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2.
FASEB J ; 2020 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32627884

RESUMO

Schistosomiasis is a zoonotic parasitic disease caused by the trematode blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma. The prodigious egg output of females is the main cause of the disease in definitive hosts, while the female worm relies on continuous pairing with the male worm to fuel the growth and maturation of the reproductive organs and egg production. Prohibitin, which contains the functionally interdependent PHB1 and PHB2 subunits in human and some other species, has been proposed to participate in the cell proliferation and apoptosis regulation in mammals. However, little is known about the function of PHB homolog in the growth and reproductive development of schistosomes. Here, we reported the Phb1 gene that was structurally and evolutionarily conserved in Schistosoma japonicum when compared with that of other species from Caenorhabditis elegans to human. Real-time PCR detected that SjPhb1 was highly transcribed in the vitellaria of female worms. SjPhb1 knockdown achieved through the dsRNA-mediated RNAi in vivo resulted in retarded growth, decreased pairing, and fecundity in adult worms, as well as attenuated pathogenicity or virulence of worms to their hosts. Cell proliferation and apoptosis examination found decreased cell proliferation and increased cell apoptosis in SjPhb1 dsRNA-treated worms. Therefore, our study provides the first characterization of S. japonicum PHB1 and reveals its fundamental role in the regulation of growth and development of S. japonicum by specific dsRNA-mediated RNAi in vivo. Our findings prompt for a promising molecular of schistosomes that can be targeted to effectively retard the growth and development of the schistosomes.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32578948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe COVID-19 patients typically test positive for SARS-CoV-2 RNA for extended periods of time, even after recovery from severe disease. Due to the timeframe involved, these patients may have developed humoral immunity to SARS-CoV-2 whilst still testing positive for viral RNA in swabs. Data is lacking on exposure risks in these situations. Here we studied SARS-CoV-2 environmental contamination in an ICU and an isolation ward caring for such COVID-19 patients. METHODS: We collected air and surface samples in a hospital caring for critical and severe COVID-19 cases from common areas and areas proximal to patients. RESULTS: Of the 218 ICU samples, an air sample contained SARS-CoV-2 RNA. Of the 182 isolation ward samples, nine contained SARS-CoV-2 RNA. These were collected from a facemask, the floor, mobile phones and the air in the patient room and bathroom. Serum antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 were detected in these patients at the beginning of the study. CONCLUSIONS: Whilst there is a perception of increased risk in the ICU, our study demonstrates that isolation wards may pose greater risks to healthcare workers and exposure risks remain with clinically-improved patients, weeks after their initial diagnoses. As these patients had serum antibodies, further studies may be warranted to study the utility of serum antibodies as a surrogate of viral clearance in allowing people to return to work. We recommend continued vigilance even with patients who appear to have recovered from COVID-19.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32493036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Electroacupuncture (EA) is widely used as an effective method to treat stress-related disorders. However, its mechanisms remain largely unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of EA on gastric slow wave dysrhythmia and c-Fos expression in the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) induced by stress in a rodent model of functional dyspepsia (FD). METHODS: Rats in neonatal stage were treated using intragastric iodoacetamide. Eight weeks later, the rats were implanted with electrodes in the stomach for the measurement of gastric slow waves (GSW) and electrodes into acupoints ST36 for EA. Autonomic functions were assessed by the spectral analysis of heart rate variability. Rats were placed for 30 min in a cylindrical plastic tube for acute restraint stress. The involvement of a central afferent pathway was assessed by measuring c-Fos immunoreactive cells in the NTS. KEY RESULTS: 1) EA normalized restraint stress-induced impairment of GSW in "FD" rats. 2) EA significantly increased vagal activity (p=0.002) and improved sympathovagal balance (p=0.004) under stress in "FD" rats. 3) In "FD" rats under restraint stress, plasma norepinephrine (NE) concentration was increased substantially (P<0.01), which was suppressed with EA. 4) The EA group showed increased c-Fos positive cell counts in the NTS in comparison with the sham EA group (p<0.05) in "FD" rats. CONCLUSIONS: Acute restraint stress induces gastric dysrhythmia in a rodent model of FD. EA at ST36 improves GSW under stress in "FD" rats mediated via the central and autonomic pathways, involving the NTS and vagal efferent pathway.

