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1.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(2): 843-851, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183415

RESUMO

Due to its high stability and excellent performance, inorganic nanomaterials have attracted much attention in the research of disease diagnosis and treatment. Focusing on inorganic nanomaterials, high-temperature pyrolysis has been used to successfully prepare Fe3O4 nanoparticles with different particle sizes. The diagnosis and treatment of Alzheimer's disease have advanced, and many new diagnostic methods have been adopted clinically. In this paper, Fe3O4 nanoparticle magnetic resonance imaging technology is used to explore the application of magnetic Fe3O4 inorganic nanomaterials in cerebrovascular diseases in vivo. The results show that SWI has higher sensitivity and semi-quantitative advantages than traditional T2WI imaging technology. With different critical SWI concentrations, this article lays the experimental foundation for the clinical progress of inorganic nanomaterials and plays an important role in the treatment of cerebrovascular diseases.

2.
J Sep Sci ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164302

RESUMO

It is critical to investigate the adaptive development and the physiological mechanism of fish in external stimulation. In this study, the response of Barbus capito to salinity-alkalinity exposure was explored by high-throughput nontargeted and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-based metabolomics to investigate metabolic biomarker and pathway changes. Meanwhile, the biochemical indexes of Barbus capito were measured to discover the chronic impairment response to salinity-alkalinity exposures. A total of 29 tissue metabolites were determined to deciphering the endogenous metabolic changes of fishes during the different concentration salinity-alkalinity exposures environment, which were mainly involved in the key metabolism including the phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan biosynthesis, arachidonic acid metabolism, pyruvate metabolism, citrate cycle, and glycerophospholipid metabolism. Finally, we found the amino acid metabolism as key target was associated with the endogenous metabolites and metabolic pathways of Barbus capito to salinity-alkalinity exposures. In conclusion, metabolomics is a potentially powerful tool to reveal the mechanism information of fish in various exposure environments.

3.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33164324

RESUMO

Chronic pain is one of the serious conditions that affect human health and remains cure still remains a serious challenge as the molecular mechanism remains largely unclear. Here, we used label-free proteomics to identify potential target proteins that regulate peripheral inflammatory pain and reveal its mechanism of action. Inflammation in peripheral tissue was induced by injecting complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) into rat hind paw. A proteomic method was adopted to compare the spinal dorsal horn (SDH) in peripheral inflammatory pain (PIP) model rats with controls. Differential proteins were identified in SDH proteome by label-free quantification. The role of screened target proteins in the PIP was verified by small interfering RNA (siRNA). A total of 3072 and 3049 proteins were identified in CFA and normal saline (NS) groups, respectively, and 13 proteins were identified as differentially expressed in the CFA group. One of them, neurexin-2, was validated for its role in the inflammatory pain. Neurexin-2 was up-regulated in the CFA group, which was confirmed by quantitative PCR. Besides, intrathecal siRNA-mediated knock-down of neurexin-2 attenuated CFA-induced mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia and reduced the expression of SDH membrane glutamate receptors (eg mGlu receptor 1, AMPA receptor) and postsynaptic density (eg PSD-95, DLG2). These findings increased the understanding of the role of neurexin-2 in the inflammatory pain, implicating that neurexin-2 acts as a potential regulatory protein of inflammatory pain through affecting synaptic plasticity in the SDH of rats.

4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(45): e22631, 2020 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33157918

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) fusion has been identified to be a driver gene in lung cancer, and serves as important diagnostic and therapeutic targets. Owing to the advanced sequencing technologies, new partner genes of ALK have been constantly detected. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 55-year-old Chinese woman went to our hospital because of cough and expectoration for 1 year. The patient had no fever, chest pain and hemoptysis. DIAGNOSES: She was diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma. Because she had no operational condition, combination chemotherapy with docetaxel and cisplatin (CP) for 4 cycles was adopted. However, computed tomography (CT) scan indicated progression disease (PD). To explore possibility of targeted therapy, the tumor samples were subjected to next-generation sequencing (NGS), and a rare double ALK fusion variant EML4-ALK and CDK15-ALK was identified. INTERVENTIONS AND OUTCOMES: The patient subsequently received crizotinib treatment, and achieved partial response (PR). No significant drug related adverse reactions were found during crizotinib treatment. The progression-free survival achieved 23 months. LESSONS: Together, we identified a rare double ALK fusion variant, EML4-ALK and CDK15-ALK, in a patient with lung adenocarcinoma. The patient benefited from crizotinib treatment, which could provide a certain reference for the patients with such gene alteration.

