MCF-7
2.
Biomater Sci ; 9(19): 6501-6509, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582538

RESUMO

Recently, hypothermal photothermal therapy (HPTT) seemed essential for the future clinical transformation of cancer optical therapies. However, at a lower working temperature, heat shock proteins (HSPs) seriously affect the anti-tumor effect of HPTT. This work reports a reasonable design of a dual-responsive nanoplatform for the synergistic treatment of chemotherapy and HPTT. We adopted a one-step method to wrap indocyanine green (ICG) into imidazole skeleton-8 (ZIF-8) and further loaded it with the chemotherapy drug doxorubicin (DOX). Furthermore, we introduced Hsp-70 siRNA to block the affection of HSPs at an upstream node, thereby avoiding the side effects of traditional heat shock protein inhibitors. The prepared ZIF-8@ICG@DOX@siRNA nanoparticles (ZID-Si NPs) could significantly improve the stability of siRNA to effectively down-regulate the expression of HSP70 protein during the photothermal therapy, thus realizing the pH-controlled and NIR-triggered release of the chemotherapeutical drug DOX. Moreover, tumors were also imaged accurately by ICG wrapped in ZID-Si nanoparticles. After the evaluation of the in vitro and in vivo photothermal effect as well as the anti-tumor activity, we found that the added Hsp-70 siRNA enhanced the synergistic anti-cancer activity of HPTT and chemotherapy. In summary, this work holds great potential in cancer treatment, and suggests better efficacy of synergistic chemo/HPTT than the single-agent therapy.


Assuntos
Hipertermia Induzida , Nanopartículas , Doxorrubicina , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos , Verde de Indocianina , Terapia Fototérmica , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética
3.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(30): 6068-6075, 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34286809

RESUMO

Mitochondrial proteins, most of which are encoded in the nucleus and the rest of which are regulated by the mitochondrial genome, play pivotal roles in essential cellular functions. However, fluorescent probes that can be used for monitoring mitochondrial proteins have not yet been widely developed, thereby severely limiting the exploration of the functions of proteins in mitochondria. Towards this end, here we propose a near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence probe MPP to effectively illuminate the dynamic changes in mitochondrial proteins in live cells under oxidative stress, with excellent temporal and spatial resolution. Of particular importance, MPP extends the study of the pharmacology involved in apoptosis induced by anti-cancer drugs (hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT), epirubicin (Epi) and cyclophosphamide (CPA)) for the first time. Furthermore, employing a protein-activatable strategy, this probe could serve as an excellent phototherapeutic agent in photodynamic therapy (PDT). Finally, in vivo experiments suggest that this versatile probe can be used to image tumors in HeLa tumor-bearing mice for 24 h, which demonstrates that our probe could play a dual role as a robust phototherapeutic and imaging agent.

4.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(23): 4678-4689, 2021 06 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34075929

RESUMO

In recent years, the antitumor application of photodynamic therapy (PDT) has gained widespread interest in treating solid tumors. Due to the hypoxic environment in tumors, the major limit of PDT seems to be the source of oxygen. In this work, we attempted to relieve hypoxia and enhance photodynamic therapy, and therefore, designed and assembled a catalytic cascade-enhanced PDT multifunctional nanoplatform. The mentioned platform termed UIO@Ca-Pt is based on porphyrinic metal-organic framework (UIO) combination, which is simultaneously loaded by CaO2 NPs with polydopamine (PDA) and then the Pt raw material to further improve biocompatibility and efficiency. In a tumor microenvironment, CaO2 could react with water to generate calcium hydroxide and hydrogen peroxide, which was further decomposed by Pt nanoparticles to form oxygen, thereby facilitating the generation of cytotoxic singlet oxygen by photosensitizer TCPP under laser irradiation. Both in vitro and in vivo experiment results confirmed the excellent oxygen production capacity and enhanced PDT effect of UIO@Ca-Pt. With guaranteed safety in PDT, the oxygen-supplying strategy might stimulate considerable interest in the development of various metal-organic materials with multifunctionality for tumor diagnosis and therapy.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Porfirinas/química , Animais , Catálise , Linhagem Celular , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Análise Multivariada , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Biosensors (Basel) ; 11(5)2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33922028

