Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 45
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Tipo de estudo
Intervalo de ano de publicação
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3323-3329, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602890

RESUMO

To study the correlation between ultra high performance liquid chromatography( UPLC) fingerprint of Smilax china and its anti-pelvic inflammatory effect,and to explore the pharmacodynamic material basis of S. china against pelvic inflammatory disease.UPLC fingerprints of 10 batches of S. china from different habitats were established,and the values of SOD,MDA,TNF-α,and IL-6 in rats with pelvic inflammation were measured. The weight of each single pharmacodynamics index to the total efficacy was determined by analytic hierarchy process,and the contribution of each peak in fingerprints to the each single pharmacodynamics index and total efficacy was analyzed by the grey relational analysis. Then the structures of chemical constituents at the identified peaks were confirmed by comparing with the reference substance. The 27 common characteristic peaks of UPLC fingerprints were all related to the anti-pelvic inflammation effect of S. china,of which 13 peaks were identified as peak 2( 3,5-dihydroxy-2-methylbenzoic acid-3-O-glucoside),peak 3( chlorogenic acid),peak 5( 2,7,4-trihydroxydihydroflavone-5-O-glucoside),peak 6( 7,4-dihydroxydihydroflavonol-5-O-glucoside),peak 7( taxifolin-7-O-glucoside),peak 9( taxifolin),peak 10( polydatin),peak 11( oxyresveratrol),peak 12( astilbin),peak15( resveratrol),peak 16( quercitrin),peak 18( engeletin) and peak 24( kaempferol). The correlation degree of 21 peaks and the total efficacy was greater than 0. 8,and the top 10 ranked by correlation degree were as follows: peak 1,3,7,19,18,17,4,11,16,and 21. The results showed that the anti-pelvic inflammation effect of S. china was achieved by the combined action of pharmacodynamic substances. In order to control the quality of S. china and its prepared slices more effectively,the index components of content detection should be selected reasonably.


Assuntos
Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/tratamento farmacológico , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Smilax/química , Animais , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Feminino , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Ratos
3.
Plant Sci ; 288: 110219, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521216

RESUMO

The 14-3-3 proteins are a family of highly conserved phosphoserine-binding proteins that participate in the regulation of diverse physiological and developmental processes. In this research, twenty 14-3-3 genes in apples, which contained a highly conserved 14-3-3 domain, were identified and divided into two subgroups. Among them, MdGRF11 was further cloned and investigated. qRT-PCR analyses and GUS staining show that MdGRF11 is expressed in various organs and tissues with the highest expression levels found in the fruit. MdGRF11 was upregulated by polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG 6000), NaCl, abscisic acid (ABA) and low temperature (4 °C) treatments. MdGRF11-overexpressing transgenic Arabidopsis and apple calli exhibited reduced sensitivity to salt and PEG 6000 treatments. Moreover, the ectopic expression of MdGRF11 improved the tolerance of transgenic tobacco to salt and drought stresses, which grew longer roots, underwent more growth, and presented higher chlorophyll levels than the wild-type control under salt and drought stress conditions. Furthermore, MdGRF11 expression remarkably reduced electrolyte leakage, malondialdehyde content levels, H2O2 and O2- accumulation under salt and drought stress conditions, which relied on the regulation of ROS-scavenging signaling to reduce oxidative damage of cells after salt and drought stress treatment. MdGRF11 also enhanced tolerance to stress by upregulating expression levels of ROS-scavenging and stress-related genes, especially improving responses to drought stress by modifying the water loss rates and stomatal aperture. Moreover, MdGRF11 could interact with MdAREB/ABF transcription factors through yeast two hybrid analyses. In conclusion, our results indicate that MdGRF11 acts as a positive regulator of salt and drought stress responses through regulating ROS scavenging and other signaling systems.

