Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 155
Filtrar
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507481

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Allostatic load (AL), a composite index, has been used to capture variation in life-course stresses. However, few studies have been carried out among breast cancer patients. METHODS: In this study, we examined the cross-sectional association of AL with demographics, healthy behaviors, tumor characteristics, and mitochondrial DNA copy number in breast cancer patients. The study used a sub-sample of 934 women with newly diagnosed breast cancer at M.D. Anderson from 2013 to 2018. To construct the AL score, the study used a battery of seventeen factors that represents the activity of five physiological systems: metabolic, cardiovascular, immunological, renal, and liver. RESULTS: AL was positively associated with the age of disease diagnosis (P = 0.002), and was higher in Black and Hispanic populations than White (P = 0.001 and 0.032, respectively). AL was also found more abundant in those who experienced marital dissolution (P = 0.006), lacked a college education (P = 0.045), currently smoked (P = 0.011), and had low levels of physical activity (P = 0.037) than their counterparts. The study then found that higher AL was associated with increased odds of having poorly differentiated tumors (Odds ratio (OR): 1.40, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.28, 1.62). An additional significant association was observed between AL with estrogen receptor negative (ER-) (OR = 1.56, 95%CI: 1.02, 2.36) among Black patients. Finally, we observed a significant positive correlation between AL with leukocyte mitochondrial DNA copy number variation (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We conclude AL is influenced by selected demographics and healthy behaviors, and further is correlated with tumor characteristics and mitochondrial DNA copy number in breast cancer patients.

2.
Lung Cancer ; 152: 58-65, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33352384

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The relationship between Body-Mass-Index (BMI) and lung cancer prognosis is heterogeneous. We evaluated the impact of sex, smoking and race on the relationship between BMI and overall survival (OS) in non-small-cell-lung-cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Data from 16 individual ILCCO studies were pooled to assess interactions between BMI and the following factors on OS: self-reported race, smoking status and sex, using Cox models (adjusted hazard ratios; aHR) with interaction terms and adjusted penalized smoothing spline plots in stratified analyses. RESULTS: Among 20,937 NSCLC patients with BMI values, females = 47 %; never-smokers = 14 %; White-patients = 76 %. BMI showed differential survival according to race whereby compared to normal-BMI patients, being underweight was associated with poor survival among white patients (OS, aHR = 1.66) but not among black patients (aHR = 1.06; pinteraction = 0.02). Comparing overweight/obese to normal weight patients, Black NSCLC patients who were overweight/obese also had relatively better OS (pinteraction = 0.06) when compared to White-patients. BMI was least associated with survival in Asian-patients and never-smokers. The outcomes of female ever-smokers at the extremes of BMI were associated with worse outcomes in both the underweight (pinteraction<0.001) and obese categories (pinteraction = 0.004) relative to the normal-BMI category, when compared to male ever-smokers. CONCLUSION: Underweight and obese female ever-smokers were associated with worse outcomes in White-patients. These BMI associations were not observed in Asian-patients and never-smokers. Black-patients had more favorable outcomes in the extremes of BMI when compared to White-patients. Body composition in Black-patients, and NSCLC subtypes more commonly seen in Asian-patients and never-smokers, may account for differences in these BMI-OS relationships.

3.
Obes Res Clin Pract ; 14(6): 548-553, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33121895

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In previous epigenome-wide association studies, Hypoxia inducible Factor 3 Alpha Subunit (HIF3A) DNA methylation has been reported to be associated with body mass index (BMI) and weight change. However, none of these studies have included Mexican Americans. METHODS: In the current study, we assessed levels of HIF3A methylation in 927 Mexican American women identified from Mano-A-Mano, the Mexican American Cohort study. RESULTS: Significantly higher methylation levels at three CpG sites (position 46801557, 46801642, and 46801699) were observed in obese women compared to non-obese women (P < 0.05). Furthermore, we found that elevated methylation levels at those three CpG sites were associated with significant weight gain (P < 0.05), defined as an increase in BMI by at least one category between the baseline and the follow-up, with a median follow-up time of 39 months. Then, using pre-diagnostic blood DNA samples, we found increased DNA methylation at CpG 46801642 to be associated with a 1.35-fold increased risk of breast cancer (Hazard Ratio (HR) = 1.35, 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 1.02, 3.01), with a median follow-up time of 127 months. Using the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data, we further found that levels of HIF3A were significantly higher-methylated and down-regulated in breast tumor than in normal tissues (P < 1 × 1012 for both). CONCLUSION: Thus, our results provide evidence to support the role of HIF3A in obesity, weight gain, and the development of breast cancer.

4.
Cancer Epidemiol ; 69: 101826, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010726

RESUMO

In our previous breast cancer case control study in Hispanics, we found 14 metabolites whose levels differed between cases and controls. To validate the results, we carried out a nested case control study of 100 incident breast cancer and 100 matched healthy women identified from the Mano-A-Mano Mexican American Cohort study. With the adjustment of parity, education, birth place, language acculturation, BMI category, smoking, drinking, physical activity, and sitting time, 4 metabolites were associated with breast cancer risk: 3-hydroxyoctanoate (Odds ratio (OR) = 1.51, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.10, 3.47), 3-hydroxybutyrate (BHBA) (OR = 1.42, 95%CI: 1.01, 3.72), linoleate (18:2n6) (OR = 1.39, 95% CI: 1.07, 4.04), and bilirubin (OR = 0.54, 95%CI: 0.42, 0.95). Then, we used 3 non-redundant metabolites, namely 3-hydroxyoctanoate, linoleate (18:2n6), and bilirubin, to generate a metabolic risk score. Increased metabolites risk score was associated with a 1.67-fold increased risk of breast cancer (OR = 1.67, 95%CI: 1.32, 3.94). And the significant association was more evident among those who were diagnosed with cancer earlier during the follow-up (≤ 5 years) than their counterparts. In conclusion, we identified four significant metabolites which may help elucidate metabolic pathways that contribute to breast carcinogenesis. Our findings warrant further replication efforts.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909077

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical predictors and biological mechanisms for localized prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes remain mostly unknown. We aim to evaluate the role of serum immune-checkpoint-related (ICK) proteins and genetic variations in predicting outcomes of localized PCa. METHODS: We profiled the serum levels of 14 ICK-related proteins (BTLA, GITR, HVEM, IDO, LAG-3, PD-1, PD-L1, PD-L2, Tim-3, CD28, CD80, 4-1BB, CD27, and CTLA-4) in 190 patients with localized PCa. The genotypes of 97 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 19 ICK-related genes were analyzed in an extended population (N = 1762). Meta-data from ArrayExpress and TCGA was employed to validate and to probe functional data. Patients were enrolled and tumor aggressiveness, biochemical recurrence (BCR), and progression information were obtained. Statistical analyses were performed analyzing associations between serum biomarkers, genotypes, mRNA and outcomes. RESULTS: We showed that serum (s)BTLA and sTIM3 levels were associated with PCa aggressiveness (P < 0.05). sCD28, sCD80, sCTLA4, sGITR, sHVEM and sIDO correlated with both BCR and progression risks (all P < 0.05). We further identified ICK variants were significantly associated with aggressiveness, BCR and progression. Among them, 4 SNPs located in CD80 (rs7628626, rs12695388, rs491407, rs6804441) were not only associated with BCR and progression risk, but also correlated with sCD80 level (P < 0.01). rs491407 was further validated in an independent cohort. The CD80 mRNA expression was associated with BCR (HR, 1.85, 95% CI 1.06-3.22, P = 0.03) in meta-analysis of validation cohorts. CONCLUSION: We highlight the prognostic value of serum ICK-related proteins for predicting aggressiveness, BCR and progression of PCa. The genetic variations and mRNA expression in CD80 could be predictors and potential targets of localized PCa.

6.
J Immunother Cancer ; 8(2)2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent advances in T cell-related immunotherapy have brought remarkable progress in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, whether and how genetic variations of T cell cancer immune response genes can influence clinical outcomes of NSCLC patients remain obscure. METHODS: In this multiphase study, we assessed 2450 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 280 T cell cancer immune response-related genes in 941 early-stage NSCLC patients (discovery n=536; validation n=405) to analyze the variants' associations with outcomes and to observe the effects on T cell phenotypes. RESULTS: We found 14 SNPs in 10 genes were associated with NSCLC outcomes (p<0.05) in both phases. Among them, TRB:rs1964986 was the most significant variant associated with recurrence risk after meta-analysis (HR 1.84, 95% CI 1.35 to 2.52, p=1.15E-04), while IDO1:rs10108662 was the most significant SNP associated with death risk (HR 1.87, 95% CI 1.40 to 2.51, p=2.17E-05). Analysis of unfavorable genotypes indicated cumulative effects on death and recurrence risks. Seven treatment-specific variants were found to predict opposite outcomes in surgery-only and surgery-plus-chemotherapy subgroups. Expression quantitative trait loci analysis indicated that six SNPs significantly correlated with their corresponding gene expression. T cells from high-risk subjects displayed reduced degranulation (p=0.02) and decreased cytotoxicity against cancer cells (p<0.01). Gene expression profile indicated increased IDO1 expression and decreased IL2, PRF and GZMB expression in high-risk subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variations in T cell cancer immune response pathways can impact outcomes and may be served as predictors for treatment efficacy in early-stage NSCLC patients. The correlation between immune genotypes and T cell antitumor immunity suggests a biological link between host immune genetics and NSCLC prognosis.

7.
Qual Life Res ; 29(11): 2977-2986, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621260

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Racial disparities are evident in colorectal cancer (CRC) prognosis with black patients experiencing worse outcomes than Hispanics and whites, yet mediators of these disparities are not fully known. The aim of this study is to identify variables that contribute to racial/ethnic disparities in health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) and overall survival in CRC. METHODS: Using SF-12 questionnaires, we assessed HR-QoL in 1132 CRC patients by calculating their physical (PCS) and mental composite summary (MCS) scores. Associations between poor PCS/MCS and sociodemographic factors were estimated and survival differences were identified by race/ethnicity. RESULTS: Hispanic patients who never married were at greater risk of poor PCS (OR 2.69; 95% CI 1.11-6.49; P = 0.028) than were currently married patients. College education was associated with a decreased risk of poor PCS in Hispanic and white, but not black, patients. Gender was significantly associated with poor MCS among white patients only. CRC patients who reported a poor PCS or MCS had poor survival, with differences in median survival times (MSTs) by race. The effect of PCS was strongest in white CRC patients with a difference in overall MST of > 116 months between those with favorable versus poor physical HR-QoL. Black patients who reported poor Physical and Mental HR-QoL showed significant risk of a poor outcome. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that racial/ethnic disparities in CRC survival may be related to differences in HR-QoL. Identified mediators of HR-QoL could supplement current CRC management strategies to improve patients' survival.

8.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 5514, 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32251345

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.

9.
Carcinogenesis ; 41(8): 1057-1064, 2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32215555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a pivotal role in the progression of prostate cancer (PCa). However, little is known about genetic variants in the EMT pathway as predictors of aggressiveness, biochemical recurrence (BCR) and disease reclassification in localized PCa. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this multistage study, we evaluated 5186 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 264 genes related to EMT pathway to identify SNPs associated with PCa aggressiveness and BCR in the MD Anderson PCa (MDA-PCa) patient cohort (N = 1762), followed by assessment of the identified SNPs with disease reclassification in the active surveillance (AS) cohort (N = 392). RESULTS: In the MDA-PCa cohort, 312 SNPs were associated with high D'Amico risk (P < 0.05), among which, 14 SNPs in 10 genes were linked to BCR risk. In the AS cohort, 2 of 14 identified SNPs (rs76779889 and rs7083961) in C-terminal Binding Proteins 2 gene were associated with reclassification risk. The associations of rs76779889 with different endpoints were: D'Amico high versus low, odds ratio [95% confidence interval (CI)] = 2.89 (1.32-6.34), P = 0.008; BCR, hazard ratio (HR) (95% CI) = 2.88 (1.42-5.85), P = 0.003; and reclassification, HR (95% CI) = 2.83 (1.40-5.74), P = 0.004. For rs7083961, the corresponding risk estimates were: D'Amico high versus low, odds ratio (95% CI) = 1.69 (1.12-2.57), P = 0.013; BCR, HR (95% CI) = 1.87 (1.15-3.02), P = 0.011 and reclassification, HR (95% CI) = 1.72 (1.09-2.72), P = 0.020. There were cumulative effects of these two SNPs on modulating these endpoints. CONCLUSION: Genetic variants in EMT pathway may influence the risks of localized PCa's aggressiveness, BCR and disease reclassification, suggesting their potential role in the assessment and management of localized PCa.

10.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 603, 2020 01 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001676

RESUMO

Immunotherapy targeting T cells is increasingly utilized to treat solid tumors including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This requires a better understanding of the T cells in the lungs of patients with NSCLC. Here, we report T cell repertoire analysis in a cohort of 236 early-stage NSCLC patients. T cell repertoire attributes are associated with clinicopathologic features, mutational and immune landscape. A considerable proportion of the most prevalent T cells in tumors are also prevalent in the uninvolved tumor-adjacent lungs and appear specific to shared background mutations or viral infections. Patients with higher T cell repertoire homology between the tumor and uninvolved tumor-adjacent lung, suggesting a less tumor-focused T cell response, exhibit inferior survival. These findings indicate that a concise understanding of antigens and T cells in NSCLC is needed to improve therapeutic efficacy and reduce toxicity with immunotherapy, particularly adoptive T cell therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Células Clonais , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação/genética , Análise de Sobrevida
11.
Hum Mol Genet ; 29(1): 70-79, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600786

RESUMO

We previously identified five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) at four susceptibility loci for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in individuals of European ancestry through a large genome-wide association study (GWAS). To further elucidate genetic susceptibility to DLBCL, we sought to validate two loci at 3q13.33 and 3p24.1 that were suggestive in the original GWAS with additional genotyping. In the meta-analysis (5662 cases and 9237 controls) of the four original GWAS discovery scans and three replication studies, the 3q13.33 locus (rs9831894; minor allele frequency [MAF] = 0.40) was associated with DLBCL risk [odds ratio (OR) = 0.83, P = 3.62 × 10-13]. rs9831894 is in linkage disequilibrium (LD) with additional variants that are part of a super-enhancer that physically interacts with promoters of CD86 and ILDR1. In the meta-analysis (5510 cases and 12 817 controls) of the four GWAS discovery scans and four replication studies, the 3p24.1 locus (rs6773363; MAF = 0.45) was also associated with DLBCL risk (OR = 1.20, P = 2.31 × 10-12). This SNP is 29 426-bp upstream of the nearest gene EOMES and in LD with additional SNPs that are part of a highly lineage-specific and tumor-acquired super-enhancer that shows long-range interaction with AZI2 promoter. These loci provide additional evidence for the role of immune function in the etiology of DLBCL, the most common lymphoma subtype.

12.
J Immunother Cancer ; 7(1): 334, 2019 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors have achieved unprecedented success in cancer immunotherapy. With the exception of a few candidate biomarkers, the prognostic role of soluble immune checkpoint-related proteins in clear cell renal cell cancer (ccRCC) patients is largely uninvestigated. METHODS: We profiled the circulating levels of 14 immune checkpoint-related proteins panel (BTLA, GITR, HVEM, IDO, LAG-3, PD-1, PD-L1, PD-L2, Tim-3, CD28, CD80, CD137, CD27 and CTLA-4) and their associations with the risk of recurrence and death in 182 ccRCC patients using a multiplex Luminex assay. Gene expression in tumors from a subset of participating patients (n = 47) and another 533 primary ccRCC from TCGA were analyzed to elucidate potential mechanisms. Our primary endpoint is overall survival; secondary endpoint is recurrence-free survival. Multivariate Cox proportional hazard model, unconditional logistic regression model, and Kaplan-Meier analysis were applied in the study. RESULTS: sTIM3 and sLAG3 were significantly associated with advanced (stage III) disease (P < 0.05). sPD-L2 was the strongest predictor of recurrence (HR 2.51, 95%CI 1.46-4.34, P = 9.33E-04), whereas high sBTLA and sTIM3 was associated with decreased survival (HR 6.02, 95%CI 2.0-18.1, P = 1.39E-03 and HR 3.12, 95%CI 1.44-6.75, P = 3.94E-03, respectively). Risk scores based on sTIM3 and sBTLA indicated that the soluble immune checkpoint-related proteins jointly predicted recurrence and death risks of ccRCC (P = 0.01 and 4.44E-04, respectively). Moreover, sLAG3 and sCD28 were found negatively correlated with cytolytic activity of T cells in tumors (rho = -0.31 and - 0.33, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides evidence that soluble immune checkpoint-related proteins may associate with advanced disease, recurrence and survival in ccRCC patients, which highlights the prognostic values of soluble immune checkpoint-related proteins. Future independent validation in prospective studies is warranted.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma de Células Renais/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/sangue , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Fenótipo , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Renais/mortalidade , Citotoxicidade Imunológica , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Renais/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Recidiva
13.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 114(9): 1478-1487, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425154

