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2.
Korean J Radiol ; 22(12): 1996-2005, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34668351

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) features of fumarate hydratase-deficient renal cell carcinoma (FH-deficient RCC) with germline or somatic mutations, and compare them with those of papillary type II RCC (pRCC type II). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 patients (mean ± standard deviation, 40.4 ± 14.7 years) with pathologically confirmed FH-deficient RCC (15 with germline and 9 with somatic mutations) and 54 patients (58.6 ± 12.6 years) with pRCC type II were enrolled. The MDCT features were retrospectively reviewed and compared between the two entities and mutation subgroups, and were correlated with the clinicopathological findings. RESULTS: All the lesions were unilateral and single. Compared with pRCC type II, FH-deficient RCC was more prevalent among younger patients (40.4 ± 14.7 vs. 58.6 ± 12.6, p < 0.001) and tended to be larger (8.1 ± 4.1 vs. 5.4 ± 3.2, p = 0.002). Cystic solid patterns were more common in FH-deficient RCC (20/24 vs. 16/54, p < 0.001), with 16 of the 20 (80.0%) cystic solid tumors having showed typical polycystic and thin smooth walls and/or septa, with an eccentric solid component. Lymph node (16/24 vs. 16/54, p = 0.003) and distant (11/24 vs. 3/54, p < 0.001) metastases were more frequent in FH-deficient RCC. FH-deficient RCC and pRCC type II showed similar attenuation in the unenhanced phase. The attenuation in the corticomedullary phase (CMP) (76.3% ± 25.0% vs. 60.2 ± 23.6, p = 0.008) and nephrographic phase (NP) (87.7 ± 20.5, vs. 71.2 ± 23.9, p = 0.004), absolute enhancement in CMP (39.0 ± 24.8 vs. 27.1 ± 22.7, p = 0.001) and NP (50.5 ± 20.5 vs. 38.2 ± 21.9, p = 0.001), and relative enhancement ratio to the renal cortex in CMP (0.35 ± 0.26 vs. 0.24 ± 0.19, p = 0.001) and NP (0.43 ± 0.24 vs. 0.29 ± 0.19, p < 0.001) were significantly higher in FH-deficient RCC. No significant difference was found between the FH germline and somatic mutation subgroups in any of the parameters. CONCLUSION: The MDCT features of FH-deficient RCC were different from those of pRCC type II, whereas there was no statistical difference between the germline and somatic mutation subgroups. A kidney mass with a cystic solid pattern and metastatic tendency, especially in young patients, should be considered for FH-deficient RCC.

3.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(5): 582-590, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636208

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A study was conducted to investigate the clinical effects of oral digital design on the aesthetic restoration of anterior teeth of cleft lip/palate patients. METHODS: Nine adult cleft lip/palate patients who need aesthetic restoration of anterior teeth were recruited. Digital information of patients' dental arches, the surrounding soft tissue and face were captured by digital camera and scanner. The aesthetic analysis and design were conducted using keynote and 3shape software and were demonstrated to the patients. The optimized treatment plan was ensured by communicating with the patients. Digital wax-up models were exported and printed into resin diagnostic models, which were then utilized in the treatment process to guide the doctors and the technicians in tooth preparation and in making the final restorations, respectively. The adhesive procedure was completed after satisfactory try-in. Aesthetics assessment was conducted in accordance with the anterior esthetic evaluation form. The scores of patient's satisfaction were recorded on a questionnaire containing six items of aesthetic index and doctor-patient communication. Patients were interviewed and examined after 1, 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively, and the clinical effects of restorations were evaluated. RESULTS: All nine patients had satisfactory clinical results. The aesthetic defects of the patients were effectively addressed. All treatments met the requirements of the preoperative digital designs. The patients' scores were all above 90 on the satisfaction scale. At 12 months after the operation, the clinical effects of restorations of all cases achieved A class in each evaluation indicator. CONCLUSIONS: For cleft lip/palate patients with esthetic defect in the anterior teeth, the digital design plays an important role in optimizing the treatment plan and guides the whole treatment process. This design can help clinicians achieve predictable satisfactory aesthetic results.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial , Fissura Palatina , Dente , Adulto , Estética , Humanos
4.
Front Vet Sci ; 8: 719927, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660762

RESUMO

Inulin as a commercial prebiotic could selectively promote the growth of beneficial gut microbes such as lactic acid bacteria (LAB). Whether LAB in rabbit gut possesses the capability to metabolize and utilize inulin is little known. Therefore, this study recovered 94 LAB strains from neonate rabbits and found that only 29% (28/94) could metabolize inulin with both species- and strain-specificity. The most vigorous inulin-degrading strain, Lacticaseibacillus paracasei YT170, could efficiently utilize both short-chain and long-chain components through thin-layer chromatography analysis. From genomic analysis, a predicted fosRABCDXE operon encoding putative cell wall-anchored fructan ß-fructosidase, five fructose-transporting proteins and a pts1BCA operon encoding putative ß-fructofuranosidase and sucrose-specific IIBCA components were linked to long-chain and short-chain inulin utilization respectively. This study provides a mechanistic rationale for effect of inulin administration on rabbits and lays a foundation for synbiotic applications aimed at modulating the intestinal microbiota of young rabbits.

5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5262, 2021 09 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34489456

RESUMO

TFE3-translocation renal cell carcinoma (TFE3-tRCC) is a rare and heterogeneous subtype of kidney cancer with no standard treatment for advanced disease. We describe comprehensive molecular characteristics of 63 untreated primary TFE3-tRCCs based on whole-exome and RNA sequencing. TFE3-tRCC is highly heterogeneous, both clinicopathologically and genotypically. ASPSCR1-TFE3 fusion and several somatic copy number alterations, including the loss of 22q, are associated with aggressive features and poor outcomes. Apart from tumors with MED15-TFE3 fusion, most TFE3-tRCCs exhibit low PD-L1 expression and low T-cell infiltration. Unsupervised transcriptomic analysis reveals five molecular clusters with distinct angiogenesis, stroma, proliferation and KRAS down signatures, which show association with fusion patterns and prognosis. In line with the aggressive nature, the high angiogenesis/stroma/proliferation cluster exclusively consists of tumors with ASPSCR1-TFE3 fusion. Here, we describe the genomic and transcriptomic features of TFE3-tRCC and provide insights into precision medicine for this disease.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fusão Gênica , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prognóstico , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Microambiente Tumoral/genética , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Int Med Res ; 49(9): 3000605211042503, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34515575

RESUMO

The effects of increasing blood flow on the pathogenic wall shear stress (pWSS) of subclavian arteries (SAs) are currently unclear. Patient-specific models of the SA were constructed based on computed tomographic images from two patients. Using the Ansys Fluent 19.0 transient laminar flow solver, the finite volume method was chosen to solve the Navier-Stokes equation governing fluid behavior. The time-averaged wall shear stress, ratio of risk area, cumulative ratio of risk area (P¯), ratio of risk time, and ratio contour of risk time were calculated to describe the temporal and spatial distributions of pWSS. Virtually all pWSS occurred during the diastolic phase. The P¯ was 2.3 and 1.29 times higher on the left than on the right in Patients 1 (P1) and 2 (P2), respectively. Increasing the blood flow volume of the left SA by 20%, 40%, and 60% led to a 9.27%, 15.10%, and 20.99% decrease in P¯ for P1 and a 5.74%, 11.55%, and 17.14% decrease in P¯ for P2, respectively, compared with baseline values. In conclusion, the left SA showed greater diastolic pWSS than the right SA, and increasing the blood flow volume reduced the pWSS in the left SA.


Assuntos
Modelos Cardiovasculares , Artéria Subclávia , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Simulação por Computador , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Estresse Mecânico , Artéria Subclávia/diagnóstico por imagem
7.
Aging Clin Exp Res ; 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449061

RESUMO

Hypertonic dextrose prolotherapy (HDP) is an injection of a concentrated dextrose solution for the purpose of local treatment of musculoskeletal pain and possible enhancement of repair mechanisms. This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the clinical utility of HDP injection for treatment of knee osteoarthritis (OA). Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) utilizing HDP to treat knee OA were retrieved from MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library (CENTRAL). Identification and inclusion of RCTs utilizing intra-articular and extra-articular administration of HDP vs administration of other injectate or physical therapy as control for knee OA were included. Primary clinical outcomes were changes in knee WOMAC, pain and function score. Secondary outcomes were adverse events related to HDP. For continuous outcomes with same or different measurements, we calculated, respectively the weighted mean difference (WMD) or the standardized mean difference (SMD), respectively. Results were pooled using DerSimonian and Laird random effect models across the included studies and heterogeneity between studies was estimated using the I2 index. Five studies comprising a total of 319 treated patients met inclusion criteria and were included in the final analysis. At a mean of 22.8 weeks follow-up, HDP treatment significantly improved total WOMAC score (WMD = 13.77, 95% CI: 6.75-20.78; p < 0.001; I2 = 90%), pain (SMD = 1.33, 95% CI: 0.49-2.17; p < 0.001; I2 = 91%) and knee function (SMD = 1.30, 95% CI: 0.45-2.14; p < 0.001; I2 = 91%) compared with control group. There were no severe adverse events related to dextrose injection reported in all the included studies. HDP is a promising treatment for knee OA with a reasonable safety profile. Further research in mechanism of HDP activity and long-term follow-up study will be needed for exploring this novel therapy modality.

8.
Cancer Sci ; 112(10): 4234-4245, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382727

RESUMO

Development of acquired resistance to lapatinib, a dual epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) tyrosine kinase inhibitor, severely limits the duration of clinical response in advanced HER2-driven breast cancer patients. Although the compensatory activation of the PI3K/Akt survival signal has been proposed to cause acquired lapatinib resistance, comprehensive molecular mechanisms remain required to develop more efficient strategies to circumvent this therapeutic difficulty. In this study, we found that suppression of HER2 by lapatinib still led to Akt inactivation and elevation of FOX3a protein levels, but failed to induce the expression of their downstream pro-apoptotic effector p27kip1 , a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor. Elevation of miR-221 was found to contribute to the development of acquired lapatinib resistance by targeting p27kip1 expression. Furthermore, upregulation of miR-221 was mediated by the lapatinib-induced Src family tyrosine kinase and subsequent NF-κB activation. The reversal of miR-221 upregulation and p27kip1 downregulation by a Src inhibitor, dasatinib, can overcome lapatinib resistance. Our study not only identified miRNA-221 as a pivotal factor conferring the acquired resistance of HER2-positive breast cancer cells to lapatinib through negatively regulating p27kip1 expression, but also suggested Src inhibition as a potential strategy to overcome lapatinib resistance.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p27/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/fisiologia , Lapatinib/farmacologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Receptor ErbB-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/química , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p27/efeitos dos fármacos , Dasatinibe/farmacologia , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Proteína Forkhead Box O3/metabolismo , Fator 3-gama Nuclear de Hepatócito/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , MicroRNAs/efeitos dos fármacos , Análise em Microsséries , Subunidade p50 de NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinases da Família src/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinases da Família src/metabolismo
9.
Radiat Res ; 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399425

RESUMO

The biological effects and regulatory mechanisms of low-dose and low-dose-rate radiation are still rather controversial. Therefore, in this study we investigated the effects of low-dose-rate radiation on zebrafish neurodevelopment and the role of miRNAs in radiation-induced neurodevelopment. Zebrafish embryos received prolonged gamma-ray irradiation (0 mGy/h, 0.1 mGy/h, 0.2 mGy/h, 0.4 mGy/h) during development. Neurodevelopmental indicators included mortality, malformation rate, swimming speed, as well as the morphology changes of the lateral line system and brain tissue. Additionally, spatiotemporal expression of development-related miRNAs (dre-miR-196a-5p, dre-miR-210-3p, dre-miR-338) and miRNA processing enzymes genes (Dicer and Drosha) were assessed by qRT-PCR and whole mount in situ hybridization (WISH). The results revealed a decline in mortality, malformation and swimming speed, with normal histological and morphological appearance, in zebrafish that received 0.1 mGy/h; however, increased mortality, malformation and swimming speed were observed, with pathological changes, in zebrafish that received 0.2 mGy/h and 0.4 mGy/h. The expression of miRNA processing enzyme genes was altered after irradiation, and miRNAs expression was downregulated in the 0.1 mGy/h group, and upregulated in the 0.2 mGy/h and 0.4 mGy/h groups. Furthermore, ectopic expression of dre-miR-210-3p, Dicer and Drosha was also observed in the 0.4 mGy/h group. In conclusion, the effect of low-dose and low-dose-rate radiation on neurodevelopment follows the threshold model, under the regulation of miRNAs, excitatory effects occurred at a dose rate of 0.1 mGy/h and toxic effects occurred at a dose rate of 0.2 mGy/h and 0.4 mGy/h.

