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1.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(4): e014311, 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33522247

RESUMO

Background Heart pathological hypertrophy has been recognized as a predisposing risk factor for heart failure and arrhythmia. DUSP (dual-specificity phosphatase) 26 is a member of the DUSP family of proteins, which has a significant effect on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, neuroblastoma, glioma, and so on. However, the involvement of DUSP26 in cardiac hypertrophy remains unclear. Methods and Results Our study showed that DUSP26 expression was significantly increased in mouse hearts in response to pressure overload as well as in angiotensin II-treated cardiomyocytes. Cardiac-specific overexpression of DUSP26 mice showed attenuated cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, while deficiency of DUSP26 in mouse hearts resulted in increased cardiac hypertrophy and deteriorated cardiac function. Similar effects were also observed in cellular hypertrophy induced by angiotensin II. Importantly, we showed that DUSP26 bound to transforming growth factor-ß activated kinase 1 and inhibited transforming growth factor-ß activated kinase 1 phosphorylation, which led to suppression of the mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway. In addition, transforming growth factor-ß activated kinase 1-specific inhibitor inhibited cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by angiotensin II and attenuated the exaggerated hypertrophic response in DUSP26 conditional knockout mice. Conclusions Taken together, DUSP26 was induced in cardiac hypertrophy and protected against pressure overload induced cardiac hypertrophy by modulating transforming growth factor-ß activated kinase 1-p38/ c-Jun N-terminal kinase-signaling axis. Therefore, DUSP26 may provide a therapeutic target for treatment of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure.

2.
Med (N Y) ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33521746

RESUMO

Background: To develop a sensitive risk score predicting the risk of mortality in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) using complete blood count (CBC). Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study from a total of 13,138 inpatients with COVID-19 in Hubei, China, and Milan, Italy. Among them, 9,810 patients with ≥2 CBC records from Hubei were assigned to the training cohort. CBC parameters were analyzed as potential predictors for all-cause mortality and were selected by the generalized linear mixed model (GLMM). Findings: Five risk factors were derived to construct a composite score (PAWNN score) using the Cox regression model, including platelet counts, age, white blood cell counts, neutrophil counts, and neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio. The PAWNN score showed good accuracy for predicting mortality in 10-fold cross-validation (AUROCs 0.92-0.93) and subsets with different quartile intervals of follow-up and preexisting diseases. The performance of the score was further validated in 2,949 patients with only 1 CBC record from the Hubei cohort (AUROC 0.97) and 227 patients from the Italian cohort (AUROC 0.80). The latent Markov model (LMM) demonstrated that the PAWNN score has good prediction power for transition probabilities between different latent conditions. Conclusions: The PAWNN score is a simple and accurate risk assessment tool that can predict the mortality for COVID-19 patients during their entire hospitalization. This tool can assist clinicians in prioritizing medical treatment of COVID-19 patients. Funding: This work was supported by National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFF0101504, 2016YFF0101505, 2020YFC2004702, 2020YFC0845500), the Key R&D Program of Guangdong Province (2020B1111330003), and the medical flight plan of Wuhan University (TFJH2018006).

3.
Technol Health Care ; 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33492253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The treatment of adolescent patients with distal femoral cancer has always been a concern. The limb-salvage, regarded as a mainstream treatment, had been developed in recent years, but its application in children still remains challenging. This is because it can lead to potential limb-length discrepancy from the continued normal growth of the contralateral lower body. The extendable prosthesis could solve this problem. The principle is that it can artificially control the length of the prosthesis, making it consistent with the length of the side of the lower limbs. However, this prosthesis has some complications. The extendable prosthesis is classified into invasive and minimally invasive, which extends the prosthesis with each operation. OBJECTIVE: We designed a new non-invasive prosthesis that can be extended in the body. Based on the non-invasive and extendable characteristics, we need to verify the supporting performance of this prosthesis. METHODS: We carried out a mechanical testing method and finite element analysis simulation. CONCLUSION: The support performance and non-invasively extension of this prosthesis were verified.