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) are 2 commonly ordered liver function tests, and ALT has long been considered more liver-specific than AST. Between the 2, the one which is better in predicting liver or non-liver-related mortality remains unsettled. METHODS: The cohort, 416,122 adults, came from a self-paying comprehensive health surveillance program during 1994-2008 and was followed up till 2008. Mortality came from National Death Index, with 10,412 deaths identified. Hazard ratios (HRs), computed by Cox model, and life expectancy, by life table method, were presented for 5 levels of AST and ALT with elevated AST or ALT defined as ≥40 IU/L. Liver disease included liver cancer and other liver conditions. RESULTS: There were 3 times more elevated ALT (15.4%) than AST (5.7%). However, those with elevated AST had higher mortality for all-cause (HR = 2.44), for liver disease (HR = 27.2), and for liver cancer (HR = 47.6) than its ALT counterparts (HR = 1.69, 10.8, and 20.2, respectively). Elevated AST also lost more years of life expectancy (10.2) than those lost by ALT (5.2) and larger than most common risks. Elevated AST had increased mortality from all cancers (HR = 3.57), stroke (HR = 1.36), respiratory diseases (HR = 1.34), and injuries (HR = 1.82), other than just liver disease. All-cause mortality remained significantly increased, when high risk groups were excluded, such as frequent drinkers, hepatitis carriers, those died from nonmedical conditions, those died in the first 3 years, or advanced fibrosis index based on 4 factors or aspartate transaminase-to-platelet ratio index. Results were consistent between those returned for second visits and those analyzed in initial visits. DISCUSSION: Those with elevated AST (≥40 IU/L) had life expectancy cut short by 10.2 years, doubled the number of years lost with elevated ALT. For all-cause and for liver-related mortality, AST was an important predictor, better than ALT.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/metabolismo , Aspartato Aminotransferases/metabolismo , Expectativa de Vida , Hepatopatias/mortalidade , Adulto , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Humanos , Hepatopatias/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
14.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 9989, 2019 07 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31292496

RESUMO

C-peptide, insulin, leptin, and other metabolic hormones are assumed to play roles in breast cancer development; though, results are inconsistent. In this prospective case-control study nested within the Mano a Mano Cohort Study, we assessed the risk of breast cancer with regard to plasma levels of c-peptide, gastric inhibitory polypeptide, insulin, leptin, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, pancreatic polypeptide, and peptide YY. Among women followed for a median of 8.5 years, 109 breast cancer cases were identified and frequency-matched to 327 controls at a ratio of 1:3. Overall, only c-peptide was observed significantly associated with breast cancer risk. High c-peptide levels (≥ the median level of controls) were significantly associated with increased breast cancer risk (odds ratio [OR] = 1.39, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.01, 2.44). In an analysis of participants stratified by age, the significant association between c-peptide levels and breast cancer risk was evident in only women age ≥51 years (OR = 1.53, 95% CI: 1.02, 3.27). Among women age <51 years, high leptin levels were significantly associated with decreased breast cancer risk (OR = 0.49, 95% CI: 0.24, 0.82). Our findings suggest that selected metabolic hormones are associated with breast cancer development in Mexican American women.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Peptídeo C/sangue , Leptina/sangue , Americanos Mexicanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Quimiocina CCL2/sangue , Feminino , Polipeptídeo Inibidor Gástrico/sangue , Humanos , Insulina/sangue , Polipeptídeo Pancreático/sangue , Peptídeo YY/sangue , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Regulação para Cima
15.
Eur J Hum Genet ; 27(10): 1589-1598, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31231134

RESUMO

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has an undisputed genetic component and a stable 2:1 male to female sex ratio in its incidence across populations, suggesting possible sexual dimorphism in its genetic susceptibility. We conducted the first sex-specific genome-wide association analysis of RCC for men (3227 cases, 4916 controls) and women (1992 cases, 3095 controls) of European ancestry from two RCC genome-wide scans and replicated the top findings using an additional series of men (2261 cases, 5852 controls) and women (1399 cases, 1575 controls) from two independent cohorts of European origin. Our study confirmed sex-specific associations for two known RCC risk loci at 14q24.2 (DPF3) and 2p21(EPAS1). We also identified two additional suggestive male-specific loci at 6q24.3 (SAMD5, male odds ratio (ORmale) = 0.83 [95% CI = 0.78-0.89], Pmale = 1.71 × 10-8 compared with female odds ratio (ORfemale) = 0.98 [95% CI = 0.90-1.07], Pfemale = 0.68) and 12q23.3 (intergenic, ORmale = 0.75 [95% CI = 0.68-0.83], Pmale = 1.59 × 10-8 compared with ORfemale = 0.93 [95% CI = 0.82-1.06], Pfemale = 0.21) that attained genome-wide significance in the joint meta-analysis. Herein, we provide evidence of sex-specific associations in RCC genetic susceptibility and advocate the necessity of larger genetic and genomic studies to unravel the endogenous causes of sex bias in sexually dimorphic traits and diseases like RCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/epidemiologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Neoplasias Renais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Biologia Computacional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Fatores Sexuais
16.
J Thorac Oncol ; 14(9): 1594-1607, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163278

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The relationships between morbid obesity, changes in body mass index (BMI) before cancer diagnosis, and lung cancer outcomes by histology (SCLC and NSCLC) have not been well studied. METHODS: Individual level data analysis was performed on 25,430 patients with NSCLC and 2787 patients with SCLC from 16 studies of the International Lung Cancer Consortium evaluating the association between various BMI variables and lung cancer overall survival, reported as adjusted hazard ratios (aHRs) from Cox proportional hazards models and adjusted penalized smoothing spline plots. RESULTS: Overall survival of NSCLC had putative U-shaped hazard ratio relationships with BMI based on spline plots: being underweight (BMI < 18.5 kg/m2; aHR = 1.56; 95% confidence interval [CI]:1.43-1.70) or morbidly overweight (BMI > 40 kg/m2; aHR = 1.09; 95% CI: 0.95-1.26) at the time of diagnosis was associated with worse stage-specific prognosis, whereas being overweight (25 kg/m2 ≤ BMI < 30 kg/m2; aHR = 0.89; 95% CI: 0.85-0.95) or obese (30 kg/m2 ≤ BMI ≤ 40 kg/m2; aHR = 0.86; 95% CI: 0.82-0.91) was associated with improved survival. Although not significant, a similar pattern was seen with SCLC. Compared with an increased or stable BMI from the period between young adulthood until date of diagnosis, a decreased BMI was associated with worse outcomes in NSCLC (aHR = 1.24; 95% CI: 1.2-1.3) and SCLC patients (aHR=1.26 (95% CI: 1.0-1.6). Decreased BMI was consistently associated with worse outcome, across clinicodemographic subsets. CONCLUSIONS: Both being underweight or morbidly obese at time of diagnosis is associated with lower stage-specific survival in independent assessments of NSCLC and SCLC patients. In addition, a decrease in BMI at lung cancer diagnosis relative to early adulthood is a consistent marker of poor survival.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
17.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 176(3): 697, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154579

RESUMO

In the original publication of the article, the sixth author name Krita A. Zanetti was mistakenly included as co-author. The corrected author group is given in the correction article. The original article has been corrected.

