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1.
Bioorg Chem ; 116: 105307, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482167

RESUMO

Eight new (1-7 and 15) and 18 known (8-14 and 16-26) phenylpropanoid derivatives were isolated from the fruits of Lycium ruthenicum Murr. (black wolfberry). Their structures were determined by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses, chemical methods, and comparisons of spectroscopic data. Four known compounds (16, 17, 24, and 26) were firstly isolated from the genus Lycium. Interestingly, compounds 1/2 and 4/5 were isolated as two pairs of inseparable anomers owing to the tautomerism of the free hemiacetal at C-1'' in solution. The antioxidant, α-glucosidase inhibitory, and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activities of compounds 1-26 were evaluated. Some compounds possessed DPPH radical scavenging activity, and all compounds (1-26) exhibited different levels of oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC). One compound displayed α-glucosidase inhibitory activity with potency close to that of the positive control (acarbose).

2.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(9): 700-705, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561082

RESUMO

Biotransformation of α-asarone by Alternaria longipes CGMCC 3.2875 yielded two pairs of new neolignans, (+) (7S, 8S, 7'S, 8'R) iso-magnosalicin (1a)/(-) (7R, 8R, 7'R, 8'S) iso-magnosalicin (1b) and (+) (7R, 8R, 7'S, 8'R) magnosalicin (2a)/(-) (7S, 8S, 7'R, 8'S) magnosalicin (2b), and four known metabolites, (±) acoraminol A (3), (±) acoraminol B (4), asaraldehyde (5), and 2, 4, 5-trimethoxybenzoic acid (6). Their structures, including absolute configurations, were determined by extensive analysis of NMR spectra, X-ray crystallography, and quantum chemical ECD calculations. The cytotoxic activity and Aß42 aggregation inhibitory activity of all the compounds were evaluated. Compound 2 displayed significant anti-Aß42 aggregation activity with an inhibitory rate of 60.81% (the positive control EGCG: 69.17%). In addition, the biotransformation pathway of α-asarone by Alternaria longipes CGMCC 3.2875 was proposed.


Assuntos
Alternaria , Lignanas , Derivados de Alilbenzenos , Anisóis , Biotransformação , Estrutura Molecular
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(13): 3410-3421, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396762

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate metabolic activities of psoralidin in human liver microsomes( HLM) and intestinal microsomes( HIM),and to identify cytochrome P450 enzymes( CYPs) and UDP-glucuronosyl transferases( UGTs) involved in psoralidin metabolism as well as species differences in the in vitro metabolism of psoralen. First,after incubation serial of psoralidin solutions with nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate( NADPH) or uridine 5'-diphosphate-glucuronic acid( UDPGA)-supplemented HLM or HIM,two oxidic products( M1 and M2) and two conjugated glucuronides( G1 and G2) were produced in HLM-mediated incubation system,while only M1 and G1 were detected in HIM-supplemented system. The CLintfor M1 in HLM and HIM were 104. 3,and57. 6 µL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1),respectively,while those for G1 were 543. 3,and 75. 9 µL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1),respectively. Furthermore,reaction phenotyping was performed to identify the main contributors to psoralidin metabolism after incubation of psoralidin with NADPH-supplemented twelve CYP isozymes( or UDPGA-supplemented twelve UGT enzymes),respectively. The results showed that CYP1 A1( 39. 5 µL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)),CYP2 C8( 88. 0 µL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)),CYP2 C19( 166. 7 µL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)),and CYP2 D6( 9. 1 µL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)) were identified as the main CYP isoforms for M1,whereas CYP2 C19( 42. 0 µL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)) participated more in producing M2. In addition,UGT1 A1( 1 184. 4 µL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)),UGT1 A7( 922. 8 µL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)),UGT1 A8( 133. 0 µL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)),UGT1 A9( 348. 6 µL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)) and UGT2 B7( 118. 7 µL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)) played important roles in the generation of G1,while UGT1 A9( 111. 3 µL·min~(-1)·mg~(-1)) was regarded as the key UGT isozyme for G2. Moreover,different concentrations of psoralidin were incubated with monkey liver microsomes( MkLM),rat liver microsomes( RLM),mice liver microsomes( MLM),dog liver microsomes( DLM) and mini-pig liver microsomes( MpLM),respectively. The obtained CLintwere used to evaluate the species differences.Phase Ⅰ metabolism and glucuronidation of psoralidinby liver microsomes showed significant species differences. In general,psoralidin underwent efficient hepatic and intestinal metabolisms. CYP1 A1,CYP2 C8,CYP2 C19,CYP2 D6 and UGT1 A1,UGT1 A7,UGT1 A8,UGT1 A9,UGT2 B7 were identified as the main contributors responsible for phase Ⅰ metabolism and glucuronidation,respectively. Rat and mini-pig were considered as the appropriate model animals to investigate phase Ⅰ metabolism and glucuronidation,respectively.


