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2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32283918

RESUMO

Hydrogel electrolytes are of particular interest in the fabrication of flexible supercapacitors that are able to withstand deformation and physical damage. Nevertheless, there still exists a huge space in the design of hydrogel electrolytes with comprehensive performances including high processability, conductivity, mechanical strength, and self-healability. Herein, a slidable polymer network is constructed through the cross-linking reaction among commercially available polyethyleneimine (PEI), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and 4-formylphenylboronic acid (Bn) to generate PEI-PVA-Bn hydrogels, which have high adaptability to various electrolytes such as LiCl, NaCl, KCl, and ionic liquids. The as formed hydrogel electrolytes not only show excellent mechanical property (elongation at break up to 1223%, strength of 34.6 kPa) and self-healability (highest strain self-healing efficiency reaches 94.3% within 2 min) but also exhibit high conductivity (up to 21.49 mS cm-1). Flexible supercapacitors constructed by sandwiching the PEI-PVA-Bn-LiCl hydrogel electrolyte between two multiwalled carbon nanotube electrodes demonstrate a broadened operating potential window of 1.4 V, specific capacitance of 16.7 mF cm-2, high cycling stability up to 10 000 charge/discharge cycles, and excellent mechanical stability.

3.
Cells ; 9(2)2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075111

RESUMO

MicroRNAs play key roles during ovary development, with emerging evidence suggesting that miR-202-5p is specifically expressed in female animal gonads. Granulosa cells (GCs) are somatic cells that are closely related to the development of female gametes in mammalian ovaries. However, the biological roles of miR-202-5p in GCs remain unknown. Here, we show that miR-202-5p is specifically expressed in GCs and accumulates in extracellular vesicles (EVs) from large growth follicles in goat ovaries. In vitro assays showed that miR-202-5p induced apoptosis and suppressed the proliferation of goat GCs. We further revealed that miR-202-5p is a functional miRNA that targets the transforming growth factor-beta type II receptor (TGFßR2). MiR-202-5p attenuated TGF-ß/SMAD signaling through the degradation of TGFßR2 at both the mRNA and protein level, decreasing p-SMAD3 levels in GCs. Moreover, we verified that steroidogenic factor 1 (SF1) is a transcriptional factor that binds to the promoters of miR-202 and cytochrome P450 family 19 subfamily A member 1 (CYP19A1) through luciferase reporter and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays. That contributed to positive correlation between miR-202-5p and CYP19A1 expression and estradiol (E2) release. Furthermore, SF1 repressed TGFßR2 and p-SMAD3 levels in GCs through the transactivation of miR-202-5p. Taken together, these results suggest a mechanism by which miR-202-5p regulates canonical TGF-ß/SMAD signaling through targeting TGFßR2 in GCs. This provides insight into the transcriptional regulation of miR-202 and CYP19A1 during goat ovarian follicular development.

4.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(5): 2772-2790, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32030886

RESUMO

Several microRNAs are associated with carcinogenesis and tumour progression. Herein, our observations suggest both miR24-2 and Pim1 are up-regulated in human liver cancers, and miR24-2 accelerates growth of liver cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, miR24-2 increases the expression of N6-adenosine-methyltransferase METTL3 and thereafter promotes the expression of miR6079 via RNA methylation modification. Furthermore, miR6079 targets JMJD2A and then increased the tri-methylation of histone H3 on the ninth lysine (H3K9me3). Therefore, miR24-2 inhibits JMJD2A by increasing miR6079 and then increases H3K9me3. Strikingly, miR24-2 increases the expression of Pim1 dependent on H3K9me3 and METTL3. Notably, our findings suggest that miR24-2 alters several related genes (pHistone H3, SUZ12, SUV39H1, Nanog, MEKK4, pTyr) and accelerates progression of liver cancer cells through Pim1 activation. In particular, Pim1 is required for the oncogenic action of miR24-2 in liver cancer. This study elucidates a novel mechanism for miR24-2 in liver cancer and suggests that miR24-2 may be used as novel therapeutic targets of liver cancer.

