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1.
Anal Chem ; 94(30): 10850-10856, 2022 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35857436

RESUMO

Technetium (99Tc) is a highly toxic radioactive nuclear wastewater contaminant. Real-time detection of 99Tc is very difficult due to its difficult-to-complex nature. Herein, a novel three-dimensional ionic olefin-linked conjugated microporous polymer (TFPM-EP-Br) is constructed using tetrakis(4-aldehyde phenyl)methane (TFPM) as the central monomer. The unique cationic cavity and highly hydrophobic framework enable TFPM-EP-Br to act as a fluorescent sensor for TcO4-. The fluorophores of TFPM-EP-Br can be quenched due to electron transfer from TFPM-EP-Br to TcO4- and the formation of strongly nonfluorescent complexes. Meanwhile, the regular pore channels are beneficial for the fast mass transfer of TcO4-, resulting in an ultrafast response time (less than 2 s) with an ultralow detection limit (33.3 nM). In addition, the ultrahigh specific surface area enables TFPM-EP-Br to combine the ability to synergistically detect and remove radioactive 99Tc. From this perspective, the novel conjugated microporous polymer has made a breakthrough in the detection and extraction of radioactive contaminants.


Assuntos
Polímeros , Águas Residuárias , Alcenos , Cátions , Tecnécio/química
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 8025, 2022 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35577822

RESUMO

Melatonin exerts a wide range of effects among various tissues and organs. However, there is currently no study to investigate the genetic determinants of melatonin secretion. Here, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for melatonin secretion using morning urine 6-hydroxymelatonin sulfate-to-creatinine ratio (UMCR). We initially enrolled 5000 participants from Taiwan Biobank in this study. After excluding individuals that did not have their urine collected in the morning, those who had history of neurological or psychiatric disorder, and those who failed to pass quality control, association of single nucleotide polymorphisms with log-transformed UMCR adjusted for age, sex and principal components of ancestry were analyzed. A second model additionally adjusted for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). A total of 2373 participants underwent the genome-wide analysis. Five candidate loci associated with log UMCR (P value ranging from 6.83 × 10-7 to 3.44 × 10-6) encompassing ZFHX3, GALNT15, GALNT13, LDLRAD3 and intergenic between SEPP1 and FLJ32255 were identified. Similar results were yielded with further adjustment for eGFR. Interestingly, the identified genes are associated with circadian behavior, neuronal differentiation, motor disorders, anxiety, and neurodegenerative diseases. We conducted the first GWAS for melatonin secretion and identified five candidate genetic loci associated with melatonin level. Replication and functional studies are needed in the future.


Assuntos
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Melatonina , Ritmo Circadiano , Loci Gênicos , Humanos , Melatonina/genética , Melatonina/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
3.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 9523491, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35082973

RESUMO

Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent form of cell death caused by the inactivation of glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) and accumulation of lipid peroxides. Ferroptosis has been found to participate in the ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, leading to heart dysfunction and myocardial cell death. Xanthohumol (XN), a prenylated flavonoid isolated from Humulus lupulus, has multiple pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. This study is aimed at investigating whether XN could attenuate the I/R-induced ferroptosis in cardiomyocytes and the underlying mechanisms. Cardiomyocytes were treated with Fe-SP and RSL3, and the rat hearts were treated with I/R. The results from the present study show that XN was able to protect cardiomyocytes against Fe-SP- and RSL3-induced ferroptotic cell death by decreasing the production of lipid peroxidation and ROS, chelating iron, reducing the NRF2 protein level, and modulating the protein levels of GPX4. Moreover, XN significantly decreased the mRNA levels of ferroptosis markers, Ptgs2 and Acsl4, and the protein levels of ACSL4 and NRF2 and modulated the protein levels of GPX4 in I/R-treated hearts. The findings from the present study suggest that XN might have the therapeutic potential for the I/R-induced ferroptosis injury.


