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1.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-1014572

RESUMO

The senescence of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) will induce age-related bone tissue degeneration and chronic inflammation, and reduce its application effect for cell therapy. More and more active ingredients of traditional chinese medicine have been proved to intervene BM - MSCs senescence, playing an important role in bone diseases prevention and treatment, and improving the therapeutic effect of BM-MSCs. In this paper, the latest research progress on the molecular mechanism of traditional chinese medicine active ingredients interfering BM-MSCs senescence was summarized, in order to provide new direction and reference basis for senescence intervention research and clinical application improvement of BM-MSCs.

2.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-965667

RESUMO

ObjectiveTo study the modeling characteristics of the animal model of premature ovarian insufficiency and provide references for the standardization of the animal model of premature ovarian insufficiency, thus offering a better research basis to the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of the disease. MethodThe animal experimental literature of premature ovarian insufficiency in the past decade was obtained by searching China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang, VIP Chinese Technology Periodical Database, China Biology Medicine (CBM), and PubMed. The types of experimental animals, modeling methods, dosage, administration scheme, modeling standards, and detection indicators were summarized. The frequency analysis was performed with Excel, the association rule analysis was performed with SPSS Modeler 18.0, and the results were visually upgraded with Cytascape 3.6.1. ResultA total of 281 articles were included, and most animal experiments on premature ovarian insufficiency were performed on SD rats or BALB/c mice. Most modeling methods were iatrogenic induction, and the main modeling drug was cyclophosphamide. Erestrous cycle disorder was selected as the modeling standard. Ovarian histomorphology, estradiol, follicle stimulating hormone, and estrous cycle were selected as the detection indicators to comprehensively evaluate the model from multiple aspects. ConclusionSD rats are mostly used to induce modeling in animal experiments on premature ovarian insufficiency through first intraperitoneal injection of cyclophosphamide 50 mg·kg-1 and 8 mg·kg-1·d-1 from the next day for 14 d, which has the advantages of easy operation, high modeling rate, and consistency with the disease pathogenesis. This paper can provide references for basic animal experimental research of premature ovarian insufficiency.

3.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 171-175, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-920579

RESUMO

Objective@#To analyze the association between masculine and feminine traits, gender role in students and family factors, and to provide a scientific basis for promoting the healthy development of children and adolescents gender role.@*Methods@#Cluster random sampling method was used to selected 823 students from 2 schools of Xiamen in May, 2018, participants were asked to report individual masculine and feminine traits through the Child s Sex Role Inventory, and then gender role was divided into four types (masculine, feminine, androgynous, undifferentiated). Non parametric tests, generalized linear model, and Logistic regression model were used to explore the association between masculine and feminine traits, gender role and family factors.@*Results@#Compared with the boys from the nuclear family, the masculine traits were lower in boys of other families by 0.282( 95% CI = -0.452 --0.110), and the feminine traits were also lower by 0.192 (95% CI =-0.369--0.014). Compared with boys of middle socioeconomic status (SES), the masculine traits of boys from low SES decreased by 0.157 (95% CI =-0.286--0.029), and the feminine traits decreased by 0.140 (95% CI =-0.274--0.005). The proportion of androgynous in boys from other families was significantly lower than boys from the nuclear family ( OR =0.45, 95% CI =0.21-0.94), with the proportion of undifferentiated significantly higher than nuclear family 2.33 (95% CI =1.22-4.44). The proportion of androgynous in boys from low SES was significantly lower than boys from middle SES ( OR =0.59, 95% CI =0.35-0.99), with the proportion of undifferentiated significantly higher than middle SES 1.62 (95% CI =1.00-2.65). Among girls, the differences in masculine and feminine traits and gender role of different family factors were not statistically significant ( P >0.05).@*Conclusion@#The masculine and feminine traits and gender role in students are associated with family structures and socioeconomic status, especially in boys. Therefore, the family environment is an important factor affecting children s gender role, and the healthy development of children s gender role needs parents attention and correct guidance.