18.
Carcinogenesis ; 40(10): 1191-1197, 2019 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31001636

RESUMO

Obesity is one of modifiable risk factors for clear cell renal cell cancer (ccRCC). We aim to identify the association between obesity-driven biomarkers and ccRCC risk. This is a retrospective, two-phase, case-control study involving 682 cases and 733 controls. Obesity-driven biomarkers [gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP), C-peptide, insulin, resistin, adipsin, peptide YY, pancreatic polypeptide, interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1, lipocalin2, leptin, adiponectin] were measured using the Milliplex method. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the associations between biomarkers and ccRCC risk. Results revealed that GIP, C-peptide, IL-6 and TNF-α levels were consistently distinct between cases and controls. These markers were significantly associated with ccRCC risk in both phases (except C-peptide). In the combined population, compared with individuals with low levels of the biomarkers, individuals with high level of GIP [odds ratio (OR) = 0.52, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.40-0.67] had lower risk, whereas individuals with high levels of C-peptide (OR = 1.46, 95% CI: 1.15-1.87), IL-6 (OR = 2.20, 95% CI: 1.50-3.22), TNF-α (OR = 1.90, 95% CI: 1.49-2.43) had significantly higher risk. Stratified analysis showed consistent associations with ccRCC risk in most subgroups (P < 0.05). The risk score based on the IL-6, TNF-α and GIP was positively associated with ccRCC risk in a dose-response manner (P for trend = 2.18E-13). Data from The Cancer Genome Atlas indicate that insulin signaling, IL-6 signaling and TNF-α signaling were enhanced in tumors. Collectively, our study demonstrates the integrative effect of insulin resistance and inflammation in ccRCC development, which may elucidate the basis of association between obesity and carcinogenesis. Further confirmation in prospective cohort studies are warranted for clinical applications in prevention and precision medicine of ccRCC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Citocinas/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Obesidade/complicações , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Renais/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Renais/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Neoplasias Renais/sangue , Neoplasias Renais/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/sangue , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
J Neurosurg ; : 1-11, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30835694

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: As imaging technology has improved, more unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) are detected incidentally. However, there is limited information regarding how UIAs change over time to provide stratified, patient-specific UIA follow-up management. The authors sought to enrich understanding of the natural history of UIAs and identify basic UIA growth trajectories, that is, the speed at which various UIAs increase in size. METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2015, 382 patients diagnosed with UIAs (n = 520) were followed up at UCLA Medical Center through serial imaging. UIA characteristics and patient-specific variables were studied to identify risk factors associated with aneurysm growth and create a predicted aneurysm trajectory (PAT) model to differentiate aneurysm growth behavior. RESULTS: The PAT model indicated that smoking and hypothyroidism had a large effect on the growth rate of large UIAs (≥ 7 mm), while UIAs < 7 mm were less influenced by smoking and hypothyroidism. Analysis of risk factors related to growth showed that initial size and multiplicity were significant factors related to aneurysm growth and were consistent across different definitions of growth. A 1.09-fold increase in risk of growth was found for every 1-mm increase in initial size (95% CI 1.04-1.15; p = 0.001). Aneurysms in patients with multiple aneurysms were 2.43-fold more likely to grow than those in patients with single aneurysms (95% CI 1.36-4.35; p = 0.003). The growth rate (speed) for large UIAs (≥ 7 mm; 0.085 mm/month) was significantly faster than that for UIAs < 3 mm (0.030 mm/month) and for males than for females (0.089 and 0.045 mm/month, respectively; p = 0.048). CONCLUSIONS: Analyzing longitudinal UIA data as continuous data points can be useful to study the risk of growth and predict the aneurysm growth trajectory. Individual patient characteristics (demographics, behavior, medical history) may have a significant effect on the speed of UIA growth, and predictive models such as PAT may help optimize follow-up frequency for UIA management.

20.
Breast Cancer Res Treat ; 176(3): 687-696, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30771047

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The metabolic etiology of breast cancer has been explored in the past several years using metabolomics. However, most of these studies only included non-Hispanic White individuals. METHODS: To fill this gap, we performed a two-step (discovery and validation) metabolomics profiling in plasma samples from 358 breast cancer patients and 138 healthy controls. All study subjects were either Hispanics or non-Hispanic African Americans. RESULTS: A panel of 14 identified metabolites significantly differed between breast cancer cases and healthy controls in both the discovery and validation sets. Most of these identified metabolites were lipids. In the pathway analysis, citrate cycle (TCA cycle), arginine and proline metabolism, and linoleic acid metabolism pathways were observed, and they significantly differed between breast cancer cases and healthy controls in both sets. From those 14 metabolites, we selected 9 non-correlated metabolites to generate a metabolic risk score. Increased metabolites risk score was associated with a 1.87- and 1.63-fold increased risk of breast cancer in the discovery and validation sets, respectively (Odds ratio (OR) 1.87, 95% Confidence interval (CI) 1.50, 2.32; OR 1.63, 95% CI 1.36, 1.95). CONCLUSIONS: In summary, our study identified metabolic profiles and pathways that significantly differed between breast cancer cases and healthy controls in Hispanic or non-Hispanic African American women. The results from our study might provide new insights on the metabolic etiology of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Hispano-Americanos , Metaboloma , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/etnologia , Neoplasias da Mama/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comorbidade , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Metabolômica/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA