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1.
Anaesthesia ; 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012219

RESUMO

Which journals cite work published in anaesthetic journals is of potential interest to authors, editors and publishers. We analysed citations made in 2017-2018 for articles, reviews, editorials and letters published by 12 anaesthetic journals in 2016, using the Web of Science™ citation index platform. We analysed 12,544 citations made for 3518 items. Citations were most often made by specialist anaesthesia journals and critical care journals, and occurred most commonly in articles, followed by reviews, editorials and letters. The median (IQR [range]) number of citations made per item was 3.3 (2.6-4.1 [1.6-5.1]). The median (IQR [range]) number of journals that cited the 12 source journals was 302 (236-449 [139-671]). The median (IQR [range]) proportion of citations made by the same journal that published the items (i.e. 'self-citations') was 15% (11-17% [5-32%]). There were 1305/1932 (68%) citations made by North American journals for items published in North American journals and 1712/2063 (83%) citations made by European journals for items published in European journals, p < 0.0001. Our analysis may inform authors, editors and publishers where to submit work, what editorial policy to pursue and what journal strategy to follow, respectively.

2.
Anaesthesia ; 75(1): 96-108, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729019

RESUMO

Anaesthetists are thought to be at increased risk of suicide amongst the medical profession. The aims of the following guidelines are: increase awareness of suicide and associated vulnerabilities, risk factors and precipitants; to emphasise safe ways to respond to individuals in distress, both for them and for colleagues working alongside them; and to support individuals, departments and organisations in coping with a suicide.


Assuntos
Anestesistas/psicologia , Anestesistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Suicídio/psicologia , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/complicações , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Fatores de Risco , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Reino Unido
3.
Anaesthesia ; 74(11): 1365-1373, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267513

RESUMO

Following a 2-3-month period of publicity, anaesthetists were invited to participate in an online survey that was administered by a third party company on behalf of the Association of Anaesthetists and ran between 3 September and 31 October 2018. Anaesthetists working in the UK or Ireland were asked about the presence or absence of welfare/support structures or resources in their workplace in the case of mental illness, addiction and/or suicide. Anaesthetists working anywhere in the world were also asked for their experiences of a colleague's suicide, defined as a colleague's taking his or her own life - whether intentional or not - while practising as an anaesthetist in the UK or Ireland, in the same department and at the same time as the respondent. Respondents were also asked about experiences of other suicides not meeting this definition. A total of 3638 responses were received. Most respondents were unaware of the existence of policies/guidance on mental illness, addiction or suicide, or of welfare leads, within their Trust or department. A total of 1916 cases of suicide meeting the survey's definition were reported by 1397 respondents, although the actual number of discrete cases is unknown because of likely multiple reporting of the same cases. A third of respondents who reported a suicide had experience of more than one case. Most reports were of suicide in the last 10 years, and most reported cases involved anaesthetic drugs. Deficiencies were noted in the support available and in the way the deaths were handled, although examples of good support were also described. A further 1715 respondents reported suicides that did not meet the primary definition. Overall, 92% of respondents reporting suicide experienced it through work, and 41% outside of work (total > 100% as some reported both). Although unable to provide estimates of suicide rates, or numerical associations between the features of the deaths, this survey highlights the considerable emotional and mental burden of suicide on anaesthetists.


Assuntos
Anestesistas/psicologia , Anestesistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Suicídio/psicologia , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Irlanda , Apoio Social , Sociedades Médicas , Reino Unido , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
4.
Anaesthesia ; 74(9): 1095-1100, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973191

