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1.
Bipolar Disord ; 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, functional homotopy (FH) architecture, defined as robust functional connectivity (FC) between homotopic regions, has been frequently reported to be altered in MDD patients (MDDs) but with divergent locations. METHODS: In this study, we obtained resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (R-fMRI) data from 1004 MDDs (mean age, 33.88 years; age range, 18-60 years) and 898 matched healthy controls (HCs) from an aggregated dataset from 20 centers in China. We focused on interhemispheric function integration in MDDs and its correlation with clinical characteristics using voxel-mirrored homotopic connectivity (VMHC) devised to inquire about FH patterns. RESULTS: As compared with HCs, MDDs showed decreased VMHC in visual, motor, somatosensory, limbic, angular gyrus, and cerebellum, particularly in posterior cingulate gyrus/precuneus (PCC/PCu) (false discovery rate [FDR] q < .002, z =-7.07). Further analysis observed that the reduction in SMG and insula was more prominent with age, of which SMG reflected such age-related change in males instead of females. Besides, the reduction of MTG was found to be a male-special abnormal pattern in MDDs. VMHC alterations were markedly related to episode type and illness severity. The higher Hamilton Depression Rating Scale score, the more apparent VMHC reduction in the primary visual cortex. First-episode MDDs revealed stronger VMHC reduction in PCu relative to recurrent MDDs. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed a significant VMHC reduction in MDDs in broad areas, especially in PCC/PCu. This reduction was affected by gender, age, episode type, and illness severity. These findings suggest that the depressive brain tends to disconnect information exchange across hemispheres.

2.
J Transl Med ; 19(1): 415, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34620163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint blockades (ICBs) therapy showed limited efficacy in ovarian cancer management. Increasing evidence indicated that conventional and targeted therapies could affect tumor-associated immune responses and increase the effectiveness of immunotherapy. However, the effects of Niraparib, one of the poly (ADP) ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors, on the immune response remains unclear. Delineating the crosstalk between cytotoxic anticancer agents and cancer-associated immunity may lead to more efficient combinatorial strategies. METHODS: Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in human ovarian cancer cells after PARP inhibitors treatment was examined by western blotting (WB) and flow cytometry. The expression of poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP1), PD-L1, and CD8 in human ovarian cancer tissues was detected by immunohistochemistry(IHC). The effect of Niraparib and PD-L1 blockade in ovarian cancer progression was investigated in vivo. The changes of immune cells and cytokines in vitro and in vivo were detected by flow cytometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Changes of cGAS/STING signal pathway after Niraparib treatment were determined by WB, ELISA. RESULTS: Niraparib upregulated membrane PD-L1 and total PD-L1 expression in ovarian cancer cells and had a synergistic effect with PD-L1 blockade in vivo. In clinical patient samples, Niraparib augmented cytotoxic CD8+T cell proportion and function. In vivo and vitro, Niraparib can also increase the proportion of T cells and combined with PD-L1 blockade could further enhance the effect. Besides, Niraparib activated the cGAS-STING pathway, increasing the levels of cytokines such as CCL5 and CXCL10, which played a vital role in augmenting the infiltration and activation of cytotoxic T cells. CONCLUSIONS: Niraparib could modulate the immune response via the activation of the cGAS/STING pathway, and combination with PD-L1 blockade could further enhance the effect. These results provide a sound theoretical basis for clinical treatment.

3.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(10): 4727-4738, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581115