6.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33109952

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations in high temperature requirement serine peptidase A1 (HTRA1) gene are responsible for cerebral autosomal recessive arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CARASIL). Recently, increasing evidence has shown that heterozygous HTRA1 mutations are also associated with cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. This study was aimed to analyze the genetic and clinical characteristics of HTRA1-related autosomal dominant CSVD. METHODS: We presented three new Chinese cases of familial CSVD with heterozygous HTRA1 mutations and reviewed all clinical case reports and articles on HTRA1-related autosomal dominant CSVD included in PUBMED by the end of March 1, 2020. CARASIL probands with genetic diagnosis reported to date were also reviewed. The genetic and clinical characteristics of HTRA1-related autosomal dominant CSVD were summarized and analyzed by comparing with CARASIL. RESULTS: Forty-four HTRA1-related autosomal dominant CSVD probands and 22 CARASIL probands were included. Compared with typical CARASIL, HTRA1-related autosomal dominant probands has a higher proportion of vascular risk factors (P < 0.001), a later onset age (P < 0.001), and a relatively slower clinical progression. Alopecia and spondylosis can be observed, but less than those in the typical CARASIL. Thirty-five heterozygous mutations in HTRA1 were reported, most of which were missense mutations. Amino acids located close to amino acids 250-300 were most frequently affected, followed by these located near 150∼200. While amino acids 250∼300 were also the most frequently affected region in CARASIL patients, fewer mutations precede the 200th amino acids were detected, especially in the Kazal-type serine protease domain. CONCLUSIONS: HTRA1-related autosomal dominant CSVD is present as a mild phenotype of CARASIL. The trend of regional concentration of mutation sites may be related to the concentration of key sites in these regions which are responsible for pathogenesis of HTRA1-related autosomal dominant CSVD.

7.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33111502

RESUMO

As a cis-acting non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocker through a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR), cisatracurium (CAC) is widely used in anaesthesia and intensive care units. nAChR may be present on Leydig cells to mediate the action of CAC. Here, by Western blotting, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence, we identified that CHRNA4 (a subunit of nAChR) exists only on rat adult Leydig cells. We studied the effect of CAC on the synthesis of testosterone in rat adult Leydig cells and mouse MLTC-1 tumour cells. Rat Leydig cells and MLTC-1 cells were treated with CAC (5, 10 and 50 µmol/L) or nAChR agonists (50 µmol/L nicotine or 50 µmol/L lobeline) for 12 hours, respectively. We found that CAC significantly increased testosterone output in rat Leydig cells and mouse MLTC-1 cells at 5 µmol/L and higher concentrations. However, nicotine and lobeline inhibited testosterone synthesis. CAC increased intracellular cAMP levels, and nicotine and lobeline reversed this change in rat Leydig cells. CAC may increase testosterone synthesis in rat Leydig cells and mouse MLTC-1 cells by up-regulating the expression of Lhcgr and Star. Up-regulation of Scarb1 and Hsd3b1 expression by CAC was also observed in rat Leydig cells. In addition to cAMP signal transduction, CAC can induce ERK1/2 phosphorylation in rat Leydig cells. In conclusion, CAC binds to nAChR on Leydig cells, and activates cAMP and ERK1/2 phosphorylation, thereby up-regulating the expression of key genes and proteins in the steroidogenic cascade, resulting in increased testosterone synthesis in Leydig cells.

8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 18369, 2020 10 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33110225

RESUMO

Motor impairment is common in the elderly population. Disrupted white matter tracts and the resultant loss of connectivity between cortical regions play an essential role in motor control. Using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), we investigated the effect of white matter microstructure on upper-extremity and lower-extremity motor function in a community-based sample. A total of 766 participants (57.3 ± 9.2 years) completed the assessment of motor performance, including 3-m walking speed, 5-repeat chair-stand time, 10-repeat hand pronation-supination time, and 10-repeat finger-tapping time. Fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), and structural network connectivity parameters were calculated based on DTI. Lower FA and higher MD were associated with poor performance in walking, chair-stand, hand pronation-supination, and finger-tapping tests, independent of the presence of lacunes, white matter hyperintensities volume, and brain atrophy. Reduced network density, network strength, and global efficiency related to slower hand pronation-supination and finger-tapping, but not related to walking speed and chair-stand time. Disrupted white matter integrity and reduced cerebral network connectivity were associated with poor motor performance. Diffusion-based methods provide a more in-depth insight into the neural basis of motor dysfunction.

