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1.
Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 32(1): 80-86, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625959

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance (IR) has been established as a major risk factor for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) where it exerts effects on plasma glucose homeostasis, cellular anabolism, and organ glucose uptake. Owing to paucity of studies focused on peripheral IR in relation to pathological outcome, we aim to investigate homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) by histological characteristics of NAFLD. METHODS: Liver biopsy of 588 patients was screened. After excluding etiologies other than NAFLD and factors contributing to IR, serum HOMA-IR was compared with patients' histologic features. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to assess their relationship. Area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) was calculated to assess the discriminatory ability of homeostatic model assessment of IR for advanced lobular inflammation (LI). RESULTS: We observed higher serum level of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, gamma-glutamyl transferase, and low-density lipoprotein as HOMA-IR increased. HOMA-IR is significantly associated with severity of LI (odds ratio = 1.222, 95% confidence interval = 1.135-1.315, P < 0.001), similar association remained after adjusting for age, BMI, hemoglobin A1c, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides (odds ratio = 1.205, 95% confidence interval = 1.102-1.317, P < 0.001). HOMA-IR is discriminant of LI with AUROC = 0.832 and cutoff = 2.995 (sensitivity = 0.938, specificity = 0.569). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated a strong and independent association of HOMA-IR with the severity of liver inflammation by histological evaluation in NAFLD patients without diabetes or metabolic syndrome, and its possible role in diagnosis of LI could be translated into clinical assessment of NAFLD patients with uncertainty of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis progression.


Assuntos
Resistência à Insulina , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Alanina Transaminase , Aspartato Aminotransferases , Humanos , Inflamação , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico
2.
United European Gastroenterol J ; 7(8): 1124-1134, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31662869

RESUMO

Background: Fibrosis is deemed to be a pivotal determinant of the long-term prognosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Objective: We aimed to develop a novel nomogram-based non-invasive model to accurately predict significant fibrosis in patients with NAFLD. Methods: We designed a prospective cohort study including 207 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. Detailed anthropometric and fibrosis-related laboratory parameters were collected. A nomogram was established based on variables that were independently associated with significant fibrosis identified by the logistic regression model. Then it was compared with aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS), FIB-4 and BARD score. Diagnostic accuracy was assessed according to area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC), sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and decision curve analysis. Results: Variables included in the nomogram were: waist-to-height ratio, hyaluronic acid, procollagen-III-peptide, chitinase-3-like protein 1, and cytokeratine-18 neoepitope M65. The discrimination ability of the nomogram (AUROC = 0.829, 95%CI 0.755-0.904) was significantly superior to APRI (AUROC = 0.670, 95%CI 0.563-0.777), NFS (AUROC = 0.601, 95%CI 0.480-0.722), FIB-4 (AUROC = 0.624, 95%CI 0.511-0.736) and BARD (AUROC = 0.579, 95%CI 0.459-0.699) for significant fibrosis (all p < 0.05). The nomogram showed a larger net benefit to aid in decision-making as to whether biopsy is required. Conclusions: This novel nomogram was more accurate, and achieved higher net benefit than APRI, NFS, FIB-4 and BARD to detect significant fibrosis. It can be useful as a non-invasive method to screen ≥F2 fibrosis in the overall population with NAFLD.


Assuntos
Fibrose/sangue , Fibrose/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Adulto , Antropometria , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia , Plaquetas/citologia , Feminino , Fibrose/diagnóstico , Fibrose/mortalidade , Humanos , Testes de Função Hepática/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nomogramas , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
3.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 5005-5014, 2019 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Inappropriate use of antibiotics results in antimicrobial resistance and dysbacteriosis. Among critically ill cirrhotic patients, consensus regarding the most optimal prescription strategy for antibiotics use has not been achieved. For these patients, the score for end-stage liver disease (MELD) demonstrated its value in predicting prognosis of cirrhosis. This study investigated use of the MELD score to guide antibiotics choice. MATERIAL AND METHODS We enrolled 1250 patients with cirrhosis. We collected patient information, including antibiotics administration. Linear regression analyses were performed to determine independent predictors of antibiotic administration. Survival curves were constructed based on Cox regression models. Cox proportional hazard models were used to calculate the hazard ratio, shown by forest plots. RESULTS The population was equally stratified into 4 groups based on the MELD score (Q1: MELD <10; Q2: 10≤ MELD <17; Q3: 17≤ MELD <26; Q4: 26≤ MELD). In Q1, all the HR (hazard ratio) related to the duration of antibiotics use demonstrated no statistical significance. In Q2, the HR related to the duration of antibiotics use revealed a successive decrease. In Q3, the HR showed statistical significance only with a duration of antibiotics use of 7 days or more. In Q4, all the HR were statistically significant. As for categories of antibiotics use, whatever the MELD score was, the HR continued to increase with ascending categories. CONCLUSIONS For low MELD score patients (MELD <17), changing the duration of antibiotics use was not associated with a better prognosis. For high MELD score patients (MELD ≥17), longer duration of antibiotics use was associated with a reduction in mortality. Whatever the MELD score was, an increase of number of antibiotic categories was positively associat ed with poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Estado Terminal , Doença Hepática Terminal/complicações , Doença Hepática Terminal/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Modelos Biológicos , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Doença Hepática Terminal/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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