RESUMO

In this work, a novel fluorescent probe with first-time-selected thiazepine backbone, TZPzine-1, was developed for selective detection of hydrazine in water samples and living cells. Chosen from our recent anti-cancer agents, TZPzine-1 inferred structurally based advantages of the optical adjustability and the hydrazine-trapping approach. It also showed applicable properties including high sensitivity (LOD = 50 nM), wide linear range (0-15 equiv.), high selectivity (especially from competing species), rapid response (within 20 min), and practical steadiness in various pH (6.0-11.0) and temperature (15-50 °C) conditions. To satisfy the interdisciplinary requirements in environmental toxicology, TZPzine-1 was successfully applied in water samples and living cells. We hope that the information in this work, as well as the concept of monitoring the nitrogen cycle, may be referable for future research on systematic management.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Hidrazinas/análise , Células HeLa , Humanos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
6.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1152: 338243, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648638

RESUMO

Cysteine (Cys) is an indispensable small organic molecule containing sulfhydryl groups, which has essential regulatory effects on the physiological process of human body. In this work, a red emission fluorescent probe TCFQ-Cys was designed and exploited based on 2-(3-cyano-4,5,5-trimethylfuran-2(5H)-ylidene) malononitrile-derivatives. The probe could effectively monitor Cys through the typical acrylate cleavage. The detecting system showed a red emission at 633 nm and the fluorescence was stable within the pH range of 6-9. The detection could be completed in 30 min. TCFQ-Cys presented high sensitivity with a detection limit of 0.133 µM and high selectivity towards Cys from other biological mercaptans. The most important feature was that the system had a wide linear range of 0-300 µM, which covered the physiological requirements of Cys detection. Subsequently, we conducted the biological imaging of Cys in MCF-7 cells and Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans). Therefore, TCFQ-Cys had a practical application prospect for further investigating the physiological function of Cys.


Assuntos
Cisteína , Corantes Fluorescentes , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans , Células HeLa , Humanos , Compostos de Sulfidrila
7.
Curr Med Chem ; 28(28): 5808-5830, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the past few decades, with the abuse of antibiotics, bacterial resistance has enhanced constantly. More and more super species of bacteria, which are seriously threatening human health, have been discovered. Developing novel antibacterial agents to overcome the drug-resistance is an urgent duty. We all know that blocking the information-transfer of bacterial DNA and RNA is one of the effective ways to inhibit bacterial growth. Therefore, as the indispensable enzyme for DNA replication and transcription, DNA gyrase is one of the important targets for bacterial inhibitors. Accordingly, many inhibitors of DNA gyrase have also been developed. METHODS: In this review, to highlight the recent progress in DNA gyrase inhibitors, the study in this field over the past three years (2017-2019) was summarized and organized based on their backbones or core moieties. Both of the subunits of DNA gyrase were taken into consideration. RESULTS: These DNA gyrase inhibitors have been classified based on their backbones or core moieties. After the comparison of the divided 14 categories, we could achieve some clues for future modification. In particular, we found that benzodiazepines and naphthalene heterocycles were the most common structures in the drug design. On the other hand, isopropyl and cyclopropyl have also been used in drug design, which provides more inspiration for the investigations. Except for GSK2140944, which has entered the phase III clinical trial stage, other compounds here were not fully promulgated with their optimal pharmacokinetic activity. CONCLUSION: We briefly summed up the current situation and future challenges on this topic. Through the discussion of the design strategies and drug effect, we hope that this review can provide a focused direction for future researches.


Assuntos
DNA Girase , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Bactérias , DNA Bacteriano , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/farmacologia
8.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 175: 451-458, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33556404

RESUMO

Enzyme reaction has been accepted widely in numerous applications owing to the high efficiency and stereo-selectivity, as well as simple preparation by gene engineering. However, the fragility and complex purification process of the enzyme are long-standing problems which limit the large-scale application. One possible solution may be the enzyme immobilization. As one type of porous material with high loading capacity and designable functionality, Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) are ideal choices for the immobilization of enzyme with a considerable interest in recent years. In this study, d-amino acid transaminase (DAT), an important enzyme for industrial synthesis of d-Ala, was covalently immobilized on the surface of a star MOFs material, UiO-66-NH2. Interestingly, we found that the nanoscale hybrid enzyme UiO-66-NH2-Gd-DAT not only maintained the high catalytic efficiency but also got rid of the interference of polluting enzymes, which meant that we could obtain efficient and stereo-selective immobilized enzyme without complex purification process. In general, our findings demonstrated that using UiO-66-NH2 might be a promising strategy to immobilize enzyme and produce effective biocatalyst with high activity and stereo-selectivity.