RESUMO

Audio recording consent discussions, and giving a copy of the recording to the patient to keep, might improve the consent process and reduce the risk of misunderstandings, complaints or medicolegal claims. However, there may be concerns over confidentiality and how being recorded could affect the consent discussion. We ascertained the views of 50 postnatal women and 100 maternity staff (25 anaesthetists, 25 obstetricians and 50 midwives) on making audio recordings of consent discussions. There was a wide range of opinions, with women and staff similarly supportive of audio recording overall, but the women were more supportive of recording than the staff when asked if they were against it, or whether they would support recording the discussion if the patient requested it; and less concerned than the staff regarding the potential disadvantages of audio recording. There were no significant differences in the views between anaesthetists, obstetricians and midwives.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido , Unidade Hospitalar de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , Participação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Recursos Humanos em Hospital/psicologia , Gravação de Fita , Adulto , Anestesiologistas/psicologia , Anestesiologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Tocologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Participação do Paciente/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Período Pós-Parto , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Anaesthesia ; 74(3): 285-291, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30311637

RESUMO

Upper limb disorders (affecting the hand, arm and neck) are common. The nature of anaesthetists' work poses a potential extra risk from poor posture that may contribute to the development of upper limb disorders in this professional group. However, to date, the problem has received scant attention in the literature. Following a 2 to 3-month period of publicity via newsletter, email and social media, all 10,231 electronically accessible members of the Association of Anaesthetists were invited by email to complete an online survey that was administered by a third-party company. A total of 3884 usable responses were received (38%). Analysis of possible risk factors found a significant association between upper limb disorders and years since starting anaesthetic training, having children (irrespective of respondents' sex or the number of children) and right-handedness. Years of practice and having children are less modifiable identified risk factors. However, right-handedness may be linked to the ergonomic design of the environment/equipment used within this specialty and may thus be a potentially modifiable risk factor worthy of further investigation.


Assuntos
Anestesistas , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Extremidade Superior , Adulto , Idoso , Ergonomia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Postura , Fatores de Risco , Sociedades Médicas , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Anaesthesia ; 74(1): 17-21, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30144024

RESUMO

We analysed how long it has taken for papers authored by Scott Reuben, Joachim Boldt and Yoshitaka Fujii to be retracted: investigations into these three anaesthetists have shown much of their research to be unethical or fraudulent. To date, 94% of their combined papers requiring retraction have been retracted; however, only 85% of the retraction notices were compliant with guidelines produced by the Committee on Publication Ethics. We contacted the Editors-in-Chief and/or publishers of all the journals containing articles that had been identified as requiring retraction but had not yet been retracted. In response to our enquiries, 16 articles have since been retracted; we have documented the journals' responses regarding the remaining papers and await further retractions in the future. There is room for improvement in the way that unethical or fraudulent papers are handled by journals and publishers, beyond the identification of the authors' misconduct.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia , Retratação de Publicação como Assunto , Ética em Pesquisa , Guias como Assunto , Editoração , Má Conduta Científica
7.
Anaesthesia ; 73(12): 1531-1534, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30412290

RESUMO

We examined the prevalence of novel acronyms in the titles of anaesthetic and related studies and the response of anaesthetists to them. We separately analysed trainee-led research projects in the UK supported by the Research and Audit Federation of Trainees (RAFT), and a 10-year cohort of papers identified using the PubMed literature search tool. We also conducted a survey of 20 anaesthetists within our institution regarding the utility and impact of titles containing acronyms, and their recall of the associated topics. Finally, we developed a scoring system for acronym accuracy and complexity, the ORigin of AcroNym letterinG Used Term AppropriateNess (ORANGUTAN) score, and measured the progression of acronym usage over the 10-year period studied. Our results show that while acronyms themselves are sometimes considered memorable, they do not aid recall of topics and are, in general, not considered helpful. There has been an increase in the prevalence of acronymic titles over 10 years, and in the complexity of acronyms used, suggesting that there is currently a selective pressure favouring the use of acronyms even if they are of limited benefit.


