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1.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(1)2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179078

RESUMO

Curcumin has a therapeutic effect on ulcerative colitis, but the underlying mechanism has yet to be elucidated. The aim of the present study was to clarify the possible mechanisms. Dextran sulfate sodium­induced colitis mice were treated with curcumin via gavage for 7 days. The effects of curcumin on disease activity index (DAI) and pathological changes of colonic tissue in mice were determined. Interleukin (IL)­6, IL­10, IL­17 and IL­23 expression levels were measured by ELISA. Flow cytometry was used to detect the ratio of mouse spleen regulatory T cells (Treg)/Th17 cells, and western blotting was used to measure the nuclear protein hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)­1α level. The results demonstrated that curcumin can significantly reduce DAI and spleen index scores and improve mucosal inflammation. Curcumin could also regulate the re­equilibration of Treg/Th17. IL­10 level in the colon was significantly increased, while inflammatory cytokines IL­6, IL­17 and IL­23 were significantly reduced following curcumin treatment. No significant difference in HIF­1α was observed between the colitis and the curcumin group. It was concluded that oral administration of curcumin can effectively treat experimental colitis by regulating the re­equilibration of Treg/Th17 and that the regulatory mechanism may be closely related to the IL­23/Th17 pathway. The results of the present study provided molecular insight into the mechanism by which curcumin treats ulcerative colitis.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33229564

RESUMO

Synaptotagmin-7 (Syt7) probably plays an important role in bipolar-like behavioral abnormalities in mice; however, the underlying mechanisms for this have remained elusive. Unlike antidepressants that cause mood overcorrection in bipolar depression, N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR)-targeted drugs show moderate clinical efficacy, for unexplained reasons. Here we identified Syt7 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in patients with bipolar disorder and demonstrated that mice lacking Syt7 or expressing the SNPs showed GluN2B-NMDAR dysfunction, leading to antidepressant behavioral consequences and avoidance of overcorrection by NMDAR antagonists. In human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived and mouse hippocampal neurons, Syt7 and GluN2B-NMDARs were localized to the peripheral synaptic region, and Syt7 triggered multiple forms of glutamate release to efficiently activate the juxtaposed GluN2B-NMDARs. Thus, while Syt7 deficiency and SNPs induced GluN2B-NMDAR dysfunction in mice, patient iPSC-derived neurons showed Syt7 deficit-induced GluN2B-NMDAR hypoactivity that was rescued by Syt7 overexpression. Therefore, Syt7 deficits induced mania-like behaviors in mice by attenuating GluN2B activity, which enabled NMDAR antagonists to avoid mood overcorrection.

3.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(40): 6182-6194, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33177792

RESUMO

Endoscopic ultrasound-guided minimally invasive tissue acquisition can be performed by two approaches as follows: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle biopsy (EUS-FNB). These have been evolved into leading approaches and widely used for the histological diagnosis of tumors in the gastrointestinal tract and adjacent organs. However, the role of EUS-FNA and EUS-FNB in disease diagnosis and evaluation remains controversial. Although the incidence of surgery-associated complications remains low, the consequences of needle tract seeding can be serious or even life-threatening. Recently, increasing case reports of needle tract seeding are emerging, especially caused by EUS-FNA. This complication needs serious consideration. In the present work, we integrated these case reports and the related literature, and summarized the relevant cases and technical characteristics of needle tract seeding caused by EUS-FNA and EUS-FNB. Collectively, our findings provided valuable insights into the prevention and reduction of such serious complication.

4.
Analyst ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174562

RESUMO

Protein expression is closely related to many biological processes including cell growth, differentiation and signaling. It is a challenge to selectively monitor newly synthesized proteins under both physiological and pathological conditions due to shortage of efficient analytical methods. Here, we proposed a new strategy to selectively monitor newly synthesized proteins in cells by combining fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) with bioorthogonal noncanonical amino acid tagging (BONCAT) technique. Firstly, homopropargylglycine (HPG), an alkyne surrogate of methionine, was metabolically incorporated into newly synthesized proteins in living cells, and the proteins containing the alkyne functional group were subsequently labeled with chemoselective fluorescence reporters using the Cu(i)-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) reaction. Then, FCS was used to analyze the newly synthesized proteins based on the difference in the characteristic diffusion times of labeled proteins and free fluorescent dyes. We optimized the conditions of HPG metabolic incorporation and the CuAAC click reaction and applied this new method to study autophagic protein degradation and in situ monitor secreted proteins in cells. Compared to current methods, our method is simple, fast, and without separation, and it may become a promising approach for in situ studying protein expression in living cells.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(22)2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213111

RESUMO

This work aimed at investigating the interactive effects of salt-signaling molecules, i.e., ethylene, extracellular ATP (eATP), H2O2, and cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]cyt), on the regulation of K+/Na+ homeostasis in Arabidopsisthaliana. The presence of eATP shortened Col-0 hypocotyl length under no-salt conditions. Moreover, eATP decreased relative electrolyte leakage and lengthened root length significantly in salt-treated Col-0 plants but had no obvious effects on the ethylene-insensitive mutants etr1-1 and ein3-1eil1-1. Steady-state ionic flux kinetics showed that exogenous 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC, an ethylene precursor) and eATP-Na2 (an eATP donor) significantly increased Na+ extrusion and suppressed K+ loss during short-term NaCl treatment. Moreover, ACC remarkably raised the fluorescence intensity of salt-elicited H2O2 and cytosolic Ca2+. Our qPCR data revealed that during 12 h of NaCl stress, application of ACC increased the expression of AtSOS1 and AtAHA1, which encode the plasma membrane (PM) Na+/H+ antiporters (SOS1) and H+-ATPase (H+ pumps), respectively. In addition, eATP markedly increased the transcription of AtEIN3, AtEIL1, and AtETR1, and ACC treatment of Col-0 roots under NaCl stress conditions caused upregulation of AtRbohF and AtSOS2/3, which directly contribute to the H2O2 and Ca2+ signaling pathways, respectively. Briefly, ethylene was triggered by eATP, a novel upstream signaling component, which then activated and strengthened the H2O2 and Ca2+ signaling pathways to maintain K+/Na+ homeostasis under salinity.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33220526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although current quality indicators of colonoscopy recommend 6 minutes as the minimum standard for withdrawal time (WT), the impact of a WT longer than 6 minutes on neoplasia detection is unclear. METHODS: A multicenter randomized controlled trial involving 1027 patients was conducted from January 2018 to July 2019. Participants were randomly divided into a 9-minute (n=514) and 6-minute (n=513) WT group, and a timer was used to adjust the withdrawal speed. The primary outcome was the adenoma detection rate (ADR). RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analysis showed a significantly higher ADR in the 9-minute versus 6-minute WT group (36.6% vs. 27.1%, P=0.001). Prolonging WT from 6 to 9 minutes significantly increased ADR of the proximal colon (21.4% vs. 11.9%, P<0.001) as well as of the less experienced colonoscopists (36.8% vs. 23.5%, P=0.001). Improvements were also observed in the polyp detection rate (58.0% vs. 47.8%, P<0.001), and mean number of polyps and adenomas detected per colonoscopy (1.1 vs. 0.9, P=0.002; 0.5 vs. 0.4, P=0.008, respectively). The higher ADRs in 9-minute WT were also confirmed by the per-protocol (PP) analysis and subgroup analyses, with an increased rate of sessile serrated lesion detection in the 9-minute WT by PP analysis (4.0% vs. 1.3%, P=0.04). Multivariate logistic regression demonstrated that the 9-minute WT was independently associated with increased ADR (P=0.005). CONCLUSION: Prolonging WT from 6 to 9 minutes significantly improved ADR, especially in the proximal colon and for less experienced colonoscopists. A 9-minute WT benchmark should be considered as one of the quality indicators of colonoscopy.

