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1.
J Hepatocell Carcinoma ; 8: 1323-1338, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34765572

RESUMO

Background: Cytochrome P450 2C8 (CYP2C8) gene is one of the members of the cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYPs) gene family. The aim of this study was to reveal the function of CYP2C8 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its effect on the sorafenib resistance. Methods: Differential expression analysis in multiple HCC datasets all suggested that CYP2C8 expression was significantly decreased in HCC tissues, compared with para-carcinoma liver tissues. The expression level of CYP2C8 was subsequently compared between HCC tissues and para-carcinoma liver tissues of 70 patients form Guangxi, China, with the result consistent with the above. Survival analysis and ROC analysis indicated that CYP2C8 was equipped with satisfactory diagnostic and prognostic value in HCC. To examine the effect of CYP2C8 on the malignant phenotype of HCC cells, stable transcriptional cell lines with CYP2C8 over-expression were established, and then Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) assay, colony formation assay, cell cycle assay, cell invasion assay and wound healing assay were performed. Results: The results of aforementioned assays suggested that CYP2C8 over-expression restricted the proliferation, clonality, migration, invasion and cell cycle of HCC cells but had no significant effect on cell apoptosis. The enrichment analysis in terms of sequencing data of HCC cell lines with stable CYP2C8 over-expression suggested that CYP2C8 might be related to PI3K/Akt/p27Kip1 axis. The inhibition of CYP2C8 over-expression on PI3K/Akt/p27Kip1 axis was subsequently demonstrated with Western blot assay. In the rescue experiment, it was observed that both P27 inhibitor and PI3K agonist counteracted the repressed malignant phenotype caused by CYP2C8 over-expression, which further demonstrated that CYP2C8 played a role in HCC cells via PI3K/Akt/p27Kip1 axis. Discussion: The results demonstrated that CYP2C8 enhances the anticancer activity of sorafenib in vitro assays and in tumor xenograft model, with Ki-67 down-regulation and PI3K/Akt/p27Kip1 axis inhibition. In conclusion, these findings hinted that CYP2C8 restricted malignant phenotype and sorafenib resistance in HCC via PI3K/Akt/p27kip1 axis.

2.
J Cancer ; 12(12): 3486-3500, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33995626

RESUMO

Background: Hepatitis B virus infection is associated with liver disease, including cancers. In this study, we assessed the power of sex-determining region Y (SRY)-related high-mobility group (HMG)-box 4(SOX4) gene to predict the clinical course of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: To evaluate the differential expression of SOX4 and its diagnostic and prognostic potential in HCC, we analyzed the GSE14520 dataset. Stratified analysis and joint-effect analysis were done using SOX4 and clinical factor. We then designed a nomogram for predicting the clinical course of HCC. Differential SOX4 expression and its correlation with tumor stage as well as its diagnostic and prognostic value were analyzed on the oncomine and GEPIA websites. Gene set enrichment analysis was explored as well as candidate gene ontology and metabolic pathways modulated by in SOX4 HCC. Results: Our analysis revealed that the level of SOX4 was significantly upregulated in tumor issue (P <0.001). This observation was validated through oncomine dataset and MERAV analysis (all P <0.05). Diagnostic receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis of SOX4 suggested it has diagnostic potential in HCC (GSE14520 dataset: P <0.001, area under curve (AUC) = 0.782; Oncomine: (Wurmbach dataset) P = 0.002, AUC = 0.831 and (Mas dataset) P <0.001, AUC = 0.947). In addition, SOX4 exhibited high correlation with overall survival of HBV-associated HCC (adjusted P = 0.004, hazard ratio (HR) (95% confidence interval (CI)) = 2.055 (1.261-3.349) and recurrence-free survival (adjusted P = 0.008, HR (95% CI) = 1.721 (1.151-2.574). These observations which were verified by GEPIA analysis for overall survival (P = 0.007) and recurrence-free survival (P= 0.096). Gene enrichment analysis revealed that affected processes included lymphocyte differentiation, pancreatic endocrine pathways, and insulin signaling pathway. SOX4 prognostic value was evaluated using nomogram analysis for HCC 1, 3, and 5-year, survival. Conclusion: Differential SOX4 expression presents an avenue of diagnosing and predicting clinical course of HCC. In HCC, SOX4 may affect TP53 metabolic processes, lymphocyte differentiation and the insulin signaling pathway.

3.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 42(1): 160-170, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32541921

RESUMO

Sorafenib is the first-line treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, there is a lack of validated biomarkers to predict sorafenib sensitivity. In this study we investigated the role of ACSL4, a positive-activating enzyme of ferroptosis, in sorafenib-induced cell death and HCC patient outcome. We showed that ACSL4 protein expression was negatively associated with IC50 values of sorafenib in a panel of HCC cell lines (R = -0.952, P < 0.001). Knockdown of ACSL4 expression by specific siRNA/sgRNA significantly attenuated sorafenib-induced lipid peroxidation and ferroptosis in Huh7 cells, and also rescued sorafenib-induced inhibition of xenograft tumor growth in vivo. We selected 29 HCC patients with surgery as primary treatment and sorafenib as postoperative adjunct therapy from a hospital-based cohort. A high proportion (66.7%) of HCC patients who had complete or partial responses to sorafenib treatment (according to the revised RECIST guideline) had higher ACSL4 expression in the pretreated HCC tissues, compared with those who had stable or progressed tumor growth (23.5%, P = 0.029). Since ACSL4 expression was independent of sorafenib treatment, it could serve as a useful predictive biomarker. Taken together, this study demonstrates that ACSL4 is essential for sorafenib-induced ferroptosis and useful for predicting sorafenib sensitivity in HCC. This study may have important translational impacts in precise treatment of HCC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Coenzima A Ligases/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Coenzima A Ligases/genética , Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Prognóstico , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
4.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 20(1): 415, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33302876

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study explored the prognostic significance of Glypican (GPC) family genes in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) after pancreaticoduodenectomy using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). METHODS: A total of 112 PDAC patients from TCGA and 48 patients from GEO were included in the analysis. The relationship between overall survival and the expression of GPC family genes as well as basic clinical characteristics was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method with the log-rank test. Joint effects survival analysis was performed to further examine the relationship between GPC genes and prognosis. A prognosis nomogram was established based on clinical characteristics and prognosis-related genes. Prognosis-related genes were investigated by genome-wide co-expression analysis and gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was carried out to identify potential mechanisms of these genes affecting prognosis. RESULTS: In TCGA database, high expression of GPC2, GPC3, and GPC5 was significantly associated with favorable survival (log-rank P = 0.031, 0.021, and 0.028, respectively; adjusted P value = 0.005, 0.022, and 0.020, respectively), and joint effects analysis of these genes was effective for prognosis prediction. The prognosis nomogram was applied to predict the survival probability using the total scores calculated. Genome-wide co-expression and GSEA analysis suggested that the GPC2 may affect prognosis through sequence-specific DNA binding, protein transport, cell differentiation and oncogenic signatures (KRAS, RAF, STK33, and VEGFA). GPC3 may be related to cell adhesion, angiogenesis, inflammatory response, signaling pathways like Ras, Rap1, PI3K-Akt, chemokine, GPCR, and signatures like cyclin D1, p53, PTEN. GPC5 may be involved in transcription factor complex, TFRC1, oncogenic signatures (HOXA9 and BMI1), gene methylation, phospholipid metabolic process, glycerophospholipid metabolism, cell cycle, and EGFR pathway. CONCLUSION: GPC2, GPC3, and GPC5 expression may serve as prognostic indicators in PDAC, and combination of these genes showed a higher efficiency for prognosis prediction.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Glipicanas/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/genética , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Prognóstico
5.
J Cancer ; 11(19): 5556-5567, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913451

RESUMO

Objective: Our current study is to explore the prognostic value and molecular mechanisms underlying the role of lncRNA in non-homologous end joining pathway 1 (LINP1) in early stage pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Methods: Genome-wide RNA-seq datasets of 112 early stage PDAC patients were got from The Cancer Genome Atlas and analyzed using multiple online tools. Results: Overall survival in high LINP1 expression patients was shorter than those with low expression (high-LINP1 vs. low-LINP1=481 vs. 592 days, log-rank P=0.0432). The multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression model suggested that high-LINP1 patients had a markedly higher risk of death than low-LINP1 patients (adjusted P=0.004, hazard ratio=2.214, 95% confidence interval=1.283-3.820). Analysis of genome-wide co-expressed genes, screening of differentially expressed genes, and gene set enrichment analysis indicated that LINP1 may be involved in the regulation of cell proliferation-, cell adhesion- and cell cycle-related biological processes in PDAC. Six small-molecule compounds including STOCK1N-35874, fenofibrate, exisulind, NU-1025, vinburnine, and doxylamine were identified as potential LINP1-targeted drugs for the treatment of PDAC. Conclusions: Our study indicated that LINP1 may serve as a prognostic biomarker of early stage PDAC. Analysis of genome-wide datasets led to the elucidation of the underlying mechanisms and identified six potential targeted drugs for the treatment of early PDAC.

6.
Respir Med Case Rep ; 30: 101075, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489847

RESUMO

Background: The biliary bronchial fistula is rare and difficult to treat. Here we report a 49-year-old woman diagnosed with biliary bronchial fistula due to cough with yellow-green sputum. Case presentation: this is a typical case of the biliary bronchial fistula with typical symptoms. The position of the abscess cavity below the diaphragm could not be catheter drainage. After anti-infection treatment, yellow-green sputum was reduced. Follow-up showed a good prognosis. Conclusion: biliary bronchial fistula is rare in the clinic, combined with chest and abdomen infection.

7.
Curr Zool ; 66(2): 113-122, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32211037

RESUMO

In the face of ongoing habitat fragmentation, many primate species have experienced reduced gene flow resulting in a reduction of genetic diversity, population bottlenecks, and inbreeding depression, including golden snub-nosed monkeys Rhinopithecus roxellana. Golden snub-nosed monkeys live in a multilevel society composed of several 1 male harem units that aggregate to form a cohesive breeding band, which is followed by one or more bachelor groups composed of juvenile, subadult, and adult male members. In this research, we examine the continuous landscape resistance surface, the genetic diversity and patterns of gene flow among 4 isolated breeding bands and 1 all-male band in the Qinling Mountains, China. Landscape surface modeling suggested that human activities and ecological factors severely limit the movement of individuals among breeding bands. Although these conditions are expected to result in reduced gene flow, reduced genetic diversity, and an increased opportunity for a genetic bottleneck, based on population genetic analyses of 13 microsatellite loci from 188 individuals inhabiting 4 isolated breeding bands and 1 all-male band, we found high levels of genetic diversity but low levels of genetic divergence, as well as high rates of gene flow between males residing in the all-male band and each of the 4 breeding bands. Our results indicate that the movement of bachelor males across the landscape, along with their association with several different breeding bands, appears to provide a mechanism for promoting gene flows and maintaining genetic diversity that may counteract the otherwise isolating effects of habitat fragmentation.

8.
J Cancer ; 11(7): 1869-1882, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32194798

RESUMO

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has high morbidity and mortality and lacks effective biomarkers for early diagnosis and survival surveillance. Origin recognition complex (ORC), consisting of ORC1-6 isoforms, was examined to assess the potential significance of ORC isoforms for HCC prognosis. Methods: Oncomine and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA) databases were used to examine differential isoform expression, stage-specific expression, calculate Pearson correlations and perform survival analysis. A human protein atlas database was utilized to evaluate the protein expression of ORCs in liver tissue. The cBioPortal database was used to assess isoform mutations and the survival significance of ORCs in HCC. Cytoscape software was employed to construct gene ontologies, metabolic pathways and gene-gene interaction networks. Results: Differential expression analysis indicated that ORC1 and ORC3-6 were highly expressed in tumor tissues in the Oncomine and GEPIA databases, while ORC2 was not. All the ORCs were showed positive and statistically significant correlations with each other (all P<0.001). ORC1-2 and ORC4-6 expressions were associated with disease stages I-IV (all P<0.05), but ORC3 was not. Survival analysis found that ORC1 and ORC4-6 expressions were associated with overall survival (OS), and ORC1-3 and ORC5-6 expression were associated with recurrence-free survival (RFS; all P<0.05). In addition, low expression of these ORC genes consistently indicated better prognosis compared with high expression. Protein expression analysis revealed that ORC1 and ORC3-6 were expressed in normal liver tissues, whereas ORC2 was not. Enrichment analysis indicated that ORCs were associated with DNA metabolic process, sequence-specific DNA binding and were involved in DNA replication, cell cycle, E2F-enabled inhibition of pre-replication complex formation and G1/S transition. Conclusions: Differentially expressed ORC1, 5 and 6 are candidate biomarkers for survival prediction and recurrence surveillance in HCC.

9.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(10): 7003-7017, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037547

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a lethal malignancy worldwide. HCC has traits of late diagnosis and high recurrence. This study explored potential diagnosis and prognosis significance of phospholipase C epsilon 1 (PLCE1) in HCC. The messenger RNA (mRNA) levels and diagnostic value of PLCE1 were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction and online databases GEPIA, oncomine, and GSE14520 data set. Survival analysis used the Kaplan-Meier Plotter website. Cell cycle, proliferation, migration, and invasion assays were performed with downregulated PLCE1 expression in HCC-M and HepG2 cell lines. PLCE1 was differentially expressed and highly expressed in tumors and had low expression in nontumor tissues (all p < .05). The diagnostic value of PLCE1 was validated with the datasets (all p < .01, all areas under curves > 0.7). PLCE1 mRNA expression was associated with the overall and relapse-free survival (both p < .05). Functional experiments indicated that downregulation of PLCE1 expression led to increased G1 stage in cell cycle and decreased cell proliferation, migration, and invasion compared with a negative control group (all p ≤ .05). The oncogene PLCE1 was differentially expressed in HCC and non-HCC tissues. It is a candidate for diagnosis and serves as prognosis biomarker. PLCE1 influenced survival by affecting the cell cycle, proliferation, migration, and invasion ability.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Oncogenes/genética , Fosfoinositídeo Fosfolipase C/genética , Adulto , Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética
10.
J Cancer ; 11(4): 906-918, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949494

RESUMO

Objective: The goal of our current study is to assess the immunohistochemical of p53, p21, nm23, and VEGF expression in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) prognosis after hepatectomy, as well as the prospective molecular mechanisms of prognostic indicator. Methods: There were 419 HBV-related HCC patients who were from southern China of Guangxi province and were used to evaluate the immunohistochemical expression for these biomarkers in prognosis. A genome-wide expression microarray dataset of HBV-related HCC were obtained from GSE14520. Results: In our study, the expression of p53, p21, and nm23 in cancer tissues of patients with hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma did not affected the clinical outcome of 2 years, 5 years or overall. Patients with high expression of VEGF had a worse overall survival after 2 years of surgery than patients with low expression (adjusted P=0.040, adjusted HR = 1.652, 95% CI = 1.024-2.665). Survival analysis of VEGF in GSE14520 cohort also demonstrated that VEGF mRNA expression also significantly associated with HBV-related HCC OS (adjusted P=0.035, adjusted HR =1.651, 95% CI =1.035-2.634). The prospective molecular mechanisms by co-expression analysis suggested that VEGF might be correlated to regulation of cell proliferation, cell growth and apoptotic process, Rap1 signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway, PPAR signaling pathway, cell cycle. Whereas the GSEA suggested that VEGF might involve in the regulation of HIF and HIF1A pathway, and TP53 regulation pathway. Conclusion: Our findings suggested that VEGF might be a prognostic indicator of HBV-related HCC, and we also identified the VEGF prospective molecular mechanisms through the whole genome co-expression and GSEA approaches.

11.
Am J Cancer Res ; 10(12): 4178-4197, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414994

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a worldwide malignancy with high morbidity and mortality. In this study, ubiquitin conjugating enzyme E2I (UBE2I), a small ubiquitin-like modifier E2 enzyme reportedly expressed in tumors, was examined for its potential effects in HCC. Bioinformatics analysis was performed based on HCCDB, TIMER, and Kaplan-Meier plotter databases to explore the clinical implications in HCC. An siRNA kit was used to downregulate UBE2I, and in vitro experiments-including migration, invasion and proliferation assays-were performed to examine UBE2I expression in HCC. Western blot (WB) was used to determine whether downregulated UBE2I expression influenced the prognosis of HCC via autophagy pathways. Finally, RNA-sequencing was performed to explore candidate molecular mechanisms underlying the effect of UBE2I. Bioinformatics analysis including stratification by alcohol ingestion and hepatitis status in HCC showed that highly expressed UBE2I was not only correlated with poor prognosis, but was also associated with immune infiltrates. In vitro experiments showed that high expression of UBE2I was associated with increased migration, invasion and proliferation of HCC cells. WB results indicated that downregulated expression of UBE2I was associated with higher levels of autophagy-related proteins including LC3A/B, Beclin-1 and ATG16L1. Moreover, RNA-sequencing results suggested that UBE2I was involved in hepatocarcinogenesis, non-alcohol fatty liver disease, steatohepatitis, liver fibrosis, inflammation, hepatoblastoma, tumor angiogenesis, type 2 mellitus diabetes, biliary tract disease and other diseases. We conclude that oncogene UBE2I is associated with poor prognosis of HCC via autophagy pathways and may be involved in hepatocarcinogenesis, tumor angiogenesis, non-alcohol fatty liver disease and inflammation.

13.
PLoS One ; 9(9): e108755, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25268959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Official guidelines do not recommend hepatic resection (HR) for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and portal hypertension (PHT). This study aims to investigate the safety and efficacy of HR for patients with HCC and PHT. METHODS: Mortality and survival after HR were analyzed retrospectively in a consecutive sample of 1738 HCC patients with PHT (n = 386) or without it (n = 1352). To assess the robustness of findings, we repeated the analysis using propensity score-matched analysis. We also comprehensively searched the PubMed database for studies evaluating the efficacy and safety of HR for patients with HCC and PHT. RESULTS: The 90-day mortality rate was 6.7% among those with PHT and 2.1% among those without it (P<.001). Patients without PHT had a survival benefit over those with PHT at 1, 3, and 5 years (96% vs 90%, 75% vs 67%, 54% vs 45%, respectively; P = .001). In contrast, PHT was not associated with worse short- or long-term survival when only propensity score-matched pairs of patients and those with early-stage HCC or those who underwent minor hepatectomy were included in the analysis (all P>.05). Moreover, the recurrence rates were similar between the two groups. Consistent with our findings, all 9 studies identified in our literature search reported HR to be safe and effective for patients with HCC and PHT. CONCLUSIONS: HR is safe and effective in HCC patients with PHT and preserved liver function. This is especially true for patients who have early-stage HCC or who undergo minor hepatectomy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Hepatectomia , Hipertensão Portal/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Fígado/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/irrigação sanguínea , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/complicações , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Portal/complicações , Hipertensão Portal/cirurgia , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/irrigação sanguínea , Neoplasias Hepáticas/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/irrigação sanguínea , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Ann Surg ; 260(2): 329-40, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24096763

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The efficacy and safety of hepatic resection (HR) to treat patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC) stage B and C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was retrospectively assessed. BACKGROUND: Although guidelines from the European Association for the Study of Liver Disease and the American Association for the Study of Liver Disease do not recommend HR for treating BCLC stage B/C HCC, several Asian and European studies have come to the opposite conclusions. METHODS: A consecutive sample of 1259 patients with BCLC stage B/C HCC who underwent HR (n = 908) or transarterial chemoembolization (TACE, n = 351) were included. Moreover, propensity score-matched patients were analyzed to adjust for any baseline differences. In parallel with this retrospective clinical study, the MEDLINE database was searched for studies evaluating the efficacy and safety of HR for BCLC stage B/C HCC. RESULTS: Among our patient sample, the 90-day mortality rate in the HR group was 3.1%. HR provided a survival benefit over TACE at 1, 3, and 5 years (88% vs 81%, 62% vs 33%, and 39% vs 16%, respectively; all P < 0.001). Propensity scoring and subgroup analyses based on tumor size, tumor number, presence or absence of macrovascular invasion, and portal hypertension (PHT) also showed that HR was associated with better long-term survival than TACE. All 36 studies identified in our literature search reported that HR is associated with good long-term survival and low morbidity. Multivariate analyses revealed that alpha-fetoprotein more than or equal to 400 ng/mL, diabetes mellitus, macrovascular invasion, and PHT are independent predictors of poor prognosis in patients with BCLC stage B/C HCC. CONCLUSIONS: Our clinical and literature analyses suggest that in patients with HCC with preserved liver function, the presence of large, solitary tumors, multinodular tumors, macrovascular invasion, or PHT are not contraindications for HR.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Quimioembolização Terapêutica , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hepatectomia/mortalidade , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 14(1): 217-23, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23534727

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide, and the outcomes for patients are still poor. It is important to determine the original type of synchronous multinodular HCC for preoperative assessment and the choice of treatment therapy as well as for the prediction of prognosis after treatment. AIMS: To analyze clinicopathologic characteristics and prognoses in patients with multicentric occurrence (MO) and intrahepatic metastasis (IM) of synchronous multinodular hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: The study group comprised 42 multinodular HCC patients with a total of 112 nodules. The control group comprised 20 HCC patients with 16 single nodular HCC cases and 4 HCC cases with a portal vein tumor emboli. The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) D-loop region was sequenced, and the patients of the study group were categorized as MO or IM based on the sequence variations. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to determine the important clinicopathologic characteristics in the two groups. RESULTS: In the study group, 20 cases were categorized as MO, and 22 as IM, whereas all 20 cases in the control group were characterized as IM. Several factors significantly differed between the IM and MO patients, including hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), cumulative tumor size, tumor nodule location, cirrhosis, portal vein and/or microvascular tumor embolus and the histological grade of the primary nodule. Multivariate analysis further demonstrated that cirrhosis and portal vein and/or microvascular tumor thrombus were independent factors differentiating between IM and MO patients. The tumor-free survival time of the MO subjects was significantly longer than that of the IM subjects (25.7 ∓ 4.8 months vs. 8.9 ∓ 3.1 months, p=0.017). Similarly, the overall survival time of the MO subjects was longer (31.6 ∓ 5.3 months vs. 15.4 ∓ 3.4 months, p=0.024). The multivariate analysis further demonstrated that the original type (p=0.035) and Child-Pugh grade (p<0.001) were independent predictors of tumor-free survival time. Cirrhosis (p=0.011), original type (p=0.034) and Child-Pugh grade (p<0.001) were independent predictors of overall survival time. CONCLUSIONS: HBeAg, cumulative tumor size, tumor nodule location, cirrhosis, portal vein and/or microvascular tumor embolus and histological grade of the primary nodule are important factors for differentiating IM and MO. MO HCC patients might have a favorable outcome compared with IM patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/secundário , DNA Mitocondrial , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/patologia , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/sangue , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/sangue , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Masculino , Microvasos/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Gradação de Tumores , Invasividade Neoplásica , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/sangue , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/genética , Veia Porta/patologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Fatores de Tempo , Carga Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
16.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 32(1): 64-6, 2010 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20211073

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinicopathological features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of primary clear cell carcinoma of the liver (PCCCL). METHODS: The clinicopathological data of 24 cases with pathologically proven PCCCL in the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from May 1996 to December 2003 were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: There were 21 males and 3 females in this group, with an average age of 46 years (range: 30 approximately 78 years). HBV infection was detected in 83.3%, and AFP expression was found in 75.0% of them. Of the 24 cases, 28 tumors were found with an average size of (6.64 +/- 5.54) cm. Liver cirrhosis was found in 75.0% of the patients. Macroscopic and microscopic tumor thrombi were found in 20.8% and 29.2%, respectively. Lymph node metastasis was found in 4.2% of the patents. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates of the 24 cases were 75.0%, 41.7% and 27.8%, respectively, with a median survival time of 29 months. CONCLUSION: The clinical characteristics of primary clear cell carcinoma of the liver are similar to that of common hepatocellular carcinoma. It is difficult to be diagnosed preoperatively and final diagnosis depends on pathological examination. Surgical resection is an effective way to achieve favorable treatment outcome and even long-term survival.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/sangue , Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hepatectomia/métodos , Hepatite B , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Taxa de Sobrevida , alfa-Fetoproteínas/análise
17.
Chin J Cancer ; 29(1): 52-8, 2010 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20038311

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Multinodular hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) might originate from multicentric occurrence (MO) or intrahepatic metastasis(IM). This study was to find out proteins which play important roles in clonal origin of multinodular hepatocellular carcinoma bt screening the differentially expressed proteins between the MO and IM tissues using comparative proteomic analysis. METHODS: Total protein extracted was separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. Comparative analyses of the 2-DE protein patterns between the two groups were carried out using computerized imaging techniques. Proteins exhibiting significant alternations were subsequently isolated and identified by mass spectrometry. RESULTS: A total 1025+/-52 and 900+/-98 spots were detected in the protein profile in IM and MO, respectively. Twenty-five protein spots were statistically different at expression levels between the two groups. Twenty of them were identified by MALDI-TOF-MS and bioinformatics. CONCLUSIONS: The protein profile of MO HCC tissues is different from that in IM HCC tissues. The twenty differentially expressed proteins might play a key role in the carcinogenesis and progression of multinodular HCC. These newly identified proteins might be potential and valuable biomarkers for identifying the multinodular HCC of clonal origin.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/patologia , Proteômica , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Eletroforese em Gel Bidimensional , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias Primárias Múltiplas/metabolismo , Análise Serial de Proteínas , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz
18.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 119-22, 2008 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18642666

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the distribution of aldehyde dehydrogenase-2 (ALDH2) polymorphisms between healthy Zhuang and Han ethnic individuals in Guangxi Autonomous Region and its influence to the behaviors of alcohol consumption. METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction with confronting two-pair primers (PCR-CTPP) and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) techniques were used to genotype ALDH2, respectively, and alcohol consumption was recorded in a constructed questionnaire. RESULTS: The frequencies of ALDH2 alleles (ALDH2(1)/ALDH2(2)) among Zhuang and Han ethnics were 0.511, 0.489 and 0.508, 0.492 respectively (chi2 = 0.001, P > 0.05). The ALDH2 genotypes were verified with PCR-RFLP method. The frequencies of ALDH2(1) genotype in alcoholics (> or = 3 times drinking per week) were 35.59% and 15.67% in Zhuang and Han groups respectively (chi2 = 5.800, P = 0.016). CONCLUSION: There was no significant different distribution of ALDH2 genotype among healthy Zhuang and Han ethnic people. The genotype of ALDH2 in different ethnicity might influence individual behavior of alcohol consumption.


Assuntos
Aldeído Desidrogenase/genética , Primers do DNA/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Adulto , Aldeído-Desidrogenase Mitocondrial , Alelos , China , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
19.
Cancer Lett ; 263(2): 212-22, 2008 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18280645

RESUMO

Biomarkers of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) exposure and oxidative stress were detected in 71 hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients and 694 controls from southern China. Plasma level of AFB1-albumin-adducts (AAA) and protein carbonyl content (PCC) were significantly higher in the 71 HCC cases than in any age/gender matched HBV sero-status groups (p<0.001). HCC patients positive for the p53-249 G-T mutation had a marginally higher level of PCC than those negative for the mutation (p=0.077). HBV infection had a prominent influence on the association between AFB1 exposure and oxidative stress biomarkers in the controls. Our study indicates a significant contribution from HBV infection to oxidative stress in a population with AFB1 exposure which might substantially increase risk for HCC in this region.


Assuntos
Aflatoxina B1/toxicidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Hepatite B/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco
20.
Carcinogenesis ; 28(11): 2347-54, 2007 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17724371

RESUMO

The association between aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) exposure and oxidative stress was extensively examined in 84 adolescents from an area at high risk for hepatocellular carcinoma in China. Plasma level of aflatoxin B1-albumin adducts (AAAs) was associated with AFB1 excretion in urine (r = 0.394, P < 0.001). Urinary AFB1 was also associated with both the urinary excretion of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) (r > or = 0.479, P < 0.001) and 8-OHdG and hOGG1 levels in peripheral leukocytes (r > or = 0.308, P < or = 0.005). Similarly, AAA was significantly associated with both the urinary excretion of 8-OHdG (r > or = 0.259, P < or = 0.018) and the 8-OHdG and hOGG1 levels in peripheral leukocytes (r > or = 0.313, P < or = 0.004). In addition, urinary 8-OHdG was correlated with both the level of DNA 8-OHdG (r > or = 0.24, P < or = 0.05) and the expression of hOGG1 in peripheral leukocytes (r > or = 0.429, P < 0.001). Protein carbonyl content (PCC) level was significantly associated with not only the level of DNA 8-OHdG (r > or = 0.366, P < 0.001) and the urinary 8-OHdG (r > or = 0.258, P < or = 0.018) but also the expression of hOGG1 in peripheral leukocytes (r = 0.485, P < 0.001). A significant but weak association was found between high-performance liquid chromatograph-electrochemical detection (HPLC-ECD) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for urinary 8-OHdG (r = 0.334, P = 0.002) and between HPLC-ECD and flow cytometry assays for 8-OHdG in leucocytes (r = 0.395, P < 0.001). Significant associations were observed between AAA and PCC and liver function indices (alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase). These findings suggest significant contribution from AFB1 exposure to oxidative stress and subsequent repair among adolescents that may impose substantial risk for hepatocarcinogenesis in adulthood in this region.


Assuntos
Aflatoxina B1/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Exposição Ambiental , Estresse Oxidativo , Adolescente , Aflatoxina B1/toxicidade , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/induzido quimicamente , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Medição de Risco
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