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1.
Health Promot. Int ; 22(2): 92-101, Jun. 2007. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | CidSaúde - Cidades saudáveis | ID: cid-56805

RESUMO

This article describes results from an investigation of the health impacts of community gardening, using Toronto, Ontario as a case study. According to community members and local service organizations, these gardens have a number of positive health benefits. However, few studies have explicitly focused on the health impacts of community gardens, and many of those did not ask community gardeners directly about their experiences in community gardening. This article sets out to fill this gap by describing the results of a community-based research project that collected data on the perceived health impacts of community gardening through participant observation, focus groups and in-depth interviews. Results suggest that community gardens were perceived by gardeners to provide numerous health benefits, including improved access to food, improved nutrition, increased physical activity and improved mental health. Community gardens were also seen to promote social health and community cohesion. These benefits were set against a backdrop of insecure land tenure and access, bureaucratic resistance, concerns about soil contamination and a lack of awareness and understanding by community members and decision-makers. Results also highlight the need for ongoing resources to support gardens in these many roles. (AU)


Assuntos
Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Casos Organizacionais , População Urbana , Qualidade de Vida , Canadá
2.
Health Promot. Int ; 22(2): 92-101, Jun. 2007. tab
Artigo em Inglês | CidSaúde - Cidades saudáveis | ID: cid-59570

RESUMO

This article describes results from an investigation of the health impacts of community gardening, using Toronto, Ontario as a case study. According to community members and local service organizations, these gardens have a number of positive health benefits. However, few studies have explicitly focused on the health impacts of community gardens, and many of those did not ask community gardeners directly about their experiences in community gardening. This article sets out to fill this gap by describing the results of a community-based research project that collected data on the perceived health impacts of community gardening through participant observation, focus groups and in-depth interviews. Results suggest that community gardens were perceived by gardeners to provide numerous health benefits, including improved access to food, improved nutrition, increased physical activity and improved mental health. Community gardens were also seen to promote social health and community cohesion. These benefits were set against a backdrop of insecure land tenure and access, bureaucratic resistance, concerns about soil contamination and a lack of awareness and understanding by community members and decision-makers. Results also highlight the need for ongoing resources to support gardens in these many roles. (AU)


Assuntos
Saúde da População Urbana , Promoção da Saúde , Entrevistas como Assunto , Ontário , Estudos de Casos Organizacionais
3.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 56(12): 1176-85, 2002 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12494302

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of enhancing the content and bioavailability of micronutrients in diets of stunted rural Malawian children on their growth and body composition, morbidity, anaemia and hair zinc concentrations. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design with non-equivalent control group involving 410 intervention and 220 control children aged 30-90 months. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Children from two intervention and two control villages in Mangochi District, Southern Malawi participated in a 6 month dietary intervention. Anthropometry, malarial screening, haemoglobin, and hair zinc were measured at baseline and after 12 months, as well as socio-economic status at baseline, and common infections monthly post-intervention. RESULTS: Groups were comparable at baseline. Post-intervention children had greater Z-scores for lean body mass (mid-upper arm circumference -0.75 vs -1.05; arm muscle area: 0.63 vs -1.03, P<0.001) than controls but Z-scores for weight-for-height and height-for-age were similar. After controlling for baseline variables, mean haemoglobin was higher (107 vs 102 g/l, P<0.01), whereas the incidence of both anaemia (62 vs 80%) and common infections (based on a median overall illness score for fever, diarrhoea, upper and lower respiratory infections) were lower in intervention compared to controls, with no change in hair zinc concentrations or malaria status post-intervention. CONCLUSION: Improvements in the micronutrient adequacy of diets of post-intervention children were associated with a favourable increase in indices of lean body mass and reductions in the incidence of anaemia and common infections in these rural Malawian stunted children.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/tratamento farmacológico , Hemoglobinas/análise , Micronutrientes/administração & dosagem , Micronutrientes/farmacocinética , Zinco/análise , Anemia/tratamento farmacológico , Anemia/epidemiologia , Antropometria , Disponibilidade Biológica , Estatura/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Criança , Transtornos da Nutrição Infantil/complicações , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Cabelo/química , Humanos , Malária/tratamento farmacológico , Malária/epidemiologia , Malaui/epidemiologia , Masculino , Morbidade , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 68(2 Suppl): 484S-487S, 1998 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-9701165

RESUMO

This review describes household dietary strategies to improve the content and bioavailability of zinc in predominantly plant-based diets and the implementation of these strategies in a community-based dietary intervention study in rural southern Malawi. The strategies involve increasing intakes of foods with high bioavailable-zinc contents, absorption enhancers, or both and using germination, fermentation, and soaking to reduce intake of phytic acid, a potent inhibitor of zinc absorption. The strategies were implemented at the household level in Malawi through a participatory research process that focused on building relationships with the community and involving them in the design, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation processes. In this way, community participation and awareness of zinc deficiency might be enhanced and the dietary strategies planned will be appropriate and sustainable.


Assuntos
Dieta , Zinco/deficiência , Disponibilidade Biológica , Fermentação , Humanos , Malaui , Ácido Fítico/metabolismo , Saúde da População Rural , Zinco/administração & dosagem , Zinco/metabolismo
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