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1.
FASEB J ; 35(9): e21667, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405442

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are central regulators of the inflammatory response and play an important role in inflammatory diseases. PINT has been reported to be involved in embryonic development and tumorigenesis. However, the potential functions of PINT in the innate immune system are largely unknown. Here, we revealed the transcriptional regulation of inflammatory genes by PINT, whose expression is primarily dependent on the NF-κB signaling pathway in human and mouse macrophage and intestinal epithelial cell lines. Functionally, PINT selectively regulates the expression of TNF-α in basal and LPS-stimulated cells. Mechanistically, PINT acts as a modular scaffold of p65 and EZH2 to coordinate their localization and specify their binding to the target genes. Further, a high expression level of PINT was detected in intestinal mucosal tissues from patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). Together, these findings demonstrate that PINT acts as an activator of inflammatory responses, highlighting the importance of this lncRNA as a potential therapeutic target in infectious diseases and inflammatory diseases.


Assuntos
Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Colite Ulcerativa/genética , Colite Ulcerativa/patologia , Citocinas/genética , Humanos , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/genética , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais/patologia , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Ligação Proteica , Transcrição Genética/genética
2.
Comput Struct Biotechnol J ; 18: 2373-2380, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32994895

RESUMO

The zebrafish (Danio rerio) has emerged as a popular model organism in developmental biology and pharmacogenetics due to its attribute of pathway conservation. Coupled with the availability of robust genetic and transgenic tools, transparent embryos and rapid larval development, studies of zebrafish allow detailed cellular analysis of many dynamic processes. In recent decades, the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the process of gonad development have been the subject of intense research using zebrafish models. In this mini-review, we give a brief overview of these studies, and highlight the essential genes involved in sex determination and gonad development in zebrafish.

3.
Front Immunol ; 11: 1418, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32774335

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs are essential regulators of the inflammatory response, especially for transcriptional regulation of inflammatory genes. It has been reported that the expression of transmembrane channel-like 3 (TMC3)-AS1 is increased following lipopolysaccharide stimulation. However, the potential function of TMC3-AS1 in immunity is largely unknown. Herein, we report a specific role for TMC3-AS1 in the regulation of inflammatory gene expression. TMC3-AS1 negatively regulates the expression of interleukin 10 (IL-10) in macrophage and intestinal epithelial cell lines. Mechanistically, TMC3-AS1 may interact with p65 in the nucleus, preventing p65 from binding to the κB consensus site within IL-10 promoter. These findings suggest that TMC3-AS1 may function as an important regulator in the innate immune response.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Interleucina-10/biossíntese , Mucosa Intestinal/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/imunologia , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/imunologia , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Canais Iônicos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Camundongos
4.
Environ Res ; 180: 108897, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733727

RESUMO

This research project was designed to study the residues of OCPs (organochlorine pesticides) in the sediments of the Meijiang River Basin. Samples from the Meijiang River Basin were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry after being pretreated by Soxhlet extraction, and their compositions, distributions and sources were evaluated. The current study presents the distribution of OCPs in the soils and sediments of the Meijiang River Basin. The results demonstrate that OCPs contamination is an important environmental concern due to the excessive use of these compounds in the agricultural and industrial sectors. The ratios of α-HCH/γ-HCH, (DDE + DDD)/∑DDTs, p,p-DDT/o,p-DDT, and DDD/DDE were used as indices for identifying the possible pollution sources and assessing the decomposition of the parent compounds and the recent γ-HCH and DDT inputs. At the XY (Xiyang) and DSGYY (Dongshenggongyeyan) sites, the pollutants had industrial origins. At other sites (QTH (Qutianhu), LXC (Longxichun), ZJC (Zhenjiaochun), HKC (Hekouchun), GS (Guangshan) and RGQ (Raogongqiao)), the pollution was caused by dissolved organic matter. The SHB site was polluted by transportation and upstream pollutants. At the SXC (Shixichun), YZX (Youzhihe), DSH (Dongshihe) and ZGG (Zhegupai) sites, the metabolite was p,p'-DDD and was produced in an environment with anaerobic conditions. At the FJC (Fujiangkou), QTH (Qiutianhu), GS (Guangshang) and MX (Meixi) sites, the metabolite was DDE and was produced under aerobic conditions. In view of the health risks, the risk quotients for these contaminants were evaluated, and all risk quotients were less than 1 under the best-case scenario. This result suggests that the investigated pollutants may pose little hazard to the local ecosystem. The sediments containing toxic pesticides had a less than 55% ecological risk, indicating that the ecological risk of HCHs in the soils from the Meijiang River Basin is low.


Assuntos
Hidrocarbonetos Clorados , Praguicidas , Poluentes Químicos da Água , China , Ecossistema , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Rios , Solo , Triazinas/química , Água
5.
J Immunol ; 203(6): 1548-1559, 2019 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383742

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs are important regulators of gene expression in innate immune responses. Antisense IL-7 (IL-7-AS) is a newly discovered long noncoding RNA in human and mouse that has been reported to regulate the expression of IL-6. However, the potential function of IL-7-AS in innate immune system is not fully understood. In this study, we found that the expression of IL-7-AS is primarily dependent on the NF-κB and MAPK signaling pathways in macrophages and intestinal epithelial cells. Functionally, IL-7-AS promotes the expression of several inflammatory genes, including CCL2, CCL5, CCL7, and IL-6, in cells in response to LPS. Specifically, IL-7-AS physically interacts with p300 to regulate histone acetylation levels around the promoter regions of these gene loci. Moreover, IL-7-AS and p300 complex modulate the assembly of SWI/SNF complex to the promoters. IL-7-AS regulates chemotaxis activity of monocytes to intestine epithelial cells with involvement of CCL2. Therefore, our data indicate a new promoting role for NF-κB/MAPK-responsive IL-7-AS in the transcriptional regulation of inflammatory genes in the innate immune system although modulation of histone acetylation around the promoters of related genes.


Assuntos
Montagem e Desmontagem da Cromatina/genética , Histonas/genética , Inflamação/genética , Interleucina-7/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transcrição Genética/genética , Acetilação , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Células RAW 264.7 , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Células U937
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 35(2): 228-231, 2018 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29652998

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of quantitative fluorescence PCR(QF-PCR) for the detection of fetal chromosomal aneuploidies and its values for prenatal diagnosis. METHODS: QF-PCR and chromosomal karyotyping were used to analyze 6066 amniotic fluid samples derived from 6034 pregnant women. RESULTS: Both QF-PCR and karyotyping analysis have detected 135 cases of fetal aneuploidies involving chromosomes 21, 18, 13, X, and Y. The QF-PCR assay was also successful in 67 cases for which amniotic fluid culture has failed. Furthermore, it has identified maternal cell contamination in 7 cases. By determining the consistency of short tandem repeat (STR) sites, the QF-PCR assay has identified 22 dizygotic twins among 32 twins with double chorions and double amniotic sacs. In 12 cases, it has signaled numerical chromosomal aberration by critical or partial abnormal values for the fluorescence peak area ratio, which were verified by karyotyping analysis as mosaicisms of chromosome aneuploidies. CONCLUSION: The QF-PCR can provide an useful supplement for chromosomal karyotyping and has an important role in rapid prenatal diagnosis.


Assuntos
Aneuploidia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Fluorescência , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Repetições de Microssatélites , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
7.
J Immunol ; 199(10): 3571-3582, 2017 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28993514

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs, a newly identified class of noncoding RNAs, are important regulators of gene expression in innate immunity. We report in this study that the transcription of FIRRE, a conserved long noncoding RNA between humans and mice, is controlled by NF-κB signaling in macrophages and intestinal epithelial cells. Functionally, FIRRE appears to positively regulate the expression of several inflammatory genes in macrophages or intestinal epithelial cells in response to LPS stimulation via posttranscriptional mechanisms. Specifically, FIRRE physically interacts with heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins U, regulating the stability of mRNAs of selected inflammatory genes through targeting the AU-rich elements of their mRNAs in cells following LPS stimulation. Therefore, our data indicate a new regulatory role for NF-κB-responsive FIRRE in the posttranscriptional regulation of inflammatory genes in the innate immune system.


Assuntos
Sequência Conservada/genética , Inflamação/genética , Mucosa Intestinal/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Elementos de Resposta/genética , Animais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/metabolismo , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Camundongos , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Células U937
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