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1.
J Clin Pharm Ther ; 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34981547

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES: Ademetionine 1,4-Butanedisulfonate (SAMe) enteric-coated tablets are widely used for treatment of pre-cirrhotic and cirrhotic intrahepatic cholestasis, as well as intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP), but incomplete clinical data and interference from endogenous substances pose numerous challenges for clinical trial of ademetionine. The objective of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetic profile of SAMe enteric-coated tablets and to assess its food impact and safety in healthy Chinese subjects. METHODS: A randomized, open-label, single-dose study was carried out to determine the pharmacokinetics of SAMe enteric-coated tablets administered in both fasted and postprandial conditions. Baseline collection and data adjustment were required to reduce the effect of endogenous substances. Relevant pharmacokinetic data from subjects administered the reference formulation will be disclosed and utilized in this thesis. RESULTS: Twenty-four subjects with a body mass index (BMI) of 19-24 kg/m2 were enrolled in the study and all completed the trial. The impact of food on the drug was noticeable, with faster absorption in the fasting group (Tmax , 4.50 ± 1.07 and 7.50 ± 1.58 for the fasting and postprandial groups, respectively) but higher exposure in the postprandial group (AUC0-inf , 4021.02 ± 3377.13 and 5087.28 ± 3539.26 for the fasting and postprandial groups, respectively). No serious adverse effects were observed in the fasted and postprandial conditions. WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSIONS: The pharmacokinetic profile of SAMe enteric-coated tablets in healthy Chinese subjects was partially complemented in this study. SAMe enteric-coated tablets showed promising safety in fasted and postprandial conditions. However, the impact of food on the drug was significant and might access to the absorption site and affect biochemical reactions.

2.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 45, 2022 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34996395

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adult sporadic Burkitt lymphoma (BL) is a rare but highly aggressive subtype of lymphoma which lacks its own unique prognostic model. Systemic inflammatory biomarkers have been confirmed as prognostic markers in several types of malignancy. Our objective was to explore the predictive value of pretreatment inflammatory biomarkers and establish a novel, clinically applicable prognostic index for adult patients with sporadic BL. METHODS: We surveyed retrospectively 336 adult patients with newly diagnosed sporadic BL at 8 Chinese medical centers and divided into training cohort (n = 229) and validation cohort (n = 107). The pretreatment inflammatory biomarkers were calculated for optimal cut-off value. The association between serum biomarkers and overall survival (OS) was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional models. The risk stratification was defined based on normal LDH level, Ann Arbor stage of I and completely resected abdominal lesion or single extra-abdominal mass < 10 cm. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that platelets< 254 × 109/L, albumin< 40 g/L, lactate dehydrogenase≥334 U/L independently predicted unfavorable OS. We used these data as the basis for the prognostic index, in which patients were stratified into Group 1 (no or one risk factor), Group 2 (two risk factors), or Group 3 (three risk factors), which were associated with 5-year OS rates of 88.1, 72.4, and 45%, respectively. In the subgroup analysis for high-risk patients, our prognostic model results showed that high-risk patients with no more than one adverse factor presented a 5-year survival rate of 85.9%, but patients with three adverse factors had a 5-year survival rate of 43.0%. Harrell's concordance index (C-index) of the risk group score was 0.768. Therefore, the new prognostic model could be used to develop risk-adapted treatment approaches for adult sporadic BL.

3.
J Chin Med Assoc ; 85(1): 129-135, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35006129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Restoration of height or angle has been reported following vertebroplasty (VP). The purpose of the study was to investigate the predictive value of the preoperative lateral fulcrum radiograph (LFR) of success in one-level VP for painful osteoporotic vertebral fracture. METHODS: From January 2017 to January 2018, 71 patients (mean age, 76 years) receiving VP were retrospectively analyzed. Painful vertebra was defined as pseudarthrosis or edematous change in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Fulcrum flexibility (FF) and fulcrum restoration index (FRI) of the vertebral wedge angle (VWA), regional kyphotic angle (RKA), and anterior vertebral body height (AVBH) were investigated. Back pain was evaluated using a visual analogue scale. RESULTS: The 30 males and 41 females were followed for an average of 21 months. The sensitivity of LFR and MRI to detect pseudarthrosis was 92% and 97%, respectively. Preoperative FF of VWA, RKA, and AVBH was 52.4%, 58.3%, and 60%, respectively, indicating similar potential restoration ability. Postoperative average FRI for VWA, RKA, and AVBH was 1.29 ± 2.98, 0.46 ± 1.16, and 1.04 ± 1.68, respectively. Final average FRI was 0.94 ± 2.96, -0.03 ± 2.25, and 0.6 ± 2.04, respectively. VWA and AVBH had better immediate restoration, and VWA had better final maintenance. All parameters progressive lost significant levels of restoration to similar degrees but without increase in back pain. CONCLUSION: LFR can help with evaluation for pseudarthrosis and the restoration effect of VP. VP had better immediate restoration of VWA and AVBH and better final VWA maintenance.

4.
J Dent Sci ; 17(1): 14-29, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35028016

RESUMO

Background/purpose: Culture environments play a critical role in stem cell expansion. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of 2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-b-D-glucoside (THSG) on the proliferation and differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) in 2-dimensional (2D) and 3-dimensional (3D) culture systems. Materials and methods: Human DPSCs were seeded in T25 flasks for 2D cultivation. For the 3D culture system, DPSCs were mixed with microcarriers and cultured in spinner flasks. Cells in both culture systems were treated with THSG, and cell proliferation was determined using a cell counter and a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide assay. In THSG-treated DPSCs, the genes associated with proliferation, adipogenesis, neurogenesis, osteogenesis, pluripotency, oncogenesis, and apoptosis were analyzed using real-time polymerase chain reactions. Results: The spinner flask time-dependently improved cell numbers, cell viability, and expansion rates in THSG-treated DPSCs. In both the T25 and spinner flasks, the messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of proliferation, osteogenesis, and pluripotent-related genes had a significant maximum expression with 10 µM THSG treatment. However, 0.1 µM of THSG may be the most suitable condition for triggering neurogenesis and adipogenesis gene expression when DPSCs were cultured in spinner flasks. Furthermore, the number of oncogenes and apoptotic genes decreased considerably in the presence of THSG in both the T25 and spinner flasks. Conclusion: The spinner flask bioreactor combined with THSG may upregulate proliferation and lineage-specific differentiation in DPSCs. Thus, the combination can be used to mass-produce and cultivate human DPSCs for regenerative dentistry.

5.
Metab Brain Dis ; 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35032277

RESUMO

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are highly enriched in the brain and involved in many types of central nervous system pathologies. Herein, this study aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of circ_0007290 in ischemic stroke. The oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) model was established with the HCN-2 cells in vitro. Levels of genes and proteins was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot. In vitro experiments were conducted using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay, EdU (5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine) assay, flow cytometry and ELISA, respectively. The levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were measured using the commercial kit. RNA pull-down and dual-luciferase reporter assay were used to identify the target relationship between miR-496 and circ_0007290 or PDCD4 (programmed cell death protein 4). Circ_0007290 expression was elevated in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients and OGD-induced cell injury model. OGD stimulation induced neuronal apoptosis, promoted LDH release, and enhanced inflammation in HCN-2 cells, which all were reversed by the knockdown of circ_0007290. Mechanistically, circ_0007290 served as a sponge for miR-496 to relieve the repression of miR-496 on the expression of its target PDCD4. Moreover, miR-496 inhibition or PDCD4 overexpression abolished the inhibitory effects of circ_0007290 knockdown OGD-evoked neuronal injury. Knockdown of circ_0007290 alleviated OGD-induced neuronal injury by regulating miR-496/PDCD4 axis, providing a novel insight into the pathology of ischemic stroke.