4.
Gut ; 2021 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33431576

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) pathophysiology remains unclear. This study aims to characterise the molecular basis of HBV-ACLF using transcriptomics. METHODS: Four hundred subjects with HBV-ACLF, acute-on-chronic hepatic dysfunction (ACHD), liver cirrhosis (LC) or chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and normal controls (NC) from a prospective multicentre cohort were studied, and 65 subjects (ACLF, 20; ACHD, 10; LC, 10; CHB, 10; NC, 15) among them underwent mRNA sequencing using peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). RESULTS: The functional synergy analysis focusing on seven bioprocesses related to the PBMC response and the top 500 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) showed that viral processes were associated with all disease stages. Immune dysregulation, as the most prominent change and disorder triggered by HBV exacerbation, drove CHB or LC to ACHD and ACLF. Metabolic disruption was significant in ACHD and severe in ACLF. The analysis of 62 overlapping DEGs further linked the HBV-based immune-metabolism disorder to ACLF progression. The signatures of interferon-related, neutrophil-related and monocyte-related pathways related to the innate immune response were significantly upregulated. Signatures linked to the adaptive immune response were downregulated. Disruptions of lipid and fatty acid metabolism were observed during ACLF development. External validation of four DEGs underlying the aforementioned molecular mechanism in patients and experimental rats confirmed their specificity and potential as biomarkers for HBV-ACLF pathogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights immune-metabolism disorder triggered by HBV exacerbation as a potential mechanism of HBV-ACLF and may indicate a novel diagnostic and treatment target to reduce HBV-ACLF-related mortality.

5.
Med Hypotheses ; 146: 110466, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412502

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the main cause of dementia, and its pathogenesis is still not clear. Peptidyl arginine deiminases 4(PAD4) as one of the important members of PAD family, is the only protein with nuclear transfer function, it can regulate the expression of many proteins through citrullinating histone. PAD4 can also interact with many transcription factors, involved in regulating gene expression. PAD4 expression is closely related to the inflammatory factors secreted, cell autophagy, tumorigenesis and other neurodegenerative diseases. More importantly, PAD4 and its citrullinated protein were found in cortical and hippocampal neurons of AD patients. To study the expression and regulatory pathway of PAD4 in vivo and in vitro experiments on AD may be of helpful to elucidate the pathogenesis of AD. Meanwhile, detection of anti-citrullinated antibody will have potential value as novel biomarkers of AD.

6.
J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) ; 23(2): 345-351, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33481346

RESUMO

The relationship between small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sdLDL-C) and different cardiovascular events has been observed in several large community studies, and the results have been controversial. However, there is currently no cross-sectional or longitudinal follow-up study on sdLDL-C in the Chinese hypertension population. We analyzed the association of plasma sdLDL-C levels with major adverse cardiovascular events in 1325 subjects from a longitudinal follow-up community-based population in Beijing, China. During the follow-up period, a total of 191 subjects had MACEs. Cox regression analysis showed that sdLDL-C is a major risk factor for MACEs independent of sex, age, BMI, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, SBP, DBP, FBG, eGFR in the general community population (1.013 (1.001 -1.025, P < .05)), but the correlation disappeared after adjusting for TC and HDL-C in Model 3. Cox analysis showed that hypertension combined with high level of sdLDL-C was still the risk factor for MACEs ((2.079 (1.039-4.148)). Our findings in the Chinese cohort support that sdLDL-C is a risk factor for major adverse cardiovascular events in hypertension subjects.

7.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(2): 3101-3111, 2021 01 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479186

RESUMO

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a life-threatening cerebrovascular disease, and most of the SAH patients experience sleep deprivation during their hospital stay. It is well-known that sleep deprivation is one of the key components of developing several neurological disorders, but its effect on brain damage after SAH has not been determined. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate the effect of sleep deprivation using an experimental SAH model in rats. Induction of sleep deprivation for 24 h aggravated the SAH-induced brain damage, as evidenced by brain edema, neuronal apoptosis and activation of caspase-3. Sleep deprivation also worsened the neurological impairment and cognitive deficits after SAH. The results of immunostaining and western blot showed that sleep deprivation increased the activation of microglial cells. In addition, sleep deprivation differently regulated the expression of anti-inflammatory and pro-inflammatory cytokines. The results of immunofluorescence staining and western blot showed that sleep deprivation markedly increased the activation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and myeloid differentiation primary response protein 88 (MyD88). Mechanically, treatment with the TLR4 inhibitor TAK-242 or the MyD88 inhibitor ST2825 significantly attenuated the brain damage and neuroinflammation induced by sleep deprivation after SAH. In conclusion, our results indicate that sleep deprivation aggravates brain damage and neurological dysfunction following experimental SAH in rats. These effects were mediated by the activation of the TLR4-MyD88 cascades and regulation of neuroinflammation.

8.
Paediatr Anaesth ; 31(3): 346-351, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Methods to determine the optimal insertion depth of ultrasound-guided supraclavicular approach to the subclavian vein (SCV) catheterization, alternatively used for central venous access, are debatable in children. AIM: We investigated the applicability and reliability of the modified formula for determining the depth of SCV catheterization using an ultrasound-guided supraclavicular approach in children. METHODS: This prospective observational study included 36 children (age <6 years; weight ≥5 kg) scheduled to undergo congenital heart disease surgery. After intubation, ultrasound-guided supraclavicular approach to the SCV catheterization was performed. Actual insertion depth was determined by real-time transesophageal echocardiography. Insertion depth was calculated by subtracting 1 cm from the sum of the distance from the insertion point to the sternal head of the right clavicle and that from the latter point to the midpoint of a perpendicular line drawn from the sternal head of the right clavicle to the line connecting the nipples. RESULTS: Insertion depth calculated with the modified formula and actual insertion depth of the SCV catheter correlated strongly (r = .806, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.658-0.908; p < .001). Bland-Altman analysis showed a mean bias and precision of 0.36 and 0.65 cm, respectively (95% CI: 0.14-0.58, 95% limits of agreement: -0.92, 1.64). All plots were above the -1.0 line, indicating no catheter tip insertion into the right atrium. CONCLUSIONS: Optimal insertion depth for an ultrasound-guided supraclavicular approach to the SCV catheterization can be calculated using modification of a surface landmark formula in children younger than 6 years and weight heavier than 5 kg.

9.
Curr Biol ; 30(23): R1411-R1412, 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33290704

RESUMO

The incorporation of aromatic plants into nests by birds is suspected to constitute an example of preventative medicine use, whereby the phytochemical compounds within plants reduce infestation by parasites and increase offspring condition [1,2]. In China, russet sparrows (Passer cinnamomeus) incorporate wormwood (Artemisia verlotorum) leaves into their nests around the same time that local people hang wormwood from their doors as a traditional custom during the Dragon Boat Festival. The belief that this behaviour confers protection against ill health [3] is supported by the description of anti-parasite compounds in wormwood [4]. It has been suggested that the incorporation of fresh wormwood leaves into nests may serve a similar function for sparrows. Here we show that sparrows choose nest location and resupply established nests with fresh wormwood leaves using olfactory cues, that nests containing wormwood leaves have lower ectoparasite loads, and that nests with more wormwood leaves produce heavier chicks. Our results indicate that sparrows use wormwood as a preventative medicine to control ectoparasites and improve the body mass of their offspring.

