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2.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 646097, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33953695

RESUMO

Objectives: Patients with primary aldosteronism (PA) have cardiac remodeling due to hemodynamic and non-hemodynamic causes. However, component analysis of cardiac remodeling and reversal in PA patients is lacking. We investigated components of cardiac remodeling and reversal after adrenalectomy in patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA). Methods: This study prospectively enrolled 304 APA patients who received adrenalectomy and 271 with essential hypertension (EH). Clinical, biochemical and echocardiographic data were collected in both groups and 1 year after surgery in the APA patients. The hemodynamic and non-hemodynamic components of left ventricular (LV) remodeling were represented by predicted left ventricular mass index (LVMI) (pLVMI) and inappropriately excessive LVMI (ieLVMI, defined as LVMI-pLVMI). Results: After propensity score matching, 213 APA and 213 EH patients were selected. APA patients had higher hemodynamic (pLVMI) and non-hemodynamic (ieLVMI) components of LV remodeling than EH patients. In multivariate analysis, baseline pLVMI was correlated with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and serum potassium, whereas ieLVMI was correlated with log plasma aldosterone concentration but not blood pressure. Post-operative echocardiography was available in 207 patents and showed significant decreases in both pLVMI and ieLVMI after adrenalectomy. In multivariate analysis, ΔpLVMI was correlated with SBP, ΔSBP, and pre-operative pLVMI, whereas ΔieLVMI was correlated with Δlog aldosterone-to-renin ratio (ARR) and pre-operative ieLVMI. Conclusions: This study concluded that extensive cardiac remodeling in APA patients occurs through hemodynamic and non-hemodynamic causes. Adrenalectomy can improve both hemodynamic and non-hemodynamic components of LV remodeling. Regressions of pLVMI and ieLVMI were correlated with decreases in blood pressure and ARR, respectively.

3.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33906783

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to update the information on internationally acceptable standards and clinical practice recommendations for the management of patients with primary aldosteronism (PA). The Taiwan Society of Aldosteronism (TSA) Task Force acknowledged the novel issues of PA and reached a group consensus on PA in Taiwan by collecting the best available evidence and conducting one group meeting, several conference calls, and multiple e-mail communications. Unilateral adrenalectomy is the preferred treatment for patients with aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA). For medical treatment with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs), spironolactone is the first-line treatment, and eplerenone is a reasonable alternative in PA patients intolerant or contraindicated to spironolactone. The dose of MRAs can be titrated according to plasma renin activity (PRA). For screening PA-related comorbidities, we suggest albuminuria to predict a post-treatment decline in renal function, echocardiography as cardiac evaluation, bone mineral density scan for osteoporosis, and obstructive sleep apnea. In tissue and genetic surveys, we suggest immunohistochemical staining and somatic mutation screening for post-operative adrenal specimens in APA patients. With this consensus, we hope to update the information on PA for clinical physicians to facilitate better identification, management and treatment of patients with PA.

4.
Protein Expr Purif ; 183: 105863, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677085

RESUMO

The 2-Deoxy-d-ribose-5-phosphate aldolase (DERA) enzyme in psychrophilic bacteria has gradually attracted the attention of researchers. A novel gene, deoC (681 bp), encoding DERAPsy, was identified in Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae B728a, recombinantly expressed in E. coli BL21 and purified via affinity chromatography, which yielded a homodimeric enzyme of 23 kDa. The specific activity of DERAPsy toward 2-deoxy-d-ribose-5-phosphate (DR5P) was 7.37 ± 0.03 U/mg, and 61.32% of its initial activity remained after incubation in 300 mM acetaldehyde at 25 °C for 2 h. Based on the calculation results (dock binding free energy) with the ligand chloroacetaldehyde (CAH), five target substitutions (T16L, F69R, V66K, S188V, and G189R) were identified, in which the DERAPsy mutant (G189R) exhibited higher catalytic activity toward DR5P than DERAPsy. Only the DERAPsy mutant (V66K) exhibited 12% higher activity toward chloroacetaldehyde and acetaldehyde condensation reactions than DERAPsy. Fortunately, the aldehyde tolerance of these mutants exhibited no significant decline compared with the wild type. These results indicate an effective strategy for enhancing DERA activity.

