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1.
Chin J Traumatol ; 22(1): 1-11, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30850324

RESUMO

Vacuum sealing drainage (VSD) is frequently used in abdominal surgeries. However, relevant guidelines are rare. Chinese Trauma Surgeon Association organized a committee composed of 28 experts across China in July 2017, aiming to provide an evidence-based recommendation for the application of VSD in abdominal surgeries. Eleven questions regarding the use of VSD in abdominal surgeries were addressed: (1) which type of materials should be respectively chosen for the intraperitoneal cavity, retroperitoneal cavity and superficial incisions? (2) Can VSD be preventively used for a high-risk abdominal incision with primary suture? (3) Can VSD be used in severely contaminated/infected abdominal surgical sites? (4) Can VSD be used for temporary abdominal cavity closure under some special conditions such as severe abdominal trauma, infection, liver transplantation and intra-abdominal volume increment in abdominal compartment syndrome? (5) Can VSD be used in abdominal organ inflammation, injury, or postoperative drainage? (6) Can VSD be used in the treatment of intestinal fistula and pancreatic fistula? (7) Can VSD be used in the treatment of intra-abdominal and extra-peritoneal abscess? (8) Can VSD be used in the treatment of abdominal wall wounds, wound cavity, and defects? (9) Does VSD increase the risk of bleeding? (10) Does VSD increase the risk of intestinal wall injury? (11) Does VSD increase the risk of peritoneal adhesion? Focusing on these questions, evidence-based recommendations were given accordingly. VSD was strongly recommended regarding the questions 2-4. Weak recommendations were made regarding questions 1 and 5-11. Proper use of VSD in abdominal surgeries can lower the risk of infection in abdominal incisions with primary suture, treat severely contaminated/infected surgical sites and facilitate temporary abdominal cavity closure.


Assuntos
Abdome/cirurgia , Drenagem/métodos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Traumatologia/organização & administração , Vácuo , China , Humanos
2.
Indian J Surg ; 77(1): 75-8, 2015 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25829721

RESUMO

As a new surgical technique, "one-stop hybrid procedure" is rarely applied in trauma patients. This paper aims to explore its role in vascular injury of the lower extremity. Vascular intervention combined with open surgery was performed to treat three cases of vessel injuries of the lower extremity in our hybrid operating room. One patient with stab injury to the left femoral vein was treated by temporary artery blocking after excluding arterial injury by angiography, followed by blocking surgery and debridement and repair of the injured vein. The other two patients with drug addiction history, who were found to have pricking injuries to the femoral artery combined with local infection, were successfully treated by endovascular techniques and open debridement. One-stop hybrid procedure in treating vascular injury patients could simplify the operation procedure, reduce operative risk, and achieve good curative effect.

3.
Chin J Traumatol ; 15(4): 241-3, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22863344

RESUMO

Penetrating injury to the rectum, vertebral body and spinal cord by a steel rod is a rare condition. Treatment of this kind of injury is very challenging. Rectal injury requires repair and fecal diversion, while debridement of the spine is difficult, especially when the injury site is very long. Here we report a case of penetrating injury of rectum and sacral vertebra by a steel rod after falling onto the ground from 1 m height. The abscess cavity was irrigated with 3% hydrogen peroxide and physio-logical saline repeatedly. The bony canal was carefully debrided, curetted and bony fragments were removed. Spinal irrigation and drainage lasted for 2 months and sensitive antibiotic (amikacin sulfate) was given 7 days after surgery, but abscess was still formed in the vertebral canal. At 6-month follow-up, the patient was paralyzed without any neurological improvement, and the pain in low back and lower limb still continued.


Assuntos
Reto , Aço , Abscesso , Drenagem , Humanos , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia
4.
Chin J Traumatol ; 14(1): 42-5, 2011 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21276367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the surgical treatment for patients with multiple injuries in ICU. METHODS: Clinical data of 163 multiple injury patients admitted to ICU of our hospital from January 2006 to January 2009 were retrospectively studied, including 118 males and 45 females, with the mean age of 36.2 years (range, 5-67 years). The injury regions included head and neck (29 cases), face (32 cases), chest (89 cases), abdomen (77 cases), pelvis and limbs (91 cases) and body surface (83 cases). There were 57 cases combined with shock. ISS values varied from 10 to 54, 18.42 on average. Patients received surgical treatments in ICU within respectively 24 hours (10 cases), 24-48 hours (8 cases), 3-7 days (7 cases) and 8-14 days (23 cases). RESULTS: For the 163 patients, the duration of ICU stay ranged from 2 to 29 days, with the average value of 7.56 days. Among them, 143 were cured (87.73%), 11 died in the hospital (6.75%) due to severe hemorrhagic shock (6 cases), craniocerebral injury (3 cases) and multiple organ failure (2 cases), and 9 died after voluntarily discharging from hospital (5.52%). The total mortality rate was 12.27%. CONCLUSIONS: The damage control principle should be followed when multiple injury patients are resuscitated in ICU. Surgical treatment strategies include actively controlling hemorrhage, treating the previously missed injuries and related wounds or surgical complications and performing planned staging operations.


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Traumatismo Múltiplo/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia
5.
Chin J Traumatol ; 13(3): 182-7, 2010 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20515598

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of polyethylene glycol 4000 on adult patients with functional constipation due to posttraumatic confinement to bed. METHODS: A total of 201 posttraumatic bedridden patients were studied in this prospective, open-labeled, single-group study. Polyethylene glycol 4000 was administered orally for 14 days and the dosage was adjusted according to the Bristol stool types. Demographic characteristics, disease status, treatment period and factors affecting clinical outcome, especially the concomitant medications, were recorded. RESULTS: After administration of polyethylene glycol 4000, 194 cases (96.52%) showed remission of constipation, including 153 (76.12%) persistent remission. The average defecation frequency increased significantly after treatment and the percentage of patients with stools of normal types (Bristol types 3-5) increased as well. Genders, ages and concomitant medications showed no significant influence on the persistent remission rate. After consecutive treatment for two weeks, patients with slight movement showed a significantly higher remission rate than those without movement (95% vs 80%). At the end of treatment, most accompanying symptoms were relieved obviously. Patients with a medical history of constipation or ever taking laxatives showed a lower remission rate. Sixty cases (29.85%) developed diarrhea during the observational period, among whom 6 (10%) withdrew from the clinical observation voluntarily at the first onset of diarrhea. Two cases suffered from abdominal pain. CONCLUSIONS: Polyethylene glycol 4000 has efficacy on functional constipation in posttraumatic bedridden patients. Furthermore, patients with milder symptoms, more movement in bed, and longer duration of treatment but without accompanying symptoms can achieve a higher remission rate.


Assuntos
Constipação Intestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Polietilenoglicóis/uso terapêutico , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Repouso em Cama , Constipação Intestinal/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polietilenoglicóis/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Crit Care Med ; 36(8): 2274-80, 2008 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18596635

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Several polymorphisms in the CD14 promoter have been reported to be associated with various inflammatory diseases. However, conflicting results have been shown in association studies in different populations. This study aimed to investigate the possible functional significance of both the G-1145A and T-159C polymorphisms in the CD14 promoter and their association with organ dysfunction and sepsis in adult trauma patients. DESIGN: Genetic, functional, and association studies. SETTING: National Key Laboratory of Trauma and Departments of Traumatic Surgery in two teaching hospitals. SUBJECTS: Three hundred twenty-five healthy volunteers and 105 patients with major trauma. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Among the five single nucleotide polymorphisms identified within CD14 promoter in a Chinese Han population, two single nucleotide polymorphisms (G-1145A and T-159C) were selected according to bioinformatics analysis. Promoter activity of polymorphisms was determined using the reporter gene assay. Plasma sCD14 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Both single nucleotide polymorphisms significantly reduced transcriptional activity of the promoter, and were significantly associated with a decrease of inducible sCD14 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha production in an allele-dose effect. Moreover, trauma patients carrying the -1145 A or -159 C allele appeared to have a decreased risk of multiple organ dysfunction and sepsis. In addition, both polymorphisms had a marked synergistic effect. CONCLUSIONS: The CD14/-1145 and -159 polymorphisms are functional variants, which may function in a synergistic fashion, and could be used as biological risk predictors of multiorgan dysfunction and sepsis in trauma patients.


Assuntos
DNA/genética , Receptores de Lipopolissacarídeos/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Ferimentos e Lesões/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , China , Biologia Computacional , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Ferimentos e Lesões/sangue
7.
Yao Xue Xue Bao ; 42(6): 618-20, 2007 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17702398

RESUMO

Salsola collina is widely distributed in droughty and semi-droughty area, which is used as a kind of folk remedy in traditional Chinese medicine for treatment of hypertension. The study is on the chemical constituents of this herb from its aerial parts to obtain its active constituents. Dried and crushed aerial parts of this herb were extracted three times with 95% EtOH at reflux. The ethanol extracts were combined and concentrated under reduced pressure at 70 degrees C to yield residue, which was suspended in water and successively partitioned with light petroleum, chloroform and n-butanol. The chloroform and n-butanol fractions were treated by various chromatographic techniques, such as silica gel, C18 reversed-phase silica gel and macroporous resin column chromatography. Compounds were elucidated by their physicochemical properties and spectroscopic analysis. In the course of our study on searching biological active components from this herb, a new alkaloid together with three known alkaloids were isolated and identified as N-transferuloyl-3-methyldopamine (1), 3-[4-(beta-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-3-methoxyphenyl]-N-[2-(4-hydroxyl-3-methoxyphenyl) ethyl]-2-propenamide (2), salsoline A (3), salsoline B (4). Compound 4 is a new compound and named as salsoline B, while compound 2 was obtained in Salsola collina for the first time.


Assuntos
Salsola/química , Alcaloides de Salsolina/isolamento & purificação , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Alcaloides de Salsolina/química
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 32(5): 409-13, 2007 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17511147

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the chemical constituents of Salsola collina. METHOD: The EtOH extract from the whole plant of S. collina were isolated and purified by column chromatography. These compounds were identified by their physical properties and spectroscopic data. RESULT: Eleven compounds were isolated and identified as ferulic acid (1), p-coumaric acid (2), salicylic acid (3), tricin (4), selagin (5), acanthoside D (6), tricin -7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (7), tricin-4'-O-beta-D-apioside (8), isorhamnetin-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (9), isorhamnetin-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (10), isorhamnetin-3-O-alpha-L-arabinopyranosyl (1-->6) -beta-D-glucopyranoside (11). CONCLUSION: wherein compound 1, 2, 3, 5, 6 and 9 were isolated from the Salsola for the first time.


Assuntos
Ácidos Cumáricos/isolamento & purificação , Plantas Medicinais/química , Salsola/química , Ácidos Cumáricos/química , Flavonóis/química , Flavonóis/isolamento & purificação , Furanos/química , Furanos/isolamento & purificação , Glucosídeos/química , Glucosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Lignanas/química , Lignanas/isolamento & purificação
9.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 29(4): 484-7, 2007 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19209789

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the polymorphisms of myeloid differentiation-2 (MD-2) gene promoters, and to explore whether such polymorphisms are associated with the susceptibility to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) and sepsis in Chinese Han population. METHODS: Using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method, the authors detected the single nucleotide polymorphisms of the promoter region of MD-2 gene at position - 1625C/G in 105 severe trauma patients (42 with sepsis). The organ function was scored. RESULTS: The frequency of CC genotype in MD-2 gene promoter region at position - 1625 was 0.5 (21/42) in septic patients and 0.7 (44/63) in non-septic patients. The frequency of CG genotype was 0.38 (16/42) in septic patients and 0.27 (17/63) in non-septic patients. The frequency of GG genotype was 0.12 (5/42) in septic patients and 0.03 (2/63) in non-septic patients. The MODS scores in trauma patients carrying G allele at position - 1625 were significantly higher than those carrying C allele (P<0.001 for dominant effect, and P>0.05 for recessive effect). Moreover, trauma patients carrying G allele appeared to have higher risk of sepsis comparing to those carrying C allele (OR 0.477, 95% CI 0.266-0.855, P<0.05). Sepsis morbidity was significantly different between subjects with C and G alleles (P<0.05 for dominant effect, P>0.05 for recessive effect). CONCLUSIONS: The polymorphisms of the promoter region of MD-2 gene at position - 1625 C/G is correlated with MODS and sepsis after severe trauma in Chinese Han population. The people with - 1625 G allele in the promoter region of MD-2 gene may be a risk factor of severe complications.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Antígeno 96 de Linfócito/genética , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/genética , Sepse/genética , Ferimentos e Lesões/genética , China , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/etiologia , Polimorfismo Genético , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Sepse/etiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações
10.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 22(4): 243-6, 2006 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17175635

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the influence on prognosis and possible side-effects of arginine in METHODS: Multi-center clinical trial, randomized double blinded patients with severe trauma and burns. and placebo control methods were employed in the study. Eighty-six patients with severe trauma and burns were randomly divided into control (C, n = 45) and arginine treatment (Arg, n = 41) groups. The patients in Arg group received arginine in dose of 0. 4 g x kg(-1) x d(-1) orally, while those in C group received same dose of placebo (tyrosine) for 7 days. All the patients in both groups were given diet with equal calories and equal nitrogen content. The changes in the wound healing time, hospital stay, and the incidence of side-effects of the medication in both groups of patients were observed and compared before and after the supplementation of arginine. RESULTS: The wound healing time and hospital stay days of severe trauma patient in Arg group (n = 29) were 11. 1+/-2. 8 d and 19+/-6 d, which were all obviously shorter than those in C group (13. 2+/-5. 5 d, 22 +/-6 d, n =33, P <0.05). On the other hand, in severe burn patients there were no significant difference of the wound healing time (20+/-5 d vs 22+/-8 d, n = 12, P > 0. 05) and hospital stay days (28+/-6 d vs 29+/-8 d, n = 12, P >0. 05) between the Arg and C groups. In addition, in C and Arg groups, the occurrence of the side-effects were seldom (2. 44% vs 2. 22% , P = 1. 000) and it disappeared when the supplementation of drugs was stopped. CONCLUSION: Oral feeding of arginine is beneficial in enhancing wound healing, reduction of hospital stay days in severe trauma patients and with little side-effects, but it is not beneficial to improve the prognosis of severe burn patients. Maybe this is due to inadequate number of case involved in the study.


Assuntos
Arginina/uso terapêutico , Queimaduras/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Arginina/administração & dosagem , Arginina/efeitos adversos , Queimaduras/diagnóstico , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Cicatrização
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14663941

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of vacuum sealing(VS) technique and emergency internal fixation on the management of limbs open fracture and soft tissue dirty defects. METHODS: Fourteen patients (18 limbs) with open fracture and soft tissue dirty defects were treated by the VS technique and internal fixation after debridement and 14 patients managed by traditional method as control group. Wound surface were covered with polyvinyl alcohol foams with embedded drainage tubes connected with vacuum bottle (negative pressure of 50 to 60 kPa) after wound surface were debrided and fracture were fixed. Wound closure was performed with secondary suturing, or free flap, or loco-regional flap and mesh-grafts after 5 to 7 days. RESULTS: All wound surface healed completely. No complications (systemic and local) were found. After 4-6 months follow-up on average, the fracture healed well. There was significant difference in time of treatment, total cost of treatment and complication rate between 2 groups (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: The VS procedure can drain the wound surface completely, decrease infection rate and stimulate the proliferation of granulation tissue. A combination of VS with emergency internal fixation is a simple and effective method in treatment of limbs open fracture and soft tissue dirty defects.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas Expostas/cirurgia , Sucção , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Desbridamento , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Álcool de Polivinil/uso terapêutico , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Fraturas da Tíbia/cirurgia , Vácuo
12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12508428

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of vacuum sealing in treatment of traumatic soft tissue defect. METHODS: From 1998. 8 to 2001. 2, 49 patients with 55 traumatic soft tissue defects were treated by vacuum sealing after debridement. Among them, there were 39 males and 10 females with mean age 38. 4 years. The wound area varied from 10 cm x 10 cm to 30 cm x 30 cm. In the experimental group, the wound surfaces or cavities were filled with polyvinyl alcohol foams with embedded drainage tubes connected with vacuum bottle (negative pressure of 50-60 kPa). Wound closure was performed with secondary suturing, or skin transplantation, or local flap grafting after 5-7 days. Besides, 126 patients were managed by traditional dressing as the control group. RESULTS: Out of 51 traumatic soft tissue defects (45 patients), the wound closure was performed with a free flap in 4, with local flap in 8, with skin grafting in 27, with secondary suturing in 6, and with vacuum sealing directly in the other 6 defects. Forty-five patients recovered and no complications (systemic and located) occurred. There were significant differences in time of secondary suturing, times of dressing, wound shrink and total therapeutic cost between two groups (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: Vacuum sealing can protect the wound against contamination, evacuate the wound exudates completely, stimulate the growth of granulation tissue, and facilitate the wound healing; so vacuum sealing is a simple and effective method in treatment of traumatic soft tissue defect.


Assuntos
Curativos Oclusivos , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/terapia , Infecção dos Ferimentos/terapia , Adulto , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polivinil , Transplante de Pele , Sucção/instrumentação , Sucção/métodos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Vácuo , Cicatrização
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