5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(10): 2296-2299, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495583

RESUMO

With the advancement of the aging process, cerebrovascular disease has become China's first cause of death. Injection of Breviscapine is a type of traditional Chinese medicine injections published in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia of 2015 Edition and the National Basic Medical Insurance, Industrial Injury Insurance and Maternity Insurance Drug Catalogue, and used to treat ischemic cerebrovascular disease in clinic. In order to further improve clinicians' understanding of the drug and guidance of its rational clinical use, we gave full consideration of clinical research evidences and expert experience, followed the procedures developed based on expert consensus of Chinese Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and then offered recommendations for clinical problems summarized by clinical first-line investigations and evidence-based clinical problems according to internationally accepted evidence grading and recommendation standards, i.e. Grade. As for clinical problems without evidence, we reached through nominal group method, and formed consensus recommendations. Safety issues of Injection of Breviscapine, such as indication, syndrome, dosage, course of treatment, precautions, suggestions and contraindications, were defined to improve clinical efficacy, promote rational drug use and reduce drug risks. This consensus needs to be revised in the future based on emerging clinical issues and evidence-based updates in practical applications.

6.
Cancer Med ; 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mucinous breast carcinoma (MBC) is a relatively rare pathological type of breast cancer. Compared with mastectomy in MBC, the effect and safety of breast-conserving therapy (BCT) remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated the long-term prognosis of BCT and mastectomy in T1-2 stage mucinous breast carcinoma via the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. METHODS: Totally, 8830 patients who were diagnosed of mucinous breast carcinoma between 2004 and 2014 from SEER database were reviewed retrospectively. Cox proportional hazards model and Kaplan-Meier method were performed for evaluating the relationship between surgical method and prognosis. RESULTS: One thousand three hundred and twenty (14.9%) patients underwent mastectomy and 7510 (85.1%) underwent BCT. The median follow-up time was 77 months. There were more non-Hispanic white, married, and younger (<65 years) patients, as well as lower stage of tumor sizes, lymph nodes and more favorable histologic grade, ER positive, and PR positive in BCT group (P < .05). Patients in BCT group had relatively better overall survival (OS) than those in mastectomy group. The risk of death from any cause in BCT group was lower than that in mastectomy group significantly (HR = 0.786, 95% CI: 0.703-0.879, P < .001), while no difference significantly was observed in breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) between BCT and mastectomy groups. In stratified analysis according to T stage, BCT group had better OS than mastectomy group for patients of T1 stage (HR = 0.679, 95% CI: 0.589-0.781, P < .001) or T2 stage (HR = 0.769, 95% CI: 0.646-0.915, P = .003). In stratified analysis according to the different ages, BCT showed OS benefit in patients at the age of 50-64 years (HR = 0.587, 95% CI: 0.408-0.846, P = .004) and the age of 65-79 years (HR = 0.636, 95% CI: 0.535-0.758, P = .001). For patients younger than 50 years or not younger than 80 years, there was no difference significantly observed in OS between BCT and mastectomy groups (P > .05).While for patients who received BCT, the use of radiotherapy showed OS benefit. CONCLUSIONS: This large population-based study indicated patients who received BCT had better prognosis than those received mastectomy in T1-2 stage MBC, especially in patients at the age of 50-79 years. The use of radiotherapy showed OS benefit in patients receiving BCT. Breast-conserving therapy might be preferred over mastectomy especially in locoregional treatment of T1-2 stage MBC.

7.
Lung Cancer ; 146: 252-262, 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32592986

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Fruquintinib is an orally active kinase inhibitor that selectively targets the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor. A Phase II trial has demonstrated a significant benefit in progression-free survival (PFS) for fruquintinib-treated patients with locally advanced/metastatic nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have progressed after second-line chemotherapy. This Phase III trial is a randomized, double-blind, multicenter trial to confirm fruquintinib's efficacy in the same patient population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From December 2015 to February 2018, 730 patients were screened, of whom 527 were enrolled into the study. Participants were randomized 2:1 to receive fruquintinib (n = 354) or placebo (n = 173) once daily for 3 weeks on-treatment, and 1 week off-treatment. Patients were stratified according to epidermal growth factor receptor mutation status and prior use of VEGF inhibitors. Primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Median OS was 8.9 months for the fruquintinib group and 10.4 months for placebo group (hazard ratio [HR] 1.02; 95 % confidence interval [CI], 0.82-1.28; P = 0.841), with median PFS of 3.7 months and 1.0 months, respectively (HR 0.34; 95 % CI, 0.28-0.43; P < 0.001). Objective response rate and disease control rate were 13.8 % and 66.7 % for fruquintinib, and 0.6 % and 24.9 % for placebo, respectively (P < 0.001). Hypertension was the most frequent treatment-emergent adverse event (≥grade 3) observed in fruquintinib-treated patients (21.0 %). Post hoc analysis revealed that fruquintinib prolonged the median OS for patients who did not receive subsequent antitumor therapy: 7.0 months versus 5.1 months for placebo (HR 0.65; 95 % CI, 0.46-0.91; P = 0.012). Patients receiving fruquintinib also reported improvements in quality of life for most functional scales measured by EORTC QLQ-C30 and LC13 questionnaires. CONCLUSION: Although the study did not meet its primary endpoint, fruquintinib could be effective in combination with other agents for the treatment of patients with NSCLC who have failed second-line chemotherapy.