5.
Chemosphere ; 276: 130108, 2021 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33711793

RESUMO

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of persistent organic global environmental pollutants and cause harmful effects on human health. Here, we evaluated adverse effects of chrysene, which is a four-ring PAH and an important member of 16 priority PAHs, on the liver. Chrysene was detected in some common raw and cooked Chinese food samples. Hepatotoxicity including increased relative liver weight, hepatocyte swelling and degeneration, and elevated serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels were observed in chrysene-exposed C57BL/6 mice. Glutamine treatment effectively ameliorated chrysene-induced mice liver injury by decreasing serum ALT levels. Chrysene induced mice hepatic glutathione depletion and oxidative DNA damage with increased 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels. Hepatic expression levels of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), AhR-related target genes including CYP1A1, CYP1A2 and CYP1B1, and AhR nuclear translocator (ARNT) were significantly increased in chrysene-exposed C57BL/6 mice. Chrysene induced mice hepatic mRNA levels of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and Nrf2-mediated phase II detoxifying and antioxidant enzymes including NQO1, UGT1A1, UGT1A6, SULT1A1, GSTm1, GSTm3, Catalase (CAT), GPx1, and SOD2. We found that chrysene had toxic effects including increased relative liver weight and elevated serum ALT levels on AhR+/+ mice but not AhR-/- mice. Chrysene significantly induced hepatic mRNA levels of CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 in AhR+/+ mice but not AhR-/- mice. To our knowledge, this study is the first to demonstrate that hepatotoxicity causes by chrysene is dependent on AhR, and Nrf2 plays an important regulation role in protection against oxidative liver injury induced by chrysene.

6.
J Food Biochem ; 45(2): e13624, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33615508

RESUMO

Muscle carnosine represents an important health advantage of meat. Ground pork samples with intrinsic or added carnosine; fat content; and cooked under low or high intensity as a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial were digested in-vitro. Changes in free carnosine and in markers of lipid (hexanal, 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE), malondialdehyde (MDA) and protein (protein-carbonyls, thiols) oxidation, and of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) Nε -(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML) were determined in the saliva, gastric, and duodenal digests. During digestion, the different markers overall indicated increased oxidation and decreased free carnosine. Increasing pork carnosine level significantly reduced protein carbonyls, loss of thiols, and 4-HNE during in-vitro gastric digestion, irrespective of fat and cooking level of the meat. Increased carnosine also significantly reduced hexanal, MDA and CML up to the duodenum phase in moderately cooked lean pork. Besides substantiating the formation of AGEs during digestion, these results show a potentially important role of dietary carnosine occurring in the gastrointestinal tract. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: The ailments epidemiologically associated with red meat consumption could be counteracted by ingesting carnosine into meat. The health advantages of dietary carnosine, however, have never been demonstrated during digestion, a unique and complex oxidative environment compounded by the composition and cooking of the meat. The results obtained substantiated that AGEs formation occurred in-vitro in the GIT. They also showed that increased carnosine had an immediate health beneficial role during pork digestion in reducing the formation of different harmful molecules, including AGEs, modulated by the composition and cooking of the meat. However, in exerting this protective role in the GIT, the remaining free level of carnosine, gradually decreased during digestion. Carnosine, as an important meat compositional factor may, depending on the fat content and cooking conditions, change the image of meat from representing a health risk to a health benefit. Carnosine level may also explain discrepancies observed in the literature.