9.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; 49(5): 522-530, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To compare the risk factors and risk of stroke between lacune and large perivascular spaces (PVSs) in a community-based sample. METHODS: Large PVSs were assessed using 3.0T MRI in a population-based cohort consisting of 1,204 participants. The relationship between cardiovascular risk factors, neuroimaging changes, and incidental stroke risk and the presence of lacune or large PVSs was assessed with univariate and multivariable ordinal logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Of the 1,204 study participants (55.7 ± 9.3 years, 37.0% men), a total of 347 large PVSs were detected in 235 (19.5%) subjects, while a total of 219 lacunes were detected in 183 subjects (15.2%). The presence of lacunes was found to be significantly associated with age, male gender, hypertension, and diabetes, whereas only age (p < 0.01) and ApoEε4 carrier status (p < 0.01) were related to the presence of large PVSs. Those who had lacunes detected on MRI at baseline had a significant increased risk of stroke (hazard ratio [HR] 4.68; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.15-19.07) during the 3-year follow-up independent of age, gender, and other vascular risk factors. However, there was no significant relationship between the presence of large PVSs and incident stroke (HR 3.84; 95% CI, 0.82-18.04). CONCLUSIONS: The lack of association between large PVSs and cardiovascular risk factors or risk of stroke indicated a nonvascular pathogenic mechanism underlying large PVSs, suggesting the importance of distinguishing large PVSs from lacunes in clinical practice.

10.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(11): 105274, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066887

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is not rare in women of childbearing age. Chinese couples have been encouraged to have two children by the new family-planning policy. Concerns have been raised about the effect of CVT on subsequent pregnancies, but few studies have focused on the Chinese population. We aimed to analyze the clinical features of Chinese female CVT patients of childbearing age and study the outcome of their subsequent pregnancies after CVT. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of female patients at fertile age (15-45 years) diagnosed with CVT in our hospital between January 2009 and January 2019. Information on recurrence of venous thrombotic events as well as obstetrical outcomes of subsequent pregnancies was obtained and evaluated during follow-up. RESULTS: A total of 72 patients were enrolled, mean age at CVT onset was 29.4 ± 7.9 years. The main risk factors included autoimmune system disease (27.8%), pregnancy or puerperium (12.5%), and inherited thrombophilia (11.1%). Furthermore, 58 patients were followed up for a mean time of 63.1 ± 31.4 months and 17 new pregnancies occurred in 13 women. Among the 17 pregnancies, one CVT (5.9%) recurred in a patient with antiphospholipid syndrome. Overall, 10 (58.8%) pregnancies resulted in the birth of healthy children, including 8 full-term and 2 preterm births; 7 were terminated, including 3 (17.6%) spontaneous abortions. All patients with spontaneous abortions had antiphospholipid syndrome or Behcet's disease. CONCLUSIONS: Autoimmune system disease was the most common risk factor in Chinese female CVT patients. Recurrent pregnancy-associated CVT was infrequent in women with prior CVT, but attention should be paid during subsequent pregnancies.

11.
J Med Entomol ; 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073846

RESUMO

During the transformation of immature aquatic dipteran insects to terrestrial adults, the prothoracic pupal respiratory organ enables pupae to cope with flood-drought alternating environments. Despite its obvious importance, the biology of the organ, including its development, is poorly understood. In this study, the developing gills of several Simulium Latreille (Diptera: Simuliidae) spp. were observed using serial histological sections and compared with data on those of other dipteran families published previously. The formation of some enigmatic features that made the Simulium gill unique is detailed. Through comparisons between taxa, we describe a common developmental pattern in which the prothoracic dorsal disc cells not only morph into the protruding respiratory organ, which is partially or entirely covered with a cuticle layer of plastron, but also invaginate to form a multipart internal chamber that in part gives rise to the anterior spiracle of adult flies. The gill disc resembles wing and leg discs and undergoes cell proliferation, axial outgrowth, and cuticle sheath formation. The overall appendage-like characteristics of the dipteran pupal respiratory organ suggest an ancestral form that gave rise to its current forms, which added more dimensions to the ways that arthropods evolved through appendage adaptation. Our observations provide important background from which further studies into the evolution of the respiratory organ across Diptera can be carried out.

12.
BMC Med Genomics ; 13(1): 138, 2020 09 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drug resistance is a major obstacle to effective cancer therapy. In order to detect the change in tumor genomic states under drug selection pressure, we use next-generation sequencing technology to investigate the underlying potential mechanisms of drug resistance. METHODS: In our study, we presented a bladder cancer patient who had been a bona fide responder to first-line gemcitabine plus cisplatin regimen and second-line pazopanib (tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) for FGFR3-TACC3 fusion) but finally had disease progression as an ideal case for showing genomic alteration during drug resistance. We applied whole-exome sequencing and ultra-deep target sequencing to the patient pre- and post- pazopanib resistance. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network and Gene Ontology (GO) analyses were used to analysis protein interactions and genomic alterations. Patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model was built to test drug sensitivity. RESULTS: Twelve mutations scattered in 12 genes were identified by WES pre- pazopanib resistance, while 63 mutations in 50 genes arose post- pazopanib resistance. PPI network showed proteins from multiple epigenetic regulator families were involved post- pazopanib resistance, including subunits of chromatin remodeler SWI/SNF complex ARID1A/1B and SMARCA4, histone acetylation writers CREBBP, histone methylation writer NSD1 and erasers KDM6A/5A. GO enrichment analysis showed pazopanib resistance genes were prominently tagged for chromatin modification, transcription, as well as gland development, leaving genes with the best adaptive FGFR TKI-coping mechanisms. In addition, significantly elevated tumor mutational burden suggested possible utility of immunotherapy. Intriguingly, PDX model suggested that, sensitivity to original chemotherapy regimen (cisplatin) was restored in patient tumor post-pazopanib. CONCLUSIONS: Epigenetic regulation may play a role in acquired TKI resistance. Our study traced the complete tumor genomic variation course from chemo-resistant but TKI-sensitive to TKI-resistant but chemo-(re) sensitive, revealing the potential complex dynamic drug-driven mechanisms of resistance.

13.
Transplantation ; 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocyte transplantation has been extensively investigated as an alternative to orthotopic liver transplantation. However, its application in routine clinical practice has been restricted because of low initial engraftment and subsequent repopulation. METHODS: Using mice as a model, we have developed a minimally invasive and nontoxic pre-conditioning strategy based on pre-administration of antibodies against hepsin to increase donor hepatocyte retention and engraftment rate. RESULTS: Liver sinusoid diameters decreased significantly with anti-hepsin pretreatment, and graft cell numbers increased nearly twofold in the recipients' liver parenchyma for 20 days after hepatocyte transplantation. Postoperative complications such as hepatic ischemia injury or apparent immune cell accumulation were not observed in recipients. In a hemophilia B mouse model, anti-hepsin pre-conditioning enhanced the expression and clotting activity of coagulation factor IX (FIX) to nearly twofold that of IgG-treated controls and maintained higher plasma FIX clotting activity relative to the prophylactic range for 50 days after hepatocyte transplantation. Anti-hepsin pretreatment combined with adeno-associated virus-transduced donor hepatocytes expressing human FIX, a hyperfunctional FIX variant, resulted in plasma FIX levels similar to those associated with mild hemophilia, which protected hemophilia B mice from major bleeding episodes for 50 days after transplantation. Furthermore, anti-hepsin pretreatment and repeated transplantation resulted in extending the therapeutic period by 30 days relative to the IgG control. CONCLUSIONS: Thus this anti-hepsin strategy improved the therapeutic effect of hepatocyte transplantation in mice with tremendous safety and minimal invasion. Taken together, we suggest that pre-conditioning with anti-hepsin may have clinical applications for liver cell therapy.

