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1.
Neural Regen Res ; 17(6): 1318-1323, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34782577

RESUMO

Oscillating field stimulation (OFS) is a potential method for treating spinal cord injury. Although it has been used in spinal cord injury (SCI) therapy in basic and clinical studies, its underlying mechanism and the correlation between its duration and nerve injury repair remain poorly understood. In this study, we established rat models of spinal cord contusion at T10 and then administered 12 weeks of OFS. The results revealed that effectively promotes the recovery of motor function required continuous OFS for more than 6 weeks. The underlying mechanism may be related to the effects of OFS on promoting axon regeneration, inhibiting astrocyte proliferation, and improving the linear arrangement of astrocytes. This study was approved by the Animal Experiments and Experimental Animal Welfare Committee of Capital Medical University (supplemental approval No. AEEI-2021-204) on July 26, 2021.

2.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 9(5): 647-654, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722179

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is one of the leading causes of death in patients with liver cirrhosis. We aimed to establish a prognostic model to evaluate the 1-year survival of cirrhosis patients after the first episode of SBP. Methods: A prognostic model was developed based on a retrospective derivation cohort of 309 cirrhosis patients with first-ever SBP and was validated in a separate validation cohort of 141 patients. We used Uno's concordance, calibration curve, and decision curve (DCA) analysis to evaluate the discrimination, calibration, and clinical net benefit of the model. Results: A total of 59 (19.1%) patients in the derivation cohort and 42 (29.8%) patients in the validation cohort died over the course of 1 year. A prognostic model in nomogram form was developed with predictors including age [hazard ratio (HR): 1.25; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.92-1.71], total serum bilirubin (HR: 1.66; 95% CI: 1.28-2.14), serum sodium (HR: 0.94; 95% CI: 0.90-0.98), history of hypertension (HR: 2.52; 95% CI: 1.44-4.41) and hepatic encephalopathy (HR: 2.06; 95% CI: 1.13-3.73). The nomogram had a higher concordance (0.79) compared with the model end-stage liver disease (0.67) or Child-Turcotte-Pugh (0.71) score. The nomogram also showed acceptable calibration (calibration slope, 1.12; Bier score, 0.15±0.21) and optimal clinical net benefit in the validation cohort. Conclusions: This prediction model developed based on characteristics of first-ever SBP patients may benefit the prediction of patients' 1-year survival.

3.
J Inflamm Res ; 14: 5633-5646, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744447

RESUMO

Background: Immune function influenced patients' recovery from major abdominal surgery. The aim of this study is to explore the clinical feasibility of peripheral lymphocyte absolute counts for predicting short-term surgical outcomes in gastric cancer patients after laparoscopic D2 gastrectomy. Methods: This is a prospective cohort study from a single tertiary referral hospital. Patients diagnosed with gastric cancer who met the inclusion criteria were included in this study. We collected the demographic and clinicopathological characteristics of included patients. We monitored perioperative dynamics of absolute counts of peripheral lymphocyte subsets. Predictive factors for length of postoperative hospital stay and complications were investigated in univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: A total of 137 gastric cancer patients were included. Decreased preoperative absolute counts of peripheral lymphocyte subsets were correlated with advanced clinical stage. In multivariate analysis, independent predictive factors for prolonged hospital stay were age (p=0.04), decreased preoperative B cell counts (p=0.05), decreased preoperative NK cell counts (p=0.05) and complications (p<0.01). For postoperative complication, independent predictive factors were age (p=0.02), operation time (p=0.05), lymphocyte to C-reactive protein ratio (p=0.01) and decreased preoperative B cell counts (p=0.01). Conclusion: Our findings for the first time revealed that absolute counts of peripheral lymphocyte subsets are independent predictive factors for surgical outcomes in gastric cancer patients after D2 gastrectomy. We suggested that patients with impaired immune state should receive both preoperative immune modulator and nutritional support.