7.
Vaccine ; 39(8): 1241-1247, 2021 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33516600

RESUMO

Without approved vaccines and specific treatments, COVID-19 is spreading around the world with above 26 million cases and approximately 864 thousand deaths until now. An efficacious and affordable vaccine is urgently needed. The Val308 - Gly548 of spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 linked with Gln830 - Glu843 of Tetanus toxoid (TT peptide) (designated as S1-4) and without TT peptide (designated as S1-5) were expressed and renatured. The antigenicity and immunogenicity of S1-4 were evaluated by Western Blotting (WB) in vitro and immune responses in mice, respectively. The protective efficiency was measured preliminarily by microneutralization assay (MN50). The soluble S1-4 and S1-5 protein was prepared to high homogeneity and purity. Adjuvanted with Alum, S1-4 protein stimulated a strong antibody response in immunized mice and caused a major Th2-type cellular immunity supplemented with Th1-type immunity. Furthermore, the immunized sera could protect the Vero E6 cells from SARS-CoV-2 infection with neutralizing antibody titer 256. Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 RBD with a built in T helper epitope could stimulate both strong humoral immunity supplemented with cellular immunity in mice, demonstrating that it could be a promising subunit vaccine candidate.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Epitopos de Linfócito T/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Formação de Anticorpos , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética
8.
Hypertension ; 77(1): 114-125, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33249859

RESUMO

Primary aldosteronism is the most common secondary endocrine form of hypertension and causes many cardiovascular injuries. KCNJ5 somatic mutations have recently been identified in aldosterone-producing adenoma. However, their impacts on left ventricular remodeling precluding the interference of age, sex, and blood pressure are still uncertain. We enrolled 184 aldosterone-producing adenoma patients who received adrenalectomy. Clinical, biochemical, and echocardiographic data were analyzed preoperatively and 1 year postoperatively. KCNJ5 gene sequencing of aldosterone-producing adenoma was performed. After propensity score matching for age, sex, body mass index, blood pressure, hypertension duration, and number of hypertensive medications, there were 60 patients in each group with and without KCNJ5 mutations. The mutation carriers had higher left ventricular mass index (LVMI) and inappropriately excessive LVMI (ieLVMI) and lower e' than the noncarriers. After adrenalectomy, the mutation carriers had greater decreases in LVMI and ieLVMI than the noncarriers. In addition, only mutation carriers had a significant decrease in E/e' after surgery. In multivariate analysis, baseline LVMI correlated with KCNJ5 mutations, the number of hypertensive medications, and systolic blood pressure. Baseline ieLVMI correlated with KCNJ5 mutations and the number of hypertensive medications. The regression of both LVMI and ieLVMI after surgery was mainly correlated with KCNJ5 mutations and changes in systolic blood pressure. Aldosterone-producing adenoma patients with KCNJ5 mutations had higher LVMI and ieLVMI and a greater regression of LVMI and ieLVMI after adrenalectomy than those without mutations. The patients with KCNJ5 mutations also benefited from adrenalectomy with regard to left ventricular diastolic function, whereas noncarriers did not.

9.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(41): 6414-6430, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33244202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) ranks as the third leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Epigenetic alterations contribute to tumor heterogeneity in early stages. AIM: To identify the specific deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation sites that influence the prognosis of GC patients and explore the prognostic value of a model based on subtypes of DNA methylation. METHODS: Patients were randomly classified into training and test sets. Prognostic DNA methylation sites were identified by integrating DNA methylation profiles and clinical data from The Cancer Genome Atlas GC cohort. In the training set, unsupervised consensus clustering was performed to identify distinct subgroups based on methylation status. A risk score model was built based on Kaplan-Meier, least absolute shrinkage and selector operation, and multivariate Cox regression analyses. A test set was used to validate this model. RESULTS: Three subgroups based on DNA methylation profiles in the training set were identified using 1061 methylation sites that were significantly associated with survival. These methylation subtypes reflected differences in T, N, and M category, age, stage, and prognosis. Forty-one methylation sites were screened as specific hyper- or hypomethylation sites for each specific subgroup. Enrichment analysis revealed that they were mainly involved in pathways related to carcinogenesis, tumor growth, and progression. Finally, two methylation sites were chosen to generate a prognostic model. The high-risk group showed a markedly poor prognosis compared to the low-risk group in both the training [hazard ratio (HR) = 2.24, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.28-3.92, P < 0.001] and test (HR = 2.12, 95%CI: 1.19-3.78, P = 0.002) datasets. CONCLUSION: DNA methylation-based classification reflects the epigenetic heterogeneity of GC and may contribute to predicting prognosis and offer novel insights for individualized treatment of patients with GC.

