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1.
Chin J Nat Med ; 19(11): 844-855, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34844723

RESUMO

The fruits of Eucalyptus globulus Labill. are known to have a plenty of medicinal properties, such as anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, and immunosuppressive activity. Our previous study found that the phloroglucinol-sesquiterpene adducts in the fruits of E. globulus were immunosuppressive active constituents, especially Eucalyptin C (EuC). Phosphoinositide 3-kinases-γ (PI3Kγ) plays a pivotal role in T cell mediated excessive immune responses. In this study, EuC was first discovered to be a novel selective PI3Kγ inhibitor with an IC50 value of 0.9 µmol·L-1 and selectivity over 40-fold towards the other PI3K isoforms. Molecular docking, molecular dynamics simulation, and cellular thermal shift assay showed that EuC bound to PI3Kγ. Furthermore, EuC suppressed the downstream of PI3Kγ to induce the apoptosis and inhibit the activation of primary spleen cells derived from allergic contact dermatitis mice. This work highlights the role of the fruits of E. globulus as a source of bioactive plant with immunosuppressive activity.

2.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-10, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34694166

RESUMO

Three new biflavonoids, umcephabiovins C - E (1 - 3), along with fourteen known compounds were isolated from the twigs and leaves of Cephalotaxus oliveri. Their structures and configurations were elucidated by UV, IR, NMR, ECD, and HR-ESI-MS spectra. Compounds 1 - 3 exhibited significant α-glucosidase inhibitory activity with IC50 values of 7.05 ± 2.66, 24.45 ± 4.73, and 1.84 ± 1.14 µM, respectively. Compound 11 showed moderate cytotoxicity against the BaF3/T315I cell line.

3.
Molecules ; 26(19)2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641483

RESUMO

A phytochemical investigation on the roots of medicinal plant Eurycoma longifolia resulted in the isolation of 10 new highly oxygenated C20 quassinoids longifolactones G‒P (1-10), along with four known ones (11-14). Their chemical structures and absolute configurations were unambiguously elucidated on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic analysis and X-ray crystallographic data. Notably, compound 1 is a rare pentacyclic C20 quassinoid featuring a densely functionalized 2,5-dioxatricyclo[5.2.2.04,8]undecane core. Compound 4 represents the first example of quassinoids containing a 14,15-epoxy functionality, and 7 features an unusual α-oriented hydroxyl group at C-14. All isolated compounds were evaluated for their anti-proliferation activities on human leukemia cells. Among the isolates, compounds 5, 12, 13, and 14 potently inhibited the in vitro proliferation of K562 and HL-60 cells with IC50 values ranging from 2.90 to 8.20 µM.

4.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2021 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507510

RESUMO

Bixasteroid (1), one new steroid together with five known compounds (2-6), were isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of ethanol extract of Bixa orellana fruits. All of these known compounds were isolated from the plant for the first time. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, and the absolute configuration of compound 1 was determined by X-ray crystallographic data analysis as well as by the quantum chemical ECD calculations. All the isolated compounds were tested for their anti-inflammatory activities. Compounds 1 and 2 showed inhibiting NO release activities in LPS-induced RAW 264.7 macrophages with the IC50 values of 4.72 ± 0.28 and 5.48 ± 1.48 µM, respectively.

5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3123-3132, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467704