Assuntos
Ferroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Flavonoides/uso terapêutico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Miocárdio/patologia , Propiofenonas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Propiofenonas/farmacologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
4.
J Clin Anesth ; 78: 110664, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35086051

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: On-pump cardiac surgery is associated with a high risk of acute kidney injury (AKI), which can substantially affect risk of mortality and morbidity depending on its severity. Current methods are limited in predicting AKI severity. This study aimed to develop and validate a model to predict AKI severity after on-pump cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Observational retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Two tertiary general hospitals in China. PATIENTS: The sample in this study came from two hospitals: 6919 patients who underwent on-pump cardiac surgery between January 1, 2011 and June 30, 2017 at West China Hospital of Sichuan University, and 1575 patients who underwent on-pump cardiac surgery between September 1, 2013 and June 30, 2017 at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University. MEASUREMENTS: Data from West China Hospital was used to develop an individualized prediction for AKI severity. The model was internally validated, and a cohort from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University was used for external validation. MAIN RESULTS: AKI incidence was 14.7% in the development cohort and 42.3% in the external validation cohort. Ten predictors of AKI severity were identified: age; sex; preoperative levels of serum creatinine, serum cystatin C, and blood urea nitrogen; preoperative red blood cell count; hypertension; cardiopulmonary bypass time; operation time; and red blood cell transfusion. The model incorporating these variables showed a concordance index of 0.730 (95% CI 0.713, 0.747) for predicting stage I AKI, 0.772 (95% CI 0.738, 0.806) for predicting stage II, and 0.770 (95% CI 0.712, 0.828) for predicting stage III in the development cohort. The corresponding indices for the external validation cohort were 0.676 (95% CI 0.650, 0.703), 0.730 (95% CI 0.691, 0.769), and 0.795 (95% CI 0.737, 0.852). CONCLUSIONS: The prediction model incorporating 10 predictors may be useful for predicting severity of AKI after on-pump cardiac surgery.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Injúria Renal Aguda/diagnóstico , Injúria Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Injúria Renal Aguda/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Fatores de Risco
5.
J Hazard Mater ; 425: 127951, 2022 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34894515

RESUMO

Uranium is a key element in the nuclear industry and also a global environmental contaminant with combined highly toxic and radioactive. Currently, the materials based on post-modification of amidoxime have been developed for uranium detection and adsorption. However, the affinity of amidoxime group for vanadium is stronger than that of uranium, which is the main challenge hindering the practical application of amidoxime-based adsorbents. Herein, we synthesized a fluorescent covalent organic framework (TFPPy-BDOH) through integrating biphenyl diamine and pyrene unit into the π-conjugated framework. TFPPy-BDOH has an excellent selectivity to uranium due to the synergistic effect of nitrogen atom in the imine bond and hydroxyl groups in conjugated framework. It can achieve ultra-fast fluorescence response time (2 s) and ultra-low detection limit (8.8 nM), which may be attributed to its intrinsic regular porous channel structures and excellent hydrophilicity. More excitingly, TFPPy-BDOH can chemically reduce soluble U (VI) to insoluble U (IV), and release the binding site to adsorb additional U (VI), achieving high adsorption capacity of 982.6 ± 49.1 mg g-1. Therefore, TFPPy-BDOH can overcome the challenges faced by current amidoxime-based adsorbents, making it as a potential adsorbent in practical applications.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Urânio , Adsorção , Corantes , Oxirredução
6.
Biomolecules ; 11(11)2021 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34827665

RESUMO

Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury has been associated with ferroptosis, which is characterized by an iron-dependent accumulation of lipid peroxide to lethal levels. Gossypol acetic acid (GAA), a natural product taken from the seeds of cotton plants, prevents oxidative stress. However, the effects of GAA on myocardial I/R-induced ferroptosis remain unclear. This study investigated the ability of GAA to attenuate I/R-induced ferroptosis in cardiomyocytes along with the underlying mechanisms in a well-established rat model of myocardial I/R and isolated neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. H9c2 cells and cardiomyocytes were treated with the ferroptosis inducers erastin, RSL3, and Fe-SP. GAA could protect H9c2 cells against ferroptotic cell death caused by these ferroptosis inducers by decreasing the production of malondialdehyde and reactive oxygen species, chelating iron content, and downregulating mRNA levels of Ptgs2. GAA could prevent oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion-induced cell death and lipid peroxidation in the cardiomyocytes. Moreover, GAA significantly attenuated myocardial infarct size, reduced lipid peroxidation, decreased the mRNA levels of the ferroptosis markers Ptgs2 and Acsl4, decreased the protein levels of ACSL4 and NRF2, and increased the protein levels of GPX4 in I/R-induced ex vivo rat hearts. Thus, GAA may play a cytoprotectant role in ferroptosis-induced cardiomyocyte death and myocardial I/R-induced ferroptotic cell death.


Assuntos
Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Animais , Ferroptose , Gossipol/análogos & derivados , Masculino , Ratos
7.
Data Brief ; 38: 107293, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34466635

RESUMO

Crops require appropriate planting techniques at different growth stages. Judgments on crop maturity affect the yield of crops. The planting and management of crops rely heavily on experienced farmers, which can reduce planting costs and increase yields. With the advancement of smart agriculture [1], images of crops can be used to accurately determine the growth stage of crops and estimate crop yields [2]. This can be combined with drones or smartphones to predict the growth stage and yield of Fortunella margarita for farmers in the future. This article presents an F. margarita image dataset. We classified F. margarita into three growth stages: mature, immature, and growing. In this dataset, an image may contain plants in several growth stages. The images were divided into seven categories according to growth stage. The dataset contains a total of 1031 original images. The total number of images was increased to 6611 through data augmentation. In addition, the dataset includes 6611 annotations with 7 categories of manually marked positions of F. margarita. Field images were captured in Jiaoxi, Yilan County, Taiwan, using smartphones. The dataset can serve as a resource for researchers who use different algorithms of machine learning or deep learning for object detection, image segmentation, and multiclass classification.

8.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 47(9): 2598-2607, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34210559

RESUMO

Scoliosis screening is important for timely initiation of brace treatment to mitigate curve progression in skeletally immature children and adolescents. School scoliosis screening programs in Hong Kong follow the protocol of referring children screened positive with a scoliometer and Moiré topography for confirmatory standard radiography. Despite being highly sensitive (88%) in detecting those who require specialist referral, the screening program was found to have a false-positive rate >50%, which could lead to unnecessary X-ray radiation. Radiation-free ultrasound has been reported to be valid and reliable for quantitative assessment of curve severity in scoliosis patients. The aim of this prospective diagnostic accuracy study was to determine the accuracy of ultrasound in determining the threshold of referral that requires X-ray for children screened positive with the scoliometer and Moiré topography. Our study recruited 442 schoolchildren with a mean Cobb angle of 14.0 ± 6.6°. The sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound in predicting the correct referral status, confirmed by X-ray, were 92.3% and 51.6%, with positive and negative predictive values of 29.0% and 96.9%, respectively. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed area under the curve values of 0.735 for ultrasound alone and 0.832 for ultrasound in combination with measurement of angle of trunk rotation. The finding supports the accuracy of using ultrasound to determine referral status, which could result in a >50% reduction of unnecessary radiation for children undergoing scoliosis screening.


Assuntos
Escoliose , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
9.
Mol Neurobiol ; 58(3): 964-982, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063281

RESUMO

At present, chronic post-surgical pain (CPSP) is difficult to prevent and cure clinically because of our lack of understanding of its mechanisms. Surgical injury induces the upregulation of voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.7 in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, suggesting that Nav1.7 is involved in the development of CPSP. However, the mechanism leading to persistent dysregulation of Nav1.7 is largely unknown. Given that nerve growth factor (NGF) induces a long-term increase in the neuronal hyperexcitability after injury, we hypothesized that NGF might cause the long-term dysregulation of Nav1.7. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether Nav1.7 regulation by NGF is involved in CPSP and thus contributes to the specific mechanisms involved in the development of CPSP. Using conditional nociceptor-specific Nav1.7 knockout mice, we confirmed the involvement of Nav1.7 in NGF-induced pain and identified its role in the maintenance of pain behavior during long-term observations (up to 14 days). Using western blot analyses and immunostaining, we showed that NGF could trigger the upregulation of Nav1.7 expression and thus support the development of CPSP in rats. Using pharmacological approaches, we showed that the increase of Nav1.7 might be partly regulated by an NGF/TrkA-SGK1-Nedd4-2-mediated pathway. Furthermore, reversing the upregulation of Nav1.7 in DRG could alleviate spinal sensitization. Our results suggest that the maintained upregulation of Nav1.7 triggered by NGF contributes to the development of CPSP. Attenuating the dysregulation of Nav1.7 in peripheral nociceptors may be a strategy to prevent the transition from acute post-surgical pain to CPSP.


Assuntos
Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces/metabolismo , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.7/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases Nedd4/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Neural/farmacologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/genética , Regulação para Cima , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Animais , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Gânglios Espinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Gânglios Espinais/metabolismo , Hidrazinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Imediatamente Precoces/antagonistas & inibidores , Indóis/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos Knockout , Modelos Biológicos , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.7/metabolismo , Dor Pós-Operatória/patologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptor trkA/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor trkA/metabolismo , Medula Espinal/patologia , Ubiquitinação/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Vesicular 2 de Transporte de Glutamato/metabolismo
10.
RSC Adv ; 11(12): 6620-6627, 2021 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35423172

RESUMO

Conductive self-healing hydrogels and related soft sensor devices are gaining extensive attention from academia to industry because of their impacts on the lifetime and ergonomic design of artificial skins and soft robotics, as well as health monitoring systems. However, so far the development of such a material has been limited considering performance and availability. In this work, we developed composite hydrogels of acrylamide, polyacrylamide, dialdehyde-functionalized poly(ethylene glycol) and conductive carbon black through an interpenetrating polymer network strategy. After optimizing the composition ratio, the resultant hydrogel exhibited self-healing reversibility mechanically and electrically when cut and self-healed. We used 1H NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy to determine the self-healing mechanism of the system, thus demonstrating that the cooperative effect of the dynamic covalent and noncovalent interactions contributes to the self-healing capability of the gel. Rheology, scanning electron microscopy and light-emitting diode circuits were carried out to examine its macroscopic and microscopic properties, making it possible to apply in soft and conformable electronics.

11.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 13(10): 2701-2709, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165441

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) accounts for 5.6% of BC in all women. BC in this population is often characterized as aggressive. Two-thirds of BC in AYAs belong to the hormone-receptor positive (HR(+))/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 negative (HER2(-)) subtype. However, the underlying pathogenesis of this subtype has not been fully elucidated. To study HR(+)/HER2(-) BC in AYAs, we downloaded the available RNA-seq data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and then performed differential expression gene screening and constructed a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, identified the key genes, and did gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Based on the analyses, 32.26% of patients were in stage III. Additionally, we identified 1671 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 35 key genes. In addition, GSEA showed that ether lipid metabolism and complement and coagulation cascades were significantly enriched in the GNAI1 high expression phenotype. The key genes CXCL2, CXCL5, CXCL3, GPR37L1, NPY2R, OXGR1, NPW, CCL21, GNAI1, SAA1, GRM4, HCAR2, CX3CL1, GRM8, CCL28, SSTR1, PENK, P2RY12, NMUR1, NMU, ADCY5, TAS1R1, OXER1, GNG13, CCL16, CCR8, NPY5R, CXCL11, CXCL10, CXCL9, CXCL1, CXCL6, CCR4, and ANXA1 may be molecular markers of tumorigenesis of HR(+)/HER2(-) BC in AYAs. In addition, ether lipid metabolism and complement and coagulation cascades may be key pathways for GNAI1 regulation in HR(+)/HER2(-) BC in AYAs.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(11): 4774-4782, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854542

RESUMO

To study the pollution characteristics of atmospheric heavy metal elements in a living area of Zhengzhou City, assess the potential ecological risks, and determine risks to resident health in this city, the Wuhan Tianhong TH-16A Airborne Particles Intelligent Sampler was used to collect atmospheric PM2.5 in Zhengzhou City. The mass concentrations of 17 metal elements were analyzed by ambient air determination of inorganic elements by ambient particle matter wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry. The source of heavy metals was analyzed by the enrichment factor method and principal component analysis. The ecological risk index method and the US Environmental Protection Agency's health risk assessment method were used to evaluate the potential ecological risks and residents' health risks from Cr, Cd, Cu, Zn, Ni, Pb, As, and other elements. The results showed that metals with higher enrichment factor values were Cd, Sb, Pb, and As, and Cd had the highest enrichment factor value. The sources of metal elements in a living area of Zhengzhou City were mainly crust/burning coal, fuel, garbage burning, metallurgical dust, and vehicle emission. The single factor potential ecological hazard index values of Cd, Pb, Zn, As, Cu, Ni, and Cr were 70420.2, 255.3, 204.6, 71.5, 36.9, 24.0, and 5.1, respectively. Cd, As, and Cr in a living area of Zhengzhou City posed a cancer risk, and Cd was the most harmful. Mn had a non-carcinogenic risk.


Assuntos
Saúde Ambiental , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluição Ambiental , Metais Pesados , China , Cidades , Humanos , Medição de Risco
13.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(11): 4847-4855, 2019 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854550

RESUMO

The three typical carbon enterprises in Zhengzhou were selected as research targets, and the emission characteristics of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and their ozone formation potential (OFP) in different functional areas were studied. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) health risk assessment model was used to evaluate the health risks of VOCs emitted by the carbon industry. The results showed that the concentration of VOCs in the production areas of the three research enterprises was between 89.77-964.60 µg·m-3, and the management area was between 51.46-121.59 µg·m-3. Naphthalene and carbon disulfide were at the highest concentrations in the carbon plants. The ozone formation potential of VOCs in the production area was between 75.42-1416.73 µg·m-3, and in the management area was between 65.32-202.42 µg·m-3, mainly from the contribution of aromatic hydrocarbons and olefins. The carcinogenic health risk (Risk) of VOCs in the production area was 3.5×10-5-2.8×10-3, and in the management area was 2.0×10-5-9.4×10-5, which was higher than the maximum acceptable level recommended by the EPA (10-6). The non-carcinogenic health risk index (HI) of the VOCs in the production area was 3.2-1.4×102, and in the management area was 4.3×10-1-3.8, except for the management area of the first enterprise, which was greater than 1, which may expose the workers. These health factors cause cancer and non-carcinogenic hazards.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Saúde Ambiental , Medição de Risco , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis , Carbono , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos
14.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(6): 2565-2571, 2019 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854647

RESUMO

Based on the annual average concentration values, the health effects and health benefits as well as 95% confidence intervals of PM10 and PM2.5 pollution control from 2014 to 2016 in Zhengzhou were evaluated by applying the Poisson regression relative risk model. Results showed that the health benefits of PM10 pollution control were 18.18 billion RMB (15.04, 21.12), 24.25 billion RMB (20.25, 27.94), and 20.62 billion RMB (17.33, 23.92), which accounted for 2.7%, 3.3%, and 2.5% of the GDP of Zhengzhou, respectively, in 2014-2016. The health benefits of PM2.5 pollution control were 17.88 billion RMB (14.37, 21.16), 21.65 billion RMB (17.46, 25.53), and 17.25 billion RMB (13.78, 20.55), which accounted for 2.6%, 3.0%, and 2.1% of the GDP of Zhengzhou, respectively, in 2014-2016. After the PM10 and PM2.5 pollution was controlled, the number of urban beneficiaries was higher than that of rural areas, and acute bronchitis beneficiaries were higher than the beneficiaries of other health end-points. For chronic bronchitis, adults benefited more than children, while the opposite occurred for asthma. In this study, chronic bronchitis had the highest health benefit, followed by asthma, and outpatient and inpatient setting had the lower health benefits.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Asma/prevenção & controle , Bronquite Crônica/prevenção & controle , Criança , China , Humanos , Análise de Regressão
15.
Polymers (Basel) ; 11(12)2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783562

RESUMO

Tremendous efforts have been made toward the development of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries as one of the most reasonable solutions to the rapidly increasing demand for portable electronic devices and electric vehicles, owing to their high cost-efficiency and theoretical energy density. However, the shuttle effect caused by soluble polysulfides is generally considered to be an insurmountable challenge, which can significantly reduce the battery lifecycle and sulfur utilization. Here, we report a lignin nanoparticle-coated Celgard (LC) separator to alleviate this problem. The LC separator enables abundant electron-donating groups and is expected to induce chemical binding of polysulfides to hinder the shuttle effect. When a sulfur-containing commercially available acetylene black (approximately 73.8 wt% sulfur content) was used as the cathode without modification, the Li-S battery with the LC separator presented much enhanced cycling stability over that with the Celgard separator for over 500 cycles at a current density of 1 C. The strategy demonstrated in this study is expected to provide more possibilities for the utilization of low-cost biomass-derived nanomaterials as separators for high-performance Li-S batteries.

16.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17128, 2019 11 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748652

RESUMO

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a complex three-dimensional structural deformity of the spine with unknown etiology. Although leptin has been postulated as one of the etiologic factors in AIS, its effects on osteoblastic activity remain unknown. Herein, we conducted this study to investigate whether there are abnormal functional responses to leptin and abnormal expression of leptin receptor in AIS osteoblasts. In vitro assays were performed with osteoblasts isolated from 12 severe AIS girls and 6 non-AIS controls. The osteoblasts were exposed to different concentrations of leptin (0, 10, 100, 1000 ng/mL). The effects of leptin on cell proliferation, differentiation and mineralization were determined. Protein expressions of leptin receptor (LEP-R) under basal and osteogenic conditions were also evaluated by Western blot. Our results showed that leptin significantly stimulated osteoblasts from non-AIS subjects to proliferate, differentiate and mineralized. However, in the AIS group, the stimulatory effects of leptin on cell proliferation, differentiation, and mineralization were not observed. In addition, no statistically significant difference in the expression of leptin receptor under both basal and osteogenic conditions was found between AIS and control group. In conclusion, these findings might help to explain the low bone mass and deranged bone quality that is clinically associated with AIS girls.


Assuntos
Leptina/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Escoliose/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Receptores para Leptina/metabolismo , Coluna Vertebral/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Cancer ; 10(18): 4245-4255, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31413743

RESUMO

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC) is the second most common skin cancer. Dihydromyricetin (DHM), a Rattan tea extract, has been shown to have antitumor activity with no obvious toxicity to normal cells in vitro and in vivo. However, its efficacy in the treatment of CSCC and the underlying antitumor mechanism has not been fully elucidated yet. In our study, DHM increased autophagic flux in the A431 cells, as evidenced by the upregulation of LC3-II and downregulation of P62/SQSTM1. Moreover, the pharmacological or genetic blocking autophagy decreased DHM-induced cell death, indicating DHM triggered autophagic cell death in A431 cells. Specifically, DHM induced TFEB(Ser142) de-phosphorylation, activated TFEB nuclear translocation and increased of TFEB reporter activity, which contributed to the expression of autophagy-related genes and subsequent initiated autophagic cell death in A431 cells. Importantly, DHM decreased lncRNA MALAT1 expression and MALAT1 overexpression abrogated the effects of DHM on TFEB-dependent autophagy both in vitro and in vivo. Taken together, DHM induces CSCC cell death via inducing excessive autophagy, which is mediated through the MALAT1-TFEB pathway. Therefore, DHM may be beneficial for the development of chemotherapy for CSCC.

18.
Ultrasound Med Biol ; 45(11): 2866-2877, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31399250

RESUMO

Radiation exposure with repeated radiography required at follow-up poses serious health concerns for scoliosis patients. Although spinous process angle (SPA) measurement of spinal curvatures with ultrasound has been reported with promising results, an evidence-based account on its accuracy for translational application remains undefined. This prospective study involved 952 idiopathic scoliosis patients (75.7% female, mean age 16.7 ± 3.0 y, Cobb 28.7 ± 11.6°). Among 1432 curves (88.1%) detected by ultrasound, there was good correlation between radiologic Cobb angles measured manually on EOS (E_Cobb) whole-spine radiographs and automatic ultrasound SPA measurement for upper spinal curves (USCs) (r = 0.873, apices T7-T12/L1 intervertebral disc) and lower spinal curves (LSCs) (r = 0.740, apices L1 or below) (p < 0.001). Taller stature was associated with stronger correlation. For E_Cobb <30°, 66.6% USCs and 62.4% LSCs had absolute differences between E_Cobb and predicted Cobb angle calculated from SPA ≤5°. Ultrasound could be a viable option in lieu of radiography for measuring coronal curves with apices at T7 or lower and Cobb angle <30°.


Assuntos
Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Polymers (Basel) ; 11(6)2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31167368

RESUMO

CO2 has been regarded as one of the most promising blowing agents for polystyrene (PS) foam due to its non-flammability, low price, nontoxicity, and eco-friendliness. However, the low solubility and fast diffusivity of CO2 in PS hinder its potential applications. In this study, an attapulgite (ATP)/polypyrrole (PPy) nanocomposite was developed using the in situ polymerization method to generate the hierarchical cell texture for the PS foam based on the supercritical CO2 foaming. The results demonstrated that the nanocomposite could act as an efficient CO2 capturer enabling the random release of it during the foaming process. In contrast to the pure PS foam, the ATP/PPy nanocomposite reinforced PS foam is endowed with high cell density (up to 1.9 × 106) and similar thermal conductivity as the neat PS foam, as well as high compression modulus. Therefore, the in situ polymerized ATP/PPy nanocomposite makes supercritical CO2 foaming desired candidate to replace the widely used fluorocarbons and chlorofluorocarbons as PS blowing agents.

20.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(5): 2052-2061, 2019 May 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087840

RESUMO

Samples of particulate matter from flue gas emissions of typical brick, cement, and firebrick industrial kilns in Zhengzhou City were collected by dilution channel systems. Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Se, Sr, Cd, Sb, Sn, Ba, and Pb were analyzed. The emission factors (EFs) and emissions of inorganic elements of PM2.5 from kilns flue gases of three industries in Zhengzhou City during 2016 were calculated. A grid list of 1 km×1 km was also established. The results show that the highest concentration of total inorganic elements was in the firebrick industry, corresponding to(609.97±490.97) µg·m-3. The concentration of inorganic elements in the three industries accounted for 34%-54%, 27%-42%, and 23%-53% of PM2.5. The inorganic elements emitted from industrial kilns in brick and cement industries were mainly crust elements, and the highest concentration elements were Cl and Al. The inorganic elements emitted by industrial furnaces in the firebrick industry were mainly heavy metals, and the highest concentration element was Pb. The coefficient of divergence (CD) of inorganic elements in brick and cement industry was 0.389, that is slightly different. The CD between cement and refractory industry was 0.732, which represents a significant difference between inorganic element emissions. In 2016, the emissions of Pb, S, Zn, Cl, K, As, Fe, Si, Cr, Al, Na, and Ca in PM2.5 from major industrial furnaces in Zhengzhou City were 919.0, 793.1, 124.7, 378.6, 82.6, 12.2, 60.4, 145.4, 7.4, 86.6, 15.8, and 111.4 kg·a-1, respectively. Heavy metal emission in the Xinmi area was the highest, representing a high health risk.

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