Assuntos
Alanina/biossíntese , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Ácidos Ftálicos/química , Transaminases/química , Adsorção , Aminoácidos , Catálise , Enzimas Imobilizadas/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Porosidade , Transaminases/metabolismo , Água , Purificação da Água
9.
Bioorg Chem ; 108: 104585, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33508676

RESUMO

In this work, a series of diaryl benzo[b][1,4]thiazepine derivatives D1-D36 were synthesized and screened as tubulin polymerization inhibitors with anti-tumor potency. They were designed by introducing the seven-member ring benzothiazepine as the linker for CA-4 modification for the first time. Among them, the hit compound D8 showed potential on inhibiting the growth of several cancer cell lines (IC50 values: 1.48 µM for HeLa, 1.47 µM for MCF-7, 1.52 µM for HT29 and 1.94 µM for A549), being comparable with the positive controls Colchicine and CA-4P. The calculated IC50 value of D8 as an tubulin polymerization inhibitor was 1.20 µM. The results of the flow cytometry assay revealed that D8 could induce the mitotic catastrophe and the death of living cancer cells. D8 also indicated the anti-vascular activity. The possible binding pattern was implied by docking simulation, inferring the possibility of introducing interactions with the nearby tubulin chain. Since the novel structural trial has been conducted with preliminary discussion, this work might stimulate new ideas in further modification of tubulin-related anti-cancer agents and therapeutic approaches.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Tiazepinas/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Polimerização/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiazepinas/síntese química , Tiazepinas/química , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo , Moduladores de Tubulina/síntese química , Moduladores de Tubulina/química
10.
Anticancer Agents Med Chem ; 21(7): 825-838, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32416703

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Along with the progress in medicine and therapies, the exploitation of anti-cancer agents focused more on the vital signaling pathways and key biological macromolecules. With rational design and advanced synthesis, quinoline derivatives have been utilized frequently in medicinal chemistry, especially in developing anti-cancer drugs or candidates. METHODS: Using DOI searching, articles published before 2020 all over the world have been reviewed as comprehensively as possible. RESULTS: In this review, we selected the representative quinoline derivate drugs in market or clinical trials, classified them into five major categories with detailed targets according to their main mechanisms, discussed the relationship within the same mechanism, and generated a summative discussion with prospective expectations. For each mechanism, the introduction of the target was presented, with the typical examples of quinoline derivate drugs. CONCLUSION: This review has highlighted the quinoline drugs or candidates, suited them into corresponding targets in their pathways, summarized and discussed. We hope that this review may help the researchers who are interested in discovering quinoline derivate anti-cancer agents obtain considerable understanding of this specific topic. Through the flourishing period and the vigorous strategies in clinical trials, quinoline drugs would be potential but facing new challenges in the future.

11.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 244: 118830, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32858451

RESUMO

Hypochlorite, as one of reactive oxygen species, has drawn much attention due to its essential roles in special biological events and disorders. The exogenous hypochlorite remains a risk for human, animals and plants. In this work, a novel water soluble quinolin-containing nitrone derivative T has been developed for fluorometric sensing hypochlorite. The response mechanism of T towards ClO- was reported for the first time. In comparison with the reported sensors for ClO-, the sensor T in this work exhibited advantages including high selectivity (80 fold over other analytes), rapid response (within 5 s) and lipid-water distribution transformation (LogP from 2.979 to 6.131). Further biological applications suggested that T was capable of monitoring both exogenous and endogenous ClO- in living cells. The imaging in Arabidopsis thaliana indicated that the absorption and transmission of ClO- in plant could be monitored by this sensor through the chlorine-related mechanism. This work might raise referable information for further investigations in the physiological and pathological events in both tumor and plants.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis , Ácido Hipocloroso , Animais , Corantes Fluorescentes , Humanos
12.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 245: 118879, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920440

RESUMO

A novel curcumin-analogous fluorescent sensor, DNP, was developed for cysteine detection with a bilateral-response click-like mechanism. DNP indicated high selectivity and practical sensitivity. It could recognize Cys from other biologically relevant molecules, especially, from GSH and Hcy. The most interesting point was that, with typical azide groups for sensing, DNP indicated a covalent binding procedure with Cys instead of a presupposed simple reduction for reductive sulfide. Moreover, the recognition occurred at both sides of the sensor. DNP could be utilized into the detection of endogenous and exogenous Cys in living cells. Though the specific optical performances of DNP still need optimization, this work supplied novel information for broadening the vision on fluorophores and mechanisms, for the monitoring of Cys and even other sulfur-containing species.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Cisteína , Corantes Fluorescentes , Glutationa , Células HeLa , Homocisteína , Humanos
13.
Bioorg Chem ; 105: 104390, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33137555

RESUMO

As an essential enzyme with a variety of physiological functions, Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) is also closely related to carcinoma due to the observed overexpression. In this work, a novel series of sulfonamide-containing aminophosphonate derivatives (A1-A25) were developed as selective COX-2 inhibitors and anti-cancer candidates. The top hit compound A23 presented applicative COX-2 inhibitory activity (IC50 = 0.28 µM) and anti-proliferative capability against several cancer cell lines (IC50 = 2.34-16.43 µM for HeLa, MCF-7, HCT116 and HepG2 cells). Among them, A23 has the most significant inhibitory effect on HCT116 cells, which were comparable with that of the positive controls respectively (eg: IC50 = 8.73 µM for HCT116). The binding pattern of A23 was inferred by the molecular docking simulation. Moreover, A23 could induce the apoptosis via a mitochondrion-dependent mode and cause the arrest of the cell-cycle in G1 stage. A further investigation in the checkpoints of apoptosis indicated that the node Bcl-2 might connect the selective COX-2 inhibition and the anti-tumor activity. Therefore, this work brought new information for developing COX-2 inhibitors in anti-tumor therapies in future.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Organofosfonatos/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/síntese química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Organofosfonatos/síntese química , Organofosfonatos/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/química
14.
Talanta ; 219: 121217, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887118

RESUMO

A practical strategy of introducing ortho-methoxyl group was explored to achieve the fluorescence-enhancing and bathochromic-shift bi-functional optimization. It was tested in the Cys sensing ISOPH-X series, thus the successful case, ISOPH-2, was obtained. It realized the optimization in a simple and compatible way. The corresponding strategy was basically established during the confirmation of checkpoints including applicable steadiness (over 24 h), wide pH range (7.0-9.0), rapid response (20 min), good biocompatibility, high sensitivity (LOD = 0.072 nm), high selectivity and biological monitoring of Cys in living cells as well as C. elegans. In this work, the o-methoxyl introduction strategy led to a 15 nm red shift and a near 4-fold fluorescence enhancement. This strategy could be combined with the double bond-introducing approach. Compared with reported strategies, by breaking the dilemma between red shift and strong fluorescent intensity, this strategy might offer beneficial information for exploiting better sensors with more fluorophores and mechanisms for their targets.

15.
Chem Asian J ; 15(21): 3551-3557, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32954664

RESUMO

Employing a sequentially activated probe design method, an activatable, switchable and dual-mode probe was designed. This nanoprobe, HSDPP, could be effectively activated by H2 S to form H-type aggregates with green emission; subsequently, the aggregates could bind to mtDNA to form monomers and the emIssion color switched from green to deep-red. We exploited HSDPP to image exogenous and endogenous H2 S in living cells. Of note, for the first time, this novel nanoprobe with an optimal partition coefficient value (LogP=1.269) was successfully applied for tracking the endogenous H2 S upregulation stimulated by cystathionase activator S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) in mice brains. Finally, our work provides an invaluable chemical tool for probing endogenous H2 S upregulation in vitro/vivo and, importantly, affords a prospective design strategy for developing switchable chemosensors to unveil the relationship between biomolecules and DNA in mitochondria in many promising areas.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Ésteres/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/análise , Iodobenzoatos/química , Nanopartículas/química , Animais , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Ésteres/síntese química , Corantes Fluorescentes/síntese química , Sulfeto de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Iodobenzoatos/síntese química , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Imagem Óptica , Tamanho da Partícula , S-Adenosilmetionina/farmacologia , Propriedades de Superfície
16.
Bioorg Chem ; 102: 104096, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32707279

RESUMO

Cyclooxygenase is critical for maintaining physiological functions, whereas overexpression of COX-2 was closely implicated in various cancers. In this study, a series of novel aminophosphonate derivatives containing pyrazole moiety were synthesized with their anti-cancer activity evaluated. In vitro assays of the target compounds showed that Z21 displayed excellent COX-2 inhibitory activity against COX-2 (IC50 = 0.22 ± 0.04 µM) and anti-proliferative activity against MCF-7 cell (IC50 = 4.37 ± 0.49 µM). The apoptosis induction of compound Z21 was confirmed by flow cytometry and polymerase chain reaction. Further investigation demonstrated that compound Z21 induced apoptosis of MCF-7 cells through a mitochondrion-dependent pathway and involved cell-cycle arrest in G2 phase. Overall, these results provided some new insights into the design of therapeutic drugs for COX-2 inhibitors and indicated the connection between selective COX-2 inhibition and the anti-tumor activity.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Descoberta de Drogas , Organofosfonatos/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/síntese química , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Organofosfonatos/síntese química , Organofosfonatos/química , Pirazóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Crit Rev Anal Chem ; : 1-21, 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723179

RESUMO

Human serum albumin (HSA) is a biological macromolecule with important physiological functions; abnormal HSA levels are associated with coronary heart disease, multiple myeloma, diabetes, nephropathy, neurometabolic disorders, liver cirrhosis and other diseases. Therefore, accurate and quantitative detection of HAS have extremely important research and application value in biological science, molecular biology, clinical medicine and other fields. As for the detection method of HSA, dye-binding method and immune method are the first to be used, and have been applied in clinical detection. In recent years, many new detection technologies have emerged, such as fluorescent probe detection method, nano-materials for HSA detection, biosensor and so on. Although there are many methods developed recently to detect HSA, comprehensive reviews for HSA detection methods are still rare. Thus, writing this review to fill in the blank is in need. In order to highlight the recent progress in the field of HSA detection, in this review, the methods used to detect HSA are summarized and sorted, the advantages and disadvantages of these detection methods are also listed, then the research progress of small molecular fluorescence probe method is emphatically introduced in this paper. Then, we briefly discussed the challenges and future development directions in this field.

18.
Crit Rev Anal Chem ; : 1-25, 2020 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715731

RESUMO

Mercury is a highly toxic and non-essential element that is found in every corner of the globe. The small amount of mercury produced by various pathways eventually enters freshwater and marine ecosystems, circulating through the food chain (especially fish) and causing various environmental problems in aspects including plants, animals, and human. There are several traditional quantitative methods developed for mercury ions (II) analysis in water samples. However, due to the complexity of the detection process, high cost and strong technical expertise, it is difficult to detect mercury ions in real-time. Therefore, in recent years, a large number of researchers have developed small-molecule fluorescent probes for Hg ions detection. Fluorimetry has the advantages of convenient detection, short response time, high sensitivity and good selectivity. This review summarized the small-molecule fluorescent probes for mercuric ion detection developed in recent years according to the chemical structural classification, compared their performances and elaborated the mechanism. We hope that the review will help the researches for the designs of metal ions fluorescent probes and their applications with certain reference value.

19.
Talanta ; 217: 121087, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498830

RESUMO

Sulfur-containing species are essential in the composition and the metabolism of the organisms, thus developing a full set of implements to cover all of them is still a favorable choice. Herein, we chose imidazo [1,5-α]pyridine moiety as the basic fluorophore for the detection of sulfite, and preliminarily completed the toolset since biothiols (GSH, Cys, Hcy), H2S, and PhSH could be detected by sensors based on the same backbone. The designed sensor, IPD-SFT, with structural novelty and large Stokes shift (130 nm), indicated the most attractive advantages of remarkably rapid response period (within 1 min) and high selectivity for sulfite from all the sulfur-containing species. Other practical properties included high sensitivity (LOD = 50 nM) and wide pH adaptability (5.0-11.0). Furthermore, IPD-SFT could monitor both exogenous and endogenous sulfite. It not only raised a potential tool for sulfite detection, but also preliminarily completed the toolset for all the sulfur-containing species. The development of such toolsets might reveal the sulfur-containing metabolism and corresponding physiology and pathological procedures.

20.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(22): 24662-24674, 2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32394704

RESUMO

The abnormal angiogenesis and insufficient oxygen supply in solid tumors lead to intratumoral hypoxia, which severely limits the efficacy of traditional photodynamic therapy (PDT). Here, a multifunctional nanoplatform (ZDZP@PP) based on a zeolitic imidazolate framework-67 (ZIF-67) core as a hydrogen peroxide catalyst, a zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) shell with a pH-responsive property, and a polydopamine-poly(ethylene glycol) (PDA-PEG) layer for improving the biocompatibility is fabricated for not only relieving tumor hypoxia but also enhancing the efficacy of combination chemo-photodynamic therapy. The chemotherapy drug doxorubicin (DOX) and photosensitizer protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) are encapsulated in different layers independently; thus, a unique two-stage stepwise release becomes possible. Moreover, the nanoplatform can effectively decompose hydrogen peroxide to produce oxygen and thus relieve tumor hypoxia, which further facilitates the production of cytotoxic reactive oxygen species (ROS) by PpIX under laser irradiation. Both in vitro and in vivo experimental results confirm that the combination chemo-photodynamic therapy with the ZDZP@PP nanoplatform can provide more effective cancer treatment than chemotherapy or PDT alone. Consequently, the oxygen self-sufficient multifunctional nanoplatform holds promising potential to overcome hypoxia and treat solid tumors in the future.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Hipóxia Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Catálise , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Indóis/química , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Polímeros/química , Protoporfirinas/farmacologia , Protoporfirinas/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
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