RESUMO

The chemical constituents from the leaves of Ilex guayusa were investigated. Sixteen triterpenoids were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of dried leaves of I. guayusa by silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS column chromatographies and semi-prepa-rative HPLC. Those triterpenoids were identified by NMR, HR-MS, and literature analysis: 3ß-hydroxy-11α,12α-epoxy-24-nor-urs-4(23)-ene-28,13ß-olide(1), 3ß-hydroxy-24-nor-4(23),12-oleanadien-28-methyl ester(2), oleanolic acid(3), 3ß,28-dihydroxy-12-oleanene(4), 2α,3ß-dihydroxy-11α,12α-epoxy-24-'nor-olean-4(23)-ene-28,13ß-olide(5), ursolic acid(6), 3ß,23-dihydroxy ursolic acid(7), 3ß,28-dihydroxy-12-ursene(8), 3ß-28-nor-urs-12-ene-3,17-diol(9), 3ß-hydroxyurs-11-ene-28,13ß-olide(10), 13ß,28-epoxy-3ß-hydroxy-11-ursene(11), 3ß-hydroxy-28,28-dimethoxy-12-ursene(12), 3ß-hydroxy-24-nor-urs-4(23),12-dien-28-oic acid(13), 3ß-hydroxy-24-nor-urs-4(23),12-dien-28-methyl ester(14), 2α,3ß-dihydroxy-11α,12α-epoxy-24-nor-urs-4(23)-ene-28,13ß-olide(15) and 2α,3ß-dihydroxy-11α,12α-epoxy-24-nor-urs-4(23),20(30)-dien-28,13ß-olide(16). Compounds 1-2 were new compounds, and compounds 4-5, 7 and 9-16 were isolated from I. guayusa for the first time.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ilex guayusa , Ácido Oleanólico , Triterpenos , Estrutura Molecular , Folhas de Planta
6.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To reveal the neuroprotective effect and the underlying mechanisms of a mixture of the main components of Panax notoginseng saponins (TSPN) on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury and oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) of cultured cortical neurons. METHODS: The neuroprotective effect of TSPN was evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, flow cytometry and live/dead cell assays. The morphology of dendrites was detected by immunofluorescence. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was developed in rats as a model of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion. The neuroprotective effect of TSPN was evaluated by neurological scoring, tail suspension test, 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) and Nissl stainings. Western blot analysis, immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence were used to measure the changes in the Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. RESULTS: MTT showed that TSPN (50, 25 and 12.5 µ g/mL) protected cortical neurons after OGD/R treatment (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Flow cytometry and live/dead cell assays indicated that 25 µ g/mL TSPN decreased neuronal apoptosis (P<0.05), and immunofluorescence showed that 25 µ g/mL TSPN restored the dendritic morphology of damaged neurons (P<0.05). Moreover, 12.5 µ g/mL TSPN downregulated the expression of Beclin-1, Cleaved-caspase 3 and LC3B-II/LC3B-I, and upregulated the levels of phosphorylated (p)-Akt and p-mTOR (P<0.01 or P<0.05). In the MCAO model, 50 µ g/mL TSPN improved defective neurological behavior and reduced infarct volume (P<0.05). Moreover, the expression of Beclin-1 and LC3B in cerebral ischemic penumbra was downregulated after 50 µ g/mL TSPN treatment, whereas the p-mTOR level was upregulated (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSION: TSPN promoted neuronal survival and protected dendrite integrity after OGD/R and had a potential therapeutic effect by alleviating neurological deficits and reversing neuronal loss. TSPN promoted p-mTOR and inhibited Beclin-1 to alleviate ischemic damage, which may be the mechanism that underlies the neuroprotective activity of TSPN.

7.
ACS Chem Neurosci ; 12(19): 3650-3661, 2021 10 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34541857

RESUMO

Impaired differentiation of newborn neurons or abnormalities at the synapses resulted from stress maladaptation could be the key etiology of depression. Recent studies have shown that mTOR, a crucial factor for neuronal differentiation and synapse development, acts as a common factor that mediates the rapid antidepression effects of several new-class antidepressants. In this study, the antidepressant-like activity of securinine, an alkaloid that has central nervous system stimulation ability, was investigated. Both securinine and its enantiomer virosecurinine exhibited potent in vitro activity on neuronal differentiation and synapse development in Neuro-2a cells and cultured hippocampal neurons, and this activity was dependent on the activation of the AKT-mTOR-S6K pathway. Interestingly, only securinine but not virosecurinine showed mTOR stimulation and antidepressant-like activity in mice. Importantly, a single dose of securinine was capable of alleviating the behavioral deficits induced by both acute and chronic stress models within 30 min of administration, suggesting that securinine has rapid onset of action. Moreover, neither a single dose nor a 3 week treatment of securinine had adverse effects on exploratory locomotion of mice. Together, this study identifies that securinine is a potent agent in promoting neuronal differentiation and synapse formation and shows rapid antidepressant-like activity, without inducing abnormal locomotion, via mTOR activation.


Assuntos
Compostos Heterocíclicos de Anel em Ponte , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR , Animais , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Azepinas , Diferenciação Celular , Compostos Heterocíclicos de Anel em Ponte/farmacologia , Lactonas , Camundongos , Piperidinas
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(13): 3364-3367, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396756

RESUMO

Mansoa alliacea,commonly known as garlic vine,is native to the tropical rain forests of South America and widely cultivated in South China. As a popular folk medicine with various biological activities,however,this plant remains to be fully elucidated in terms of its phytochemical constituents. In this study,two new pyranonaphthoquinones were isolated from the 95% ethanol extract of the leaves and twigs of M. alliacea by various chromatographic approaches including silica gel,octadecyl silica( ODS),Sephadex LH-20,and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography( PHPLC). Their structures were determined to be 8,9-dimethoxy-α-lapachone( 1) and 7-hydroxy-8,9-dimethoxy-α-lapachone( 2) by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and therefore respectively named as mansonin A( 1) and mansonin B( 2).


Assuntos
Compostos Fitoquímicos , Folhas de Planta , China , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
9.
J Med Chem ; 64(16): 12089-12108, 2021 08 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404206

RESUMO

Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is a potential target for the discovery of chemosensitizers and anticancer drugs. Amentoflavone (AMF) is reported to be a selective PARP-1 inhibitor. Here, structural modifications and trimming of AMF have led to a series of AMF derivatives (9a-h) and apigenin-piperazine/piperidine hybrids (14a-p, 15a-p, 17a-h, and 19a-f), respectively. Among these compounds, 15l exhibited a potent PARP-1 inhibitory effect (IC50 = 14.7 nM) and possessed high selectivity to PARP-1 over PARP-2 (61.2-fold). Molecular dynamics simulation and the cellular thermal shift assay revealed that 15l directly bound to the PARP-1 structure. In in vitro and in vivo studies, 15l showed a potent chemotherapy sensitizing effect against A549 cells and a selective cytotoxic effect toward SK-OV-3 cells through PARP-1 inhibition. 15l·2HCl also displayed good ADME characteristics, pharmacokinetic parameters, and a desirable safety margin. These findings demonstrated that 15l·2HCl may serve as a lead compound for chemosensitizers and the (BRCA-1)-deficient cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Flavonas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerase-1/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacocinética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Descoberta de Drogas , Feminino , Flavonas/síntese química , Flavonas/metabolismo , Flavonas/farmacocinética , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Piperazinas/síntese química , Piperazinas/metabolismo , Piperazinas/farmacocinética , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerase-1/metabolismo , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/síntese química , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerases/farmacocinética , Ligação Proteica , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(36): 19609-19613, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196083

RESUMO

A combined strategy of building blocks recognition and molecular network construction, termed the building blocks-based molecular network (BBMN), was first presented to facilitate the efficient discovery of novel natural products. By mapping the BBMN of the total alkaloid fraction of Flueggea suffruticosa, three Securinega alkaloids (SEAs) with unusual chemical architectures, suffranidines A-C (1-3), were discovered and isolated. Compound 1 characterizes an unprecedented 8/5/6/5/6/6/6/6-fused octacyclic scaffold with a unique cage-shaped 3-azatricyclo[6.4.0.03,11 ]dodecane core. Compounds 2 and 3 are highly modified SEA dimers that incorporate additional C6 motifs. A hypothetical biosynthetic pathway for 1-3 was proposed. In addition, 1 significantly induced neuronal differentiation and neurite extension by upregulating eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF2)-mediated protein synthesis.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Produtos Biológicos/isolamento & purificação , Euphorbiaceae/química , Securinega/química , Alcaloides/química , Produtos Biológicos/química , Conformação Molecular
11.
Fitoterapia ; 153: 104968, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34147547

RESUMO

Based on the typical HPLC-UV-MS profiles and characteristic 1H NMR signals, twelve new phloroglucinol-derived lipids (1-12), featuring a long linear aliphatic side chain, together with three known ones (13-15) were isolated from the ethanol extract of the leaves of Syzygium cumini. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive NMR spectroscopic analyses and mass spectrometric data. Compounds 1-5 characterize an enolizable ß,ß'-tricarbonyl motif with a cyclohexa-3,5-dien-1-one core that is hitherto undescribed in phloroglucinol-derived lipids. Compounds 4 and 10-12 are novel phloroglucinol-derived lipids containing an uncommon methylene interrupted trans double bond in their polyunsaturated aliphatic side chains. A polyketide biogenetic pathway for those phloroglucinol-derived lipids was also proposed. In addition, the isolates were evaluated for their neuroprotective activities against oxygen-glucose deprivation and re­oxygenation (OGD/R)-induced Neuro-2a cell injury. Notably, compounds 1, 5, and 10-12 significantly improved viability of Neuro-2a cells after OGD/R damage.


Assuntos
Lipídeos/farmacologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Floroglucinol/química , Syzygium/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , China , Lipídeos/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química
12.
J Nat Prod ; 84(7): 1954-1966, 2021 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34170694

RESUMO

Cdc37 associates kinase clients to Hsp90 and promotes the development of cancers. Celastrol, a natural friedelane triterpenoid, can disrupt the Hsp90-Cdc37 interaction to provide antitumor effects. In this study, 31 new celastrol derivatives, 2a-2d, 3a-3g, and 4a-4t, were designed and synthesized, and their Hsp90-Cdc37 disruption activities and antiproliferative activities against cancer cells were evaluated. Among these compounds, 4f, with the highest tumor cell selectivity (15.4-fold), potent Hsp90-Cdc37 disruption activity (IC50 = 1.9 µM), and antiproliferative activity against MDA-MB-231 cells (IC50 = 0.2 µM), was selected as the lead compound. Further studies demonstrated 4f has strong antitumor activities both in vitro and in vivo through disrupting the Hsp90-Cdc37 interaction and inhibiting angiogenesis. In addition, 4f exhibited less toxicity than celastrol and showed a good pharmacokinetics profile in vivo. These findings suggest that 4f may be a promising candidate for development of new cancer therapies.

13.
Chem Biodivers ; 18(6): e2100252, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33988294

RESUMO

Leptosparones A-F (1-6), six new dimeric acylphloroglucinol derivatives with unprecedented skeletons, were isolated from Leptospermum scoparium. Compounds 1-3 and 5-6 are phenylpropanoyl-phloroglucinol dimers, while 4 is a phenylpropanoylphloroglucinol-isovalerylphloroglucinol hybrid. Structurally, these compounds represent the first examples of dimeric phloroglucinols with unprecedented C(7')-C(8) linkage between the phloroglucinol core and the acyl side chain. Their structures were elucidated by comprehensive analyses of spectroscopic data, single crystal X-ray diffraction and chemical calculations. In addition, all compounds showed inhibitory effects against α-glucosidase with IC50 values ranging from 39.5 to 186.8 µM.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Leptospermum/química , Floroglucinol/farmacologia , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/síntese química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Floroglucinol/síntese química , Floroglucinol/química
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(10): 2509-2513, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047097

RESUMO

In order to study the alkaloids from branches and leaves of Ervatamia hainanensis, silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and HPLC chromatography were used to obtain six alkaloids from the branches and leaves of E. hainanensis with use of. Based on the physicochemical properties and spectral data, their structures were identified as 10-hydroxydemethylhirsuteine(1), 3R-hydroxycoronaridine(2), 3-(2-oxopropyl)coronaridine(3), pandine(4), 16-epi-vobasine(5), and 16-epi-vobasinic acid(6). Among them, compound 1 was a new monoterpenoid indole alkaloid, and compounds 5 and 6 were obtained from this plant for the first time.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Tabernaemontana , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Estrutura Molecular , Folhas de Planta
15.
J Med Chem ; 64(11): 7760-7777, 2021 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34019417

RESUMO

N-Phenylpropenoyl-l-amino acids (NPAs) are inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) inhibitors possessing preventive effects for Parkinson's disease (PD). Here, structural modifications for improving the iNOS inhibitory activity and blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability of NPAs were conducted, leading to 20 optimized NPA derivatives (1-20). Compound 18, with the most potent activity (IC50 = 74 nM), high BBB permeability (Pe = 19.1 × 10-6 cm/s), and high selectivity over other NOS isoforms, was selected as the lead compound. Further studies demonstrated that 18 directly binds to iNOS. In the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced acute PD model, the oral administration of 18 (1 and 2 mg/kg) exerted preventive effects by alleviating the loss of dopaminergic (DAergic) neurons. Notably, in the MPTP-/probenecid-induced chronic PD model, the same dose of 18 also displayed a therapeutic effect by repairing the damaged DAergic neurons. Finally, good pharmacokinetic properties and low toxicity made 18 a promising candidate for the treatment of PD.


Assuntos
Aminoácidos/química , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/antagonistas & inibidores , Propanóis/química , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/farmacologia , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Barreira Hematoencefálica/efeitos dos fármacos , Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/metabolismo , Desenho de Fármacos , Meia-Vida , Humanos , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Intoxicação por MPTP/tratamento farmacológico , Intoxicação por MPTP/patologia , Aprendizagem em Labirinto/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/citologia , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Microglia/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
Org Lett ; 23(11): 4499-4504, 2021 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032453

RESUMO

Rhodomentosones A and B (1 and 2), two pairs of novel enantiomeric phloroglucinol trimers featuring a unique 6/5/5/6/5/5/6-fused ring system were isolated from Rhodomyrtus tomentosa. Their structures with absolute configurations were elucidated by NMR spectroscopy, X-ray crystallography, and ECD calculation. The bioinspired syntheses of 1 and 2 were achieved in six steps featuring an organocatalytic asymmetric dehydroxylation/Michael addition/Kornblum-DeLaMare rearrangement/ketalization cascade reaction. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited promising antiviral activities against respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).


Assuntos
Antivirais/química , Myrtaceae/química , Floroglucinol/química , Vírus Sinciciais Respiratórios/química , Biomimética , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/química , Terpenos/química
17.
J Org Chem ; 86(8): 5870-5882, 2021 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829799

RESUMO

Four novel stilbene dimers (1-4), together with their biosynthetically related stilbene monomers (5 and 6), were isolated from the leaves of Cajanus cajan. Their structures with absolute configurations were determined by comprehensive analysis of spectroscopic data and electronic circular dichroism calculations. Compounds 1 and 2 are two novel dimeric stilbenes with an unusual coupling pattern that resulted in a rare configurationally stable Csp2-Csp3 chiral axis with both point and axial chirality in their molecules. Due to their unique inherent structural features, both of them naturally occur as equilibrating mixtures of unequally populated atropo-diastereomers and their respective enantiomers. Compounds 3 and 4 are two pairs of novel dimeric stilbene atropisomers featuring a rotationally hindered central biaryl axis. Notably, 3 contains a rare arylbenzoquinone core and 4 is a symmetric dimer with a C2 symmetry axis. The hypothetical biosynthetic pathway of 1-4 was also proposed herein. All the new compounds exhibited significant protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B (PTP1B) inhibition effects. In addition, the preliminary mode of action for the most potent compound 3 was investigated by molecular docking and binding free energy calculation.


Assuntos
Cajanus , Estilbenos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Folhas de Planta , Estereoisomerismo
18.
Bioorg Chem ; 107: 104624, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33465669

RESUMO

Two novel monoterpenoid indole alkaloids (MIAs), gelsechizines A-B (1-2), along with four known ones (3-6) were isolated from the fruits of Gelsemium elegans. Compound 1 features a new carbon skeleton with two additional carbon atoms forming a 4-methylpyridine unit. Their structures with absolute configurations were elucidated by NMR, MS, X-ray diffraction and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compounds 1-3 showed significant anti-inflammatory effects in vivo and in vitro, which may be related to the inhibition of the trecruitment of neutrophils and macrophages as well as the secretion of TNF-α and IL-6. Preliminary structure-activity relationship analysis revealed that the ß-N-acrylate moiety plays an important role in the anti-inflammatory effect.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Gelsemium/química , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Alcaloides de Triptamina e Secologanina/química , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Animais Geneticamente Modificados/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Gelsemium/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Conformação Molecular , Neutrófilos/citologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Alcaloides de Triptamina e Secologanina/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides de Triptamina e Secologanina/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
19.
Mol Psychiatry ; 26(5): 1505-1519, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31388105

RESUMO

Genetic studies of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have revealed multigene variations that converge on synaptic dysfunction. DOCK4, a gene at 7q31.1 that encodes the Rac1 guanine nucleotide exchange factor Dock4, has been identified as a risk gene for ASD and other neuropsychiatric disorders. However, whether and how Dock4 disruption leads to ASD features through a synaptic mechanism remain unexplored. We generated and characterized a line of Dock4 knockout (KO) mice, which intriguingly displayed a series of ASD-like behaviors, including impaired social novelty preference, abnormal isolation-induced pup vocalizations, elevated anxiety, and perturbed object and spatial learning. Mice with conditional deletion of Dock4 in hippocampal CA1 recapitulated social preference deficit in KO mice. Examination in CA1 pyramidal neurons revealed that excitatory synaptic transmission was drastically attenuated in KO mice, accompanied by decreased spine density and synaptic content of AMPA (α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid)- and NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate)-type glutamate receptors. Moreover, Dock4 deficiency markedly reduced Rac1 activity in the hippocampus, which resulted in downregulation of global protein synthesis and diminished expression of AMPA and NMDA receptor subunits. Notably, Rac1 replenishment in the hippocampal CA1 of Dock4 KO mice restored excitatory synaptic transmission and corrected impaired social deficits in these mice, and pharmacological activation of NMDA receptors also restored social novelty preference in Dock4 KO mice. Together, our findings uncover a previously unrecognized Dock4-Rac1-dependent mechanism involved in regulating hippocampal excitatory synaptic transmission and social behavior.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista , Transtorno Autístico , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase/genética , Neuropeptídeos/genética , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/genética , Proteínas rac1 de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Animais , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase/deficiência , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo , Transmissão Sináptica
20.
Nat Prod Bioprospect ; 11(1): 111-118, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33280060

RESUMO

Myrcauones A-D (1-4), four new phloroglucinol-terpene adducts were isolated from the leaves of Myrciaria cauliflora. Their structures with absolute configurations were elucidated by combination of spectroscopic analysis, single crystal X-ray diffraction, and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. Compound 1 was a rearranged isobutylphloroglucinol-pinene adduct featuring an unusual 2,3,4,4a,10,11-hexahydro-1H-3,11a-methanodibenzo[b,f]oxepin backbone. Compound 4 showed moderate antibacterial activity against Gram-positive bacteria including multiresistant strains.

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