8.
J Environ Manage ; 278(Pt 1): 111537, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120090

RESUMO

Terracing and rainfall characteristics notably influence the water erosion processes. However, an extensive long term in situ quantitative evaluation of the approaches to control the water erosion in different orchard terraces has not yet been performed, especially considering the increasing frequency and severity of extreme rainfall events due to the global climate change. In this study, six types of orchard terraces, including slope land as the control (SLck), level terrace with bare (LTb) and vegetation taluses (LTv), outward (OTv) and inward terrace (ITv) with vegetation taluses and level terrace having front mounds and back ditches with vegetation taluses (MDLTv), were used to analyze the effects of extreme and ordinary rainfall events on the surface runoff and soil erosion. According to the measured data for twelve consecutive years, 356 natural rainfall events were divided into extreme and ordinary rainfall, based on the World Meteorological Organization standard. The results indicated that more severe surface runoff and sediment loss occurred under extreme rainfall: the runoff coefficient and soil loss under extreme rainfall were 2.6 and 11.5 times those under ordinary rainfall, respectively. The sediment yield (contribution rate, 42.9%) exhibited a higher sensitivity to extreme rainfall events compared to that of the surface runoff generation (contribution rate, 16.4%). Moreover, the reduction in the surface runoff and sediment in the extreme rainfall case differed for different orchard terraces. The average surface runoff coefficient and soil loss amount decreased in the following order: SLck>LTb>OTv>LTv>ITv>MDLTv. Nevertheless, the highest and lowest contributions of the extreme rainfall to the sediment yield occurred in the LTb (64.8%) and MDLTv (21.7%) plots, respectively. Therefore, severe talus erosion caused by extreme rainfall should be monitored, and a combination of vegetation taluses and front mounds and back ditches on the platforms is recommended as a sustainable strategy to prevent extreme water erosion when transforming slope land into orchard terraces.

9.
Mod Pathol ; 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011748

RESUMO

Currently there is no highly specific and sensitive marker to identify breast cancer-the most common malignancy in women. Breast cancer can be categorized as estrogen receptor (ER)/progesterone receptor (PR)-positive luminal, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive, or triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) types based on the expression of ER, PR, and HER2. Although GATA3 is the most widely used tumor marker at present to determine the breast origin, which has been shown to be an excellent marker for ER-positive and low-grade breast cancer, but it does not work well for TNBC with sensitivity as low as <20% in metaplastic breast carcinoma. In the current study, through TCGA data mining we identified trichorhinophalangeal syndrome type 1 (TRPS1) as a specific gene for breast carcinoma across 31 solid tumor types. Moreover, high mRNA level of TRPS1 was found in all four subtypes of breast carcinoma including ER/PR-positive luminal A and B types, HER2-positive type, and basal-type/TNBC. We then analyzed TRPS1 expression in 479 cases of various types of breast cancer using immunochemistry staining, and found that TRPS1 and GATA3 had comparable positive expression in ER-positive (98% vs. 95%) and HER2-positive (87% vs. 88%) breast carcinomas. However, TRPS1 which was highly expressed in TNBC, was significantly higher than GATA3 expression in metaplastic (86% vs. 21%) and nonmetaplastic (86% vs. 51%) TNBC. In addition, TRPS1 expression was evaluated in 1234 cases of solid tumor from different organs. In contrast to the high expression of GATA3 in urothelial carcinoma, TRPS1 showed no or little expression in urothelial carcinomas or in other tumor types including lung adenocarcinoma, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, colon and gastric adenocarcinoma, renal cell carcinoma, melanoma, and ovarian carcinoma. These findings suggest that TRPS1 is a highly sensitive and specific marker for breast carcinoma and can be used as a great diagnostic tool, especially for TNBC.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089439

