Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 4 de 4
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Opt Express ; 28(8): 11144-11155, 2020 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32403631

RESUMO

Nonlinear optical effects in integrated microcavities have been studied extensively with the advantages of strong light-matter interaction, great scalability, and stability due to the small mode volume. However, the pump lasers stimulating nonlinear effects impose obstacles for practical applications, since the material absorption causes thermal resonance drift and instability. Here we experimentally demonstrate an all-optical control of the thermal behavior in optical microcavities for tunable doubly-resonant second-harmonic (SH) generation on an integrated photonic chip. Through an auxiliary control laser, the temperature of a selected microring can be efficiently changed, thus allowing precise frequency tuning of the doubly-resonant wavelength while eliminating the distortion of the lineshape induced by the thermo-optic effect. Although the phase-matching conditions will limit the tuning range of 55GHz, the technique is still potential to achieve a larger tuning range in combination with temperature regulation. Additionally, this approach has the advantage of quick reconfiguration, showing a fast modulation rate up to about 256 kHz. The theoretical model behind our experimental scheme is universal and applicable to other microcavity-enhanced nonlinear optical processes, and our work paves the way for controlling and utilizing the thermal effect in the applications of microcavities.

2.
J Clin Nurs ; 28(21-22): 4128-4138, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240796

RESUMO

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore factors affecting self-management experiences of patients with chronic hepatitis B within their social and cultural environments. BACKGROUND: Many cases of hepatitis B are not detected until they are in end-stage liver disease. Despite an increasing trend of indicating a lack of health awareness as the reason, studies have rarely referred to the personal, social and cultural environmental constraints from patients' perspectives. DESIGN: A descriptive qualitative study. METHODS: Forty-seven adults diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B were interviewed in a private area of a hospital clinic in Taiwan in 2018. Four open-ended questions relating to care self-management included the following: disease detection; disease control; preventive care; and perceptions of screening and follow-ups. Data were examined using content analysis. This study also adhered to the consolidated COREQ guidelines. RESULTS: Five main themes emerged: personal experiences, awareness of occupational health, the availability of conventional treatment, cultural beliefs about health care and family roles. Findings of note were that some participants became aware that they had never known the difference between follow-up for hepatitis B and regular adult/labourer health checks due to a lack of information within their living environment. Many participants added alternative treatments to their self-management strategies and others frequently ignored follow-up appointments because of different cultural health beliefs. CONCLUSIONS: Patients' disease self-management perceptions are driven by dynamic influences suggesting that development of policies integrating personal, family, social and cultural environmental factors could enhance individual screening and subsequent health behaviours of patients with chronic hepatitis B. RELEVANCE TO PRACTICE: Adding person-centred case management of hepatitis B could enhance patients' adherence to follow-up. Attention should be given to increasing provider awareness of the influence of their own attitude and communication on patients' participation in self-management.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hepatite B Crônica/terapia , Autogestão/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Hepatite B Crônica/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Taiwan
3.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 140(11): 1927-36, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24934725

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the treatment efficacy of cetuximab versus bevacizumab in combination with either irinotecan-based or oxaliplatin-based regimens (targeted triplet) as the first-line treatment for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. METHODS: Between April 2005 and March 2012, patients (n = 158) diagnosed with metastatic colorectal cancer after at least four courses of first-line bevacizumab-based (n = 95) or cetuximab-based triplet (n = 63) were retrospectively analyzed. The KRAS genotypes were sequenced for all patients. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, and Cox proportional hazards models were used for univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Cetuximab-based triplet was associated with a higher objective response rate (66.0 vs. 47.2 %, p = 0.037) and a higher conversion rate to resectability (39.7 vs. 20.0 %, p = 0.007) compared to bevacizumab-based triplet. Compared with bevacizumab-based triplet, cetuximab-based triplet significantly increased progression-free survival in patients with measurable metastatic colorectal cancer who achieved objective tumor response (responders) (median 13.1 vs. 10.5 months, p = 0.023), but no significant increase was observed for overall survival. After adjustment for group differences in baseline characteristics and combined chemotherapy agents, cetuximab-based triplet remained an independent determinant of progression-free survival in responders as compared with bevacizumab-based triplet. KRAS mutation was not a prognostic factor in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. CONCLUSIONS: As compared with bevacizumab-based triplet, cetuximab-based triplet as the first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer was associated with better progression-free survival in patients with measurable tumors who achieved objective tumor response to bio-chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Bevacizumab , Camptotecina/administração & dosagem , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Cetuximab , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Irinotecano , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Oxaliplatina , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 76(3): 173-5, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23497972

RESUMO

Treatment for non-small-cell lung cancer with gefitinib and erlotinib is efficacious. However, while many studies have reported on gefitinib-related interstitial lung disease (ILD), less published data are available regarding erlotinib-induced ILD. Here, we report a case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma who developed ILD due to gefitinib initially and erlotinib thereafter. The two episodes of ILD were treated successfully with the discontinuation of the tyrosine kinase inhibitors and high-dose intravenous corticosteroids.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Quinazolinas/efeitos adversos , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão , Adulto , Cloridrato de Erlotinib , Gefitinibe , Humanos , Masculino
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...