10.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 693858, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34335522

RESUMO

Pathogenic streptococcal species are responsible for a broad spectrum of human diseases ranging from non-invasive and localized infections to more aggressive and life-threatening diseases, which cause great economic losses worldwide. Streptococci possess a dozen two-component systems (TCSs) that play important roles in the response to different environmental changes and adjust the expression of multiple genes to successfully colonize and infect host cells. In this review, we discuss the progress in the study of a conserved TCS named CiaRH in pathogenic or opportunistic streptococci including Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus gordonii, Streptococcus sanguinis, and Streptococcus suis, focusing on the function and regulatory networks of CiaRH, which will provide a promising strategy for the exploration of novel antistreptococcal therapies. This review highlights the important role of CiaRH and provides an important basis for the development of antistreptococcal drugs and vaccines.

11.
Cancer Manag Res ; 13: 5657-5669, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34285586

RESUMO

Purpose: To investigate the potential value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in predicting response relevance to total neoadjuvant treatment (TNT) in locally advanced rectal cancer. Methods: We analyzed MRI of 71 patients underwent TNT from 2015 to 2017 retrospectively. We categorized the response of TNT as CR (complete response) vs non-CR, and high vs moderate vs low sensitivity. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the best predictors of response. Diagnostic performance was assessed using receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Results: Post-ICT (induction chemotherapy) ∆TL (tumor length), post-CRT (concurrent chemoradiotherapy) ∆LNN (the numbers of lymph node metastases), post-CCT (consolidation chemotherapy) ∆SDWI (maximum cross-sectional area of tumor on diffusion-weighted imaging), post-CCT ADCT (the mean apparent diffusion coefficient values of tumor) and post-CCT ∆LNV (volume of lymph node) were the best CR predictors. Post-ICT ∆TL, post-CRT EMVI (extramural vascular invasion) and post-CCT ∆ST2 (S on T2-weight) were the best significant factors for high sensitivity. Conclusion: Post-ICT ∆TL may be an early predictor of CR and high sensitivity to TNT. Dynamic analysis based on MRI between baseline and post-CCT could provide the most valuable prediction of CR. The grouping modality of CR vs non-CR may be more suitable for treatment response prediction than high vs moderate vs low sensitivity.

12.
Chem Asian J ; 16(17): 2545-2551, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34297468

RESUMO

A hexanuclear heterometallic cluster of composition [Dy2 Co4 (L)4 (NO3 )2 (OH)4 (C2 H5 OH)2 ] ⋅ 2 C2 H5 OH (1) was synthesized by employing a Schiff base 2-(((2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl) imino)methyl)-4-methoxyphenol (H2 L) as ligand and utilizing Dy(NO3 )3 ⋅ 6H2 O and Co(NO3 )2 ⋅ 6H2 O as metal ion sources. X-ray single-crystal diffraction analysis indicated that complex 1 contains a defect tetracubane core and possesses central symmetric structure, with two DyIII ions being in the central body position of the molecule and four CoII ions being arranged at the outer sites. Magnetic studies reveal that complex 1 behaves as single-molecule magnet (SMM) with energy barrier of 27.50 K. To investigate the individual contribution of DyIII and CoII ions to the SMM behavior, another two complexes of formulae [Dy2 Zn4 (L)4 (NO3 )2 (OH)4 ] ⋅ 4CH3 OH (2) and [Y2 Co4 (L)4 (NO3 )2 (OH)4 (C2 H5 OH)2 ] ⋅ 2 C2 H5 OH (3) were prepared. Complexes 1 and 3 are isomorphous. The coordination geometries of DyIII ions in 1 and 2 are different. The DyIII ions are eight-coordinated in 2 and nine-coordinated in 1. Complex 2 exhibits SMM behavior with energy barrier of 69.67 K, but complex 3 does not display SMM property. These results reveal that the SMM behaviors of 1 and 2 are mainly originated from DyIII ions. It might be the higher symmetry of DyIII ions in 2 that results in the higher energy barrier.

13.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(6): 589-92, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34085472

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of conventional acupuncture combined with row-like puncture at sternocleidomastoid on peripheral facial palsy at recovery stage. METHODS: A total of 60 patients with peripheral facial palsy at recovery stage were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 30 cases in each one. Acupuncture was applied at affected Cuanzhu (BL 2), Yangbai (GB 14), Sibai (ST 2), Quanliao (SI 18), Jiache (ST 6), Dicang (ST 4), Hegu (LI 4), Taichong (LR 3) and Zusanli (ST 36) in the control group. On the basis of the treatment in the control group, row-like puncture was applied at sternocleidomastoid (1 needle was punctured at muscle origin and insertion respectively, 3 to 4 needles were row-like punctured at the connection line of muscle origin and insertion). The treatment was given once a day, 5 times were as one course, with 2-day interval, totally 4 courses were required in the both groups. The house-brackmann (H-B) facial nerve function grade, facial nerve function rating system-dynamic view rating scale score and facial disability index (FDI) scale score [including scores of FDI physical function (FDIp) and FDI social life function (FDIs)] before and after treatment were observed, and the clinical efficacy was evaluated in the two groups. RESULTS: After treatment, the H-B facial nerve function grades were improved compared before treatment in the both groups (P<0.05), and that in the observation group was superior to the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of dynamic view rating scale and FDIp were increased (P<0.05), FDIs scores were decreased compared before treatment in the both groups (P<0.05); compared with the control group, the scores of dynamic view rating scale and FDIp were increased (P<0.05), FDIs score was decreased in the observation group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 93.3% (28/30) in the observation group, which was superior to 73.3% (22/30) in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with conventional acupuncture, combination therapy with row-like puncture at sternocleidomastoid can improve the therapeutic effect of peripheral facial palsy at recovery stage.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Paralisia Facial , Pontos de Acupuntura , Paralisia Facial/terapia , Humanos , Agulhas , Punções , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Oncogene ; 40(22): 3826-3844, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33958720

RESUMO

Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the leading causes of human mortality around the world. We have previously shown that Gαi1 (the inhibitory subunit 1 of the heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding protein) recruitment to ligand-activated receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) is essential for signaling. Testing its role in GC cancer-promoting functions, we found that Gαi1 is upregulated in human GC, correlating with poor overall survival. In established and primary human GC cells, Gαi1 shRNA (small hairpin RNA) or knockout produced significant anti-GC cell activity, proliferation and migration was inhibited, and apoptosis was activated. Conversely, ectopic Gαi1 overexpression promoted proliferation and migration of GC cells in vitro. By examining the tumor-suppressive miRNA microRNA-200a (miR-200a), we found that miR-200a directly silenced Gαi1 to induce anti-GC cell activity. The expression of miR-200a was downregulated in human GC, correlating with upregulation of a novel miR-200a-targeting long non-coding RNA (LncRNA), PINK1 (PTEN Induced Kinase 1)-AS. RNA immunoprecipitation, RNA-pull down, and RNA fluorescence in situ hybridization assays confirmed that PINK1-AS directly binds to miR-200a. Silencing PINK1-AS in GC cells led to miR-200a accumulation, Gαi1 downregulation, and inhibition of GC cell progression in vitro, whereas PINK1-AS upregulation produced the converse results. Significantly, anti-GC cell activity induced by PINK1-AS shRNA was ameliorated by the expression of miR-200a antisense or the 3'-UTR (untranslated region)-depleted Gαi1. In vivo, the growth of subcutaneous MGC-803 xenografts in nude mice was inhibited by PINK1-AS shRNA, but accelerated by PINK1-AS overexpression. Patient-derived GC xenograft growth in nude mice was largely inhibited after intratumoral injection of PINK1-AS shRNA lentivirus. In conclusion, PINK1-AS promotes Gαi1-driven GC progression by sponging miR-200a.