Assuntos
Glucuronosiltransferase , Microssomos Hepáticos , Animais , Benzofuranos , Cumarínicos , Cães , Glucuronídeos , Glucuronosiltransferase/genética , Glucuronosiltransferase/metabolismo , Cinética , Camundongos , Microssomos Hepáticos/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Ratos , Especificidade da Espécie , Suínos , Porco Miniatura/metabolismo
4.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 279: 114396, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34246738

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The overall therapeutic effect of traditional Chinese medicine formulae (TCMF) was achieved by the interactions of multiple components with multiple targets. However, current pharmacology research strategies have struggled to identify effective substance groups and encountered challenges in elucidating the underlying mechanisms of TCMF. AIM: In this study, a comprehensive strategy was proposed and applied to elucidate the interactions of the multiple components that underlie the functions of the famous TCMF: Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao (XLGB) capsule on bone metabolism in vivo and to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the effects of XLGB on bone cells, especially on osteoblasts. METHODS: The efficacy of XLGB in the protection against bones loss in ovariectomized (OVX) rats was confirmed by Micro-CT analysis. The anti-osteoporosis mechanism involved in the systemic regulatory actions of XLGB was elucidated by transcriptome sequencing analysis on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells isolated from OVX rats. Moreover, the components absorbed in XLGB-treated plasma were characterized by mass spectrometry analysis, and subsequently, a standardized preparation process of drug-containing plasma was established. The synergistic osteogenic effect of the multiple components in plasma was investigated by a combination and then knockout of components using pre-osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cells. In order to decipher the underlying mechanism of XLGB, the targets of the absorbed components on bone were predicted by target prediction and network pharmacology analysis, then several interactions were validated by biochemical and cell-based assay. RESULTS: A total of 18 genes, including HDC, CXCL1/2, TNF, IL6 and Il1b, were newly found to be the major target genes regulated by XLGB. Interestingly, we found that a combination of the three absorbed components, i.e. MSP, rather than their single form at the same concentration, stimulated the formation of calcified nodules in MC3T3-E1 cells, suggesting a synergistic effect of these components. Besides, target prediction and experimental validation confirmed the binding affinity of corylin and icaritin for estrogen receptor α and ß, the inhibitory activity of isobavachin and isobavachalcone on glycogen synthase kinase-3ß, and the inhibitory activity of isobavachalcone on cathepsin K. The cell-based assay further confirmed the result of the biochemical assay. A network that integrated absorbed components of XLGB-targets-perturbation genes-pathways against osteoporosis was established. CONCLUSION: Our current study provides a new systemic strategy for discovering active ingredient groups of TCM formulae and understanding their underlying mechanisms.