10.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33290730

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Describe the care preference changes among nursing home residents receiving proactive Advance Care Planning (ACP) conversations from health care practitioners during the COVID-19 pandemic. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Nursing home residents (n = 963) or their surrogate decision makers had at least 1 ACP conversation with a primary health care practitioner between April 1, 2020, and May 30, 2020, and made decisions of any changes in code status and hospitalization preferences. METHODS: Health care practitioners conducted ACP conversations proactively with residents or their surrogate decision makers at 15 nursing homes in a metropolitan area of the southwestern United States between April 1, 2020, and May 30, 2020. ACP conversations reviewed code status and goals of care including Do Not Hospitalize (DNH) care preference. Resident age, gender, code status, and DNH choice before and after the ACP conversations were documented. Descriptive data analyses identified significant changes in resident care preferences before and after ACP conversations. RESULTS: Before the most recent ACP discussion, 361 residents were full code status and the rest were Out of Hospital Do Not Resuscitate (DNR). Of the individuals with Out of Hospital DNR, 188 residents also chose DNH. After the ACP conversation, 88 residents opted to change from full code status to Out of Hospital DNR, thereby increasing the percentage of residents with Out of Hospital DNR from 63% to 72%. Almost half of the residents decided to keep or change to the DNH care option after the ACP conversation. CONCLUSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Proactive ACP conversations during COVID-19 increased DNH from less than a quarter to almost half among the nursing home residents. Out of Hospital DNR increased by 9%. It is important for all health care practitioners to proactively review ACP with nursing home residents and their surrogate decision makers during a pandemic, thereby ensuring care consistent with personal goals of care and avoiding unnecessary hospitalizations.

11.
J Cell Mol Med ; 2020 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33219747

RESUMO

miRNA-mediated pyroptosis play crucial effects in the development of myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury (MIRI). Piperine (PIP) possesses multiple pharmacological effects especially in I/R condition. This study focuses on whether PIP protects MIRI from pyroptosis via miR-383-dependent pathway. Rat MIRI model was established by 30 minutes of LAD ligation and 4 hours of reperfusion. Myocardial enzymes, histomorphology, structure and function were detected to evaluate MIRI. Recombinant adenoviral vectors for miR-383 overexpression or miR-383 silencing or RP105 knockdown were constructed, respectively. Luciferase reporter analysis was used to confirm RP105 as a target of miR-383. Pyroptosis-related markers were measured by Western blotting assay. The results showed that I/R provoked myocardial injury, as shown by the increases of LDH/CK releases, infarcted areas and apoptosis as well as worsened function and structure. Pyroptosis-related mediators including NLRP3, cleaved caspase-1, cleaved IL-1ß and IL-18 were also reinforced after MIRI. However, PIP treatment greatly ameliorated MIRI in parallel with pyroptotic repression. In mechanistic studies, MIRI-caused elevation of miR-383 and decrease of RP105/PI3K/AKT pathway were reverted by PIP treatment. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed RP105 as a miR-383 target. miR-383 knockdown ameliorated but miR-383 overexpression facilitated pyroptosis and MIRI. Moreover, the anti-pyroptotic effect from miR-383 silencing was verified to be relied on the RP105/PI3K/AKT signalling pathway. Additionally, our present study further indicated the miR-383/RP105/AKT-dependent approach resulting from PIP administration against pyroptosis in MIRI. Therefore, PIP treatment attenuates MIRI and pyroptosis by regulating miR-383/RP105/AKT pathway, and it may provide a therapeutic manner for the treatment of MIRI.

12.
Mol Med Rep ; 22(4): 3103-3110, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945444

RESUMO

Cerebral ischemia results in severe brain damage, and is a leading cause of death and long-term disability. Previous studies have investigated methods to activate astrocytes in order to promote repair in injured brain tissue and inhibit cell death. It has previously been shown that N-myc downstream-regulated gene 2 (NDRG2) was highly expressed in astrocytes and associated with cell activity, but the underlying mechanism is largely unknown. The present study generated NDRG2 conditional knockout (Ndrg2-/-) mice to investigate whether NDRG2 can block ischemia-induced astrocyte necroptosis by suppressing receptor interacting protein kinase 1 (RIPK1) expression. This study investigated astrocyte activity in cerebral ischemia, and identified that ischemic brain injuries could trigger RIP-dependent astrocyte necroptosis. The depletion of NDRG2 was found to accelerate permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion-induced necroptosis in the brain tissue of Ndrg2-/- mice, indicating that NDRG2 may act as a neuroprotector during cerebral ischemic injury. The present study suggested that NDRG2 attenuated astrocytic cell death via the suppression of RIPK1. The pharmacological inhibition of astrocyte necroptosis by necrostatin-1 provided neuroprotection against ischemic brain injuries after NDRG2 knockdown. Therefore, NDRG2 could be considered as a potential target for the treatment of cerebral ischemia.

13.
Stem Cells Int ; 2020: 8860185, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908544

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is a highly deadly disease, which is often diagnosed at a late stage with metastases. However, most ovarian cancers relapse after surgery combined with platinum-based chemotherapy. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are stem-like cells that possess high tumorigenic capability and display higher resistant capability against current therapies. However, our knowledge of ovarian CSCs and their molecular mechanism remains sparse. In the current study, we found that KDM4C, a histone demethylase, was required for ovarian cancer stem cell (CSC) maintenance. Depletion of KDM4C significantly reduced the CSC population and sphere formation in vitro. Moreover, we found that KDM4C can regulate the expression of stem cell factor OCT-4 via binding to its promoter. These data indicate that KDM4C is relevant for ovarian CSC maintenance and underscore its importance as a potential therapeutic target.

14.
Cell Metab ; 32(4): 537-547.e3, 2020 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32861268

RESUMO

The safety and efficacy of anti-diabetic drugs are critical for maximizing the beneficial impacts of well-controlled blood glucose on the prognosis of individuals with COVID-19 and pre-existing type 2 diabetes (T2D). Metformin is the most commonly prescribed first-line medication for T2D, but its impact on the outcomes of individuals with COVID-19 and T2D remains to be clarified. Our current retrospective study in a cohort of 1,213 hospitalized individuals with COVID-19 and pre-existing T2D indicated that metformin use was significantly associated with a higher incidence of acidosis, particularly in cases with severe COVID-19, but not with 28-day COVID-19-related mortality. Furthermore, metformin use was significantly associated with reduced heart failure and inflammation. Our findings provide clinical evidence in support of continuing metformin treatment in individuals with COVID-19 and pre-existing T2D, but acidosis and kidney function should be carefully monitored in individuals with severe COVID-19.


Assuntos
Acidose/induzido quimicamente , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Metformina/efeitos adversos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Acidose Láctica/induzido quimicamente , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Rim/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(19): 11397-11408, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827242

RESUMO

Accumulating evidence suggests that circular RNAs have the abilities to regulate gene expression during the progression of sepsis-associated acute kidney injury. Circular RNA VMA21 (circVMA21), a recent identified circular RNA, could reduce apoptosis to alleviate intervertebral disc degeneration in rats and protect WI-38 cells from lipopolysaccharide-induced injury. However, the role of circVMA21 in sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (sepsis-associated AKI) is unknown. In this study, we first demonstrated that circVMA21 alleviated sepsis-associated AKI by reducing apoptosis and inflammation in rats and HK-2 cells. Additionally, to explore the molecule mechanism underlying the amelioration, after the bioinformatics analysis, we confirmed that miR-9-3p directly bound to circVMA21 by luciferase and RNA immunoprecipitation assay, and the effector protein of miR-9-3p was SMG1. Furthermore, the oxidative stress caused by sepsis-associated AKI was down-regulated by circVMA21. In conclusion, circVMA21 plays an important role in the regulating sepsis-associated AKI via adjusting miR-9-39/SMG1/inflammation axis and oxidative stress.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32793509

RESUMO

The ADAMTS13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin motif repeats 13) is a key factor involved in coagulation process and plays a vital role in the progression and prognosis of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with antiviral treatment. However, there are few reports about the profile of plasma ADAMTS13 in CHB patients during entecavir maleate (m-ETV) treatment. One hundred two HBV e antigen (HBeAg)-positive CHB patients on continuous m-ETV naive for at least 96 weeks were recruited. Patients with liver cirrhosis were excluded using liver biopsies and real-time elastography. Plasma ADAMTS13 and interleukin 12 (IL-12) levels were evaluated at baseline and12, 24, 48, 72, and 96 weeks, respectively. The change of ADAMTS13 (ΔADAMTS13) and IL-12 (ΔIL-12) possesses a significant relationship in CHB patients with HBeAg seroconversion (SC) at 48-week m-ETV treatment (p < 0.001), but no significance in patients without SC. Furthermore, Cox multivariate analysis demonstrated that the change of ADAMTS13 (IL-12) is an independent predictor for HBeAg SC at week 96, and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for the ΔADAMTS13 (ΔIL-12) in CHB patients with 48-week m- ETV treatment is 0.8204 (0.8354) (p < 0.001, both) to predict HBeAg SC at week 96. The results suggested that higher increased ADAMTS13 and IL-12 after 48-week m-ETV treatment contributed to an enhanced probability of HBeAg SC, although the mechanism is undetermined. Quantification of ADAMTS13 (IL-12) during m-ETV treatment may help to predict long-term HBeAg SC in CHB patients.

17.
Asian J Surg ; 2020 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712045

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: /Objective: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent chronic liver disease, and effective treatments are lacking. Bariatric surgery, including sleeve gastrectomy (SG), is a potential therapeutic strategy for NAFLD, but the molecular mechanisms underlying its effects are not fully understood. In this study, the effects of SG and the underlying mechanisms were evaluated in a mouse model of high-fat diet (HFD)-induced NAFLD. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into three groups: normal diet with sham operation (NC-Sham group), HFD with sham operation (HFD-Sham group), and HFD with sleeve gastrectomy (HFD-SG group). Glucose metabolism and fat accumulation in the body and liver were analyzed before and after SG. Lipid metabolism and inflammation in the liver were evaluated. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) levels as well as nicotinamide riboside kinase (NRK1) and Sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) expression levels were evaluated. RESULTS: SG attenuated the HFD-induced increases in glucose and insulin levels, fat accumulation, and lipid droplet accumulation. Fatty acid biosynthesis, the expression of the metabolism-related genes ACC1, FASN, SCD1, and DGAT1, and the levels of inflammatory factors were higher in HFD mice than in NC mice and decreased after SG. NAD + concentrations were 54.9 ± 13.4 µmol/mg in NC-Sham mice, 37.6 ± 8.1 µmol/mg in HFD-Sham mice, and 79.9 ± 13.0 µmol/mg in HFD-SG mice (p < 0.05). NRK1 and SIRT1 expression increased dramatically after SG at both the RNA and protein levels. CONCLUSION: SG significantly alleviated NAFLD in HFD-induced obese mice with increasing the hepatic NAD + levels and upregulating the NRK1/NAD+/SIRT1 pathway.

18.
Water Sci Technol ; 81(9): 1870-1881, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666942

RESUMO

The effect of change of hydraulic characteristic and microbial community on pollution removal efficiency of the infiltration systems in the bioclogging development process remain poorly understood. In this study, therefore, the pollutant removal as a response to hydraulic conductivity reduction and the change of diversity and structure of microbial communities in vertical flow constructed wetlands (VFCWs) was investigated. The results indicated that the richness and diversity of the bacterial communities in the columns at different depths were decreased, and the microbial communities of the genus level were changed in the process of bioclogging. However, the variation of microbial communities has a low impact on the purification performance of VFCWs because the abundance of function groups, respiratory activity, and degradation potentiality of microorganisms remain steady or even get improved in the columns after bioclogging. On the contrary, the hydraulic efficiency of VFCWs decreased greatly by 16.9%, 9.9%, and 57.1% for VFCWs filled with zeolite (Column I), gravel (Column II), and ceramsite (Column III), respectively. The existence of short-circuiting and dead zones in the filter media cause the poor pollution removal efficiency of VFCWs due to the short contact time and decrease of oxygenation renewal, as well as low activity in the dead zone.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Áreas Alagadas , Bactérias , Nitrogênio
19.
Hypertension ; 76(4): 1104-1112, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32673499

