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1.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2100808, 2021 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719888

RESUMO

A differentiation switch of bone marrow mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (BMSCs) from osteoblasts to adipocytes contributes to age- and menopause-associated bone loss and marrow adiposity. Here it is found that osteocytes, the most abundant bone cells, promote adipogenesis and inhibit osteogenesis of BMSCs by secreting neuropeptide Y (NPY), whose expression increases with aging and osteoporosis. Deletion of NPY in osteocytes generates a high bone mass phenotype, and attenuates aging- and ovariectomy (OVX)-induced bone-fat imbalance in mice. Osteocyte NPY production is under the control of autonomic nervous system (ANS) and osteocyte NPY deletion blocks the ANS-induced regulation of BMSC fate and bone-fat balance. γ-Oryzanol, a clinically used ANS regulator, significantly increases bone formation and reverses aging- and OVX-induced osteocyte NPY overproduction and marrow adiposity in control mice, but not in mice lacking osteocyte NPY. The study suggests a new mode of neuronal control of bone metabolism through the ANS-induced regulation of osteocyte NPY.

2.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731434

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore if acupoint injection can improve analgesic effects or delivery outcomes in parturients who received combined spinal-epidural analgesia (CSEA) and patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) for labor analgesia. METHODS: A total of 307 participants were prospectively collected from July 2017 to December 2019. The participants were randomized into the combined acupoint injection with CSEA plus PCEA group (AICP group, n=168) and CSEA plus PCEA group (CP group, n=139) for labor analgesia using a random number table. Both groups received CSEA plus PCEA at cervical dilation 3 cm during labor process, and parturients of the AICP group were implemented acupoint injection for which bilateral acupoint of Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) were selected in addition. The primary outcome was Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, and the secondary outcomes were obstetric outcomes and requirement of anesthetics doses. Safety evaluations were performed after intervention. RESULTS: The VAS scores were significantly lower in the AICP group than in the CP group at 10, 30, 60, and 120 min after labor analgesia (all P<0.05). The latent phase of the AICP group was shorter than that of the CP group (P<0.05). There were less additional anesthetics consumption, lower incidences of uterine atony, fever, pruritus and urinary retention in the AICP group than those in the CP group (all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupoint injection combined CSEA plus PCEA for labor analgesia can decrease the anesthetic consumption, improve analgesic quality, and reduce adverse reactions in the parturients. (Registration No. ChiMCTR-2000003120).

5.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 765375, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803990

RESUMO

Various diseases caused by food-borne or environmental pathogenic microorganisms have been a persistent threat to public health and global economies. It is necessary to regularly detect microorganisms in food and environment to prevent infection of pathogenic microorganisms. However, most traditional detection methods are expensive, time-consuming, and unfeasible in practice in the absence of sophisticated instruments and trained operators. Point-of-care testing (POCT) can be used to detect microorganisms rapidly on site and greatly improve the efficiency of microbial detection. Lab-on-chip (LOC) is an emerging POCT technology with great potential by integrating most of the experimental steps carried out in the laboratory into a single monolithic device. This review will primarily focus on principles and techniques of LOC for detection of microbial nucleic acid in food and environment, including sample preparation, nucleic acid amplification and sample detection.

6.
J Synchrotron Radiat ; 28(Pt 6): 1921-1926, 2021 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738947

RESUMO

X-ray ptychography, a technique based on scanning and processing of coherent diffraction patterns, is a non-destructive imaging technique with a high spatial resolution far beyond the focused beam size. Earlier demonstrations of hard X-ray ptychography at Taiwan Photon Source (TPS) using an in-house program successfully recorded the ptychographic diffraction patterns from a gold-made Siemens star as a test sample and retrieved the finest inner features of 25 nm. Ptychography was performed at two beamlines with different focusing optics: a pair of Kirkpatrick-Baez mirrors and a pair of nested Montel mirrors, for which the beam sizes on the focal planes were 3 µm and 200 nm and the photon energies were from 5.1 keV to 9 keV. The retrieved spatial resolutions are 20 nm to 11 nm determined by the 10-90% line-cut method and half-bit threshold of Fourier shell correlation. This article describes the experimental conditions and compensation methods, including position correction, mixture state-of-probe, and probe extension methods, of the aforementioned experiments. The discussions will highlight the criteria of ptychographic experiments at TPS as well as the opportunity to characterize beamlines by measuring factors such as the drift or instability of beams or stages and the coherence of beams. Besides, probe functions, the full complex fields illuminated on samples, can be recovered simultaneously using ptychography. Theoretically, the wavefield at any arbitrary position can be estimated from one recovered probe function undergoing wave-propagating. The verification of probe-propagating has been carried out by comparing the probe functions obtained by ptychography and undergoing wave-propagating located at 0, 500 and 1000 µm relative to the focal plane.