15.
Prostate ; 81(11): 721-727, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34028061

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary team (MDT) management is a popular treatment paradigm in managing cancer patients, which provides fully-discussed, interdisciplinary treatment recommendations for patients. However, there has been a lack of data on its actual impact on the overall survival (OS) of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. mCRPC is the end stage of prostate cancer, facing a treatment dilemma of overwhelming options; therefore, we hypothesize dynamic MDT discussions can be helpful in comprehensively managing these patients. METHODS: We retrospectively collected 422 mCRPC patients' clinical information from 2013 to 2020 from our institute. Patients can voluntarily choose whether to enroll in the dynamic MDT group, which includes discussions at CRPC diagnosis and subsequent disease progression. All patients were followed up regularly, and OS from CRPC diagnosis to death was set as the endpoint of this study. RESULTS: Participating in MDT discussions is a favorable independent indicator of longer overall survival (median OS: MDT (+): 39.7 months; MDT (-): 27.0 months, hazard ratio: 0.549, p = .001). Moreover, this survival benefit of MDT remained in subgroups with first-line therapy [median OS: MDT (+): not reached; MDT (-): 27.0 months, p = .001) and with multi-line therapy until the end of follow-up (median OS: MDT (+): 36.7 months; MDT (-): 25.6 months, p = .044). CONCLUSION: Therefore, regular MDT discussions are valuable in the management of mCRPC patients. Clinicians are encouraged to tailor MDT discussions dynamically to provide mCRPC patients with a better and more individualized treatment plan and more prolonged survival. Take-home messages ● The MDT model is defined as dynamic MDT discussions at the time of mCRPC diagnosis and each time they progressed later on throughout the disease management. ● Prostate cancer MDT usually includes specialists in urologic oncology, pathology, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, ultrasound, imaging and nuclear medicine. ● MDT model can benefit mCRPC patients in terms of overall survival.

16.
World J Clin Cases ; 9(13): 3008-3013, 2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33969086

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sepsis usually causes hemodynamic abnormalities. Hemodynamic index is one of the factors to identify the severity of sepsis and an important parameter to guide the procedure of fluid resuscitation. The present study investigated whether the assessment of hemodynamic indices can predict the outcomes of septic patients undergoing resuscitation therapy. AIM: To evaluate the prognostic value of hemodynamic indices in patients with sepsis after fluid resuscitation. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in 120 patients with sepsis at Hainan General Hospital/Hainan Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University between October 2016 and October 2019. All patients were treated with sodium chloride combined with dextran glucose injection for fluid resuscitation. Patients' hemodynamic parameters were monitored, including heart rate (HR), cardiac index (CI), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), mean arterial pressure (MAP), central venous pressure (CVP), and central venous oxygen saturation. The prognostic value of hemodynamic indices was determined based on the prognosis status. RESULTS: During fluid resuscitation, 86 patients developed septic shock and 34 did not. Ninety-nine patients survived and 21 patients died at 28 d after the treatment. Heart rate, CI, mean arterial pressure, SVRI, and CVP were higher in patients with septic shock and patients who died from septic shock than in non-shock patients and patients who survived, and central venous oxygen saturation was lower in patients with shock and patients who died than in non-shock patients and the survivors (P < 0.05). When prognosis was considered as a dependent variable and hemodynamic parameters was considered as independent variables, the results of a logistic regression analysis showed that CI, SVRI, and CVP were independent risk factors for septic shock, and CI was an independent risk factor for 28-d mortality (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Hemodynamic indices can be used to evaluate the prognosis of septic patients after fluid resuscitation.

17.
Carbohydr Polym ; 264: 117997, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33910732

RESUMO

Bioinspired from adhesion behaviors of mussels, we first reported a new strategy to prepare catechol-functionalized chitosan (C-CS)/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) composite films via a solution blending method in neutral aqueous solution for active food packaging. Compared with pure PVA film, the UV transmittance (at 280 nm) of C-CS/PVA composite films decreases by 67.6 % when C-CS content reaches 10 wt%. Still, all the C-CS/PVA composite films are transparent in the visible range. The maximal tensile strength and elongation at break of C-CS/PVA composite films can reach 45.2 MPa and 153 % respectively, which are 46.3 % and 25.4 % higher than those of pure PVA film. The incorporation of C-CS into PVA matrix increases the antibacterial properties significantly. The water resistance of C-CS/PVA composite films can not be significantly deteriorated by the appropriate amount of C-CS. Therefore, C-CS/PVA composite films show great potential in the field of active packaging due to its good mechanical, antibacterial and UV barrier properties.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Catecóis/química , Quitosana/química , Embalagem de Alimentos/métodos , Álcool de Polivinil/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Catecóis/farmacologia , Quitosana/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Nanocompostos/química , Álcool de Polivinil/farmacologia , Solubilidade , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos , Resistência à Tração , Raios Ultravioleta
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(17): 20821-20829, 2021 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33887905

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have attracted growing interest due to excellent performance in gas separation, energy conversion and storage, catalysis, and sensing, but their homochirality and exfoliation as well as related enantioselective catalysis and sensing remain a stage of pending exploration owing to the scarcity of homochiral MOFs and intrinsic aggregation of nanosheets. Herein, a homochiral 2D MOF (HMOF-3) with polymeric chirality, good thermostability, and solvent stability is designed and constructed by a homochiral organic ligand 5,5'-((1R,2R)-cyclohexane dicarbonyl bis(azanediyl)) diisophthalic acid (R,R-CHCAIP), a ditopic coligand 4,4'-bipyridine, and Zn salts. Remarkably, HMOF-3 can be exfoliated via solvent-assisted sonication to achieve 2D HMOF-3 nanosheets (HMOF-3-NS), which exhibit a sensitive turn-on effect with the fluorescence enhancement up to 63.5 times in the presence of R/S-mandelic acid, d/l-tartaric acid, d/l-lactic acid, d/l-alanine, and d/l-tryptophan. More importantly, the high surface area, polymeric chirality environment, and highly accessible functional sites on the surface of HMOF-3 nanosheets enable close contact with probed enantiomers, leading to highly enantioselective and sensitive sensing. The turn-on mechanism of host-guest-assisted electronic transfer is confirmed by DFT calculation and the relative experiment. This work highlights the promise of homochiral 2D MOF nanosheets for enantioselective sensing applications.

19.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(13): 1354-1361, 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33833488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rectal subepithelial lesions (SELs) are commonly seen in endoscopic examination, generally manifested as bumps with a smooth surface. Precise preoperative diagnoses for rectal SELs are difficult because abnormal tissues are not easily to be obtained by regular endoscopic forceps biopsy. Traditional guidance modalities of preoperative biopsy, including endoscopic ultrasound, computed tomography, and transabdominal ultrasound, are often unsatisfactory. An updated, safe, and effective biopsy guidance method is required. We herein report a new biopsy guidance modality-endorectal ultrasound (ERUS) combined with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). CASE SUMMARY: A 32-year-old woman complained of a mass inside the rectovaginal space for 9 years, which became enlarged within 1 year. A rectal SEL detected by endoscopy was suspected to be a gastrointestinal stromal tumor or exophytic uterine fibroid. Pathological diagnosis was difficult because of unsuccessful transabdominal core needle biopsy with insufficient tissues, as well as vaginal hemorrhage. A second biopsy was suggested after multiple disciplinary treatment discussion, which referred to a transperineal core needle biopsy (CNB) guided by ERUS combined with CEUS. Adequate samples were procured and rectal gastrointestinal stromal tumor was proved to be the pathological diagnosis. Imatinib was recommended for first-line therapy by multiple disciplinary treatment discussion. After the tumor shrunk, resection of the rectal gastrointestinal stromal tumor was performed through the posterior vaginal wall. Adjuvant therapy was applied and no recurrence or metastasis has been found by the last follow-up on December 13, 2019. CONCLUSION: Transperineal CNB guided by ERUS and CEUS is a safe and effective preoperative biopsy of rectal SELs yet with some limitations.


Assuntos
Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Adulto , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre , Feminino , Humanos , Reto/diagnóstico por imagem , Reto/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 5187, 2021 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33664382

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological and radiological significance of the collateral vessel of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) on preoperative computed tomography (CT). Preoperative contrast-enhanced CT of 236 consecutive patients with pathological documented RCC were retrospectively reviewed during the period of 2014. The associations of the presence of collateral vessels with perioperative clinicopathological and radiological features, as well as long term survival outcomes were analyzed. Totally, collateral vessels were detected by contrast-enhanced CT in 110 of 236 patients. The presence of collateral vessels was significantly associated with higher pathologic T stage, higher Fuhrman grade, higher overall RENAL scores, greater tumor size and enhancement, and more tumor necrosis (all P < 0.05). In patients with clear cell RCC, those harboring collateral vessels had significantly higher SSIGN scores (P < 0.001) and shorter overall survival (P = 0.01) than those without collateral vessel. The incidence of intraoperative blood loss, blood transfusion, radical nephrectomy (RN) and open surgery were also significantly higher in patients with collateral vessels (all P < 0.05). In multivariate analysis, the presence of collateral vessels was significantly associated with RN (P = 0.021) and open surgery (P = 0.012). The presence of collateral vessels was significantly associated with aggressive clinicopathological parameters and worse prognosis. It is worth paying attention to its association with the choice of RN and open surgery in clinical practice.

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