Assuntos
Abreviaturas como Assunto , Anestesiologia/métodos , Anestésicos/farmacologia , Anestesiologia/educação , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Internato e Residência/métodos , Rememoração Mental , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
Public Health ; 158: 61-63, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29574237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends annual seasonal influenza vaccination of healthcare workers (HCWs). Under the current voluntary scheme in England, uptake of vaccine in this group remains well below the 75% target. A mandatory scheme may improve rates, but raises the ethical issue of imposed vaccination. However, the existing voluntary scheme could also potentially infringe autonomy if those not wanting to join feel pressured or coerced into vaccination. The aim of this study was to explore HCW views and experiences with the current influenza vaccination programme. STUDY DESIGN: Questionnaire survey. METHODS: Between March 2015 and April 2016, a total of 140 questionnaires were completed across seven HCW groups, with the demographic, vaccination and opinion data statistically analysed using the chi-squared test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney U-test as appropriate. RESULTS: No staff group met the national influenza vaccination target of 75% and vaccination rates varied between HCW groups. All groups reported some degree of external pressure to be vaccinated and there were mixed views on the concept of mandatory vaccination, with a lack of certainty over the vaccine's efficacy and/or a lack of information the most common reasons for not supporting it. CONCLUSION: The current voluntary influenza vaccination scheme has a number of flaws. Improvements in the quality and availability of information provided to employees may help Trusts increase vaccination rates, or achieve acceptance of any proposed mandatory programme.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Influenza Humana/prevenção & controle , Vacinação/ética , Inglaterra , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Vacinas contra Influenza/efeitos adversos , Programas Obrigatórios/ética , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas Voluntários/ética
9.
Anaesthesia ; 72(9): 1125-1133, 2017 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28696015

RESUMO

We investigated the strength of commonly used spinal needles in relation to the amount of deformation, and registered forces during standardised testing. We investigated differences between manufacturers for the same length and gauge of Luer and non-Luer needles, and examined the effect of the internal stylet in terms of needle strength. A specialised rig was designed to perform the testing in both the horizontal and axial plane, reflecting common industrial tests and clinical use. Needles from four commonly used manufacturers were used (Vygon, Becton Dickinson, B Braun, and Pajunk). Needles of 25 G and 27 G were tested in 90-mm and 120-mm lengths. We found significant differences in terms of the size of final deformation and 'toughness'/resistance to deformation between needles of different brands. There were also significant differences between horizontal tests conducted as an industry standard and our own axial test. This may have bearing on clinical use in terms of the incidence of bending and breakage. The presence of the internal stylet resulted in significantly greater toughness in many needles, but had little effect on the degree of deformation. Comparison of Luer and non-Luer needles of the same brand and size showed few significant differences in strength. This result is reassuring, given the imminent change from Luer to non-Luer needles that is to occur in the UK.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia/instrumentação , Agulhas , Desenho de Equipamento , Setor de Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Injeções Espinhais , Fenômenos Mecânicos , Agulhas/normas , Reino Unido
10.
Anaesthesia ; 72(11): 1327-1333, 2017 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28585304

RESUMO

We analysed data from the electronic rota system CLWRota, covering 2,689,962 anaesthetic sessions between 01/01/2014 and 31/12/2015, in 91 UK Trusts, in order to investigate trainees' supervision. There were 8209 trainee attachments analysed, during which 618,695 sessions were undertaken by trainees. The number of supervised sessions per week that trainees worked varied considerably (median (IQR [range]) 2.6 (1.6-3.6 [0-10]) for all grades combined), with senior trainees more likely than junior trainees to be supervised for fewer than the three sessions per week mandated by the Royal College of Anaesthetists. The number of supervised sessions was unrelated to Trusts' size, suggesting that trainees in smaller hospitals receive the same level of supervision as in larger teaching hospitals. Analysis of a dataset of this size should be a good reflection of the delivery of anaesthesia training in the UK.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia/educação , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/normas , Competência Clínica , Currículo , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/tendências , Humanos , Internato e Residência , Reino Unido
12.
13.
Anaesthesia ; 72(6): 749-754, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28251614

