Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 10 de 10
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2021 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33420869

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate abnormally methylated-differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and their related pathways in osteoarthritis (OA) by comprehensive bioinformatic analysis. METHODS: Gene expression profiles of GSE51588 and GSE114007, and a gene methylation microarray data GSE63695 were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) repository. Abnormally methylated DEGs were identified. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses of these genes were subsequently performed using the Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery (DAVID). The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was built from STRING. Module analysis and hub gene identification were performed by using Cytoscape. Co-expression analysis was also constructed using the CEMiTool package. RESULTS: In total, 133 abnormally methylated DEGs were identified, including 85 hypomethylation high-expression genes and 48 hypermethylation low-expression genes. Among biological processes and KEGG pathways of abnormally methylated DEGs, collagen fibril organization was enriched most frequently, and pathways of oxidative stress and aging were enriched, including HIF-1 signaling pathway, AMPK signaling pathway, and FoxO signaling pathway. In PPI networks, the hub genes of hypomethylation high-expression genes were COL1A1, COL3A1, COL1A2, COL5A2, LUM, MMP2, SPARC, COL2A1, COL6A2, and COL7A1, and the hub genes of hypermethylation low-expression genes were VEGFA, SLC2A1, LDHA, PDK1, and BNIP3. Combined with co-expression analysis, COL3A1, LUM, and MMP2 were the critical hypomethylation high-expression hub genes in medial tibia subchondral bone. CONCLUSIONS: Our study implied abnormally methylated DEGs and dysregulated pathways in OA. Common methylation biomarkers included COL3A1, LUM, and MMP2, and we also found that THBS2 may serve as a novel biomarker in end-stage OA. Key Points • Abnormally methylated differentially expressed genes regulate osteoarthritis. • Hypomethylation high-expression genes were related to the extracellular matrix. • Hypermethylation low-expression genes were related to oxidative stress and aging. • COL3A1, LUM, and MMP2 were potential methylation biomarkers for osteoarthritis.

2.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 508, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33153464

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perioperative hyperglycemia is a risk factor for postoperative complications after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). However, the variability of fasting blood glucose (FBG) after TJA remains unknown. We aimed to assess the fluctuation and extent of elevation of FBG following primary or revision TJA. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the medical records of 1788 patients who underwent primary or revision TJA between 2013 and 2018. We examined FBG values collected during 6 days of the perioperative period. The findings for each time point were evaluated with descriptive statistics. Postoperative glycemic variability was assessed by the coefficient of variation (CV). RESULTS: The final cohort included the medical records of 1480 patients (1417 primary and 63 revision). FBG was highest on postoperative day 1 in the primary and revision groups (P < 0.001), which had the highest number of hyperglycemic patients (FBG > 100 mg/dL), with 66.4% and 75.5% in the primary and revision groups, respectively. The CV of diabetics in the primary group, and diabetics and non-diabetics in the revision group, was higher than that of non-diabetics in the primary group. CONCLUSION: Postoperative day 1 showed the highest FBG levels and proportion of patients with hyperglycemia in the perioperative period. Primary group diabetics, and revision group diabetics and non-diabetics, had higher postoperative fluctuation of FBG than primary group non-diabetics. Frequent FBG monitoring may therefore be warranted in diabetic patients undergoing TJA, and all patients undergoing revision TJA.

3.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 15(1): 459, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) has been increasingly documented; however, its preoperative accurate diagnosis remains challenging. Furthermore, there is a dire need to identify appropriate and effective biomarkers. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between globulin, albumin to globulin (A/G) ratio, and development of PJI in patients undergoing revision total joint arthroplasty (TJA). METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients who had undergone revision TJA between 2011 and 2018 (89 with aseptic mechanic failure and 38 with PJI). The serum proteins were explored using univariate analysis followed by multivariate logistic regression. The diagnostic performance of these proteins was assessed by the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: Higher globulin levels (odds ratio [OR], 1.239; P < 0.001) and lower A/G ratio (OR, 0.007; P < 0.001) were strongly associated with the risk of PJI. ROC curve analysis demonstrated reasonable diagnostic performance for globulin (area under the curve [AUC], 0.77; sensitivity, 78.95%; and specificity, 69.66%) and A/G ratio (AUC, 0.779; sensitivity, 65.79%; and specificity, 78.65%). CONCLUSIONS: Both globulin and A/G ratio were associated with PJI and may serve as potential adjuvant biomarkers in the diagnosis of PJI.

4.
Mol Genet Genomic Med ; 8(10): e1453, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Congenital scoliosis (CS) is a spinal deformity due to vertebral malformations. Although insufficiency of TBX6 dosage contributes to a substantial proportion of CS, the molecular etiology for the majority of CS remains largely unknown. TBX6-mediated genes involved in the process of somitogenesis represent promising candidates. METHODS: Individuals affected with CS and without a positive genetic finding were referred to this study. Proband-only exome sequencing (ES) were performed on the recruited individuals, followed by analysis of TBX6-mediated candidate genes, namely MEOX1, MEOX2, MESP2, MYOD1, MYF5, RIPPLY1, and RIPPLY2. RESULTS: A total of 584 patients with CS of unknown molecular etiology were recruited. After ES analysis, protein-truncating variants in RIPPLY1 and MYF5 were identified from two individuals, respectively. In addition, we identified five deleterious missense variants (MYOD1, n = 4; RIPPLY2, n = 1) in TBX6-mediated genes. We observed a significant mutational burden of MYOD1 in CS (p = 0.032) compared with the in-house controls (n = 1854). Moreover, a potential oligogenic disease-causing mode was proposed based on the observed mutational co-existence of MYOD1/MEOX1 and MYOD1/RIPPLY1. CONCLUSION: Our study characterized the mutational spectrum of TBX6-mediated genes, prioritized core candidate genes/variants, and provided insight into a potential oligogenic disease-causing mode in CS.

5.
J Med Genet ; 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381727

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early-onset scoliosis (EOS), defined by an onset age of scoliosis less than 10 years, conveys significant health risk to affected children. Identification of the molecular aetiology underlying patients with EOS could provide valuable information for both clinical management and prenatal screening. METHODS: In this study, we consecutively recruited a cohort of 447 Chinese patients with operative EOS. We performed exome sequencing (ES) screening on these individuals and their available family members (totaling 670 subjects). Another cohort of 13 patients with idiopathic early-onset scoliosis (IEOS) from the USA who underwent ES was also recruited. RESULTS: After ES data processing and variant interpretation, we detected molecular diagnostic variants in 92 out of 447 (20.6%) Chinese patients with EOS, including 8 patients with molecular confirmation of their clinical diagnosis and 84 patients with molecular diagnoses of previously unrecognised diseases underlying scoliosis. One out of 13 patients with IEOS from the US cohort was molecularly diagnosed. The age at presentation, the number of organ systems involved and the Cobb angle were the three top features predictive of a molecular diagnosis. CONCLUSION: ES enabled the molecular diagnosis/classification of patients with EOS. Specific clinical features/feature pairs are able to indicate the likelihood of gaining a molecular diagnosis through ES.

6.
J Biomed Mater Res A ; 108(9): 1792-1805, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32198815

RESUMO

Chronic inflammation and infection in the tissue surrounding implants after total joint replacement is closely associated with the innate immune response to surgical implants. Wear particles are known to increase apoptosis and impair the innate immunity in macrophages, which can cause immunosuppression around the implants. Excessive autophagy can induce apoptosis. However, the link between autophagy and apoptosis in macrophages during chronic inflammation and infection remains unknown. In this study, we investigated the autophagy and apoptosis induced by titanium particles in RAW264.7 macrophages, and in the interface membrane of patients with late-onset periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). We found that titanium particles stimulated autophagy and apoptosis in macrophages. Inhibition of autophagy significantly reduced titanium particle-induced apoptosis in macrophages, which may be related to the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. The secretion of inflammatory factors, such as IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α, decreased after inhibition of autophagy in titanium particle-stimulated macrophages, which may be caused by immune dysfunction due to titanium particle-induced autophagy and apoptosis in macrophages. Furthermore, our in vivo mouse calvarial model also showed that autophagy inhibitors lowered the rate of cell apoptosis. Our findings indicate that wear particle-induced apoptosis may be caused by enhanced autophagy in macrophages, which could potentially impair the local innate immunity in periprosthetic tissues and could be a risk factor for PJI. Based on these results, autophagy modulators may act as a new therapeutic option for PJI.

7.
Hum Mutat ; 41(1): 182-195, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471994

RESUMO

Congenital scoliosis (CS) is a birth defect with variable clinical and anatomical manifestations due to spinal malformation. The genetic etiology underlying about 10% of CS cases in the Chinese population is compound inheritance by which the gene dosage is reduced below that of haploinsufficiency. In this genetic model, the trait manifests as a result of the combined effect of a rare variant and common pathogenic variant allele at a locus. From exome sequencing (ES) data of 523 patients in Asia and two patients in Texas, we identified six TBX6 gene-disruptive variants from 11 unrelated CS patients via ES and in vitro functional testing. The in trans mild hypomorphic allele was identified in 10 of the 11 subjects; as anticipated these 10 shared a similar spinal deformity of hemivertebrae. The remaining case has a homozygous variant in TBX6 (c.418C>T) and presents a more severe spinal deformity phenotype. We found decreased transcriptional activity and abnormal cellular localization as the molecular mechanisms for TBX6 missense loss-of-function alleles. Expanding the mutational spectrum of TBX6 pathogenic alleles enabled an increased molecular diagnostic detection rate, provided further evidence for the gene dosage-dependent genetic model underlying CS, and refined clinical classification.

8.
J Hum Genet ; 65(3): 221-230, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31827250

RESUMO

Congenital scoliosis (CS) is a form of scoliosis caused by congenital vertebral malformations. Genetic predisposition has been demonstrated in CS. We previously reported that TBX6 loss-of-function causes CS in a compound heterozygous model; however, this model can explain only 10% of CS. Many monogenic and polygenic CS genes remain to be elucidated. In this study, we analyzed exome sequencing (ES) data of 615 Chinese CS from the Deciphering Disorders Involving Scoliosis and COmorbidities (DISCO) project. Cosegregation studies for 103 familial CS identified a novel heterozygous nonsense variant, c.2649G>A (p.Trp883Ter) in FBN1. The association between FBN1 and CS was then analyzed by extracting FBN1 variants from ES data of 574 sporadic CS and 828 controls; 30 novel variants were identified and prioritized for further analyses. A mutational burden test showed that the deleterious FBN1 variants were significantly enriched in CS subjects (OR = 3.9, P = 0.03 by Fisher's exact test). One missense variant, c.2613A>C (p.Leu871Phe) was recurrent in two unrelated CS subjects, and in vitro functional experiments for the variant suggest that FBN1 may contribute to CS by upregulating the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) signaling. Our study expanded the phenotypic spectrum of FBN1, and provided nove insights into the genetic etiology of CS.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/genética , Fibrilina-1/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Escoliose/genética , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Códon sem Sentido/genética , Anormalidades Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Anormalidades Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Exoma/genética , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Mutação , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto/genética , Linhagem , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Escoliose/fisiopatologia , Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Coluna Vertebral/fisiopatologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética
9.
Gene ; 688: 215-220, 2019 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30572100

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: PAX1 has been identified to be associated with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). However, data are unavailable for northern Chinese populations, and it is important to determine the exact clinical phenotypes of the associated genetic polymorphisms. METHODS: Five PAX1 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci were genotyped in 480 northern Chinese Han AIS patients and 841 controls. A stratified genotype-phenotype correlation analysis was conducted based on positive SNP loci and the Peking Union Medical College (PUMC) classification system. Luciferase assays were performed to determine the regulation of PAX1 transcriptional activity. RESULTS: The A allele of rs17861031 and the G allele of rs6137473 were significantly associated with AIS [p = 0.05 and 3.12 × 10-3, odds ratio (OR) = 0.78 and 1.30, respectively]. Moreover, rs17861031 may regulate the PAX1 gene. The A allele of rs17861031 was identified as a risk allele for PUMC type I AIS (p = 0.03), and the G allele of rs6137473 was identified as a risk allele for PUMC type II AIS (p = 1.90 × 10-3). CONCLUSIONS: Both rs17861031 and rs6137473 were significantly associated with AIS and different PUMC classifications of AIS in a northern Chinese Han population.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Box Pareados/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Escoliose/genética , Adolescente , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Estudos de Associação Genética/métodos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Fenótipo
10.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2017: 4879836, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29081829

RESUMO

Proximal humeral fractures are common and most challenging, due to the complexity of the glenohumeral joint, especially in the geriatric population with impacted fractures, that the development of implants continues because currently the problems with their fixation are not solved. Pre-, intra-, and postoperative assessments are crucial in management of those patients. Finite element analysis, as one of the valuable tools, has been implemented as an effective and noninvasive method to analyze proximal humeral fractures, providing solid evidence for management of troublesome patients. However, no review article about the applications and effects of finite element analysis in assessing proximal humeral fractures has been reported yet. This review article summarized the applications, contribution, and clinical significance of finite element analysis in assessing proximal humeral fractures. Furthermore, the limitations of finite element analysis, the difficulties of more realistic simulation, and the validation and also the creation of validated FE models were discussed. We concluded that although some advancements in proximal humeral fractures researches have been made by using finite element analysis, utility of this powerful tool for routine clinical management and adequate simulation requires more state-of-the-art studies to provide evidence and bases.


Assuntos
Análise de Elementos Finitos , Fraturas do Ombro/fisiopatologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Biologia Computacional , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Conceitos Matemáticos , Modelos Anatômicos , Modelos Biológicos , Fraturas do Ombro/cirurgia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...