10.
Acta Cardiol Sin ; 36(6): 649-659, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33235422

RESUMO

Background: The rapid diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a clinical and operational priority in emergency departments. Serial serum levels of cardiac biomarkers play a crucial role in the evaluation of patients presenting with acute chest pain, so that an accurate and rapidly responsive assay of cardiac biomarkers is vital for emergency departments. Methods: Immunomagnetic reduction (IMR) has been developed for rapid and on-site assays with a small sample volume. IMR kits for three biomarkers [myoglobin, creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), and troponin-I] have been developed by MagQu Co., Ltd., Taiwan (US patent: US20190072563A1). In this study, we examined correlations between IMR signals and biomarker concentrations. The measurement threshold of the IMR kits, dynamic ranges, interference tests in vitro, and reagent stability were tested. Clinical cases were included with serial IMR measurements to determine the time course and peak of IMR-measured cardiac biomarkers after AMI. Results: The correlations between IMR signals and biomarker concentrations fitted well to logistic functions. The measurement thresholds of the IMR kits (1.03 × 10-8 ng/mL for myoglobin, 1.46 × 10-6 ng/mL for CK-MB, and 0.08 ng/mL for troponin-I) were much lower than the levels detected in the patients with AMI. There was no significant interference in vitro. The peak times of IMR-detected myoglobin, CK-MB, and troponin-I after AMI were 8.2 hours, 24.4 hours, and 24.7 hours, respectively. Conclusions: IMR is an accurate and sensitive on-site rapid assay for multiple cardiac biomarkers in vitro, and may play a role in the early diagnosis of AMI. Clinical trials are needed.

11.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 12(9): 1014-1030, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33005295

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) carries a poor prognosis and requires a prediction method. Gamma-glutamyl transferase-to-platelet ratio (GPR) is a recently reported cancer prognostic factor. Although the mechanism for the relationship between GPR and poor cancer prognosis remains unclear, studies have demonstrated the clinical effect of both gamma-glutamyl transferase and platelet count on GBC and related gallbladder diseases. AIM: To assess the prognostic value of GPR and to design a prognostic nomogram for GBC. METHODS: The analysis involved 130 GBC patients who underwent surgery at Peking Union Medical College Hospital from December 2003 to April 2017. The patients were stratified into a high- or low-GPR group. The predictive ability of GPR was evaluated by Kaplan-Meier analysis and a Cox regression model. We developed a nomogram based on GPR, which we verified using calibration curves. The nomogram and other prognosis prediction models were compared using time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curves and the concordance index. RESULTS: Patients in the high-GPR group had a higher risk of jaundice, were older, and had higher carbohydrate antigen 19-9 levels and worse postoperative outcomes. Univariate analysis revealed that GPR, age, body mass index, tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, jaundice, cancer cell differentiation degree, and carcinoembryonic antigen and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 levels were related to overall survival (OS). Multivariate analysis confirmed that GPR, body mass index, age, and TNM stage were independent predictors of poor OS. Calibration curves were highly consistent with actual observations. Comparisons of time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curves and the concordance index showed advantages for the nomogram over TNM staging. CONCLUSION: GPR is an independent predictor of GBC prognosis, and nomogram-integrated GPR is a promising predictive model for OS in GBC.