5.
Mol Ther ; 28(2): 572-586, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732298

RESUMO

MicroRNA24-2 (miR24-2) is associated with human tumorigenesis; however, its molecular mechanisms are poorly understood. Herein, our findings demonstrate that miR24-2 promotes the proliferation ability in vitro and the tumorigenic ability in vivo in human liver cancer stem cells (hLCSCs). Mechanically, the miR24-2 targets for 3' UTR (2,627-2,648) of protein arginine methyltransferase 7 (PRMT7) inhibit the translational ability of prmt7 gene. Moreover, miR24-2 inhibits the di-/tri-methylation of histone H4 arginine 3 by reducing PRMT7 and then promotes the expression of Nanog via long noncoding RNA HULC. Notably, miR24-2 inhibits histone deacetylase HDAC3 through miR675, which promotes the acetylation of histone H4 at lysine 16. Subsequently, miR24-2 enhances the interaction between LC3 and ATG4 dependent on PI3K and triggers cellular autophagy. Strikingly, miR24-2 inhibits the degradation of pyruvate kinase M1 via autophagosome-P62 in hLCSCs. Furthermore, miR24-2 enhances the activity of Src by promoting the binding of PKM1 to the Src promoter regions in hLCSCs. In particular, our results also indicate that src gene determines the oncogenic functions of miR24-2. These results provided a valuable theoretical basis for the discovery of liver cancer therapeutic targets and diagnosis markers based on miR24-2.

6.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(2): 2004-2012, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31845528

RESUMO

Tuberculosis (TB), caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), is one of leading causes of global deaths. This study aimed to explore the role of miR-18a in RAW264.7 cells response to Mtb infection. Exosomes derived from Mtb-infected cells were isolated and further validated by size, transmission electron microscopy and Western blot. RT-PCR was utilized to measure miR-18a expression. Cell viability and ultrastructure were examined by CFU counting, CCK-8 and electron microscope, respectively. Potential target genes of miR-18a were predicted with bioinformatics and further confirmed using RT-PCR, Western blot and laser confocal microscope analysis, respectively. LC3, AMPK and mTOR were measured using Western blot. We found that miR-18a was induced both in Mtb-infected RAW264.7 cells and its derived exosomes compared with the controls. In addition, up-regulation of miR-18a promoted intracellular Mtb survival, attenuated cell viability and reduced LC3-II level, while its down-regulation had the opposite effect. miR-18a overexpression suppressed level of ATM, one possible target of miR-18a, while its underexpression enhanced ATM. We also found that inhibition of ATM induced LC3-II decrease in Mtb-infected cells and could reverse the increase of LC3-II caused by inhibition of miR-18a. Moreover, down-regulation of miR-18a increased p-AMPK level while reduction of ATM could reverse the change. Taken together, our results suggest that miR-18a is up-regulated in macrophages response to Mtb infection, and it promotes intracellular Mtb survival through repressing autophagic process by down-regulation of ATM pathway. This provides new thought for TB pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment.

7.
Animals (Basel) ; 9(12)2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775375

RESUMO

With increasing age, the rumen microbiota of new-born ruminants become central in the translation of fibrous feed substances into essential nutrients. However, the colonization process of the microbial community (especially fungal community) remains poorly understood in ruminants at pre-weaning stages. In this study, the rumen bacterial and fungal colonization processes were investigated in goats at eight stages using amplicon sequencing. For bacteria, we found 36 common core genera at D0, D3, D14, D28, and D56, including mainly Bacillus, Alloprevotella, Bacteroides, Prevotella_1, Lactococcus, and Ruminococcaceae_NK4A214. Firmicutes was the dominant phylum among the total microbiota in newborn goat kids (prior to nursing), while Bacillus, Lactococcus, and Pseudomonas were predominant genera. Interestingly, the proportion of Bacillus was as high as 55% in newborn animals. After milk nursing, the predominant phylum changed to Bacteroidetes, while the proportion of Bacillus and Lactobacillus was very low. CowPi was used to predict the functional gene pathways and we found increases in the abundance of genes associated with amino acid related enzymes, DNA repair and recombination proteins, aminoacyl tRNA biosynthesis, and peptidases after D3. With regard to fungi, we found that there were 51 common genera at day 0 (D0), D3, D14, D28, and D56, including mainly Cryptococcus, Aspergillus, and Caecomyces. Aspergillus occupied approximately 47% at day 0, but then it decreased from day 3 to day 14. This study indicates that the core microbes of rumen emerged shortly after birth, but the abundance was very different from the core genus of the adult rumen. In addition, we also report a detailed scheme of the bacterial and fungal colonization process in rumens and propose three distinct stages during the rumen colonization process in pre-weaning goats, which will offer a reference for the development of milk substitutes for small ruminants.

8.
Front Microbiol ; 10: 2125, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31572331

RESUMO

Bacterial communities in gastrointestinal tracts (GIT) play an important role in animal health and performance. Despite its importance, little information is available on the establishment of microbial populations in the goat GIT or on changes occurring during early development. Therefore, this study investigated the bacterial community dynamics of the rumen, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecum, and colon in 15 goats at five developmental stages (0, 14, 28, 42, and 56 days old) by using 16S rDNA sequencing and quantitative real-time PCR technology. 940 genera were found to belong to 44 phyla distributed along the GIT. As a whole, the microbial richness and diversity showed a clear increasing trend as the kids aged and alpha diversity differed significantly among GIT compartments mainly occurring at middle day ages (14 and 28 days). Principal coordinate analysis indicated that the bacterial community displayed distinct temporal and spatial specificity along the GIT in preweaning goats. As kids aged, the phylum Firmicutes was replaced by Bacteroidetes in rumen, whereas Proteobacteria in the large intestine was displaced by Firmicutes. The phylum Proteobacteria was mainly present in the small intestine in older animals. In the rumen, taxa, such as Bacillus and Lactococcus decreased and Prevotella, Treponema, Ruminococcus, and unclassified Prevotellaceae increased with the age of kids. Furthermore, a lower proportion of taxa, such as Lactobacillus and Bacteroides was observed with higher abundances of both Christensenellaceae_R_7 and Ruminococcus in duodenum and jejunum in older animals. In the large intestine, the microbiota displayed taxonomic dynamics with increases of Ruminococcaceae UCG 005, unclassified Lachnospiraceae, Barnesiella, and Blautia as kids aged. Predicted pathway analysis suggested that genes involved in amino acid metabolism, and translation were abundant in both rumen and duodenum, while genes involved in membrane transport and carbohydrate metabolism were enriched in the large intestine. These results indicate that both the microbial colonization process and potential function exert a temporal-spatial specificity throughout the GIT of goats. This study provides new insight into the temporal dynamics of GIT microbiota development during preweaning and will aid to develop strategies for improving animal health and downstream production.

9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(24): e15881, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192920

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Because of its infrequent and the lack of clinical data and image finding, the management of acute infections with the hepatosplenic brucella abscesses is challenging. METHODS: There were 10 serologically diagnosed cases with this brucella infection. All patients had fever, 50% patients had upper abdominal pain. Ninety percent patients lived in an urban environment. The localization of lesions included: 30% hepatosplenic, 30% liver, and 40% spleen. RESULTS: Abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated hepatosplenomegaly, with multiple small abscess lesions of various sizes in the acute stage of brucellosis, with the largest diameter of 1.5 cm in the liver. After contrast-enhanced CT and MRI findings, the arterial phase in which the enhancing area of lesions was thick, revealed multifocal hypodense or hypointense lesions of various sizes. These lesions manifested distinct boundary, which was intensified obviously in portal venous phase. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that early CT or MRI dynamic contrast enhancement of suspected cases could improve rapid diagnosis. However, diagnostic criteria remain problematic and diagnosis is mostly based on a combination of clinical suspicion, serologic markers, and radiologic findings.


