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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(2): 433-439, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34269220

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate protein expression by antagonizing the translation of mRNAs and are effective regulators of normal nervous system development, function, and disease. MicroRNA-29b (miR-29b) plays a broad and critical role in brain homeostasis. In this study, we tested the function of miR-29b in animal and cell models by inhibiting miR-29b expression. Mouse models of middle cerebral artery occlusion were established using the modified Zea-Longa suture method. Prior to modeling, 50 nmol/kg miR-29b antagomir was injected via the tail vein. MiR-29b expression was found to be abnormally increased in ischemic brain tissue. The inhibition of miR-29b expression decreased the neurological function score and reduced the cerebral infarction volume and cell apoptosis. In addition, the inhibition of miR-29b significantly decreased the malondialdehyde level, increased superoxide dismutase activity, and Bcl-2 expression, and inhibited Bax and Caspase3 expression. PC12 cells were treated with glutamate for 12 hours to establish in vitro cell models of ischemic stroke and then treated with the miR-29 antagomir for 48 hours. The results revealed that miR-29b inhibition in PC12 cells increased Bcl-2 expression and inhibited cell apoptosis and oxidative damage. These findings suggest that the inhibition of miR-29b inhibits oxidative stress and cell apoptosis in ischemic stroke, producing therapeutic effects in ischemic stroke. This study was approved by the Laboratory Animal Care and Use Committee of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University (approval No. 201709276S) on September 27, 2017.

2.
Phytochemistry ; 193: 112987, 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34768188

RESUMO

Picrasma quassioides, a member of the Simaroubaceae family, is the subject of research in numerous pharmacological and chemical studies. This plant mainly contains alkaloids, quassinoids and terpenoids. These molecules exhibit various pharmacological benefits, such as anti-inflammatory, anticancer, and anti-viral effects, on the cardiovascular system. Alkaloids make up the majority of these molecules. This review describes 127 alkaloid substances from P. quassioides. These alkaloids can be divided into the following classes: ß-carbolines, canthinones and alkaloid dimers. A compilation of their nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy data and possible biosynthetic pathways of these compounds and the pharmacological effects of P. quassioides are also included.

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(19): 5027-5037, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738398

RESUMO

To obtain the chemical profile of Tibetan medicinal plant ″Bangga″, the present study established the HPLC fingerprint of ″Bangga″ and inferred common chemical constituents of its two original plants, Aconitum tanguticum and A. naviculare by LC-MS. The HPLC analysis was performed on a Kromasil 100 C_8 column(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 µm) with acetonitrile(A)-0.1% formic acid in water(B) as mobile phase in a gradient elution mode. Besides, the flow rate was set at 1 mL·min~(-1) and the column temperature was 35 ℃. The detection wavelength was set at 255 nm and the injection volume was 10 µL. Seventeen batches of ″Bangga″ samples were analyzed and the HPLC fingerprint was established under the above conditions. Similarity evaluation was performed using Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of Traditional Chinese Medicine(2012). As a result, 16 common peaks were selec-ted and the similarity values of 17 batches of ″Bangga″ were in the range of 0.702-0.966. Furthermore, one batch of A. tanguticum and one batch of A. naviculare were analyzed by LC-MS/MS and 74 common compounds were inferred, including 10 phenolic acids, 26 flavonoids, and 38 alkaloids. The established method, with good separation and strong specificity, is simple and feasible, and can be used for the quality control of ″Bangga″ and identification of its two original plants. A. tanguticum and A. naviculare are similar in chemical composition and component content, but are quite different in the content of flavonoids.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Plantas Medicinais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Tibet
4.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2103041, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738729

RESUMO

Although purely organic room-temperature phosphorescence (RTP) has drawn widespread attention in recent years, regulatable phosphorescence resonance energy transfer (PRET) supramolecular switch is still rare. Herein, single molecular dual-fold supramolecular light switches, which are constructed by phenylpyridinium salts modified diarylethene derivatives (DTE-Cn, n = 3, 5) and cucurbit[8]uril (CB[8]) are reported. Significantly, biaxial [3]pseudorotaxane displayed efficiently reversible RTP after binding with CB[8] and the phosphorescence quenching efficiency is calculated up to be 99%. Furthermore, the binary supramolecular assembly can coassemble with Cy5 to form ternary supramolecular assembly showing efficiently PRET, which is successfully applied in switchable near infrared (NIR) mitochondria-targeted cell imaging and photocontrolled data encryption. This supramolecular strategy involving energy transfer provides a convenient approach for phosphorescent application in biology and material fields.