14.
Biomaterials ; 261: 120304, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882528

RESUMO

Spherical and porous nanoparticles are ideal nanostructures for drug delivery. But currently they are mainly composed of non-degradable inorganic materials, which hinder clinical applications. Here, biological porous nanospheres using RNA as the building blocks and cyclodextrin as the adhesive were synthesized. The RNA contained the aptamer of EpCAM for targeting delivery and siRNA for gene silencing of EpCAM, while cyclodextrin could load insoluble sorafenib, the core drug of targeted therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), through its hydrophobic cavity. After being internalized into targeted HCC cells under the assistance of the aptamer, the porous nanospheres could be degraded by the cytoplasmic Dicer enzymes, releasing siRNA and sorafenib for synergistic therapy. The synergistic efficacy of the porous RNA nanospheres has been validated at in vitro function assay, subcutaneous tumor bearing mice, and orthotopic tumor bearing mice in vivo models. In view of the broad prospects of synergy of gene therapy with chemotherapy, and the fact that RNA and cyclodextrin of the porous nanospheres can be extended to load various types of siRNA and small molecule drugs, respectively, this form of biological porous nanospheres offers opportunities for targeted delivery of suitable drugs for treatment of specific tumors.

15.
BMC Med Educ ; 20(1): 336, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Communication skill is a core competency in neurology residency training. Specific training in this area at the residency level is often lacking, especially regarding difficult conversations. The aim of this study is to evaluate the current state in teaching residents about difficult conversations in 5 Chinese accredited neurology residency training programs and determine whether there is a perceived need for a formalized curriculum in this field. METHODS: An anonymous, 27-question, cross-sectional online survey addressing difficult conversations for neurological residents were distributed to five grade-A, class-3 hospitals selected from the affiliated teaching hospitals of medical schools qualified to provide neurology residency training in China. RESULTS: A total of 182 residents responded to the survey, and the response rate was 67.16% (182/271). Of the participants, 84.6% were female and the average age was 26.8 years. The majority of respondent residents (n = 168; 92.31%) reported being exposed to at least one difficult conversation in their medical careers. Only 43 (23.63%) participants reported having previously received formal communication skills training. In comparison with residents without previous training, those with previous training indicated significantly more confidence (P = 0.003) and were under lower pressure (P = 0.037) in managing difficult conversations. Only 97 (53.3%) residents indicated interest in receiving formal training. Time, lack of enthusiasm, lack of educational materials and faculty expertise were commonly cited barriers to formalized training. CONCLUSION: This survey provides a preliminary assessment of the current status of education on the topic of difficult conversations in five accredited Chinese neurology residency training programs. Our results suggest that there is an unmet need to further develop and implement educational activities by teaching residents to lead difficult conversations. Future efforts should be made to establish and promote a standard and targeted communication curriculum in difficult conversation for Chinese neurological residents.

16.
Am J Surg ; 2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951853

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prealbumin is a more sensitive serum biomarker in reflecting liver function and nutritional status than albumin, because of its shorter half-life and its characteristics that could hardly be affected by supplemental venous infusion of albumin or blood transfusion. This study aimed to identify whether preoperative prealbumin level was associated with postoperative mortality and morbidity after hepatic resection for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: From a Chinese multicenter database, patients who underwent hepatic resection for HCC were divided into the low and normal prealbumin groups by using 17 mg/dL as the cut-off level for serum prealbumin taken within a week before surgery. Using univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses, independent predictors associated with postoperative 30-day and 90-day mortality, 30-day overall and major morbidity, and postoperative hepatic insufficiency were identified. RESULTS: Among 1356 patients, 409 (30.2%) had a low preoperative prealbumin level. Postoperative 30-day and 90-day mortality, and 30-day overall and major morbidity in the low prealbumin group were significantly higher than the normal prealbumin group (2.9% vs. 0.5%, 5.1% vs. 1.5%, 35.7% vs. 18.4%, and 14.4% vs. 6.5%, respectively, all P < 0.001). Multivariable analyses identified that preoperative prealbumin level, but not albumin level, was independently associated with postoperative 30-day mortality (OR: 3.486, 95% CI: 1.184-10.265), 90-day mortality (2.504, 1.219-5.145), 30-day overall morbidity (1.727, 1.302-2.292), 30-day major morbidity (1.770, 1.155-2.711) and postoperative hepatic insufficiency (1.967, 1.119-3.427). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative prealbumin level could be used to predict postoperative morbidity and mortality for patients treated with hepatic resection for HCC.