12.
J Hum Hypertens ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067554

RESUMO

Primary aldosteronism (PA) is a common cause of secondary hypertension and is associated with worse cardiovascular outcomes. The elevated aldosterone in PA leads to left ventricular (LV) remodeling and dysfunction. In recent decades, clinical studies have demonstrated worse LV remodeling including increased LV mass and cardiac fibrosis in patients with PA compared to patients with essential hypertension. Several mechanisms may explain the process of aldosterone-induced LV remodeling, including directly profibrotic and hypertrophic effects of aldosterone on myocardium, increased reactive oxygen species and profibrotic molecules, dysregulation of extracellular matrix metabolism, endothelium dysfunction and circulatory macrophages activation. LV remodeling causes LV diastolic and systolic dysfunction, which may consequently lead to clinical complications such as heart failure, atrial fibrillation, ischemic heart disease, and other vascular events. Adequate treatment with adrenalectomy or medical therapy can improve LV remodeling and dysfunction in PA patients. In this review, we discuss the mechanisms of aldosterone-induced LV remodeling and provide an up-to-date review of clinical research about LV remodeling-related heart structural changes, cardiac dysfunction, and their clinical impacts on patients with PA.

13.
Insect Biochem Mol Biol ; 127: 103476, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33053387

RESUMO

Whether a female honey bee (Apis mellifera) develops into a worker or a queen depends on her nutrition during development, which changes the epigenome to alter the developmental trajectory. Beekeepers typically exploit this developmental plasticity to produce queen bee by transplanting worker larvae into queen cells to be reared as queens, thus redirecting a worker developmental pathway to a queen developmental pathway. We studied the consequences of this manipulation for the queen phenotype and methylome over four generations. Queens reared from worker larvae consistently had fewer ovarioles than queens reared from eggs. Over four generations the methylomes of lines of queens reared from eggs and worker larvae diverged, accumulating increasing differences in exons of genes related to caste differentiation, growth and immunity. We discuss the consequences of these cryptic changes to the honey bee epigenome for the health and viability of honey bee stocks.

14.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 302, 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028372

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to identify the incidence rate of Acute kidney injury (AKI) in our center and predict in-hospital mortality and long-term survival after heart transplantation (HTx). METHODS: This single-center, retrospective study from October 2009 and March 2020 analyzed the pre-, intra-, and postoperative characteristics of 95 patients who underwent HTx. AKI was defined according to the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. Risk factors were analyzed by multivariable logistic regression models. The log-rank test was used to compare long-term survival. RESULTS: Thirty-three (34.7%) patients developed AKI. The mortality in hospital in HTx patients with and without AKI were 21.21 and 6.45%, respectively (P < 0.05). Recipients in AKI who required renal replacement therapy (RRT) had a hospital mortality rate of 43.75% compared to 6.45% in those without AKI or RRT (P < 0.0001). A long cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time (OR:11.393, 95% CI: 2.183 to 59.465, P = 0.0039) was positively related to the occurrence of AKI. A high intraoperative urine volume (OR: 0.031, 95% CI: 0.005 to 0.212, P = 0.0004) was negatively correlated with AKI. AKI requiring RRT (OR, 11.348; 95% CI, 2.418-53.267, P = 0.002) was a risk factor for mortality in hospital. Overall survival in patients without AKI at 1 and 3 years was not different from that in patients with AKI (P = 0.096). CONCLUSIONS: AKI is common after HTx. AKI requiring RRT could contribute powerful prognostic information to predict mortality in hospital. A long CPB time and low intraoperative urine volume are associated with the occurrence of AKI.

15.
Stem Cell Res ; 48: 101932, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889247

RESUMO

Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) is an autosomal dominant genetic disease. An induced pluripotent stem cell line (EHTJUi002-A) was generated from umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells (UCBMCs) of a neonate with heterozygous mutation of p.W226X(c.678G>A) in the FZD4 gene. This iPSC model offers a very valuable resource to study the pathological mechanism of FEVR in vitro.

