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1.
Analyst ; 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34586110

RESUMO

It is highly demanded to develop methods for the reliable detection of ATP, which plays an extremely important role in clinical diagnosis, biomedical engineering, and food chemistry. However, the methods currently available for ATP sensing strongly rely on the utilization of expensive and sophisticated instruments or the use of ATP aptamers with mediocre sensitivity and selectivity. To circumvent these drawbacks, we herein propose an efficient method for ATP detection by integrating highly specific ATP-dependent ligation reaction with dual-stage signal amplification techniques executed by rolling circle amplification (RCA) and the subsequently fabricated DNAzymes ready for the catalytic cleavage and fluorescence signal generation from molecular beacons (MBs). The detection limit is down to 35 pM with a linear range from 0.05 nM to 200 nM. More importantly, the sensing strategy can effectively discriminate ATP from its analogues and the results from the spiked human serum albumin (HSA) samples further confirm the reliability for practical applications. Considering the high sensitivity and selectivity, wash-free and isothermal convenience, and the simplicity in probe design, the strategy reported herein paves a new avenue for the effective determination of ATP and other biomolecules in fundamental and applied research.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(36): e27186, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34516520

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The emergence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae made the treatment difficult, which has become a significant issue of public health. A sharp increase of carbapenem-resistance rate in Klebsiella pneumoniae was observed in a maternity and child health care hospital in Zunyi, China, in 2014.In 2015 to 2016, carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKp) isolated from all the clinical samples were analyzed to identify the carbapenem-resistance genes. They were then fingerprinted in order to determine their genetic relationship. Clinical data such as usage of imipenem in 2012 to 2016 and the nosocomial infection surveillance data were analyzed.Thirty-five isolates of CRKp out of 4328 various pathogens were obtained, and blaNDM-1 was identified to be the most common resistant gene present in the CRKp isolates. The fingerprint analysis identified 15 major clusters of CRKp isolates. The bacteria with close proximity relationship tended to be from the same wards. However, a few CRKp isolates from different wards were found to be genetically highly related. The clinical data showed a significantly higher usage of carbapenems in 2012 to 2013 before the CRKp rate sharply increased in 2014. The nosocomial infection surveillance showed an unexpectedly high rate of failures to meet the requirement of the hospital environment hygiene and hand hygiene in the neonatal ward.The increasing isolation rate of CRKp was associated with poorly regulated usage of carbapenems, impropriate medical practices, and the poor hospital environmental hygiene and hand hygiene.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos/isolamento & purificação , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Imipenem/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Klebsiella/epidemiologia , Klebsiella pneumoniae/isolamento & purificação , Adulto , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Enterobacteriáceas Resistentes a Carbapenêmicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Infecção Hospitalar/tratamento farmacológico , Infecção Hospitalar/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imipenem/farmacologia , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Controle de Infecções , Infecções por Klebsiella/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Klebsiella/microbiologia , Klebsiella pneumoniae/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil , Gravidez
3.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4876, 2021 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385436

RESUMO

While the printed circuit board (PCB) has been widely considered as the building block of integrated electronics, the world is switching to pursue new ways of merging integrated electronic circuits with textiles to create flexible and wearable devices. Herein, as an alternative for PCB, we described a non-printed integrated-circuit textile (NIT) for biomedical and theranostic application via a weaving method. All the devices are built as fibers or interlaced nodes and woven into a deformable textile integrated circuit. Built on an electrochemical gating principle, the fiber-woven-type transistors exhibit superior bending or stretching robustness, and were woven as a textile logical computing module to distinguish different emergencies. A fiber-type sweat sensor was woven with strain and light sensors fibers for simultaneously monitoring body health and the environment. With a photo-rechargeable energy textile based on a detailed power consumption analysis, the woven circuit textile is completely self-powered and capable of both wireless biomedical monitoring and early warning. The NIT could be used as a 24/7 private AI "nurse" for routine healthcare, diabetes monitoring, or emergencies such as hypoglycemia, metabolic alkalosis, and even COVID-19 patient care, a potential future on-body AI hardware and possibly a forerunner to fabric-like computers.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Medicina de Precisão/instrumentação , Têxteis , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Tecnologia sem Fio/instrumentação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , COVID-19/virologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Monitorização Fisiológica/instrumentação , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Suor/fisiologia
4.
Nutr Diabetes ; 11(1): 27, 2021 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389700