Assuntos
Brucelose/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso Hepático/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Multimodal/métodos , Esplenomegalia/diagnóstico por imagem , Adolescente , Idoso , Brucelose/tratamento farmacológico , China/etnologia , Doxiciclina/administração & dosagem , Doxiciclina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Abscesso Hepático/tratamento farmacológico , Abscesso Hepático/microbiologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rifampina/administração & dosagem , Rifampina/uso terapêutico , Esplenomegalia/tratamento farmacológico , Esplenomegalia/microbiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 512, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dermal papilla cells (DPCs), the "signaling center" of hair follicle (HF), delicately master continual growth of hair in mammals including cashmere, the fine fiber annually produced by secondary HF embedded in cashmere goat skins. Such unparalleled capacity bases on their exquisite character in instructing the cellular activity of hair-forming keratinocytes via secreting numerous molecular signals. Past studies suggested microRNA (miRNAs) and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play essential roles in a wide variety of biological process, including HF cycling. However, their roles and related molecular mechanisms in modulating DPCs secretory activities are still poorly understood. RESULTS: Here, we separately cultivated DPCs and their functionally and morphologically distinct dermal fibroblasts (DFs) from cashmere goat skins at anagen. With the advantage of high throughput RNA-seq, we synchronously identified 2540 lncRNAs and 536 miRNAs from two types of cellular samples at 4th passages. Compared with DFs, 1286 mRNAs, 18 lncRNAs, and 42 miRNAs were upregulated, while 1254 mRNAs, 53 lncRNAs and 44 miRNAs were downregulated in DPCs. Through overlapping with mice data, we ultimately defined 25 core signatures of DPCs, including HOXC8 and RSPO1, two crucial activators for hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs). Subsequently, we emphatically investigated the impacts of miRNAs and lncRNAs (cis- and trans- acting) on the genes, indicating that ncRNAs extensively exert negative and positive effects on their expressions. Furthermore, we screened lncRNAs acting as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs) to sponge miRNAs and relief their repressive effects on targeted genes, and constructed related lncRNAs-miRNAs-HOXC8/RSPO1 interactive lines using bioinformatic tools. As a result, XR_310320.3-chi-miR-144-5p-HOXC8, XR_311077.2-novel_624-RSPO1 and others lines appeared, displaying that lncRNAs might serve as ceRNAs to indirectly adjust HFSCs status in hair growth. CONCLUSION: The present study provides an unprecedented inventory of lncRNAs, miRNAs and mRNAs in goat DPCs and DFs. We also exhibit some miRNAs and lncRNAs potentially participate in the modulation of HFSCs activation via delicately adjusting core signatures of DPCs. Our report shines new light on the latent roles and underlying molecular mechanisms of ncRNAs on hair growth.


Assuntos
Cabras/genética , Folículo Piloso/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/fisiologia , RNA não Traduzido/fisiologia , Animais , Derme/citologia , Feminino , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Cabras/metabolismo , Cabelo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pele/citologia , Trombospondinas/genética , Transcriptoma
11.
Anaerobe ; 59: 118-125, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228671

RESUMO

The rumen contains a highly complex microbial ecosystem that plays an important role in converting solar energy in plants into nutrients for ruminants and generates animal food products, such as meat and milk for humans. Therefore, understanding the effect of the dietary concentrate to forage (C:F) ratio on ruminal microbiota is of great significance for the growth and development of ruminants. In this study, changes in the ruminal bacterial and anaerobic fungal populations of Shaanbei white-cashmere (SWC) goats that were reared under different dietary C:F ratios were evaluated by high-throughput sequencing analysis. It was found that dietary C:F ratio has a significant impact on the composition of the ruminal bacteria in SWC goats. The levels of Actinobacteria and Proteobacteria were significantly increased (P < 0.05), whereas the level of Bacteroidetes was significantly decreased when the proportion of dietary concentrate was increased (P < 0.05); as the proportion of dietary concentrate increased, Prevotella, Selenomonas, and Treponema were significantly increased (P < 0.05), whereas Oscillospira and Succiniclasticum were significantly reduced (P < 0.05). Furthermore, different dietary C:F ratios significantly affected the composition of anaerobic fungi in SWC goats. As the proportion of dietary concentrate increased, Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, and Zygomycota were significantly increased (P < 0.05), while Neocallimastigomycota was significantly reduced (P < 0.05); the levels of Alternaria, Aspergillus, Neocallimastix, Orpinomyces, Piromyces, and Stachybotrys were significantly increased, while those of Candida, Penicillium, and Trichosporon were significantly decreased when the proportion of dietary concentrate increased (P < 0.05). These findings will help us to better understand the changes in ruminal bacterial and anaerobic fungal populations of SWC goats under different dietary C:F ratios, which could provide a theoretical basis for microecological regulation of SWC goats.


Assuntos
Bactérias Anaeróbias/classificação , Biota/efeitos dos fármacos , Dieta/métodos , Fungos/classificação , Cabras/microbiologia , Rúmen/microbiologia , Anaerobiose , Animais , Bactérias Anaeróbias/isolamento & purificação , Feminino , Fungos/isolamento & purificação
12.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 2605-2616, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31114327

RESUMO

Background: Postoperative recurrence is the main cause of a poor prognosis in early-stage lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Factors that can predict recurrence risk are critically needed. Materials and methods: In this study, we designed a screening procedure based on gene profile data and performed validation using TCGA and Daping hospital's cohorts. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between patients with recurrence-free survival (RFS) <1 year and RFS >3 years were identified, overlapping genes among these DEGs were selected as candidate biomarkers. A Cox proportional hazards model, immunohistochemistry and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis were performed to validate these biomarkers in two distinct validation sets. Results: SFTPB, SFTPD, SFTA1P, HLA-DQB1, ITGB8, ANLN, and LRRN1 were overlapped both in TCGA and Daping discovery sets. The Cox proportional hazards model analysis of the TCGA validation set showed that HLA-DQB1 was an independent prognostic factor for RFS (HR=0.686, 95% CI, 0.542-0.868). Immunohistochemistry and Kaplan-Meier analysis in Daping validation sets confirmed HLA-DQB1 expression on tumor cells (not interstitial cells) to be an effective predictor of postoperative recurrence. Further examination revealed that the level of HLA-DQB1 expression on tumor cells was positively correlated with CD4- and CD8-positive lymphocyte infiltration into the tumor. Conclusion: All results indicate that high expression of HLA-DQB1 on tumor cells is a good prognostic marker in early-stage LUAD, and the mechanism may be related to anti-tumor immune activity.

13.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 512(4): 779-785, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30928098

RESUMO

3-oxoacid CoA-transferase 1 (OXCT1) is a key enzyme in ketone body metabolism that is expressed in adipose and other tissues. The present study addressed the function of OXCT1 in adipose tissue from Tan sheep. The 1563 bp ovine OXCT1 coding sequence was cloned from ovine adipose tissue. The OXCT1 protein sequence was highly homologous to OXCT1 from other species. OXCT1 was highly expressed in kidney and at lower levels in small intestine, lung, spleen, heart, stomach, liver, tail adipose, and cartilage, but not in longissimus muscle. OXCT1 was expressed at higher levels in perirenal and tail adipose tissues than in subcutaneous adipose tissue. OXCT1 expression levels increased during the in vitro differentiation of adipocytes, but decreased dramatically at day 8. OXCT1 knockdown in ovine adipocytes promoted lipid accumulation, whereas overexpression did the converse. This study demonstrates that OXCT1 may play a role in adipogenesis and provides new insight on adipose deposition in sheep.

14.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 103(7): 3193-3203, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30793235

RESUMO

The rumen microbiome is thought to play an important role in maintaining normal gastrointestinal metabolism and nutrient absorption in ruminants. The present study was designed to investigate the effect of heat stress on the rumen microbiome of goats using 16S rRNA sequencing technology. Six female goats were randomly allocated into two control metabolic chambers: A and B (in which the temperature and humidity could be precisely controlled with a precision deviation of ± 0.5 °C and ± 5%, with three goats/chamber). Dynamic changes in the rumen bacterial community were detected under 16 gradually increasing temperature and humidity indexes (THIs). Heat stress had no significant effect on alpha diversity but affected the main phyla and genera of the goat rumen microbiota. With a deeper level of heat stress, the TH groups formed a distinct cluster that differed from that of the control check (CK) group. The dominant phylum transitioned from Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes, and co-exclusion occurred between these two phyla. With the increase in THI, the content of probiotics in the Lachnospiraceae_ND3007_group (P < 0.05) decreased, and the abundance of pathogenic bacteria, such as Erysipelotrichaceae_UCG-004 and Treponema_2, increased; however, the difference between the groups was not significant (P > 0.05). Phylogenetic investigation of communities by reconstruction of unobserved states (PICRUSt) was used to predict bacterial function, and we found that the ambient environment significantly affected the balance between carbohydrate and energy metabolism (P < 0.05). In conclusion, heat stress changed the composition of rumen microbes and affected metabolic function. This experiment provides a theoretical basis for exploring the effects of environmental factors on the rumen of goats.


Assuntos
Bactérias/classificação , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Cabras/microbiologia , Umidade , Rúmen/microbiologia , Temperatura , Animais , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Bacteroidetes/classificação , Feminino , Firmicutes/classificação , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
15.
Environ Pollut ; 246: 26-33, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30529938

RESUMO

Virgin microplastics undergo aging and form oxygen-containing functional groups when they enter the environment. Therefore, the sorption of organic pollutants onto microplastics is not limited to hydrophobic organic pollutants and can also occur with hydrophilic organic pollutants. Therefore, understanding the sorption behaviors and mechanism between aged microplastics and hydrophilic organic pollutants is essential for evaluating the real effects of microplastics in the environment. We investigated the impacts of the UV-accelerated aging of polystyrene (PS) and polyvinylchloride (PVC) on their sorption interactions with ciprofloxacin (CIP). The results of infrared spectroscopy (IR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed significant surface oxidation and localized microcracks on the aged microplastics. The sorption kinetics and isotherms models indicated that the sorption capacity of aged microplastics is higher than that of pristine microplastics, and their physical interactions, including partitioning, electrostatic interactions, and intermolecular hydrogen bonding, were the dominant mechanism, as demonstrated by FTIR analysis. Moreover, the sorption capacity of the pristine microplastics decreased as the degree of crystallinity increased, whereas the opposite trend was observed with aged microplastics, which means that the crystallinity is not the controlling factor. In addition, salinity suppressed adsorption on all the tested microplastics. The pH influences the electrostatic attraction between the microplastics and CIP because CIP has a different charge at different pH values. The results presented herein confirm the importance of studying the adsorption between hydrophilic organic pollutants and aged microplastics because ultimately, all microplastics become aged. Moreover, the effects of aged microplastics with adsorbed hydrophilic chemicals on organisms need to be further studied.


Assuntos
Água Doce/química , Plásticos/química , Água do Mar/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/química , Adsorção , Ciprofloxacino/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Cinética , Modelos Químicos , Salinidade
16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(1): 588-602, 2019 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30525420

RESUMO

Metal-free g-C3N4 is a promising candidate for the next-generation visible light-responsive photocatalyst; however, high recombination probability of the photogenerated charge carriers on g-C3N4 limits its photocatalytic activity. To further increase the intrinsic photocatalytic activity of g-C3N4, here, perylene tetracarboxylic diimide-g-C3N4 (PDI/GCN) heterojunctions are prepared by one-step imidization reaction between perylene tetracarboxylic dianhydride (PTCDA) and g-C3N4 in aqueous solution. By the combination of various testing results, it is confirmed that the surface hybridization of PTCDA and g-C3N4 in the PDI/GCN heterojunctions via O═C-N-C═O covalent bonds occurs at lower PTCDA-to-g-C3N4 weight percentage. By selecting p-nitrophenol (PNP) and levofloxacin (LEV) as the target organic pollutants, the visible-light photocatalytic performance of the PDI/GCN heterojunctions is studied. It shows that the PDI/GCN heterojunction prepared at a PTCDA-to-g-C3N4 weight percentage of 1% exhibits remarkably higher visible-light photocatalytic degradation and mineralization ability toward aqueous target pollutants as compared with g-C3N4 and Degussa P25 TiO2. On the basis of the experimental results including photoelectrochemistry, indirect chemical probe, and electron spin resonance spectroscopy, it is verified that the surface hybridization in the heterojunctions is responsible for this enhanced photocatalytic activity via accelerating the migration and separation of the photogenerated charge carriers, causing to produce more active species like •O2-, hVB+, and •OH for deep oxidation of PNP or LEV to CO2 and inorganic anions.

17.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 14: 171-183, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30594073

RESUMO

miR675 is highly expressed in several human tumor tissues and positively regulates cell progression. Herein, we demonstrate that miR675 promotes malignant transformation of human mesenchymal stem cells. Mechanistically, we reveal that miR675 enhances the expression of the polyubiquitin-binding protein p62. Intriguingly, P62 competes with SETD2 to bind histone H3 and then significantly reduces SETD2-binding capacity to substrate histone H3, triggering drastically the reduction of three methylation on histone H3 36th lysine (H3K36me3). Thereby, the H3K36me3-hMSH6-SKP2 triplex complex is significantly decreased. Notably, the ternary complex's occupancy capacity on chromosome is absolutely reduced, preventing it from DNA damage repair. By virtue of the reductive degradation ability of SKP2 for aging histone H3.3 bound to mismatch DNA, the aging histone H3.3 repair is delayed. Therefore, the mismatch DNA escapes from repair, triggering the abnormal expression of several cell cycle-related genes and causing the malignant transformation of mesenchymal stem cells. These observations strongly suggest understanding the novel functions of miR675 will help in the development of novel therapeutic approaches in a broad range of cancer types.

18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 18(12)2018 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30513898

RESUMO

In order to solve the problem of face recognition in complex environments being vulnerable to illumination change, object rotation, occlusion, and so on, which leads to the imprecision of target position, a face recognition algorithm with multi-feature fusion is proposed. This study presents a new robust face-matching method named SR-CNN, combining the rotation-invariant texture feature (RITF) vector, the scale-invariant feature transform (SIFT) vector, and the convolution neural network (CNN). Furthermore, a graphics processing unit (GPU) is used to parallelize the model for an optimal computational performance. The Labeled Faces in the Wild (LFW) database and self-collection face database were selected for experiments. It turns out that the true positive rate is improved by 10.97⁻13.24% and the acceleration ratio (the ratio between central processing unit (CPU) operation time and GPU time) is 5⁻6 times for the LFW face database. For the self-collection, the true positive rate increased by 12.65⁻15.31%, and the acceleration ratio improved by a factor of 6⁻7.


Assuntos
Identificação Biométrica/métodos , Face/anatomia & histologia , Reconhecimento Facial , Algoritmos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos
19.
Med Sci (Paris) ; 34 Focus issue F1: 121-133, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403187

RESUMO

Sarcoidosis is a disease involving the growth of abnormal inflammatory granulomas and affecting multisystems. It has an unknown etiology. The lung and the skin are the most commonly involved organs. Although large amounts of research have focused on the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis, little is known about the link between cutaneous sarcoidosis and pulmonary sarcoidosis. Moreover, the gene expression profiles provide a novel way to find diagnostic or prognostic biomarkers. Therefore, the aim of this study was to analyze the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in pulmonary sarcoidosis and cutaneous sarcoidosis patients and to compare them to healthy individuals. DEGs and their biological functions are dynamically dysregulated, and several common disease-related genes and mutual disease progression-related genes were identified which linked pulmonary sarcoidosis and cutaneous sarcoidosis together. The biological functional pathways regulated by these DEGs may allow to define the common mechanism shared by different type of sarcoidosis, providing novel insight into the common pathogenesis of sarcoidosis and opening the way to the development of new therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Sarcoidose Pulmonar/genética , Sarcoidose/genética , Dermatopatias/genética , Transcriptoma , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Prognóstico , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico , Sarcoidose/epidemiologia , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Sarcoidose Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Dermatopatias/diagnóstico , Dermatopatias/epidemiologia
20.
J Mol Med (Berl) ; 96(10): 1119-1130, 2018 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30140938

RESUMO

Both miR675 and pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) contribute to malignant progression of tumor, but its functions in liver cancer stem cells remain unclear. Herein, our findings indicate that miR675 plus PKM2 strongly promotes the growth of liver cancer stem cells. Mechanistically, miR675 plus PKM2 enhances the transcriptional activity of SUV39h2. On the other hand, the excessive SUV39h2 binds to more substrate histone H3, triggering an increase of tri-methylation of histone H3 on the ninth lysine. Furthermore, the tri-methylation of histone 3 on the ninth lysine (H3K9me3)-heterochromatin protein 1 alpha (HP1α) complex is increased when the complex occupancy ability on the C-myc promoter region is raised, recruiting CREB, P300, and RNApolII to the special position that results in C-myc high abundance. Therefore, miR675 plus PKM2 triggered the upregulation of C-myc by increasing the interaction between H3K9me3 and HP1α. Understanding the signaling pathways that miR675 plus PKM2 epigenetically possesses during the malignant transformation of liver cancer stem cells will contribute to more effective liver cancer therapies.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte , Células-Tronco Embrionárias , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Proteínas de Membrana , MicroRNAs , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas , Hormônios Tireóideos , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus
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