7.
BMC Med Imaging ; 21(1): 163, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742241

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In addition to nerve conduction studies (NCSs), ultrasonography has been widely used as an alternative tool for diagnosing carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Although the results of NCSs are influenced by local skin temperature, few studies have explored the effects of skin temperature on ultrasonography of the median nerve. Since swelling and intraneural blood flow of the median nerve might be influenced by local temperature changes, the aim of this study was to evaluate the cross-sectional area (CSA) and intraneural blood flow of the median nerve under three skin temperatures (30 °C, 32 °C, 34 °C). METHODS: Fifty patients with CTS and 50 healthy volunteers were consecutively recruited from a community hospital. Each participant received physical examinations and NCSs and underwent ultrasonography, including power Doppler, to evaluate intraneural vascularity. RESULTS: The CSA of the median nerve in the CTS patients was significantly larger than that in the healthy controls at all three temperatures. However, significant differences in the power Doppler signals of the median nerve between the two studied groups were observed only at 30 and 32 °C, not at 34 °C. CONCLUSION: The significant difference in the intraneural vascularity of the median nerve between the patients with CTS and the healthy subjects was lost at higher temperatures (34 °C). Therefore, the results of power Doppler ultrasonography in diagnosing CTS should be cautiously interpreted in patients with a high skin temperature or those who reside in warm environments.

8.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 712028, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722329

RESUMO

Sepsis is a common and often treacherous medical emergency with a high mortality and long-term complications in survivors. Though antibiotic therapy can reduce death rate of sepsis significantly, it impairs gut microbiota (GM), which play imperative roles in human health. In this study, we compared the therapeutic effects of antibiotics, probiotics, and Chinese medicine QRD on the survival rates of septic model and observed the GM characteristics of experimental rats via 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. The 72 h survival rates of septic rat demonstrated the significant therapeutic effects in the three groups treated with antibiotics (AT), Chinses medicine QRD (QT), and probiotics (PT), which were elevated from the survival rate of 26.67% for the sepsis control group (ST) to 100.0% for AT, 88.24% for QT, and 58.33% for PT. The original characteristics of GM identified in the sham operation controls (SC) were relatively similar to those in PT and QT; nevertheless, the AT rats were shown dramatically decreased in the GM diversity. In addition, the septic rats in AT were revealed the higher abundances of Escherichia Shigella, Proteus, Morganella, Enterococcus, and Lysinibacillus, but the lower those of Parabacteroides, Alistipes, Desulfovibrio, Bacteroides, Helicobacter, Mucispirillum, Oscillibacter, Lachnospiraceae, and Ruminiclostridium 9, when compared to the PT and QT rats. By contrast, the GM of PT and QT rats shared similar diversity and structure. Our findings indicated that QRD increased the survival rates without impairment of the GM characteristics, which provides novel insights into the role of Chinese medicine in therapy and long-term recovery of sepsis.

9.
J Asian Nat Prod Res ; : 1-10, 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762531

RESUMO

One new citrinin monomer derivative (1), and two new natural products α-pyrone analogues (2a and 2b), were isolated from the sponge derived fungus Penicillium sp. SCSIO 41302. Their structures were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis, chiral-phase HPLC analysis, modified Mosher's method, ECD calculations, and X-ray single-crystal diffraction. Bioactivity screening showed that compounds 2b and 8 exhibited obvious inhibitory activities against pancreatic lipase and acetyl cholinesterase with IC50 values of 48.5 and 4.8 µM, respectively, which indicated that different chiral center between enantiomers (2a and 2b) might result in different biological activities (IC50 value against PL for 2a >100 µg/ml).

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(41): e27469, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We conducted this meta-analysis to explore the tolerance of monotherapy with mirabegron (50 mg) on an overactive bladder, compared with a common dosage of anticholinergic agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search for all randomized controlled trials that evaluated the safety of mirabegron and anticholinergic agents on overactive bladder was performed, and we searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled trials databases, Pubmed, Embase, and relevant trials from 2013.02 to 2019.10. RESULTS: Eight studies included 5500 patients with treatment of monotherapy on overactive bladder were identified. The total number of treatment-emergent adverse events had no significantly difference between two monotherapies (RR = 0.88 95%CI: 0.76-1.01; P = .08); however, patients would have a better tolerance with mirabegron (50 mg) in adverse events of dry mouth (RR = 0.42; 95%CI: 0.33-0.53; P < .01) and tachycardia (RR = 0.52; 95%CI: 0.29-0.94; P = .03); and there were no significant differences between two groups in hypertension (RR = 1.02; 95%CI: 0.80-1.30; P = .90), constipation (RR = 0.91; 95%CI: 0.65-1.26; P = 0.57), blurred vision (RR = 1.03; 95%CI: 0.60-1.77; P = 0.92), and urinary tract infection (RR = 0.90; 95%CI: 0.70-1.16; P = .41). CONCLUSIONS: Treatment-emergent adverse events in patients with overactive bladder who underwent monotherapy of mirabegron (50 mg) or the anticholinergic agents had no significant differences, but mirabegron has a better tolerance in the aspect of dry mouth and tachycardia.


Assuntos
Acetanilidas/uso terapêutico , Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 3/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas Colinérgicos/uso terapêutico , Tiazóis/uso terapêutico , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/tratamento farmacológico , Acetanilidas/administração & dosagem , Acetanilidas/efeitos adversos , Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 3/administração & dosagem , Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos beta 3/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Antagonistas Colinérgicos/efeitos adversos , Constipação Intestinal/induzido quimicamente , Constipação Intestinal/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/induzido quimicamente , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Segurança , Taquicardia/induzido quimicamente , Taquicardia/epidemiologia , Tiazóis/administração & dosagem , Tiazóis/efeitos adversos , Infecções Urinárias/induzido quimicamente , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Baixa Visão/induzido quimicamente , Baixa Visão/epidemiologia , Xerostomia/induzido quimicamente , Xerostomia/epidemiologia
11.
Nat Nanotechnol ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795440

RESUMO

This study shows that the supramolecular arrangement of proteins in nanoparticle structures predicts nanoparticle accumulation in neutrophils in acute lung inflammation (ALI). We observed homing to inflamed lungs for a variety of nanoparticles with agglutinated protein (NAPs), defined by arrangement of protein in or on the nanoparticles via hydrophobic interactions, crosslinking and electrostatic interactions. Nanoparticles with symmetric protein arrangement (for example, viral capsids) had no selectivity for inflamed lungs. Flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry showed NAPs have tropism for pulmonary neutrophils. Protein-conjugated liposomes were engineered to recapitulate NAP tropism for pulmonary neutrophils. NAP uptake in neutrophils was shown to depend on complement opsonization. We demonstrate diagnostic imaging of ALI with NAPs; show NAP tropism for inflamed human donor lungs; and show that NAPs can remediate pulmonary oedema in ALI. This work demonstrates that structure-dependent tropism for neutrophils drives NAPs to inflamed lungs and shows NAPs can detect and treat ALI.

12.
13.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 21496, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34728732

RESUMO

One of the main objectives of microfluidic paper-based analytical devices is to present solutions particularly, for applications in low-resource settings. Therefore, screen-printing appears to be an attractive fabrication technique in the field, due to its overall simplicity, affordability, and high-scalability potential. Conversely, the minimum feature size attained using screen-printing is still rather low, especially compared to other fabrication methods, mainly attributed to the over-penetration of hydrophobic agents, underneath defined patterns on masks, into the fiber matrix of paper substrates. In this work, we propose the use of the over-penetration to our advantage, whereby an appropriate combination of hydrophobic agent temperature and substrate thickness, allows for the proper control of channel patterning, rendering considerably higher resolutions than prior arts. The implementation of Xuan paper and nail oil as novel substrate and hydrophobic agent, respectively, is proposed in this work. Under optimum conditions of temperature and substrate thickness, the resolution of the screen-printing method was pushed up to 97.83 ± 16.34 µm of channel width with acceptable repeatability. It was also found that a trade-off exists between achieving considerably high channel resolutions and maintaining high levels of repeatability of the process. Lastly, miniaturized microfluidic channels were successfully patterned on pH strips for colorimetric pH measurement, demonstrating its advantage on negligible sample-volume consumption in nano-liter range during chemical measurement and minimal interference on manipulation of precious samples, which for the first time, is realized on screen-printed microfluidic paper-based analytical devices.

14.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 748500, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744728

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus (DM) and its complications pose a major public health threat which is approaching epidemic proportions globally. Current drug options may not provide good efficacy and even cause serious adverse effects. Seeking safe and effective agents for DM treatment has been an area of intensive interest. As a healing system originating in Tibet, Traditional Tibetan Medicine (TTM) has been widely used by Tibetan people for the prevention and treatment of DM and its complications for hundreds of years. Tibetan Materia Medica (TMM) including the flower of Edgeworthia gardneri (Wall.) Meisn., Phyllanthi Fructus, Chebulae Fructus, Huidouba, and Berberidis Cortex are most frequently used and studied. These TMMs possess hypoglycemic, anti-insulin resistant, anti-glycation, lipid lowering, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidative effects. The underlying mechanisms of these actions may be related to their α-glucosidase inhibitory, insulin signaling promoting, PPARs-activating, gut microbiota modulation, islet ß cell-preserving, and TNF-α signaling suppressive properties. This review presents a comprehensive overview of the mode and mechanisms of action of various active constituents, extracts, preparations, and formulas from TMM. The dynamic beneficial effects of the products prepared from TMM for the management of DM and its complications are summarized. These TMMs are valuable materia medica which have the potential to be developed as safe and effective anti-DM agents.

15.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 19469, 2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593921

RESUMO

Gut microbiota is very important for energy metabolism and regulation, which in turn affect the health and physiological functions of the host, and provide energy required for exercise. Supplementation with probiotics may be one of the ways to change the gut microbiota. In recent years, many studies have shown that probiotic supplementation can effectively improve sports performance. In this study, we screened Lactobacillus plantarum (PL-02), a probiotic of human-origin, from the intestines of 2008 Olympic women's 48 kg weightlifting gold medalist and explored the role of PL-02 in improved exercise endurance performance, reduced fatigue biochemical parameters, and changes in body composition. Male Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) mice were assigned to 0, 2.05 × 109, 4.10 × 109 and 1.03 × 1010 CFU/kg/day groups and were fed by oral gavage once daily for 4 weeks. The results showed that 4 weeks of PL-02 supplementation could significantly increase muscle mass, muscle strength and endurance performance, and hepatic and muscular glycogen storage. Furthermore, PL-02 could significantly decrease lactate, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), ammonia, and creatine kinase (CK) levels after exercise (p < 0.05). We believe that PL-02 can be used as a supplement to improve exercise performance and for its anti-fatigue effect.

16.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2021 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647226

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 3 (SNHG3) is an oncogenic lncRNA that has been reported in many cancers, but the role of SNHG3 in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) remains largely unknown. Bioinformatic analysis revealed a regulatory relationship among SNHG3, miR-3173-5p, and ERG. miR-3173-5p is a tumour suppressive miRNA, while ERG is an oncogene. In the present study, we focused on the regulatory effects and molecular mechanisms of SNHG3 in CCA. METHOD: The expression of SNHG3 and miR-3173-5p was evaluated using qRT-PCR analysis. Knockdown of SNHG3 was achieved by shRNA. Cell viability was assessed by MTT assay. Migration and invasion were determined by Transwell assay. Flow cytometry was used to assess cell apoptosis. Western blots were applied to quantify protein levels. Furthermore, using RNA pulldown and dual luciferase assays, the interactions between SNHG3 and miR-3173-5p and between miR-3173-5p and ERG in CCA cells were validated. RESULTS: SNHG3 was significantly upregulated in CCA cells compared with normal human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cells. Knockdown of SNHG3 inhibited the proliferation and migration of CCA cells. Mechanistically, SNHG3-sponged miR-3173-5p, thus releasing the repression of ERG by miR-3173-5p. Rescue experiments showed that the miR-3173-5p/ERG axis mediated the oncogenic effect of SNHG3. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our data suggest that SNHG3 is a pleiotropic oncogenic lncRNA in CCA. Knockdown of SNHG3 expression suppressed malignant phenotypes in CCA cells via the miR-3173-5p/ERG axis.

17.
Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol ; 6(5): 1214-1219, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34667867

RESUMO

Objective: Proper position of an electromyographic (EMG) endotracheal tube within the larynx plays a key role in functional electrophysiologic intraoperative neural monitoring (IONM) in thyroid surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility of a portable video-assisted intubation device (UEScope) to verify the optimal placement of an EMG tube. Methods: A retrospective study enrolled 40 consecutive patients who underwent monitored thyroidectomies. After positioning the patient for surgery, an anesthesiologist performed tracheal intubation with UEScope and checked the position of the tube at the proper depth without rotation to the vocal cords. The main outcome measured was the proper EMG tube position, free from further adjustment. The secondary outcomes assessed were the percentage of available initial vagal stimulation (V1) signals. Results: All tracheal intubations were successful at first attempt. Proper EMG tube placement without position adjustment was found in 97.5% of the patients. Tube withdrawal was required in a male patient. All patients obtained detectable V1 signals; the lowest and median V1 amplitude was 485 and 767 µV as a reference value, respectively. Conclusion: The UEScope is a valuable and reliable tool for placing an EMG tube and confirming its position during monitored thyroidectomy. In addition, further tube adjustment might be waived in most cases when the anesthesiologist placed the EMG tube after patient positioning for surgery. Routine use of video-assisted intubation devices is highly recommended. Level of Evidence: 4.

19.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 744291, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34650543

RESUMO

Objectives: Ongoing acquisition of antimicrobial resistance genes has made Morganella morganii a new clinical treatment challenge. Understanding the molecular epidemiology of M. morganii will contribute to clinical treatment and prevention. Methods: We undertook a 6-year clinical molecular epidemiological investigation of M. morganii from three tertiary hospitals in China since 2014. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed using a VITEK-2 system. All isolates were screened for ß-lactam and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance genes by PCR. Isolates carrying carbapenem-resistant genes were subjected to whole-genome sequencing (WGS). The variation and evolution of these mobile genetic elements (MGEs) were then systematically analyzed. Results: Among all M. morganii isolates (n = 335), forty (11.9%) were recognized as multidrug resistant strains. qnrD1, aac(6')-Ib-cr, bla TEM-104, and bla CTX-M-162 were the top four most prevalent resistance genes. Notably, phylogenomic and population structure analysis suggested clade 1 (rhierBAPS SC3 and SC5) associated with multiple resistance genes seemed to be widely spread. WGS showed a bla OXA-181-carrying IncX3 plasmid and a Proteus genomic island 2 variant carrying bla CTX-M-3, aac(6')-Ib-cr coexisted in the same multidrug resistant strain zy_m28. Additionally, a bla IMP-1-carrying IncP-1ß type plasmid was found in the strain nx_m63. Conclusion: This study indicates a clade of M. morganii is prone to acquire resistance genes, and multidrug resistant M. morganii are increasing by harboring a variety of MGEs including two newly discovered ones in the species. We should be vigilant that M. morganii may bring more extensive and challenging antimicrobial resistance issue.

20.
Sci Total Environ ; 807(Pt 2): 150900, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34653455

RESUMO

In this study, batched hydrothermal experiments on corn stalk were conducted at 240-330 °C under CO2 or inert (N2) atmosphere. The distribution and characteristics of gaseous, solid, and liquid products were analyzed in detail to comprehensively investigate the effects of CO2 on the hydrothermal conversion of biomass, especially on the cellulose and lignin in biomass. The results demonstrate that compared with N2, CO2 slightly increased the liquid and gas yields and significantly improved the control effect of temperature on bio-oil components. Under CO2 atmosphere, bio-oil achieved effective enrichment of ketones and phenols at 240 °C and 300 °C, respectively, and their highest relative contents reached 44.8% and 62.0%, respectively. In addition, the hydrochar obtained under CO2 atmosphere showed higher crystallinity, which is conducive to its subsequent utilization. This study explored the feasibility of introducing CO2 into the biomass hydrothermal process to realize the high-value utilization of biomass waste and the reuse of CO2.

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