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2.
BMC Nephrol ; 21(1): 453, 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129292

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In chronic kidney disease (CKD), patients' adherence to prescriptions for diet and for medications might depend on the degree to which they have hope that they will enjoy life, and that hope could vary with the stage of CKD. The aims of this study were to quantify both the association of CKD stage with health-related hope (HR-Hope), and the association of that hope with psychological and physiological manifestations of adherence. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study involving 461 adult CKD patients, some of whom were receiving dialysis. The main exposure was HR-Hope, measured using a recently-developed 18-item scale. The outcomes were perceived burden of fluid restriction and of diet restriction, measured using the KDQOL, and physiological manifestations of adherence (systolic and diastolic blood pressure [BP], and serum phosphorus and potassium levels). General linear models and generalized ordered logit models were fit. RESULTS: Participants at non-dialysis stage 4 and those at stage 5 had lower HR-Hope scores than did those at stage 2 or 3 (combined). Those at non-dialysis stage 5 had the lowest scores. HR-Hope scores of participants at stage 5D were similar to those of participants at stage 4, but they were lower than the scores of participants at stage 2 or 3 (combined). Higher HR-Hope scores were associated with lower perceived burdens of fluid restriction and of diet restriction (adjusted ORs per ten-point difference were 0.82 and 0.84, respectively). Higher HR-Hope scores were associated with lower systolic BP (adjusted mean difference in systolic BP per ten-point difference in HR-Hope scores was - 1.87 mmHg). In contrast, HR-Hope scores were not associated with diastolic BP, serum phosphorus levels, or serum potassium levels. CONCLUSIONS: Among CKD patients, HR-Hope is associated with disease stage, with psychological burden, and with some physiological manifestations of adherence.

3.
Ren Fail ; 42(1): 1083-1092, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33100098

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Deceased-donor kidney transplantation (KT) from hepatitis C (HCV)-infected donors into HCV-uninfected recipients (HCV D+/R-) could become standard care in the near future. However, HCV viral replication by viral transmission might lead to a higher incidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in these recipients. METHODS: A national-registry-based retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR) data set. We assessed the incidence of CMV infection in HCV antibody (Ab) negative recipients receiving kidneys from HCV Ab positive (HCVAb D+/R-) and negative (HCVAb D-/R-) donors. The risk of CMV infection was analyzed by Cox regression analysis in a propensity score (PS) matched-cohort of HCVAb D+/R- (n = 950) versus HCVAb D-/R- (n = 950). Sensitivity analysis was also conducted in the entire cohort (n = 181 082). RESULTS: The mean age at baseline was 54 years, 75% were male, and 55% of the patients were African American in PS-matched cohort. Compared to the HCVAb D-/R - patients, recipients with HCVAb D+/R - showed identical probability for the incidence of CMV infection (Hazard Ratio (HR) = 1.00, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 0.82-1.22). In the sensitivity analysis, compared to the HCVAb D-/R - patients, the HCVAb D+/R - group had a significantly lower risk of CMV infection in the unadjusted analysis (HR = 0.75, 95%CI: 0.65-0.85), while this risk difference disappeared after the adjusted analysis (HR = 0.99, 95%CI: 0.87-1.14). CONCLUSION: The incidence of CMV infection was similar in recipients who received HCVAb D + and HCVAb D - KT. Further studies are needed to assess this association in KT from HCV nucleic acid positive donors.

4.
Transpl Int ; 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935416

RESUMO

The kidney donor profile index (KDPI) defines an hepatitis C (HCV) positive donor based on HCV antibody (Ab) and/or nucleic acid amplification test (NAT) positivity, with donors who are not actively infected (Ab+/NAT-) also classified as HCV positive. From Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients dataset, we identified HCV-negative recipients, who received a kidney transplant from HCV Ab+/NAT- (n = 116) and HCV Ab-/NAT- (n = 25 574) donor kidneys. We then compared recipients' estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) at 6 months in matched cohorts, using combined exact matching (based on KDPI) and propensity score matching. We created two separate matched cohorts: for the first cohort, we used the allocation KDPI, while for the second cohort we used an optimal KDPI, where the HCV component of KDPI was considered negative in Ab+/NAT- patients. The mean ± SD age of the allocation KDPI-matched cohort at baseline was 59 ± 10 years, 69% were male, 61% were white. Recipients' eGFR at 6 months after transplantation was significantly higher in the HCV Ab+/NAT- group compared to the HCV Ab-/NAT- group (61.1 ± 17.9 vs. 55.6 ± 18.8 ml/min/1.73 m2 , P = 0.011) in the allocation KDPI-matched cohort, while it was similar (61.8 ± 19.5 vs. 62.1 ± 20.1 ml/min/1.73 m2 , P = 0.9) in the optimal KDPI-matched cohort. Recipients who received HCV Ab positive, but NAT-negative donor kidneys did not experience worse 6-month eGFR than correctly matched HCV Ab-/NAT- recipients.

5.
Clin Kidney J ; 13(4): 640-646, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897276

RESUMO

Background: For hemodialysis (HD) patients, travel to the dialysis facility is an issue that can affect their quality of life (QOL), both physically and mentally. However, evidence on this association of transportation modality with health-related QOL (HRQOL) is scarce. Methods: We conducted a cohort study among maintenance HD patients participating in the Japanese Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Pattern Study Phase 5. The study included patients who were functionally independent and able to walk. The primary exposure was the means of transportation to the dialysis facility, categorized into three groups, namely transportation by other drivers (Group 1), transportation via self-driving (Group 2) and transportation by bicycle or walking with or without public transportation (Group 3). The primary outcomes were physical and mental health composite scores (PCS and MCS) in the 12-item Short Form at 1 year after study initiation. Results: Among 1225 eligible patients (Group 1, 34.4%; Group 2, 45.0%; Group 3, 20.7%), 835 were analyzed for the primary outcomes. Linear regression analyses revealed that patients in Groups 2 and 3 had significantly higher PCS and MCS at 1 year than those in Group 1 {adjusted mean differences of PCS 1.42 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.17-2.68] and 1.94 [95% CI 0.65-3.23], respectively, and adjusted mean differences of MCS 2.53 [95% CI 0.92-4.14] and 2.20 [95% CI 0.45-3.95], respectively}. Conclusions: Transportation modality was a significant prognostic factor for both PCS and MCS after 1 year in maintenance HD patients.

6.
Ren Fail ; 42(1): 767-775, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32729359

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the probability and factors associated with the presence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody among HCV seronegative kidney transplant recipients receiving HCV-infected (nucleic acid testing positive) donor kidneys. METHODS: This is a retrospective review examining HCV antibody seroconversion of all kidney transplant recipients receiving an organ from an HCV-infected donor between 1 March 2018 and 2 December 2019 at a high-volume kidney transplant center in the southeast United States. RESULTS: Of 97 patients receiving HCV-infected kidneys, the final cohort consisted of 85 recipients with 5 (5.9%) recipients noted to have HCV antibody seroconversion in the setting of HCV viremia. The HCV RNA level at closest time of antibody measurement was higher in the seroconverted patients versus the ones who never converted [median and (interquartile range): 1,091,500 (345,000-8,360,000) vs 71,500 (73-313,000), p = 0.02]. No other significant differences including type of immunosuppression were noted between the HCV antibody positive group and HCV antibody negative group. Donor donation after cardiac death status [Odds Ratio (OR) and 95% Confidence Interval (CI) was: 8.22 (1.14-59.14)], donor age [OR (95% CI) (+5 years) was: 3.19 (1.39-7.29)] and Kidney Donor Profile Index [OR (95% CI) (+1) was:1.07 (1.01-1.15)] showed a statistically significant association with HCV seroconversion. CONCLUSIONS: HCV antibody should not be considered routine screening for presence of infection in previously HCV naïve kidney transplant recipients receiving kidneys from HCV-infected donors, as only a modest percentage have antibody despite active viremia. The assessment of HCV viral load should be routine in all transplant recipients receiving organs from public health service increased risk donors.

8.
Clin Exp Nephrol ; 24(10): 963-970, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594374

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is one of the vascular complications after allograft biopsy, and their reported incidence rates range widely. Transcatheter embolization (TE) is a common AVF treatment in kidney allografts. However, information on AVF incidence and features and TE outcomes in Japanese kidney transplant (KT) recipients is lacking. METHODS: This study investigated 270 protocol or clinically indicated kidney allograft biopsies in 129 KT recipients during 2010-2016 at a single-center using standardized methods (16-gauge needle and ultrasound guidance). We recorded the incidence and clinical features of AVF using currently recommended standardized methods of allograft biopsy and TE outcomes regarding allograft function up to 12 months after the procedure in Japanese KT recipients. RESULTS: AVF incidence was 2.6% (seven cases). The time from biopsy to AVF diagnosis was 7 (median, interquartile range: 5-117, range: 1-318) days. The time from biopsy to AVF diagnosis was significantly shorter in symptomatic cases (gross hematuria) than in asymptomatic cases (median 6 vs. 117 days, p = 0.034). Symptomatic patients underwent TE within a shorter time (0-6 days) than asymptomatic patients (25-104 days). There were no complications, and allograft function was stable up to 12 months after TE despite using contrast media and partial renal infarction. CONCLUSIONS: AVF does occur in certain probabilities. AVF formation can occur without apparent bleeding and exist for a long time after allograft biopsy. TE is a safe and immediate treatment for AVF in kidney allograft.

9.
Clin Transl Gastroenterol ; 11(6): e00185, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32568475

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To analyze the impact of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) immediately before liver transplantation (LT) on short-term kidney function. METHODS: In this retrospective study, we included 416 of 687 consecutive patients who had an estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFRs) at 3-month post-LT. We compared the non-ACLF (N = 356), ACLF with eGFR ≥30 mL/min/1.73 m (A-HGFR, N = 32), and ACLF with eGFR <30 mL/min/1.73 m (A-LGFR, N = 28) groups at LT and for 2 kidney-related outcomes: (i) slope of eGFR by linear mixed model and (ii) time to development of composite kidney outcomes (eGFR < 15 mL/min/1.73 m or need for dialysis). RESULTS: The mean eGFRs at LT in non-ACLF, A-HGFR, and A-LGFR groups were significantly different as follows: 83.9 ± 29.5, 56.5 ± 31.2, and 21.6 ± 5.0 mL/min/1.73 m, respectively. The eGFR slope significantly increased in A-LGFR group (+7.26 mL/min/1.73 m/mo), whereas it remained stable in A-HGFR group (+1.05 mL/min/1.73 m/mo) and significantly declined in non-ACLF group (-7.61 mL/min/1.73 m/mo) by the first 3-month period. On the other hand, the eGFR slope in all groups stabilized after 3 months post-LT. A-LGFR group showed significantly increased risk of developing composite kidney outcomes in adjusted analysis (hazard ratio = 3.61, 95% confidence interval: 1.35-9.70) compared with the non-ACLF group. However, this significance disappeared after the further adjustment for eGFR at 3-month post-LT (hazard ratio = 1.91, 95% confidence interval: 0.70-5.23). DISCUSSION: The slopes of eGFR before 3-month post-LT were significantly different among non-ACLF, A-HGFR, and A-LGFR groups. The renal dysfunction in A-LGFR group stabilized after partial recovery by 3-month post-LT (eGFR reset point).

10.
Transplant Direct ; 6(4): e544, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32309630

RESUMO

The impact of acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) defined by European Association for the Study of the Liver-Chronic Liver Failure in liver transplant (LT) recipients has not been well characterized. The aim of the study was to assess early posttransplant morbidity and survival of ACLF patients. Methods: Eight hundred twenty-five consecutive LT patients (04/2006-03/2013) were included in a retrospective analysis. Of the 690 evaluable patients, 589 had no ACLF, and the remaining 101 were grouped into ACLF Grades 1-3 (ACLF Grade 1: 50 [49.5%], ACLF Grade 2: 32 [31.7%], and ACLF Grade 3: 19 [18.8%]). Results: LT recipients transplanted in the context of ACLF had significantly increased serum creatinine (2.27 ± 1.16 versus 0.98 ± 0.32; P < 0.0001), and inferior 1-year graft (90% versus 78%; P < 0.0001) and patient survival (92% versus 82%; P = 0.0004) by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis; graft and patient survival correlated negatively with increasing severity of ACLF. One-year graft and patient survival were lower in those with high ACLF (Grade 2 and 3) irrespective of Model for End-Stage Liver Disease compared with other groups. The ACLF group had longer intensive care unit stays (10.6 ± 19.5 versus 4.2 ± 9; P < 0.0001), hospital stays (20.9 ± 25.9 versus 11.7 ± 11.4; P < 0.0001), and increased surgical re-exploration (26.7 % versus 14.6%, P = 0.002). Conclusions: Patients with ACLF undergoing LT have significantly higher resource utilization, inferior graft survival and patient survival, and renal dysfunction at 1 year. The combination of ACLF and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease can be considered when determining the suitability for potential transplantation.

11.
CEN Case Rep ; 9(4): 295-300, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32279192

RESUMO

Nintedanib, a triple tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, platelet-derived growth factor receptor, and fibroblast growth factor receptor, has been used in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and adenocarcinoma in advanced non-small cell lung cancer. Although vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors have been reported to cause endothelial injury and glomerular microangiopathy, nintedanib-induced glomerular microangiopathy has not been reported. A 68-year-old man with a history of primary aldosteronism, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and pleomorphic carcinoma of the lung developed proteinuria and leg edema after nintedanib initiation. Kidney biopsy revealed prominent endothelial and mesangial injury. Proteinuria improved after nintedanib withdrawal. To the best of our knowledge, this is the second case report of nintedanib-induced glomerular microangiopathy. Although the incidence of nephropathy among patients receiving nintedanib is unknown at this moment, we recommend monitoring urinary protein excretion and blood pressure in patients receiving nintedanib and performing kidney biopsy to determine any histopathological change.

13.
Nephron ; 144(3): 126-137, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32007998

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: The impact of pretransplant donor-specific antibodies (DSAs), especially class II DSAs, on kidney allograft outcomes remains unclear in simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation (SLKT) recipients. METHODS: We examined 85 recipients who consecutively underwent SLKT between 2009 and 2018 in our center. Associations between pretransplant DSA and worsening kidney function (WKF), kidney allograft loss, composite kidney outcome (WKF and/or antibody-mediated rejection and/or death-censored kidney allograft loss), death with functioning graft, and overall mortality were examined in survival analysis. WKF was defined as an eGFR decrease of 30% or greater from baseline, or 2 or more episodes of proteinuria, at least 90 days apart from each other. RESULTS: The mean age at SLKT was 56 ± 10 years, and 62% of the recipients were male. More than one quarter (26%) of our recipients were African American. The 2 major causes of end-stage liver disease were hepatitis C (28%) and alcoholic hepatitis (26%). Nineteen recipients (22%) had pretransplant DSAs at the time of SLKT. The DSA(+) group and DSA(-) group had similar risk of WKF (unadjusted model: hazard ratio [HR] = 0.77, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.29-2.05 and adjusted model: HR = 0.36, 95% CI: 0.12-1.08); similar risk of composite kidney outcome (unadjusted model: HR = 1.04, 95% CI: 0.45-2.43 and adjusted model: HR = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.20-1.39); and similar risk of overall death (unadjusted model: HR = 1.23, 95% CI: 0.45-3.36 and adjusted model: HR = 1.28, 95% CI: 0.42-3.87). We found similar results when comparing different DSA subclasses (class I and II DSAs) with recipients without DSAs. CONCLUSIONS: The presence of pretransplant DSAs was not associated with worse kidney allograft outcomes from our single-center experience. Further prospective larger studies are strongly warranted.

14.
Intern Med ; 59(1): 93-99, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902910

RESUMO

Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is an extremely rare condition caused by an excessive activation of the complement pathway based on genetic or acquired dysfunctions in complement regulation, leading to thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). A complement-amplifying condition (CAC) can trigger aHUS occurrence along with complement abnormality. We herein report a case of severe TMA after laparoscopic myomectomy in a healthy woman. This case was eventually diagnosed as complement-mediated TMA secondary to surgical invasive stress as a CAC, with no definitive diagnosis of aHUS despite a genetic test. The patient fully recovered after several eculizumab administrations.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/complicações , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/tratamento farmacológico , Miomectomia Uterina/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Inativadores do Complemento/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Raras , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/diagnóstico , Microangiopatias Trombóticas/etiologia
15.
Am J Nephrol ; 51(2): 160-167, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31968342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with permanent postsurgical hypoparathyroidism, a complication of total thyroidectomy, often require high calcium supplementation with vitamin D to maintain serum calcium levels. The epidemiology of calcium-alkali syndrome (CAS) in patients with hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the incidence of hypercalcemia, renal impairment, metabolic alkalosis, and CAS in patients treated for presumed hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients with neck cancers who underwent total thyroidectomy without parathyroid autotransplantation between January 2010 and October 2013 at our hospital were consecutively included. All patients received calcium lactate and alfacalcidol for postsurgical hypocalcemia. We defined hypercalcemia as a corrected serum calcium level (cCa) ≥10.5 mg/dL, metabolic alkalosis as a difference in serum sodium and serum chloride ([sNa-sCl]) ≥39 mEq/L, and renal impairment as a ≥50% increase in serum creatine and/or ≥35% decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) compared to baseline. RESULTS: cCa peaked (11.1 ± 1.5 mg/dL) at a median of 326 days (interquartile range 78-869) after surgery. At peak cCa, [sNa-sCl] was significantly higher (p < 0.01), and eGFR was significantly lower (p < 0.01) than that at baseline. Fifteen patients (55.6%) had hypercalcemia, 19 (70.3%) had alkalosis, 12 (44.4%) had renal impairment, and 9 (33.3%) had CAS. Patients with CAS (mean age 67.1 ± 10.8 years) were older than those without CAS (56.7 ± 13.6 years, p = 0.06). The mean dose of alfacalcidol in the CAS group (3.1 ± 1.2 µg/day) was significantly larger than that in the non-CAS group (2.1 ± 1.0 µg/day, p = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study reveals the high incidence of CAS in patients with hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy. Furthermore, these findings suggest that the serum calcium level, acid-base balance, and renal function should be closely monitored in patients with postsurgical hypoparathyroidism who receive large doses of active vitamin D.

16.
Intern Med ; 59(3): 389-394, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588082

RESUMO

A 77-year-old man with a history of hypertension, prostate hyperplasia, and urolithiasis was admitted for acute kidney injury caused by hypercalcemia. Neck ultrasonography showed a large cyst adjacent to the right lower thyroid lobe. Although a 99mtechnetium sestamibi scan was negative, an extremely high intracystic intact parathyroid hormone level suggested that the cyst had a parathyroid origin and that a functional parathyroid cyst was present. Immunohistochemical staining for the calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) after right lower parathyroidectomy revealed CaSR-positive cells lining the cyst, indicating that the functional parathyroid cyst had originated from the hemorrhagic degeneration of a parathyroid adenoma.


Assuntos
Adenoma/fisiopatologia , Cinacalcete/uso terapêutico , Hipercalcemia/complicações , Hiperparatireoidismo/tratamento farmacológico , Glândulas Paratireoides/fisiopatologia , Glândulas Paratireoides/cirurgia , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/fisiopatologia , Adenoma/etiologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Calcimiméticos/uso terapêutico , Cistos/fisiopatologia , Cistos/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/etiologia , Neoplasias das Paratireoides/cirurgia , Paratireoidectomia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Transpl Int ; 33(2): 202-215, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647143

RESUMO

There is a dearth of published data regarding the presence of post-transplant donor-specific antibodies (DSA), especially C1q-binding DSA (C1q+DSA), and patient and kidney allograft outcomes in simultaneous liver-kidney transplant (SLKT) recipients. We conducted a retrospective cohort study consisted of 85 consecutive SLKT patients between 2009 and 2018 in our center. Associations between presence of post-transplant DSA, including persistent and/or newly developed DSA and C1q+DSA, and all-cause mortality and the composite outcome of mortality, allograft kidney loss, and antibody-mediated rejection were examined using unadjusted and age and sex-adjusted Cox proportional hazards and time-dependent regression models. The mean age at SLKT was 56 years and 60% of the patients were male. Twelve patients (14%) had post-transplant DSA and seven patients (8%) had C1q+DSA. The presence of post-transplant DSA was significantly associated with increased risk of mortality (unadjusted model: Hazard Ratio (HR) = 2.72, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06-6.98 and adjusted model: HR = 3.20, 95% CI: 1.11-9.22) and the composite outcome (unadjusted model: HR = 3.18, 95% CI: 1.31-7.68 and adjusted model: HR = 3.93, 95% CI: 1.39-11.10). There was also higher risk for outcomes in recipients with C1q+DSA compared the ones without C1q+DSA. Post-transplant DSA is significantly associated with worse patient and kidney allograft outcomes in SLKT. Further prospective and large cohort studies are warranted to better assess these associations.

18.
Ren Fail ; 42(1): 40-47, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875761

RESUMO

Background: De novo Donor Specific Antibodies (DSA) are considered as a risk factor for the kidney allograft outcomes in recipients after simultaneous liver-kidney transplantation (SLKT). We hypothesized that length of hospital stay (LOS) might be associated with de novo DSA development of due to the increased likelihood of receiving blood transfusions with reduced immunosuppressive regimens.Methods: This study is a single-center, retrospective cohort study consisting of 85 recipients who underwent SLKT from 2009 to 2018 in our hospital. We divided the patients into two groups according to LOS [long hospital stay (L) group (LOS >14 days) and short hospital stay (S) group (LOS ≤14 days)]. Propensity score (PS) has been created using logistic regression to predict LOS greater than median of 14 days. The association between the presence of de novo DSA and LOS was assessed by logistic regression models adjusted for PS.Results: The mean age at transplantation of the entire cohort was 55.5 ± 10.1 years. Sixty percent of the recipients were male and Caucasian. Median LOS in (L) group was three-fold longer than (S) group [L: median 30 days (IQR: 21-52), S: median 8.5 days (IQR: 7-11)]. Eight patients developed de novo DSA after SLKT (9.4%), all of them were in (L) group. Longer LOS was significantly associated with higher risk of development of de novo DSA in unadjusted (OR+ each 5 days: 1.09, 95% CI:1.02-1.16) and PS adjusted (OR+ each 5 days: 1.11, 95% CI:1.02-1.21) analysis.Conclusion: Longer hospitalization is significantly associated with the development of de novo DSA in SLKT.


Assuntos
Rejeição de Enxerto/epidemiologia , Isoanticorpos/sangue , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos/imunologia , Transfusão de Sangue/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto/sangue , Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Incidência , Isoanticorpos/imunologia , Isoantígenos/imunologia , Rim/imunologia , Fígado/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
19.
PLoS One ; 14(12): e0225878, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An extended-release, once-daily, oral formulation of tacrolimus is currently used after kidney transplantation as a substitute for the conventional twice-daily formulation. The purpose of this study was to provide a limited sampling strategy with minimum and optimum sampling points to predict the tacrolimus area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) after administration of once-daily tacrolimus in de novo adult kidney transplant patients. METHODS: A total of 36 adult Japanese kidney transplant patients receiving once-daily tacrolimus were included: 31 were allocated to a study group to develop limited sampling strategy (LSS) model equations based on multiple stepwise linear regression analysis, and 5 were allocated to a validation group to estimate the precision of the LSS equations developed by the study group. Twelve-hour AUC (AUC0-12) was calculated by the trapezoidal rule, and the relationship between individual concentration points and AUC0-12 were determined by multiple linear regression analysis. The coefficient of determination (R2) was used to assess the goodness-of-fit of the regression models. Three error indices (mean error, mean absolute error, and root mean squared prediction error) were calculated to evaluate predictive bias, accuracy, and precision, respectively. Quality of the statistical models was compared with Akaike's information criterion (AIC). RESULTS: A four-point model using C0, C2, C4 and C6 gave the best fit to predict AUC0-12 (R2 = 0.978). In the three- and two-point models, the best fits were at time points C2, C4, and C6 (R2 = 0.973), and C2 and C6 (R2 = 0.962), respectively. All three models reliably estimated tacrolimus AUC0-12, consistent with evaluations by the three error indices and Akaike's information criterion. Practically, the two-point model with C2 and C6 was considered to be the best combination, providing a highly accurate prediction and the lowest blood sampling frequency. CONCLUSIONS: The two-point model with C2 and C6 may be valuable in reducing the burden on patients, as well as medical costs, for once-daily tacrolimus monitoring.


Assuntos
Coleta de Amostras Sanguíneas , Transplante de Rim , Modelos Biológicos , Tacrolimo , Adulto , Idoso , Área Sob a Curva , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tacrolimo/administração & dosagem , Tacrolimo/farmacocinética
20.
Am J Transplant ; 19(11): 3046-3057, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31306549

RESUMO

Our aim was to evaluate the safety of transplanting kidneys from HCV-infected donors in HCV-uninfected recipients. Data collected from 53 recipients in a single center, observational study included donor and recipient characteristics, liver and kidney graft function, new infections and de novo donor-specific antibodies and renal histology. Treatment with a direct-acting antiviral regimen was initiated when HCV RNA was detected. The mean ± SD age of recipients was 53 ± 11 years, 34% were female, 19% and 79% of recipients were white and African American, respectively. The median and interquartile range (IQR) time between transplant and treatment initiation was 76 (IQR: 68-88) days. All 53 recipients became viremic (genotype: 1a [N = 34], 1b [N = 1], 2 [N = 3], and 3 [N = 15]). The majority (81%) of recipients did not experience clinically significant increases (>3 times higher than upper limit of the normal value) in aminotransferase levels and their HCV RNA levels were in the 5 to 6 log range. One patient developed fibrosing cholestatic hepatitis with complete resolution. All recipients completed antiviral treatment and 100% were HCV RNA-negative and achieved 12-week sustained virologic response. The estimated GFRs at end of treatment and 12-week posttreatment were 67 ± 21 mL/min/1.73 m2 and 67 ± 17 mL/min/1.73 m2 , respectively. Four recipients developed acute rejection. Kidney transplantation from HCV-infected donors to HCV-negative recipients should be considered in all eligible patients.


Assuntos
Sobrevivência de Enxerto , Hepatite C/transmissão , Falência Renal Crônica/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim/métodos , Doadores de Tecidos/provisão & distribução , Transplantados/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Obtenção de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos
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