Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 534
Filtrar
1.
Circ J ; 2020 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32461512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low population density may be associated with high mortality in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of population density and hospital primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) volume on AMI in-hospital mortality in Japan.Methods and Results:This is a retrospective study of 64,414 AMI patients transported to hospital by ambulances. The main outcome measure was in-hospital mortality. The median population density was 1,147 (interquartile range, 342-5,210) persons/km2. There was a significant negative relationship between population density and in-hospital mortality (OR for a quartile down in population density 1.086, 95% CI 1.042-1.132, P<0.001). Patients in less densely populated areas were more often transported to hospitals with a lower primary PCI volume, and they had a longer distance to travel. By using multivariable analysis, primary PCI volume was found to be significantly associated with in-hospital mortality, but distance to hospital was not. When divided into the low- and high-volume hospitals, using the cut-off value of 115 annual primary PCI procedures, the increase in in-hospital mortality associated with low population density was observed only in patients hospitalized in the low-volume hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: Increased in-hospital mortality related to low population density was observed only in AMI patients who were transported to the low primary PCI volume hospitals, but not in those who were transported to high-volume hospitals.

2.
Hepatol Res ; 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32401388

RESUMO

AIM: The long-term prognosis of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection who have received antiviral therapy and who demonstrate HCV eradication remains incompletely characterized. In this study, we investigated the long-term prognosis of liver disease in patients with eradication of HCV. METHODS: A total of 552 patients with chronic HCV infection (6,815 person-years) who were treated with interferon-based therapy and who achieved sustained virological response were included. Yearly transition probabilities for each liver state (chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC]) were calculated using a Markov chain model. RESULTS: In the analysis of 1-year liver disease state transition probabilities, progression to cirrhosis occurred in 0.5-2.1% of male patients with chronic hepatitis across all age groups. In male patients with cirrhosis, HCC developed in 0.6-1.9% of patients over the age of 50. In female patients with chronic hepatitis, progression to cirrhosis occurred in 0.4-2.1% of patients across all age groups. In addition, in female patients with cirrhosis, HCC developed in those aged 60-69 (0.4%) and 70-79 (0.4%) years. Under the assumption of either a chronic hepatitis or cirrhosis state at age 40 or 60 years as the starting condition for simulation over the next 40 or 20 years, respectively, the probability of HCC gradually increased with age and was higher in male patients. CONCLUSIONS: The development or progression of cirrhosis and the development of HCC are risks in HCV patients despite HCV eradication, not only in those with cirrhosis but also in those with chronic hepatitis.

3.
Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care ; : 2048872620926681, 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32419479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction is known to be associated with worse short-term outcome than non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. However, whether or not this trend holds true in patients with a high Killip class has been unclear. METHODS: We analyzed 3704 acute myocardial infarction patients with Killip II-IV class from the Japan Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry and compared the short-term outcomes between ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (n = 2943) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (n = 761). In addition, we also performed the same analysis in different age subgroups: <80 years and ≥80 years. RESULTS: In the overall population, there were no significant difference in the in-hospital mortality (20.0% vs 17.1%, p = 0.065) between ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction groups. Patients <80 years of age also showed no difference in the in-hospital mortality (15.7% vs 15.2%, p = 0.807) between ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (n = 2001) and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (n = 453) groups, whereas among those ≥80 years of age, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (n = 942) was associated with significantly higher in-hospital mortality (29.3% vs 19.8%, p = 0.001) and in-hospital cardiac mortality (23.3% vs 15.0%, p = 0.002) than non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (n = 308). After adjusting for covariates, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction was a significant predictor for in-hospital mortality (odds ratio 2.117; 95% confidence interval, 1.204-3.722; p = 0.009) in patients ≥80 years of age. CONCLUSION: Among cases of acute myocardial infarction with a high Killip class, there was no marked difference in the short-term outcomes between ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in younger patients, while ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction showed worse short-term outcomes in elderly patients than non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Future study identifying the prognostic factors for the specific anticipation intensive cares is needed in this high-risk group.

4.
J Cardiol ; 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389534

RESUMO

Dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) reduces the risk of ischemic events, including stent thrombosis, in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), while oral anticoagulants are superior to antiplatelet therapy for preventing thromboembolic events, including ischemic stroke, in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Reportedly, the AF population accounts for approximately 5 to 10% of patients undergoing PCI. From a theoretical viewpoint, combination therapy of DAPT and oral anticoagulation was previously recommended in patients with AF undergoing PCI. However, long-term triple therapy carries the risk of major bleeding. Recent clinical trials (WOEST, PIONEER AF-PCI, RE-DUAL PCI, AUGUSTUS, and ENTRUST AF-PCI trials) demonstrated the advantage of dual therapy with an oral anticoagulant (warfarin or direct oral anticoagulant) plus an antiplatelet agent, which decreased the rate of major bleeding in the acute phase in AF patients who underwent PCI. These results affected guidelines, which now recommend that the duration of triple therapy should be limited, and dual therapy should be considered an alternative regimen when considering the bleeding risk. The current guidelines recommend monotherapy with an oral anticoagulant after 12 months of combination therapy, or in patients with AF and stable coronary artery diseases not requiring intervention. However, this approach has yet to be validated by randomized, controlled trials. Recently, the AFIRE trial demonstrated that rivaroxaban monotherapy was noninferior to dual therapy in terms of efficacy and superior in terms of safety in this population. Accumulating evidence demonstrates that there has been a paradigm shift in antithrombotic therapy to a "less is more" regimen. This article reviews current evidence and focuses on the optimal approach to antithrombotic treatment in patients with AF undergoing PCI in acute and chronic/stable phases.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) has been shown to correlate with various viral markers in chronic hepatitis B, but its role in defining natural history is not well studied. We aimed to investigate the use of HBcrAg to define different phases of chronic hepatitis B. METHODS: Stored residual serum samples from longitudinal cohorts of chronic hepatitis B patients in Hong Kong and Japan were studied. Viral markers were measured in three serial serum samples for each patient. Patients were divided into six groups for analysis: hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic infection (EPI), HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis (EPH), HBeAg seroconversion (ES), HBeAg-negative chronic hepatitis (ENH), HBeAg-negative chronic infection (ENI), and HBsAg seroclearance (SS). RESULTS: In total, 166 patients followed up for 100 (76-113) months were included. HBcrAg was correlated with hepatitis B virus DNA and HBsAg levels in both HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative patients. HBcrAg cut-off of ≥ 6.0 log U/mL could best differentiate HBeAg-positive from HBeAg-negative patients (area under receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.99, P < 0.001). HBcrAg could not differentiate patients in EPI and EPH phases, but HBcrAg declined dramatically at HBeAg seroconversion. In HBeAg-negative patients, HBcrAg ≥ 4.0 log U/mL could best differentiate ENH from ENI (area under receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.81; P < 0.001), with high specificity (81.6%) but only moderate sensitivity (65.7%) at baseline. Undetectable HBcrAg was found in 17%, 63%, and 89% patients in ENH, ENI, and SS groups at the last visit, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: HBcrAg provides useful information to stage the natural history of chronic hepatitis B, particularly identifying HBeAg-positive patients and HBeAg-negative patients with active disease.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282538

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Tenofovir alafenamide is a new prodrug of tenofovir that allows for the treatment of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) at a lower dose than with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, due to the more efficient delivery of tenofovir to hepatocytes. In this study, we compared entecavir and tenofovir alafenamide in terms of their ability to reduce hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in the same group of patients with HBV infection. METHODS: During March and June 2018, 129 patients who received entecavir were switched to tenofovir alafenamide. Every 3- 6 months for 1 year before and after switching to tenofovir alafenamide, all patients underwent measurements of HBsAg, hepatitis core-related antigen (HBcrAg), calcium (Ca), inorganic phosphorus, and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). RESULTS: The percent decline rate during the entecavir and tenofovir alafenamide phases at 6 months were 2.38% (-3.57 to 0.00) and -3.57% (-7.14 to 0.00), respectively, and those at 12 months were 3.03% (-6.57 to 0.00) and -5.56% (-7.41 to -2.50), respectively. HBsAg levels were reduced significantly more during the tenofovir alafenamide phase than during the entecavir phase (P < 0.0001). There were no significant differences in the percent declines of HBcrAg, Ca, inorganic phosphorus, or eGFR during the entecavir and tenofovir alafenamide phases after 1 year. CONCLUSION: tenofovir alafenamide significantly decreased HBsAg levels compared to entecavir.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32282541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lenvatinib, a newly developed molecularly targeted agent, has become available as a first-line therapy in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) has been associated with poor outcome in various malignancies, including HCC. In this study, we investigated the ability of PLR to predict outcomes in patients with unresectable HCC who received lenvatinib. METHODS: Multivariate survival analysis was performed in 283 patients with unresectable HCC who received lenvatinib. In addition, the utility of PLR for predicting survival was clarified using an inverse probability weighting (IPW) analysis. RESULTS: Cumulative overall survival at 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 days was 95.2, 83.8, 68.3, 60.3, and 49.9%, respectively. Multivariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards modeling showed that PLR (≥150) [hazard ratio, 1.588; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.039-2.428; P = 0.033], α-fetoprotein level, and Barcelona clinic liver cancer stage were independently associated with overall survival. Cumulative overall survival differed significantly between patients with low versus high PLR (P = 0.029). In addition, univariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards modeling adjusted by IPW showed that PLR (≥150) (hazard ratio, 1.396; 95% CI, 1.051-1.855; P = 0.021) was significantly associated with overall survival. Conversely, univariate analysis with Cox proportional hazards modeling adjusted only by IPW showed that PLR (≥150) (hazard ratio, 1.254; 95% CI, 1.016-1.549; P = 0.035) was significantly associated with progression-free survival. PLR values were not independently associated with therapeutic responses before or after IPW-adjusted logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: PLR predicted overall survival in patients with unresectable HCC who received lenvatinib.

9.
Biophys Rev ; 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32270446

RESUMO

Thermostabilization of a membrane proteins, especially G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs), is often necessary for biochemical applications and pharmaceutical studies involving structure-based drug design. Here we review our theoretical, physics-based method for identifying thermostabilizing amino acid mutations. Its novel aspects are the following: The entropic effect originating from the translational displacement of hydrocarbon groups within the lipid bilayer is treated as a pivotal factor; a reliable measure of thermostability is introduced and a mutation which enlarges the measure to a significant extent is chosen; and all the possible mutations can be examined with moderate computational effort. It was shown that mutating the residue at a position of NBW = 3.39 (NBW is the Ballesteros-Weinstein number) to Arg or Lys leads to the stabilization of significantly many different GPCRs of class A in the inactive state. Up to now, we have been successful in stabilizing several GPCRs and newly solving three-dimensional structures for the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor 2 (M2R), prostaglandin E receptor 4 (EP4), and serotonin 2A receptor (5-HT2AR) using X-ray crystallography. The subjects to be pursued in future studies are also discussed.

11.
J Chem Inf Model ; 60(3): 1709-1716, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155058

RESUMO

We develop a new methodology best suited to the identification of thermostabilizing mutations for an intrinsically stable membrane protein. The recently discovered thermophilic rhodopsin, whose apparent midpoint temperature of thermal denaturation Tm is measured to be ∼91.8 °C, is chosen as a paradigmatic target. In the methodology, we first regard the residues whose side chains are missing in the crystal structure of the wild type (WT) as the "residues with disordered side chains," which make no significant contributions to the stability, unlike the other essential residues. We then undertake mutating each of the residues with disordered side chains to another residue except Ala and Pro, and the resultant mutant structure is constructed by modifying only the local structure around the mutated residue. This construction is based on the postulation that the structure formed by the other essential residues, which is nearly optimized in such a highly stable protein, should not be modified. The stability changes arising from the mutations are then evaluated using our physics-based free-energy function (FEF). We choose the mutations for which the FEF is much lower than for the WT and test them by experiments. We successfully find three mutants that are significantly more stable than the WT. A double mutant whose Tm reaches ∼100 °C is also discovered.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112238

RESUMO

Calcified lesions still remain a technical challenge even in the treatment of infrainguinal artery disease. The aim of this retrospective, multicenter observational study was to investigate interventional outcomes of a high-speed rotational atherectomy device (Rotablator™) and to compare clinical outcomes in patients who underwent Rotablator and those who did not even after failed balloon angioplasty because of underlying calcified lesions. This study enrolled patients who underwent Rotablator (Rota group) and those who did not (Non-rota group) between January 2010 and 2014 December at 12 hospitals. A total of 67 limbs and 68 lesions in 65 patients were included (Rota group; 54 limbs and 55 lesions in 52 patients, Non-rota group; 13 limbs and 13 lesions in 13 patients). In the Rota group, a technical success rate was 94.5% with a complication rate of 1.8%, and all lesions underwent subsequent postdilatation following the adjunctive use of Rotablator, and approximately half of above-the-knee lesions underwent stent implantation. The Rota group had a significantly lower clinically driven reintervention rate at 12 months than the Non-rota group (26.5% vs. 58.3%, respectively, p = 0.046). In addition, Rota group showed a trend toward a higher amputation-free survival compared to the Non-rota group at 1 month (Rota; 98.0% vs. Non-rota; 84.6%, respectively, p = 0.10). Rotablator was used as an adjunctive device with a high technical success and a low complication rates, and Patients who underwent Rotablator yielded a significantly lower clinically driven reintervention rate at 12 months compared to those who did not even after failed balloon angioplasty.

13.
Int Heart J ; 61(2): 215-222, 2020 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173703

RESUMO

Discordant results have been reported on outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients who present during off-hours.We investigated 3283 consecutive patients with AMI who were selected from the prospective, nationwide, multicenter registry (J-MINUET) database comprising 28 institutions in Japan between July 2012 and March 2014 to determine the current impact of off-hours presentation (defined as weekends, holidays, and weekdays from 8:01 PM to 7:59 AM) at hospitals on long-term clinical outcomes. The primary endpoint was a composite of all-cause death, non-fatal MI, non-fatal stroke, cardiac failure, and urgent revascularization for unstable angina for up to 3 years from the index event.During off-hours, 52% of patients presented. Primary percutaneous coronary intervention was performed in 85% of patients, and the door-to-balloon time was comparable between off-hours and regular hours (74, interquartile range [IQR] 52 to 113 versus 75, IQR 52 to 126 minutes, P = 0.34). Rate of overall primary endpoint overall did not overall significantly differ (25.3% versus 23.5%, log-rank P = 0.26), in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) (log-rank P = 0.93) and in patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) (log-rank P = 0.14). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that off-hours presentation was not significantly associated with long-term clinical events in all cohorts.The impact of presentation during off-hours or regular hours on the long-term clinical outcomes of Japanese patients with AMI is comparable in contemporary practice.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Int J Cardiol ; 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057476

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence is lacking on long-term outcomes in unselected patients surviving the first year following myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS AND RESULTS: The TIGRIS (long-Term rIsk, clinical manaGement and healthcare Resource utilization of stable coronary artery dISease in post-myocardial infarction patients) prospective registry enrolled 9176 eligible patients aged ≥50 years, 1-3 years post-MI, from 25 countries. All had ≥1 risk factor: age ≥ 65 years, diabetes mellitus, second prior MI, multivessel coronary artery disease, chronic kidney disease (CKD). Primary outcome was a composite of MI, unstable angina with urgent revascularization, stroke, or all-cause death at 2-year follow-up. Bleeding requiring hospitalization was also recorded. 9027 patients (98.4%) provided follow-up data: the primary outcome occurred in 621 (7.0%), all-cause mortality in 295 (3.3%), and bleeding in 109 (1.2%) patients. Events accrued linearly over time. In multivariable analyses, qualifying risk factors were associated with increased risk of primary outcome (incidence rate ratio [RR] per 100 patient-years [95% confidence interval]): CKD 2.06 (1.66, 2.55), second prior MI 1.71 (1.38, 2.10), diabetes mellitus 1.63 (1.39, 1.92), age ≥ 65 years 1.53 (1.28, 1.83), and multivessel disease 1.24 (1.05, 1.48). Risk of bleeding events was greater in older patients (vs <65 years) 65-74 years 2.68 (1.53, 4.70), ≥75 years 4.62 (2.57, 8.28), and those with CKD 1.99 (1.18, 3.35). CONCLUSION: In stable patients recruited 1-3 years post-MI, recurrent cardiovascular and bleeding events accrued linearly over 2 years. Factors independently predictive of ischemic and bleeding events were identified, providing a context for deciding on treatment options.

16.
Liver Int ; 40(4): 968-976, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32064740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lenvatinib, a newly developed molecularly targeted agent, has become available for patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been reported to be associated with poor outcomes in numerous malignancies. In this study, we investigated the impact of NLR on associating outcomes in patients with HCC treated with lenvatinib. METHODS: A total of 237 patients with HCC treated with lenvatinib were included. We performed univariate and multivariate analyses in this cohort. In addition, we clarified appropriate cut-off NLR levels for associating overall survival using hazard ratio (HR) spline curves. RESULTS: Cumulative overall survival at 100, 200 and 300 days was 95.2%, 83.4% and 66.6% respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that NLR ≥ 4 (HR, 1.874; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.097-3.119), α-foetoprotein ≥ 400 ng/mL (HR, 1.969; 95% CI, 1.188-3.265) and modified albumin-bilirubin grade 2b or 3 (HR, 2.123; 95% CI, 1.267-3.555) were independently associated with overall survival. Cumulative progression-free survival at 100, 200 and 300 days was 72.4%, 49.8% and 38.7% respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that NLR ≥ 4 (HR, 1.897; 95% CI, 1.268-2.837) and BCLC stage ≥ C (HR, 1.516; 95% CI, 1.028-2.236) were independently associated with progression-free survival. Disease control rate was significantly different between the patients with low NLR (<4) (85.5%) and high NLR (≥4) (67.3%) (P = .007). Spline curve analysis revealed that NLR of approximately 3.0-4.5 is an appropriate cut-off for associating overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: NLR can be associated with outcomes in patients with HCC treated with lenvatinib.

17.
J Cardiol ; 75(6): 682-688, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32061472

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the field of palliative care, morphine is known to be effective for alleviating dyspnea in cancer patients. However, little is known regarding the safety and efficacy of morphine therapy for refractory dyspnea as palliative care in advanced heart failure (HF) patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive advanced HF patients who were referred to the Palliative Care Team at our institution and administered morphine for refractory dyspnea during hospitalization between September 2013 and December 2018. We investigated the details of morphine usage, vital signs, an 11-point quantitative symptom scale, and adverse events at baseline, 24 h, and 72 h after the start of treatment. RESULTS: Morphine was administered for refractory dyspnea in 43 advanced HF patients [mean age: 73.5 years, male: 28 (65%), New York Heart Association functional class IV: 43 (100%), median left ventricular ejection fraction: 25%, median B-type natriuretic peptide level: 927 pg/ml, concurrent intravenous inotrope: 33 (77%)]. Median initial dose of morphine was 5 mg/day in both oral and intravenous administration and median duration of administration was 5 days. Significant decreases in an 11-point quantitative symptom scale [7 (5, 9) vs. 2 (1, 6); p < 0.01, (data available in 8 patients)] and respiratory rate (22.2 ± 6.1 vs. 19.7 ± 5.2 breaths per minute; p < 0.01) were observed 24 h after the start of morphine administration. Meanwhile, oxygen saturation, blood pressure, and heart rate were not significantly altered after treatment (NS). Common adverse events were delirium (18%) and constipation (8%); however, no lethal adverse event definitely related to morphine therapy occurred during treatment. CONCLUSIONS: This single-center retrospective study revealed the clinical practice of morphine therapy and suggested that morphine therapy might be feasible for refractory dyspnea as palliative care in advanced HF patients.

18.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; : 2047487320904641, 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32046522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Air pollution including particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤2.5 µm (PM2.5) increases the risk of acute myocardial infarction. However, whether short-term exposure to PM2.5 triggers the onset of myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries, compared with myocardial infarction with coronary artery disease, has not been elucidated. This study aimed to estimate the association between short-term exposure to PM2.5 and admission for acute myocardial infarction, myocardial infarction with coronary artery disease, and myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries. DESIGN: This was a time-stratified case-crossover study and multicenter validation study. METHODS: This study used a nationwide administrative database in Japan between April 2012-March 2016. Of 137,678 acute myocardial infarction cases, 123,633 myocardial infarction with coronary artery disease and 14,045 myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries were identified by a validated algorithm combined with International Classification of Disease (10th revision), diagnostic, and procedure codes. Air pollutants and meteorological data were obtained from the monitoring station nearest to the admitting hospital. RESULTS: In spring (March-May), the short-term increase of 10 µg/m3 in PM2.5 2 days before admission was significantly associated with admission for acute myocardial infarction, myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries, and myocardial infarction with coronary artery disease after adjustment for meteorological variables (odds ratio 1.060, 95% confidence interval 1.038-1.082; odds ratio 1.151, 1.079-1.227; odds ratio 1.049, 1.026-1.073, respectively), while the association was not significant in other variables. These associations were also observed after adjustment for other co-pollutants. The risk for myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (vs myocardial infarction with coronary artery disease) was associated with an even lower concentration of PM2.5 under the current environmental standards. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the seasonal difference of acute myocardial infarction risk attributable to PM2.5 and the difference in the threshold of triggering the onset of acute myocardial infarction subtype.

19.
JACC Cardiovasc Interv ; 13(1): 116-127, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918929

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the vascular responses and fates of the scaffold after bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) implantation using multimodality imaging. BACKGROUND: Serial comprehensive image assessments after BVS implantation in the context of a randomized trial have not yet been reported. METHODS: In the ABSORB Japan trial, 400 patients were randomized to a BVS (n = 266) or a cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent (n = 134). Through 3 years, patients underwent serial angiography and intravascular ultrasound or optical coherence tomography (OCT). RESULTS: Luminal dimension at 3 years was consistently smaller with the BVS than with the cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent (mean angiographic minimal luminal diameter 2.04 ± 0.63 mm vs. 2.40 ± 0.56 mm, mean difference -0.37 mm [95% confidence interval: -0.50 to -0.24 mm]; p < 0.001), mainly because of smaller device area (6.13 ± 2.03 mm2 vs. 7.15 ± 2.16 mm2, mean difference -1.04 mm2 [95% confidence interval: -1.66 to -0.42 mm2]; p < 0.001), and larger neointimal area (2.10 ± 0.61 mm2 vs. 1.86 ± 0.64 mm2, mean difference 0.24 mm2 [95% confidence interval: 0.06 to 0.43 mm2]; p = 0.01) by OCT. BVS-treated vessels did not show previously reported favorable vessel responses, such as positive vessel remodeling, late luminal enlargement, and restoration of vasomotion, although the OCT-based healing score was on average zero (interquartile range: 0.00 to 0.00). At 3 years, intraluminal scaffold dismantling (ISD) was observed in 14% of BVS. On serial OCT, ISD was observed in 6 lesions at 2 years, where the struts had been fully apposed at post-procedure, while ISD was observed in 12 lesions at 3 years, where 8 lesions were free from ISD on 2-year OCT. In 5 cases of very late scaffold thrombosis, strut discontinuities were detected in all 4 cases with available OCT immediately before reintervention. CONCLUSIONS: In this multimodality serial imaging study, luminal dimension at 3 years was smaller with the BVS than with the cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent. ISD, suspected to be one of the mechanisms of very late BVS thrombosis, was observed in a substantial proportion of cases at 3 years, which developed between post-procedure and 2 years and even beyond 2 years. (AVJ-301 Clinical Trial: A Clinical Evaluation of AVJ-301 [Absorb™ BVS] in Japanese Population [ABSORB JAPAN]; NCT01844284).

20.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 5, 2020 Jan 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31941517

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periprocedural myocardial injury (pMI) is a common complication of elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) that reduces some of the beneficial effects of coronary revascularization and impacts the risk of cardiovascular events. We developed a 3-dimensional volumetric cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) method to evaluate coronary high intensity plaques and investigated their association with pMI after elective PCI. METHODS: Between October 2012 and October 2016, 141 patients with stable coronary artery disease underwent T1-weighted CMR imaging before PCI. A conventional 2-dimensional CMR plaque-to-myocardial signal intensity ratio (2D-PMR) and the newly developed 3-dimensional integral of PMR (3Di-PMR) were measured. 3Di-PMR was determined as the sum of PMRs above a threshold of > 1.0 for voxels in a target plaque. pMI was defined as high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T > 0.07 ng/mL. RESULTS: pMI following PCI was observed in 46 patients (33%). 3Di-PMR was significantly higher in patients with pMI than those without pMI. The optimal 3Di-PMR cutoff value for predicting pMI was 51 PMR*mm3 and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (0.753) was significantly greater than that for 2D-PMR (0.683, P = 0.015). 3Di-PMR was positively correlated with lipid volume (r = 0.449, P < 0.001) based on intravascular ultrasound. Stepwise multivariable analysis showed that 3Di-PMR ≥ 51 PMR*mm3 and the presence of a side branch at the PCI target lesion site were significant predictors of pMI (odds ratio [OR], 11.9; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.6-30.4, P < 0.001; and OR, 4.14; 95% CI, 1.6-11.1, P = 0.005, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: 3Di-PMR coronary assessment facilitates risk stratification for pMI after elective PCI. TRIAL REGISTRATION: retrospectively registered.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA