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1.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32613487

RESUMO

In this study, the protective effects of chrysin (CR) on lead acetate (PbAc)-induced renal toxicity in Sprague-Dawley rats were investigated with biochemical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical methods. In the study, rats were given orally at 30 mg/kg/body weight (BW) PbAc after CR of 25 and 50 mg/kg/BW was administered to them orally (a total of 7 administrations for 7 days). The results showed that CR reduced urea and creatinine levels by alleviating PbAc-induced kidney damage. It was determined that CR decreases PbAc-induced lipid peroxidation due to its antioxidant properties and increases catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities, and glutathione (GSH) levels. It was also detected that CR protects DNA from the toxic effects of PbAc and reduces 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels. Biochemical and immunohistochemical findings demonstrated that CR had anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic effects and reduced nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB), interleukin-33 (IL-33), prostaglandin-E2 (PGE-2), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), p53 levels, and the activities of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), which were increased with PbAc administration. Moreover, CR was found to increase the levels of aquaporin-1 (AQP-1) and nephrine in PbAc-induced kidney tissue. CR decreased the contents of lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), sodium (Na), and copper (Cu) and increased those of potassium (K) calcium (Ca) in renal tissue. These results indicated that CR considerably alleviates kidney toxicity caused by PbAc.

2.
J Food Biochem ; : e13343, 2020 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32588462

RESUMO

This study was aimed to investigate the antihemorrhoidal effects of ethanol (CBE) and water extracts (CBW) of Capsella bursa-pastoris, an edible plant and a precipitant (CBW-1) obtained from the CBW in croton oil (CO)-induced hemorrhoid model in rats. CBW-1 was contain three organic acids, citric acid (36.09%), malic acid (35.56%), and quinic acid (17.73%). Hemorrhoids were evaluated by histopathology of recto-anal tissues and biochemical parameters in plasma and recto-anal tissues of rats. CBW, CBE, and CBW-1 significantly reduced hemorrhagic necrotic enteritis induced by CO. CO also increased the cytokines and lipid peroxidation (LPO) in serum, and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and LPO in recto-anal tissues, and reduced the GSH, CAT, GPx, and SOD levels in serum and recto-anal tissues. However, CBE, CBW, and CBW-1 ameliorated the levels of the cytokines, LPO, MPO, and the antioxidants. Our results conclude that the curative effect of Capsella bursa-pastoris is closely related with its organic acids constituents, citric, malic, and quinic acids. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: The fresh leaves of Capsella bursa-pastoris are edible, eaten raw or cooked, and also used in salad. It has a widespread traditional usage in the treatment of the hemorrhoids in the Anatolia and in the Middle East Countries. According to our literature survey, any scientific evidence has not been found in the literature that C. bursa-pastoris could be used in the treatment of hemorrhoids. Therefore, in the current study, we aimed to investigate the antihemorrhoidal and antioxidant effects of ethanol and water extracts, and a precipitant (CBW-1) obtained from the CBW of C. bursa-pastoris in croton oil (CO)-induced hemorrhoid model in rats. The current results showed that its water extract and CBW-1 containing three organic acids, citric acid (36.09%), malic acid (35.56%), and quinic acid (17.73%) significantly reduced the hemorrhagic necrotic enteritis induced by CO ameliorating the levels of the cytokines, LPO, MPO, and the antioxidants. Our results conclude that the curative effect of C. bursa-pastoris is closely related with its organic acids constituents, citric, malic, and quinic acids.

3.
Andrologia ; : e13714, 2020 Jun 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32573003

RESUMO

This study was performed to evaluate the effect of chrysin on testicular torsion and detorsion damage in rats in terms of biochemistry, histopathology and immunohistochemistry. The study was performed on Wistar albino rats between 250 g and 300 g. A total of 40 rats were used. Five groups were created with eight rats in each group. Group 1 was the control group, and no torsion procedure was performed. In Group 2, 2 hr of torsion and 2 hr of detorsion were applied. In Group 3, 2 hr of torsion and 24 hr of detorsion were applied. In Group 4, 2 hr of torsion, 2 hr of detorsion and 50 mg/kg intraperitoneal chrysin were applied. In Group 5, 2 hr of torsion, 24 hr of detorsion and 50 mg/kg of chrysin were applied. In the torsion/detorsion groups, the study determined decreases in glutathione and testosterone levels, increases in tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin-4, interleukin-6 and interleukin-10 levels, and increases in expression levels of caspase-3 and caspase-8. Chrysin application reduced malondialdehyde, tumour necrosis factor-α, caspase-3 and caspase-8 expression levels. We can say that chrysin can be used to reduce damage in cases of testicular ischaemia/reperfusion. For more reliable results, further clinical trials are recommended.