5.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 23(8): 724-730, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34253100

RESUMO

Three new flavonoid glycosides, embeliaflavosides A-C (1-3), together with eight known flavonoid glycosides (4-11), were isolated from the fruits of Embelia ribes. Their structures were established based on the analyses of spectroscopic data. Compounds 1-11 were evaluated for antioxidant and α-glucosidase inhibitory activities. The results revealed that compounds 1-11 owned significant ABTS radical scavenging activity with IC50 values of 2.52-9.78 µM, and DPPH scavenging activity with IC50 values of 7.56-26.47 µM, respectively. However, α-glucosidase inhibition assay indicated that all the isolates were inactive.[Formula: see text].


Assuntos
Embelia , Ribes , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Embelia/metabolismo , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Frutas , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais , Ribes/metabolismo , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo
6.
Fitoterapia ; 154: 105002, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324974

RESUMO

Four previously unreported sesquiterpenoid diasteromers, arteannoides U-X (1-4), together with one new norsesquiterpenoid 5 (arteannoide Y) and one undescribed rearranged cadinene sesquiterpenoid 6 (arteannoide Z) were obtained from the dried aerial parts of Artemisia annua (Qinghao). Notably, arteannoides U-X (1-4) are four stereoisomers that possess the same molecules and the same planar connectivity, but differ from each other in configuration at a certain stereocenter. Their accurate structures were unambiguously identified and distinguished by extensive spectroscopic analyses, NMR calculations with DP4+ analysis, electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations and X-ray diffraction analyses. Compounds 1, 3, and 4 showed inhibitory activities against the production of inflammatory cytokines (PGE2, NO, IL-6 and TNF-α) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Artemisia annua/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , China , Citocinas , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação
7.
J Org Chem ; 86(16): 11177-11188, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34043349

RESUMO

A secondary metabolites investigation on Biscogniauxia sp. 71-10-1-1 was carried out, which led to the obtention of nine new diisoprenyl-cyclohexene/ane-type meroterpenoids (1-9) and two new isoprenylbenzoic acid-type meroterpeniods (10-11). The structures of these isolates were established on the basis of multispectroscopic analyses, ECD, and 13C chemical shifts calculations, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Among them, biscognin A (1) is the first diisoprenyl-cyclohexene-type meroterpenoid with a unique 2-isopropyl-6'-methyloctahydro-1'H-spiro[cyclopropane-1,2'-naphthalene] skeleton. Biscognienyne F (5) is the first diisoprenyl-cyclohexene-type meroterpenoid with a cyclic carbonate. The anti-inflammatory assays of the majority of compounds were evaluated, which exhibited that compounds 3 and 5 can obviously inhibit pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6 productions. This is the first report for diisoprenyl-cyclohexene-type meroterpenoids with anti-inflammatory activity. Moreover, the possible biogenetic pathways of the majority of compounds (1-5) are proposed.


Assuntos
Cicloexenos , Terpenos , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Vias Biossintéticas , Cristalografia por Raios X , Cicloexenos/farmacologia , Terpenos/farmacologia
8.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 190: 114622, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34043967

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the world. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with poor prognosis and resistance to chemoradiotherapy, is the most common histological type of lung cancer. Therefore, it is necessary to develop new and more effective treatment strategy for NSCLC. Nur77, an orphan member of the nuclear receptor superfamily, induces apoptosis in cancer cells including NSCLC cells, by high expression and translocation to mitochondria. Small molecules trigger expression and mitochondrial localization of Nur77 may be an ideal anti-cancer drug candidate. Here, we report malayoside, a cardiac glycoside in the extract of Antiaris toxicaria Lesch., had different sensitivities to NSCLC cells. Malayoside induced apoptosis in NCI-H460 cells. Meanwhile, malayoside induced Nur77 expression and mitochondrial localization, and its induction of apoptosis was Nur77-dependent. To investigate the molecular mechanism of malayoside inducing Nur77 and apoptosis, we found that malayoside activated MAPK signaling pathway, including both ERK and p38 phosphorylation. The suppression of MAPK signaling activation inhibited the expression of Nur77 and apoptosis induced by malayoside. Our studies in nude mice showed that malayside potently inhibited the growth of tumor cells in vivo. Furthermore, the anti-cancer effect of malayosidwas in vivo was also related to the elevated expression of Nur77, p-ERK, and p-p38 proteins. Our results suggest that malayoside possesses an anti-NSCLC activity in vitro and in vivo mainly via activation of MAPK-Nur77 signaling pathway, indicating that malayoside is a promising chemotherapeutic candidate for NSCLC.


Assuntos
Antiaris/química , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicosídeos Cardíacos/farmacologia , Quinases de Proteína Quinase Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Membro 1 do Grupo A da Subfamília 4 de Receptores Nucleares/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Glicosídeos Cardíacos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Membro 1 do Grupo A da Subfamília 4 de Receptores Nucleares/genética , Fitoterapia , Transporte Proteico/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 35(12): e5177, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33998678

RESUMO

Cimicifuga dahurica (Turcz.) Maxim, which is also regarded as the main origin of "Shengma" in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, has been used as a cooling and detoxification agent for thousands of years. Our previous phytochemical investigations of C. dahurica extracts (CDEs) led to the isolation of a series of 9,19-cycloalkane triterpenoids and phenolic acids showing a potential anti-inflammatory activity. However, the chemical profiling of CDEs and the material basis of its anti-inflammatory effect in vivo has not been clarified. In the present study, the CDE chemical profile and prototype components in rat plasma were identified via ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry. As a result, a total of 106 components were identified or tentatively characterized in CDEs, including 54 triterpenoids, 35 phenolic acids, eight amides and nine other type constituents (39 compounds were confirmed with the reference standards). In addition, 20 prototype components (15 triterpenoids and five phenolic acids) were identified in rat plasma, which potentially related to the anti-inflammatory effects of CDEs. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory activities of the main prototype components were further evaluated by their inhibitory effects on the production of NO, as well as the expressions of iNOS and COX-2 in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 cells, which indicated that 9,19-cycloalkane triterpenoids may play an anti-inflammatory role by down-regulating the expression of iNOS.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058528

RESUMO

Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao capsule (XLGB) has been proven to prevent and treat osteoporosis. However, as a long-term oral formula, XLGB's effects on the metabolic capacity, structure and function of gut microbiota have yet to be elucidated in ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Our objectives were to evaluate the capacity of gut microbiota for metabolizing XLGB ingredients and to assess the effect of this prescription on gut microbiota. Herein, an integrated analysis that combined ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) and ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography tandem triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UPLC-TQD-MS) was conducted to determine the metabolic capacity of gut microbiota. The effects of XLGB on gut microbiota were explored by metagenomic sequencing in OVX rats. Fecal samples from each group were collected after intragastric administration for three months. In total, 64 biotransformation products were fully characterized with rat gut microbiota from the OVX group and the XLGB group. The deglycosylation reaction was the main biotransformation pathway in core structures in the group that was incubated with XLGB. Compared with the OVX group, different biotransformation products and pathways of the XLGB group after incubation for 2 h and 8 h were described. After three months of feeding with XLGB, the domesticated gut microbiota was conducive to the production of active absorbed components via deglycosylation, such as icaritin, psoralen and isopsoralen. Comparisons of the gut microbiota of the OVX and XLGB groups showed differences in the relative abundances of the two dominant bacterial divisions, namely, Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes. The proportion of Firmicutes was significantly lower and that of Bacteroidetes was significantly higher in the XLGB group. This result demonstrated that XLGB could provide a basis for the treatment of osteoporosis by regulating lipid and bile acid metabolism. In addition, the increase in Lactobacillus, Bacteroides and Prevotella could be an important factor that led to easier production of active absorbed aglycones in the XLGB group. Our observation provided further evidence of the importance of gut microbiota in the metabolism and potential activity of XLGB.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovariectomia , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Feminino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
11.
Phytomedicine ; 85: 153535, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33819766

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Quality control exerted great importance on the clinical application of drugs for ensuring effectiveness and safety. Due to chemical complexity, diversity among different producing areas and harvest seasons, as well as unintentionally mixed with non-medicinal parts, the current quality standards of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) still faced challenges in evaluating the overall chemical consistency. PURPOSE: We aimed to develop a new strategy to discover potential quality marker (Q-marker) of TCM by integrating plant metabolomics and network pharmacology, using Periplocae Cortex (GP, the dried root bark of Periploca sepium Bge.) as an example. METHODS: First, plant metabolomics analysis was performed by UPLC/Q-TOF MS in 89 batches of samples to discover chemical markers to distinguish medicinal parts (GP) and non-medicinal parts (the dried stem bark of Periploca sepium Bge. (JP)), harvest seasons and producing region of Periplocae Cortex. Second, network pharmacology was applied to explore the initial linkages among chemical constituents, targets and diseases. Last, potential Q-marker were selected by integrating analysis of plant metabolomics and network pharmacology, and the quantification method of Q-marker was developed by using UPLC-TQ-MS. RESULTS: The chemical profiling of GP and JP was investigated. Fifteen distinguishing features were designated as core chemical markers to distinguish GP and JP. Besides, the content of 4-methoxybenzaldehyde-2-O-ß-d-xylopyranosyl-(1→6)-ß-d-glucopyranoside could be used to identify Periplocae Cortex harvested in spring-autumn or summer. Meanwhile, a total of 15 components targeted rheumatoid arthritis were screened out based on network pharmacology. Taking absorbed constituents into consideration, 23 constituents were selected as potential Q-marker. A simultaneous quantification method (together with 11 semi-quantitative analysis) was developed and applied to the analysis of 20 batches of commercial Periplocae Cortex on the market. The PLS-DA model was successfully developed to distinguish GP and JP samples. In addition, the artificially mixed GP sample, which contained no less than 10% of the adulterant (JP), could also be correctly identified. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that 9 ingredients could be considered as Q-marker of Periplocae Cortex. This study has also demonstrated that the plant metabolomics and network pharmacology could be used as an effective approach for discovering Q-marker of TCM to fulfill the evaluation of overall chemical consistency among samples from different producing areas, harvest seasons, and even those commercial crude drugs, which might be mixed with a small amount of non-medicinal parts.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Metabolômica , Periploca/química , Controle de Qualidade , Animais , Biomarcadores , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Contaminação de Medicamentos , Espectrometria de Massas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/normas , Camundongos , Raízes de Plantas/química , Células RAW 264.7
12.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899597

RESUMO

Four new phenylspirodrimanes, stachybotranes A-D (1-4), along with seven known analogues (5-11), were isolated from the extract of a wetland fungal strain Stachybotrys chartarum DTH12-9. The structures of new compounds were determined by spectroscopic analyses, X-ray crystallographic analysis, and the CD analysis of the in situ formed [Rh2(OCOCF3)4] complex. Compounds 1-3, 5-8, and 10 were evaluated for in vitro cytotoxicity against five human cancer cell lines, HL-60, SMMC-7721, A-549, MCF-7, and SW-480. Compounds 1, 2, and 7 exhibited moderate cytotoxic potency against various human cancer cell lines.

13.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-10, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33648391

RESUMO

One undescribed lignan, one new natural product, along with fourteen known compounds, were isolated from the roots of Ficus hirta. The structures of the isolates were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic technologies, including UV, IR, HRESIMS, and NMR. The absolute configuration of 1 was determined by comparison of experimental and calculated ECD data. The cytotoxicity of all the compounds against HeLa and HepG2 cell lines was evaluated and compound 7 showed considerable cytotoxic effect towards HepG2 cells. Also, the apoptotic effect of 7 on HepG2 cells and the effect of 7 on the key proteins (p-JNK and p-p38) in MAPK (Mitogen-activated protein kinases) pathways were studied by flow cytometry and western blotting experiment. As a result, compound 7 induced the apoptosis of HepG2 cells, and dose-dependently increased the phosphorylation of JNK and p38. Thus, 7 might trigger HepG2 cells apoptosis via JNK/p38 MAPK signaling pathway.

14.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 38: 127859, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609662

RESUMO

A pair of undescribed enantiomers, (±) ficusflavonid A (1a/1b), along with five known analogues, were isolated from the roots of Ficus hirta. Their structures were determined by the analysis of extensive spectroscopic data (including UV, IR, HRESIMS and NMR). Two enantiomers (1a and 1b) were successfully separated by chiral chromatographic column and their absolute configurations were assigned by the comparison of experimental and calculated ECD data. The cytotoxicity of all the isolates against HeLa, MCF-7, HepG2 and H460 cell lines were evaluated by MTT assay. Among them, 4 suppressed the proliferation of HeLa cells with the IC50 value of 28.88 µM. Furthermore, the apoptotic effect of 4 on HeLa cells and the level of several crucial proteins in AKT/MAPKs signaling pathways were analyzed by flow cytometer and western blot assay. As a result, 4 induced HeLa cell apoptosis in a dose dependent manner and significantly increased the protein levels of p-JNK and p-p38, whereas distinctly reduced the expression of p-AKT, and p-ERK. Thus, compound 4 might induce HeLa cells apoptosis via MAPK and AKT signaling pathways, which could be considered as a potential leading compound for the development of anticancer drugs.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ficus/química , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Flavonoides/síntese química , Flavonoides/química , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrutura Molecular , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
15.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 195: 113888, 2021 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33418443

RESUMO

Sex steroid hormones could directly affect the bone metabolism by regulating cell physiological functions. In female, it inevitably causes the abnormal levels of sex steroid hormones at post-menopause in vivo. Ovariectomized rats and mice are classic animal models of osteoporosis to better understand the action mechanism of anti-osteoporosis drugs. However, it is not clear whether Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao capsule (XLGB), a kidney-tonifying traditional Chinese medicine prescription, treat osteoporosis via regulating multiple sex steroid hormones. In the present study, a reliable method involving ultra high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (UHPLC/TQ-XS-MS) was developed for simultaneous quantitative analysis of ten sex steroid hormones (three estrogens, five androgens and two progestogens) in rat and mouse serum. The results of methodology were acceptable. The validated method was then successfully applied in the determination of the levels of sex steroid hormones in ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis rats, as well as drug (17ß-estradiol and XLGB) intervened rats. As a result, XLGB could not only significantly increase the level of 17ß-estradiol, but also improve the levels of progesterone, 17α-hydroxyprogesterone and androstenedione. Combined with molecular docking results and pharmacokinetic parameters, psoralen, isopsoralen and sweroside were considered as the key effective components of XLGB to activate adenylyl cyclase on promoting the biosynthesis of multiple sex steroid hormones. It is the first time to evaluate the regulatory effect of kidney-tonifying traditional Chinese medicine prescription on the levels of steroids in ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis rat, as well as the potential substance basis and mechanism of steroid hormone regulation.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Feminino , Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais , Humanos , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/etiologia , Ovariectomia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
16.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 35(6): e5072, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33453065

RESUMO

Jin-hong tablets (JHTs), a well-known traditional Chinese patent medicine (TCPM), have been effectively used for the treatment of chronic superficial gastritis (CSG). The metabolic profile of TCPMs is performed to determine their bioactive components. In this study, a five-step strategy based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry and metabolynx™ software combined with mass defect filter technique was developed to delineate the metabolic profile of JHT in vivo. As a result, a total of 163 JHT-related xenobiotics (38 prototypes and 125 metabolites) were identified or tentatively characterized in rat biological samples, and the phase I and II metabolism processes mainly included demethylation, hydroxylation, sulfation, and glucuronidation. In addition, after oral administration of JHT, a large amount of alkaloid-related ingredients was detected in rat plasma samples, indicating that alkaloids may play an important role in the treatment of CSG with JHT. This study is beneficial for understanding the JHT's in vivo metabolic profiles and characteristics, which helps to reveal its in vivo effective components and provides a solid basis for further studies on its functional mechanism.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Administração Oral , Alcaloides/análise , Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/metabolismo , Animais , Alcaloides de Berberina , Bile/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/metabolismo , Fezes/química , Flavonoides/análise , Flavonoides/química , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Comprimidos
17.
Nat Prod Res ; 35(21): 3634-3643, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009445

RESUMO

Ten cycloart-7-ene triterpenoid glycosides, including three new compounds (1-3), were isolated from the roots of Cimicifuga dahurica. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses, chemical methods and comparison with literatures. In addition, the isolates were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on the production of NO, as well as the expressions of iNOS and COX-2 in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. The results showed that compounds 3, 5, 6, 7 and 8 can reduce the release of NO in a dose-dependent manner. Mechanistically, Western blot analysis indicated that the NO inhibitory effects relied on down-regulating the expression of iNOS, and partially associated with lowering the expression of COX-2.


Assuntos
Actaea , Cimicifuga , Triterpenos , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia
18.
Nat Prod Res ; 35(9): 1452-1458, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450985

RESUMO

Three new phenolic glycosides, intermedia A-C (1-3), one new acyclic alcohol glycoside, intermedia D (4), together with 3 known glycosides (5-7), were isolated from the dried roots of Paeonia intermedia C. A. Meyer. Their structures were established by means of extensive spectroscopic analysis (HRESIMS, NMR). Compound 1 have a rare benzo[1,5]dioxepine skeleton. The bioassay results showed that compound 3 exhibited inhibitory activity against proinflammatory cytokines nitric oxide (NO) secretion in LPS-activated RAW264.7 cells with an IC50 value of 85.76 ± 1.36 µM.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Paeonia/química , Raízes de Plantas/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética Nuclear de Carbono-13 , Glicosídeos/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Pós , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética , Células RAW 264.7
19.
Nat Prod Res ; 35(20): 3432-3438, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32233654

RESUMO

A new nitrogen-containing iridoid glycoside, named (7 R,3'R)-lonijapospiroside A (1), together with thirteen known iridoid glycosides, were isolated from the flower buds of Lonicera macranthoides. The structures of these compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopic analyses. Among them, compounds 1-4 are four diastereoisomers, and their absolute configurations were accurately established by the NOE spectra as well as comparison of their experimental and calculated ECD spectra. The anti-inflammatory activities of all isolates were evaluated by measuring their inhibitory effects on NO, IL-6, and TNF-α production in LPS stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Compound 14 exhibited anti-inflammatory activities by inhibiting IL-6 with an IC50 value of 54.70 µM, comparable to that of the positive control (hydrocortisone, IC50: 62.6 ± 1.7 µM).


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Glicosídeos Cardíacos , Glicosídeos Iridoides/farmacologia , Lonicera , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Glicosídeos Iridoides/química , Glicosídeos Iridoides/isolamento & purificação , Nitrogênio/química
20.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; 23(10): 955-960, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030048

RESUMO

Two new dibenzyl derivatives, dendrocandins V-W (1-2), together with six known compounds (3-8), have been isolated from the dried stems of Dendrobium catenatum. Their structures were mainly elucidated on the basis of HRESIMS, one- and two-dimensional NMR techniques. The isolated compounds 5-8 were evaluated in vitro for their antioxidant and hypoglycemic activities. Compound 8 showed moderate potent DPPH scavenging activity with IC50 value of 34.45 ± 1.07 µM. And compounds 5, 7-8 exhibited significant ABTS radical scavenging activities with IC50 values of 10.03 ± 0.88, 5.32 ± 1.13 and 9.01 ± 1.39 µM. Compounds 6-7 showed potent α-glucosidase inhibitory activities with IC50 values of 36.05 ± 0.67 and 159.59 ± 0.86 µM.


Assuntos
Dendrobium , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular
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