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Toxicology ; 435: 152422, 2020 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32112805


Ribavirin has been proven to be an antiviral treatment, whereas there are still risks of hemolysis and congenital malformation. Abnormal cardiac development contributes to the occurrence and development of many heart diseases. However, there is so far no evidence that ribavirin induces human cardiac developmental toxicity. Herein, we employed the cardiac differentiation model of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) to determine the impact of ribavirin on heart development. Our data showed that ribavirin at clinically high concentrations (5 and 10 µM) significantly inhibited the proliferation and differentiation of hiPSCs from mesoderm to cardiac progenitor cells and cardiac progenitor cells to cardiomyocytes, but not from pluripotent status to mesoderm. Meanwhile, DCFH-DA staining revealed that ribavirin could increase ROS content in the mid-phase of differentiation. In addition, ribavirin treatment (1, 5 and 10 µM) remarkably caused DNA damage which was shown by the increase of γH2AX-positive cells and upregulation of the p53 during the differentiation of hiPSCs from mesoderm to cardiac progenitor cells. Moreover, exposuring to ribavirin (5 and 10 µM) markedly upregulated the expression of lncRNAs Gas5 in both mid-phase and late phase of differentiation and HBL1 in the mid-phase. In conclusion, our results suggest that ribavirin is detrimental in cardiac differentiation of hiPSCs, which may be associated with DNA damage, upregulated p53 and increased Gas5. It may provide the evidence for the rational clinical application of ribavirin.

FEBS Open Bio ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053740


Iron overload affects the cell cycle of various cell types, but the effect of iron overload on human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) has not yet been reported. Here, we show that the proliferation capacities of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) were significantly inhibited by ferric ammonium citrate (FAC) in a concentration-dependent manner. Additionally, deferoxamine (DFO) protected hESCs/hiPSCs against FAC-induced cell cycle arrest. However, iron overload did not affect pluripotency in hESCs/hiPSCs. Further, treatment of hiPSCs with FAC resulted in excess reactive oxygen species production and DNA damage. Collectively, our findings provide new insights into the role of iron homeostasis in the maintenance of self-renewal in hPSCs.