8.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0233571, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32497134

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors plus endocrine therapy (ET) in hormonal receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) advanced breast cancer (ABC). METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, ClinicalTrials.gov., ASCO, ESMO and AACR databases from inception to October 10, 2019 for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared CDK 4/6 inhibitors plus ET to single-agent ET with no treatment-line restriction. The main outcomes analyzed were progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), objective response rate (ORR), clinical benefit rate (CBR), and adverse events (AEs). RESULTS: Of 938 identified studies, 9 RCTs with 5043 women were eligible and included. Compared with ET alone, CDK 4/6 inhibitors and ET combination improved in PFS (hazard ratio (HR) 0.54, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.50-0.59, p< 0.00001) and OS (HR 0.77, 95% CI 0.69-0.85, p< 0.00001), regardless of ET strategies (HR 0.54, 95% CI 0.50-0.59 in PFS; HR 0.77, 95% CI 0.69-0.85 in OS), treatment line of advanced disease (HR 0.52, 95% CI 0.46-0.59 in PFS; HR 0.75, 95% CI 0.66-0.85 in OS) and menopausal status (HR 0.54, 95% CI 0.50-0.58 in PFS; HR 0.76, 95% CI 0.68-0.84 in OS). Higher risk of grade 3/4 AEs (RR 2.66, 95% CI 2.44-2.90, p < 0.00001) were observed in the combination group than in the ET group. CONCLUSIONS: Combination therapy with CDK 4/6 inhibitors and ET prolongs survival in HR+/ HER2- ABC. This combination is a better therapeutic strategy than endocrine monotherapy in HR+/HER2- ABC, regardless of treatment line, menopausal status and other individual characteristics.

9.
J Biol Chem ; 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32532820

RESUMO

Mediator complex subunit 16 (MED16) is a component of the mediator complex and functions as a coactivator in transcriptional events at almost all RNA polymerase II-dependent genes. In this study, we report that the expression of MED16 is markedly decreased in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) tumors compared with normal thyroid tissues. In vitro, MED16 overexpression in PTC cells significantly inhibited cell migration, enhanced sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) expression and iodine uptake, and decreased resistance to radioactive 131I (RAI). Conversely, PTC cells in which MED16 had been further knocked down (MED16KD) exhibited enhanced cell migration, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and RAI resistance, accompanied by decreased sodium/iodide symporter (NIS) levels. Moreover, cell signaling through transforming growth factor ß (TGF-ß) was highly activated after the MED16 knockdown. Similar results were obtained in MED12KD PTC cells, and a co-immunoprecipitation experiment verified interactions between MED16 and MED12 and MED16 and TGF-ßR2. Of note, the application of LY2157299, a potent inhibitor of TGF-ß signaling, significantly attenuated MED16KD-induced RAI resistance both in vitro and in vivo. In conclusion, our findings indicate that MED16 reduction in PTC contributes to tumor progression and RAI resistance via the activation of the TGF-ß pathway.