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the effects of drilling and thinning treatment of laser-assisted hatching on the expression and methylation of imprinted gene IGF2/H19 in embryos and offspring. METHODS: The prehatching blastocysts with treatment of drilling or thinning, or control prehatching blastocysts, were transplanted in surrogate uteri. The DNA methylation of IGF2/H19 imprinting control region (ICR) and the expression of IGF2 and H19 were respectively evaluated using bisulfite conversion-mediated sequencing and real-time PCR. RESULTS: The drilling group showed a significant increase in the development rate of hatched blastocysts in comparison with the control and thinning group. DNA methylation level of IGF2/H19 ICR of hatched blastocysts in the thinning group was 27.33% in comparison with the 38.67% and 36% observed in the control and drilling group. The thinning treatment increased the DNA methylation level of IGF2/H19 ICR in the placenta in comparison with the control and drilling group. The drilling and thinning treatment decreased the expression level of H19 mRNA in prehatching and hatched blastocysts as well as placenta, while a significant increase in the expression level of H19 mRNA of offspring was observed in the thinning group. The thinning treatment increased the expression level of IGF2 mRNA of prehatching blastocysts and offspring and a significant decrease in placenta, while the drilling treatment resulted in a significant increase in the expression level of IGF2 mRNA of hatched blastocysts and placenta. CONCLUSION: These observations suggested that drilling used for hatching of in vitro cultured mouse blastocysts may improve the production of offspring.

11.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1491-1495, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067943

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment methods of patients with myeloid sarcoma(MS). Methods: The clinical data, laboratory examination, clinical pathology and treatment methods of 15 patients with MS treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College from June 2012 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 15 cases of MS, including eight males and seven females, the middle age of patients were 53(19 to 72). Among the 15 patients with MS, 4 showed solitary MS, while 11 showed secondary MS. Immunohistochemical results showed that MPO+(12/15)、CD68+(3/6)、Lys+(3/3)、CD34+(6/14)、TdT+(0/9)、CD43+(13/13)、CD117+(6/10)、CD15+(7/10)、CD3+(1/15)、CD20+(0/15). 6 of 13 patients were survival till follow-up date.The median overall survival (OS) time was 16 months (1-88 months).Conclusion: Myeloid sarcoma is rare and often secondary from acute myeloid leukemia(AML) and chronic myeogenous leukemia(CML). Isolated MS can easily be misdiagnosed as lymphoma. Treatment response should be evaluated in combination with bone marrow examination, PET/CT and other imagines.Systematic chemotherapy and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are the main method to treat MS.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Sarcoma Mieloide , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
J Hazard Mater ; : 124063, 2020 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33092878

RESUMO

Phytoremediation offers a great potential for affordable remediation of heavy metal (HM)-polluted soil and water. Screening and identifying candidate genes related to HM uptake and transport is prerequisite for improvement of phytoremediation by genetic engineering. Using the cadmium (Cd)-hypersensitive Populus euphratica, an annexin encoding gene facilitating Cd enrichment was identified in this study. With a 12 h exposure to CdCl2 (50-100 µM), P. euphratica cells down-regulated transcripts of annexin1 (PeANN1). PeANN1 was homologue to Arabidopsis annexin1 (AtANN1) and localized mainly to the plasma membrane (PM) and cytosol. Compared with wild type and Atann1 mutant, PeANN1 overexpression in Arabidopsis resulted in a more pronounced decline in survival rate and root length after a long-term Cd stress (10 d, 50 µM), due to a higher cadmium accumulation in roots. PeANN1-transgenic roots exhibited enhanced influx conductance of Cd2+ under cadmium shock (30 min, 50 µM) and short-term stress (12 h, 50 µM). Noteworthy, the PeANN1-facilitated Cd2+ influx was significantly inhibited by a calcium-permeable channel (CaPC) inhibitor (GdCl3) but was promoted by 1 mM H2O2, indicating that Cd2+ entered root cells via radical-activated CaPCs in the PM. Therefore, PeANN1 can serve as a candidate gene for improvement of phytoremediation by genetic engineering.

13.
BMC Psychiatry ; 20(1): 499, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036580

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The 5-hydroxytryptamine 1B receptor (5-HT1B) plays an essential role in the serotonin (5-HT) system and is widely involved in a variety of brain activities. HTR1B is the gene encoding 5-HT1B. Genome-wide association studies have shown that HTR1B polymorphisms are closely related to multiple mental and behavioral disorders; however, the functional mechanisms underlying these associations are unknown. This study investigated the effect of several HTR1B haplotypes on regulation of gene expression in vitro and the functional sequences in the 5' regulatory region of HTR1B to determine their potential association with mental and behavioral disorders. METHODS: Six haplotypes consisting of rs4140535, rs1778258, rs17273700, rs1228814, rs11568817, and rs130058 and several truncated fragments of the 5' regulatory region of HTR1B were transfected into SK-N-SH and HEK-293 cells. The relative fluorescence intensities of the different haplotypes and truncated fragments were detected using a dual-luciferase reporter assay system. RESULTS: Compared to the major haplotype T-G-T-C-T-A, the relative fluorescence intensities of haplotypes C-A-T-C-T-A, C-G-T-C-T-A, C-G-C-A-G-T, and C-G-T-A-T-A were significantly lower, and that of haplotype C-G-C-A-G-A was significantly higher. Furthermore, the effects of the rs4140535T allele, the rs17273700C-rs11568817G linkage combination, and the rs1228814A allele made their relative fluorescence intensities significantly higher than their counterparts at each locus. Conversely, the rs1778258A and rs130058T alleles decreased the relative fluorescence intensities. In addition, we found that regions from - 1587 to - 1371 bp (TSS, + 1), - 1149 to - 894 bp, - 39 to + 130 bp, + 130 to + 341 bp, and + 341 to + 505 bp upregulated gene expression. In contrast, regions - 603 to - 316 bp and + 130 to + 341 bp downregulated gene expression. Region + 341 to + 505 bp played a decisive role in gene transcription. CONCLUSIONS: HTR1B 5' regulatory region polymorphisms have regulatory effects on gene expression and potential correlate with several pathology and physiology conditions. This study suggests that a crucial sequence for transcription is located in region + 341 ~ + 505 bp. Regions - 1587 to - 1371 bp, - 1149 to - 894 bp, - 603 to - 316 bp, - 39 to + 130 bp, and + 130 to + 341 bp contain functional sequences that can promote or suppress the HTR1B gene expression.

14.
Cancer Med ; 9(22): 8589-8599, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902196

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In gastric cancer (GC), circular RNAs (circRNAs) mainly play an important role in miRNA sponge, which not only indicate long-term survival and prognosis but also increase resistance to the apoptosis. The purpose of the study is to explore new circRNAs and their underlying mechanisms in GC. METHOD: Through rigorous retrieval strategies, we used the sva package to analyze and identify differentially expressed circRNAs (DECs) from three Gene Expression Omnibus microarray datasets (GSE83521, GSE89143, and GSE78092). Online website CSCD and CircInteractome were used to reveal the binding sites between miRNAs and DECs. The possible target miRNAs of the DECs identified based on miRNAs, and Cytoscape was used to create a regulatory network of circRNA-miRNA-mRNA and identified the hub genes which were further validated using The Cancer Genome Atlas database and Human Protein Atlas. RESULTS: Twenty-eight DECs were obtained using the sva package. A regulatory network of circRNA-miRNA-mRNA (competing endogenous RNA) containing 15 circRNAs, 24 miRNAs, and 158 genes was identified. A protein-protein interaction network based on the 158 genes was established, and further determined that 10 hub genes (SKA1, ANLN, CHEK1, SKA3, TOP2A, BIRC5, RRM2, NCAPG2, FANCI, and RAD51) were associated with some cancer-related pathways based on the functional enrichment analysis. Finally, six hub genes (BIRC5, TOP2A, FANCI, NCAPG2, RAD51, and RRM2) were proven to influence the overall survival of GC. CONCLUSION: Our study established a circRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory network and defined six circRNA-related hub genes in GC, which could serve as potential therapeutic targets or prognostic biomarker for GC treatment.

15.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 1-6, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32915691

RESUMO

The long-term persistence of hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) after hepatitis B vaccination among adults harboring isolated hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) is not yet clarified. The present study aimed to assess the immunogenicity and persistence of antibodies in adults 8 years after vaccination. A total of 309 participants including 94 participants in the isolated anti-HBs group and 215 in the control group were recruited in this study. All subjects received three doses of hepatitis B vaccine (20 µg) at 0, 1, and 12 months, followed by testing for serological responses 1 month after the third vaccination. Subsequently, 154 participants were excluded because their anti-HBs data of 8 y after the first vaccination were missing. The prevalence of isolated anti-HBc was about 11.5%, the positive seroprotection rate was 72%, and the geometric mean titer (GMT) value of anti-HBs titer was 24.55 mIU/mL in the isolated anti-HBc group 8 y after three doses of vaccination. No significant difference was detected in the positive seroprotection rate (P = .434) and the GMT values of anti-HBs titers (P = .674) between the isolated anti-HBc and control groups after 8 y. In conclusion, isolated anti-HBc-positive subjects could achieve satisfactory long-term immune effects after hepatitis B vaccination. The GMT values of anti-HBs titers were lower than those of the control group at 1 month, but no significant difference was detected after 8 years.

16.
Elife ; 92020 09 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876046

RESUMO

Human plasma contains > 40,000 different coding and non-coding RNAs that are potential biomarkers for human diseases. Here, we used thermostable group II intron reverse transcriptase sequencing (TGIRT-seq) combined with peak calling to simultaneously profile all RNA biotypes in apheresis-prepared human plasma pooled from healthy individuals. Extending previous TGIRT-seq analysis, we found that human plasma contains largely fragmented mRNAs from > 19,000 protein-coding genes, abundant full-length, mature tRNAs and other structured small non-coding RNAs, and less abundant tRNA fragments and mature and pre-miRNAs. Many of the mRNA fragments identified by peak calling correspond to annotated protein-binding sites and/or have stable predicted secondary structures that could afford protection from plasma nucleases. Peak calling also identified novel repeat RNAs, miRNA-sized RNAs, and putatively structured intron RNAs of potential biological, evolutionary, and biomarker significance, including a family of full-length excised intron RNAs, subsets of which correspond to mirtron pre-miRNAs or agotrons.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987003

RESUMO

Objective The study was to analyze the correlation between the income of the Chinese population and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Method 930 subjects were divided into three groups according to their liver fat content (LFC). (1) normal group: LFC<9.15% 197 cases; (2) low LFC group (LLFC): 9.15%≤LFC≤20% 532cases; (3) high LFC group (HLFC): LFC>20% 201 cases. All participants' clinical and social background were collected, including fasting routine test for related index. We compared the differences among the three groups with one way ANOVA, to analyze the relation between the income and each index with Pearson correlation, for the independent factors of LFC with Binary logistic regression. Results (1) Within the retirees, the prevalence rate of female NAFLD (81.2%) was greater than the male (75%), however, falling with age: the highest was between 40 to 49 years old (87.5%), while the lowest occurred above 70 years old (68%). (2) The incomes of the subjects were positively correlated with TG, SUA and LFC (P<0.05), and was negatively correlated with ALT (P=0.01). (3) As their incomes increased Ⅰ-Ⅴ, the fatty liver patients increased gradually (P<0.05). In the study, fatty liver was taken as the dependent variable, and the traditional risk factors of fatty liver and income classification (Ⅰ-Ⅴ) were taken as the independent variables. The income was an independent risk factor for the development of alcoholic fatty liver. The risk of group Ⅴ was 1.964 times higher than that of group Ⅰ. Conclusion The prevalence rate of NAFLD is closely related with the social economic development. Social risk factor includes the female, the age (40-49), and higher monthly income (>5000RMB). Thus, to increase the income without improving education level or health awareness, the prevalence rate of NAFLD will get higher.