7.
Cell Rep ; 38(2): 110233, 2022 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35021089

RESUMO

Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells rely on phospho-signaling pathways to gain unlimited proliferation potential. Here, we use domain-focused CRISPR screening and identify the nuclear phosphatase SCP4 as a dependency in AML, yet this enzyme is dispensable in normal hematopoietic progenitor cells. Using CRISPR exon scanning and gene complementation assays, we show that the catalytic function of SCP4 is essential in AML. Through mass spectrometry analysis of affinity-purified complexes, we identify the kinase paralogs STK35 and PDIK1L as binding partners and substrates of the SCP4 phosphatase domain. We show that STK35 and PDIK1L function catalytically and redundantly in the same pathway as SCP4 to maintain AML proliferation and to support amino acid biosynthesis and transport. We provide evidence that SCP4 regulates STK35/PDIK1L through two distinct mechanisms: catalytic removal of inhibitory phosphorylation and by promoting kinase stability. Our findings reveal a phosphatase-kinase signaling complex that supports the pathogenesis of AML.

8.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127132, 2022 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537652

RESUMO

The abuse of antibiotics has triggered the rise of drug-resistance bacteria, which has seriously threatened public health globally. As a result, carrying out efficient and accurate antibiotic and bacteria identification are quite significant but challenge. Herein, an unprecedented Cd-MOF-based sensor, [CdL]n [1, H2L = 4-(2-methyl-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-1-yl) isophthalic acid] with multiple fluorescence response behaviours towards antibiotics and bacteria was developed. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction revealed that 1 is a mesomeric 2D bilayer, which is comprised of two opposite chiral mono-layers, each assembled by left-handed or right-handed helixes. More interestingly, 1 represented multiplex detection capability towards antibiotics and bacteria through two detection behaviors: toward nitro-antibiotics and chlortetracycline (CTC) via fluorescent quenching, while toward Staphylococcus albus (S. albus) via fluorescent enhancement. Remarkably, 1 showed a low limit of detection (LOD, 47 CFU/mL) accompanied with specificity in the detection of S. albus compared to other bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus, Acinetobacter baumannii, Klebsiella pneumonia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli. In addition, the LOD could reach to ppm level for nitro-antibiotics and CTC. Moreover, the practical application of 1 was further reinforced through the detection of nitro-antibiotics and CTC, as well as S. albus in fetal calf serum and river water.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Cádmio , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Staphylococcus aureus , Staphylococcus epidermidis
9.
Theriogenology ; 177: 1-10, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653791

RESUMO

Chloroquine (CQ) could function as a lysosomotropic agent to inhibit the endolysosomal trafficking in the autophagy pathway, and is widely used on malarial, tumor and recently COVID-19. However, the effect of CQ treatment on porcine immature Sertoli cells (iSCs) remains unclear. Here we showed that CQ could reduce iSC viability in a dose-dependent manner. CQ treatment (20 µM) on iSCs for 36h could elevate oxidative stress, damage mitochondrial function and promote apoptosis, which could be partially rescued by melatonin (MT) (10 nM). Transcriptome profiling identified 1611 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) (776 up- and 835 down-regulated) (20 µM CQ vs. DMSO), mainly involved in MAPK cascade, cell proliferation/apoptosis, HIF-1, PI3K-Akt and lysosome signaling pathways. In contrast, only 467 (224 up- and 243 down-regulated) DEGs (CQ + MT vs. DMSO) could be found after MT (10 nM) addition, enriched in cell cycle, regulation of apoptotic process, lysosome and reproduction pathways. Therefore, the partial rescue effects of MT on CQ treatment were confirmed by multiple assays (cell viability, ROS level, mitochondrial function, apoptosis, and mRNA levels of selected genes). Collectively, CQ treatment could impair porcine iSC viability by deranging the signaling pathways related to apoptosis and autophagy, which could be partially rescued by MT supplementation.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Melatonina , Doenças dos Suínos , Animais , Apoptose , Autofagia , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/veterinária , Cloroquina/farmacologia , Masculino , Melatonina/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , SARS-CoV-2 , Células de Sertoli , Suínos
10.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 127: 104307, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748795

RESUMO

DNA damage inducible transcript 3 (DDIT3, also known as CHOP) belongs to the CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) family and plays an essential role in endoplasmic reticulum stress. Here, we characterized the potential role of the Chinese tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri chinensis) DDIT3 (tDDIT3) in viral infections. The tDDIT3 protein is highly conserved and has a species-specific insertion of the SQSS repeat upstream of the C-terminal basic-leucine zipper (bZIP) domain. Phylogenetic analysis of DDIT3 protein sequences of tree shrew and related mammals indicated a closer genetic affinity between tree shrew and primates than between tree shrew and rodents. Three positively selected sites (PSSs: Glu83, Pro93, and Ser172) were identified in tDDIT3 based on the branch-site model. Expression analysis of tDDIT3 showed a constitutively expressed level in different tissues and a significantly increased level in tree shrew cells upon herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and Newcastle disease virus (NDV) infections. Overexpression of tDDIT3 significantly increased the production of HSV-1 and vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) in tree shrew primary renal cells (TSPRCs), whereas tDDIT3 knockout in tree shrew stable cell line (TSR6 cells) had an inhibitory effect on virus production. The enhanced effect on viral infection by tDDIT3 was not associated with the three PSSs. Mechanistically, tDDIT3 overexpression inhibited type I IFN signaling. tDDIT3 interacted with tMAVS through CARD and PRR domains, but not with other immune-related factors such as tMDA5, tSTING and tTBK1. Collectively, our results revealed tDDIT3 as a negative regulator for virus infection.

12.
Front Oncol ; 11: 764912, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34868987

RESUMO

Therapeutic options for metastatic CRC (mCRC) have changed significantly in recent years, greatly increasing the complexity of therapeutic decision-making. Although oncology guidelines have helped improve the care process, guidelines may also limit the flexibility to individualize in-clinic decision-making. This consensus paper addresses specific gaps in the current international guidelines to assist Taiwanese colon and rectal experts make specific therapeutic choices. Over 3 years and three meetings with selected experts on "real-world" Taiwanese practice patterns for mCRC, consensus was achieved. The experts also discussed specific questions during in-depth one-on-one consultation. Outcomes of the discussion were then correlated with published evidence by an independent medical writer. The final consensus includes clinically implementable recommendations to provide guidance in treating Taiwanese mCRC patients. The consensus includes criteria for defining fit and unfit intensive treatment patients, treatment goals, treatment considerations of molecular profiles, treatment consideration, and optimal treatment choices between different patient archetypes, including optimal treatment options based on RAS, BRAF, and microsatellite instability (MSI) status. This consensus paper is the second in the Taiwan Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons (TSCRS) Consensus series to address unmet gaps in guideline recommendations in lieu of Taiwanese mCRC management. Meticulous discussions with experts, the multidisciplinary nature of the working group, and the final drafting of the consensus by independent medical professionals have contributed to the strong scientific value of this consensus.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34870404

RESUMO

Efficient separation of acetylene from a ternary acetylene-containing mixture is an important and vital task in petrochemical industry, which is difficult to achieve using a single material. Herein, a new Ca2+-based metal-organic framework (MOF) [Ca(dtztp)0.5(DMA)]·2H2O (1) was constructed using the N,O-donor ligand 2,5-di(2H-tetrazol-5-yl)terephthalic acid and the less-studied alkaline earth Ca2+ ions. The MOF shows a 3D honeycomb framework based on unique metal-carboxylate-azolate rod secondary building units. Owing to the presence of high-density organic hydrogen-bonding acceptors and open metal sites (OMSs), the activated MOF shows high adsorption capacity for C2H2 and selectivity for C2H2 over CO2, C2H4, C2H6, and CH4. Dynamic breakthrough experiments indicated the actual C2H2 separation potential of the MOF from binary (C2H2-C2H4 and C2H2-CO2) and ternary (C2H2-C2H4-CO2 and C2H2-C2H4-C2H6) mixtures. Simulations revealed that the synergistic interactions between the OMSs and N atoms in MOF and C2H2 molecules play an important role in the separation of C2H2.

14.
Talanta ; 239: 123086, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34871866

RESUMO

Asymptomatic infection of COVID-19 is a global threat for public health. Unfortunately, the study about metabolic dysregulation of asymptomatic infection is barely investigated. Here, we performed carboxylic submetabolome profiling of serum from 62 asymptomatic and 122 control individuals, by a highly sensitive chemical isotope labelling method. Twenty-one discriminative carboxylic features, including 12-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, cholic acid, glycoursodeoxycholic acid and 15,16-dihydroxyoctadeca-9,12-dienoic acid were discovered to be dysregulated in asymptomatic patients. This panel containing 21 carboxylic features could accurately identify asymptomatic patients based on a random forest model, providing an accuracy of 85.7% with only 3.6% false positive rate and 7.1% false negative rate. The dysregulated metabolites found in asymptomatic patients covered several important pathways, such as arachidonic acid metabolism, synthesis of bile acid, ß-oxidation of fatty acids, activation of macrophage and platelet aggregation. This work provided valuable knowledge about serum biomarkers and molecular clues associated with asymptomatic COVID-19 patients.

16.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2021 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34889609

RESUMO

Lithium (Li) metal anodes are attractive for high-energy-density batteries. Dead Li is inevitably generated during the delithiation of deposited Li based on a conversion reaction, which severely depletes active Li and electrolyte and induces a short lifespan. In this contribution, a successive conversion-deintercalation (CTD) delithiation mechanism is proposed by manipulating the overpotential of the anode to restrain the generation of dead Li. The delithiation at initial cycles is solely carried out by a conversion reaction of Li metal. When the overpotential of the anode increases over the delithiation potential of lithiated graphite after cycling, a deintercalation reaction is consequently triggered to complete a whole CTD delithiation process, largely reducing the formation of dead Li due to a highly reversible deintercalation reaction. Under practical conditions, the working batteries based on a CTD delithiation mechanism maintain 210 cycles with a capacity retention of 80% in comparison to 110 cycles of a bare Li anode. Moreover, a 1 Ah pouch cell with a CTD delithiation mechanism operates for 150 cycles. The work ingeniously restrains the generation of dead Li by manipulating the delithiation mechanisms of the anode and contributes to a fresh concept for the design of practical composite Li anodes.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34890343

RESUMO

Deep learning algorithms have led to a series of breakthroughs in computer vision, acoustical signal processing, and others. However, they have only been popularized recently due to the groundbreaking techniques developed for training deep architectures. Understanding the training techniques is important if we want to further improve them. Through extensive experimentation, Erhan et al. (2010) empirically illustrated that unsupervised pretraining has an effect of regularization for deep learning algorithms. However, theoretical justifications for the observation remain elusive. In this article, we provide theoretical supports by analyzing how unsupervised pretraining regularizes deep learning algorithms. Specifically, we interpret deep learning algorithms as the traditional Tikhonov-regularized batch learning algorithms that simultaneously learn predictors in the input feature spaces and the parameters of the neural networks to produce the Tikhonov matrices. We prove that unsupervised pretraining helps in learning meaningful Tikhonov matrices, which will make the deep learning algorithms uniformly stable and the learned predictor will generalize fast w.r.t. the sample size. Unsupervised pretraining, therefore, can be interpreted as to have the function of regularization.

18.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2021: 6962-6965, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34892705

RESUMO

A non-contact bedside monitoring system using medical radar is expected to be applied to clinical fields. Our previous studies have developed a monitoring system based on medical radar for measuring respiratory rate (RR) and heart rate (HR). Heart rate variability (HRV), which is essentially implemented in advanced monitoring system, such as prognosis prediction, is a more challenging biological information than the RR and HR. In this study, we designed a HRV measurement filter and proposed a method to evaluate the optimal cardiac signal extraction filter for HRV measurement. Because the cardiac component in the radar signal is much smaller than the respiratory component, it is necessary to extract the cardiac element from the radar output signal using digital filters. It depends on the characteristics of the filter whether the HRV information is kept in the extracted cardiac signal or not. A cardiac signal extraction filter that is not distorted in the time domain and does not miss the cardiac component must be adopted. Therefore, we focused on evaluating the interval between the R-peak of the electrocardiogram (ECG) and the radar-cardio peak of the cardiac signal measured by radar (R-radar interval). This is based on the fact that the time between heart depolarization and ventricular contraction is measured as the R-radar interval. A band-pass filter (BPF) with several bandwidths and a nonlinear filter, locally projective adaptive signal separation (LoPASS), were analyzed and compared. The optimal filter was quantitatively evaluated by analyzing the distribution and standard deviation of the R-radar intervals. The performance of this monitoring system was evaluated in elderly patient at the Yokohama Hospital, Japan.

19.
Thorac Cancer ; 2021 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34935288

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are the standard treatment for advanced lung cancer, but immune-related adverse events (irAEs) remain poorly understood, especially in a real-world setting. METHODS: A multicenter observational study was conducted. Medical records of lung cancer patients treated with ICIs at 26 hospitals from January 1, 2015, to February 28, 2021, were retrieved. Types of ICIs included antiprogrammed cell death 1 or antiprogrammed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) monotherapy, anticytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 monotherapy, or combination therapy. RESULTS: In total, 1905 patients with advanced lung cancer were evaluated. The median age was 63 (range 28-87) years, and the male/female ratio was 3.1:1 (1442/463). The primary histological subtype was adenocarcinoma (915). A total of 26.9% (512/1905) of the patients developed 671 irAEs, and 5.8% (110/1905) developed 120 grade 3-5 irAEs. Median duration from ICI initiation to irAEs onset was 56 (range 0-1160) days. The most common irAEs were thyroid dysfunction (7.2%, 138/1905), pneumonitis (6.5%, 124/1905), and dermatological toxicities (6.0%, 115/1905). A total of 162 irAEs were treated with steroids and 11 irAEs led to death. Patients with positive PD-L1 expression (≥1%) and who received first-line ICI treatment developed more irAEs. Patients who developed irAEs had a better disease control rate (DCR, 71.3% [365/512] vs. 56.0% [780/1145]; p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence rate of irAEs was 26.9% in a real-world setting. IrAEs might be related to a better DCR, but clinicians should be more aware of irAE recognition and management in clinical practice.

20.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 79(1): 44, 2021 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34971424

RESUMO

Triacylglycerol lipase (TGL) is an essential lipid metabolism enzyme that also plays a critical role in energy metabolism; however, how it regulates other life processes is unknown. To investigate the functional role of TGL in moth reproduction, males Sitotroga cerealella were used as a model. The TGL gene was cloned and analysed. The results showed that the open reading frame of TGL was 1968 bp long and contained three conserved regions. TGL gene expression was higher in the larval and early adult stages than in the pupal stage, with the highest levels observed in the fat body, testis and accessory glands during the early adult stage. Moreover, after TGL in male adults was silenced through RNAi, the protein content in male accessory glands remained unchanged, and the spermatophore transferred into females mated with TGL-silenced males became small and empty; meanwhile, the number of apyrene sperm in the spermatophore was significantly reduced due to the reduction of apyrene sperm in males, which eventually led to the significant reduction of egg-laying amount. All of the findings suggest that TGL regulates the amount of sperm in male moths as well as the morphology and quality of spermatophores transferred to females after mating with treated males, implying that TGL is critical for Sitotroga cerealella's reproductive process.


Assuntos
Lipase/fisiologia , Reprodução , Testículo/metabolismo , Animais , Larva/metabolismo , Masculino , Mariposas
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