4.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-934589

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effects of acupuncture combined with Brunnstrom staging on upper-limb motor function, cerebral arterial blood flow velocity, and brain function remodeling after stroke. Methods: A total of 77 patients after stroke were selected between January 2017 and December 2019 to perform a prospective study. All cases were divided into an observation group and a control group by the random number table method. Both groups were treated with conventional symptomatic treatment for stroke and functional exercise according to the Brunnstrom staging. The observation group was treated with additional acupuncture treatment based on the Brunnstrom staging therapy. The therapeutic efficacy was evaluated after six-week treatment. The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) symptom scores of dizziness, headache, limb numbness, and language disorders before and after the treatment in the two groups were compared. According to the Fugl-Meyer motor function assessment (FMA), the upper-limb motor function before and after the treatment was compared. And the average systolic blood flow velocity of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA), middle cerebral artery (MCA), and posterior cerebral artery (PCA) in the two groups before and after the treatment were compared. According to the modified Edinburgh-Scandinavia stroke scale (MESSS), the nerve function before and after the treatment was compared. Results: The total effective rate of the observation group was 94.9%, significantly higher than 79.0% of the control group (P<0.05). After the treatment, the TCM symptom scores of dizziness, headache, limb numbness, and language disorders in both groups decreased, and the scores in the observation group were all significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). The FMA score of upper limbs in both groups increased, and the score in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The average systolic blood flow velocities of the ACA, MCA and PCA in both groups increased, and were significantly higher in the observation group than in the control group (P<0.05). The MESSS score in both groups decreased, and the score in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0.05). Conclusion: Acupuncture combined with Brunnstrom staging is effective for patients after stroke. It can effectively improve the upper-limb motor function and cerebral artery blood flow velocity, promote brain function remodeling, and restore nerve function.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 320-330, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-932838

RESUMO

Percutaneous vertebral augmentation, including percutaneous vertebroplasty and percutaneous kyphoplasty, has been considered as an effective and safe option in treating osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. The fractured vertebrae were strengthened by the bone cement injected, thus reducing the symptoms related to fracture. Bone cement injected intraoperatively can be divided into extraspinal (leakage) and intraspinal part, depending on its final location. The former may lead to pulmonary embolism, spinal cord or nerve injury, or some other sequelae; the latter may closely relate to the clinical outcome, radiological outcomes, surgical complications and biomechanical properties. To date, there were a large number of studies on term of the distribution type of bone cement. However, the classification criteria varied and there was lack of literature review on this issue. According to the literature reviewed, the distribution type of bone cement was a critical parameter in percutaneous vertebral augmentation; most classification systems were based on the postoperative X-ray, some based on the postoperative CT, and only a few based on postoperative MRI; in different classification systems, criteria on bone cement morphology tends to be consistent, however, criteria on bone cement range tends to be inconsistent, consistency, similarity and controversy all exited among conclusions between various studies on the morphology and range of bone cement; any single classification system can not describe the distribution of bone cement thoroughly. In this study, classification systems were reviewed, clinical significance and biomechanical conclusions of different classification systems were documented, and the reliability and limitations of classification systems were summarized, hence providing an insight for further research on classifications of the bone cement distribution.

6.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-940174

RESUMO

ObjectiveTo explore the pharmacodynamic effect of the water extract of Citri Grandis exocarpium (WEC) on mice with alcohol-induced acute liver injury and provide data support for the development of this medicinal for anti-alcoholism and liver protection. MethodThe main components of WEC were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Sixty Balb/c mice were randomized into 6 groups: control group (equal volume of 0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose sodium solution), model group (equal volume of 0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose sodium solution), low-, medium-, and high-dose WEC groups (0.5, 1.0, 2.0 g·kg-1), and Haiwang Jinzun tablet positive control group (2.0 g·kg-1). The administration lasted 14 days. One day before the end of the administration, mice were fasted for 12 h with free access to water. The mice, except the control group, were given 56° Chinese liquor (13 mL·kg-1). After 2 h, blood was taken from eyeballs and the liver was dissected and weighed. Automatic biochemical analyzer was employed to detect the expression of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH). The pathological changes of liver tissues were observed based on hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and apoptosis of hepatocytes based on TUNEL/DAB staining. The expression of proteins related to apoptosis was detected by Western blot. ResultAccording to the HPLC fingerprint, the main components of WEC were rhoifolin and naringin. Compared with the control group, the model group showed increase in liver/body weight ratio (P<0.01) and the expression of ALT and AST (P<0.05, P<0.01), decrease in the expression of ADH (P<0.05), blurred structure of hepatic lobules, pathological changes of liver tissue, loose cytoplasm with edema, severe steatosis, rise of the TUNEL-positive rate (P<0.01), reduction in expression of Bcl-2 (P<0.01), and increase in Bax and Caspase-3 (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, medium-dose WEC lowered liver/body weight ratio (P<0.05). All doses of WEC depressed the activity of ALT and AST (P<0.05, P<0.01), up-regulated the expression of ADH (P<0.05), significantly improved the pathological features of alcohol-induced cytoplasmic porosity, edema, and steatosis, down-regulated the TUNEL-positive rate (P<0.05, P<0.01), enhanced the expression of Bcl-2 (P<0.05), and decreased Bax and Caspase-3 (P<0.01). ConclusionWEC regulates the expression of ALT, AST, and ADH and improves hepatic steatosis and hepatocyte apoptosis to fight against acute liver injury.