4.
Arch Physiol Biochem ; : 1-9, 2020 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32594769

RESUMO

The effect of evening primrose oil on adiponectin level and some biochemical parameters in model of fructose-induced metabolic syndrome were investigated. The rats were divided into 4 groups: control, evening primrose oil, fructose, fructose + evening primrose oil. Body weight, daily feed and water consumptions and systolic blood pressures of animals were measured. At the end of trial, blood samples were taken, livers were excised and histopathological examination was performed. Glucose, uric acid, triglyceride, T.cholesterol, LDL, HDL, VLDL, ALT, AST, ALP, LDH, adiponectin, insulin, IL-6, TNF-α, TAC, and TOS levels were analysed. Some analysed parameters and systolic blood pressure of fructose + evening primrose oil group decreased significantly compared to fructose group and adiponectin, TAC, and HDL levels were significantly increased. As conclusion, evening primrose oil can be considered as antioxidant agent by reducing oxidative stress, increasing adiponectin levels and insulin sensitivity, anti-inflammatory properties, exhibiting anti-atherogenic effect by regulating dyslipidemia and systolic blood pressure.

5.
Arch Physiol Biochem ; : 1-7, 2020 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32421396

RESUMO

Objective: This study investigated effect of zaprinast and avanafil on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), bone morphogenic protein (BMP) 4 and 7, and vitamin D3 levels against the negative effect of dexamethazone.Method: Rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 6). Control: Empty a syringe was immersed and removed subcutaneously. Dexamethasone (DEX): 120 µg/kg DEX was injected subcutaneously once a day for 28 days. DEX + zaprinast and DEX + avanafil groups: 10 mg/kg zaprinast and avanafil were administrated to rats in addition to the same procedure in the DEX, respectively. VitaminD3, VEGF, BMP4 and 7 levels by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and angiogenesis by histopathological/immunohistochemical were evaluated.Results: BMP4 values in the DEX were lower than the other groups (p < .05). DEX + zaprinast and DEX + avanafil exhibited an increase in all the parameters compared to the control and DEX (p < .05). However, these were not significant for the DEX + zaprinast (p > .05). Also, there was a significant increase in angiogenesis in the DEX + zaprinast and DEX + avanafil.Conclusion: Zaprinast and significantly avanafil induced vitamin D3, BMP4 and 7 levels by increasing angiogenesis in renal.

6.
Drug Chem Toxicol ; : 1-7, 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354291

RESUMO

Ferulic acid is a kind of phenolic compound that can be found in various fruits and vegetables. This study aims to investigate the effect of ferulic acid on nephrotoxicity induced by gentamicin (GM). In this study, rats were separated into 4 groups such that each containing 8 randomly selected rats: Control group, Ferulic Acid (FA) group, Gentamicin (GM) group and Gentamicin + Ferulic acid (GM + FA) group. Blood samples were collected after 24 hours following the 8-day trial period, and kidneys were taken out for histopathological evaluation. Serum urea, creatinine, uric acid and LDH analyses were performed in autoanalyzer while Malondialdehyde (MDA), Advanced Oxidized Protein Products (AOPP), Glutathione (GSH), Superoxide dismutase (SOD), Catalase (CAT), Interleukin 6 (IL-6), Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-α) analyses were performed in ELISA, and kidney tissues were also examined histopathologically. Urea (p < .001), creatinine (p < .001), MDA (p < .01), AOPP (p < .001), IL-6 (p < .01) and TNF-α (p < .001) levels were found to be statistically and significantly lowered in GM + FA group when compared to GM group. As a result, ferulic acid has reduced the inflammation in nephrotoxicity induced by GM, causing decreased oxidative stress. In this study, anti-inflammatory features of ferulic acid have come to the forefront rather than the antioxidant features. It can be said that ferulic acid reduces nephrotoxic damage and has protective properties for kidneys.

7.
Arch Physiol Biochem ; : 1-7, 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32314927

RESUMO

Objective: This study investigated the effect of vardenafil, tadalafil, and udenafil from phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE-5Is) on bone morphogenic-protein (BMP)2 and 4 levels, along with angiogenesis in ovariectomized rat's kidney.Method: Rats were randomly divided into five groups (n = 10). Sham: abdomen was opened, and closed. OVX: ovaries were removed. OVX + vardenafil, OVX + tadalafil, and OVX + udenafil groups: ovaries were removed and closed, and after 6 months from postoperative, 10 mg/kg of vardenafil, tadalafil, and udenafil were administrated as daily a single-dose for 60 days, respectively. Histopathologic and immunohistochemical examinations were performed for angiogenesis, and biochemical analysis for vascular endothelial growth-factor (VEGF), VitaminD3, BMP2 and 4 levels in rat's kidney.Results: VEGF, BMP2 and 4, VitaminD3, and angiogenesis were high in the all inhibitor groups compared with the sham and OVX (p < .05). However, BMP4 levels were only high in the OVX + tadalafil group (p < .05).Conclusion: The results indicated that vardenafil, udenafil, and especially tadalafil increased VEGF, BMP2, and VitaminD3 levels.

8.
Andrologia ; 52(6): e13584, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293755

RESUMO

In this study, the effect of low-dose curcumin on sperm parameters, reproductive hormones, lipid profile, biochemical antioxidant parameters and the histopathological structure of the testis in diabetic male rats were evaluated. In the study, 28 male Wistar albino rats weighing 300-370 g and aged 8-10 weeks were used. Four groups of equal numbers have been created. Diabetes mellitus was induced with 45 mg/kg streptozotocin (STZ) in seven rats. Curcumin was administered to the rats in curcumin and the diabetes + curcumin group by gavage for 15 days at a dose of 10 mg/kg. Then, the rats were sacrificed. Blood samples and testis tissues were obtained, while the rats were under anaesthesia. Glucose, lipid profile, reproductive hormones, sperm parameters, biochemical antioxidant parameters and histopathological examination of the testis were performed. Abnormal sperm ratio, malondialdehyde, glucose, cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein, and triglyceride levels and caspase-3 expression were increased in diabetic rats, while the sperm motility and intensity and reduced glutathione, catalase and testosterone levels were decreased. When low-dose curcumin (10 mg/kg) was administered to diabetic rats, we found that curcumin significantly increased sperm motility and density, and decreased abnormal sperm rate according to the diabetic group. Moreover, curcumin significantly suppressed the lipid profile and increased follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and testosterone levels compared to the diabetic group. On testicular damage and decreased reproductive hormones caused by diabetes, curcumin may have a protective effect with indirect effect of glycaemic control by curcumin.

9.
Arch Physiol Biochem ; : 1-6, 2020 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32207349

RESUMO

Objective: This study investigated effects of zaprinast and avanafil on angiogenesis, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), bone morphogenic protein (BMP) 2, 4 and 7.Methods: Female rats were randomly divided into four groups (n = 6). Sham; abdomen was approximately 2 cm opened and closed. Ovariectomised (OVX); abdomen was opened 2 cm and the ovaries were cut. OVX + zaprinast and OVX + avanafil groups; after the same procedure with OVX, 10 mg/kg zaprinast and avanafil were orally administered for 2 month, respectively. Angiogenesis and the levels of VEGF, BMP2, 4 and 7 were determined.Results: VEGF, BMP2, 4 and 7 levels in OVX + zaprinast and especially OVX + avanafil groups were higher than the sham and OVX (p < .05). However, only VEGF and BMP2 levels in OVX + zaprinast group were significant according to sham (p < .05). Also, angiogenesis in OVX + zaprinast and OVX + avanafil groups was dominant according to sham and OVX (p < .05).Conclusions: Zaprinast and avanafil induced BMP2, 4 and 7 levels synergistically with increased VEGF and angiogenesis in renal tissue.

10.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2020 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166561

RESUMO

We sought to determine the effects of selenium (Se) on acrylamide (ACR)-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. In our study, 50 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 200-250 g were randomly divided into five groups. The control group was given intra-gastric (i.g.) saline (1 mL) for 10 days. The ACR group was given i.g. ACR in saline (38.27 mg/kg titrated to 1 mL) for 10 days. The Se0.5 + ACR and Se1 + ACR groups were administered Se in saline (0.5 and 1 mg/kg, respectively) for 10 days and given i.g. ACR (38.27 mg/kg) one hour after the Se injections. The Se1 group was administered i.g. Se (1 mg/kg) for 10 days. On day 11, intracardiac blood samples were obtained from the rats while they were under anesthesia, after which they were euthanized by decapitation. Urea and creatinine concentrations of blood serum samples were analyzed with an autoanalyzer. Enzyme-linked immunosorbence immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to quantify malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), catalase (CAT), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), interleukin (IL)-33, IL-6, IL-1ß, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), mitogen-activated protein kinase-1 (MAPK-1), and caspase-3 in kidney tissues. Renal tissues were evaluated by histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations for 8-hydroxylo-2'-deoxyguanosin 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OhDG) and Bax. Serum urea and creatinine levels were higher in the ACR group than in the control, and these ACR-induced increases were prevented by high doses of Se. Additionally, ACR induced the renal oxidative stress, inflammation, apoptosis, and damage to DNA and tissue; likewise, these were prevented by high doses of Se. Taken with ACR, Se confers protection against ACR-induced nephrotoxicity in rats by reducing oxidative stress, inflammation, apoptosis, and DNA damage.

11.
Andrologia ; 52(3): e13524, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32022330

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of rutin against reproductive damage caused by toxic mercury in male rats. Thirty-five Sprague Dawley rats were used. Control group was injected with saline for 7 days. The rutin-100 group received 100 mg/kg/b.w. rutin for 7 days. Mercuric chloride (HgCl2 ) group received 1.23 mg/kg/b.w. of HgCl2 for 7 days. Mercury chloride + rutin-50 group received 50 mg/kg/b.w. rutin and HgCl2 1.23 mg/kg/b.w. for 7 days. HgCl2  + rutin-100 group received 100 mg/kg/b.w. rutin and HgCl2 1.23 mg/kg/b.w. for 7 days. It was detected that HgCl2 treatment increased malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expressions, necrosis and degeneration of spermatogonium, dead and abnormal sperm percentages; tubular walls thinning; and decreased antioxidant enzyme activities and sperm motility. It was determined that rutin application reduced testicular damage caused by HgCl2 . In conclusion, rutin administration may treat HgCl2 toxicity in testes.

12.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 138: 111190, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068001

RESUMO

Acrylamide (ACR) is a heat-induced carcinogen substance that is found in some foods due to cooking or other thermal processes. The aim of present study was to assess the probable protective effects of morin against ACR-induced hepatorenal toxicity in rats. The rats were treated with ACR (38.27 mg/kg b.w., p.o.) alone or with morin (50 and 100 mg/kg b.w., p.o.) for 10 consecutive days. Morin treatment attenuated the ACR-induced liver and kidney tissue injury by diminishing the serum AST, ALP, ALT, urea and creatinine levels. Morin increased activities of SOD, CAT and GPx and levels of GSH, and suppressed lipid peroxidation in ACR induced tissues. Histopathological changes and immunohistochemical expressions of p53, EGFR, nephrin and AQP2 in the ACR-induced liver and kidney tissues were decreased after administration of morin. In addition, morin reversed the changes in levels of apoptotic, autophagic and inflammatory parameters such as caspase-3, bax, bcl-2, cytochrome c, beclin-1, LC3A, LC3B, p38α MAPK, NF-κB, IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α and COX-2 in the ACR-induced toxicity. Morin also affected the protein levels by regulating the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and thus alleviated ACR-induced apoptosis and autophagy. Overall, these findings may shed some lights on new approaches for the treatment of ACR-induced hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity.

13.
Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol ; 393(3): 325-337, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620822

RESUMO

Cyclophosphamide (CYP) is a chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of autoimmune disorders and malignant diseases. However, its usage is restricted due to its severe side effects, especially hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity. This study aimed to investigate the protective role of chrysin (CH) against CYP-induced hepatotoxicity and nephrotoxicity in rats. In the present study, 35 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups with each group consisting of 7 rats. The rats were pretreated with CH orally in doses of 25- and 50-mg/kg body weight for 7 consecutive days, and CYP (200-mg/kg body weight, i.p.) was administrated on the 7th day 1 h after the last dose of CH. It was found that CH could ameliorate CYP-induced elevations of ALT, ALP, AST, urea, creatinine, MDA, and hepatorenal deterioration, and enhance antioxidant enzymes' activities such as SOD, CAT, and GPx, and GSH's level. Furthermore, CH reversed the changes in levels of inflammatory, apoptotic, and autophagic parameters such as NF-κB, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, iNOS, COX-2, Bax, Bcl-2, and LC3B in liver and kidney tissues. To conclude, the findings of this study demonstrated that CH has a protective effect against CYP-induced hepatorenal toxicity.

14.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(6): 766-773, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1055506

RESUMO

Abstract Introduction: Ototoxicity refers to cellular damage or function impairment developing in the inner ear in association with any therapeutic agent or chemical substance, and still represents the principal side-effect restricting the use of cisplatin. Objective: The aim of this study was to perform a biochemical, functional and histopathological investigation of the potential protective effect of eugenol against cisplatin-induced ototoxicity. Methods: The study was performed with 24 female Sprague Dawley rats. Distortion product otoacoustic emissions tests were performed on all animals, which were randomized into four equal groups. A single intraperitoneal dose of 15 mg/kg cisplatin was administered to cisplatin group, while the eugenol group received 100 mg/kg eugenol intraperitoneal for five consecutive days. 100 mg/kg eugenol was administered to cisplatin + eugenol group for 5 days. On the third day, these rats were received a single dose of 15 mg/kg cisplatin. The control group was given 8 mL/kg/day intraperitoneal saline solution for five days. The distortion product otoacoustic emissions test was repeated 24 h after the final drug administration. All animals were sacrificed, and the cochleas were subsequently used for biochemical and histopathological examinations. Results: Cisplatin caused oxidative stress in the cochlea, impaired the cochlear structure and significantly reduced signal noise ratio levels. Administration of eugenol together with cisplatin reversed these effects and provided functional, biochemical and histopathological protection. Conclusion: The study findings represent the first indication in the literature that eugenol may protect against ototoxicity by raising levels of antioxidant enzymes and lowering those of oxidant parameters.


Resumo Introdução: A ototoxicidade refere-se ao dano celular ou comprometimento da função da orelha interna associado a qualquer agente terapêutico ou substância química e ainda representa o principal efeito colateral que restringe o uso da cisplatina. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi realizar uma investigação bioquímica, funcional e histopatológica do potencial efeito protetor do eugenol contra a ototoxicidade induzida pela cisplatina. Método: O estudo foi realizado com 24 ratos fêmeas Sprague Dawley. Testes de emissões otoacústicas por produto de distorção foram realizados em todos os animais, os quais foram randomizados em quatro grupos iguais. Uma única dose intraperitoneal de 15 mg/kg de cisplatina foi administrada ao grupo cisplatina, enquanto o grupo eugenol recebeu 100 mg/kg de eugenol intraperitoneal por cinco dias consecutivos. Foram administrados 100 mg/kg de eugenol ao grupo cisplatina + eugenol durante 5 dias. No terceiro dia, estes ratos receberam uma dose única de 15 mg/kg de cisplatina. O grupo controle recebeu 8 mL/kg/dia de solução salina intraperitoneal por cinco dias. O teste de emissões otoacústicas por produto de distorção foi repetido 24 horas após a administração final do medicamento. Todos os animais foram sacrificados e as cócleas foram posteriormente utilizadas para exames bioquímicos e histopatológicos. Resultados: A cisplatina causou estresse oxidativo na cóclea, prejudicou a estrutura coclear e reduziu significativamente os níveis da relação sinal/ruído. A administração de eugenol juntamente com a cisplatina reverteu esses efeitos e forneceu proteção funcional, bioquímica e histopatológica. Conclusão: Os achados do estudo representam a primeira indicação na literatura de que o eugenol pode proteger contra a ototoxicidade, eleva os níveis de enzimas antioxidantes e diminui os níveis dos parâmetros oxidantes.

15.
J Food Biochem ; 43(11): e13030, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482601

RESUMO

The present study was designed to assess the phytochemical content of Ferulago angulata (FA) and possible in vivo nephroprotective effect of FA administration on trace elements, minerals, MDA and GSH in kidney and liver tissue samples, serum vitamin (α-tocopherol, retinol, cholecalciferol, phylloquinone), TSA, and LSA in a rat model of DMN-induced nephrotoxicity. In the study, Wistar albino rats were assigned to six groups: Control (0.9% NaCl), (DMN 10 mg/kg), (FA 150 mg/kg), (DMN + FA 150 mg/kg), (FA 300 mg/kg), and (DMN + FA 300 mg/kg). Rats were intraperitoneally given DMN for the first 7 days. Renal injury caused by DMN was proved by the histopathological alterations. The FA (300 mg/kg) treatment significantly normalized Se, Cr, Ca levels in liver and Co level in kidney tissue samples. These observed positive effects are due to the phytochemical content of the plant. The flower extract of FA (300 mg/kg) can be used for the prevention of kidney damage. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Ferulago angulata flowers are used in traditional medicine for treat kidney and liver digestive system diseases. This species is endemic taxa of the family Apiaceae, which has been used both as food and therapeutics because of their phytochemical composition. In this study, the phenolic characterization of FA flower was used to a new RP-HPLC method, as well as the biological activity of FA flower and possible in vivo nephroprotective effect of FA flowers on trace elements, minerals, MDA and GSH in kidney and liver tissue samples and vitamins, TSA, and LSA in serum samples a rat model of DMN-induced nephrotoxicity. It was found that high level of phenolic compounds (chlorogenic acid, vanillic acid, 2-hydroxycinnamic acid) present in the flower extract of F. angulata has positive effects and antioxidant properties. Due to its phenolic content, FA flower extract could protect for kidney damage and can be used as antioxidants in the food additive and pharmaceutical industry.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31422162

RESUMO

Deltamethrin (DMN) exposure causes severe damage to the gill and liver tissues of aquatic organisms, as well as neurotoxic effects and metabolic disorders. The goal of the present study was to assess the impacts of DMN toxicity on blood biochemistry, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, catalase (CAT) levels, behavior disorder, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, histopathology and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8 OHdG) of brown trout (Salmo trutta fario). Acute concentrations (1.0 and 2.0µg/L) of DMN caused behavioral disorder such as rapid swimming, loss of balance, aggressiveness and increasing in the surface activity and inactivity in brown trout. A significant increase in malondialdehyde (MDA), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels, and a significant decrease in CAT, AChE, blood albumin, and blood total protein content were observed. Histopathologically, both doses of DMN have caused steatosis, necrosis, and degeneration in hepatocytes and hyperemia in the liver. Also, they led to inflammation, adhesion and fusion depending on severe hyperplasia in secondary lamellae, hyperemia and lamellar edema in gill tissues when compared to control group. Additionally, 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8 OHdG) levels at 2.0 µg/L dose of DMN in liver tissues were more severe according to 1.0 µg/L dose of DMN. Finally, different concentrations of DMN led to changes of the histopathology, 8OHdG, the CAT levels, plasma AChE activity, and the serum metabolites, as well as behavioral disorder in brown trout.


Assuntos
Brânquias/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , Nitrilos/toxicidade , Piretrinas/toxicidade , Truta/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Acetilcolinesterase/sangue , Animais , Catalase/sangue , Malondialdeído/sangue , Estresse Oxidativo
17.
J Trace Elem Med Biol ; 56: 60-68, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442956

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mercury is a global environmental pollutant and is responsible for several organ pathophysiology including oxidative stress-induced liver disorders. Therefore, the present study was conducted to evaluate the potential ameliorative effects of rutin on mercury chloride (HgCl2)-induced hepatotoxicity in adult male rats. METHODS: HgCl2 was intraperitoneally injected at a dose of 1.23 mg/kg body weight for 7 days alone or in combination with the orally rutin (50 and 100 mg/kg body weight). RESULTS: Rutin treatment significantly improved liver function tests [alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)], and increased activities of antioxidant defense system [catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx)] and glutathione (GSH) content. The histological alterations and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression in the HgCl2-induced liver tissues were decreased by administration of rutin. Furthermore, rutin reversed the changes in levels of apoptosis and inflammation related proteins involving p53, Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax), B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), cytochrome c, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), B-cell lymphoma-3(Bcl-3) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), and inhibited p38α mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and cysteine aspartate specific protease-3 (caspase-3) activations. CONCLUSION: The data of the present study suggest that rutin effectively suppress HgCl2-induced hepatotoxicity by ameliorating oxidative stress, inflammation and apoptosis.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Cloreto de Mercúrio/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Rutina/uso terapêutico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/sangue , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/enzimologia , Fígado/lesões , Masculino , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Rutina/química , Rutina/farmacologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
18.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; 33(10): e22384, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468665

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effect of curcumin (CUR) on doxorubicin (DOX)-induced testicular damage in male rats. Thirty-five adult male Wistar rats were used. Control group was received saline for 7 days. CUR group received CUR for 7 days. DOX group received single dose DOX on the 5th day. DOX+ CUR-100 group received 100 mg/kg/day CUR for 7 days and DOX injection on the 5th day. DOX + CUR-200 group received 200 mg/kg/day CUR for 7 days and DOX injection on the 5th day. DOX treatment decreased in sperm motility rate, live sperm percentages, cellular antioxidants, and increased malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, necrosis, degenerations, and slimming in seminiferous tubules, and DNA damages in testes by inducing oxidative stress. CUR treatment mitigated significantly these side effects when compared with DOX group in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, CUR treatment can be used in the mitigation of DOX-induced testicular toxicity.


Assuntos
Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Curcumina/farmacologia , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Cuidados Paliativos , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Testículo/metabolismo
19.
Arch Physiol Biochem ; : 1-8, 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31240966

RESUMO

The present study aims to examine the possible beneficial effects of gallic acid (GA) against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity in the experimental model. Rats were weighed and divided into groups. Groups as following; control, gallic acid (GA), doxorubicin (DOX) and GA + DOX groups. At the end of the experiment, rats were sacrificed and heart tissue removed. The tissues were analysed in terms of biochemical (MDA, SOD, CAT, GSH, GPx), pathological (hyaline degeneration, Zenkerin necrosis, hyperaemia) and immunohistochemical (TNF-α, Cox-2). MDA level decreased and antioxidant enzyme activities increased in GA + DOX group compared to doxorubicin group. TNF-α, Cox-2 expression levels were severe in the DOX group. Also, pathologic tissue damage in heart tissue increased due to doxorubicin. Additionally, pathologic tissue damage and TNF-α, Cox-2 expression levels decreased in GA + DOX group. According to our findings, GA has protective effect against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity.

20.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(22): 22562-22574, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165450

RESUMO

Zingerone (ZO), one of the active components of ginger (Zingiber officinale), is a phenolic alkanone with antioxidant, antiapoptotic, and anti-inflammatory properties. Cisplatin (CP) is a widely used chemotherapeutic drug for solid tumors, but its therapeutic use is limited due to dose-dependent nephrotoxicity. In the present study, we investigated the ameliorative effect of ZO against CP-induced nephrotoxicity. Intraperitoneal administration of single-dose CP (7 mg/kg body weight) on the first day enhanced kidney lipid peroxidation and reduced antioxidant enzyme activities such as catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and glutathione (GSH). CP increased serum urea and creatinine levels and disrupted histological integrity while causing a decrease aquaporin 1 (AQP1) level in the kidney tissues. CP induced inflammatory responses by elevating the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-33 (IL-33) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), and activities of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2). Moreover, it also caused oxidative DNA damage and activation of apoptotic pathway by increasing of 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), p53, cysteine aspartate-specific protease-3 (caspase-3), and Bcl-2-associated x protein (bax) while decreasing B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2). However, treatment with ZO at a dose of 25 and 50 mg/kg b.wt. for 7 days significantly decreased oxidative stress, apoptosis, inflammation, and histopathological alterations while increased AQP1 levels in the kidney tissue. The results of the current study suggested that ZO as an effective natural product attenuates CP-induced nephrotoxicity.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Cisplatino/toxicidade , Guaiacol/análogos & derivados , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , 8-Hidroxi-2'-Desoxiguanosina , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Catalase/metabolismo , Dano ao DNA , Desoxiguanosina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Guaiacol/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Masculino , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Testes de Toxicidade , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
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