RESUMO

Shengjin Lake, which serves as an important National Nature Reserve, is suffering from chemical pollution due to rapid industrial and agricultural development in the circumjacent basin. Therefore, 168 anthropogenic toxic chemicals were determined to examine their spatial distribution and identify priority pollutants using a ranking system based on occurrence(O), persistence(P), bioaccumulation(B), ecological risk(E), and human health risk(H). Ecosystem and human health risks were also assessed. The spatial distribution of pollutants indicated that higher concentrations occur in the upper lake area compared to the middle and lower lake areas because of Jiang Dam. According to the derived priority pollutant list, phthalate esters(PAEs), organochlorine pesticides(OCPs), and heavy metals(HMs) are high-priority pollutants; polychlorinated biphenyls(PCBs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs), and volatile organic compounds(VOCs) are medium-priority pollutants; and antibiotics(ANTs) are low-priority pollutants. The ecology risk quotient(RQ) of the high-priority pollutants ranged from 4.3 to 15.9, indicating severe ecology risk to the aquatic organism, and higher risks were found in the upper lake areas. Additionally, the human health risk assessment revealed negligible carcinogenic risks associated with high-priority pollutants. The comprehensive ranking system established in this study can be applied to other lake basins by altering the measured concentrations to screen for priority pollutants, offering a scientific foundation for identifying priority control pollutants for watershed management.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Hidrocarbonetos Clorados/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Medição de Risco , Água , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34338775

RESUMO

Social-information processing is important for successful romantic relationships and protecting against depression, and depends on functional connectivity (FC) within and between large-scale networks. Functional architecture evident at rest is adaptively reconfigured during task and there were two possible associations between brain reconfiguration and behavioral performance during neurocognitive tasks (efficiency effect and distraction-based effect). This study examined relationships between brain reconfiguration during social-information processing and relationship-specific and more general social outcomes in marriage. Resting-state FC was compared with FC during social-information processing (watching relationship-specific and general emotional stimuli) of 29 heterosexual couples, and the FC similarity (reconfiguration efficiency) was examined in relation to marital quality and depression 13 months later. The results indicated wives' reconfiguration efficiency (globally and in visual association network) during relationship-specific stimuli processing was related to their own marital quality. Higher reconfiguration efficiency (globally and in medial frontal, frontal-parietal, default mode, motor/sensory and salience networks) in wives during general emotional stimuli processing was related to their lower depression. These findings suggest efficiency effects on social outcomes during social cognition, especially among married women. The efficiency effects on relationship-specific and more general outcome are respectively higher during relationship-specific stimuli or general emotional stimuli processing.

5.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(7): 610-5, 2021 Jul 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369683

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of tiaoren tongdu acupuncture method (for regulating the function of the Conception Vessel and promoting the circulation of the Governor Vessel) on fractional anisotropy (FA) and upper-extremity motor function after cerebral infarction by diffusion densor imaging (DTI) technology. METHODS: The patients with cerebral infarction were divided into an acupuncture group and a control group according to the random number table method, 27 cases in each group. In the control group, the basic treatment with conventional medication was used. In the acupuncture group, on the basic treatment as the control group, the tiaoren tongdu acupuncture method was provided. Main acupoints included Baihui (GV20), Shuigou(GV26), Chengjiang(CV24), Guanyuan(CV4), Qihai (CV6), Zhongwan (CV12), Shenting(GV24) and Mingmen(GV4). Supplementary points included Jianyu(LI15), Chize(LU5), Houxi (SI3), Weizhong (BL40), Zusanli (ST36) and Taichong (LR3) on the affected side. The needles were retained for 30 min. Acupuncture was given once a day, at the interval of 1 days every week, consecutively for 4 weeks. The upper extremity Fugl-Meyer assessment (UE-FMA) was used to evaluate the motor function of upper extremity before and after treatment. DTI was adopted to observe the FA values of infarct focus, posterior limb of internal capsule (PLIC) and cerebral peduncle on the affected side, as well as FA values at the corresponding parts on the healthy side in the patients of two groups. The relative differences (rFA) were calculated. RESULTS: Compared with their own pretreatment, the UE-FMA value was significantly higher after treatment in either of two groups separately (P<0.05 in the control group, P<0.01 in the acupuncture group). The difference of UE-FMA before and after treatment in the acupuncture group was larger than that in the control group (P<0.05). The FA and rFA values in infarct focus were higher than those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05). The FA and rFA differences before and after treatment in the infarct focus and PLIC on the affected side were higher in the acupuncture group as compared with the control group (P<0.05). The UE-FMA difference was positively correlated with the rFA difference of each part in either group (P<0.05), and the correlation was the strongest in PLIC on the affected side in either group (P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Tiaoren tongdu acupuncture significantly improves the upper limb movement function after cerebral infarction. The rFA value of PLIC combined with UE-FMA can be used to evaluate the therapeutic effect of acupuncture on the upper extremity movement after cerebral infarction.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Pontos de Acupuntura , Anisotropia , Infarto Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto Cerebral/terapia , Humanos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Extremidade Superior
6.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 596, 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353280

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The eating and cooking qualities (ECQs) of rice (Oryza sativa L.) are key characteristics affecting variety adoption and market value. Starch viscosity profiles tested by a rapid visco analyzer (RVA) offer a direct measure of ECQs and represent the changes in viscosity associated with starch gelatinization. RVA profiles of rice are controlled by a complex genetic system and are also affected by the environment. Although Waxy (Wx) is the major gene controlling amylose content (AC) and ECQs, there are still other unknown genetic factors that affect ECQs. RESULTS: Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for starch paste viscosity in rice were analyzed using chromosome segment substitution lines (CSSLs) developed from the two cultivars 9311 and Nipponbare, which have same Wx-b allele. Thus, the effect of the major locus Wx was eliminated and the other locus associated with the RVA profile could be identified. QTLs for seven parameters of the starch RVA profile were tested over four years in Nanjing, China. A total of 310 QTLs were identified (from 1 to 55 QTLs per trait) and 136 QTLs were identified in more than one year. Among them, 6 QTLs were stalely detected in four years and 26 QTLs were detected in at least three years including 13 pleiotropic loci, controlling 2 to 6 RVA properties simultaneously. These stable QTL hotspots were co-located with several known starch synthesis-related genes (SSRGs). Sequence alignments showed that nucleotide and amino acid sequences of most SSRGs were different between the two parents. Finally, we detected stable QTLs associated with multiple starch viscosity traits near Wx itself, supporting the notion that additional QTLs near Wx control multiple characteristic values of starch viscosity. CONCLUSIONS: By eliminating the contribution from the major locus Wx, multiple QTLs associated with the RVA profile of rice were identified, several of which were stably detected over four years. The complexity of the genetic basis of rice starch viscosity traits might be due to their pleiotropic effects and the multiple QTL hot spots. Minor QTLs controlling starch viscosity traits were identified by using the chromosome segment substitution strategy. Allele polymorphism might be the reason that QTLs controlling RVA profile characteristics were detected in some known SSRG regions.


Assuntos
Oryza , Amido/química , Alelos , Cromossomos , Oryza/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Viscosidade
7.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(3): 481-487, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238427

RESUMO

In addition to acute respiratory symptoms,coronavirus disease 2019(COVID-19)could cause olfactory dysfunction,which becomes the only clinical manifestation of COVID-19 in some cases.We review the epidemiological characteristics,pathological mechanism,screening value,treatment and prognosis of olfactory dysfunction in patients with COVID-19,aiming to achieve an in-depth understanding of the early diagnosis,quarantine,scientific treatment and prognosis of COVID-19.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtornos do Olfato , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Transtornos do Olfato/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Olfato/etiologia , SARS-CoV-2 , Olfato
8.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(24): 3609-3629, 2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34239273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota and its metabolites may be involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. Several clinical studies have recently shown that patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) have altered profiles of fecal bile acids (BAs). It was observed that BA receptors Takeda G-protein-coupled receptor 5 (TGR5) and vitamin D receptor (VDR) participate in intestinal inflammatory responses by regulating NF-ĸB signaling. We hypothesized that altered profiles of fecal BAs might be correlated with gut microbiota and inflammatory responses in patients with UC. AIM: To investigate the changes in fecal BAs and analyze the relationship of BAs with gut microbiota and inflammation in patients with UC. METHODS: The present study used 16S rDNA sequencing technology to detect the differences in the intestinal flora between UC patients and healthy controls (HCs). Fecal BAs were measured by targeted metabolomics approaches. Mucosal TGR5 and VDR expression was analyzed using immunohistochemistry, and serum inflammatory cytokine levels were detected by ELISA. RESULTS: Thirty-two UC patients and twenty-three HCs were enrolled in this study. It was found that the diversity of gut microbiota in UC patients was reduced compared with that in HCs. Firmicutes, Clostridium IV, Butyricicoccus, Clostridium XlVa, Faecalibacterium, and Roseburia were significantly decreased in patients with UC (P = 3.75E-05, P = 8.28E-07, P = 0.0002, P = 0.003, P = 0.0003, and P = 0.0004, respectively). Proteobacteria, Escherichia, Enterococcus, Klebsiella, and Streptococcus were significantly enriched in the UC group (P = 2.99E-09, P = 3.63E-05, P = 8.59E-05, P = 0.003, and P = 0.016, respectively). The concentrations of fecal secondary BAs, such as lithocholic acid, deoxycholic acid, glycodeoxycholic acid, glycolithocholic acid, and taurolithocholate, in UC patients were significantly lower than those in HCs (P = 8.1E-08, P = 1.2E-07, P = 3.5E-04, P = 1.9E-03, and P = 1.8E-02, respectively) and were positively correlated with Butyricicoccus, Roseburia, Clostridium IV, Faecalibacterium, and Clostridium XlVb (P < 0.01). The concentrations of primary BAs, such as taurocholic acid, cholic acid, taurochenodeoxycholate, and glycochenodeoxycholate, in UC patients were significantly higher than those in HCs (P = 5.3E-03, P = 4E-02, P = 0.042, and P = 0.045, respectively) and were positively related to Enterococcus, Klebsiella, Streptococcus, Lactobacillus, and pro-inflammatory cytokines (P < 0.01). The expression of TGR5 was significantly elevated in UC patients (0.019 ± 0.013 vs 0.006 ± 0.003, P = 0.0003). VDR expression in colonic mucosal specimens was significantly decreased in UC patients (0.011 ± 0.007 vs 0.016 ± 0.004, P = 0.033). CONCLUSION: Fecal BA profiles are closely related to the gut microbiota and serum inflammatory cytokines. Dysregulation of the gut microbiota and altered constitution of fecal BAs may participate in regulating inflammatory responses via the BA receptors TGR5 and VDR.


Assuntos
Colite Ulcerativa , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , Fezes , Humanos , Intestinos
9.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(20): 2507-2520, 2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34092972

RESUMO

The receptor protein tyrosine kinase RON belongs to the c-MET proto-oncogene family. Research has shown that RON has a role in cancer pathogenesis, which places RON on the frontline of the development of novel cancer therapeutic strategies. Hepatobiliary and pancreatic (HBP) cancers have a poor prognosis, being reported as having higher rates of cancer-related death. Therefore, to combat these malignant diseases, the mechanism underlying the aberrant expression and signaling of RON in HBP cancer pathogenesis, and the development of RON as a drug target for therapeutic intervention should be investigated. Abnormal RON expression and signaling have been identified in HBP cancers, and also act as tumorigenic determinants for HBP cancer malignant behaviors. In addition, RON is emerging as an important mediator of the clinical prognosis of HBP cancers. Thus, not only is RON significant in HBP cancers, but also RON-targeted therapeutics could be developed to treat these cancers, for example, therapeutic monoclonal antibodies and small-molecule inhibitors. Among them, antibody-drug conjugates have become increasingly popular in current research and their potential as novel anti-cancer biotherapeutics will be determined in future clinical trials.


Assuntos
Imunoconjugados , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Glucanos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Transdução de Sinais
10.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 100(10): 1771-1778, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34027996

RESUMO

Ovarian granulosa cell tumor (GCT) is a rare, low-grade malignant tumor that accounts for 70% of the sex cord-stromal tumors. It has two histopathologic types with different clinical and biologic features: adult GCT and juvenile GCT. Most women diagnosed with the adult GCT have a favorable prognosis, with a 5-year survival rate of 97%-98%, but adult GCT has a feature of late relapse; the recurrence time could be more than 20 years after diagnosis. Juvenile GCT has a survival rate of 97% in stage I and a 5-year survival rate of 0%-22% in advanced stage with earlier recurrence than adult GCT. Consequently, the scenario emphasizes the need for early diagnosis, standardized treatment protocols, and long-term follow up. However, there is a lack of consensus regarding accurate diagnosis of GCT and adjuvant treatment. Furthermore, GCT tends to occur in young women, which emphasizes the viability of fertility-sparing surgery. The current review performed a systematic literature review of 60 articles to summarize the latest advances in GCT, with an emphasis on the molecular pathogenesis and survival after fertility-sparing surgery. We found that young women with fertility-sparing surgery had a desirable reproductive and survival outcome compared with those undergoing radical surgery.


Assuntos
Preservação da Fertilidade , Tumor de Células da Granulosa/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Feminino , Tumor de Células da Granulosa/mortalidade , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida
11.
Dalton Trans ; 50(21): 7166-7175, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33978009

RESUMO

Volatile aldehydes cause great harm to human health and the living environment, and the detection of aldehydes has attracted much attention from chemists and material scientists. In recent years, as one of the most promising classes of functional materials, luminescent metal-organic frameworks (LMOFs) have bloomed as fluorescent sensors for the detection of aldehydes. Herein, the sensing properties of LMOF sensors toward formaldehyde, benzaldehyde, acetaldehyde and other aldehydes have been reviewed, and the sensing mechanism and applications are also illustrated. Additionally, the current status and its potential development prospects in this field are outlined.

12.
Yi Chuan ; 43(5): 442-458, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972215

RESUMO

In order to develop a variety of japonica rice with good eating quality suitable for planting in Jiangsu Province, the genetic basis of high quality, disease resistance and high yield japonica rice varieties in Jiangsu Province was systematically studied. The relationship among different rice qualities of cooking, nutrition, and eating was studied by association analysis. It was clear that amylose content was the key factor affecting eating quality. The semi waxy rice with amylose content of 10%~14% has bright surface, soft texture, and elasticity, combining the softness of glutinous rice and the elasticity of japonica rice. The cold rice is not hard, and the taste is excellent. It meets the taste requirements of people in Yangtze River Delta region who like to eat soft fragrant japonica rice. The semi waxy japonica rice variety "Kantou 194" with a low expression of amylose content gene Wx mp and an amylose content of about 10% was selected as the core germplasm for improving eating quality. Pyramiding breeding of japonica rice variety with good eating quality, disease resistance and high yield was carried out by examining the development of Wx mp gene molecular markers and the use of closely linked molecular markers with disease resistance and high yield genes. A series of new japonica rice varieties with good taste such as Nanjing 46, Nanjing 5055, Nanjing 9108, and Nanjing 5718, suitable for different rice areas of Jiangsu Province, have been bred and approved by Jiangsu Provincial Variety Approval Committee. The layout of japonica rice varieties with good taste covering different rice areas in Jiangsu Province has been formed. These varieties have been planted with an accumulated area of more than 5.3 million hectares, which has effectively promoted the development of high quality rice industry in Jiangsu Province and its surrounding areas, and made important contributions to the structural adjustment of the supply side of rice industry, improving quality and efficiency, and ensuring food security.


Assuntos
Oryza , Amilose , Marcadores Genéticos , Humanos , Oryza/genética , Melhoramento Vegetal
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(20): e26040, 2021 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34011115

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor-specific DNA methylation can potentially be a useful indicator in cancer diagnostics and monitoring. Sarcomas comprise a heterogeneous group of mesenchymal neoplasms which cause life-threatening tumors occurring throughout the body. Therefore, potential molecular detection and prognostic evaluation is very important for early diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study analyzing DNA methylation of 261 patients with sarcoma from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Cox regression analyses were conducted to identify a signature associated with the overall survival (OS) of patients with sarcoma, which was validated in a validation dataset. RESULTS: Three DNA methylation signatures were identified to be significantly associated with OS. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the 3-DNA methylation signature could significantly distinguish the high- and low-risk patients in both training (first two-thirds) and validation datasets (remaining one-third). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis confirmed that the 3-DNA methylation signature exhibited high sensitivity and specificity in predicting OS of patients. Also, the Kaplan-Meier analysis and the area under curve (AUC) values indicated that the 3-DNA methylation signature was independent of clinical characteristics, including age at diagnosis, sex, anatomic location, tumor residual classification, and histological subtypes. CONCLUSIONS: The current study showed that the 3-DNA methylation model could efficiently function as a novel and independent prognostic biomarker and therapeutic target for patients with sarcoma.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA/fisiologia , Sarcoma/diagnóstico , Sarcoma/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/mortalidade , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 4823, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33649512

RESUMO

Multilocus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) is widely used for genotyping of Bordetella pertussis, the causative bacteria for pertussis. However, MLVA genotyping is losing its discriminate power because prevalence of the epidemic MT27 strain (MLVA-27) is increasing worldwide. To address this, we developed a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping method for MT27 based on multiplexed single-base extension (SBE) assay. A total of 237 MT27 isolates collected in Japan during 1999-2018 were genotyped and classified into ten SNP genotypes (SG1 to SG10) with a Simpson's diversity index (DI) of 0.79 (95% CI 0.76-0.82). Temporal trends showed a marked increase in the genotypic diversity in the 2010s: Simpson's DI was zero in 1999-2004, 0.16 in 2005-2009, 0.83 in 2010-2014, and 0.76 in 2015-2018. This indicates that the SNP genotyping is applicable to the recently circulating MT27 strain. Additionally, almost all outbreak-associated MT27 isolates were classified into the same SNP genotypes for each outbreak. Multiplexed SBE assay allows for rapid and simple genotyping, indicating that the SNP genotyping can potentially be a useful tool for subtyping the B. pertussis MT27 strain in routine surveillance and outbreak investigations.

15.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-10, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33583288

RESUMO

Two novel acylated steroidal sapogenins, 3ß-acetoxy-1α, 2α, 4ß, 5α, 7α-pentahydroxy-spirost-25(27)-en-6-one (1) and (25S)-3α-acetoxy-1α, 2ß, 4α, 5α, 7α-pentahydroxyspirostan-6-one (2), together with two known steroidal sapogenins (3 and 4), were isolated from Rohdea chinensis rhizomes. Their structures were elucidated by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and mass spectrometry (MS) data. In addition, the antifungal activities of the isolated compounds against Penicillium digitatum and Rhizopus stolonifera were evaluated. Compound 2 significantly inhibited R. stolonifera growth, which was comparable to the positive control (sodium benzoate and carbendazim). Compound 4 showed the highest potency to inhibit P. digitatum growth compared to other compounds.

16.
J Affect Disord ; 284: 217-228, 2021 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609956

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Functional specialization is a feature of human brain for understanding the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD). The degree of human specialization refers to within and cross hemispheric interactions. However, most previous studies only focused on interhemispheric connectivity in MDD, and the results varied across studies. Hence, brain functional connectivity asymmetry in MDD should be further studied. METHODS: Resting-state fMRI data of 753 patients with MDD and 451 healthy controls were provided by REST-meta-MDD Project. Twenty-five project contributors preprocessed their data locally with the Data Processing Assistant State fMRI software and shared final indices. The parameter of asymmetry (PAS), a novel voxel-based whole-brain quantitative measure that reflects inter- and intrahemispheric asymmetry, was reported. We also examined the effects of age, sex and clinical variables (including symptom severity, illness duration and three depressive phenotypes). RESULTS: Compared with healthy controls, patients with MDD showed increased PAS scores (decreased hemispheric specialization) in most of the areas of default mode network, control network, attention network and some regions in the cerebellum and visual cortex. Demographic characteristics and clinical variables have significant effects on these abnormalities. LIMITATIONS: Although a large sample size could improve statistical power, future independent efforts are needed to confirm our results. CONCLUSIONS: Our results highlight the idea that many brain networks contribute to broad clinical pathophysiology of MDD, and indicate that a lateralized, efficient and economical brain information processing system is disrupted in MDD. These findings may help comprehensively clarify the pathophysiology of MDD in a new hemispheric specialization perspective.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mapeamento Encefálico , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico por imagem , Dominância Cerebral , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
17.
JAMA Oncol ; 7(3): 361-369, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33443541

RESUMO

Importance: There is no current consensus on the role of chemotherapy in addition to radiation for postoperative adjuvant treatment of patients with early-stage cervical cancer with adverse pathological factors. Objective: To evaluate the clinical benefits of sequential chemoradiation (SCRT) and concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT) compared with radiation alone (RT) as a postoperative adjuvant treatment in early-stage cervical cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: After radical hysterectomy at 1 of 8 participating hospitals in China, patients with FIGO (International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics) stage IB to IIA cervical cancer with adverse pathological factors were randomized 1:1:1 to receive adjuvant RT, CCRT, or SCRT. Data were collected from February 2008 to December 2018. Interventions: Patients received adjuvant RT (total dose, 45-50 Gy), CCRT (weekly cisplatin, 30-40 mg/m2), or SCRT (cisplatin, 60-75 mg/m2, plus paclitaxel, 135-175 mg/m2) in a 21-day cycle, given 2 cycles before and 2 cycles after radiotherapy, respectively. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was the rate of disease-free survival (DFS) at 3 years. Results: A total of 1048 women (median [range] age, 48 [23-65] years) were included in the analysis (350 in the RT group, 345 in the CCRT group, and 353 in the SCRT group). Baseline demographic and disease characteristics were balanced among the treatment groups except that the rate of lymph node involvement was lowest in the RT group (18.3%). In the intention-to-treat population, SCRT was associated with a higher rate of DFS than RT (3-year rate, 90.0% vs 82.0%; hazard ratio [HR], 0.52; 95% CI, 0.35-0.76) and CCRT (90.0% vs 85.0%; HR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.44-0.96). Treatment with SCRT also decreased cancer death risk compared with RT (5-year rate, 92.0% vs 88.0%; HR, 0.58; 95% CI, 0.35-0.95) after adjustment for lymph node involvement. However, neither DFS nor cancer death risk was different among patients treated with CCRT or RT. Conclusions and Relevance: In this randomized clinical trial, conducted in a postoperative adjuvant treatment setting, SCRT, rather than CCRT, resulted in a higher DFS and lower risk of cancer death than RT among women with early-stage cervical cancer. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00806117.

18.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 33(10): 105702, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285534

RESUMO

High-pressure experiments usually expect a hydrostatic condition, in which the physical properties of materials can be easily understood by theoretical simulations. Unfortunately, non-hydrostatic effect is inevitable in experiments due to the solidification of the pressure transmitting media under high pressure. Resultantly, non-hydrostaticity affects the accuracy of the experimental data and sometimes even leads to false phenomena. Since the non-hydrostatic effect is extrinsic, it is quite hard to analyze quantitatively. Here, we have conducted high pressure experiments on the layered BiCuXO (X = S and Se) single crystals and quantitatively analyzed their pronounced non-hydrostatic effect by high throughput first-principles calculations and experimental Raman spectra. Our experiments find that the BiCuXO single crystals sustain the tetragonal structure up to 55 GPa (maximum pressure in our experiment). However, their pressure-dependent Raman shift and electric resistance show anomalous behaviors. Through optimization of thousands of crystal structures in the high throughput first-principles calculations, we have obtained the evolution of the lattice constants under external pressures, which clearly substantiates the non-hydrostatical pressure exerted in BiCuXO crystals. Our work indicates that the high throughput first-principles calculations could be a handy method to investigate the non-hydrostatic effect on the structural and electronic properties of materials in high pressure experiments.

19.
Injury ; 52(6): 1556-1562, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33243524

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the complications of patella fracture after open reduction and internal fixation using our innovative, loop-based modification of the tension band wiring technique and the traditional tension band wiring technique. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with patella fracture (AO/OTA: 34-C) were enrolled in this retrospective case-control study during the study period. We treated 36 patients with the traditional tension band wiring and 22 patients with our loop anchor tension band technique. Lysholm knee scoring scale, sex, numbers of wire dislodge, number of implants removal between two groups were compared. RESULTS: The number of cases of wire dislodgement was zero in the loop anchor tension band group and seven in the traditional tension band group. There was statistically significant difference (P = 0.037). Lysholm knee score (P = 0.685) and operation time (P = 0.395) were not significantly different between the two groups CONCLUSIONS: The loop anchor tension band technique is safe and effective for treating patella fractures. The rates of implant loosening and wire pull-out were significantly lower in the loop anchor tension band group than those in the traditional technique group.


Assuntos
Fraturas Ósseas , Patela , Fios Ortopédicos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Humanos , Patela/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(45): 7153-7172, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33362374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bile acids (BAs) have attracted attention in the research of irritable bowel syndrome with predominant diarrhea (IBS-D) due to their ability to modulate bowel function and their tight connection with the gut microbiota. The composition of the fecal BA pool in IBS-D patients is reportedly different from that in healthy populations. We hypothesized that BAs may participate in the pathogenesis of IBS-D and the altered BA profile may be correlated with the gut microbiome. AIM: To investigate the role of BAs in the pathogenesis of IBS-D and the correlation between fecal BAs and gut microbiota. METHODS: Fifty-five IBS-D patients diagnosed according to the Rome IV criteria and twenty-eight age-, sex-, and body mass index-matched healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled in this study at the gastroenterology department of China-Japan Friendship Hospital. First, clinical manifestations were assessed with standardized questionnaires, and visceral sensitivity was evaluated via the rectal distension test using a high-resolution manometry system. Fecal primary BAs including cholic acid (CA) and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), secondary BAs including deoxycholic acid (DCA), lithocholic acid (LCA), and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) as well as the corresponding tauro- and glyco-BAs were examined by ultraperformance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. The gut microbiota was analyzed using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Correlations between fecal BAs with clinical features and gut microbiota were explored. RESULTS: Fecal CA (IBS-D: 3037.66 [282.82, 6917.47] nmol/g, HC: 20.19 [5.03, 1304.28] nmol/g; P < 0.001) and CDCA (IBS-D: 1721.86 [352.80, 2613.83] nmol/g, HC: 57.16 [13.76, 1639.92] nmol/g; P < 0.001) were significantly increased, while LCA (IBS-D: 1621.65 [58.99, 2396.49] nmol/g, HC: 2339.24 [1737.09, 2782.40]; P = 0.002] and UDCA (IBS-D: 8.92 [2.33, 23.93] nmol/g, HC: 17.21 [8.76, 33.48] nmol/g; P = 0.025) were significantly decreased in IBS-D patients compared to HCs. Defecation frequency was positively associated with CA (r = 0.294, P = 0.030) and CDCA (r = 0.290, P = 0.032) and negatively associated with DCA (r = -0.332, P = 0.013) and LCA (r = -0.326, P = 0.015) in IBS-D patients. In total, 23 of 55 IBS-D patients and 15 of 28 HCs participated in the visceral sensitivity test. The first sensation threshold was negatively correlated with CDCA (r = -0.459, P = 0.028) in IBS-D patients. Furthermore, the relative abundance of the family Ruminococcaceae was significantly decreased in IBS-D patients (P < 0.001), and 12 genera were significantly lower in IBS-D patients than in HCs (P < 0.05), with 6 belonging to Ruminococcaceae. Eleven of these genera were negatively correlated with primary BAs and positively correlated with secondary BAs in all subjects. CONCLUSION: The altered metabolism of BAs in the gut of IBS-D patients was associated with diarrhea and visceral hypersensitivity and might be ascribed to dysbiosis, especially the reduction of genera in Ruminococcaceae.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável , Ácidos e Sais Biliares , China , Diarreia/diagnóstico , Fezes , Humanos , Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/diagnóstico , Japão , RNA Ribossômico 16S
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