7.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-940142

RESUMO

ObjectiveTo explore the pharmacodynamic effect of the water extract of Citri Grandis exocarpium (WEC) on mice with alcohol-induced acute liver injury and provide data support for the development of this medicinal for anti-alcoholism and liver protection. MethodThe main components of WEC were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Sixty Balb/c mice were randomized into 6 groups: control group (equal volume of 0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose sodium solution), model group (equal volume of 0.5% carboxymethyl cellulose sodium solution), low-, medium-, and high-dose WEC groups (0.5, 1.0, 2.0 g·kg-1), and Haiwang Jinzun tablet positive control group (2.0 g·kg-1). The administration lasted 14 days. One day before the end of the administration, mice were fasted for 12 h with free access to water. The mice, except the control group, were given 56° Chinese liquor (13 mL·kg-1). After 2 h, blood was taken from eyeballs and the liver was dissected and weighed. Automatic biochemical analyzer was employed to detect the expression of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH). The pathological changes of liver tissues were observed based on hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and apoptosis of hepatocytes based on TUNEL/DAB staining. The expression of proteins related to apoptosis was detected by Western blot. ResultAccording to the HPLC fingerprint, the main components of WEC were rhoifolin and naringin. Compared with the control group, the model group showed increase in liver/body weight ratio (P<0.01) and the expression of ALT and AST (P<0.05, P<0.01), decrease in the expression of ADH (P<0.05), blurred structure of hepatic lobules, pathological changes of liver tissue, loose cytoplasm with edema, severe steatosis, rise of the TUNEL-positive rate (P<0.01), reduction in expression of Bcl-2 (P<0.01), and increase in Bax and Caspase-3 (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, medium-dose WEC lowered liver/body weight ratio (P<0.05). All doses of WEC depressed the activity of ALT and AST (P<0.05, P<0.01), up-regulated the expression of ADH (P<0.05), significantly improved the pathological features of alcohol-induced cytoplasmic porosity, edema, and steatosis, down-regulated the TUNEL-positive rate (P<0.05, P<0.01), enhanced the expression of Bcl-2 (P<0.05), and decreased Bax and Caspase-3 (P<0.01). ConclusionWEC regulates the expression of ALT, AST, and ADH and improves hepatic steatosis and hepatocyte apoptosis to fight against acute liver injury.

8.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-995808

RESUMO

Objective:The Clinical Research Coordinator (CRC) is responsible for transcribing and verifying clinical trial data, and making recommendations to research institutions and sponsors on clinical trial data through analyzing and discussing data problems found in CRC work assessment, thereby improving the quality of clinical trials.Methods:Based on the ALOCA+ Principle, this study analyzed the data problems found in CRC assessment based on clinical trial quality conducted in a grade A tertiary hospital in Beijing from November 2018 to December 2021, and discussed improvement measures for clinical trial data problems.Results:Among the clinical trial data problems, data integrity is the most prominent, followed by accuracy.Conclusions:Research institutions and sponsors should improve the data management system and SOP, strengthen the training for clinical trial participants, optimize a trial plan and process design, strengthen supervision and inspection, and establish a risk-based quality control system, etc., so as to make clinical trial data conform to the international ALOCA+ principle and make clinical trial results accurate and reliable.

9.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-990115

RESUMO

Objective:To understand the real experience of work alienation among nurses with master′s degrees working in first-class hospitals.Methods:A descriptive qualitative research method of qualitative research was employed to conduct in-depth interviews with 15 nurses with master′s degrees from five tertiary first-class hospitals in Tianjin from January 2022 to March 2022. Nvivo 12 software was used to manage the interview data. The metic analysis method was used to refine the themes and subthemes.Results:Three themes were: work alienation performance of nurses with master′s degree (negative emotional experience, passive behavioural performance), reasons for work alienation of nurses with master′s degree (low self-worth, estranged coworker relationships and ambiguous work plan), needs of professional development coping with work alienation (needs of scientific research work, needs of scientific promotion system and salary performance, needs of organizational recognition and training and learning).Conclusions:Nurses with master′s degrees experience work alienation. Managers are advised to focus on improve these nurses′ alienation performance, explore the reasons and meet their personal needs with nursing job degrees, which then may in turn improve their sense of self-worth, and assist in developing positive attitude towards nursing work and reducing work alienation.

10.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-908853

RESUMO

The undergraduate four-year medical laboratory technology major aims to cultivate advanced medical application-oriented talents. The realization of this purpose depends on the construction of an innovative practical teaching curriculum system. This article combines the four modules of basic practice, professional practice, vocational skill practice, and innovative practice to improve the problems existing in the traditional practice teaching system, and proposes a "3+1" three-dimensional practice teaching model in order to adapt to the rapid development of medical laboratory technology.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 48-52, 2021.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-884839

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the correlation between mild cognitive impairment(MCI)and abnormal glucose metabolism and thus to provide a basis for MCI prevention.Methods:A total of 1 074 elderly outpatients with normal cognitive function and without confirmed diabetes mellitus, hyperlipoidemia or gout were enrolled.During a five-year follow-up period, 121 subjects were diagnosed with MCI based on the mini mental state examination(MMSE)and the Montreal cognitive assessment(MoCA). Furthermore, annual blood glucose and glycated hemoglobin monitoring was carried out to examine the long-term effects of abnormal glucose metabolism on MCI risk.Results:According to cognitive function, 1 074 subjects were divided into the MCI group and the non-MCI group.Compared with the non-MCI group, the mean values of fasting blood glucose(FBG), glycosylated hemoglobin(HbA1c), triglycerides(TG)and total cholesterol(TC)in the MCI group were elevated( P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve showed that the cut-off value of FBG was 6.2 mmol/L for the hyperglycemia group(sensitivity: 84.1%, specificity: 90.9%, area under curve: 0.875, P<0.001)and 4.5mmol/L for the hypoglycemic group(sensitivity: 77.4%, specificity: 87.3%, area under curve: 0.823, P<0.001); the cut-off value of HbA1c was 5.5%(sensitivity: 76.0%, specificity: 87.0%, area under curve: 0.815, P<0.001). Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that increased risk of MCI was associated with the mean values of fasting blood glucose <4.5 mmol/L( RR: 1.69, 95% CI: 1.11-2.59)or ≥6.2 mmol/L( RR: 1.81, 95% CI: 1.15-2.86)and of glycosylated hemoglobin ≥ 5.5%( RR: 2.13, 95% CI: 1.51-2.99). Conclusions:Impaired fasting glucose tolerance and low fasting blood glucose are independent risk factors for MCI in the elderly.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1665-1670, 2021.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-882134

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE:To pr ovide reference for improving extended clinical trial system in China. METHODS :The implementation experience of the international extended clinical trial system was introduced from three aspects : system development,application scope and principles ,application and approval ;the evolution and challenges of the system in China were further analyzed ,and relative suggestions were put forward. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS :The development of international extended clinical trial system in the United States ,the United Kingdom ,Australia and the European Union had been relatively mature. The specific system had not formally been established in China ,and the implementation of the system faced many challenges,such as the ethical problems caused by drug use risk ,the sponsor dilemma caused by the difficult balance between the resistance of initiating application and the benefits ,the difficulty of review caused by the unknown responsible party of risk assessment and the urgent time of approval. It can be dealt with by the following measures :improving the existing laws and regulations,strengthen information disclosure and risk prevention work ,make clear the division of responsibilities in the process of system operation. Meanwhile ,based on the existing international model ,the management system of the expanded clinical trials in China is established. Corresponding application paths are set up for different application types such as “single patient emergency ”, “single patient non emergency ”and“two or more patients group ”,and all parties should be mobilized to supervise so as to promote the improvement and implementation of the extended clinical trial system.

13.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 515-518, 2021.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-876357

RESUMO

Objective@#To investigate the association between the combined effect of height growth and overweight/obesity with elevated blood pressure in Chinese children.@*Methods@#Based on a cohort study of puberty development in Xiamen, a cluster sampling method was used to select 1 313 children whose complete height, weight and blood pressure levels at baseline were obtained in 2017 and during a follow up in 2019. The incidence of elevated blood pressure was compared between four different subgroups, and multivariate Logistic regression was performed to analyze the combined effect in boys and girls.@*Results@#Among 1 313 children, the prevalence of elevated blood pressure at baseline was 25.2%. After 2 years of follow up, the incidence of elevated blood pressure was 19.7% and 23.4% in boys, and 16.6% in girls. After adjusting for factors including age, sex, family history of hypertension, sleep time, intake of fruits, vegetables, sugar sweetened beverages, and meat products, multivariate Logistic regression analyses showed that children in the high height growth and overweight/obesity group were more likely to exhibit a higher incidence of elevated blood pressure (overall:RR=2.41,95%CI=1.44-4.04;boys:RR=2.69,95%CI=1.45-5.02). Among girls, the risk of elevated blood pressure in the low height growth and overweight/obesity group also increased significantly (RR=4.47, 95%CI=1.45-13.75).@*Conclusion@#A large magnitude of height growth and being overweight/obesity were associated with elevated blood pressure in children, especially boys. Therefore, interventions that are targeted toward obesity prevention in children before pubertal growth spurts in height may be beneficial to reduce childhood high blood pressure.

14.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 427-430, 2020.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-867548

RESUMO

Objective:To investigate the effect of Suhuang Zhike Capsule on airway inflammation in patients with acute episode of allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome.Methods:Eighty patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma syndrome were admitted to North China University of Science and Technology Affiliated Hospital from June 2016 to September 2017.A prospective cohort study was carried out and randomly divided into treatment group and control group with 40 patients in each group.The control group was treated with conventional anti-inflammatory, expectorant and antiasthmatic therapy, while the treatment group was treated with Suhuang Zhike Capsule.The changes of nasal symptoms and asthma clinical symptoms in the two groups were compared before and after treatment, and the changes of nitric oxide in exhaled air, eosinophils in blood and induced sputum were measured.Results:Compared with the control group, there was no significant difference in the number of eosinophils in the exhaled nitric oxide, eosinophil count in blood and induced sputum before treatment in the treatment group ((161.45±4.67)×10 -9 vs.(163.12±4.56)×10 -9, (1.59±0.53)×10 9/L vs.(1.60±0.51)×10 9/L, (1.11±0.06)×10 9/L vs.(1.18±0.09)×10 9/L; t values were 0.10, 0.44, 1.75, respectively, all P>0.05). After treatment, the exhaled nitric oxide, eosinophil count in blood and induced sputum in the treatment group were significantly lower than those before treatment((30.86±5.54)×10 -9 vs. (161.45±4.67)×10 -9; (0.32±0.05)×10 9/L vs. (1.59±0.53)×10 9/L; (0.06±0.02)×10 9/L vs. (1.11±0.06)×10 9/L, t values were 91.32, 41.63, 51.77, respectively, all P<0.01). In the treatment group, the effective rate of nasal symptom control was 85.0% (34/40) significantly higher than 62.5% (25/40) in the control group (χ 2=5.23, P<0.05), and the effective rate of asthma clinical symptom control was significantly higher than that in the control group(90.0%(36/40), 72.5%(29/40), χ 2=4.02, P<0.05). Conclusion:Suhuang Zhike capsule can obviously improve the airway inflammatory response of patients with allergic rhinitis asthma syndrome in the acute attack stage, and the combination of conventional treatment plan is helpful to improve the curative effect.

15.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-864500

RESUMO

Objective:To test the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors (QLACS) in Chinese cancer Survivors.Methods:We translated the scale following the procedure of translation, integration and back translation. After modifying the scale and adapting it in Chinese culture, the reliability and validity of the QLACS scale was tested in a large sample of 222 cancer survivors.Results:The Chinese version of QLACS had 47 items with a total of twelve domains. Principal component analysis resulted in an 8-factor structure of the explaining 74.393% of the seven generic domains′ variance, and an 5-factor structure of the explaining 71.937% of the five cancer-specific domains′ variance. The item level content validity index (I-CVI) was 0.89-1.00, and the total content average content validity index (S-CVI/) was 0.93. The Cronbach′s α coefficient for the total QLACS score was 0.935, and 0.933 for generic domains, and 0.865 for cancer-specific domains.Conclusions:The Chinese version of QLACS appears to possess adequate validity, reliability and internal consistency. The newly translated Chinese version of QLACS may be used to assess the quality of cancer survivors in China.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 807-810, 2020.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-822491

RESUMO

Objective@#To explore the relationship between nutritional status and puberty onset in boys, and to provide a reference for promoting the development of physical and mental health of boys.@*Methods@#A total of 2 724 boys aged 7 to 12 years from grade 2 to 6 were recruited from Xiamen city by cluster sampling method in 2017. The nutritional status was assessed by physical examination, pubertal developmental status was evaluated by rating scales of Tanner and Prader orchidometer, and puberty timing was determined by the P25 age of puberty onset. The association between nutritional status and puberty onset was estimated by logistic regression model.@*Results@#Pubertal onset was found in 29.0% of the boys and the incidence of early pubertal timing was 2.9%. The prevalence of puberty onset in wasting, normal weight, overweight and obesity boys was 19.6%, 28.7%, 34.4% and 31.5%, respectively. The age of puberty onset was significantly earlier in obese boys (F=3.23, P<0.05). The results of Logistic regression analysis showed that with the increase of BMI, the possibility of puberty onset and risk of early pubertal timing increased. After adjusting for confounding factors, the odds of puberty onset in boys with wasting decreased by 64.0% (OR=0.36, 95%CI=0.22-0.60), the possibility of puberty onset and risk of early pubertal timing in boys with obesity increased by 78.3% (OR=1.78, 95%CI=1.14-2.79) and 192.9% (OR=2.93, 95%CI=1.46-5.86), respectively. These relationships were more pronounced in boys of households with lower economic level (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#BMI was positively correlated with puberty onset in boys, the odds of puberty onset and risk of early pubertal timing were significantly increased in obese boys, especially in those with low household economic level.

17.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-871808

RESUMO

Objective:To observe the correlation between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC).Methods:From October 2016 to December 2018, 50 cases of CSC patients (CSC group) and 50 healthy people (control group) matched by age and sex who were diagnosed in the ophthalmological examination of Xi’an No.3 Hospital were included in the study. According to the course of the disease, CSC was divided into acute phase and chronic phase, with 20 and 30 cases respectively. The average age ( Z=1.125) and body mass index (BMI) ( Z=0.937) of the two groups were compared, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05); the age of patients with different courses of CSC ( Z=1.525) and gender composition ratio ( χ2=0.397) and BMI ( Z=1.781) were compared, the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). The Berlin questionnaire was used to assess the OSAS risk of subjects in the CSC group and the control group; polysomnography was used to monitor the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and minimum blood oxygen saturation (MOS) during night sleep. OSAS diagnostic criteria: typical sleep snoring, daytime sleepiness, AHI (times/h) value ≥ 5. The severity of OSAS was classified as mild OSAS: 5≤AHI<15; moderate OSAS: 15≤AHI <30; severe OSAS: AHI≥30. Non-normally distributed measurement data were compared by rank sum test; count data were compared by χ2 test. Spearman correlation analysis was performed on the correlation between OSAS and CSC. Results:The AHI data in the CSC group and the control group were 17.46±3.18 and 15.72±4.48 times/h, respectively; the MOS were (83.48±4.68)% and (87.40±3.82)%, respectively; those diagnosed with OSAS were respectively 36 (72.00%, 36/50) and 13 (26.00%, 13/50) cases. AHI ( Z=0.312), MOS ( Z=0.145), and OSAS incidence ( χ2=21.17) were compared between the two groups of subjects, and the differences were statistically significant ( P=0.028, 0.001,<0.001). The AHI of acute and chronic CSC patients were 15.95±3.02 and 18.47±2.92 times/h; the MOS were (86.10±11.07)% and (81.73±4.58)%, respectively. There were statistically significant differences in AHI ( Z=0.134) and MOS ( Z=0.112) in patients with different course of disease ( P=0.005, 0.001). The results of Spearman correlation analysis showed that OSAS and CSC were positively correlated ( r=0.312, P=0.031). Conclusion:OSAS may be a risk factor for the onset of CSC.