17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(39): 11026-11037, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32902975

RESUMO

Tea plants adjust development and metabolism by integrating environmental and endogenous signals in complex but poorly defined gene networks. Here, we present an integrative analysis framework for the identification of conserved modules controlling important agronomic traits using a comprehensive collection of RNA-seq datasets in Camellia plants including 189 samples. In total, 212 secondary metabolism-, 182 stress response-, and 182 tissue development-related coexpressed modules were revealed. Functional modules (e.g., drought response, theobromine biosynthesis, and new shoot development-related modules) and potential regulators that were highly conserved across diverse genetic backgrounds and/or environmental conditions were then identified by cross-experiment comparisons and consensus clustering. Moreover, we investigate the preservation of gene networks between Camellia sinensis and other Camellia species. This revealed that the coexpression patterns of several recently evolved modules related to secondary metabolism and environmental adaptation were rewired and showed higher connectivity in tea plants. These conserved modules are excellent candidates for modeling the core mechanism of tea plant development and secondary metabolism and should serve as a great resource for hypothesis generation and tea quality improvement.

18.
Eye (Lond) ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32994547

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical features, prognostic outcomes of patients with orbital and ocular adnexal lymphoma (OALs) in Taiwanese cohort. METHODS: Total 112 patients with OALs were retrospectively reviewed. Demographic information such as age, gender, lymphoma subtype, tumor location and treatment modalities were recorded. The primary endpoints were disease-specific survival (DSS), and progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: The mean patient age was 59.0 ± 15.5 years (range, 23-92 years). The major histopathologic subtypes were mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma in 76 patients (67.9%), followed by diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) (9.8%), follicular cell lymphoma (FL) (8.0%), and small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) (5.4%). The anatomical locations for OALs were the orbit (44 patients, 39.3%), the conjunctiva (31 patients, 27.7%), the lacrimal gland (28 patients, 25.0%), and the eyelid (8 patients, 7.1%). With a mean follow-up time of 74.5 ± 59.8 months (range 6-342 months), the DSS for all patients were 93.1%, 87.7%, and 68.8% at 60, 120, and 180 months' follow-up, respectively. The PFS at 60, 120, and 180 months' follow-up were 86.2%, 61.2%, and 44.6%, respectively. Regarding the analysis of prognostic factors, patients with high grade lymphoma subtype and advanced stage exhibited a worse prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: MALT type lymphoma constitutes most of OALs in Taiwan and occurs more frequently than in Western countries. Patients with MALT lymphoma, FL, SLL and earlier stage have favorable outcomes compared with patients of high grade lymphoma and Ann Arbor stage IV lymphoma.

20.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(9): 105087, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Stroke at a young age is a societal challenge with a rising incidence. Our aim was to investigate sex differences in risk factors, etiology, and diagnostic process of ischemic stroke in Chinese young adults. METHODS: We retrospectively recruited 411 consecutive patients with first-ever ischemic stroke who were 18 to 50 years of age (mean age, 38.2 ± 8.1 years, women 31.4%), admitted to Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2007 to 2018. Sex differences in demographics, risk factors, etiology, and diagnostic testing were analyzed. RESULTS: Females were significantly younger than males (36.9 versus 38.7 years, P<0.05). Hypertension (43.0%), smoking (41.1%), hyperlipidemia (37.2%), and hyperhomocysteinemia (27.9%) were common risk factors, statistically higher among males than females (P<0.05). Stroke etiology showed a significant sex difference that large-artery atherosclerosis and small-vessel diseases were more common among males than females (48.6% versus 19.4%, P<0.001; 9.9% versus 3.1%, P<0.05, respectively). Stroke of other determined etiology was more common among females (50.4% versus 19.1%, P<0.001). Relevant abnormality rates were higher among females on screening for autoimmune diseases and thrombophilia (23.3% versus 11.1%, P<0.05 and 50.0% versus 16.7%, P<0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: A high rate of the traditional stroke risk factors and etiological subtype of large artery atherosclerosis in males were found, as well as prominent sex differences in relevant diagnostic testing abnormality rates, providing useful information for developing sex-specific strategies in stroke evaluation and prevention in young adults.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Pequim/epidemiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Adulto Jovem
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