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1.
Front Cell Neurosci ; 16: 910670, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35693883

RESUMO

The high incidence of treatment-resistant pain calls for the urgent preclinical translation of new analgesics. Understanding the behavioral readout of pain in animals is crucial for efficacy evaluation when developing novel analgesics. Mas-related G protein-coupled receptor D-positive (Mrgprd+) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 1-positive (TRPV1+) sensory neurons are two major non-overlapping subpopulations of C-fiber nociceptors. Their activation has been reported to provoke diverse nocifensive behaviors. However, what kind of behavior reliably represents subjectively conscious pain perception needs to be revisited. Here, we generated transgenic mice in which Mrgprd+ or TRPV1+ sensory neurons specifically express channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2). Under physiological conditions, optogenetic activation of hindpaw Mrgprd+ afferents evoked reflexive behaviors (lifting, etc.), but failed to produce aversion. In contrast, TRPV1+ afferents activation evoked marked reflexive behaviors and affective responses (licking, etc.), as well as robust aversion. Under neuropathic pain conditions induced by spared nerve injury (SNI), affective behaviors and avoidance can be elicited by Mrgprd+ afferents excitation. Mechanistically, spinal cord-lateral parabrachial nucleus (lPBN) projecting neurons in superficial layers (lamina I-II o ) were activated by TRPV1+ nociceptors in naïve conditions or by Mrgprd+ nociceptors after SNI, whereas only deep spinal cord neurons were activated by Mrgprd+ nociceptors in naïve conditions. Moreover, the excitatory inputs from Mrgprd+ afferents to neurons within inner lamina II (II i ) are partially gated under normal conditions. Altogether, we conclude that optogenetic activation of the adult Mrgprd+ nociceptors drives non-pain-like reflexive behaviors via the deep spinal cord pathway under physiological conditions and drives pain-like affective behaviors via superficial spinal cord pathway under pathological conditions. The distinct spinal pathway transmitting different forms of nocifensive behaviors provides different therapeutic targets. Moreover, this study appeals to the rational evaluation of preclinical analgesic efficacy by using comprehensive and suitable behavioral assays, as well as by assessing neural activity in the two distinct pathways.

2.
Future Oncol ; 18(21): 2683-2694, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35699041

RESUMO

Background & aims: Finding a way to comprehensively integrate the presence and grade of clinically significant portal hypertension, amount of preserved liver function and extent of hepatectomy into the guidelines for choosing appropriate candidates to hepatectomy remained challenging. This study sheds light on these issues to facilitate precise surgical decisions for clinicians. Methods: Independent risk factors associated with grade B/C post-hepatectomy liver failure were identified by stochastic forest algorithm and logistic regression in hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Results: The artificial neural network model was generated by integrating preoperative pre-ALB, prothrombin time, total bilirubin, AST, indocyanine green retention rate at 15 min, standard future liver remnant volume and clinically significant portal hypertension grade. In addition, stratification of patients into three risk groups emphasized significant distinctions in the risk of grade B/C post-hepatectomy liver failure. Conclusion: The authors' artificial neural network model could provide a reasonable therapeutic option for clinicians to select optimal candidates with clinically significant portal hypertension for hepatectomy and supplement the hepatocellular carcinoma surgical treatment algorithm.


Hepatectomy involves removing the tumor from the liver and is considered the most effective treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Clinically significant portal hypertension is characterized by the presence of gastric and/or esophageal varices and a platelet count <100 × 109/l with the presence of splenomegaly, which would aggravate the risk of post-hepatectomy liver failure, and is therefore regarded as a contraindication to hepatectomy. Over the past few decades, with improvement in surgical techniques and perioperative care, the morbidity of postoperative complications and mortality have decreased greatly. Current HCC guidelines recommend the expansion of hepatectomy to HCC patients with clinically significant portal hypertension. However, determining how to select optimal candidates for hepatectomy remains challenging. The authors' artificial neural network is a mathematical tool developed by simulating the properties of neurons with large-scale information distribution and parallel structure. Here the authors retrospectively enrolled 871 hepatitis B virus-related HCC patients and developed an artificial neural network model to predict the risk of post-hepatectomy liver failure, which could provide a reasonable therapeutic option and facilitate precise surgical decisions for clinicians.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hipertensão Portal , Falência Hepática , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Hipertensão Portal/complicações , Hipertensão Portal/cirurgia , Falência Hepática/complicações , Falência Hepática/cirurgia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Redes Neurais de Computação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
Oral Oncol ; 132: 105980, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35749804

