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1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34812958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The FTO gene has been reported as an obesity-associated gene and is also considered a risk gene for osteoarthritis (OA). However, its exact function is unclear, and there is conflicting evidence on the involvement of FTO polymorphisms in OA via obesity. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of FTO polymorphism rs8044769 alleles on OA in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which is minimally affected by body weight. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 324 TMJs (113 with OA and 211 without OA, serving as controls) from 162 Japanese patients with temporomandibular disorders and undergoing MRI examination were analyzed. Genotyping was conducted, and multivariate analysis was performed after adjusting for the effects of age, sex, body mass index, and TMJ disc abnormalities. RESULTS: Mean age, BMI, and sex did not differ between the TMJs with OA and the TMJs without OA, but a significant difference was found for positional and dynamic disc abnormalities (P < 0.05). The allele frequency of FTO polymorphisms also differed significantly between the TMJs with OA and the TMJs without OA (P = 0.011). Moreover, logistic regression analysis showed no significant association between BMI (P = 0.581) and the occurrence of TMJOA but also indicated that the CC allele of rs8044769 is a risk factor for TMJOA (P = 0.040). CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that rs8044769 in the FTO gene might be involved in TMJOA. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The present study provides a basis for a deeper understanding of the mechanism underlying degenerative skeletal diseases and the more effective selection and development of treatment strategies based on the patients' genetic characteristics.

2.
Dent Mater J ; 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34602585

RESUMO

The effects of silanization and resin primer application on CAD/CAM indirect resin composite block bonding were investigated. KATANA AVENCIA P blocks (Kuraray Noritake Dental) were treated with a silane coupling agent and/or a resin primer. The contact angles (CAs) of resin primer were observed before and after silanization. Panavia V5 (Kuraray Noritake Dental) was built after each treatment. Bond strengths were measured, and the interface was analyzed by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The CA showed that silane treatment improved the wettability of the resin primer to the resin block. The combination treatment of the silane and resin primer showed significantly higher bond strength than no treatment, only in the silanization or resin primer group (p<0.001 each). EDS analysis showed that the resin primer penetrated both cement and block sides. The combination of the silane and resin primer improved bonding effectiveness between the resin block and resin cement.

4.
Jpn Dent Sci Rev ; 57: 147-153, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34522239

RESUMO

The purpose of this review was to assess the literature regarding the decontamination of resin cement before the luting procedure in order to provide clinicians with a comparative overview of decontamination effects. A total of 19 articles were selected for inclusion in this review. The results indicated that bonding effectiveness is reduced due to residual adhesion inhibitors such as saliva, blood, hemostatic agents, and temporary/provisional cement. Self-etching and self-adhesive systems tend to be more negatively affected by adhesion inhibitors than do etch and rinse systems. Cleaning with an ultrasonic scaler or rotating brush have demonstrated conflicting effects in several studies. Some studies have reported that phosphoric acid has negative effects and recommend mild acid for decontamination. The application of phosphoric acid followed by sodium hypochlorite has been shown to help avoid negative effects. Alumina blasting has been investigated as a mechanical cleaning method in a relatively large number of experiments, most of which have confirmed its effectiveness. An intraoral cleaner containing functional monomers that has become commercially available in recent years is a promising method in clinical practice because it can easily and effectively remove temporary adhesive material. In addition, adhesion inhibitors can be easily removed from resin-coated dentin surfaces.

5.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565767

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the causes of debonding of computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) indirect resin composite premolar crowns with a focus on the morphological factors of the crown and abutment teeth. METHODS: The clinical courses of 109 CAD/CAM indirect resin composite crowns were observed, and the patients' background characteristics, crown locations, luting methods, types of abutments, distal-most/non-distal-most molars, and types of resin blocks were confirmed. To investigate the influence of the morphology of the crown and abutment teeth, the 1) vertical dimension of the abutment teeth, 2) taper, and 3) thickness of the crown occlusal surface during events were measured from the three-dimensional digital data. The Kaplan-Meier method and multivariable Cox proportional hazard model were used for the statistical analyses. The nonlinearity of the effect of each comparison factor was included in the model. RESULTS: Complications included 21 debonding cases, two crown fractures, five root fractures, and two core debondings. The cumulative no-debonding and no-crown-fracture rate over 1423 days (3 years and 11 months) was 77.4%. The multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that the abutment teeth type of tooth (first or second premolar) (P = 0.02) and luting materials (P < 0.01) significantly influenced the debonding frequency. All morphological factors (1-3) significantly influenced the debonding. The hazard ratios and nonlinear graph indicated that the crown thickness was less effective than the vertical dimension and taper. CONCLUSIONS: The combination analysis of clinical outcomes and 3D digital data revealed that preparation of the abutment is important for avoiding crown debonding.

6.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2021 Aug 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34349083

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study examined four cleaning methods and three chemical treatments for artificial saliva-contaminated fiber posts in terms of bonding durability to resin composite core materials. METHODS: Non-contaminated fiber posts (Tokuyama FR Post, Tokuyama Dental) and those contaminated (GC Fiber Post, GC) with artificial saliva (Saliveht Aerosol, Teijin Pharma) were used. Washing and drying (WD), alcohol cleaning (AlC), H3PO4 etching (P/WD), alumina blasting (B/D) for decontamination and silanization (Clearfil Ceramic Primer Plus, Kuraray Noritake Dental, Si), resin priming (HC Primer, Shofu, MMA), and bonding resin application (Clearfil Universal Bond Quick, Kuraray Noritake Dental, BR) for chemical treatment were performed. The treated fiber post was planted inside a cylindrical tube and filled with resin composite (DC Core Automix ONE, Kuraray Noritake Dental). The specimen was sectioned, and a push-out test was performed after 24 h, 1 month, and 3 months. The fracture surface was observed using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). RESULTS: Adhesion between the non-contaminated fiber post and resin composite did not improve by silanization and decreased by alumina blasting. SEM observations revealed a fractured glass fiber by alumina blasting. Saliva contamination decreased the bond strength between the fiber post and resin composite; however, recovery was achieved by WD, Alc, P/WD, and B/D. Compared to Si, BR (P = 0.009) was effective in restraining the long-term durability of bonding, whereas MMA (P = 0.99) was not. CONCLUSIONS: The application of bonding resin after alcohol cleaning is the most convenient and effective clinical procedure for fiber post surface treatment.

7.
Int J Implant Dent ; 7(1): 59, 2021 07 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34227040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immediate implant placement with simultaneous contour augmentation such as guided bone regeneration (GBR) or connective tissue grafting (CTG) has been widely performed. However, few prospective studies have evaluated both peri-implant bone and soft tissue changes between the preoperative and postoperative periods. The purpose of this study is to quantify the horizontal dimensional changes of the facial bone and soft tissue following immediate implant placement with contour augmentation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent immediate implant placement in the anterior maxilla received GBR and CTG (test group) or GBR only (control group). Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans were taken preoperatively and 1 year after the definitive prosthesis connection, and then, they were superimposed. On the CBCT images of the two stages, the horizontal distance from the implant platform to the facial bone surface (BW) and the horizontal soft tissue width (GW) were measured at the implant platform level and 2 mm apical to the implant platform level. The sum of BW and GW (=TW) was used to assess the facial mucosal contour. RESULTS: BW decreased significantly from preoperative to 1 year after prosthesis connection with a mean decrease of 0.47 mm (P =0.021) in the control group and a mean decrease of 0.50 mm (P = 0.019) in the test group at the implant platform level. GW increased significantly with a mean increase of 1.37 mm (P =0.005) in the test group at the implant platform level. TW decreased significantly with a mean decrease of 0.46 mm in the control group (P =0.049) but increased significantly with a mean increase of 0.87 mm in the test group (P =0.005) at the implant platform level. CONCLUSIONS: Immediate implant placement with CTG showed a soft tissue gain of 1.37 mm compensated for bone resorption, thus still preserving the preoperative mucosal contour. CTG should be performed with immediate implant placement in cases where preoperative mucosal contours need to be maintained.

8.
J Prosthodont Res ; 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34305087

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aims to confirm the usefulness of active acoustic emission (Active AE) for reproducible and non-invasive generation of physical external force which is required for conventional AE. METHODS: Experiment 1: A root dentin-resin adhesive interface was observed. The post space was filled with a dual-cure resin composite core material with and without adhesive. The vibration characteristics of the data obtained from the time-frequency analysis were evaluated. Experiment 2: A crown-abutment tooth adhesive interface was observed. Adhesive resin cement was used for luting the crown and adhesion states in the same specimen over time were analyzed with three measurements: at trial-fitting, immediately after luting, and 2 weeks after luting. Data were subjected to time-frequency analysis and relationships between amplitude (indicating loudness) and frequency (indicating the sound component) were analyzed. RESULTS: Experiment 1: Time-frequency analysis confirmed multiple peak frequencies for each specimen without adhesive and monomodal peak frequency in all specimens using adhesive. Experiment 2: Two weeks after luting, all specimens showed a single major peak except one which showed multiple weak peaks.The three-dimensional visualization of time-frequency analysis revealed one specimen with multiple weak peaks while all others displayed a single, low-amplitude band at 2 weeks after luting. CONCLUSIONS: The state of the adhesive interface can be evaluated using active AE. This basic technique may prove useful to evaluate changes in the adhesive interface of prostheses over time.

9.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(9)2021 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34066506

RESUMO

The attainment of a good aesthetic outcome in dental implant treatment requires inter-implant papilla reconstruction, which is very difficult to perform. Maintenance of the inter-implant bone is essential for maintenance of the inter-implant papilla. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanical influences of the implant-abutment connection type and inter-implant distance on the inter-implant bone by using three-dimensional finite element analysis. Three computer-aided design models of two-piece implants were designed: external connection (EC), internal connection (IC), and conical connection (CC). In each model, two identical implants were placed with inter-implant distances of 3.0, 2.5, and 2.0 mm. The maximum principal stress and microgap were evaluated. The stress values of the inter-implant bone decreased in the following order: IC, EC, and CC. The microgap decreased in the following order: EC, IC, and CC. Regardless of the type of implant-abutment connection, the stress of the inter-implant bone increased as the inter-implant distance decreased. The microgap barely changed as the inter-implant distance decreased. A CC implant is a mechanically advantageous implant-abutment connection type for maintenance of the inter-implant bone. With an inter-implant distance of less than 3.0 mm, use of a CC implant might suppress absorption of the inter-implant bone.

10.
Dent Mater J ; 40(5): 1151-1159, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34024886

RESUMO

The purpose of this multicenter clinical study was to compare the mid-term clinical effectiveness of direct resin composite restorations using one-step or two-step self-etch adhesives (1-SEAs or 2-SEAs). In total, 352 restorations of class I-V cavities and non-carious cervical lesions in vital teeth (1-SEAs; 52 cases, 2-SEAs; 300 cases) were placed at nine university hospitals and evaluated according to the modified USPHS criteria at baseline, and after 1, 2, and 3 years. The recall rates were 86.6% (1 year), 80.1% (2 years), and 62.2% (3 years). Two restorations failed due to fracture during the follow-up, and there was no significant difference in survival rates between 1-SEAs (97.6%) and 2-SEAs (99.4%). However, 2-SEAs exhibited significantly lower occurrences of discoloration, marginal discoloration, fracture, and plaque retention. Moreover, the subjects reported a significantly lower postoperative hypersensitivity and higher overall satisfaction at all evaluation periods if 2-SEAs were used.


Assuntos
Restauração Dentária Permanente , Colo do Dente , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Cimentos de Resina , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Prosthodont Res ; 65(4): 438-442, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980784

RESUMO

Purpose The state of adhesion between root dentin and a resin composite core material was inspected using acoustic emission (AE).Methods A total of 14 human incisors and premolars were used to prepare "no-adhesive group" and "adhesive group" specimens. For "adhesive group" specimens, a bonding agent was applied to root canal dentin. The entire post space was subsequently filled with a resin composite for both specimen groups. The prepared specimens were fixed onto a jig on which an AE sensor was installed. A zirconia ball was used for the impact test, and a vibration wave generated by the collision was measured by the system using an AE sensor. The obtained data were subjected to time-frequency analysis using analysis software (LabVIEW), and the relationship between the amplitude indicating the loudness and the frequency indicating the sound component was analyzed.Results Zirconia-ball collision tests using AE revealed differences between the groups with respect to the waveform of vibration waves transmitted to the root dentin through the root dentin-resin interface. The time-frequency analysis of the obtained data confirmed that multiple peaks were observed for each specimen in the no-adhesive group, whereas a single characteristic vibration peak was observed for all specimens in the adhesive group.Conclusions The state of the adhesive interface was successfully evaluated by AE. This demonstration is expected to lead to the development of a device that can detect problems at the bonding interface between the prostheses and tooth substances.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Acústica , Dentina , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina
12.
J Prosthodont Res ; 65(4): 565-572, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34053974

RESUMO

Purpose This study evaluated the effects of different materials (composite resin system including a photo-cure adhesive (DC) vs. resin cement system including a self-etching primer (PV)) and techniques (direct vs. indirect) for resin core build-up on the bonding performance to root canal dentin.Methods The human teeth were decoronated and root canal preparation was performed. All specimens were randomly divided into four groups according to the combinations of the methods (Direct or Indirect) and the materials (DC: Clearfil DC Core, Kuraray Noritake Dental or PV: Panavia V5, Kuraray Noritake Dental). Micro-tensile bond strength (µTBS) and push-out tests were performed. Scanning electron microscope observations of the interface were also performed, and microcomputed tomography and optical coherence tomography were applied to evaluate the sealing ability.Results The Indirect group had significantly higher µTBSs than the Direct group in the DC group (P = 0.0076). The PV group had significantly higher bond strengths than the DC group in both the Direct and Indirect groups (P < 0.001). The Direct/PV group demonstrated significantly higher push-out bond strength than the Direct/DC group (P < 0.001). In the Direct/PV group, the formation of resin tags was observed even on the apical side of the canal. Microleakage was more clearly observed in the DC group than in the PV group.Conclusions PV has a higher bonding ability to root canal dentin than DC. When using DC, the indirect technique exhibited a higher bonding ability than the direct technique.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Resistência à Tração , Microtomografia por Raio-X
13.
Int J Implant Dent ; 7(1): 28, 2021 04 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33870473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In dental implant treatment, the placement position of the implant body is important. The hypothesis is that there are factors that have a greater impact than the factors that have been studied so far. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The deviation between planned and actually placed implants was measured three-dimensionally by modified treatment evaluation method in 110 patients who underwent implant placement with guided surgery for partial edentulism. Ten factors that seemed to affect errors in placement were selected: the type of tooth, type of edentulism, distance from the remaining teeth, the type of implant, implant length, number of implants, method of guidance, the number of teeth supporting the surgical guide, number of anchor pins, and presence or absence of a reinforcement structure. The effect of each factor that corrected each confounding was calculated using multivariate analysis. RESULTS: In this study, 188 implant bodies were set to target, and the errors measurement data of the implant position were as follows: average Angle, 2.5 ± 1.6° (95% CI 2.25-2.69); Base, 0.67 ± 0.37 mm (95% CI 0.62-0.72); and Apex, 0.92 ± 0.47 mm (95% CI 0.86-0.98). As the result of multivariate analysis, larger errors were present in the partially guided group than the fully guided group. The number of teeth supporting the surgical guide significantly influenced the error in placement position. The error caused by the number of anchor pins was significantly different for the Angle. Similarly, the presence of the reinforcement structure influenced the error significantly for the Angle. CONCLUSIONS: It was suggested that the smaller errors could be present by performing guided surgery with full guidance and devising the design of the guide such as the number of teeth supporting the surgical guide, the setting of the anchor pin, and the reinforcement structure.

14.
Dent Mater J ; 40(4): 928-933, 2021 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33775982

RESUMO

This study evaluated the bonding effectiveness of a newly developed two-step hydrophobic bonding material. Three groups using different bonding systems were compared: BZF group, using the new bonding system (BZF-29; GC, Tokyo, Japan); GPB group, using a one-step bonding system (G-Premio Bond; GC); and SE2 group, using a two-step bonding system (CLEARFIL SE Bond 2; Kuraray Noritake Dental, Tokyo, Japan). Microtensile bond strength (µTBS) was measured after storage in water for 24 h, 3 months and 6 months (n=25/group). Fracture surfaces were observed under scanning electron microscopy. The BZF group showed significantly higher µTBS than the other groups (p<0.001). Dominant failure patterns were cohesive failure for the BZF group (48-84%), mixed failure for the SE2 group (48-60%) and interface failure between adhesive and resin composite for the GPB group (48-52%). The hydrophobicity of the BZF-29 bonding system improves the long-term bonding effectiveness between adhesive and resin composite.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Resinas Compostas , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Cimentos de Resina , Resistência à Tração
15.
Jpn Dent Sci Rev ; 57: 33-38, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33737993

RESUMO

The purpose of this review was to assess the literature regarding four types of fixed dental prostheses (FDPs)/resin-bonded FDPs (RBFDPs) to provide clinicians with a comparative overview of two myths: "RBFDPs are easy to debond in patients' mouths" and "cantilever RBFDPs still have some clinical problems, especially in terms of overloading the abutment teeth and being easy to debond". A total of 782 papers were identified, 753 of which were judged unsuitable and thus excluded, leaving a total of 29 articles for inclusion in this review. The results indicated that 1) Two-retainer RBFDPs achieve clinical results comparable to full-coverage three-unit FDPs; 2) Cantilever RBFDPs show excellent long-term clinical outcomes (especially in incisor teeth) compared with other FDPs; 3) RBFDPs typically show less catastrophic failure than conventional FDPs, rebonding should be considered when debonding occurs; and 4) Cantilever RBFDPs can be recommended as defect replacement prostheses for maxillary lateral incisors and mandibular incisor teeth. Scientific field: Prosthodontics, Adhesive dentistry, Esthetic dentistry.

16.
J Prosthodont Res ; 65(2): 198-201, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938864

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study investigated the relationship between peri-implant tissue health and the presence of keratinized mucosa (≥ 2 mm) using multivariate analysis. METHODS: A total of 334 dental implants placed in 111 partially edentulous patients (34 males, 77 females) and restored with fixed prostheses were included in this study. The patients were recalled 12-146 months after completion of the prosthodontic treatment. Clinical parameters included modified plaque index (mPI), modified bleeding index (mBI), probing pocket depth (PPD), and radiographic bone loss (BL). The effects of the following potential explanatory variables on these parameters were analyzed: the presence of keratinized mucosa, age, sex, oral hygiene status, history of periodontitis, cigarette smoking, implant site, and time elapsed since prosthesis delivery. Statistical analysis included multivariate ordinal logistic regression and generalized estimating equations. Significance wa s established when two-sided p-values were less than 0.05. RESULTS: The mPI, mBI, and PPD in the presence or absence of keratinized mucosa did not show statistically significant differences. However, the presence of keratinized mucosa was significantly related to BL (odds ratio 4.33, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study suggest that the presence of keratinized mucosa is useful for reducing bone resorption and can help to maintain peri-implant tissue health.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Boca Edêntula , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mucosa Bucal , Membrana Mucosa , Análise Multivariada
17.
J Prosthodont Res ; 65(3): 415-420, 2021 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33281172

RESUMO

Purpose The aims of the present study were to investigate the temporal relationships between jaw and bodily movements and clarify motor processes in the genesis of rhythmic masticatory muscle activity (RMMA) in sleep bruxism (SB).Methods Video-polysomnography recordings were obtained from ten subjects with SB (mean age: 23.4 ± 1.6 years) and ten matched normal controls (CTL) (mean age: 24.4 ± 3.2 years). RMMA and nonspecific masseter activity (NSMA) were scored in association with bodily movements in the leg, arm, head, and trunk using electromyography and video recordings. The relationship between oromotor episodes and bodily movements was assessed in terms of sleep stage distributions and temporal relationships. Cardiac changes preceding oromotor episodes in stage N2 were assessed.Results Approximately 80% of RMMA and NSMA were associated with movements in one or more body sites. RMMA and NSMA were more frequently associated with movements of the leg (70-75%) and arm (40-55%) than movements of the head (17-22%) and trunk (5-25%). The relationship between oromotor episodes and bodily movements did not significantly differ among sleep stages. Oromotor episodes and bodily movements did not show a consistent temporal pattern in the SB and CTL groups. Regardless of the temporal relationship between oromotor episodes and bodily movements, the mean heart rate significantly increased by 5 beats before the onset of oromotor episodes.Conclusions No specific temporal motor patterns were found between RMMA and bodily movements. RMMA and NSMA represent a repertoire of arousal-related autonomic motor responses during sleep.


Assuntos
Bruxismo do Sono , Adulto , Eletromiografia , Humanos , Músculo Masseter , Músculos da Mastigação , Polissonografia , Fases do Sono , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Oral Rehabil ; 48(4): 375-383, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33372318

RESUMO

Dynamic articular disc abnormality (wR, with reduction; woR, without reduction) is well known as the risk factor for temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJOA). However, there are few speculations on the potential risk of positional disc abnormalities for TMJOA. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relative risk of positional abnormality and dynamic abnormality of the temporomandibular disc for OA after the three-dimensional interpretation of all the sagittal and coronal planes of magnetic resonance (MR) data in a large dataset of consecutive subjects. Experimental samples consisted of images of 1356 TMJs of patients. A diagnosis of disc state was established in each TMJ utilising a 1.5T MR imaging scanner. A binary logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the significant associations between the outcome (dependent variable: the presence of OA) and the predictors (covariates: age, sex, dynamic disc state [the presence of woR], and 5 categories of the positional disc state [NA, no abnormality; SW, sideways; pADD, partial anterior; cADD, complete anterior; PDD, posterior]). Based on the result of the binary logistic regression analysis, the presence of woR showed an odds ratio of 14.1 (P < .05). In addition, compared with the joints NA, those with SW and cADD showed odds ratios of 5.62 and 10.88, respectively (P < .05). Despite the limitations of the study, in the positional disc abnormalities, sideways disc displacement and complete anterior disc displacement could be associated with the occurrence of TMJOA. All the coronal and sagittal MR images should be evaluated to assess intra-articular joint disorders accurately.


Assuntos
Luxações Articulares , Osteoartrite , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Osteoartrite/diagnóstico por imagem , Risco , Articulação Temporomandibular , Disco da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
Clin Implant Dent Relat Res ; 22(6): 713-722, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peri-implant tissue condition can result from prosthodontic, surgical and bacteriological factors. PURPOSE: This study investigated the effects of prosthodontic factors on peri-implant tissue. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were 140 patients with 310 implants from Osaka University Dental Hospital. Prosthodontic factors examined were the connection type, the suprastructure retention type, the material of the abutment and the mesiodistal and buccolingual prosthetic form of the superstructure as emergence angle. The objective variables were the modified bleeding index (mBI) and marginal bone level (MBL). Statistical analysis was used as a generalized estimation equation. RESULTS: The taper joint had a significantly smaller MBL than the butt joint (P < .001). There was no significant difference in mBI and MBL between cement and screw retaining. Zirconium and titanium resulted in a significantly smaller mBI than gold alloy (zirconium/gold alloy: P = .037, titanium / gold alloy: P = .021), but there was no significant difference in the MBL. Both mBI and MBL tended to be smaller when the emergence angle was around 20° to 40°, although this difference was not significant. CONCLUSION: As a result of multivariate analysis, our findings suggest that to reduce MBL from the perspective of prosthodontic factors it is preferable to use an implant with a taper joint connection positioned with an emergence angle of 20° to 40°.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Implantes Dentários , Estudos Transversais , Dente Suporte , Humanos , Dente Molar , Análise Multivariada
20.
Dent Mater J ; 39(6): 1087-1095, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999261

RESUMO

The effect of cleaner containing 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP) for removing temporary cement remnants on dentin surface was evaluated. Flat dentin surfaces were wet-polished (Co) and HY-BOND temporary cement hard (Shofu) was applied to the surface. This temporary cement was removed using an air-scaler (Sc), brush (Br), or phosphoric acid and NaOCl (NC). A prototype cleaner containing MDP (Kuraray Noritake Dental, Tokyo, Japan) was used with agitation mode (MC+AG). KATANA Avencia block (Kuraray Noritake Dental) was luted with SA Cement Plus Automix (Kuraray Noritake Dental). Co showed significantly higher bond strength than Sc or Br (p<0.001 each). Bond strengths with NC (p=0.99) and MC+AG (p=0.38) did not differ significantly from that with Co. Transmission electron microscopy revealed sufficient interaction of MC+AG. Cleaner containing MDP can effectively remove temporary cement by agitation, and can be expected to improve the chemical bonding ability by binding more MDP to dentin.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos , Cimento de Policarboxilato , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
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