10.
Can J Kidney Health Dis ; 7: 2054358120922627, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32549052

RESUMO

Background: Predicting allograft failure in kidney transplant recipients can help plan renal replacement therapy and guide patient-provider communication. The kidney failure risk equation (KFRE) accurately predicts the need for dialysis in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but has not been validated in kidney transplant recipients. Objective: We sought to validate the 4-variable KFRE (age, sex, estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR], and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio [ACR]) for prediction of 2- and 5-year death-censored allograft failure. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Four independent North American Cohorts from Ontario, Canada; Alberta, Canada; Manitoba, Canada; and Wisconsin, United States, between January 1999 and December 2017. Patients: Adult kidney transplant patients at 1-year posttransplantation. Measurements: Kidney failure risk as measured by the KFRE (eGFR, urine ACR, age, and sex). Methods: We included all adult patients who had at least 1 serum creatinine and at least 1 urine ACR measurement approximately 1 year following kidney transplantation. The performance of the KFRE was evaluated using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (C-statistic). C-statistics from the 4 cohorts were meta-analyzed using random-effects models. Results: A total of 3659 patients were included. Pooled C-statistics were good in the entire population, at 0.81 (95% confidence interval: 0.72-0.91) for the 2-year KFRE and 0.73 (0.67-0.80) for the 5-year KFRE. Discrimination improved among patients with poorer kidney function (eGFR < 45 mL/min/1.73 m2), with a C-statistic of 0.88 (0.78-0.98) for the 2-year KFRE and 0.83 (0.74-0.91) for the 5-year KFRE. Limitations: The KFRE does not predict episodes of acute rejection and there was heterogeneity between cohorts. Conclusions: The KFRE accurately predicts kidney failure in kidney transplant recipients at 1-year posttransplantation. Further validation in larger cohorts with longer follow-up times can strengthen the case for clinical implementation.

11.
Gastrointest Endosc ; 91(6): 1410-1411, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32439102
12.
Chin J Integr Med ; 26(6): 420-427, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32361934

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect and safety of Hydroxysafflor Yellow A for Injection (HSYAI) in treating patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and blood stasis syndrome (BSS). METHODS: A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, multiple-dose, active-controlled phase II trial was conducted at 9 centers in China from July 2013 to September 2015. Patients with moderate or severe AIS and BSS were randomly assigned to low-, medium-, high-dose HSYAI groups (25, 50 and 70 mg/d HSYAI by intravenous infusion, respectively), and a control group (Dengzhan Xixin Injection (, DZXXI) 30 mL/d by intravenous infusion), for 14 consecutive days. The primary outcome was the Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score ⩽1 at days 90 after treatment. The secondary outcomes included the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score ⩽1, Barthel Index (BI) score ⩾95, and BSS score reduced ⩾30% from baseline at days 14, 30, 60, and 90 after treatment. The safety outcomes included any adverse events during 90 days after treatment. RESULTS: Of the 266 patients included in the effectiveness analysis, 66, 67, 65 and 68 cases were in the low-, medium-, and high-dose HSYAI and control groups, respectively. The proportions of patients in the medium- and high-dose HSYAI groups with mRS score ⩽1 at days 90 after treatment were significantly larger than the control group (P<0.05). The incidences of favorable outcomes of NIHSS and BI at days 90 after treatment as well as satisfactory improvement of BSS at days 30 and 60 after treatment in the medium- and high-dose HSYAI groups were all significantly higher than the control group (P<0.05). No significant difference was reported among the 4 groups in any specific adverse events (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: HSYAI was safe and well-tolerated at all doses for treating AIS patients with BSS. The medium (50 mg/d) or high dose (75 mg/d) might be the optimal dose for a phase III trial. (Registration No. ChiCTR-2000029608).

13.
Food Funct ; 11(5): 4416-4427, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374299

RESUMO

Accumulating clinical and epidemiological evidence indicates a close relationship between diabetes mellitus and dementia. The ginsenoside compound K (CK) has been reported to ameliorate diabetes mellitus and confer protection to the central nervous system. In this study, we investigated whether CK could improve memory impairment and cognitive dysfunction in diabetic db/db mice. Firstly, we found that CK treatments significantly improved behavioral impairment and cognitive dysfunction based on Morris water maze, Y-maze, and fear conditioning tests. Besides, CK decreased the fasting glucose level, increased lipid metabolism, and ameliorated glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and dyslipidemia in diabetic db/db mice. In addition, CK treatments alleviated oxidative stress and inhibited the inflammatory response in hippocampal tissue. Further investigations showed that CK treatments inhibited the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway, as evidenced by the declined expression of TXNIP, NLRP3 inflammasomes, ASC, cleaved caspase-1, and mature IL-1ß in hippocampal tissues. Moreover, CK treatments alleviated ER stress via down-regulating the level of BiP, CHOP, p-PERK, p-IRE1α and ATF6 in the hippocampus of db/db mice. These results suggest that CK improves memory and cognitive dysfunction, possibly by ameliorating glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, and dyslipidemia, suppressing oxidative stress and inflammatory response and modulating the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway and ER stress.

15.
Cancer Med ; 9(13): 4656-4666, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396284

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Combined with systemic therapy, the surgical intervention for breast cancer liver metastases (BCLM) is increasingly accepted but lacks convincing evidence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the disease control efficacy of hepatic surgery in isolated BCLM patients. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2017, metastatic breast cancer patients with isolated liver metastasis and regular follow-up were identified. Cohort design was conducted to compare the progression-free survival (PFS) between the surgical and nonsurgical BCLM patients. Univariate analysis and multivariate Cox regression survival analyses were performed to identify significant prognostic factors. RESULT: In all, 148 isolated BCLM patients were enrolled and 95 participants received hepatic surgery for metastatic lesions. With median follow-up of 36.47 months, there was no significant difference between hepatic surgical group and nonsurgical group for PFS (median PFS: 11.17 months vs 10.10 m, P = .092). Based on the multivariate analysis, the disease-free interval (DFI) was an independent prognostic factor for isolated BCLM patients. Among the surgical group, BCLM patients who had ideal response after first salvage systemic treatment experienced the best long-term survival (median PFS: 14.20 months). CONCLUSION: For isolated BCLM patients with ideal response in first-line medical treatment, surgical intervention (hepatectomy, radiofrequency ablation) combining with systemic treatment could bring improved progression-free survival compared to sole systemic treatment, indicating that hepatic surgery may be considered as a therapeutic choice for selected isolated BCLM patients in clinical practice.

16.
IEEE Trans Cybern ; 50(7): 2891-2904, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396126

RESUMO

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) breaking out in late December 2019 is gradually being controlled in China, but it is still spreading rapidly in many other countries and regions worldwide. It is urgent to conduct prediction research on the development and spread of the epidemic. In this article, a hybrid artificial-intelligence (AI) model is proposed for COVID-19 prediction. First, as traditional epidemic models treat all individuals with coronavirus as having the same infection rate, an improved susceptible-infected (ISI) model is proposed to estimate the variety of the infection rates for analyzing the transmission laws and development trend. Second, considering the effects of prevention and control measures and the increase of the public's prevention awareness, the natural language processing (NLP) module and the long short-term memory (LSTM) network are embedded into the ISI model to build the hybrid AI model for COVID-19 prediction. The experimental results on the epidemic data of several typical provinces and cities in China show that individuals with coronavirus have a higher infection rate within the third to eighth days after they were infected, which is more in line with the actual transmission laws of the epidemic. Moreover, compared with the traditional epidemic models, the proposed hybrid AI model can significantly reduce the errors of the prediction results and obtain the mean absolute percentage errors (MAPEs) with 0.52%, 0.38%, 0.05%, and 0.86% for the next six days in Wuhan, Beijing, Shanghai, and countrywide, respectively.

17.
J Immunol Res ; 2020: 1480281, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32411786

RESUMO

Background: In situ vaccination-induced local inflammatory response resulted in the establishment of a pool of tissue-resident memory T (TRM) cells and new vessels after the resolution of inflammation. TRM cells have received increasing attention; however, the role of new vessels in protective response is still unknown. Materials and Methods: We performed the laparotomy to access the stomach and injected alum-based vaccine into the gastric subserous layer (GSL). At 28 days post vaccination, a parabiosis mouse model along with depletion of anti-CD90.2 antibody was employed to explore the function of perivascular lymphocyte clusters in recall responses. The composition of the gastric lymphocyte clusters was analyzed by immunofluorescence staining. Antibody responses were detected using ELISA. Gastric lymphocytes were analyzed using flow cytometry. Results: GSL vaccination induced the formation of new vessels in the inflamed region. These new vessels were different from native vessels in that they were generally accompanied by perivascular lymphocyte clusters that mainly consisted of CD90-expressing cells. Additionally, histological analysis revealed the presence of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in the perivascular lymphocyte clusters. Administration of a dose of an anti-CD90.2 antibody to GSL-vaccinated mice resolved these clusters. The efficacy of protection was compared in the parabiosis mice. Upon challenge, the presence of perivascular lymphocyte clusters was responsible for the fast recall response, as depletion of these clusters by CD90.2 antibody administration resulted in decreased expressions of VCAM-1, Madcam-1, and TNF-α, as well as lower recruitment of proinflammatory immune cells, decreased antibody levels, and poor protection. Conclusions: Our research demonstrates that in situ vaccination-induced regional inflammatory response contributes to optimal recall response not only by establishing a CD4+ TRM pool but also by creating an "expressway," i.e., perivascular lymphocyte cluster.

18.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 35(3): 531-541, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32406650

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Strontium has shown a positive effect on osseointegration in experiments. This study compared surface characterization and osseointegration of a strontium-incorporated implant with four commercial implants with different surface treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A strontium-oxide layer was created by hydrothermal treatment on the surface of the implant (SLA-Sr). Surface characterizations were observed using a scanning electron microscope, three-dimensional (3D) optical microscope, and x-ray energy-dispersive spectrometry. Implants of different surface treatments including resorbable blasting media (RBM), sandblasting with large grit and acid etching (SLA-1, SLA-2), sandblasting and thermal acid etching (STA), and SLA-Sr were implanted into the proximal tibiae and femoral condyles of rabbits. Biologic effects were evaluated by removal torque testing and histomorphometric analysis after 3, 6, and 12 weeks of implantation. RESULTS: Nanostructures were observed on the surface of SLA-Sr and STA. Calcium (Ca) was detected on the surface of RBM. Sr was detected on the surface of SLA-Sr. SLA-1 and STA had greater surface roughness than SLA-2, SLA-Sr, and RBM (P < .05). In vivo, SLA-Sr achieved better removal torque value (RTV) than that of RBM and SLA-2 at 3 weeks (P < .05), as well as increased bone area ratio (BA%) in cortical bone compared with RBM at 3 weeks (P < .05). STA showed higher bone-to-implant contact ratio (BIC%) in cortical bone than RBM at 3 and 6 weeks (P < .05). Compared with RBM, SLA-1 had better RTV at 6 weeks and higher BIC% in cortical bone at 12 weeks (P < .05). CONCLUSION: In vivo, compared with SLA-2 and RBM, the implant with the strontium-oxide layer displayed slight advantages in new bone formation and osseointegration in the early healing stage. In the later osseointegration stage, the results of SLA-Sr were comparable with other implants.

19.
BMC Med Genet ; 21(1): 117, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32471379

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda (SEDT) is a rare X-linked recessive inherited osteochondrodysplasia caused by mutations in the TRAPPC2 gene. It is clinically characterized by disproportionate short stature and early onset of degenerative osteoarthritis. Clinical diagnosis can be challenging due to the late-onset of the disease and lack of systemic metabolic abnomalites. Genetic diagnosis is critical in both early diagnosis and management of the disease. Here we reported a five-generation Chinese SEDT family and described the novel molecular findings. METHODS: Detailed family history and clinical data were collected. Genomic DNA was extracted from venous blood samples of family members. The exons of genes known to be associated with skeletal disorders were captured and deep sequenced. Variants were annotated by ANNOVAR and associated with multiple databases. Putative variants were confirmed by Sanger sequencing. The identified variant was classified according to the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) criteria. RESULTS: The proband was a 27-year-old Chinese male who presented with short-trunk short stature and joint pain. His radiographs showed platyspondyly with posterior humping, narrow hip-joint surfaces, and pelvic osteosclerosis. A pedigree analysis of 5 generations with 6 affected males revealed an X-linked recessive mode of inheritance. Affected males were diagnosed as SEDT according to the clinical and radiological features. Next-generation sequencing identified a novel variant of c.216_217del in the exon 4 of TRAPPC2 gene in the proband and other affected males. This variant resulted in the shift of reading frame and early termination of protein translation (p.S73Gfs*15). The mother and maternal female relatives of the proband were heterozygous carriers of the same variant, while no variations were detected in this gene of his father and other unaffected males. Based on the ACMG criteria, the novel c.216_217del variant of the TRAPPC2 gene was the pathogenic variant of this SEDT family. CONCLUSION: In this study we identified the novel pathogenic variant of of c.216_217del in the gene of TRAPPC2 in this five-generation Chinese SEDT family. Our findings expand the clinical and molecular spectrum of SEDT and helps the genetic diagnosis of SEDT patients.

20.
J Med Virol ; 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32462695

RESUMO

The emergence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2; previously provisionally named 2019 novel coronavirus or 2019-nCoV) disease (COVID-19) in China at the end of 2019 has caused a global pandemic and remains as a major public health issue This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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