RESUMO

Trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), a gut-microbiota-dependent metabolite generated from its dietary precursors such as choline, has been identified as an independent risk factor for atherosclerosis. Metformin is the most widely used drug for the treatment of type 2 diabetes (T2D), which has therapeutic effects on hyperglycemia accelerated atherosclerosis. A growing body of evidence suggest that metformin plays a therapeutic role by regulating the structure and metabolic function of gut microbiota. However, whether metformin has an impact on gut-microbiota-mediated TMAO production from choline remains obscure. In this study, the oral administration of metformin significantly reduced choline diet-increased serum TMAO in choline diet-fed C57BL/6J mice. The diversity analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing of C57BL/6J mice fecal samples indicated that metformin markedly changed the gut-microbiota composition. Metformin was positively correlated with the enrichment of different intestinal bacteria such as Bifidobacterium and Akkermansia and a lower cutC (a choline utilization gene) abundance. Furthermore, the ex vivo and in vitro inhibitory effects of metformin on choline metabolism of TMA-producing bacteria were confirmed under anaerobic condition. The results suggested that metformin suppresses serum TMAO level by remodeling gut microbiota involved in TMA generation from choline.

5.
J Am Chem Soc ; 143(31): 12345-12354, 2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323480

RESUMO

Heavy-atom-based photosensitizers usually exhibit shortened triplet-state lifetimes, which is not ideal for hypoxic tumor photodynamic therapy. Although several heavy-atom-free photosensitizers possess long triplet-state lifetimes, the clinical applicability is limited by their short excitation wavelengths, poor photon capture abilities, and intrinsically hydrophobic structures. Herein we developed a novel NIR heavy-atom-free photosensitizer design strategy by introducing sterically bulky and electron-rich moieties at the meso position of the pentamethine cyanine (Cy5) skeleton, which simultaneously enhanced intersystem crossing (ISC) and prolonged excited-state lifetime. We found that the 1O2 generation ability is directly correlated to the electron-donating ability of the meso substituent in cyanine, and the excited-state lifetime was simultaneously much elongated when the substituents were anthracene derivatives substituted at the 9-position. Our star compound, ANOMe-Cy5, exhibits intense NIR absorption, the highest 1O2 quantum yield (4.48-fold higher than Cy5), the longest triplet-state lifetime (9.80-fold longer than Cy5), and lossless emission intensity (nearly no change compared with Cy5). Such excellent photophysical properties coupled with its inherently cationic and hydrophilic nature enable the photosensitizer to realize photoablation of solid tumor and antitumor lung metastasis. This study highlights the design of a new generation of NIR photosensitizers for imaging-guided photodynamic cancer treatment.

6.
Sci Total Environ ; 796: 148946, 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34273839

RESUMO

Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) offers exciting opportunities for sustainable photocatalytic oxidation of organic pollutants but suffers from drawbacks of insufficient oxidation driving force and low quantum efficiency. To over the drawbacks, here a simple and effective strategy was developed to engineer g-C3N4 with simultaneous interstitially embedded potassium dopant and nitrogen defects, and the process included supramolecular preorganization followed by KOH-assisted thermal polycondensation. In the prepared DN-K-CN catalysts, potassium doping level and the amount of nitrogen defects were both controllable. With the increment of potassium doping level, the bandgap of the DN-K-CN became narrow, along with continuously downshifted valence band position. The DN-K-CN showed greatly enhanced visible-light photocatalytic oxidation performance with respect to g-C3N4 in the degradation of emerging phenolic pollutants, acetaminophen and methylparaben; meanwhile, the oxidation performance of DN-K-CN depended on potassium doping level and the amount of nitrogen defects. Combination of experimental findings and theory calculations it is confirmed that the enhanced photocatalytic oxidation performance of DN-K-CN was attributed to the synergistic effect of potassium dopant and nitrogen defects, which resulted in the generation of plentiful active oxygen species and the improvement of oxidation driving force of valence holes. The influence of potassium dopant and nitrogen defects on the electronic and band structures of g-C3N4 was revealed; simultaneously, mechanism of the enhanced photocatalytic oxidation performance of g-C3N4 after the introduction of potassium dopant and nitrogen defects was studied. The present work provided new insights into the electronic and band structure tuning for the improvement of the photocatalytic oxidation performance of g-C3N4.


Assuntos
Nitrogênio , Grafite , Compostos de Nitrogênio , Potássio
7.
J Vet Pharmacol Ther ; 44(5): 850-853, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34165196

RESUMO

The aminoglycoside antibiotic neomycin, which is used to treat external or internal bacterial infections, is primarily administered in veterinary medicine as a sulfate salt. However, no information is available on the pharmacokinetic characteristics and absolute availability of neomycin sulfate after intravenous (i.v.) and oral (p.o.) administrations in swine. Here, these parameters were studied in swine after i.v. and p.o. doses of single 15 mg/kg body weight doses. The blood samples were assessed using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass/mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) and pharmacokinetic parameters were analyzed using a non-compartmental model. In swine, after the p.o. administration, the elimination half-life, mean residue time from t0 to the last collection point, mean maximum concentration, mean time to reach maximum concentration and area under concentration-time curve from t0 to the last collection point values were 12.43 ± 7.63 h, 10.25 ± 4.32 h, 0.11 ± 0.07 µg/ml, 1.92 ± 0.97 h and 1.23 ± 0.78 µg·h/ml, respectively, whereas after the i.v. administration, the values were 5.87 ± 1.12 h, 6.07 ± 0.49 h, 15.80 ± 1.32 µg/ml, 0.30 ± 0.38 h and 76.14 ± 3.52 µg·h/ml, respectively. The absolute bioavailability of neomycin sulfate B was 4.84%±0.03.

8.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 468, 2021 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wheat is one of the most widely planted crops worldwide. The heading date is important for wheat environmental adaptability, as it not only controls flowering time but also determines the yield component in terms of grain number per spike. RESULTS: In this research, homozygous genotypes with early and late heading dates derived from backcrossed progeny were selected to conduct RNA-Seq analysis at the double ridge stage (W2.0) and androgynous primordium differentiation stage (W3.5) of the leaf and apical meristem, respectively. In total, 18,352 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified, many of which are strongly associated with wheat heading date genes. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis revealed that carbohydrate metabolism, trehalose metabolic process, photosynthesis, and light reaction are closely related to the flowering time regulation pathway. Based on MapMan metabolic analysis, the DEGs are mainly involved in the light reaction, hormone signaling, lipid metabolism, secondary metabolism, and nucleotide synthesis. In addition, 1,225 DEGs were annotated to 45 transcription factor gene families, including LFY, SBP, and MADS-box transcription factors closely related to flowering time. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) showed that 16, 336, 446, and 124 DEGs have biological connections with Vrn1-5 A, Vrn3-7B, Ppd-1D, and WSOC1, respectively. Furthermore, TraesCS2D02G181400 encodes a MADS-MIKC transcription factor and is co-expressed with Vrn1-5 A, which indicates that this gene may be related to flowering time. CONCLUSIONS: RNA-Seq analysis provided transcriptome data for the wheat heading date at key flower development stages of double ridge (W2.0) and androgynous primordium differentiation (W3.5). Based on the DEGs identified, co-expression networks of key flowering time genes in Vrn1-5 A, Vrn3-7B, WSOC1, and Ppd-1D were established. Moreover, we discovered a potential candidate flowering time gene, TraesCS2D02G181400. Taken together, these results serve as a foundation for further study on the regulatory mechanism of the wheat heading date.


Assuntos
Flores , Triticum , Flores/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Folhas de Planta/genética , Transcriptoma , Triticum/genética
9.
J Neuroinflammation ; 18(1): 143, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34162400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) is a critical issue in thrombolytic therapy in acute ischemic stroke. Damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP)-stimulated sterile neuroinflammation plays a crucial role in the development of thrombolysis-associated HT. Our previous study showed that the phthalide derivative CD21 attenuated neuroinflammation and brain injury in rodent models of ischemic stroke. The present study explored the effects and underlying mechanism of action of CD21 on tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)-induced HT in a mouse model of transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO) and cultured primary microglial cells. METHODS: The tMCAO model was induced by 2 h occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery with polylysine-coated sutures in wildtype (WT) mice and macrophage scavenger receptor 1 knockout (MSR1-/-) mice. At the onset of reperfusion, tPA (10 mg/kg) was intravenously administered within 30 min, followed by an intravenous injection of CD21 (13.79 mg/kg/day). Neuropathological changes were detected in mice 3 days after surgery. The effect of CD21 on phagocytosis of the DAMP peroxiredoxin 1 (Prx1) in lysosomes was observed in cultured primary microglial cells from brain tissues of WT and MSR1-/- mice. RESULTS: Seventy-two hours after brain ischemia, CD21 significantly attenuated neurobehavioral dysfunction and infarct volume. The tPA-infused group exhibited more severe brain dysfunction and hemorrhage. Compared with tPA alone, combined treatment with tPA and CD21 significantly attenuated ischemic brain injury and hemorrhage. Combined treatment significantly decreased Evans blue extravasation, matrix metalloproteinase 9 expression and activity, extracellular Prx1 content, proinflammatory cytokine mRNA levels, glial cells, and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) pathway activation and increased the expression of tight junction proteins (zonula occludens-1 and claudin-5), V-maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homolog B, and MSR1. MSR1 knockout significantly abolished the protective effect of CD21 against tPA-induced HT in tMCAO mice. Moreover, the CD21-induced phagocytosis of Prx1 was MSR1-dependent in cultured primary microglial cells from WT and MSR1-/- mice, respectively. CONCLUSION: The phthalide derivative CD21 attenuated tPA-induced HT in acute ischemic stroke by promoting MSR1-induced DAMP (Prx1) clearance and inhibition of the TLR4/NF-κB pathway and neuroinflammation.

10.
Bioorg Chem ; 113: 104994, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34052738

RESUMO

Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a secreted protein and its deficiency markedly enhanced the survival rate of patient with cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Forty berberine (BBR) derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for their activities on down-regulating the transcription of PCSK9 in HepG2 cells, taking BBR as the lead. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) analysis revealed that 2,3-dimethoxy moiety might be beneficial for activity. Among them, 9k displayed the most potent activity with IC50 value of 9.5 ± 0.5 µM, better than that of BBR. Also, it significantly decreased PCSK9 protein level at cellular level, as well as in the liver and serum of mice in vivo. Furthermore, 9k markedly increased LDLR expression and LDL-C clearance via down-regulating PCSK9 protein. The mechanism of action of 9k is targeting HNF1α and/or Sp1 cluster modulation upstream of PCSK9, a different one from BBR. Therefore, 9k might have the potential to be a novel PCSK9 transcriptional inhibitor for the treatment of atherosclerosis, worthy for further investigation.

11.
Sci Robot ; 6(53)2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34043565

RESUMO

Although there have been notable advances in adhesive materials, the ability to program attaching and detaching behavior in these materials remains a challenge. Here, we report a borate ester polymer hydrogel that can rapidly switch between adhesive and nonadhesive states in response to a mild electrical stimulus (voltages between 3.0 and 4.5 V). This behavior is achieved by controlling the exposure and shielding of the catechol group through water electrolysis-induced reversible cleavage and reformation of the borate ester moiety. By switching the electric field direction, the hydrogel can repeatedly attach to and detach from various surfaces with a response time as low as 1 s. This programmable attaching/detaching strategy provides an alternative approach for robot climbing. The hydrogel is simply pasted onto the moving parts of climbing robots without complicated engineering and morphological designs. Using our hydrogel as feet and wheels, the tethered walking robots and wheeled robots can climb on both vertical and inverted conductive substrates (i.e., moving upside down) such as stainless steel and copper. Our study establishes an effective route for the design of smart polymer adhesives that are applicable in intelligent devices and an electrochemical strategy to regulate the adhesion.

12.
NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes ; 7(1): 36, 2021 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33863898

RESUMO

Trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), a derivative from the gut microbiota metabolite trimethylamine (TMA), has been identified to be an independent risk factor for promoting atherosclerosis. Evidences suggest that berberine (BBR) could be used to treat obesity, diabetes and atherosclerosis, however, its mechanism is not clear mainly because of its poor oral bioavailability. Here, we show that BBR attenuated TMA/TMAO production in the C57BL/6J and ApoE KO mice fed with choline-supplemented chow diet, and mitigated atherosclerotic lesion areas in ApoE KO mice. Inhibition of TMA/TMAO production by BBR-modulated gut microbiota was proved by a single-dose administration of d9-choline in vivo. Metagenomic analysis of cecal contents demonstrated that BBR altered gut microbiota composition, microbiome functionality, and cutC/cntA gene abundance. Furthermore, BBR was shown to inhibit choline-to-TMA conversion in TMA-producing bacteria in vitro and in gut microbial consortium from fecal samples of choline-fed mice and human volunteers, and the result was confirmed by transplantation of TMA-producing bacteria in mice. These results offer new insights into the mechanisms responsible for the anti-atherosclerosis effects of BBR, which inhibits commensal microbial TMA production via gut microbiota remodeling.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/etiologia , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Berberina/farmacologia , Colina/efeitos adversos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Metilaminas/metabolismo , Animais , Aterosclerose/patologia , Dieta , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Disbiose , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout para ApoE
13.
Animals (Basel) ; 11(3)2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807979

RESUMO

Low-temperature environments can strongly affect the normal growth and health of livestock. In winter, cold weather can be accompanied by strong winds that aggravate the effects of cold on livestock. In this study, two experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of low temperature and/or wind speed on physiological indices, rumen microbiota, immune responses and oxidative stress in sheep. When sheep were exposed to cold temperature and/or stronger wind speeds, the average daily gain (ADG) decreased (p < 0.05), and the abundance of Lachnospiraceae was significantly higher (p < 0.05). The acetate and propionate contents and the proportion of propionate in the rumen also significantly reduced (p < 0.05). The immunoglobulin G (IgG) and TH1-related cytokines in the blood were significantly lower (p < 0.05). However, antioxidant enzyme contents were significantly increased and the concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA) was reduced (p < 0.05). In a cold environment, the abundance of Lachnospiraceae in the rumen of sheep was highly enriched, and the decreasing of propionate might be one of the factors affecting the immunity of the animals, the sheep did not suffer from oxidative damage during the experiment.

14.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 233, 2021 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It was demonstrated that multifunctional protein APE1 (Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1) is closely related to tumor immune microenvironment in a number of investigations, Meanwhile, the abundance of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) has been shown as a prognosis indicator in some researches. However, it remains unclear whether APE1 is involved in the process of TILs affecting the prognosis of patients. To this end, we investigated the associations between APE1 and TILs in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and explored whether APE1 would influence the associations of CD4+ T cells infiltration with the prognosis of patients. METHODS: Genome-wide expression datasets were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) public database under accession number GSE68465, GSE30219, GSE31210 and GSE50081. MCPcounter and CIBERSORT analysis was conducted to evaluate the abundance of TILs in 1006 NSCLC patients of GEO database. Spearman correlation tests were used to evaluate correlations between abundance of various TILs and APE1 expression. RFS (recurrence free survival) was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and the Cox proportional-hazards model. The expression level of APE1 and tumor-infiltrating CD4+ T cells was evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC). RESULTS: The results showed that the abundance of CD4+ naïve T cells was negatively associated with the APE1 expression. CD4+ naïve T cells infiltration was a favorable prognostic factor for RFS, however, there was no effect of CD4+ T cells infiltration on RFS in patients with high APE1 expression. Subsequently, it was further confirmed that CD4+ T cells infiltration was negatively associated with the APE1 expression level in 108 NSCLC tissue samples; high CD4+ T cells infiltration was associated with longer RFS in low APE1 expression group but not in APE1 high expression group. CONCLUSION: These results suggested that APE1 may affect the relationship between CD4+ T cells infiltration and prognosis in NSCLC. This study provides new insights into predictors of outcome in patients with NSCLC, and suggests that combining immunotherapy and APE1-targeted therapy may be a promising treatment for NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , DNA Liase (Sítios Apurínicos ou Apirimidínicos)/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , DNA Liase (Sítios Apurínicos ou Apirimidínicos)/antagonistas & inibidores , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/imunologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos , Pneumonectomia , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629587

RESUMO

It is well known that the photothermal conversion performance of solar-driven interfacial water evaporation systems is known to have a stronger photothermal conversion performance than suspended water evaporation systems due to their relatively strong ability to suppress overall heat loss. Natural polymer chitosan and gelatin can form a three-dimensional interpenetrating network (IPN) sponge to provide an interface for water evaporation due to strong hydrogen bonding and electrostatic attraction interaction. However, the lack of effective light absorption, the intrinsic short lifetime, and the poor photothermal conversion greatly compromise their steam generation performance. Here, we fabricated a chitosan/gelatin-based IPN sponge incorporated with melanin-coated titania hollow nanospheres (CG@MPT-h) as a solar thermal converter, which is designed to exhibit a unique cavity structure and vertical channels. The cavity structure of melanin-coated titania acts as a solar thermal transducer, while the chitosan/gelatin-based IPN sponge acts as a single-pass water pump. A water hyacinth-inspired evaporation system shows outstanding steam generation performance, and the highest steam generation rate was 3.17 kg m-2 h-1 under a 2.5 sun illumination because of the cavity enhancement effect, far above TiO2 particles and reported photo-thermal conversion materials. More importantly, the embedding of MPT-h nanoparticles in the IPN sponge effectively inhibits the growth of bacteria in the vertical channels, resulting in an antibacterial solar-driven water evaporator. This advanced sponge provides a cost-effective and practical sustainable energy technique for solar-driven wastewater treatment.

16.
JMIR Mhealth Uhealth ; 9(2): e25122, 2021 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33544081

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a major health concern worldwide. Family member engagement in diabetes self-management education programs can improve patients' diabetes management. However, there is limited evidence that the family portal on diabetes management apps is effective in the glycemic control of patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of family support through the family portal function on Lilly Connected Care Program (LCCP) platform. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients with type 2 diabetes recruited to the LCCP platform from September 1, 2018, to August 31, 2019. Propensity score matching was used to match family (group A) and non-family (group B) portal use groups with similar baseline characteristics. The patients were followed up with for 12 weeks. The main objectives were differences in mean fasting blood glucose, proportion of patients achieving fasting blood glucose target <7mmol/L, mean postprandial blood glucose, proportion of patients achieving postprandial blood glucose target <10mmol/L, proportion of patients achieving both fasting blood glucose <7mmol/L and postprandial blood glucose <10mmol/L, self-monitoring of blood glucose frequency at week 12 and the number of diabetes education courses patients completed during the 12 weeks. Moreover, logistic regression analysis was used to explore the baseline factors which may be associated with the use of family portal, and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 6582 adult patients (aged ≥18 years) with type 2 diabetes who were receiving insulin therapy were enrolled in the study. Overall, 6.1% (402/6582) of the patients chose to engage their family members to use the family portal. Two groups of 394 patients were well-matched regarding baseline characteristics. After matching, mean fasting blood glucose and postprandial blood glucose at week 12 were significantly lower in group A than in group B (fasting blood glucose: 7.12 mmol/L, SD 1.70 vs 7.42 mmol/L, SD 1.88, respectively, P=.02; postprandial blood glucose: 8.56 mmol/L, SD 2.51 vs 9.10 mmol/L, SD 2.69, respectively, P=.002). When comparing group A to group B, the proportion of patients achieving both fasting blood glucose <7mmol and postprandial blood glucose <10mmol/L at week 12 (46.8% vs 39.4%, respectively, P=.04), self-monitoring of blood glucose frequency at week 12 (8.92 times per week, SD 6.77 vs 8.02 times per week, SD 5.97, respectively, P=.05) and number of diabetes education courses completed in 12 weeks (23.00, IQR9.00-38.00 vs 15.00, IQR 4.00-36.00, respectively, P<.001) was higher. Additionally, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that higher age (OR=0.987, 95% CI 0.978-0.996, P=.006) and higher baseline fasting blood glucose (OR=0.914, 95% CI 0.859-0.972, P=.004) were correlated with less use of the family portal function, while increased baseline self-monitoring of blood glucose frequency (OR=1.022, 95% CI 1.012-1.032], P<.001) as well as increased education courses (OR=1.026, 95% CI 1.015-1.036, P<.001) were associated with more use of the family portal function. CONCLUSIONS: Family support through the LCCP family portal is effective for glycemic control and self-management behavior improvement in type 2 diabetes patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Adolescente , Adulto , Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Humanos , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Plant Sci ; 304: 110797, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568296

RESUMO

Maize is one of the most broadly cultivated crops throughout the world, and flowering time is a major adaptive trait for its diffusion. The biggest challenge in understanding maize flowering genetic architecture is that the trait is confounded with population structure. To eliminate the effect, we revisited the flower time genetic network by using a tropical maize population Pop32, which was under mass selection for adaptation to early flowering time in China for six generations from tropical to temperate regions. The days to anthesis (DTA) of the initial (Pop32C0), intermedia (Pop32C3), and final population (Pop32C5) was 90.77, 84.63, and 79.72 days on average, respectively. To examine the genetic mechanism and identify the genetic loci underlying this rapid change in flowering time of Pop32, we bulked 30 individuals from C0, C3, and C5 to conduct the whole genome sequencing. And we finally identified 4,973,810 high-quality single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 6,517 genes with allele frequency significantly changed during the artificial improvement process. We speculate that these genes might participate in the adaptive improvement process and control flowering time. To identify the candidate genes for flowering time from the gene set with allele frequency changed, we carried out weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), and identified four co-expression modules that highly associated with the flowering time development, as well as constructed the co-expression network of key flowering time genes. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis revealed that the GO terms photosynthesis/light reaction, carbohydrate binding, auxin mediated signaling pathway, response to temperature stimulus that are closely connected with flowering time. Furthermore, targeted GWAS revealed the genes are significantly connected with the flowering time. qRT-PCR of four candidate genes GRMZM2G019879, GRMZM2G055905, GRMZM2G058158, and GRMZM2G171365 showed that their expression level is similar to the flowering time genes, which playing a key role in maize flowering time transition. This study revealed that the changes of flowering time in mass selection process may be strongly associated with the variations of allele frequency changes, and we identified some important candidate genes for flowering time, which will provide a new insight for the rapid improvement of maize important agronomic traits and promote the gene cloning of maize flowering time.


Assuntos
Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Genes de Plantas/genética , Zea mays/genética , Flores/genética , Frequência do Gene/genética , Genes de Plantas/fisiologia , Genética Populacional , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Modelos Biológicos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/fisiologia , Locos de Características Quantitativas/genética , Característica Quantitativa Herdável , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Fatores de Tempo , Transcriptoma , Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Zea mays/fisiologia
18.
FEMS Microbiol Ecol ; 97(3)2021 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33469669

RESUMO

The gut microbiota composition is influenced by the diet as well as the environment in both wild and domestic animals. We studied the effects of two feeding systems on the rumen and hindgut microbiome of semi-feral Tibetan goats kept at high altitude (∼4800 m) using 16S rRNA gene and metagenomic sequencing. Intensive drylot feeding resulted in significantly higher zootechnical performance, narrower ruminal acetate: propionate ratios and a drop in the average rumen pH at slaughter to ∼5.04. Hindgut microbial adaption appeared to be more diverse in the drylot group suggesting a higher influx of undegraded complex non-starch polysaccharides from the rumen. Despite their higher fiber levels in the diet, grazing goats exhibited lower counts of Methanobrevibacter and genes associated with the hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis pathway, presumably reflecting the scarce dietary conditions (low energy density) when rearing goats on pasture from extreme alpine environments. These conditions appeared to promote a relevant abundance of bacitracin genes. In parallel, we recognized a significant increase in the abundance of antibiotic resistance genes in the digestive tracts of drylot animals. In summary, this study provides a deeper insight into the metataxonomic and functional adaption of the gastrointestinal microbiome of goats subject to intensive drylot and extensive pasture rearing conditions at high altitude.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Cabras , Altitude , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Dieta/veterinária , Fermentação , Cabras/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Rúmen/metabolismo
19.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(3)2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33495828

RESUMO

Long non­coding (lnc)RNAs serves an important role in the occurrence and development of hepatic fibrosis. lncRNA AK021443 is highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and promotes HCC cell proliferation, invasion and migration. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of AK021443 on hepatic fibrosis. AK021443 was overexpressed in the human LX­2 hepatic stellate cell (HSC) line using a plasmid to observe its effect on hepatic fibrosis in vitro. A Cell Counting Kit­8 assay was performed to assess cell proliferation, whereas cell cycle distribution and related proteins were analyzed via flow cytometry and western blotting, respectively. The protein expression levels of epithelial­mesenchymal transition (EMT)­associated and extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins were also analyzed via western blotting. Immunofluorescence was conducted to observe the generation of collagen1, and the activity of inflammatory factors and reactive oxygen species (ROS) was also analyzed. Compared with the pcDNA group, AK021443 overexpression significantly promoted cell proliferation, enhanced the transition of cells from G1 to S phase and increased the expression of cyclin­dependent kinase 2 and cyclin D1, but reduced the p21 protein expression levels. In addition, EMT capabilities, ECM deposition and the generation of collagen1 were increased by AK021443 overexpression compared with the pcDNA group. Moreover, AK021443 overexpression significantly increased the release of inflammatory cytokines, including TGF­ß, interleukin­1ß, platelet derived growth factor, epidermal growth factor and ROS, compared with the pcDNA group. In conclusion, the present study suggested that AK021443 overexpression increased HSC proliferation, activation and the proinflammatory response, indicating the potential role of AK02144 in aggravating hepatic fibrosis.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Matriz Extracelular/genética , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Fase G1 , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células Estreladas do Fígado/patologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fase S
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