18.
Appl Opt ; 59(26): 8023-8028, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976478

RESUMO

Based on the ABCD matrix method and Collins diffraction integral formula, the general analytical expression for the partially coherent modified Bessel-Gauss beam propagating in a gradient-index medium is derived. The propagation trajectory, intensity, and phase distribution of such a beam are numerically investigated. The effects of the topological charge, the coherence parameter, and the coefficient of the gradient refractive index on propagation properties are considered. Results show that the propagation trajectory of such beam focuses and diverges periodically, which is different from free-space propagation. The period of intensity distribution is consistent with that of phase distribution under different cases. As propagation distance increases, the dark core always exists and the phase singularities remain stable and do not split. The dark core can be modulated by topological charge and coherence parameter, and the periodical distance can be modulated by the coefficient of the gradient refractive index. These results will help to explore such beams and find applications in optical communication and optical trapping.

19.
Mol Ther Nucleic Acids ; 22: 114-123, 2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916597

RESUMO

Hepatic fibrosis is an inflammatory response that leads to liver cirrhosis in the most advanced condition. Liver cirrhosis is a leading cause of deaths associated with liver diseases; hence, understanding the underlying mechanisms of hepatic fibrosis is critical to develop effective therapies. Tripartite motif (TRIM) family proteins have been shown to be involved in liver fibrosis; however, the exact role of several TRIM proteins in this process remained unexplored. In this study, we investigated the role of TRIM37 in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated hepatic fibrosis. We analyzed TRIM37 expression in hepatic fibrosis patients and performed functional and mechanistic studies in tissue culture and mouse models to identify the role of TRIM37 in hepatic fibrosis. We found an increased expression of TRIM37 in hepatic fibrosis patients. Mechanistically, we showed that TRIM37 physically interacts with SMAD7 and promotes ubiquitination-mediated degradation of SMAD7, and that SMAD7 is a key mediator of TRM37-induced hepatic fibrosis. Furthermore, we showed nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) activation mediated by reactive oxygen species (ROS) is necessary for the transcriptional induction of TRIM37 during HBV infection. Our study shows TRIM37 as an important promoter of HBV-associated hepatic fibrosis.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 748: 141174, 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32805562

RESUMO

Antimony (Sb) pollution poses a severe health threat to ecosystems. However, the toxic effects of Sb on biota are far from being elucidated. One of the unresolved questions is the molecular signal pathways underlying microbial adaptation to excess antimonite or Sb(III) exposure. The response of a Sb(III)-resistant bacterium Acinetobacter. johnsonii JH7 to Sb(III) stress was investigated using genomic and proteomic profiling. Sb(III) induced the formation of reactive oxygen species thereby leading to oxidative stress and the up-regulation of antioxidant enzyme activities. In addition, two important operons (ars and pst) playing critical roles in this cellular response were identified. The ars proteins functioned cooperatively to expel Sb(III) thereby decreasing antimonite toxicity. Downregulation of the phosphate-specific transporter might reduce the uptake of Sb(V) while hindering phosphorus assimilation. Interaction of Sb(III) with JH7 strain cells also affected peptide syntheses and folding, energy conversion, and stability of the cellular envelope. The present study provides for the first time a global map of cellular adaptation to excess Sb(III). Such information is potentially useful to future Sb pollution remediation strategies.


Assuntos
Acinetobacter , Proteômica , Acinetobacter/genética , Antimônio/toxicidade , Ecossistema , Estresse Oxidativo
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