4.
Pregnancy Hypertens ; 26: 102-109, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34739939

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To predict risk of pre-eclampsia (PE) in women using machine learning (ML) algorithms, based on electronic health records (EHR) collected at the early second trimester. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 3759 cases of pregnancy who received antenatal care at Xinhua hospital Chongming branch Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University were included in this retrospective EHR-based study. Thirty-eight candidate clinical parameters routinely available at the first visit in antenatal care were collected by manual chart review. Logistic regression (LR), random forest (RF), support vector machine (SVM) and extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) were used to construct the prediction model. Features that contributed to the model predictions were identified using XGBoost. OUTCOME MEASURES: The performance of ML models to predict women at risk of PE was quantified in terms of accuracy, precision, recall, false negative score, f1_score, brier score and the area under the receiver operating curve (auROC). RESULTS: The XGboost model had the best prediction performance (accuracy = 0.920, precision = 0.447, recall = 0.789, f1_score = 0.571, auROC = 0.955). The most predictive feature of PE development was fasting plasma glucose, followed by mean blood pressure and body mass index. An easy-to-use model that a patient could answer independently still enabled accurate prediction, with auROC of 0.83. CONCLUSION: risk of PE development can be predicted with excellent discriminative ability using ML algorithms based on EHR collected at the early second trimester. Future studies are needed to assess the real-world clinical utility of the model.

5.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2021 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34813313

RESUMO

Disinfection byproduct (DBP) exposure has been associated with birth size, pregnancy oxidative stress, and other adverse perinatal outcomes. However, little is known about the potential effect of prenatal DBP exposure on intrauterine growth. The present study included 1516 pregnant women from the Xiaogan Disinfection By-Products (XGDBP) birth cohort who were measured for four blood trihalomethanes [i.e., chloroform (TCM), bromodichloromethane (BDCM), dibromochloromethane (DBCM), and bromoform (TBM)] and two urinary haloacetic acids [i.e., dichloroacetic acid (DCAA) and trichloroacetic acid (TCAA)] across pregnancy trimesters. Second- and third-trimester fetal ultrasound measures of the abdominal circumference (AC), head circumference, biparietal diameter, femur length, and estimated fetal weight and birth weight were converted into z-scores. After adjusting for potential confounders, linear mixed models showed a decreasing AC z-score across tertiles of blood brominated THM (Br-THMs, the sum of BDCM, DBCM, and TBM) and total THM (THM4, the sum of Br-THMs and TCM) concentrations (both p for trend <0.01). We also observed a decreasing AC z-score across categories of blood TBM during pregnancy trimesters (p for trend = 0.03). Urinary haloacetic acids were unrelated to fetal growth parameters. In summary, prenatal exposure to THMs, particularly during the first trimester, was associated with reduced fetal abdominal circumference.

6.
Bioresour Technol ; : 126368, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34808317

RESUMO

Biorefinery of Ramulus mori with lower energy consumption through improved enzyme and pretreatment strategies was reported. Directed evolution and saturation mutagenesis were used for the modification of xylanase, the yield of fermentable sugars and the degree of synergy (DS) were determined for different pretreatment (seawater/non-seawater) and enzyme treatment groups (xylanase/cellulase/co-treatment). The dominant mutant I133A/Q143Y of Bispora sp. xylanase XYL10C_ΔN was obtained with improved specific activity (1860 U/mg), catalytic efficiency (1150 mL/s∙mg) at 40°C, and thermostability (T50 increased by 7°C). With the pretreatment of seawater immersion, the highest yield of fermentable sugars for Ramulus mori at 40°C reached 199 µmol/g when hydrolyzed with cellulase and I133A/Q143Y, with the highest DS of 2.6; this was 4.5-fold that of the group hydrolyzed by cellulase alone with non-seawater pretreatment. Thus, bioconversion of reducing sugar from Ramulus mori was improved significantly at lower temperatures, which provides an efficient and energy-saving wayfor biofuel production.

7.
Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) ; 9(5): 443-450, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733530

RESUMO

Background: The clinical value of programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in colorectal liver oligometastases (CLOs) remains undefined. This study aimed to detect PD-L1 in the microenvironment of CLOs and determine its association with patient prognosis. Methods: We collected 126 liver-resection specimens from CLO patients who underwent curative liver resection between June 1999 and December 2016. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) was performed to assess PD-L1 expression in paraffin-embedded specimens. Overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) were analysed using the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test. Results: PD-L1 was mainly expressed in the stroma of liver oligometastases. Patients with high PD-L1 expression had a higher proportion of clinical-risk scores (CRSs) of 2-4 (67.7% vs 40.4%; P = 0.004). With a median 58-month follow-up, patients with high PD-L1 expression had a significantly lower 3-year OS rate (65.5% vs 92.7%; P = 0.001) and 3-year RFS rate (34.7% vs 83.8%; P < 0.001) than patients with low PD-L1 expression. Multivariate Cox analysis demonstrated that high PD-L1 expression (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.581; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.301-9.972; P = 0.015), CRS 2-4 (HR = 6.960; 95% CI 1.135-42.689; P = 0.036) and increased preoperative CA19-9 (HR = 2.843; 95% CI 1.229-6.576; P = 0.015) were independent risk factors for OS. High PD-L1 expression (HR = 4.815; 95% CI 2.139-10.837; P < 0.001) and lymph-node metastasis (HR = 2.115; 95% CI 1.041-4.297; P = 0.038) were independent risk factors for RFS. Conclusion: This study found that PD-L1 was commonly expressed in the tumour stroma of CLOs and high PD-L1 expression was associated with poor prognosis.

8.
Front Oncol ; 11: 771247, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733795

RESUMO

As a main component of the tumor microenvironment, the stroma is critical in development, progression, and metastasis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The genomic status and its relationship of neoplastic and stromal components remain unclear in PDAC. We performed targeted sequencing for 1,021 cancer-suspected genes on parallel microdissected stromal and neoplastic components from 50 operable PDAC patients. Clonality analysis of mutations was conducted to reconstruct the evolutionary trajectory, and then molecular subtypes were established. Multi-lineage differentiation potential and mesenchymal transformation of KRAS-mutant cell line Panc1 were evaluated using RT-PCR and immunofluorescence staining. In this study, 39 (78.0%) were genomically altered in stroma, with KRAS (71.8%), TP53 (61.5%), and CDKN2A (23.1%) as the most commonly mutated genes. The majority of stromal mutations (89.8%) were detected in matched neoplastic components. Patients with KRAS/TP53-mut stroma demonstrated a higher tumor cell fraction (TCF) than did those with wild-type (WT) stroma (p = 0.0371, p = 0.0014). In both components, mutants KRAS and TP53 often occurred as clonal events, and the allele frequencies presented linear correlation in the same specimen. All neoplasm-like stroma (characterized with all or initial neoplastic clones and driver events in stroma) harbored KRAS or TP53 mutations. Neoplasm-like and KRAS-mutant stroma was associated with shorter disease-free survival. It is a new finding for the existence of driver gene mutations in PDAC stroma. These data suggest that genomic features of stromal components may serve as prognostic biomarkers in resectable PDAC and might help to guide a more precise treatment paradigm in therapeutic options.

10.
ACS Synth Biol ; 10(11): 2784-2795, 2021 11 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34757715

RESUMO

Plant natural products (PNPs) represent a vast and diverse group of natural products, which have wide applications such as emulsifiers in cosmetics, sweeteners in foods, and active ingredients in medicines. Large-scale production of certain PNPs (e.g., artemisinin, taxol) has been implemented by reconstruction of biosynthetic pathways in heterologous hosts. However, unknown biosynthetic pathways greatly restrict wide applications of heterologous production of PNPs of interest. With the rapid development of sequencing and multiomics analysis technologies, huge amounts of omics data, i.e., genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics, have been deposited in public databases, which is a precious resource for identification of the unknown biosynthetic pathway of PNPs. Herein, we have enumerated the approaches which have been widely used to screen candidate genes involved in the biosynthesis of PNPs of interest. We also discuss recent developments in the characterization of putative genes and elucidation of the complete biosynthetic pathway in heterologous hosts.

11.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2021 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806878

RESUMO

The composition and radiative forcing of light-absorbing brown carbon (BrC) aerosol remain poorly understood. Polycyclic aromatics (PAs) are BrC chromophores with fused benzene rings. Understanding the occurrence and significance of PAs in BrC is challenging due to a lack of standards for many PAs. In this study, we quantified polycyclic aromatic carbon (PAC), defined as the carbon of fused benzene rings, based on molecular markers (benzene polycarboxylic acids, BPCAs). Open biomass burning aerosols (OBBAs) of 22 rainforest plants were successively extracted with water and methanol for the analysis of water- and methanol-soluble PAC (WPAC and MPAC, respectively). PAC is an important fraction of water- and methanol-soluble organic carbon (WSOC and MSOC, respectively). WPAC/WSOC ranged from 0.03 to 0.18, and MPAC/MSOC was even higher (range: 0.16-0.80). The priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons contributed less than 1% of MPAC. The mass absorption efficiency (MAE) of MSOC showed a strong linear correlation with MPAC/MSOC (r = 0.60-0.95, p < 0.01). The absorption Ångström exponent (AAE) of methanol-soluble BrC showed a strong linear correlation with the degree of aromatic condensation of MPAC, which was described by the average number of carboxylic groups of BPCA (r = -0.79, p < 0.01). This result suggested that PAC was a key fraction determining the light absorption properties (i.e., light absorptivity and wavelength dependence) of methanol-soluble BrC in OBBAs.

12.
Chem Sci ; 12(41): 13613-13647, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34760149

RESUMO

Many fields in chemical biology and synthetic biology require effective bioconjugation methods to achieve their desired functions and activities. Among such biomolecule conjugates, antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) need a linker that provides a stable linkage between cytotoxic drugs and antibodies, whilst conjugating in a biologically benign, fast and selective fashion. This review focuses on how the development of novel organic synthesis can solve the problems of traditional linker technology. The review shall introduce and analyse the current developments in the modification of native amino acids on peptides or proteins and their applicability to ADC linker. Thereafter, the review shall discuss in detail each endogenous amino acid's intrinsic reactivity and selectivity aspects, and address the research effort to construct an ADC using each conjugation method.

14.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 22593, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34799645

RESUMO

Mesenchymal progenitors differentiate into several tissues including bone, cartilage, and adipose. Targeting these cells in vivo is challenging, making mesenchymal progenitor cell lines valuable tools to study tissue development. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be isolated from humans and animals; however, obtaining homogenous, responsive cells in a reproducible fashion is challenging. As such, we developed two mesenchymal progenitor cell (MPC) lines, MPC1 and MPC2, generated from bone marrow of male C57BL/6 mice. These cells were immortalized using the temperature sensitive large T-antigen, allowing for thermal control of proliferation and differentiation. Both MPC1 and MPC2 cells are capable of osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic differentiation. Under osteogenic conditions, both lines formed mineralized nodules, and stained for alizarin red and alkaline phosphatase, while expressing osteogenic genes including Sost, Fgf23, and Dmp1. Sost and Dmp1 mRNA levels were drastically reduced with addition of parathyroid hormone, thus recapitulating in vivo responses. MPC cells secreted intact (iFGF23) and C-terminal (cFGF23) forms of the endocrine hormone FGF23, which was upregulated by 1,25 dihydroxy vitamin D (1,25D). Both lines also rapidly entered the adipogenic lineage, expressing adipose markers after 4 days in adipogenic media. MPC cells were also capable of chondrogenic differentiation, displaying increased expression of cartilaginous genes including aggrecan, Sox9, and Comp. With the ability to differentiate into multiple mesenchymal lineages and mimic in vivo responses of key regulatory genes/proteins, MPC cells are a valuable model to study factors that regulate mesenchymal lineage allocation as well as the mechanisms that dictate transcription, protein modification, and secretion of these factors.

15.
Front Mol Biosci ; 8: 733271, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34765644

RESUMO

Background: The role of hyaluronan-mediated motility receptor (HMMR) in colorectal cancer (CRC) remains unclear. The present study aimed to explore the association of HMMR with the development and prognosis of CRC using sequence datasets, clinical tissues, blood samples, and cell lines. Methods: CRC datasets were downloaded from TCGA and GEO databases. Forty CRC tissue samples, 120 CRC blood samples, and 100 healthy controls were collected. Four CRC cell lines (HCT116, HT-29, LoVo, and SW480) and one normal human colon mucosal epithelial cell line (NCM460) were cultured. RT-qPCR was used to determine the expression of HMMR in the tissues and cell lines. ELISA was used to measure HMMR levels in the blood samples. Results: The expression of HMMR was significantly increased in CRC tissues than in corresponding adjacent tissues based on TCGA and GEO datasets, and clinical CRC tissues. No associations were found between the expression of HMMR and the TNM stage or other clinical parameters. The expression of HMMR varied in different CRC cell lines. The blood levels of HMMR tended to be higher in patients with CRC than in healthy controls. TCGA and GEO datasets showed inconsistent results regarding the association of HMMR expression with the survival of patients with CRC. Conclusion: The expression of HMMR is increased in CRC tissues but not in the blood. The expression of HMMR is independent of CRC development and has no prognostic significance in patients with CRC.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34773240

RESUMO

The antagonistic effect of selenium (Se) against cadmium (Cd)-induced breast carcinogenesis was reported, but underlying mechanisms were unclear. The aim of this study was to identify the epigenetically regulated genes and biological pathways mediating the antagonistic effect. We exposed MCF-7 cells to Cd and Se alone or simultaneously. Cell proliferation was assessed by MTT assay, and differential epigenome (DNA methylation, microRNA, and long non-coding RNA) was obtained by microarrays. We cross-verified the epigenetic markers with differential transcriptome, and the ones modulated by Cd and Se in opposite directions were regarded to mediate the antagonistic effect. The epigenetically regulated genes were validated by using gene expression data in human breast tissues. We further assessed the biological functions of these validated genes. Our results showed that Se alleviated the proliferative effect of Cd on MCF-7 cell. A total of 10 epigenetically regulated genes were regarded to mediate the antagonistic effect, including APBA2, KIAA0895, DHX35, CPEB3, SVIL, MYLK, ZFYVE28, ABLIM2, GRB10, and PCDH9. Biological function analyses suggested that these epigenetically regulated genes were involved in multiple cancer-related pathways, such as focal adhesion and PI3K/Akt pathway. In conclusion, we provided evidence that Se antagonized the Cd-induced breast carcinogenesis via epigenetic modification and revealed the critical pathways.

17.
Neoplasma ; 2021 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779643

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the most common malignancies in men worldwide, and metastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) has shown a poor prognosis. Although chemotherapy and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) have improved clinical outcomes, the median survival (MS) of patients with mCRPC is still less than 2 years. With the development of poly adenosine diphosphate-ribose polymerase inhibitor (PARPi), the treatment strategy for patients with mCRPC has markedly evolved. Olaparib, a type of PARPi that can selectively induce synthetic lethality in cancer cells with homologous recombination (HR) deficiencies, was the first type of PARPi approved for treating patients with mCRPC harboring mutations in HR repair (HRR) genes. This review discusses and summarizes the latest progress on therapeutic mechanisms, monotherapy, combination therapy, and adverse events of Olaparib.

18.
Eur Respir J ; 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34625481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Population studies show that the use of swimming pools is associated with the risk of asthma and allergic diseases among children. OBJECTIVE: To explore the associations between blood trihalomethane (THM) concentrations and asthma among U.S. adolescents and assess to what extent the association is modified by active tobacco smoke exposure. METHODS: We included 2359 adolescents aged 12-19 years with measured blood concentrations of chloroform (TCM), bromodichloromethane (BDCM), dibromochloromethane (DBCM), and bromoform (TBM) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2005-2012. Logistic regression models were fitted to assess the odds ratios (ORs) for the association of THM concentrations (three or four categories) with the risk of self-reported current and ever (lifetime) asthma. RESULTS: Blood DBCM concentration was associated with a greater risk of ever asthma among all adolescents (OR=1.54; 95% confidence intervals: 1.07, 2.21, comparing the extreme exposure categories). The relation was stronger among adolescents exposed to tobacco smoke (OR=3.96; 1.89, 8.30, comparing the extreme exposure categories). We also found positive relationships between brominated THMs (sum of BDCM, DBCM, and TBM) and risk of ever asthma and between DBCM and brominated THMs and risk of current asthma among adolescents with tobacco smoke exposure. The relative excess risk of ever asthma due to the interaction between high blood DBCM and brominated THMs and tobacco smoke exposure was 1.87 (0.30, 3.43) and 0.78 (0.07, 1.49), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to THMs is associated with a greater risk of asthma in adolescents, particularly among those exposed to tobacco smoke.

19.
J Appl Lab Med ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The circulating concentration of 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1α,25(OH)2D] is very low, and the presence of multiple isomers may lead to inaccurate quantitation if not separated prior to analysis. Antibody-based immunoextraction procedures are sometimes used to remove structurally related isomers of 1α,25(OH)2D prior to an LC-MS/MS analysis. However, immunoextraction increases sample preparation time and cost. In addition, some dihydroxyvitamin D metabolites are not completely removed by immunoextraction. METHOD: We developed an HPLC method using a phenyl-hexyl column to investigate interfering isomers of 1α,25(OH)2D. RESULT: Using this method, 4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione (PTAD) derivatization product of 1α,25(OH)2D was found to be present as 2 epimers, which were separated chromatographically with an area ratio of 2:1. PTAD derivatized metabolite of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [i.e., 4ß,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (4ß,25(OH)2D3)] eluted out between 6R and 6S epimers of derivatized 1α,25(OH)2D3. If not chromatographically resolved, 4ß,25(OH)2D can affect 1α,25(OH)2D quantitation. In a method comparison study, it was found that the presence of 4ß,25(OH)2D produced positive bias up to 127% on 1α,25(OH)2D3 quantitation. CONCLUSION: The LC-MS/MS method we developed without an immunoextraction procedure was able to resolve the major interference peak from 1α,25(OH)2D and achieved reliable quantitation of 1α,25(OH)2D.

20.
Front Pharmacol ; 12: 709528, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34603024

RESUMO

Purpose: Lung cancer is the largest cause of cancer deaths in the world. Platinum-based chemotherapy is a foundation of first-line chemotherapy. However, the prognosis of lung cancer treated with platinum-based chemotherapy is still a challenge. Single nucleotide polymorphism of non-coding RNA has the potential to be a biomarker, but its effectiveness has yet to be comprehensively assessed. In this study, we explored the association between polymorphisms of non-coding RNA and prognosis of lung cancer patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy. Materials and Methods: For 446 lung cancer patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy, 22 single nucleotide polymorphisms of microRNA and long noncoding RNA were genotyped by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Cox regression analysis, Kaplan-Meier method, and long-rank test have been performed to assess the association of overall and progression-free survival with polymorphisms. Results: In the additive and dominant models, genetic polymorphism of ANRIL rs1333049 (G > C) was significantly associated with progression-free survival. Additive model: CC vs GC vs GG [HR = 0.84, p = 0.021, 95% CI (0.73-0.97)]; Recessive model: CC vs GG + GC [HR = 0.77, p = 0.026, 95% CI (0.61-0.97)]. In the dominant model, compared with the CC genotype patients, lower risk of death [HR = 0.81, p = 0.036, 95% CI (0.66-0.99)] and lower risk of progression [HR = 0.81, p = 0.040, 95% CI (0.67-0.99)] have been observed on the patients with CG or GG genotype in miR-146A rs2910164. Conclusion: Our research demonstrated the potential of using ANRIL rs1333049 (G > C) and miR-146A rs2910164 (C > G) as biomarkers to support the prediction of a better prognosis for lung cancer patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy.

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