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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27110265

RESUMO

Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) still remains an important surgical problem with high morbidity and mortality. The utilization of Traditional Chinese Medicine shows good prospects in therapy of SAP since it has advantages of more extensive pharmacological effects and fewer adverse effects. In this retrospective study, 38 patients received standardized treatment (control group) and 37 patients received Chinese herbal decoction, Huoxue Qingyi Decoction (HQD group), in addition to standard treatment for SAP. We found that the HQD group had a shorter hospital stay and lower initial expense than the control group (P < 0.05). The duration of hyperamylasemia and systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) were significantly shorter in HQD group (P < 0.05). The percentage of patients having any complication was much lower in HQD group than control group (27/38 versus 17/37, P < 0.05), especially pancreatic pseudocyst (10/38 versus 2/37, P < 0.05). No adverse effect induced by HQD was found. We concluded that the HQD was effective, safe, and economic for reduction of complication, for early recovery from systemic inflammation, and for promoting earlier rehabilitation from SAP.

2.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 30(2): 189-94, 2013 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23568733

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the epidemiological status of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency among children from Yunnan with unique ethnic origins. METHODS: DNA samples from 11759 children were tested with fluorescent spot test, G6PD/6PGD quantitative ratio assay and hemoglobin electrophoresis. RESULTS: The detection rate of G6PD deficiency was 2.5%, for which boys were significantly greater than girls (3.5% vs. 1.4%, P<0.05). Significant differences were also detected among children from different ethnic groups and different regions. For ethnic Han Chinese, the detection rate was 0.7%, which was lower than the majority of ethnic minorities. By regression analysis, altitude of residence and family history both have significant influence on the calculated rate. CONCLUSION: Occurrence of G6PD deficiency seems to be influenced by gender. It also varies substantially between different ethnic groups as well as regions, e.g., more common in south. It also showed a declining trend after years of diagnosis and intervention. This survey may provide a valuable basis for counseling of G6PD deficiency in Yunnan.


Assuntos
Deficiência de Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/etnologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/etnologia , Feminino , Deficiência de Glucosefosfato Desidrogenase/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino
3.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 51(1): 34-41, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23527929

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the level and distribution characteristics of anemia of the minority ethnic group children in Yunnan. METHOD: The cases with anemia were surveyed from 13 336 samples of 15 minority ethnic groups and Han children in Yunnan by Taking the method of random cluster sampling. RESULT: The prevalence of anemia among the children under 7 years of age of 15 ethnic groups of minority in Yunnan was 13.6%. There are differences among the different ethnic groups (χ(2) = 716.33, P < 0.01), the highest was 26.6% in Jingpo, the lowest was 3.5% in Bai. There were differences among the different regions, the prevalence of anemia was high in the border regions City, the highest was 23.8% in Dehong; the prevalence of anemia was low in inland cities, the lowest was 2.7% in Fugong, and was higher in border areas. The prevalence of anemia was higher in boys (13.6%) than in girls (12.1%). There were differences among the different age in the different ethnic groups (6 months to 1 years old: χ(2) = 70.52, P < 0.01; 1 - 2 years old:χ(2) = 185.86, P < 0.01; 2 - 5 years old: χ(2) = 296.12, P < 0.01; 5 - 6 years old:χ(2) = 107.11, P < 0.01; 6 - 7 years old:χ(2) = 185.02, P < 0.01), the highest was 59.0% of Deang in 1 to 2 years old children. The trend of change was that the highest prevalence was seen in 6 months to 1 year old children, the prevalence gradually declined among older children, but rose again in children 6 years of age or older. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of anemia was 13.6% among the children of 15 ethnic minority under 7 years of age in Yunnan. There were differences among different ethnic groups of minority in different prefectures. There were differences among different ethnic groups of different age groups, but it was highest in 6 months to 1 year old children, it declined among older children, and rose in children 6 years of age or older. The prevalence of anemia was related to the ethnic and geographic factors.


Assuntos
Altitude , Anemia/epidemiologia , Grupos Minoritários/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Idade , Anemia/diagnóstico , Anemia/etnologia , Biomarcadores/análise , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , China/etnologia , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Prevalência , Amostragem , Distribuição por Sexo
4.
Hepatogastroenterology ; 60(121): 42-5, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22641110

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aims to compare the clinical outcomes and costs between percutaneous transhepatic biliary stenting (PTBS) and surgical bypass. METHODOLOGY: We randomly assigned 142 patients with unresectable malignant biliary obstruction between 2005 and 2010 to receive PTBS or surgical bypass as palliative treatment. PTBS was successfully performed in 70 patients who formed the PTBS group (failed in 7 patients). Sixty five patients underwent surgical bypass treatment. Additional gastrojejunostomy was performed in five patients. The effectiveness of biliary drainage, hospital stay, complications, cost, survival time and mortality were compared. RESULTS: Patients in PTBS group had shorter hospital stay and lower initial and overall expense than the surgical group (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in effectiveness of biliary drainage (p=0.9307) or survival time between two groups (p=0.4826). Early complications of PTBS group was significantly lower than surgical group (3/75 vs. 11/65, p=0.0342). Late complication in PTBS group did not differ significantly from surgical group (9/70 vs. 6/65, p=0.6823). The survival curves in the two groups showed no significant difference (p=0.1032). CONCLUSIONS: PTBD is a better palliative treatment than surgical bypass for unresectable malignant biliary obstruction for its high effectiveness of biliary drainage and acceptable expense and complication.