4.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(43): 15344-15348, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31449706

RESUMO

An unusual tetra-nuclear linear cyanido-bridged complex [Ru2 (µ-ap)4 -CN-Ru2 (µ-ap)4 ](BPh4 ) (1) (ap=2-anilinopyridinate) has been synthesized and well characterized. The crystallographic data, magnetic measurement, IR, EPR and theoretical calculation results demonstrate that complex 1 is the first example of mixed spin Ru2 5+ -based complex with uncommon electronic configurations of S=1/2 for the cyanido-C bound Ru2 5+ and S=3/2 for the cyanido-N bound Ru2 5+ . This phenomenon can be understood by the theoretical calculation results that from the precursor Ru2 (µ-ap)4 (CN) (S=3/2) to complex 1 the energy gap between π* and δ* orbitals of the cyanido-C bound Ru2 5+ core increases from 0.57 to 1.61 eV due to the enhancement of asymmetrical π back-bonding effect, but that of the cyanido-N bound Ru2 5+ core is essential identical (0.56 eV). Besides, the analysis of UV/Vis-NIR spectra suggests that there exists metal to metal charge transfer (MMCT) from the cyanido-N bound Ru2 5+ (S=3/2) to the cyanido-C bound Ru2 5+ (S=1/2), supported by the TDDFT calculations.

5.
Dalton Trans ; 48(25): 9303-9309, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31166345

RESUMO

To investigate MMCT excited states of MV complexes, two symmetrical tetranuclear cyanido-bridged localized MV complexes RuIICNRuIII,III2NCRuII have been designed and synthesized. The ultrafast time-resolved transient absorption (TA) spectroscopy experiment reveals that the MMCT rate of 1 and 2 is 0.18 × 1014 s-1 (τ = 5.7 × 10-14 s) and 0.29 × 1013 s-1 (τ = 3.46 × 10-13 s), respectively, which suggests that the MMCT rate or the lifetime of the MMCT excited state may be controlled by a slight change of the substituent group on the metal center.

6.
Dalton Trans ; 48(22): 7809-7816, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31070647

RESUMO

We detail the rational design of bimetallic cyanide-bridged complexes [TpmRu(LD)(µ-CN)Ru(LP)Cp*][PF6]2 (Tpm = Tris(1-pyrazolyl)methane, LD = 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), 2,2'-bipyridine (bpy), 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine (dbpy), LP = bis(diphenylphosphino)methane (dppm), bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane (dppe), Cp* = 1,2,3,4,5-pentamethylcyclopentadiene). The metal-to-metal charge transfer (MMCT) properties of these one-electron oxidized complexes were investigated, suggesting that the substitution of the ancillary ligand provides a strong impetus to systematically tune the MMCT properties. The investigation results indicate that all the mixed-valence complexes belong to Class II mixed-valence complexes, according to the Robin-Day classification.

7.
Stress ; 22(3): 366-376, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30821572

RESUMO

At low temperatures, the liver increases glucose utilization and expresses RNA-binding motif 3 (RBM3) to cope with cold exposure. In this study, the expression of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), bone marrow differentiation factor 88 (MYD88), and phosphorylated nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) was consistent with fluctuations in insulin in fasted cold-exposed mice. We also found up-regulation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1-alpha (PGC-1α) in acute cold exposure with a decrease in core body temperature. RBM3 transcription and translation were activated 2 h after cold exposure. The anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2/Bax ratio also increased, while expression of apoptosis factors: cleaved caspase-3, cleaved poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase 1 (PARP-1) and cytochrome-c (Cyt-c) was unchanged. Liver glycogen was depleted after 2 h of cold exposure, and blood glucose decreased after 4 h. Glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK3ß) phosphorylation continued to increase to promote hepatic glycogen synthesis. We found a high level of protein kinase B (AKT) phosphorylation after 6 h of cold exposure. In addition, we demonstrated that after cold exposure for 2 h, in the liver, continued phosphorylation of fructose-2,6-diphosphate (PFKFB2) and decreased accumulation of glycogen intermediates fructose-1,6-diphosphate (FDP) and pyruvic acid (PA). In summary, the liver responds to cold exposure through a number of different pathways, including activation of HSP70/TLR4 signaling pathways, up-regulation of RBM3 expression, and increased glycolysis and glycogen synthesis. We propose a possible signaling pathway in which regulation of RBM3 expression by the liver affects the AKT metabolic signaling pathway. Lay summary In response to changes in ambient temperature, mice regulate global metabolism and gene expression through hormones. This study focused on the effects of environmental hypothermia on molecular pathways of glucose metabolism in the liver, which is the important metabolic organ in mice. This provides a basis for further study of mice against cold exposure damage.

8.
Int J Infect Dis ; 79: 162-168, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30528665

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the molecular epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates between an old, urban hospital and a new, rural hospital over the same time period. METHODS: The molecular characteristics of 398 MRSA bloodstream isolates collected between 2007 and 2013 from two hospitals in Taiwan were analyzed retrospectively; 202 isolates were from the old hospital and 196 from the new hospital (opened in 2007). RESULTS: The rate of resistance to multiple antibiotics was significantly higher in the old hospital (93%) than in the new hospital (81%) (p<0.001). Genetic community-associated MRSA carrying staphylococcal cassette chromosome (SCC) type IV or V accounted for 58% of all MRSA isolates in the new hospital, significantly higher than the rate in the old hospital (p=0.018). The rate of spa t037-SCCmec III MRSA was significantly lower in the new hospital than in the old hospital (p=0.02). A significant decreasing trend in spa t002-SCCmec II MRSA isolates was observed in the old hospital (p=0.006), while the proportion of spa t037-SCCmec III MRSA decreased significantly in the new hospital (41.7% to 26.1%, p=0.022). CONCLUSIONS: The rate of multiple antibiotic resistance and the molecular characteristics of MRSA differed significantly between the old and new hospitals and changed over time.


Assuntos
Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/genética , Infecções Estafilocócicas/epidemiologia , Vancomicina/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla , Eritromicina/uso terapêutico , Fluoroquinolonas , Hospitais , Humanos , Linezolida/uso terapêutico , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/isolamento & purificação , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Epidemiologia Molecular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan/epidemiologia , Teicoplanina/uso terapêutico
9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 57(43): 14046-14050, 2018 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30182522

RESUMO

The two stable pairs of trimetallic compounds trans-[Cp*(dppe)Ru(µ-NC)Ru(dmap)4 (µ-CN)Ru(dppe)Cp*][PF6 ]n (1[PF6 ]n , n=2, 3; Cp*=1,2,3,4,5-pentamethylcyclopentadiene; dppe=1,2-bis-(diphenylphosphino)ethane; dmap= 4-dimethylaminopyridine) and trans-[Cp*(dppe)Ru(µ-CN)Ru(dmap)4 (µ-NC)Ru(dppe)Cp*][PF6 ]n (2[PF6 ]n , n=2, 3), which demonstrate cyanide/isocyanide isomerism, have been synthesized and fully characterized. 13+ [PF6 ]3 and 23+ [PF6 ]3 are the one-electron oxidation products of 12+ [PF6 ]2 and 22+ [PF6 ]2 , respectively. The results suggest that 1[PF6 ]3 is a class III mixed valence compound, whereas 2[PF6 ]3 might be an unusually symmetrical class II-III mixed valence compound composed of the two asymmetrical delocalized RuIII -NC-RuII mixed valence subunits.

10.
PLoS One ; 13(8): e0202910, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30153273

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that folate levels were decreased in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and further lowered in T2D patients with cognitive impairment. However, whether folate deficiency could cause T2D and subsequent cognitive dysfunction is still unknown. The present study aimed to explore the effects of chronic folate deficiency (CFD) on glucose and lipid metabolism and cognitive function in mice. Seven-week-old mice were fed with either a CFD or control diet for 25 weeks. Serum folate was significantly reduced, whereas serum total homocysteine was significantly increased in the CFD group. Moreover, CFD induced obesity after a 6-week diet treatment, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance after a 16-week-diet treatment. In addition, CFD reduced the hepatic p-Akt/Akt ratio in response to acute insulin administration. Moreover, CFD increased serum triglyceride levels, upregulated hepatic Acc1 and Fasn mRNA expression, and downregulated hepatic Cd36 and ApoB mRNA expression. After a 24-week diet treatment, CFD induced anxiety-related activities and impairment of spatial learning and memory performance. This study demonstrates that folate deficiency could induce obesity, glucose and lipid metabolism disorders and subsequent cognitive dysfunction.

11.
Dalton Trans ; 47(30): 9985-9988, 2018 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29993048

RESUMO

A trinuclear cyanide-bridged luminescent compound, trans-RuII(DMAP)4(CN)2[(PY5Me2)Mn]2[PF6]4 (1-R), and its oxidation product, ferromagnetic trans-RuIII(DMAP)4(CN)2[(PY5Me2)Mn]2-[PF6]5 (1-O), were synthesized and fully characterized. This is the first example of a molecular material showing a redox-controlled transformation between fluorescence and ferromagnetism.

12.
Yi Chuan ; 40(7): 525-533, 2018 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30021716

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are designated as the transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides without protein-coding capacity. As a category of important gene regulatory factors, lncRNAs regulate the expression of target genes at epigenetic, transcription and post-transcriptional levels by various mechanisms, such as chromatin remodeling, DNA modification, transcription inhibition and RNA-RNA interactions, etc. In recent years, studies have shown that many lncRNAs can be induced by viruses or interferon (IFN) and to regulate the expression of related antiviral genes in IFN-mediated antiviral innate immune responses. In this review, we focus on the regulation of lncRNAs in IFN-mediated antiviral innate immune responses, especially in the transcription of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs). In addition, we summarize the regulatory network of lncRNAs, IFN and ISGs. This review will provide a valuable reference for the researchers working in this field.

13.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 474: 272-283, 2018 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29614340

RESUMO

An adverse intrauterine environment may be an important factor contributing to the development of type 2 diabetes in later life. The present study investigated the longitudinal effects of maternal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure during the third trimester on glucose metabolism and sex hormone balance in the offspring. Pregnant mice were intraperitoneally injected with LPS (50 µg/kg) daily from gestational day (GD) 15 to GD17. Glucose tolerance test (GTT) and insulin tolerance test (ITT) were assessed at postnatal day (PND) 60 and PND120. Sex hormones, their receptors, and metabolic enzymes (aromatase) were measured in male offspring at different phases of development (PND14: juvenile; PND35: adolescence; PND60: adulthood; and PND120: middle age). LPS-exposed male offspring exhibited glucose intolerance and insulin resistance by GTT and ITT at middle age, accompanied by an increase in fasting blood glucose and reductions in serum insulin levels and hepatic phosphorylated (p) -AKT/AKT ratio. However, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance were not observed in LPS-exposed female offspring. Maternal LPS exposure upregulated hepatic aromatase proteins and mRNA levels in male offspring at all time points. At adolescence, the testosterone/estradiol ratio (T/E2) was markedly reduced in LPS-exposed male offspring. Moreover, maternal LPS exposure significantly increased hepatic estrogen receptor (ER) α expressions and decreased hepatic androgen receptor (AR) expressions in male offspring. At adulthood, maternal LPS exposure increased serum estradiol levels, decreased serum testosterone levels and elevated hepatic ERß expressions in male offspring. In conclusion, maternal LPS exposure upregulated aromatase expressions, followed by a reduction in the T/E2 ratio and an alteration in sex hormone receptor activity, which might be involved in the development of glucose metabolism disorders in middle-aged male offspring. This study provides a novel clue and direction to clarify the pathogenesis of maternal infection-related diabetes in male offspring.

14.
Trop Anim Health Prod ; 47(1): 87-92, 2015 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25294597

RESUMO

The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of heifer clinical mastitis (HCM) and heifer subclinical mastitis (HSCM), isolate HCM-causing bacteria, and assess the association of some risk factors in Huanggang, Central China. A total of 1,374 lactating heifers from three dairy farms were examined in the present study; 22.64% of heifers were positive for mastitis, out of which, 3.86 and 18.78% were with HCM and HSCM, respectively. Of the 67 HCM samples, 91.05% were single growth, 7.46% mixed growth, and 1.49% no bacterial growth. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) accounted for 30.98% of the isolates followed by Escherichia coli (29.58%), Staphylococcus aureus (16.9%), and Streptococcus uberis (11.27%). Logistic regression analyses showed that heifer milk yield lower than 3 L had the highest prevalence of HCM compared to heifer milk yield of more than 3 L (P < 0.01), and prevalence of HCM was significantly high in heifers with the presence of teat lesions (P < 0.01). Moreover, the heifer milk yield lower than 3 L had the highest prevalence of HSCM compared to heifer milk yield of more than 3 L (P < 0.01). These two factors were significantly associated with the occurrence of heifer mastitis, which needs to be considered in the prevention and control strategies of the disease.


