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1.
J Med Food ; 21(9): 887-898, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30109956

RESUMO

Angelica sinensis (AS, Danggui in Chinese) is an important herbal component of various traditional formulae for the management of asthenia and its tonic effects. Although AS has been shown to ameliorate cognitive damage and nerve toxicity in D-galactose (D-gal)-elicited senescent mice brain, its effects on liver and kidney injury have not yet been explored. In this work, mice were subjected to hypodermic injection with D-gal (200 mg/kg) and orally gavaged with AS (20, 40, or 80 mg/kg) once a day for 8 successive weeks. Results revealed that AS significantly improved liver and kidney function as assessed by organ index and functional parameters. In addition, AS pretreatment effectively ameliorated the histological deterioration. AS attenuated the MDA level and markedly enhanced the activities and gene expressions of antioxidative enzymes, namely Cu, Zn-SOD, CAT, and GPx. Furthermore, AS markedly inhibited the D-gal-mediated increment of expressions of inflammatory cytokines iNOS, COX-2, IκBα, p-IκBα, and p65 and promoted the IκBα expression level in both hepatic and renal tissues. In sum, AS pretreatment could effectively guard the liver and kidney of mice from D-gal-induced injury, and the underlying mechanism was deemed to be intimately related to attenuating oxidative response and inflammatory stress.

2.
PLoS One ; 13(3): e0194069, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29538417

RESUMO

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic relapsing disease without satisfactory treatments, in which intestinal inflammation and disrupted intestinal epithelial barrier are two main pathogeneses triggering UC. Berberrubine (BB) is deemed as one of the major active metabolite of berberine (BBR), a naturally-occurring isoquinoline alkaloid with appreciable anti-UC effect. This study aimed to comparatively investigate the therapeutic effects of BB and BBR on dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced mouse colitis model, and explore the potential underlying mechanism. Results revealed that BB (20 mg/kg) produced a comparable therapeutic effect as BBR (50 mg/kg) and positive control sulfasalazine (200 mg/kg) by significantly reducing the disease activity index (DAI) with prolonged colon length and increased bodyweight as compared with the DSS group. BB treatment was shown to significantly ameliorate the DSS-induced colonic pathological alternations and decreased histological scores. In addition, BB markedly attenuated colonic inflammation by alleviating inflammatory cell infiltration and inhibiting myeloperoxidase (MPO) and cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-γ, IL-1ß, IL-6, IL-4 and IL-10) productions in DSS mice. Furthermore, BB treatment substantially upregulated the expression of tight junction (TJ) proteins (zonula occludens-1, zonula occludens-2, claudin-1, occludin) and mRNA expression of mucins (mucin-1 and mucin-2), and decreased the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. In summary, BB exerted similar effect to its analogue BBR and positive control in attenuating DSS-induced UC with much lower dosage and similar mechanism. The protective effect observed may be intimately associated with maintaining the integrity of the intestinal mucosal barrier and mitigating intestinal inflammation, which were mediated at least partially, via favorable modulation of TJ proteins and mucins and inhibition of inflammatory mediators productions in the colonic tissue. This is the first report to demonstrate that BB possesses pronounced anti-UC effect similar to BBR and sulfasalazine with much smaller dosage. BB might have the potential to be further developed into a promising therapeutic option in the treatment of UC.


Assuntos
Berberina/análogos & derivados , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Berberina/farmacologia , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/metabolismo , Colo/efeitos dos fármacos , Colo/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Proteínas de Junções Íntimas/metabolismo , Junções Íntimas/metabolismo
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25910234

RESUMO

An ultra-high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (U-HPLC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated to determine liensinine and isoliensinine in rat plasma simultaneously. Plasma samples were prepared using protein precipitation with acetonitrile. The two analytes and the internal standard pirfenidone were separated on an Acquity U-HPLC BEH C18 column with the mobile phase of acetonitrile and 1% formic acid in water with gradient elution at a flow rate of 0.40mL/min. Both liensinine and isoliensinine were eluted at 0.63 and 0.82min, respectively. The detection was performed on a triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer equipped with positive-ion electrospray ionization (ESI) by multiple reactions monitoring (MRM) of the transitions at m/z 611.6 → 206.2 for liensinine and m/z 611.4 → 192.2 for isoliensinine. The linearity of this method was found to be within the concentration range of 5-700ng/mL for liensinine and isoliensinine in rat plasma. The lower limits of quantification (LLOQ) were all 5ng/mL for liensinine and isoliensinine. The relative standard deviations (RSD) of intra and inter precision were less than 10% for both liensinine and isoliensinine. The method was also successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of liensinine and isoliensinine in rats.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Isoquinolinas/sangue , Fenóis/sangue , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Animais , Limite de Detecção , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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