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the differences in quality of life (QOL) outcomes between the conventional obturator prostheses (COP) and the pedicled submental artery island flap (SAIF) in the reconstruction of Brown IIb maxillary defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The QOL of 116 eligible patients who had a lapse ≥ 12 months after the cancer-related maxilla ablation was evaluated by the University of Washington quality of life scale (UW-QOL), Performance Status Scale for Head and Neck (PSS-HN), and Obturator Functioning Scale (OFS). RESULTS: Patients in the SAIF group reported statistically and clinically significant higher overall QOL scores but lower chewing scores in the UW-QOL scale when compared with those in the COP group (P < 0.05). Clinically significantly higher scores were also observed in the recreation and anxiety domains in the UW-QOL scale for the SAIF group, but there was no statistical significances. The COP group reported more complaints about the nasal leakage when swallowing and the shape of the upper lip, and had a stronger willingness to avoid family or social events in the OFS (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: For patients with Brown IIb defects, SAIF reconstruction can achieve reduced nasal leakage when swallowing, improved upper-lip contour, increased social activity, and superior overall QOL than COP. The inferior chewing function in the SAIF group indicated the need for dental rehabilitation with a conventional denture or osseointegrated implants.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Humanos , Maxila/cirurgia , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Obturadores Palatinos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos/cirurgia
4.
Hepatol Int ; 16(4): 892-905, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35704267

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the long-term oncological outcomes of Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stages 0-A hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients associated with or without microvascular invasion (MVI) treated with laparoscopic versus laparotomic liver resection. METHODS: Clinicopathological data of HCC patients with BCLC stages 0-A from four medical centers were retrospectively reviewed. The survival outcomes of patients who underwent laparoscopic hepatectomy were compared with those who underwent laparotomic hepatectomy. Subgroup analyses in terms of MVI were further performed to explore the effect of surgical approaches on the long-term survival outcomes. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was used to match patients between the laparoscopic and laparotomic resection groups in a 1:1 ratio. RESULTS: 495 HCC patients at BCLC stages 0-A were enrolled, including 243 in the laparoscopic resection group and 252 in the laparotomic resection group. Laparoscopic resection group had a shorter operation time, less blood loss, a lower frequency of blood transfusion and postoperative complication rates. The laparoscopic resection group had a significantly better overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) than the laparotomic resection group before and after PSM. Subgroup analysis demonstrated that OS and RFS of patients without MVI were remarkably better in the laparoscopic resection group compared with the laparotomic resection group. However, no significant differences in OS and RFS between the two groups were found in patients with MVI after PSM. CONCLUSIONS: Pure laparoscopic hepatectomy for patients with BCLC stages 0-A HCC can be performed safely with favorable perioperative and long-term oncological outcomes at high-volume liver cancer centers, regardless of the presence of MVI.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Light Sci Appl ; 11(1): 129, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525862

RESUMO

Terahertz (THz) near-field microscopy retains the advantages of THz radiation and realizes sub-wavelength imaging, which enables applications in fundamental research and industrial fields. In most THz near-field microscopies, the sample surface must be approached by a THz detector or source, which restricts the sample choice. Here, a technique was developed based on an air-plasma dynamic aperture, where two mutually perpendicular air-plasmas overlapped to form a cross-filament above a sample surface that modulated an incident THz beam. THz imaging with quasi sub-wavelength resolution (approximately λ/2, where λ is the wavelength of the THz beam) was thus observed without approaching the sample with any devices. Damage to the sample by the air-plasmas was avoided. Near-field imaging of four different materials was achieved, including metallic, semiconductor, plastic, and greasy samples. The resolution characteristics of the near-field system were investigated with experiment and theory. The advantages of the technique are expected to accelerate the advancement of THz microscopy.

6.
Regen Ther ; 20: 41-50, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35402663

RESUMO

Introduction: The functional roles and mechanism of the XIST in osteoarthritis and the chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs were clarified. Methods: The expression levels of XIST, TAF15, FUT1 and YY1 were detected through quantitative RT-PCR. The protein expression of Sox9, ACAN, COL2A1 and FUT1 were detected by western blot and immunohistochemistry. The damage of cartilage tissue was detected by HE staining, and Safranin O-fast green. Alcian-Blue and Alizarin red S staining were performed to evaluate BMSCs chondrogenic differentiation. The relationship between XIST and TAF15, XIST and TAF15 were analyzed by RNA immunoprecipitation assay. Luciferase reporter assays and chromatin immunoprecipitation were performed to detect the interaction relationship between XIST and YY1. In addition, osteoarthritis mice were built to assess the function of XIST in vivo. Results: The levels of XIST, TAF15 and FUT1 were upregulated in cartilage tissues from osteoarthritis patient. The level of XIST was decreased in BMSCs during chondrogenic differentiation. XIST overexpression inhibited the chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Moreover, silencing of FUT1 reversed the effects of XIST overexpression on BMSCs chondrogenic differentiation. Mechanistically, in BMSCs, YY1 induced the expression of XIST in BMSCs, and XIST regulated FUT1 mRNA stability through targeting TAF15. Furthermore, silencing of XIST alleviated the symptoms of cartilage injury in OA mice. Conclusion: Taken together, these results suggested that YY1 induced XIST was closely related to the chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs and the progression of osteoarthritis by TAF15/FUT1 axis, and may be a new OA therapeutic target.

7.
J Thorac Dis ; 14(2): 464-473, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35280486

RESUMO

Background: Using the non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) approach for small pulmonary nodules (SPNs) can accelerate patients' postoperative recovery. However, locating the SPNs intraoperatively by palpation can be difficult for thoracic surgeons. The advantages of using different preoperative positioning materials are different, especially for pulmonary-nodule-location-needle (P-N-L-N) and the microcoil. This retrospective study analyzed the advantages of two preoperative positioning techniques for VATS under non-intubation anesthesia. Methods: The data were collected for a total of 150 patients with pulmonary nodules who underwent non-intubated VATS at the First People's Hospital of Yunnan Province from January 2018 to January 2021. The patients were divided into a preoperative positioning group (including a P-N-L-N group and microcoil group) and an unlocalized group. These included patients were all compliant with surgical guidelines and were suitable for preoperative localization. Their intraoperative and postoperative indicators were compared, and among these indicators, the operative time, number of postoperative drainage days, postoperative total drainage volume, postoperative discharge time was efficacy group and the intraoperative blood loss was safety group. Results: Preoperative localization helped surgeons to explore nodules faster intraoperatively and remove SPNs precisely under non-intubated VATS. But the advantages of using different preoperative positioning materials are different. Positioning with either microcoil or P-N-L-N resulted in less operation time (P-N-L-N group: 94.90±28.42 min, microcoil group: 112.80±28.6 min, P<0.05), less intraoperative blood loss (P-N-L-N group: 35.80±21.17 mL, microcoil group: 75.00±65.22 mL, P<0.001) and less postoperative thoracic drainage volume (P-N-L-N group: 64.90±181.96 mL, microcoil group: 648.52±708.81 mL, P<0.001). However, the postoperative discharge time (P-N-L-N group: 5.02±1.35 days, microcoil group: 5.40±2.79 days, P=0.38) and postoperative drainage time(P-N-L-N group: 2.58±1.70 days, microcoil group: 3.18±2.49 days, P=0.16) was not statistically significant. Positioning with P-N-L-N seemed to have a better auxiliary effect for non-intubated VATS, suggesting its use can assist surgeons to determine the location of the lesion more accuracy intraoperatively. There was no significant difference in the pathological results among the groups. Conclusions: Localization of SPNs is beneficial in non-intubated VATS, and the use of P-N-L-N was more effective than the microcoil in reducing operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative total drainage volume, and postoperative discharge time.

9.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(6): 8458-8463, 2022 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35129947

RESUMO

Inkless and erasable printing as a new technology has received intense attention in reducing paper waste and environmental hazards caused by the use of large amounts of ink. However, achieving high-resolution printing by inkless and erasable printing for practical applications remains a huge challenge. Herein, a new metal-organic framework (MOF) has been synthesized, which exhibits a reversible photochromic behavior. None of the unpaired electrons of metal ions and a unique three-dimensional network hinder electron transfer between the ligands and metal nodes, as well as between the ligands themselves, which are conducive to prolonging the photo-generated color lifetime and suitable for inkless and erasable printing. By virtue of the proper photo-generated color lifetime, strong contrast color before and after light irradiation, and reversible color transformation, a high-resolution printing content for inkless and erasable printing can be achieved by light irradiation. Notably, the paper coated with this MOF can be used for printing not only simple patterns such as pictures but also even texts for practical applications, surpassing other photochromic MOF materials for inkless and erasable printing, and almost comparable to ink and laser printing in terms of practicality and resolution. In addition, the MOF-coated paper can be reused for multiple cycles without significant deterioration.

10.
Insects ; 13(1)2022 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35055940

RESUMO

The red-necked longicorn beetle, Aromia bungii (Faldermann) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), is a major destructive, wood-boring pest, which is widespread throughout the world. The sex pheromone of A. bungii was reported earlier; however, the chemosensory mechanism of the beetle remains almost unknown. In this study, 45 AbunORs, 6 AbunGRs and 2 AbunIRs were identified among 42,197 unigenes derived from the antennal transcriptome bioinformatic analysis of A. bungii adults. The sequence of putative Orco (AbunOR25) found in this study is highly conserved with the known Orcos from other Coleoptera species, and these Orco genes might be potentially used as target genes for the future development of novel and effective control strategies. Tissue expression analysis showed that 29 AbunOR genes were highly expressed in antennae, especially in the antennae of females, which was consistent with the idea that females might express more pheromone receptors for sensing pheromones, especially the sex pheromones produced by males. AbunOR5, 29, 31 and 37 were clustered with the pheromone receptors of the cerambycid Megacyllene caryae, suggesting that they might be putative pheromone receptors of A. bungii. All six AbunGRs were highly expressed in the mouthparts, indicating that these GRs may be involved in the taste perception process. Both AbunIRs were shown to be female-mouthparts-biased, suggesting that they might also be related to the tasting processes. Our study provides some basic information towards a deeper understanding of the chemosensing mechanism of A. bungii at a molecular level.

11.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 561, 2022 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35091578

RESUMO

Plants use nitrate and ammonium as major nitrogen (N) sources, each affecting root development through different mechanisms. However, the exact signaling pathways involved in root development are poorly understood. Here, we show that, in Arabidopsis thaliana, either disruption of the cell wall-localized ferroxidase LPR2 or a decrease in iron supplementation efficiently alleviates the growth inhibition of primary roots in response to NH4+ as the N source. Further study revealed that, compared with nitrate, ammonium led to excess iron accumulation in the apoplast of phloem in an LPR2-dependent manner. Such an aberrant iron accumulation subsequently causes massive callose deposition in the phloem from a resulting burst of reactive oxygen species, which impairs the function of the phloem. Therefore, ammonium attenuates primary root development by insufficiently allocating sucrose to the growth zone. Our results link phloem iron to root morphology in response to environmental cues.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Ferro/metabolismo , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Floema/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Parede Celular/genética , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Ceruloplasmina/genética , Ceruloplasmina/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Glucanos/metabolismo , Mutação , Nitratos/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/genética , Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Plântula/genética , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plântula/metabolismo
12.
Cell Cycle ; 21(1): 33-48, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34974808

RESUMO

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease of extremely high incidence in the elderly. Therefore, anti-aging may be an important prerequisite for treating OA. The senescence of chondrocytes and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is one of the important factors that causes OA. Here, the effect of uridine (which is a functional food derived from plants or animals) on senescence of chondrocytes and MSCs was evaluated in in vivo and in vitro experiments. For this, we established the senescence model of chondrocyte and MSCs in vitro, and established the OA model in vivo, and a series of experiments (such as CLSM, ELISA, Western blot, etc.) were conducted to evaluate the effect of uridine on chondrocyte and MSCs senescence. The results showed that uridine could alleviate chondrocyte and MSCs senescence in vitro by evaluating a series of aging markers. Furthermore, uridine could also relieve OA in vivo. In summary, in the present work, we found that uridine can alleviate chondrocyte and MSCs senescence in in vitro and in vivo experiments. Uridine has shown great potential in the treatment of OA in vivo, suggesting that uridine could be used to treat and prevent OA induced by aging, and has potential clinical applications in future.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteoartrite , Envelhecimento , Animais , Senescência Celular , Condrócitos , Osteoartrite/terapia , Uridina/farmacologia
13.
ACS Omega ; 6(50): 35093-35103, 2021 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34963990

RESUMO

A new class of aza-crown ether-derived chiral BINOL catalysts were designed, synthesized, and applied in the asymmetric Michael addition of alkenylboronic acids to α,ß-unsaturated ketones. It was found that introducing aza-crown ethers to the BINOL catalyst could achieve apparently higher enantioselectivity than a similar BINOL catalyst without aza-crown ethers did, although the host-guest complexation of alkali ions by the aza-crown ethers could not further improve the catalysis effectiveness. Under mediation of the aza-crown ether-derived chiral BINOL and in the presence of a magnesium salt, an array of chiral γ,δ-unsaturated ketones were furnished in good enantioselectivities (81-95% ees).

14.
Opt Express ; 29(21): 33926-33936, 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34809193

RESUMO

The measurement accuracy of a Brillouin optical time domain analysis (BOTDA) fiber sensor is determined by the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the received sensing signal. Here, a new hybrid aperiodic coding method is proposed to improve the SNR. In the proposed method, two pre-discovered short seed aperiodic codes (SA-codes) are used to construct a new hybrid aperiodic code (HA-code) in a nested way. The HA-code inherits the good denoising capabilities of the two SA-codes and features a high coding gain. In the proof-of-concept experiment, a SNR improvement up to 8 dB is obtained, which improves the measurement certainty to 1.67 MHz over a 117.46 km sensing range under a spatial resolution of 2.6 m.

15.
Opt Express ; 29(16): 25868-25875, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34614906

RESUMO

Radio-over-fiber (RoF) transmission is a quite reliable technology to support the current and future demands of rapidly progressing broadband wireless network with large capacity and high spectral efficiency. In this paper, we report and demonstrate a digital RoF transmission system using two-dimensional discrete cosine transform with vector quantization (2D-DCT-VQ). By employing the 2D-DCT-VQ technique, the spectral efficiency can be greatly improved, while the system performance is comparable to the traditional approach without compression. The proposed method is experimentally demonstrated in a 20-km 5-Gbaud/λ four-level pulse modulation intensity-modulation/direct-detection optical link. In the orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing -modulated downlink illustrated experimentally, the transmission rate rises by 69.49% on account of the compressed samples by using the proposed method.

16.
Front Oncol ; 11: 680303, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34513671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this study, we designed a new (Su'S) target area delineation to protect the normal liver during liver regeneration and prospectively evaluate liver regeneration after radiotherapy, as well as to explore the clinical factors of liver regeneration and established a model and nomogram. METHODS: Thirty patients treated with preoperative downstaging radiotherapy were prospectively included in the training cohort, and 21 patients treated with postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy were included in the validation cohort. The cut-off points of each optimal predictor were obtained using receiver-operating characteristic analysis. A model and nomogram for liver regeneration after radiotherapy were developed and validated. RESULTS: After radiotherapy, 12 (40%) and 13 (61.9%) patients in the training and validation cohorts experienced liver regeneration, respectively. The risk stratification model based on the cutoffs of standard residual liver volume spared from at least 20 Gy (SVs20 = 303.4 mL/m2) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT=43 u/L) was able to effectively discriminate the probability of liver regeneration. The model and nomogram of liver regeneration based on SVs20 and ALT showed good prediction performance (AUC=0.759) in the training cohort and performed well (AUC=0.808) in the validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: SVs20 and ALT were optimal predictors of liver regeneration. This model may be beneficial to the constraints of the normal liver outside the radiotherapy-targeted areas.