RESUMO

The prognostic power of circulating cardiac biomarkers, their utility, and pattern of release in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients have not been clearly defined. In this multicentered retrospective study, we enrolled 3219 patients with diagnosed COVID-19 admitted to 9 hospitals from December 31, 2019 to March 4, 2020, to estimate the associations and prognostic power of circulating cardiac injury markers with the poor outcomes of COVID-19. In the mixed-effects Cox model, after adjusting for age, sex, and comorbidities, the adjusted hazard ratio of 28-day mortality for hs-cTnI (high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I) was 7.12 ([95% CI, 4.60-11.03] P<0.001), (NT-pro)BNP (N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide or brain natriuretic peptide) was 5.11 ([95% CI, 3.50-7.47] P<0.001), CK (creatine phosphokinase)-MB was 4.86 ([95% CI, 3.33-7.09] P<0.001), MYO (myoglobin) was 4.50 ([95% CI, 3.18-6.36] P<0.001), and CK was 3.56 ([95% CI, 2.53-5.02] P<0.001). The cutoffs of those cardiac biomarkers for effective prognosis of 28-day mortality of COVID-19 were found to be much lower than for regular heart disease at about 19%-50% of the currently recommended thresholds. Patients with elevated cardiac injury markers above the newly established cutoffs were associated with significantly increased risk of COVID-19 death. In conclusion, cardiac biomarker elevations are significantly associated with 28-day death in patients with COVID-19. The prognostic cutoff values of these biomarkers might be much lower than the current reference standards. These findings can assist in better management of COVID-19 patients to improve outcomes. Importantly, the newly established cutoff levels of COVID-19-associated cardiac biomarkers may serve as useful criteria for the future prospective studies and clinical trials.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Creatina Quinase Forma MB/sangue , Cardiopatias , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Pandemias , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Pneumonia Viral , Troponina I/sangue , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Biomarcadores/sangue , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Feminino , Cardiopatias/sangue , Cardiopatias/mortalidade , Cardiopatias/virologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Int J Nurs Sci ; 7(2): 170-178, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32685613

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of mirror neuron theory-based visual feedback therapy (VFT) on restoration of upper limb function of stroke patients and motor-related cortical function using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Methods: Hemiplegic stroke patients were randomly divided into two groups: a VFT group and a control (CTL) group. Sixteen patients in the VFT group received conventional rehabilitation (CR) and VFT for 8 weeks, while 15 patients in the CTL group received only CR. The Barthel Index (BI) was used to assess the activities of daily living at baseline and the 8th week of the recovery training period. The Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA) scale, somatosensory evoked potential (SEP), and fMRI were used to evaluate the recovery effect of the training therapies. The latencies and amplitudes of N9 and N20 were measured. Before recovery training, fMRI was performed for all patients in the VFT and CTL groups. In addition, 17 patients (9 in the VFT group and 8 in the CTL group) underwent fMRI for follow-up 2 months after treatment. Qualitative data were analyzed using the χ 2 test. The independent sample t-test was used to compare normally distributed data among different groups, the paired sample t-test was used to compare data between groups, and the non-parametric test was used to comparing data without normal distribution among groups. Results: There were no significant differences between the VFT and CTL group in all indexes. However, after 8 weeks of recovery training, these indexes were all significantly improved (P < 0.05). As compared with the CTL group, the FMA scores, BI, and N9/N20 latencies and amplitudes of SEP in the VFT group were significantly improved (P < 0.05). Two months after recovery training, fMRI showed that the degree of activation of the bilateral central anterior gyrus, parietal lobe, and auxiliary motor areas was significantly higher in the VFT group than the CTL group (P < 0.05). Conclusions: VFT based on mirror neuron theory is an effective approach to improve upper extremity motor function and daily activity performance of stroke patients. The therapeutic mechanism promotes motor relearning by activating the mirror neuron system and motor cortex. SEP amplitudes increased only for patients who participated in visual feedback. VFT promotes sensory-motor plasticity and behavioral changes in both the motor and sensory domains.

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