Assuntos
Mastite Bovina/microbiologia , Animais , Bovinos , China/epidemiologia , Indústria de Laticínios , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Contaminação de Alimentos , Microbiologia de Alimentos , Lactação , Glândulas Mamárias Animais/microbiologia , Mastite Bovina/epidemiologia , Leite/microbiologia , Razão de Chances , Prevalência , Análise de Regressão , Fatores de Risco , Staphylococcus aureus/isolamento & purificação , Streptococcus/isolamento & purificação
15.
J Clin Apher ; 30(3): 141-6, 2015 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25116073

RESUMO

Plasma exchange (PE) for the treatment of ricin toxicity has not been previously reported. Here we describe the use of PE to treat children who experienced ricin toxicity after ingesting castor beans. Seven children (median age: 8.1 years) who consumed castor beans (median: 5 beans) were treated with PE. All had bradycardia and sinus arrhythmia, and most had experienced episodes of vomiting and/or diarrhea. PE settings were blood flow, 50-80 mL/min; PE rate, 600-800 mL/h; volume of exchange, 1440-1950 mL. Median time from ingestion to PE was 73 h. All clinical symptoms disappeared and vital signs rapidly returned to normal after PE; no severe organ dysfunction occurred. All children were discharged and recovered uneventfully. Concentrations of all serum biochemical parameters significantly decreased immediately after PE. Some, but not all, of these parameters were also significantly decreased at 48 and 72 h after PE compared with before PE. Our findings suggest that PE can be an effective early intervention in the treatment of ricin toxicity due to castor bean ingestion.


Assuntos
Semente de Rícino/envenenamento , Troca Plasmática/métodos , Plasmaferese/métodos , Ricina/envenenamento , Arritmia Sinusal/induzido quimicamente , Arritmia Sinusal/terapia , Gasometria , Bradicardia/induzido quimicamente , Bradicardia/terapia , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento , Vômito
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 34(4): 412-7, 2014 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24812894

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of integrative medical program based on blood cooling and detoxification recipe (BCDR) in treating patients with hepatitis B virus related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) of heat-toxicity accumulation syndrome (HTAS). METHODS: Adopting randomized controlled clinical design, a total of 105 HBV-ACLF patients of HTAS were randomly assigned to the trial group (64 cases) and the control group (41 cases). Patients in the control group were treated with comprehensive Western therapy, while those in the trial group were treated with comprehensive Western therapy plus BCDR. All were treated for 8 weeks and followed up for 40 weeks. Effect and safety of the treatment were assessed, including fatality, liver functions [total bilirubin (TBIL), albumin (ALB), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and aspartate transaminase (AST)], and prothrombin activity (PTA) after treatment and at week 48 of follow-ups. RESULTS: After 8-week treatment, there was statistical difference in the overall fatality rate (15.63% vs 34.15%), the fatality rate in the mid-term (25.0% vs 64.7%), TBIL at week 8 (64.54 +/- 79.75), AST [at week 2: (178.97 +/- 44.24) U/L vs (288.48 +/- 58.49) U/L; at week 4: (61.65 +/- 27.36) U/L vs (171.12 +/- 89.11) U/L] and PTA [at week 4: (58.30 +/- 15.29) vs (42.56 +/- 15.27); at week 6: (60.77 +/- 20.40) vs (43.08 +/- 12.79)] (all P < 0.05). At week 48 of the followup, the fatality rate of the trial group (21.88%) decreased by 17. 14% when compared with that of the control group (39.02%; P < 0.05). No obvious adverse event occurred in the two groups during the 8-week treatment period. CONCLUSION: BCDR could significantly reduce the mortality of HBV-ACLF patients.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Fitoterapia , Insuficiência Hepática Crônica Agudizada/virologia , Adulto , Doença Hepática Terminal , Feminino , Vírus da Hepatite B , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
17.
Circ Res ; 114(6): 966-75, 2014 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24503893

RESUMO

RATIONALE: AMP-activated protein kinase is a master regulator of cell metabolism and an attractive drug target for cancer and metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Point mutations in the regulatory γ2-subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase (encoded by Prkag2 gene) caused a unique form of human cardiomyopathy characterized by cardiac hypertrophy, ventricular preexcitation, and glycogen storage. Understanding the disease mechanisms of Prkag2 cardiomyopathy is not only beneficial for the patients but also critical to the use of AMP-activated protein kinase as a drug target. OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify the pro-growth-signaling pathway(s) triggered by Prkag2 mutation and to distinguish it from the secondary response to glycogen storage. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a mouse model of N488I mutation of the Prkag2 gene (R2M), we rescued the glycogen storage phenotype by genetic inhibition of glucose-6-phosphate-stimulated glycogen synthase activity. Ablation of glycogen storage eliminated the ventricular preexcitation but did not affect the excessive cardiac growth in R2M mice. The progrowth effect in R2M hearts was mediated via increased insulin sensitivity and hyperactivity of Akt, resulting in activation of mammalian target of rapamycin and inactivation of forkhead box O transcription factor-signaling pathways. Consequently, cardiac myocyte proliferation during the postnatal period was enhanced in R2M hearts followed by hypertrophic growth in adult hearts. Inhibition of mammalian target of rapamycin activity by rapamycin or restoration of forkhead box O transcription factor activity by overexpressing forkhead box O transcription factor 1 rescued the abnormal cardiac growth. CONCLUSIONS: Our study reveals a novel mechanism for Prkag2 cardiomyopathy, independent of glycogen storage. The role of γ2-AMP-activated protein kinase in cell growth also has broad implications in cardiac development, growth, and regeneration.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/fisiologia , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica Familiar/genética , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio/genética , Glicogênio/biossíntese , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/genética , Animais , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica Familiar/enzimologia , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica Familiar/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica Familiar/fisiopatologia , Divisão Celular , Crescimento Celular , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteína Forkhead Box O1 , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/biossíntese , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/fisiologia , Técnicas de Introdução de Genes , Teste de Complementação Genética , Glucose-6-Fosfato/metabolismo , Glucose-6-Fosfato/farmacologia , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio/metabolismo , Doença de Depósito de Glicogênio/fisiopatologia , Glicogênio Sintase/genética , Glicogênio Sintase/fisiologia , Resistência à Insulina/genética , Camundongos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Síndromes de Pré-Excitação/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Sirolimo/farmacologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/fisiologia
18.
J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 28(10): 1654-9, 2013 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23731053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: With the changes in diet structure and lifestyle, the incidence of fatty liver disease is increasing in China, especially in cities. The goal of the present study was to accurately determine the prevalence and risk factors of fatty liver disease in Beijing residents, China. METHODS: By using random multistage stratification and cluster sampling, residents aged > 20 years in Dongcheng District and Tongzhou District were recruited, and questionnaire survey, physical examination, detection of fasting glucose, blood lipids and liver biochemistry, and ultrasonography of the liver, gallbladder, and spleen were carried out. Database EpiData 3.0 was employed for data input, followed by statistical analysis with SPSS version 11.0. RESULTS: A total of 3762 residents were included in the present study including 2328 males and 1434 females with a mean age of 46.37 ± 14.28 years (range 20-92 years). Ultrasonography revealed fatty liver in 1486 residents with a prevalence of 39.5%. Moreover, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and alcoholic fatty liver disease were found in 1177 (31.3%) and 309 (8.2%) residents, respectively. After adjustment of prevalence based on the age and gender constituents of Beijing residents, the standardized prevalence of overall fatty liver disease, NAFLD, and alcoholic fatty liver disease was 35.1%, 31.0%, and 4.1%, respectively. Binary logistic regression analysis revealed waist-to-hip ratio, diastolic pressure, fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and low density lipoprotein cholesterol were closely related to NAFLD. CONCLUSIONS: The Beijing residents have a high prevalence of fatty liver disease as much as 35.1%, which is characterized by NAFLD. Obesity, and glucose and lipid metabolism disorders are the main risk factors of fatty liver disease.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/epidemiologia , Fígado Gorduroso/etiologia , Transtornos do Metabolismo de Glucose/complicações , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/complicações , Obesidade/complicações , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Glicemia , China/epidemiologia , Dieta , Jejum/sangue , Fígado Gorduroso/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado Gorduroso Alcoólico/epidemiologia , Feminino , Transtornos do Metabolismo de Glucose/sangue , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/sangue , Lipídeos/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Prevalência , Análise de Regressão , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ultrassonografia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Bing Du Xue Bao ; 28(2): 124-9, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22519173

RESUMO

Throat swabs collected from patients whose serum was measles IgM negative and rubella IgM positive during 2001-2011 were used to conduct cell culture for rubella virus. After identification of cell culture with RT-PCR, nucleotide of gene E1 of rubella virus was amplified and sequenced, followed by molecular epidemiological analysis. A total of 31 rubella viruses were isolated from 60 throat swabs. Compared 27 isolates with the WHO reference strains of all genotypes, phylogenetic tree was constructed based on the amplified 739 nucleotide fragment. These isolates belonged to two different genotypes respectively. Isolates 11009, 11052 and 11106 in 2011 belonged to genotype 2B, and others belonged to genotype 1E. Most of mutations were nonsense mutation, and sequence of amino acid was highly conserved. Amino acid sequence of most isolates of genotype 1E was identical, which suggested rubella viruses from same transmission chain might be transmitted continually since 2001. Rubella virus genotype 2B was found to be popular for the first time in Shanghai in 2011. The nucleotide sequences of these genotype 2B isolates showed 99% identity compared with that of isolates recently from Vietnam, Japan and Argentina. The resources of these strains were not confirmed due to the absence of rubella virus surveillance before.


Assuntos
Vírus da Rubéola/genética , Vírus da Rubéola/isolamento & purificação , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/epidemiologia , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/virologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Epidemiologia Molecular , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Vírus da Rubéola/classificação , Alinhamento de Sequência , Proteínas Virais/química , Proteínas Virais/genética , Adulto Jovem
20.
Mech Ageing Dev ; 132(6-7): 331-9, 2011 Jun-Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21745495

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Ubiquinone (UQ) is a redox active lipid that transfers electrons from complex I or II to complex III in the electron transport chain (ETC). The long-lived Caenorhabditis elegans mutant clk-1 is unable to synthesize its native ubiquinone, and accumulates high amounts of its precursor, 5-demethoxyubiquinone-9 (DMQ(9)). In clk-1, complexes I-III activity is inhibited while complexes II-III activity is normal. We asked whether the complexes I-III defect in clk-1 was caused by: (1) a defect in the ETC; (2) an inhibitory effect of DMQ(9); or (3) a decreased amount of ubiquinone. METHODS: We extracted the endogenous quinones from wildtype (N2) and clk-1 mitochondria, replenished them with exogenous ubiquinones, and measured ETC activities. RESULTS: Replenishment of extracted mutant and wildtype mitochondria resulted in equal enzymatic activities for complexes I-III and II-III ETC assays. Blue native gels showed that supercomplex formation was indistinguishable between clk-1 and N2. The addition of a pentane extract from clk-1 mitochondria containing DMQ(9) to wildtype mitochondria specifically inhibited complexes I-III activity. UQ in clk-1 mitochondria was oxidized compared to N2. DISCUSSION: Our results show that no measurable intrinsic ETC defect exists in clk-1 mitochondria. The data indicate that DMQ(9) specifically inhibits electron transfer from complex I to ubiquinone.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Longevidade/fisiologia , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mutação , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Animais , Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Complexo de Proteínas da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética , Complexo de Proteínas da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/genética , Ubiquinona/genética , Ubiquinona/metabolismo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA