Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.303
Filtrar
1.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 285: 121882, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36179561

RESUMO

In this work, a novel isophorone-based fluorescent probe H-1 was designed and synthesized. The probe H-1 could achieve highly selective detection of Al3+ through forming a 1:1 complex, with a recognition mechanism based on intramolecular charge transfer (ICT). The detection limit of the probe H-1 for Al3+ is as low as 8.25 × 10-8 M which was determined by fluorescent titration. It is confirmed that H-1 could be used not only for fluorescence spectrometry to detect Al3+ ions in actual water samples, but also for biological imaging to detect Al3+ ions in cells and plants.


Assuntos
Alumínio , Corantes Fluorescentes , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Alumínio/análise , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Íons
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355745

RESUMO

Lifelong learning (LLL) represents the ability of an artificial intelligence system to learn successively a sequence of different databases. In this paper we introduce the Dynamic Self-Supervised Teacher-Student Network (D-TS), representing a more general LLL framework, where the Teacher is implemented as a dynamically expanding mixture model which automatically increases its capacity to deal with a growing number of tasks. We propose the Knowledge Discrepancy Score (KDS) criterion for measuring the relevance of the incoming information characterizing a new task when compared to the existing knowledge accumulated by the Teacher module from its previous training. The KDS ensures a light Teacher architecture while also enabling to reuse the learned knowledge whenever appropriate, accelerating the learning of given tasks. The Student module is implemented as a lightweight probabilistic generative model. We introduce a novel self-supervised learning for the Student that allows to capture cross-domain latent representations from the entire knowledge accumulated by the Teacher as well as from novel data. We perform several experiments which show that D-TS can achieve the state of the art results in LLL while requiring fewer parameters than other methods.

3.
Cancer Control ; 29: 10732748221140206, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36373740

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Though menstrual and reproductive factors have been associated with the risk of breast cancer in many populations, very few studies have been conducted among Vietnamese women. This study aimed to assess the association between menstrual and reproductive factors and the risk of breast cancer in Vietnamese women. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of 490 breast cancer cases and 468 controls was conducted in Northern Vietnam. Unconditional logistic regression models adjusting for confounders were used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the associations of menstrual and reproductive factors with the risk of breast cancer; overall and by cancer subtype. RESULTS: Among breast cancer patients, the luminal B subtype was the most frequent (48.6%), followed by HER2-overexpressing (24.5%), luminal A (16.7%), and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC; 10.2%). Among menopausal women, menopausal age at 50 years or older (OR = 1.71, 95% CI: 1.15-2.57 vs. <50 y) was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. Earlier age at menarche (<13 y) was associated with a significantly increased risk of breast cancer (OR = 2.66, 95% CI: 1.08-7.51) among premenopausal women only and the luminal A subtype of breast cancer (OR = 3.06, 95% CI: 1.04-8.16). Having more than two children was associated with a reduced risk of premenopausal (OR = .42, 95%CI: .21-.83), luminal B (OR = .43, 95% CI: .24-.79), and TNBC (OR = .34, 95% CI: .14-.89). Later menopause was positively associated with the risk of breast cancer with HER2 overexpression (OR = 2.19, 95% CI: 1.14-4.23). CONCLUSION: Associations of menstrual and reproductive factors with breast cancer among Vietnamese women, particularly for among premenopausal women and for the luminal A subtype, are generally consistent with those reported from other countries. These findings suggest that changes in menstrual and reproductive patterns among young Vietnamese women may contribute to the recent rising incidence of breast cancer in Vietnam.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vietnã/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Asiáticos , Receptores de Progesterona , Receptor ErbB-2
4.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36355037

RESUMO

Currently, one of the main reasons for the ineffectiveness of tumor treatment is that the abnormally high tumor interstitial pressure (TIP) hinders the delivery of drugs to the tumor center and promotes intratumoral cell survival and metastasis. Herein, we designed a "nanomotor" by in situ growth of Ag2S nanoparticles on the surface of ultrathin WS2 to fabricate Z-scheme photocatalytic drug AWS@M, which could rapidly enter tumors by splitting water in interstitial liquid to reduce TIP, along with O2 generation. Moreover, the O2 would be further converted to reactive oxygen species (ROS), accompanied by increased local temperature of tumors, and the combination of ROS with thermotherapy could eliminate the deep tumor cells. Therefore, the "nanomotor'' could effectively reduce the TIP levels of cervical cancer and pancreatic cancer (degradation rates of 40.2% and 36.1%, respectively) under 660 nm laser irradiation, further enhance intratumor drug delivery, and inhibit tumor growth (inhibition ratio 95.83% and 87.61%, respectively), and the related mechanism in vivo was explored. This work achieves efficiently photocatalytic water-splitting in tumor interstitial fluid to reduce TIP by the nanomotor, which addresses the bottleneck problem of blocking of intratumor drug delivery, and provides a general strategy for effectively inhibiting tumor growth.

5.
Ear Nose Throat J ; : 1455613221140280, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36373511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To assess whether specific selective neck dissection (SND) with involved levels is a feasible treatment for isolated regional failure in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) after radiation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2011 and December 2019, a total of 46 patients were assigned to undergo SND in the Department of Head and Neck Surgery at our center. The dissection extent of specific SND usually only involved levels of lymph node sites for isolated regional failure; in addition, lesions of level II or III involved removing both level II and III lymph nodes. The patients' clinical, MRI and pathological characteristics, overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and regional-free survival (RFS) were evaluated and analyzed. RESULTS: Level II was the most commonly involved cervical nodal region in 28 neck dissection specimens (54.9%), followed by level III with positive nodes in 11 specimens (21.6%). Eleven patients (34.8%) had post-SND locoregional recurrence without distant metastasis. Of the patients, 7 patients (30.4%) had regional recurrence, and only one patient (2.8%) had lymph node recurrence on the side of SND. In addition, 8 patients (17.4%) had post-SND distant metastasis. The OS, DFS, and RFS of the patients were 76.1%, 58.7%, and 69.6%, respectively, at 3 years. The OS, DFS, and RFS values of patients who underwent SND were similar to those of patients who underwent comprehensive neck dissection (CND) and/or SND in published articles. CONCLUSION: Specific SND was shown to be an effective and feasible treatment for isolated regional failure in NPC.

6.
Food Chem ; 404(Pt B): 134681, 2022 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36327505

RESUMO

This study synthesized a conjugated microporous polymer (CMP) at room temperature, which has high surface area, large conjugate system, and nitrogen-rich features. The material was explored as a solid-phase extraction (SPE) column, and it showed a higher extraction efficiency for nitro-musks compared to most commercial columns. Under optimal SPE conditions, a sensitive and efficient method for determining five nitro-musks was established based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The method showed excellent linearity (R2 ≥ 0.996), low limits of detection (0.13-0.57 ng·L-1), good repeatability (1.1-4.0 %, n = 6) and was applied to the detection of trace nitro-musks in water and milk samples. The mechanism was further discussed combined with a simulation calculation. The advantages of the proposed method were mainly reflected in the extraction efficiency and sensitivity, which also indicated the potential of CMPs as a sample pretreatment material.

7.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 18830, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335201

RESUMO

Mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) are frequently found in low-grade gliomas, secondary glioblastoma, chondrosarcoma, acute myeloid leukemias, and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. However, the molecular mechanisms of how IDH2 mutations induce carcinogenesis remain unclear. Using overlapping PCR, transfection, immunoblotting, immunoprecipitation, measurements of enzyme activity, glucose, lactic acid, ATP, and reactive oxygen species (ROS), cell viability, protein degradation assays post-inhibition of the 26S proteasome (bortezomib) or HSP90 (17-AAG), and a homology model, we demonstrated that the properties of ten cancer-associated IDH2 variants (R140G/Q/W and R172S/K/M/W/G/C/P) arising from point mutations are closely related to their structure and stability. Compared with wild-type IDH2, the R172 and R140 point mutations resulted in a decrease in IDH2 activity, ROS, and lactate levels and an increase in glucose and ATP levels under normal and hypoxic conditions, indicating that mutant IDH2 increases cell dependency on mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, and reduces glycolysis under hypoxia. Overexpression of most of IDH2 point mutants showed anti-proliferative effects in the 293T and BV2 cell lines by inhibition of PI3K/AKT signaling and cyclin D1 expression and/or induced the expression of TNF-α and IL-6. Furthermore, bortezomib treatment resulted in dramatic degradation of IDH2 mutants, including R140G, R140Q, R140W, R172S and R172K, whereas it had little impact on the expression of WT and other mutants (R172M, R172W, R172G, R172C and R172P). In addition, targeting HSP90 minimally affected the expression of mutated IDH2 due to a lack of interaction between HSP90 and IDH2. The homology model further revealed that changes in conformation and IDH2 protein stability appeared to be associated with these point mutations. Taken together, our findings provide information important for understanding the molecular mechanisms of IDH2 mutations in tumors.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas , Glioma , Humanos , Isocitrato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Mutação Puntual , Bortezomib , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Glioma/patologia , Mutação , Glucose , Trifosfato de Adenosina
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36417062

RESUMO

Nitrogen pollution in groundwater is an environmental issue of global concern. Identifying nitrogen pollution sources and determining migration and transformation processes are the major ways to prevent and control nitrogen pollution in the groundwater on a regional scale. In this study, groundwater in the lower Wei River was investigated by combining multi-isotope tracing techniques with the SIAR hybrid model (source resolution) to trace the nitrate sources and their contribution rate to nitrogen pollution in groundwater of different geomorphological units, considering types of geomorphology as the units. The multi-isotope tracing technique allows dynamic analysis of nitrate sources, and the combination of this technology can improve the accuracy of nitrogen source traceability. The results indicated that the pH of the water bodies in the study area ranged from 6.83 to 8.01, which is neutral and weakly alkaline. The nitrogen pollution was mainly due to nitrates. The significant factors affecting nitrogen migration in groundwater are the geomorphological type, the chemical characteristics of the groundwater, and the age of the groundwater. Nitrogen migration and transformation processes in the study area were dominated by nitrification, and sources of nitrate pollution were mainly animal manure and domestic sewage (32.6%), followed by atmospheric deposition (26.8%), soil nitrogen (20.9%), and chemical fertilizer (19.7%). The main sources of nitrate in groundwater from river flats, alluvial plains, and loess tableland were animal manure and domestic sewage (43.7%), animal manure and domestic sewage (59.1%), and atmospheric deposition (55.5%), respectively. The result is mainly related to the different structural characteristics of various geomorphic units and the intensity of human activities. This study can provide a theoretical basis for the relevant agencies to develop plans to combat groundwater pollution.

9.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 1053610, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36408246

RESUMO

Glucuronidation catalyzed by UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) is one of the most important phase II mechanisms, facilitating drug clearance via conjugation of glucuronic acid with polar groups of xenobiotics. Accumulating evidence suggests that IBDs impact drug disposition, but whether and how IBDs regulate UGTs and drug glucuronidation remains undefined. In this study, we aim to investigate the expression of UGTs and drug glucuronidation in experimental colitis. Given that glucuronidation occurs primarily in the liver, we analyzed the mRNA changes in hepatic UGTs with a DSS-induced mouse colitis model. Twelve UGTs were downregulated in the liver of colitis mice including UGT1A1 and UGT1A9 (two representative UGTs). Colitis in mice downregulated UGT1A1 and UGT1A9 in the liver but not in small intestine, colon, and kidney. We also established that the downregulation of UGTs was attributed to the disease itself rather than the DSS compound. Moreover, colitis-reduced UGT1A1 and UGT1A9 lead to dampened baicalein and puerarin glucuronidation. PXR was the only UGT regulator significantly downregulated in colitis mice, suggesting dysregulation of PXR is associated with the downregulation of UGT1A1 and UGT1A9, thereby potentially resulting in dysfunction of baicalein and puerarin glucuronidation. Collectively, we establish that UGTs and glucuronidation are dysregulated in colitis, and this effect may cause variation in drug responsiveness in IBDs.

10.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 910313, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36304537

RESUMO

Background: Provisional stenting (PS) is the main treatment for a majority of coronary bifurcation lesion and includes PS with 1-stent and PS with 2-stent. However, the treatment difference between PS with 1-stent and with 2-stent remains unclear in patients with the acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and coronary bifurcation lesions. Materials and methods: Overall, 820 ACS patients with Medina 1,1,1 or 0,1,1 coronary bifurcation lesion who had completed 3-year follow-up were included and assigned to the PS with 1-stent (n = 519) or the PS with 2-stent (n = 301) according to the use of final stenting technique. The primary endpoint was the target lesion failure (TLF) at 3 years since stenting procedures. Results: At 3-year follow-up, TLF occurred in 85 (16.4%) patients in the PS with 1-stent group and 69 (22.9%) in the PS with 2-stent group (hazard ratio [HR] 1.52, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.06-2.17, p = 0.021), mainly driven by a higher rate of target lesion revascularization (TLR) in the PS with 2-stent group (13.0% vs. 8.3%, HR 1.65, 95% CI 1.04-2.61, p = 0.033). Complex bifurcations, side branch (SB) pretreatment, intravascular imaging guidance, and hyperlipidemia were the four predictors for 3-year TLF. SB pretreatment was associated with increased 3-year TLR, leading to an extremely higher 3-year TLF. Conclusion: Provisional with 2-stent for patients with ACS is associated with a higher rate of 3-year TLF, mainly due to increased requirement of revascularization. SB pretreatment should be avoided for simple bifurcation lesion.

11.
J Am Vet Med Assoc ; : 1-6, 2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36315451

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the 50% effective dose (ED50) of intravenous propofol required for successfully preventing tracheal intubation response in Beagles co-induced with dexmedetomidine. ANIMALS: 36 adult male Beagles. PROCEDURES: The dogs were randomly assigned to either group D1, group D2, or group C (received 1 µg/kg, 2 µg/kg dexmedetomidine intravenously, or the same amount of normal saline as dexmedetomidine, 10 mL). The first dog in each group received 6 mg/kg of propofol for induction. The pump speed of propofol was 600 mL/h. The dosage varied with increments or decrements of 0.5 mg/kg based on the Dixon up-and-down method. The duration of eye-opening after propofol administration was recorded. Changes in heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate (RR) were recorded at 5 timepoints: after entering the operation room and prior to propofol administration (T1), 1 and 3 min after propofol administration (T2 and T3), 3 and 5 min after intubation (T4 and T5). RESULTS: The required ED50 of propofol that prevented tracheal intubation response in D1, D2, and C groups were 6.4 mg/kg (95% CI, 6.1 to 6.7 mg/kg), 5.8 mg/kg (95% CI, 5.67 to 6 mg/kg), and 8.3 mg/kg (95% CI, 8 to 8.5 mg/kg), respectively. The recovery time of group D2 was significantly longer than that of groups D1 and C (P < .05). The differences in HR among the 3 groups were significant from T2 up to T5 timepoint (P < .05). The differences in RR among the 3 groups were significant at T2 and T3 timepoints (P < .05). CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Dexmedetomidine pre-injection reduces the amount of propofol required for endotracheal intubation response in Beagles, thereby reducing the respiratory inhibition induced by propofol.

12.
Bioorg Chem ; 129: 106162, 2022 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36183564

RESUMO

Xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) is a clinically validated target for the treatment of hyperuricemia and gout. A series of novel 1,2,4-triazoles were identified as potent XO inhibitors via a fused-pharmacophore strategy based on the interaction modes of febuxostat and topiroxostat. Among them, compound 7i showed an IC50 value of 0.20 nM against XOR, which was superior to febuxostat and topiroxostat. Furthermore, 7i exhibited significant hypouricemic and serum XOR inhibitory effects in potassium oxonate induced hyperuricemia mouse models. A single-dose toxicity assessment of 7i showed no noticeable toxicity at the dose of 50 mg/kg. These results demonstrated that 7i could be a promising lead compound for the treatment of hyperuricemia and gout.


Assuntos
Gota , Hiperuricemia , Camundongos , Animais , Febuxostat/farmacologia , Xantina Desidrogenase/uso terapêutico , Hiperuricemia/induzido quimicamente , Hiperuricemia/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/uso terapêutico , Triazóis/farmacologia , Triazóis/uso terapêutico , Gota/tratamento farmacológico , Xantina Oxidase
13.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(45): 20964-20974, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36283036

RESUMO

Precise synthesis of well-ordered ultrathin nanowire arrays with tunable active surface, though attractive in optoelectronics, remains challenging to date. Herein, well-aligned sub-10 nm TiO2 nanowire arrays with controllable corrugated structure have been synthesized by a unique monomicelle-directed assembly method. The nanowires with an exceptionally small diameter of ∼8 nm abreast grow with an identical adjacent distance of ∼10 nm, forming vertically aligned arrays (∼800 nm thickness) with a large surface area of ∼102 m2 g-1. The corrugated structure consists of bowl-like concave structures (∼5 nm diameter) that are closely arranged along the axis of the ultrathin nanowires. And the diameter of the concave structures can be finely manipulated from ∼2 to 5 nm by simply varying the reaction time. The arrays exhibit excellent charge dynamic properties, leading to a high applied bias photon-to-current efficiency up to 1.4% even at a very low potential of 0.41 VRHE and a superior photocurrent of 1.96 mA cm-2 at 1.23 VRHE. Notably, an underlying mechanism of the hole extraction effect for concave walls is first clarified, demonstrating the exact role of concave walls as the hole collection centers for efficient water splitting.

14.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202214244, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36285465

RESUMO

A novel poly(phenazine-alt-pyromellitic anhydride) (PPPA) has been successfully designed and synthesized via a condensation polymerization strategy as promising cathode material in organic zinc-ion batteries. Electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance (EQCM), FTIR and XPS characterizations verify a reversible Zn2+ -coordination mechanism in our PPPA cathode. Intriguingly, an ultrahigh Zn2+ diffusion coefficient of 1.2×10-7  cm2 s-1 was found in this large π-conjugated system, which is the highest one among all organic cathode materials for zinc-ion batteries. Theoretical calculations reveal the extended π-conjugated plane in our PPPA sample results in a significant reduction on energy gap, effectively accelerating intramolecular electron transfer during charge/discharge process. Our finding provides insights to achieve high zinc-ion transport kinetics by a design strategy on planar polymer system.

15.
Front Oncol ; 12: 976143, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36185295

RESUMO

The uncontrollable COVID-19 crises in the SARS-CoV-2 high-prevalence areas have greatly disrupted the routine treatment of liver cancer and triggered a role transformation of radiotherapy for liver cancer. The weight of radiotherapy in the treatment algorithm for liver cancer has been enlarged by the COVID-19 pandemic, which is helpful for the optimal risk-benefit profile.

16.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 9618193, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36262871

RESUMO

Methods: NIP patients (n = 106) admitted between January 2020 and March 2021 were selected and grouped as follows according to the random number table method: a dissection group treated with dynamical-system surgery under nasal endoscope and an ablation group treated with LTPRA. The clinical curative effects of the two procedures were compared, and the related indexes (operation time (OT), intraoperative blood loss (IBL), and length of stay (LOS)) and postoperative adverse reactions (ARs) were counted. In addition, fasting venous blood samples were collected before treatment (T0), as well as 3 (T1) and 7 days after treatment (T2) to detect inflammatory factors (IFs; C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)) and T lymphocyte subsets (CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+). Finally, all patients received a one-year follow-up to compare the differences in prognostic survival rate and disease recurrence rate between groups. Results: The ablation group has a similar LOS to the dissection group (P > 0.05), but lower OT and IBL. No marked difference was observed between groups in terms of the total effective rate (P > 0.05), but the adverse reaction rate was higher in the dissection group compared with the ablation group (P < 0.05). Compared with T0, elevated CRP, IL-6, TNF-α, and CD3+ were observed in both cohorts at T1, with lower levels in the ablation group as compared to the dissection group, while CD4+ and CD8+ decreased in both cohorts and were higher in the ablation group (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the levels of CRP, IL-6, TNF-α, and CD3+ in both groups were lower at T2 compared to T1, whereas those of CD4+ and CD8+ in both groups were higher at T2 compared to T1 (P < 0.05). As indicated by the statistics on prognostic follow-up, the two cohorts of patients showed no evident difference in the 1-year survival rate and disease recurrence rate (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Both dynamical-system surgery under nasal endoscope and LTPRA have good therapeutic effects on NIP, but the latter is safer and can effectively reduce the postoperative inflammatory reaction of patients and maintain the stability of immune function, which has higher clinical application value.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Papiloma Invertido , Humanos , Papiloma Invertido/cirurgia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Interleucina-6 , Proteína C-Reativa , Temperatura , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Imunidade , Endoscópios
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(41): e31053, 2022 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36253976

RESUMO

Left-ventricular thrombus (LVT) is a potentially life-threatening disease. However, few studies have explored the risk factors of in-hospital systemic thromboembolism (ST) in LVT patients. In this multicenter retrospective study, we enrolled myocardial infarction patients with LVT from January 2008 to September 2021. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was applied to identify the independent risk factors for ST in LVT patients. A total number of 160 hospitalized LVT patients [median follow-up period 50 months (18.3-82.5 months)] were subjected to analysis. Of them, 54 (33.8%) patients developed acute myocardial infarction, 16 (10%) had ST, and 33 (20.6%) died. Comparable baseline characteristics were established between the ST and non-ST groups, except for the heart failure classification (P = .014). We obtained the following results from our multivariable analysis, based on the use of HFrEF as a reference: HFpEF [odd ratio (OR), 6.2; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.4-26.3; P = .014] and HFmrEF (OR, 5.0; 95%CI, 1.1-22.2; P = .033). In conclusion, HFpEF, and HFmrEF may be independent risk factors for in-hospital ST development.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Infarto do Miocárdio , Tromboembolia , Trombose , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hospitais , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico , Tromboembolia/complicações , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Trombose/etiologia
18.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 12: 973282, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36204637

RESUMO

Streptococcus suis (S. suis) is a highly virulent zoonotic pathogen and causes severe economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. Public health security is also threatened by the rapidly growing antimicrobial resistance in S. suis. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop new and safe antibacterial alternatives against S. suis. The green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) with a number of potential health benefits is known for its antibacterial effect; however, the mechanism of its bactericidal action remains unclear. In the present, EGCG at minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) showed significant inhibitory effects on S. suis growth, hemolytic activity, and biofilm formation, and caused damage to S. suis cells in vitro. EGCG also reduced S. suis pathogenicity in Galleria mellonella larvae in vivo. Metabolomics and proteomics analyses were performed to investigate the underlying mechanism of antibacterial activity of EGCG at MIC. Many differentially expressed proteins involved in DNA replication, synthesis of cell wall, and cell membrane, and virulence were down-regulated after the treatment of S. suis with EGCG. EGCG not only significantly reduced the hemolytic activity of S. suis but also down-regulated the expression of suilysin (Sly). The top three shared KEGG pathways between metabolomics and proteomics analysis were ABC transporters, glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, and aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis. Taken together, these data suggest that EGCG could be a potential phytochemical compound for treating S. suis infection.


Assuntos
Streptococcus suis , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Animais , Antibacterianos/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Catequina/análogos & derivados , Hemólise , Polifenóis/farmacologia , Proteômica , RNA de Transferência/metabolismo , Streptococcus suis/genética , Suínos , Chá/metabolismo
19.
JOR Spine ; 5(3): e1218, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36203863

RESUMO

Backgrounds: Cartilaginous endplate (CEP) plays an essential role in intervertebral disc (IVD) health and disease. The aim was to compare the CEP structure of lumbar IVD and to reveal the detailed pattern of integration between the CEP and bony endplate (BEP) from different species. Methods: A total of 34 IVDs (5 human, 5 goat, 8 pig, 8 rabbit, and 8 rat IVDs) were collected, fixed and midsagittally cut; in each IVD, one-half was used for histological staining to observe the CEP morphology, and the other half was used for scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analysis to measure the diameters and distributions of collagen fibers in the central and peripheral CEP areas and to observe the pattern of CEP-BEP integration from different species. Results: The human, pig, goat, and rabbit IVDs had the typical BEP-CEP structure, but the rat CEP was directly connected with the growth plate. Human CEP was the thickest (896.95 ± 87.71 µm) among these species, followed by pig, goat, rat, and rabbit CEPs. Additionally, the mean cellular density of the rabbit CEP was the highest, which was 930 ± 202 per mm2, followed by the rat, goat, pig, and human CEPs. In all the species, the collagen fiber diameter in the peripheral area was much bigger than that in the central area. The collagen fiber diameters of CEP from the human, pig, goat, and rat were distributed between 35 nm and 65 nm. The BEP and CEP were connected by the collagen from the CEP, aggregating into bundles or cross links with each other to form a network, and anchored to BEP. Conclusions: Significant differences in the thickness, cellular density, and collagen characterization of CEPs from different species were demonstrated; the integration of BEP-CEP in humans, pigs, goats, and rabbits was mainly achieved by the collagen bundles anchoring system, while the typical BEP-CEP interface did not exist in rats.

20.
Acta Chim Slov ; 0(0): 7516, 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36196831

RESUMO

Two new triketone-containing quinoxaline derivatives were designed by fragment splicing strategy and synthesized using 3,4-diaminobenzoic acid and substituted cyclohexanedione as starting materials. Both compounds were characterized by IR, 1H and 13C NMR, HRMS and X-ray diffraction. 3-Hydroxy-5-methyl-2-(quinoxaline-6-carbonyl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one (6a) crystallized in the triclinic system, space group Pi, a = 7.9829(2) Å, b = 8.1462(2) Å, c = 10.7057(3) Å, α = 84.3590(10)°, ß = 89.7760(10)°, γ = 87.4190(10)°, Z = 2, V = 692.12(3) Å3, F(000) = 296, Dc = 1.335 Mg/m3, m(MoKa) = 0.095 mm-1, R = 0.0683 and wR= 0.1983. 3-Hydroxy-5,5-dimethyl-2-(3-ethoxyquinoxaline-6-carbonyl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one (6b) crystallized in the monoclinic system, space group P21/c, a = 10.1554(6) Å, b = 9.6491(6) Å, c = 17.7645(10) Å, ß = 90.784(2)°, Z = 4, V = 1740.59(18) Å3, F(000) = 720, Dc = 1.299 Mg/m3, m(MoKa) = 0.092 mm-1, R = 0.0462 and wR = 0.1235. Physicochemical property comparison and ADMET prediction showed that compound 6a had similar properties to the commercial herbicide mesotrione. Molecular docking results showed that the interactions between 6a and AtHPPD were similar to mesotrione. Moreover, the extended aromatic ring system and the additional alkyl form more interactions with the surrounding residues. Examination of AtHPPD inhibition and herbicidal activity showed that 6a had similar inhibition values to mesotrione and had a superior inhibitory effect on Echinochloa crus-galli.


Assuntos
4-Hidroxifenilpiruvato Dioxigenase , Herbicidas , 4-Hidroxifenilpiruvato Dioxigenase/química , 4-Hidroxifenilpiruvato Dioxigenase/metabolismo , Cicloexanonas , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Quinoxalinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...