17.
Plant Cell ; 33(12): 3658-3674, 2021 12 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34524462

RESUMO

Protons (H+) in acidic soils arrest plant growth. However, the mechanisms by which plants optimize their biological processes to diminish the unfavorable effects of H+ stress remain largely unclear. Here, we showed that in the roots of Arabidopsis thaliana, the C2H2-type transcription factor STOP1 in the nucleus was enriched by low pH in a nitrate-independent manner, with the spatial expression pattern of NITRATE TRANSPORTER 1.1 (NRT1.1) established by low pH required the action of STOP1. Additionally, the nrt1.1 and stop1 mutants, as well as the nrt1.1 stop1 double mutant, had a similar hypersensitive phenotype to low pH, indicating that STOP1 and NRT1.1 function in the same pathway for H+ tolerance. Molecular assays revealed that STOP1 directly bound to the promoter of NRT1.1 to activate its transcription in response to low pH, thus upregulating its nitrate uptake. This action improved the nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) of plants and created a favorable rhizospheric pH for root growth by enhancing H+ depletion in the rhizosphere. Consequently, the constitutive expression of NRT1.1 in stop1 mutants abolished the hypersensitive phenotype to low pH. These results demonstrate that STOP1-NRT1.1 is a key module for plants to optimize NUE and ensure better plant growth in acidic media.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte de Ânions/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Nitratos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Rizosfera , Solo/química , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Proteínas de Transporte de Ânions/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Transporte Biológico , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
18.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 12(8)2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34442522

RESUMO

The thermal management of microelectronics is important because overheating can lead to various reliability issues. The most common thermal solution used in microelectronics is forced convection, which is usually initiated and sustained by an airflow generator, such as rotary fans. However, traditional rotary fans might not be appropriate for microelectronics due to the space limit. The form factor of an ionic wind pump can be small and, thus, could play a role in the thermal management of microelectronics. This paper presents how the performance of a needle-ring ionic wind pump responds to inlet blockage in different electrical driving modes (direct current), including the flow rate, the corona power, and the energy efficiency. The results show that the performance of small needle-ring ionic wind pumps is sensitive to neither the inlet blockage nor the electrical driving mode, making needle-ring ionic wind pumps a viable option for microelectronics. On the other hand, it is preferable to drive needle-ring ionic wind pumps by a constant current if consistent performance is desired.

19.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(4): 815-820, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mild encephalopathy with reversible splenial lesion (MERS) is associated with a variety of infections and anti-epileptic drug withdrawal. Here we report the clinical characteristics of H1N1 influenza A-associated MERS based on our experience of four pediatric cases. METHODS: A detailed retrospective analysis of four patients with H1N1 influenza A-associated MERS was performed at Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center. RESULTS: All patients exhibited mild influenza-like illness and seizures. Three patients presented with a new-onset seizure with fever after 5 years of age. 75% patients had altered mental status. For all four patients, influenza A (H1N1) viral RNA was detected in throat swab specimens at least twice. Brain magnetic resonance images revealed similar ovoid lesions in the corpus callosum, mainly in the splenium and for one patient in the splenium and genu of the corpus callosum. Only one patient had an abnormal electroencephalogram tracing. Cells and protein in the cerebrospinal fluid were normal in all patients. All patients received oseltamivir and one patient received intravenous immunoglobulin. As a result, all patients fully recovered after 2 months and showed no neurologic sequelae at discharge. CONCLUSION: This case series provides insight towards clinical features of H1N1 influenza A-associated MERS.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/diagnóstico , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Corpo Caloso/diagnóstico por imagem , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/patogenicidade , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Encefalopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Encefalopatias/fisiopatologia , Encefalopatias/virologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Corpo Caloso/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Influenza Humana/complicações , Influenza Humana/diagnóstico , Influenza Humana/fisiopatologia , Influenza Humana/virologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino
20.
Sci Total Environ ; 798: 149285, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340090

RESUMO

Identifying the genes that affect cadmium (Cd) accumulation in plants is a prerequisite for minimizing dietary Cd uptake from contaminated edible parts of plants by genetic engineering. This study showed that Cd stress inhibited the expression of FERONIA (FER) gene in the roots of wild-type Arabidopsis. Knockout of FER in fer-4 mutants downregulated the Cd-induced expression of several genes related to iron (Fe) uptake, including IRT1, bHLH38, NRAMP1, NRAMP3, FRO2 andFIT. In addition, the Cd concentration in fer-4 mutant roots reduced to approximately half of that in the wild-type seedlings. As a result, the Cd tolerance of fer-4 was higher. Furthermore, increased Fe supplementation had little effect on the Cd tolerance of fer-4 mutants, but clearly improved the Cd tolerance of wild-type seedlings, showing that the alleviation of Cd toxicity by Fe depends on the action of FER. Taken together, the findings demonstrate that the knockout of FER might provide a strategy to reduce Cd contamination and improve the Cd tolerance in plants by regulating the pathways related to Fe uptake.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis , Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Cádmio/toxicidade , Ferro , Raízes de Plantas
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