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1.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228857, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053643

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has become a pressing health problem facing the world today due to its high morbidity, high mortality, and late discovery. As a diagnostic criteria of HCC, the exact threshold of Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is controversial. Therefore, this study was aimed to systematically estimate the performance of AFP in diagnosing HCC and to clarify its optimal threshold. METHODS: Medline and Embase databases were searched for articles indexed up to November 2019. English language studies were included if both the sensitivity and specificity of AFP in the diagnosis of HCC were provided. The basic information and accuracy data included in the studies were extracted. Combined estimates for sensitivity and specificity were statistically analyzed by random-effects model using MetaDisc 1.4 and Stata 15.0 software at the prespecified threshold of 400 ng/mL, 200 ng/mL, and the range of 20-100 ng/mL. The optimal threshold was evaluated by the area under curve (AUC) of the summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC). RESULTS: We retrieved 29,828 articles and included 59 studies and 1 review with a total of 11,731 HCC cases confirmed by histomorphology and 21,972 control cases without HCC. The included studies showed an overall judgment of at risk of bias. Four studies with AFP threshold of 400 ng/mL showed the summary sensitivity and specificity of 0.32 (95%CI 0.31-0.34) and 0.99 (95%CI 0.98-0.99), respectively. Four studies with AFP threshold of 200 ng/mL showed the summary sensitivity and specificity of 0.49 (95%CI 0.47-0.50) and 0.98 (95%CI 0.97-0.99), respectively. Forty-six studies with AFP threshold of 20-100 ng/mL showed the summary sensitivity and specificity of 0.61 (95%CI 0.60-0.62) and 0.86 (95%CI 0.86-0.87), respectively. The AUC of SROC and Q index of 400 ng/mL threshold were 0.9368 and 0.8734, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in 200 ng/mL threshold (0.9311 and 0.8664, respectively) and higher than those in 20-100 ng/mL threshold (0.8330 and 0.7654, respectively). Furthermore, similar result that favored 400 ng/mL were shown in the threshold in terms of AFP combined with ultrasound. CONCLUSION: AFP levels in serum showed good accuracy in HCC diagnosis, and the threshold of AFP with 400 ng/mL was better than that of 200 ng/mL in terms of sensitivity and specificity no matter AFP is used alone or combined with ultrasound.

2.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2020 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31919749

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 48-week course of adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) plus Chinese medicine (CM) therapy, namely Tiaogan Jianpi Hexue () and Tiaogan Jiedu Huashi () fomulae, in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive Chinese patients. METHODS: A total of 605 HBeAg-positive Chinese CHB patients were screened and 590 eligible participants were randomly assigned to 2 groups in 1:1 ratio including experimental group (EG, received ADV plus CM) and control group (CG, received ADV plus CM-placebo) for 48 weeks. The major study outcomes were the rates of HBeAg and HBV-DNA loss on week 12, 24, 36, 48, respectively. Secondary endpoints including liver functions (enzymes and bilirubin readings) were evaluated every 4 weeks at the beginning of week 24, 36, and 48. Routine blood, urine, and stool analyses in addition to electrocardiogram and abdominal B scan were monitored as safety evaluations. Adverse events (AEs) were documented. RESULTS: The combination therapy demonstrated superior HBeAg loss at 48 weeks, without additional AEs. The full analysis population was 560 and 280 in each group. In the EG, population achieved HBeAg loss on week 12, 24, 36, and 48 were 25 (8.90%), 34 (12.14%), 52 (18.57%), and 83 (29.64%), respectively; the equivalent numbers in the CG were 20 (7.14%), 41 (14.64%), 54 (19.29%), and 50 (17.86%), respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between these group values on week 48 (P<0.01). No additional AEs were found in EG. Subgroup analysis suggested different outcomes among treatment patterns. CONCLUSION: Combination of CM and ADV therapy demonstrated superior HBeAg clearance compared with ADV monotherapy. The finding indicates that this combination therapy may provide an improved therapeutic effect and safety profile (ChiCTR-TRC-11001263).

3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(14): 2943-2946, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602837

RESUMO

Hugan Tablets is a Chinese patent medicine,it has the function of anti-inflammation and reducing transaminase. Based on questionnaire investigation of doctors and a systematic review of research literature on Hugan Tablets,using international clinical practice guidelines' developing methods,with the best available evidence and fully combining expert experience,and following the principle of " evidence-based,consensus-based and experience-based",Expert consensus statement on Hugan Tablets in clinical practice was developed by more than 30 multidisciplinary experts from the nationwide,aimed at guiding and standardizing the rational use of Hugan Tablets by clinicians and to improve clinical efficacy and safety. The expert consensus adopts internationally recognized recommendation criteria for classification of evidence: GRADE. The formation of expert consensus adopts the nominal group technique. Six main considerations are quality of evidence,curative effect,safety,economical efficiency,patient acceptability and other factors. If there is sufficient evidence,a " recommendation" is formed,using GRADE grid voting rule. If there isn' t sufficient evidence,a " consensus opinion" is formed,using majority counting rule. Focus on the indication,usage and dosage,drug use in special population and safety of Hugan Tablets,two recommendations and eight consensus opinions were put forward. Through expert meetings and correspondence,a nationwide consultation and peer review was conducted. This consensus applies to clinicians in hospitals and grass-roots health services,to provide guidance and reference for the rational use of Hugan Tablets.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Consenso , Humanos , Medicamentos sem Prescrição , Comprimidos
5.
Chin J Integr Med ; 24(9): 653-660, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30209792

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The domestic prevalence of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in China is 7.18% in 2006, imposing great societal healthcare burdens. Nucleot(s)ide analogues (NUCs) anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) therapies are widely applied despite the relatively low rate of seroconversion and high risk of drug-resistant mutation. More effective treatments for CHB deserve further explorations. Combined therapy of NUCs plus Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) is widely accepted in China, which is recognized as a prospective alternative approach. The study was primarily designed to confirm the hypothesis that Tiaogan-Yipi Granule (, TGYP) or Tiaogan-Jianpi-Jiedu Granule (, TGJPJD) plus entecavir tablet (ETV) was superior over ETV monotherapy in enhancing HBeAg loss rate. METHODS: The study was a nationwide, large-scale, multi-center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial with a designed duration of 108 weeks. A total of 16 hospitals and 596 eligible Chinese HBeAg positive CHB patients were enrolled from November 2012 to September 2013 and randomly allocated into 2 groups in 1:1 ratio via central randomization system: experimental group (EG) and control group (CG). Subjects in EG received CM formulae (TGYP or TGJPJD, 50 g per dose, twice daily) plus ETV tablet (or ETV placebo) 0.5 mg per day in the first 24 weeks (stage 1), and CHM granule plus ETV tablet (0.5 mg per day) from week 25 to 108 (stage 2). Subjects in CG received CHM Granule placebo plus ETV tablet (0.5 mg per day) for 108 weeks throughout the trial. The assessments of primary outcomes (HBV serum markers and HBV-DNA) were conducted by a third-party College of American Pathologists (CAP) qualified laboratory. Adverse effects were observed in the hospitals of recruitment. DISCUSSION: The study was designed to compare the curative effect of CM plus ETV and ETV monotherapy in respect of HBeAg loss, which is recognized by the European Association for the Study of the Liver as "a valuable endpoint". We believe this trial could provide a reliable status for patients' "journey" towards durable responses after treatment discontinuation. The trial was registered before recruitment on Chinese Clinical trial registry (No. ChiCTR-TRC-12002784, Version 1.0, 2015/12/23).


Assuntos
Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Guanina/análogos & derivados , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Guanina/administração & dosagem , Hepatite B Crônica/imunologia , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(34): e11950, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30142817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Chronic hepatitis B (HBV) and C virus (HCV) infection causes liver cancer. This protocol is to provide the methods used to assess the relationship between statins and HCC risk in hepatitis B or C patients. METHODS: We will search comprehensively the PubMed (medline), Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database from their inception to November 2017. We will include studies that evaluated and clearly defined exposure to statins, reported the HCC incidence in hepatitis B/C patients or HBV/HCV-related cirrhosis patients, provided effective comparison groups, and reported risk estimates, such as hazard ratios, relative risks, or odds ratios with corresponding 95% confidence intervals or sufficient data for their estimation. We will use Stata (version 15.0) to compute the data synthesis carefully when a meta-analysis is allowed. RESULTS: This study will provide a high-quality synthesis of current evidence of statins on HCC risk in hepatitis B or C patients. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of our systematic review will provide evidence to judge whether statin is an effective intervention for hepatitis B or C patients.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/virologia , Hepatite B/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite C/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/virologia , Adulto , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Protocolos Clínicos , Feminino , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite C/complicações , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 97(17): e0526, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29703024

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) is a subclinical state of hepatic encephalopathy with the possibility of developing into overt hepatic encephalopathy (OHE) and having adverse outcomes. However, no preventative medicine for MHE has been recommended so far. The aim is to evaluate the therapeutic effect of the JianPi HuaZhuo XingNao formula (JPHZXN) on MHE, specifically whether JPHZXN decreases OHE occurrence, through a randomized controlled trial. METHOD: Seventy-two patients with MHE are enrolled and allocated in a 1:1 ratio in an experimental group and a control group. JPHZXN granules and placebos are dispatched to the experimental group and control group, respectively, for 24 weeks. The primary outcome is the incidence of developing OHE. The secondary outcomes are the patients' performances in number connection test A and the digital sign test as well as results from the health survey and chronic liver disease questionnaire. RESULTS: This study will provide proof regarding the therapeutic effect of JPHZXN among patients with MHE. CONCLUSION: The outcomes could grant clinicians an alternative choice when treating potentially progressive patients with MHE.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Encefalopatia Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Qualidade de Vida , Projetos de Pesquisa , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29138645

RESUMO

Objective: This aim is to evaluate the effect of Sijunzi decoction (SJZD) treating chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG). Methods: We performed searches in seven databases. The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing SJZD with standard medical care or inactive intervention for CAG were enrolled. Combined therapy of SJZD plus conventional therapies compared with conventional therapies alone was also retrieved. The primary outcome included the incidence of gastric cancer and the improvement of atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, and dysplasia based on the gastroscopy and pathology. The secondary outcomes were Helicobacter pylori clearance rate, quality of life, and adverse event/adverse drug reaction. Results: Six RCTs met the inclusion criteria. The research quality was low in the trials. For the overall effect rate, pooled analysis from 4 trials showed that modified SJZD plus conventional medications exhibited a significant improvement (OR = 4.86; 95% CI: 2.80 to 8.44; P < 0.00001) and without significant heterogeneity compared with the conventional medications alone. None reported the adverse effect. Conclusions: Modified SJZD combined with conventional western medicines appears to have benefits for CAG. Due to the limited number and methodological flaw, the beneficial and harmful effects of SJZD for CAG could not be identified. More high-quality clinical trials are needed to confirm the results.

9.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2016 Dec 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27933509

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of Shuanghu Qinggan Granule ( , SQG) plus Yigan Yiqi Jieyu Granule (, YYJG) combined with lamivudine (LAM) on chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. METHODS: The study was a multicenter, randomized, double-blinded and parallel controlled trial. A total of 320 patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups equally: 160 patients (treatment group) were given SQG and YYJG combined with LAM; and 160 patients (control group) were given LAM plus Chinese herb placebo, respectively. Liver functions, hepatitis B envelop antigen (HBeAg) titer levels, and hepatitis B virus DNA (HBV-DNA) load were monitored. RESULTS: (1) In the 48th week, the treatment group showed superior HBeAg seroconversion rate than that in the control group (38.0% vs. 24.0%, P<0.05). (2) In the 48th week, the treatment group demonstrated lower HBeAg titer than that in the control group (P<0.05). (3) In the 12th, 24th, 48th week, there was no statistical significance in HBV-DNA response rate between the two groups. (4) In the 12th week, the level of glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT) was significantly decreased in the treatment group compared with the control group (P<0.05); in the 36th week, the levels of alanine aminotransferase and aspartate transaminase were significantly lower in the treatment group than those in the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The protocol of SQG and YYJG combined with LAM to treat CHB showed superior efficacy than LAM monotherapy.

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