RESUMO

We investigated the flow rates of 25-G and 27-G spinal needles, of 90-mm and 120-mm lengths, from Vygon, BD, B. Braun and Pajunk; the needles had either a Luer connector, or a Surety® or UniVia® non-Luer connector. We used a bench-top model of entering the spinal space, pressurised to 35 cmH2 O to simulate cerebrospinal fluid pressure in the sitting position. We examined the time to first appearance of simulated cerebrospinal fluid in the needle hub, as well as the amount of fluid collected over 120 s after the needle was introduced. The mean (SD) times to first appearance of fluid in the needle hub of Luer spinal needles varied from 0.36 (0.22) s for the 25-G 90-mm BD to 3.14 (0.72) s for the 27-G 120-mm B. Braun, and in the non-Luer spinal needles from 0.22 (0.17) s for the 25-G 90-mm B. Braun to 2.99 (0.71) s for the 27-G 120-mm Pajunk. There was a significant difference in the time to first appearance of fluid in the needle hub between Luer and non-Luer needles of the same type for seven of 14 comparisons made, of which four showed slower appearance of fluid in the non-Luer version. In some of these cases, the time to appearance of fluid was nearly twice as long with the non-Luer counterpart. The mean (SD) weight of fluid collected in 120 s using the Luer spinal needles varied from 0.21 (0.05) g for the 27-G 120-mm Pajunk to 1.21 (0.18) g for the 25-G 90-mm Vygon, and using the non-Luer spinal needles from 0.25 (0.05) g for the 27-G 120-mm Pajunk to 1.55 (0.05) g for the 25-G 90-mm B. Braun. All of the needle types showed a greater weight of fluid collected using the non-Luer compared with the Luer version, with six of the 14 needle types showing a significant difference. Significant variations in flow were also seen between the same needle type from different manufacturers. We conclude that changing from Luer to non-Luer versions of spinal needles does not merely change the hub design and connection, but may introduce important differences in function.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia/instrumentação , Agulhas , Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/química , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos
14.
Anaesthesia ; 72(6): 755-759, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28070884

RESUMO

Neuraxial anaesthesia is widely used in obstetrics and neurological complications are rare. However, when they occur, subsequent investigation and management are time-critical and correlate with the extent of neurological recovery. The Third National Audit Project recommended the implementation of guidelines in obstetric epidural management, including advice on monitoring for early signs of problems and acting upon concerns. However, no national guideline exists for postoperative management in the obstetric population. We conducted a national survey of monitoring after obstetric neuraxial blockade and the management of an abnormally prolonged block. We received responses from 112/189 (59.3%) obstetric anaesthetic leads invited to participate. We determined that post-neuraxial blockade monitoring in the UK is highly variable: only 63/112 (56.3%) respondents' units had a monitoring policy in place, although most of these did not undertake formal neurological monitoring, and a range of different monitoring methods and schedules were employed. In 12/63 (19%) local policies, the first review of neurology was performed at the standard postoperative visit the following day, and 66/112 (58.9%) units had no protocol in place to address emergency management of abnormally prolonged neuraxial blockade. Where a policy was in place, the initial recommended action and the type of imaging used were variable.


Assuntos
Anestesia por Condução/estatística & dados numéricos , Anestesia Obstétrica/estatística & dados numéricos , Monitoração Neuromuscular/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Anestesia por Condução/efeitos adversos , Anestesia por Condução/métodos , Anestesia Epidural , Anestesia Obstétrica/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Obstétrica/métodos , Feminino , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Políticas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Reino Unido
15.
Anaesthesia ; 72(1): 93-105, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27988961

RESUMO

Previous guidelines on consent for anaesthesia were issued by the Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland in 1999 and revised in 2006. The following guidelines have been produced in response to the changing ethical and legal background against which anaesthetists, and also intensivists and pain specialists, currently work, while retaining the key principles of respect for patients' autonomy and the need to provide adequate information. The main points of difference between the relevant legal frameworks in England and Wales and Scotland, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland are also highlighted.


Assuntos
Anestesia/normas , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/normas , Diretivas Antecipadas/ética , Diretivas Antecipadas/legislação & jurisprudência , Anestesia/efeitos adversos , Anestesia/ética , Competência Clínica , Revelação/ética , Revelação/normas , Documentação/normas , Ética Médica , Humanos , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/ética , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/legislação & jurisprudência , Irlanda , Competência Mental , Participação do Paciente , Reino Unido
17.
Anaesthesia ; 71(8): 871-4, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27080699
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