5.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 720906, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744714

RESUMO

Purpose: Studies involving mouse models and human uterine smooth muscle cells have shown that phenylephrine inhibits uterine contractions in non-pregnant mice and human in vitro cell via cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) signaling. However, there has been no limited exploration to date of the effect of phenylephrine on uterine contractions in clinical practice. This study aimed to compare the dose requirement of oxytocin with or without the infusion of prophylactic phenylephrine to prevent post spinal hypotension during cesarean delivery under combined spinal and epidural anesthesia. Methods: This was a double-blinded, single-center, randomized, control study. One hundred and sixty pregnant patients provided informed consent and were randomly allocated to the phenylephrine (phenylephrine infusion) and control (saline infusion) groups. Patients randomized to the phenylephrine group received an intravenous prophylactic phenylephrine infusion at a fixed rate of 0.5 µg/kg/min. The control group received a saline placebo at the same rate and used the same apparatus for delivery. After neonatal delivery and clamping of the umbilical cord, patients received a standard institutional oxytocin protocol. The primary outcome measure was the total dose of oxytocin administered during CD. Secondary outcomes including the proportion (%) of patients requiring a secondary uterotonic agent and estimated blood loss (EBL) in the first 24 h after surgery. Results: The median oxytocin dose administered was significantly higher in the phenylephrine group than in the control group [6.9 ± 2.5 international standardized units (IU) vs. 5.4 ± 2.4 IU, p = 0.0004]. The number of patients that required a secondary uterotonic agent was significantly higher in the phenylephrine group than in the control group (24.2% vs. 9.1%; p = 0.034). The EBL in the first 24-h postoperatively was similar between the two groups (467 ± 47 ml vs. 392 ± 38 ml; p = 0.22). Conclusions: Prophylactic infusion of phenylephrine used to prevent post-spinal hypotension during CD was associated with a higher dose of oxytocin. This has important clinical implications, as the suboptimal use of oxytocin is associated with an increased risk of postpartum hemorrhage and increased maternal morbidity and mortality. Further studies are now needed to confirm these findings.

6.
Mol Med ; 27(1): 148, 2021 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34781898

RESUMO

Imatinib (IM), targeting of BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase, is currently one of the first-line choices in the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). This study aims to explore the molecular mechanisms underlying IM resistance in CML treatment. 108 CML patients were recruited and grouped according to their sensitivity to IM as the responder group (N = 66) and the non-responder group (N = 42). Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was performed to evaluate the expression of candidate circular RNAs (circRNAs), microRNA (miRNAs) and messenger RNA (mRNAs). No significant difference was noted regarding demographic and clinicopathological characteristics between the responder group and the non-responder group. The expression of circ_0080145, circ_0051886 and ABL1 mRNA was significantly increased, while the expression of miR-203 and miR-637 was decreased in the non-responder group as compared with the responders. By using in-silicon analysis, it was predicted that circ_0080145 and circ_0051886 targeted miR-203 and miR-637 respectively, and ABL1 was found to be shared direct target gene of miR-203 and miR-637. Ectopic over-expression of circ_0080145 and circ_0051886 respectively reduced the expression of miR-203 and miR-637. The expression of ABL1 mRNA/protein was most upregulated in culture cells co-transfected with circ_0080145 and circ_0051886 as compared with those cells individually transfected. This study established the signaling pathways of circ_0080145/miR-203/ABL1 and circ 0051886/miR-637/ABL1. The deregulation of circ_0080145 and circ_0051886 is, at least partially, responsible for the development of IM chemoresistance in CML by regulating expression of ABL1 via modulating expression of miR-203 and miR-637.

7.
Pak J Pharm Sci ; 34(3): 909-914, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602413

RESUMO

N-Methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)-induced antioxidation is a significant cause of neuronal injury after ischemic stroke. In a previous work, we verified the neuroprotective roles of geniposide during tMCAO in vivo. However, it remains unknown whether geniposide ameliorates injury to hippocampal neurons during Ischemic Long Term Potentiation (iLTP) induction in vitro. After induction of cells oxygen-glucose deprivation or hydrogen peroxide, the protection of geniposide evaluated by MTT assay and electrophysiological tests. In this study, we suggested neuronal cell apoptosis was attenuated by geniposide. Furthermore, field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSCs) following postischemic LTP were assessed by electrophysiological tests. Finally, we determined that medium and high doses of geniposide attenuated oxidative stress insult and improved iLTP. Importantly, these effects were abolished by cotreatment with geniposide and the GluN2A antagonist NVP. In contrast, the GluN2B inhibitor ifenprodil failed to have an effect. In conclusion, we suggest for the first time that treatment with geniposide can attenuate postischemic LTP induction in a concentration-dependent manner. We infer that GluN2A-containing NMDARs are involved in the neuroprotection induced by geniposide treatment in ischemia.

8.
Genes (Basel) ; 12(10)2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34680988

RESUMO

The EXO70 gene is a vital component of the exocytosis complex and participates in biological processes ranging from plant cell division to polar growth. There are many EXO70 genes in plants and their functions are extensive, but little is known about the EXO70 gene family in cotton. Here, we analyzed four cotton sequence databases, identified 165 EXO70 genes, and divided them into eight subgroups (EXO70A-EXO70H) based on their phylogenetic relationships. EXO70A had the most exons (≥11), whereas the other seven each had only one or two exons. Hence, EXO70A may have many important functions. The 84 EXO70 genes in Asian and upland cotton were expressed in the roots, stems, leaves, flowers, fibers, and/or ovules. Full-length GhEXO70A1-A cDNA was homologously cloned from upland cotton (Gossypium hirsutum, G. hirsutum). Subcellular analysis revealed that GhEXO70A1-A protein was localized to the plasma membrane. A yeast two-hybrid assay revealed that GhEXO70A1-A interacted with GhEXO84A, GhEXO84B, and GhEXO84C. GhEXO70A1-A silencing significantly altered over 4000 genes and changed several signaling pathways related to metabolism. Thus, the EXO70 gene plays critical roles in the physiological functions of cotton.

9.
Curr Zool ; 67(4): 371-382, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34671704

RESUMO

Pheromonal communication plays a key role in the sociosexual behavior of rodents. The coadaptation between pheromones and chemosensory systems has been well illustrated in insects but poorly investigated in rodents and other mammals. We aimed to investigate whether coadaptation between male pheromones and female reception might have occurred in brown rats Rattus norvegicus. We recently reported that major urinary protein (MUP) pheromones are associated with male mating success in a brown rat subspecies, R. n. humiliatus (Rnh). Here, we discovered that MUPs were less polymorphic and occurred at much lower concentrations in males of a parapatric subspecies, R. n. caraco (Rnc), than in Rnh males, and found no association between pheromones and paternity success. Moreover, the observation of Rnc males that experienced chronic dyadic encounters and established dominance-submission relationships revealed that the dominant males achieved greater mating success than the subordinate males, but their MUP levels did not differ by social status. These findings suggest that male mating success in Rnc rats is related to social rank rather than to pheromone levels and that low concentration of MUPs might not be a reliable signal for mate choice in Rnc rats, which is different from the findings obtained in Rnh rats. In addition, compared with Rnh females, Rnc females exhibited reduced expression of pheromone receptor genes, and a lower number of vomeronasal receptor neurons were activated by MUP pheromones, which imply that the female chemosensory reception of pheromones might be structurally and functionally coadapted with male pheromone signals in brown rats.

10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(18): 4774-4781, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581088

RESUMO

Indolealkylamines(IAAs) are the main hydrophilic substances in toad skin, mainly including free N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine, dehydrobufotenine, and binding bufothionine. In this study, the LPS-activated neutrophils were used to investigate the structure-activity relationship and anti-inflammatory mechanism of the above-mentioned five monomers from the toad skin in vitro. The neutrophils were divided into the control group, model group(1 µg·mL~(-1) LPS), positive drug group(100 µg·mL~(-1) indometacin), as well as the low-(50 µg·mL~(-1)), medium-(100 µg·mL~(-1)) and high-dose(200 µg·mL~(-1)) free N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine, dehydrobufotenine, and binding bufothionine groups. The levels of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1ß in the neutrophil supernatant of each group was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) after LPS stimulation, followed by the detection of apoptosis in each group after Annexin V/PI staining. The protein expression levels of caspase-3, Bax, Bcl-2, beclin1, LC3-I, and LC3-Ⅱ were assayed by Western blot. The results showed that IAAs reduced the excessive secretion of inflammatory cytokines caused by LPS compared with the model group. Besides, the activity of each free IAAs(N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine and dehydrobufotenine), especially bufotenine, was stronger than that of the binding bufothionine. As revealed by Annexin V/PI staining, LPS delayed the early apoptosis of neutrophils compared with the control group, while bufotenine promoted the apoptosis of neutrophils in a dose-dependent manner, which might be related to the elevated expression of apoptosis-related protein Bax/Bcl-2. In addition, LPS activated the autophagy pathways in neutrophils. This study confirmed the efficacy of IAAs in reducing the secretion of inflammatory cytokines in neutrophils induced by LPS for the first time. For instance, bufotenine exerts the anti-inflammatory effect possibly by inducing the apoptosis of neutrophils.


Assuntos
Lipopolissacarídeos , Neutrófilos , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Apoptose , Bufonidae , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Pele
12.
Toxicol Lett ; 351: 145-154, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34509610

RESUMO

Fe3O4 nanoparticles are widely used in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases due to their superparamagnetism, but their toxicity in vivo, which can result in apoptosis or autophagy, cannot be ignored. It has been reported that polydopamine (PDA) modification can reduce the toxicity of Fe3O4 and increase its biocompatibility. However, more research is warranted to further improve the modification method. We therefore developed a new method to coat Fe3O4@PDA nanoparticles with the mesenchymal stem cell membrane (MSCM) and evaluated the toxicity of the modified particles in the lungs of mice. We found that the MSCM modification significantly reduced lung injury induced by Fe3O4 particles in mice. Compared with Fe3O4@PDA nanoparticles, co-modification with MSCM and PDA significantly reduced autophagy and apoptosis in mouse lung tissue, and reduced activation of autophagy mediated by the AMPK-ULK1 pathway axis. Thus, co-modification with MSCM and PDA prevents Fe3O4-induced pulmonary toxicity in mice by inhibiting autophagy, apoptosis, and oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Adenilato Quinase/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Férricos/toxicidade , Indóis/farmacologia , Pneumopatias/induzido quimicamente , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Polímeros/farmacologia , Adenilato Quinase/genética , Animais , Proteína Homóloga à Proteína-1 Relacionada à Autofagia/genética , Proteína Homóloga à Proteína-1 Relacionada à Autofagia/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
14.
Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes ; 14: 3541-3553, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393494

RESUMO

Objective: A simple type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) screening model was established preciously based on easily available variables for identifying high-risk individuals in western Xinjiang, China. Methods: A total of 458,153 cases participating in the national health examination were recruited. Logistic regression and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) models were used for univariate analysis, factors selection, and the establishment of prediction model. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, Hosmer-Lemeshow test and clinical decision curve (CDA) were applied for evaluating the discrimination, calibration and clinical validity, respectively. The optimal threshold for predicting risk factors for T2DM has been estimated as well. Results: The nomogram depicted the risk of T2DM based on different genders, the factors mainly consisted of age, family history of T2DM (FHOT), waist circumference (WC), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc), body mass index (BMI), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc), etc. The area under ROC of men and women was 0.864 and 0.816 in the development group, similarly in the validation group, which was 0.865 and 0.815, respectively. The calibration curve showed that the nomogram was accurate for predicting the risk of T2DM, and the CDA proved great clinical application value of the nomogram. Threshold values of the age, WC, TC, TG, HDLc, BMI in different genders were 52.5 years old (men) and 48.5 years old (women), 85.50 cm (men) and 89.9 cm (women), 4.94 mmol/L (men) and 4.94mmol/L (women), 1.26mmol/L (men) and 1.67mmol/L (women), 1.40mmol/L (men) and 1.40mmol/L (women), 24.70kg/m2 (men) and 24.95kg/m2 (women), respectively. Conclusion: Our results give a clue that the nomogram may be useful for identifying adults who have high risk for diabetes, which is simple, affordable, with high credibility and can be widely implemented. Further studies are needed to evaluate the utility and feasibility of this model in various settings.

15.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 16(1): 354, 2021 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362412

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteomyelitis variolosa is a self-limiting disease triggered by variola virus that cannot be prevented or repaired. Smallpox has been eradicated for 40 years, and complications that remain after smallpox has been cured have become a remarkable diagnostic challenge for contemporary physicians. In this systematic review, we searched PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science, and Google Scholar for cases on complications, diagnosis, and treatment for osteomyelitis variolosa between January 1980 and February 2021. RESULTS: Ten papers and eleven finished cases, all patients from India, were included for comparison with the present case. In total, 100% of patients presented with bilateral elbow deformities, the ankle was the second most common site of lesion in 50%, and knee lesions accounted for 25% in this study. Flexion contracture, joint instability, secondary arthritis, and fracture are common complications of osteomyelitis variolosa, and most patients receive conservative treatment, while internal fixation has good results for combined fractures. CONCLUSIONS: Although osteomyelitis variolosa is not a direct threat to the safety of patients, severe skeletal deformities can have a significant impact on quality of life. With advances in surgical techniques, clinicians are offering an increasing number of treatment options for patients with osteomyelitis variolosa. However, most importantly, smallpox has basically been removed from the historical arena, and for areas where smallpox was once endemic, physicians need to deepen the understanding of this disease again.


Assuntos
Instabilidade Articular , Osteomielite , Varíola , Vírus da Varíola , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
17.
J Craniofac Surg ; 32(5): 1765-1769, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34319680

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of navigation-guided sinus endoscopy to remove the cavernous vascular malformation of the orbital apex through the sphenoid approach. METHODS: A retrospective series of non-control cases were collected. From May 2012 to December 2019, patients with imaging findings of cavernous venous malformation in the orbital apex were collected at the Eye Hospital Affiliated to Nanchang University. All patients underwent navigation guided sinusoscopy through the sphenoid approach to remove the cavernous venous malformation of the orbital apex. Analyze the changes of visual function and postoperative complications before and after operation. RESULTS: Twelve patients were collected, including 3 males and 9 females aged between 32 and 59. In 3 patients without visual impairment, the postoperative visual function was still normal. The remaining 9 patients all had visual impairment. Among them, 3 patients had fully recovered normal visual function after operation, 2 patients had improved visual function compared with preoperative, and 4 patients had no change in postoperative visual acuity. There were no complications in 3 of the 12 patients, and 9 patients had transient limited intraocular rotation with mild limitation of diplopia after operation, and all returned to normal within 1 month after surgery. CONCLUSION: Navigation-guided sinus endoscopy through the sphenoid approach to remove the cavernous venous malformation of the orbital apex is an effective and feasible surgical method.


