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1.
Cutis ; 104(3): E11-E15, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675404

RESUMO

The expanding use of novel targeted anticancer agents such as sorafenib has led to an increasing number of dermatologic adverse events. Although cutaneous adverse events are commonly described in patients taking sorafenib, there are few reports describing psoriasis secondary to this medication. In this report, we describe 3 patients with sorafenib-induced psoriasiform drug eruption and review the available literature of similar patient cases. Our findings highlight shared characteristics among affected patients and potential treatment options for patients in whom sorafenib cannot be discontinued. Increased awareness of such drug eruptions and management options is critical to prevent suboptimal dosing and decreased quality of life.

2.
Blood Adv ; 3(21): 3379-3392, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31698466

RESUMO

Induction of fetal hemoglobin (HbF) via clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/Cas9-mediated disruption of DNA regulatory elements that repress γ-globin gene (HBG1 and HBG2) expression is a promising therapeutic strategy for sickle cell disease (SCD) and ß-thalassemia, although the optimal technical approaches and limiting toxicities are not yet fully defined. We disrupted an HBG1/HBG2 gene promoter motif that is bound by the transcriptional repressor BCL11A. Electroporation of Cas9 single guide RNA ribonucleoprotein complex into normal and SCD donor CD34+ hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells resulted in high frequencies of on-target mutations and the induction of HbF to potentially therapeutic levels in erythroid progeny generated in vitro and in vivo after transplantation of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells into nonobese diabetic/severe combined immunodeficiency/Il2rγ-/-/KitW41/W41 immunodeficient mice. On-target editing did not impair CD34+ cell regeneration or differentiation into erythroid, T, B, or myeloid cell lineages at 16 to 17 weeks after xenotransplantation. No off-target mutations were detected by targeted sequencing of candidate sites identified by circularization for in vitro reporting of cleavage effects by sequencing (CIRCLE-seq), an in vitro genome-scale method for detecting Cas9 activity. Engineered Cas9 containing 3 nuclear localization sequences edited human hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells more efficiently and consistently than conventional Cas9 with 2 nuclear localization sequences. Our studies provide novel and essential preclinical evidence supporting the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of a mechanism-based approach to induce HbF for treating hemoglobinopathies.

3.
Small ; : e1903725, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599490

RESUMO

Lithium (sodium)-metal batteries are the most promising batteries for next-generation electrical energy storage due to their high volumetric energy density and gravimetric energy density. However, their applications have been prevented by uncontrollable dendrite growth and large volume expansion during the stripping/plating process. To address this issue, the key strategy is to realize uniform lithium (sodium) deposition during the stripping/plating process. Herein, a thin lithiophilic layer consisting of RuO2 particles anchored on brush-like 3D carbon cloth (RuO2 @CC) is prepared by a simple solution-based method. After infusion of Li, the RuO2 @CC transfers to Li-Ru@CC. Ru nanoparticles not only play a role in leading Li+ (Na+ ) to plate on the 3D carbon framework, but also lower local current density because of the good electrical conductivity. Furthermore, density functional theory calculations demonstrate that Ru metal, the reaction product of alkali metal and Ru, can lead Li+ to plate evenly around carbon fiber owing to the strong binding energy with Li+ . The Li-Ru@CC anode shows ultralong cycle life (1500 h at 5 mA cm-2 ). The full cell of Li-Ru@CC|LiFePO4 exhibits lower polarization (90% capacity retention after 650 cycles). In addition, sodium metal batteries based on Na-Ru@CC anodes can achieve similar improvement.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31589799

RESUMO

A series of supramolecular assemblies of types [Ag8 (L)4 ](PF6 )8 and [Ag4 (L)2 ](PF6 )4 , obtained from the tetraphenylethylene (TPE) bridged tetrakis(1,2,4-triazolium) salts H4 -L(PF6 )4 and AgI ions, is described. The assembly type obtained dependends on the N-wingtip substituents of H4 -L(PF6 )4 . Changes in the lengths of the N4-wingtip substituents enables controlled formation of assemblies with either [Ag4 (L)2 ](PF6 )4 or [Ag8 (L)4 ](PF6 )8 stoichiometry. The molecular structures of selected [Ag8 (L)4 ](PF6 )8 and [Ag4 (L)2 ](PF6 )4 assemblies were determined by X-ray diffraction analyses. While H4 -L(PF6 )4 does not exhibit fluorescence in solution, their tetra-NHC (NHC=N-heterocyclic carbene) assemblies do upon NHC-metal coordination. Upon irradiation, all assemblies undergo a light-induced, supramolecule-to-supramolecule structural transformation by an oxidative photocyclization involving phenyl groups of the TPE core, resulting in a significant change of the luminescence properties.

6.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657391

RESUMO

In this work, we demonstrate the design and fabrication of a series of cylinder-like, hexazido-terminated MI-CNHC (M = Ag, Au) complexes. Moreover, we present for the first time a process-tracing and aggregation-induced emission (AIE) study of a covalent postassembly modification (PAM) process of the AuI-CNHC cylinders, highlighting the excellent versatility and complexity of functionalised poly-NHC compounds as a new type of molecular platform for novel applications.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17538, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626116

RESUMO

Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare but aggressive neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. The available reports of MCC in Asia are limited; in this study, we report the largest series of MCC in Taiwan to date.The series is composed by 24 pathologically proven MCC cases, which were retrospectively reviewed in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital in Taiwan between 2000 and 2018.The tumor occurred predominantly in men (80%) and in the elderly (median 74.8 years). Twenty-one patients had locoregional MCC and 3 had metastatic MCC at the time of diagnosis. Patients with pathologically proven negative nodes by sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) showed better survival time than those without SLNB in 16 clinically node-negative MCC cases undergoing primary surgery. Salvage surgery for loco-regional recurrence lengthened the survival time and possibly cured recurrent MCC. Palliative chemotherapy with cisplatin and etoposide showed a response rate of 25%, progression-free survival of 3.6 months, and overall survival of 14.8 months in 4 metastatic/recurrent MCC. Avelumab treatment was effective in 1 patient, who achieved a durable disease control.This observational cohort of MCC patients in Taiwan suggests aggressive surgical intervention including wide excision and lymph node management, salvage operation is critical for early MCC patients, and palliative chemotherapy and immunotherapy showed their efficacy for advanced MCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Célula de Merkel/mortalidade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma de Célula de Merkel/patologia , Carcinoma de Célula de Merkel/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Terapia de Salvação/estatística & dados numéricos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/terapia , Taiwan/epidemiologia
8.
Genes (Basel) ; 10(10)2019 09 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31569425

RESUMO

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the most common and aggressive type of pancreatic cancer. The five-year survival rate of PDAC is very low (less than 8%), which is associated with the late diagnosis, high metastatic potential, and resistance to therapeutic agents. The identification of better prognostic or therapeutic biomarker may have clinical benefits for PDAC treatment. SMAD4, a central mediator of transforming growth factor beta (TGFß) signaling pathway, is considered a tumor suppressor gene. SMAD4 inactivation is frequently found in PDAC. However, its role in prognosis and therapeutics of PDAC is still unclear. In this study, we applied bioinformatics approaches, and integrated publicly available resources, to investigate the role of SMAD4 gene deletion in PDAC. We found that SMAD4 deletion was associated with poorer disease-free, but not overall, survival in PDAC patients. Cancer hallmark enrichment and pathway analysis suggested that the upregulation of cell cycle-related genes in SMAD4-deleted PDAC. Chemotherapy response profiling of PDAC cell lines and patient-derived organoids revealed that SMAD4-deleted PDAC was sensitive to gemcitabine, the first-line treatment for PDAC, and specific cell cycle-targeting drugs. Taken together, our study provides an insight into the prognostic and therapeutic roles of SMAD4 gene deletion in PDAC, and SMAD4 gene copy numbers may be used as a therapeutic biomarker for PDAC treatment.

9.
Inorg Chem ; 58(20): 13969-13978, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31577144

RESUMO

A series of isomorphic lanthanide metal-organic frameworks (Ln-MOFs), {[Ln(L)(H2O)2]·5H2O}n (1-Ln, where Ln = Eu, Tb, Gd, and EuxTb1-x), have been synthesized by a rigid 1,3-bis(3,5-dicarboxyphenyl)imidazolium chloride (H4L+Cl-) ligand and Ln3+ ions via a solvothermal method. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction indicated that 1-Ln exhibited similar three-dimensional porous frameworks with one-dimensional channels decorated by the uncoordinated carboxylate oxygen atoms. The luminescent sensing studies indicated that 1-Eu is an outstanding reusable luminescent probe suitable for the simultaneous detection of Cr2O72-, CrO42-, and MnO4- ions in an aqueous solution. Remarkably, the different proportions of Eu3+ and Tb3+ can be combined into the same Ln-MOF to yield a new series of differently doped 1-EuxTb1-x MOFs. At the same excitation wavelength, they generated dual-emission peaks of Eu3+ and Tb3+ to show a gradual change in luminous color between yellow-green, yellow, orange, orange-red, and red. On the basis of the excellent optical properties of 1-Ln complexes, they can be employed as promising luminescent probe and multicolor tunable photoluminescence materials.

10.
Cancer Biol Ther ; : 1-5, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559892

RESUMO

Targeted therapy has revolutionized the treatment pattern of advanced drive gene mutation positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Advanced testing techniques enable physicians to detect these gene alterations in the clinic, thereby offering targeted therapies as treatment options to their patients. In this article, we reported a 52-year-old Chinese female with a pulmonary nodule in her left lower lung. After thoracoscopic lobectomy, a histopathological diagnosis of moderately differentiated atypical carcinoid (AC) was made. Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement was detected, which is a rare phenomenon in AC. After the failure of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, the patient started taking crizotinib, subsequently with ceritinib, and then alectinib. This sequential therapy approach has significant clinical benefits for the patient. This article reviewed the clinical significance and drug resistance mechanism of ALK rearrangement in lung cancer. We also discussed recent and ongoing researches and applications of ALK-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (ALK-TKIs).

11.
J Mater Chem B ; 7(39): 5992-5997, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536078

RESUMO

A near-infrared light triggered photothermal H2S-release platform was developed using a combination of photothermal nanoparticles and thermo-labile precursors, and was exploited for synchronous photothermal stimulation and gas release to suppress cell viability. Polyethyleneimine-dithiocarbamate as a H2S donor was assembled on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanosheets by electrostatic adsorption. In the nanocomposites, rGO nanosheets converted near-infrared light into thermal energy and activated the H2S donor to produce H2S. Synchronous photothermal stimulation and H2S gas release resulted in effective killing of cancer cells. This work presents an effective method that suppresses the growth of tumour cells and leads to an improved anti-cell proliferation outcome. Near-infrared light-triggered photothermal stimulation, in combination with H2S gas generation, may offer an effective strategy to further develop a cancer synergistic treatment platform.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(38): 10685-10693, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479251

RESUMO

Theanine is the most abundant non-protein amino acid in Camellia sinensis, but it is not known how a tea plant accumulates such high levels of theanine. The endophyte isolated from in vitro grown plantlets of C. sinensis cultivars was identified as Luteibacter spp., showing strong biocatalytic activity for converting both glutamine and ethylamine to theanine. Theanine was secreted outside of the bacteria. The endophyte isolated from in vitro plantlets of Camellia oleifera cultivar was identified as Bacillus safensis and did not convert glutamine and ethylamine to theanine. Enzymatic assays in vitro indicated that γ-glutamyltranspeptidases rCsEGGTs from the endophyte Luteibacter strains converted glutamine and ethylamine to theanine at higher rates than rCsGGTs from C. sinensis. This is the first report on theanine biosynthesis by an endophyte from C. sinensis, which provides a new pathway to explore the mechanism of theanine biosynthesis in C. sinensis and the interactions between an endophyte and tea plants.


Assuntos
Bactérias/metabolismo , Camellia sinensis/microbiologia , Endófitos/metabolismo , Glutamatos/metabolismo , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Camellia sinensis/química , Camellia sinensis/classificação , Endófitos/classificação , Endófitos/genética , Endófitos/isolamento & purificação , Etilaminas/metabolismo , Glutamina/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/microbiologia
13.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 78(11): 1566-1575, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471299

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Current evidence suggests that immune events in the gut may impact joint inflammation in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) but the expression of gut-related trafficking molecules in the inflammed joint is poorly characterised. We aimed to (1) assess differential expression patterns of trafficking molecules between patients and controls, (2) generate joint-specific cellular signatures and (3) obtain transcriptomic profiles of noteworthy cell subpopulations. METHODS: Male subjects under 40 years of age fulfilling the mNY criteria were recruited. The following cells were surface stained using a 36-marker mass cytometry antibody panel: (1) peripheral blood mononuclear cells from AS patients, and healthy controls; (2) synovial fluid mononuclear cells from AS and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Additionally, RNA-seq was performed on CD8+ T cell subpopulations from the synovial fluid (SF). RESULTS: Mature CD8+ T cells were enriched in AS SF, with a distinct pattern of integrin expression (ß7, CD103, CD29 and CD49a). RNA-seq analysis of SF-derived CD103+CD49a+CD8+ T cells revealed elevated TNFAIP3, GZMB, PRF1 and IL-10. CONCLUSIONS: We have identified a novel integrin-expressing mature CD8+ T cell population (CD49a+CD103+ß7+CD29+) that appears to be more prevalent in AS SF than RA SF. These cells seem to possess dual cytotoxic and regulatory profiles which may play a role in AS pathogenesis.

14.
Biomolecules ; 9(9)2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505885

RESUMO

Although chemotherapy for treating colorectal cancer has had some success, drug resistance and metastasis remain the major causes of death for colorectal cancer patients. MicroRNA-21-5p (hereafter denoted as miR-21) is one of the most abundant miRNAs in human colorectal cancer. A Kaplan-Meier survival analysis found a negative prognostic correlation of miR-21 and metastasis-free survival in colorectal cancer patients (The Cancer Genome Atlas Colon Adenocarcinoma/TCGA-COAD cohort). To explore the role of miR-21 overexpression in drug resistance, a stable miR-21-overexpressing clone in a human DLD-1 colorectal cancer cell line was established. The 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) cell viability assay found that miR-21 overexpression induced drug resistance to topoisomerase inhibitors (SN-38, doxorubicin, and etoposide/VP-16). Mechanistically, we showed that miR-21 overexpression reduced VP-16-induced apoptosis and concomitantly enhanced pro-survival autophagic flux without the alteration of topoisomerase expression and activity. Bioinformatics analyses suggested that miR-21 overexpression induced genetic reprogramming that mimicked the gene signature of topoisomerase inhibitors and downregulated genes related to the proteasome pathway. Taken together, our results provide a novel insight into the role of miR-21 in the development of drug resistance in colorectal cancer.

15.
Dalton Trans ; 48(36): 13607-13613, 2019 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31460536

RESUMO

Tuning the emissive color changes of lanthanide (Ln) complexes is an important and appealing project for promoting the applications of Ln-complexes. A solvothermal reaction of 4-cyano-3-methylbenzoic acid (HL) and Ln(NO3)3·6H2O affords three isostructural Ln-complexes [Eu(L)3(H2O)2]n (1-Ln) (Ln = Eu, Gd and Tb) with one-dimensional chain structures. 1-Eu and 1-Tb show bright red and green emissions with absolute quantum yields of 3.06% and 11.96%, respectively, and the energy transfer was analyzed in detail through combined calculations. Interestingly, a series of heterometallic doped 1-TbxEu1-x coordination polymers were also obtained by mixing different ratios of Eu3+ and Tb3+ ions, which possess continuous luminescent color changes from green to yellow, orange and red. In addition, 1-Eu exhibits high quenching efficiency and low detection limit (∼10-4 M) for the simultaneous sensing of MnO4-, CrO42- and Cr2O72- ions in water.

16.
J Dermatol ; 46(10): 879-885, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461182

RESUMO

Scleromyxedema (SM) was previously known to be associated with monoclonal gammopathy. The association of SM and its counterpart lichen myxedematosus (LM) with chronic hepatitis has rarely been reported. We retrospectively reviewed medical records and histopathological reports of consecutive patients who presented at our department with the diagnosis of SM or LM from January 2001 to September 2017. The patients' demographic details, cutaneous presentation, associated underlying diseases and hepatitic profile were studied and compared with previous published cases. In all, 28 patients were enrolled, including one SM, 19 LM and eight atypical LM. Of the patients, 50% (n = 14/28) had hepatitis. Of these, 21.4% (n = 6/28) had hepatitis C, 10.7% (n = 3/28) hepatitis B, 7.1% (n = 2/28) concurrent hepatitis B and C, whereas 10.7% (n = 3/28) had alcoholic liver disease. The prevalence of hepatitis C in our patients was 6.5-times higher than that of the general population (28.6% vs 4.4%) and the prevalence of hepatitis B was similar (17.9% vs 17.3%). Polyclonal gammopathy was found in 28.6% (n = 8/28) of the patients and monoclonal gammopathy was found in 7.1% (n = 2/28). The extent of clonality did not correlate with disease severity. Our study did not notice a significant association with monoclonal gammopathy but the prevalence of hepatitis C was found to increase 6.5-times in these patients compared with the general population. We recommend dermatologists to be aware of hepatitis investigations in such patients and future studies are warranted to understand the mechanism behind such association.

17.
Cancer Nurs ; 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Globally, cancer is the second leading cause of death. Breast cancer and gynecological cancer can damage patients' body image and lead to psychological distress, depression, and demoralization syndrome. No studies have explored the effect of logotherapy in gynecological cancer patients' psychological distress, depression, and demoralization. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of logotherapy on distress, depression, and demoralization in breast cancer and gynecological cancer patients. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was used in this study, involving 61 breast cancer and gynecological cancer patients: 31 in the experimental group and 30 in the control group. Participants in the experimental group received logotherapy 4 to 6 times during the 12 weeks of intervention. Outcomes were measured by the (1) Distress Thermometer, (2) Patient Health Questionnaire, and (3) Demoralization Scale Mandarin Version (DS-MV). RESULTS: Distress Thermometer did not differ between groups, but significant differences in favor of the intervention group were noted in the Patient Health Questionnaire (U = 674.500, P = .002); the DS-MV subcategories of loss of meaning (U = 706.500, P = .000), dysphoria (U = 673.000, P = .002), disheartenment (U = 670.000, P = .003), helplessness (U = 621.000, P = .022), and sense of failure (U = 629.500, P = .016); and the total score of the DS-MV (U = 728.500, P = .000). CONCLUSION: Logotherapy was effective in the reduction of breast cancer and gynecological cancer patients' depression and demoralization. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Clinical professionals could add logotherapy to the treatment for breast cancer and gynecological cancer patients to reduce their depression and demoralization.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422042

RESUMO

In order to study the nursing risk warning of patients' electronic medical record (EMR) information, data of 200 cases of patient from Eastern Medical District of Sichuan Academy of Medical Sciences & Sichuan Provincial People's Hospital is selected. The Logistic regression model and nursing risk warning information system are used to calculate the death probability of the recovered patients 24h before discharge and 24h before the death of the patients. The predictive ability of the system is verified, and incidence of infusion, blood transfusion, surgical patient handover, blood sample collection nursing risk, and corresponding indirect care hours before and after the use of nursing risk warning are compared. The probability of death of the recovered patients within 24h before discharge is less than 0.5, and the death probability of the dead patients before the death of 24h is greater than 0.5. After the nursing risk warning is used, the infusion, surgical patient handover, and incidence of blood sample collection nursing risk are significantly lower than those before using the nursing risk warning and the difference is statistically significant. The indirect nursing hours of infusion, blood transfusion, surgical patient handover, and blood sample collection are significantly lower than those before using the nursing risk warning, and the difference is statistically significant. Therefore, the predictive ability of the patient's EMR information risk warning system has important reference value in clinical nursing, which can significantly reduce the incidence of infusion, surgical patient handover, and blood sample collection and nursing risk, reduce the infusion, blood transfusion, surgical patient handover, and indirect nursing hours for collecting blood samples, and improve the quality and efficiency of hospital diagnosis and treatment.

19.
Neuromolecular Med ; 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414383

RESUMO

The soluble amyloid protein procurer α (sAPPα) and ß (sAPPß) have been postulated as promising new cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease (AD) and multiple other neurodegenerative diseases, but have failed to meet expectations with their often discordant and even contradictory findings to date. The aim of the study was to systematically explore this issue. Cochrane Library, PubMed, and CNKI were systematically searched without language or date restrictions. This network meta-analysis followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines and also adhered to the Meta-analysis Of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines. Twenty studies, comprising ten groups, were eligible and included. Overall, 19 eligible studies with 1634 patients contributed to the analysis of CSF sAPPα levels and 16 eligible studies with 1684 patients contributed to the analysis of CSF sAPPß levels. CSF sAPPß levels are significantly higher in AD than in corticobasal syndrome (CBS) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP); higher in Control than in Depression, CBS and PSP; higher in Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD) than in CBS and PSP; higher in mild cognitive impairment progressed to AD dementia during the follow-up period (pMCI) than in Depression and PSP; higher in stable mild cognitive impairment (sMCI) than in Depression. With regard to CSF sAPPα levels, there were no significant difference among groups. However, surprisingly, the resultant rankings graphically showed that pMCI populations have the highest levels of CSF sAPPα and sAPPß. Furthermore, it seemed there was a positive correlation between CSF sAPPα and sAPPß levels. The measurement of CSF sAPPα and sAPPß levels may provide an alternative method for the diagnosis of early-stage AD, pMCI, which is conducive to preventive therapy.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31450814

RESUMO

The world famous South-to-North Water Transfer Project was built to alleviate serious water shortages in northern China. Considering that lake Hongze is an important freshwater lake in this region, analyzing the influence of water diversion on typical contaminant bioavailability and microbial abundance could aid in achieving a good overall understanding of hydrodynamic variation. Accordingly, in situ high-resolution measurements of diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) and next-generation high-throughput sequencing were combined in order to survey Lake Hongze and determine the relationship between environmental factors and microbial communities. The DGT method effectively obtained more than the 85% of bioavailable concentrations of the corresponding contaminants; the results showed that labile P, S, Fe, As, and Hg concentrations were higher in areas influenced by water transfer. Moreover, the relative abundance and alpha diversity of the sampling sites distributed in the water transfer area differed significantly from other sites. The pH, conductivity, and labile Mn, As, and P were shown to be the primary environmental factors affecting the abundance and diversity of microbes. With the exception of bioturbation-affected sites controlled by labile Mn and pH, sites distributed in the water diversion area were most affected by As and conductivity, with little spatial discrepancy. Furthermore, site 2, with higher bioturbation abundance, and site 10, with stronger hydrodynamics, had low alpha diversity compared to the other sites. Consequently, the bioavailability of typical contaminants such as P, S, As, Hg, Fe, Mg, Cd, Pb, and Mn, as well as the diversity and abundance of microbial in the sites influenced by the water diversion, were significantly different to the other sites. Thus, the impacts of the South-to-North Water Transfer Project on participant lakes were non-negligible overall in the investigation.

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