18.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-870053

RESUMO

Objective:To determine the relationship between uric acid (UA) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and its potential effect on inflammation.Methods:450 patients with MCI diagnosed by neuropsychological scale and 450 controls with normal cognitive function were included. All subjects were≥60 years old. There were 184 obese subjects in MCI group and 199 obese subjects in control group.Results:A correlation between increased serum UA level and decreased risk of MCI was found in all MCI patients and non-obese MCI patients ( OR: 0.60, 95% CI 0.45-0.78; OR: 0.42, 95% CI 0.29-0.62), but not in obese MCI patients ( OR: 0.86, 95% CI: 0.54-1.35). The levels of UA and hypersensitive C reactive protein (hs-CRP) in obese patients with MCI were higher than those in non-obese patients ( P<0.01). There was a linear positive correlation between serum UA and hs-CRP levels in obese patients with MCI ( r=0.505, P<0.01), but not in non-obese MCI patients ( r=0.053, P=0.385). Conclusion:A significant correlation between lower serum uric acid levels and higher risk of MCI in non-obese subjects was found. Inflammation caused by obesity may weaken this relationship.

19.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1010-1013, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-797881

RESUMO

Objective@#To observe the species distribution, clinical features, efficacy and safety of anti-fungus therapy in advanced elderly patients with fungemia.@*Methods@#Clinical data of patients aged 70 years and over with fungemia admitted into geriatric intensive care unit (GICU) of our hospital from Nov. 2012 to Nov. 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The specie distribution, liver toxicity, differences in biochemical liver and renal functions before and after 28 days of treatment between the caspofungin group and the azole group (fluconazole plus voriconazole), and 28-d survival rate and its risk factors for death were analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 72 patients were enrolled, with a median age of 85.5 years (83, 90), a median score of Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Enquiry (APACHE-Ⅱ) of 25.5 (20.3, 31.5), a median score of Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) 7 (4.0, 9.8). There were 33 patients (45.8%) with diabetes, 2 patients (2.8%) with hematological diseases, 44 patients (61.1%) with solid tumors and 18 patients (25.0%) with renal insufficiency. Thirty patients (41.7%) needed mechanical ventilation. The detection rate of Candida parapsilosis was 73.6% (53 cases), Candida famata 9.7% (7 cases), Candida tropicalis 5.6% (4 cases), Candida albicans 2.8% (2 cases), Candida glabrata 2.8% (2 cases) and others 5.6% (4 cases). The incidence rate of total liver toxicity was 23.6% after anti-fungus treatment. After 28 days of treatment, 29 patients survived in the caspofungin group (n=42) and 16 patients survived in the azole group (n=30). There were no significant differences in liver and renal function between the two groups before and after treatment. Logistic regression analysis showed that solid tumors (OR: 19.904, 95%CI: 1.944-203.808) and the median APACHE Ⅱ score were the independent risk factors for 28-day death in advanced patients with fungemia.@*Conclusions@#Fungemia is becoming more and more prominent in the GICU, which requires clinician’s constant attention in order to provide more basis for the treatment of fungemia in elderly patients.

20.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1449-1452, 2019.
Artigo em Chinês | WPRIM (Pacífico Ocidental) | ID: wpr-816904

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To provide reference for the thought and operation of the law to protect the tacit technology secrets of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). METHODS: Through the analysis of the composition, categories and legal attributes of tacit technology secrets of TCM, legal protection methods were sought from the legal perspective. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS: In the field of TCM, tacit knowledge, represented by the TCM processing, TCM diagnosis and treatment, is mostly inherited and studied in the form of technology secrets. The tacit technology secrets of TCM have the characteristics of personality dependence and inheritance, the protection of them by law can not be achieved directly through the field of intellectual property rights, but through the protection of the interests of the inheritors. Public law and private law are indispensable to the protection of tacit technology secrets of TCM. Public law should focus on improving the mechanism of technological inheritance and protecting the rights and interests of TCM inheritors. Private law should overcome the risk of infringement by signing contracts and transforming tacit knowledge of TCM.

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