Assuntos
Osso Esfenoide , Malformações Vasculares , Adulto , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nariz , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 247, 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210954

RESUMO

Inflammasomes are protein complexes of the innate immune system that initiate inflammation in response to either exogenous pathogens or endogenous danger signals. Inflammasome multiprotein complexes are composed of three parts: a sensor protein, an adaptor, and pro-caspase-1. Activation of the inflammasome leads to the activation of caspase-1, which cleaves pro-inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1ß and IL-18, leading to pyroptosis. Effectors of the inflammasome not only provide protection against infectious pathogens, but also mediate control over sterile insults. Aberrant inflammasome signaling has been implicated in the development of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, cancer, and neurodegenerative disorders. Here, we review the role of the inflammasome as a double-edged sword in various diseases, and the outcomes can be either good or bad depending on the disease, as well as the genetic background. We highlight inflammasome memory and the two-shot activation process. We also propose the M- and N-type inflammation model, and discuss how the inflammasome pathway may be targeted for the development of novel therapy.

19.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34204150

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to develop mixed polymeric micelles with high drug loading capacity to improve the oral bioavailability of icaritin with Soluplus® and Poloxamer 407 using a creative acid-base shift (ABS) method, which exhibits the advantages of exclusion of organic solvents, high drug loading and ease of scaling-up. The feasibility of the ABS method was successfully demonstrated by studies of icaritin-loaded polymeric micelles (IPMs). The prepared IPMs were characterized to have a spherical shape with a size of 72.74 ± 0.51 nm, and 13.18% drug loading content. In vitro release tests confirmed the faster release of icaritin from IPMs compared to an oil suspension. Furthermore, bioavailability of icaritin in IPMs in beagle dogs displayed a 14.9-fold increase when compared with the oil suspension. Transcellular transport studies of IPMs across Caco-2 cell monolayers confirmed that the IPMs were endocytosed in their intact forms through macropinocytosis, clathrin-, and caveolae-mediated pathways. In conclusion, the results suggested that the mixed micelles of Soluplus® and Poloxamer 407 could be a feasible drug delivery system to enhance oral bioavailability of icaritin, and the ABS method might be a promising technology for the preparation of polymeric micelles to encapsulate poorly water-soluble weakly acidic and alkaline drugs.


Assuntos
Flavonoides/administração & dosagem , Poloxâmero/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Polivinil/química , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Oral , Animais , Disponibilidade Biológica , Células CACO-2 , Cavéolas/metabolismo , Clatrina/metabolismo , Cães , Estudos de Viabilidade , Flavonoides/síntese química , Flavonoides/farmacocinética , Humanos , Masculino , Micelas , Nanopartículas , Tamanho da Partícula
20.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 630198, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34276357

RESUMO

Rubus chingii var. suavissimus (S. K. Lee) L. T. Lu (RS)-a sweet plant also known as Tiancha distributed in the south of China where it is used as a beverage-recently gained extensive attention as adjuvant therapy of diabetes and hypertension. Although pharmacological studies indicate that RS has beneficial effects in regulating lipid metabolism disorder characteristics, the active chemicals responsible for this effect remains unclear. The present study aims to predict the effective substances of RS on regulating lipid metabolism disorder through the analysis of the chemical profile of RS, the absorbed prototype components in rat plasma, and network pharmacology. Also, a UPLC method able to quantify the screened potential effective chemicals of RS products was established. First, a total of 69 components-including diterpene, triterpenoids, flavonoids, polyphenols, and lignans-were systematically characterized in RS. Of those, 50 compounds were detected in the plasma of rats administered with RS extract. Through network pharmacology, 9 potential effective components, 71 target genes, and 20 pathways were predicted to be involved in RS-mediated regulation of lipid metabolism disorder. The quantitative analysis suggested that the contents of potential effective components varied among samples from different marketplaces. In conclusion, the presented results provide a chemical basis for further research of Rubus chingii var. suavissimus.

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