Assuntos
Colestase/terapia , Neoplasias/complicações , Stents , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/economia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Drenagem , Feminino , Derivação Gástrica/economia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cuidados Paliativos
5.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 579-82, 2011 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21983740

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the carrier rate of thalasaemia among the children of 10 minority ethnic groups in 3 border states (Xishuangbanna, Dehong and Nujiang) of Yunnan Province. METHODS: A total of 6562 samples of children under 10 years old were analyzed by blood cell automatic analysis and hemoglobin electrophoresis. RESULTS: The overall carrier frequency of thalasaemia was highest (46.2%) in Dehong, and lowest (30.6%) in Nujiang. The carrier frequency of beta-thalasaemia was the highest (40.6%) in Achang, and lowest (2.5%) in Dulong. The carrier frequency of alpha-thalasaemia was the highest (22.1%) in Dai from Xishuangbanna, followed by Dulong (19.1%). CONCLUSION: Thalasaemia carrier rates were high among the children of 10 minority ethnic groups in Yunnan. There were regional differences in their incidences. The results provide a valuable basis for thalasaemia prevention in Yunnan minorities in the three border states.


Assuntos
Grupos Minoritários , Talassemia/etnologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Hemoglobinas Anormais/genética , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Prevalência , Talassemia/genética , Talassemia alfa/epidemiologia , Talassemia alfa/genética , Talassemia beta/epidemiologia , Talassemia beta/genética
6.
World J Gastroenterol ; 17(28): 3342-6, 2011 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21876623

RESUMO

AIM: To clarify the usefulness of the self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) in the management of acute proximal colon obstruction due to colon carcinoma before curative surgery. METHODS: Eighty-one colon (proximal to spleen flex) carcinoma patients (47 males and 34 females, aged 18-94 years, mean = 66.2 years) treated between September 2004 and June 2010 for acute colon obstruction were enrolled to this study, and their clinical and radiological features were reviewed. After a cleaning enema was administered, urgent colonoscopy was performed. Subsequently, endoscopic decompression using SEMS placement was attempted. RESULTS: Endoscopic decompression using SEMS placement was technically successful in 78 (96.3%) of 81 patients. Three patients' symptoms could not be relieved after SEMS placement and emergent operation was performed 1 d later. The site of obstruction was transverse colon in 18 patients, the hepatic flex in 42, and the ascending colon in 21. Following adequate cleansing of the colon, patients' abdominal girth was decreased from 88 ± 3 cm before drainage to 72 ± 6 cm 7 d later, and one-stage surgery after 8 ± 1 d (range, 7-10 d) was performed. No anastomotic leakage or postoperative stenosis occurred after operation. CONCLUSION: SEMS placement is effective and safe in the management of acute proximal colon obstruction due to colon carcinoma, and is considered as a bridged method before curative surgery.


Assuntos
Colo/patologia , Colo/cirurgia , Drenagem/métodos , Obstrução Intestinal/cirurgia , Stents , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias do Colo/complicações , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Colonoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Obstrução Intestinal/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 32(4): 352-6, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21569665

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence rate of thalassemia among children of 0 - 7 years old, from six ethnic groups in Xishuangbanna and Dehong, Yunnan province. METHODS: 4973 blood samples from children under 7 years old were automatically undergone blood cell count, red cell osmotic fragility and hemoglobin electrophoresis testings. RESULTS: The incidence rates of thalassaemia, ß-thalassemia was 37.4%, and α-thalassaemia were 22.6% and 14.7% respectively. The thalassaemia incidence rates were significantly different among age groups but not in gender. The incidence of α-thalassaemia was decreasing along with the increase of age, while the incidence of ß-thalassaemia was increasing along with the increase of age. Xishuangbanna had the higher incidence than in Dehong and the differences were significant between counties, The incidence of thalassemia of Mengla ranked the first (52.2%) in Xishuangbanna, The differences between different regions and different nationalities were significant, with ß-thalassemia of Achang ranked the first (40.6%), The incidence of α-thalassemia among Han ranked the first as 45.5% while α-thalassaemia and ß-thalassemia were different in regions. α-thalassaemia and ß-thalassemia were significantly different between different ethnic people in the same regions. Multiple factor analysis showed that region seemed to be a risk factor and the mother's ethnicity was a protective factor and dependent variable on thalassaemia. CONCLUSION: The incidence of thalassaemia in Yunnan Xishuangbanna and Dehong was high among children under the age of 7 and were related to ethnic and regional differences in the areas. Specific genes were proliferated along with the extension of time. Our data provided valuable information on prevention and genetic studies on thalassaemia in the minorities of Xishuangbanna and Dehong in Yunnan province.


Assuntos
Talassemia/etnologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino
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