16.
Chin Med ; 15: 93, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32874198

RESUMO

Background: The dry root and rhizome of Ligusticum chuanxiong Hort., or Chuanxiong, has been used as a blood-activating and stasis-removing traditional Chinese medicine for 1000 years. Our previous studies have shown the inhibitory activity on platelet and thrombin (THR) of Chuanxiong. THR and factor Xa (FXa) play significant roles in the coagulation cascade and their inhibitors are of valuable in the treatment of thromboembolic diseases. The aim of the present study is to screen THR and FXa inhibitors from Chuanxiong. Methods: Four extracts [ethyl acetate (EA), butanol (BA) and remained extract (RE) from 75% ethanol extract, and water extract (WE)] of Chuanxiong were prepared, and their THR/FXa inhibitory activities were assessed in vitro. Following silica-gel column chromatography (SC), the active EA extract and BA extract was further partitioned, respectively. Their active fractions (EA-SC1 to EA-SC5; BA-SC1 to BA-SC5) were obtained and analyzed by LC-MS. After modeling by the principal component analysis (PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminate analysis (OPLS-DA), the specific marker compounds were predicted and identified. Their enzyme inhibitory was assessed in vitro and interactions with THR/FXa were investigated by molecular docking analysis. Results: Chuanxiong EA extract showed strong activity against THR and BA extract was more effective in inhibiting FXa activity, and their fractions exhibited obvious difference in enzyme inhibitory activity. Furthermore, marker compounds a-h were predicted by PCA and OPLS-DA, and their chemical structures were identified. Among them, senkyunolide A, Z-ligustilide, ferulic acid and senkyunolide I (IC50 was determined as 0.77 mM) with potential THR inhibitory activity, as well as isochlorogenic acid A with FXa inhibitory activity were screened out. It was found that the four components could interact with the active site of THR, and the binding energy was lower than - 5 kcal/mol. Isochlorogenic acid A were bound to the active site of FXa, and the binding energy was - 9.39 kcal/mol. The IC50 was determined as 0.56 mM. Conclusions: THR/FXa inhibitory components in different extracts of Chuanxiong were successfully characterized by the method of enzyme inhibition activity assays with ultra performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry-based multivariate statistical analysis.

17.
J Econ Entomol ; 113(6): 2581-2587, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865208

RESUMO

Queens and workers are very distinct phenotypes that develop from the same genome. Larvae from worker cells up to 3.5 d old can be transferred to larger queen cells and will subsequently be reared as queens and develop into functional queens. This has become a very popular queen rearing practice in contemporary apiculture. Here we used RNA-Seq to study the consequences of rearing queens from transplanted worker larvae on the transcriptome of the adult queens. We found that queens reared from transferred older larvae developed slower, weighted less, and had fewer ovarioles than queens reared from transferred eggs, indicating queens were cryptically intercaste. RNA-Seq analysis revealed differentially expressed genes between queens reared from transferred larvae compared with queens reared from transferred eggs: the older the larvae transferred, the greater the number of differentially expressed genes. Many of the differentially expressed genes had functions related to reproduction, longevity, immunity, or metabolism, suggesting that the health and long-term viability of queens was compromised. Our finds verify the previous studies that adult queens reared from older transferred larvae were of lower quality than queens reared from transferred eggs or younger larvae.

18.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 13(8): 1244-1249, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32821678

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the inter-device consistency of corneal curvature and central corneal thickness between Pentacam and a swept-source Fourier-domain anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) in ectopia lentis patients. METHODS: Totally 72 eyes of ectopia lentis patients were recruited. Central corneal thickness (CCT), corneal curvature values and corneal astigmatism were obtained from both the Pentacam and AS-OCT (CASIA2). Repeatability was evaluated for both devices. The coefficient of repeatability (COR) and the relative COR was calculated. Bland-Altman plots were conducted to evaluate the inter-device agreement of measurement. Orthogonal linear regression was used to examine any proportional bias. RESULTS: The mean difference of CCT, steep anterior corneal curvature (anterior KS), flat anterior corneal curvature (anterior Kf), anterior corneal astigmatism (ACA), steep posterior corneal curvature (posterior KS), flat posterior corneal curvature (posterior Kf), posterior corneal astigmatism (PCA), steep true net power (TNP KS), flat true net power (TNP Kf) and total corneal astigmatism (TCA) between Pentacam and CASIA2 were 7.03±9.70 µm, -0.19±0.41 D, -0.27±0.35 D, 0.04±0.47 D, -0.17±0.23 D, -0.11±0.11 D, -0.02±1.02 D -0.41±0.43 D, -0.52±0.46 D, and -0.15±0.96 D, respectively. For measurement of TNP Kf with the Pentacam and CASIA2, a mean difference of 0.52 D and COR of 0.90 with P=0.02 was detected. There was no significant difference in CCT (P=0.393), anterior Kf (P=0.107), anterior Ks (P=0.414), ACA (P=0.131), posterior Kf (P=0.286), posterior Ks (P=0.418), PCA (P=0.105), TNP Ks (P=0.054), and TCA (P=0.977) between Pentacam and CASIA2. CONCLUSION: Our study reveals good agreement of CCT, corneal curvature and corneal astigmatism measured by CASIA2 and Pentacam in ectopia lentis patients. However, there was significant difference for CCT and corneal curvature values obtained by the two devices.

19.
J Med Virol ; 2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813283

RESUMO

Several randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that investigated the effectiveness of remdesivir for the treatment of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) have generated inconsistent evidence. The present study aimed to synthesize available RCT evidence using network meta-analyses (NMAs). Both blinded and open-label RCTs in PubMed database from inception to 7 June 2020 that contained "remdesivir", "Covid-19", and "trial" in the abstracts conducted on hospitalized COVID-19 persons were identified and screened. The studies must have at least one remdesivir arm and evaluated one of the pre-specified outcomes. The outcomes were clinical improvement between days 10 to 15 after randomization and clinical recovery during the follow-up period. The identified literature was supplemented with relatively recent studies that were known to the researchers if not already included. Frequentist NMAs with random effects were conducted. Both 10-day and 5-day remdesivir regimens were associated with higher odds of clinical improvement (odds ratio [OR] of 10-day regimen: 1.35, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09-1.67); OR of 5-day regimen: 1.81, 95% CI, 1.32-2.45, and higher probabilities of clinical recovery (relative risk [RR] of 10-day regimen: 1.24, 95% CI, 1.07-1.43; RR of 5-day regimen: 1.47, 95% CI, 1.16-1.87 compared with placebo. Remdesivir may have clinical benefits among hospitalized COVID-19 persons.

20.
Genome Res ; 30(7): 1027-1039, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32699019

RESUMO

Joint profiling of transcriptome and chromatin accessibility within single cells allows for the deconstruction of the complex relationship between transcriptional states and upstream regulatory programs determining different cell fates. Here, we developed an automated method with high sensitivity, assay for single-cell transcriptome and accessibility regions (ASTAR-seq), for simultaneous measurement of whole-cell transcriptome and chromatin accessibility within the same single cell. To show the utility of ASTAR-seq, we profiled 384 mESCs under naive and primed pluripotent states as well as a two-cell like state, 424 human cells of various lineage origins (BJ, K562, JK1, and Jurkat), and 480 primary cord blood cells undergoing erythroblast differentiation. With the joint profiles, we configured the transcriptional and chromatin accessibility landscapes of discrete cell states, uncovered linked sets of cis-regulatory elements and target genes unique to each state, and constructed interactome and transcription factor (TF)-centered upstream regulatory networks for various cell states.

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