Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 210
Filtrar
1.
Sci Total Environ ; 867: 161498, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36638703

RESUMO

The environmental occurrences of bisphenol analogues (BPs) have been extensively reported, whereas their concentration profile, spatial distribution, and temporal trend in e-waste dismantling area are still poorly understood. Herein, typical BPs (BPA, BPS, TBBPA, TBBPA-DHEE, and TBBPA-MHEE) were investigated in water, soil, and biological samples from three representative regions (FJT, JJP, and RIB) in e-waste recycling area in Taizhou, Zhejiang Province. Overall, the detection frequency of BPs in all samples was 100 %, confirming widespread presence of BPs in e-waste recycling area. Wherein, BPA was the predominant BPs in water (33.3 %) and soil samples (34.9 %), but TBBPA accounted for the largest proportion (41.3 %) in biological samples. In addition, the concentration of BPs in FJT was lower than that in JJP and RIB owing to the renovations on FJT by the local government in recent years, whereas the higher BPs level in RIB implied that elevated BPs contents was related to massive e-waste dismantling activities. From 2017 to 2021, a decreased trend of BPs concentration was observed in FJT, but aggravation of BPs levels in RIB was caused by the ongoing e-waste dismantling. The risk assessment revealed that the BPs in e-waste recycling area posed a low ecological and human health risk. Our finding could provide a valuable reference for the development of strict legislation systems related to e-waste management in China.

2.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 127: 589-602, 2023 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36522088

RESUMO

The prevalence of artificial lights not only improves the lighting conditions for modern society, but also poses kinds of health threats to human health. Although there are regulations and standards concerning light pollution, few of them are based on the potential contribution of improper lighting to diseases. Therefore, a better understanding of the health threats induced by light pollution may promote risk assessment and better regulation of artificial lights, thereby a healthy lighting environment. This review is based on a careful collection of the latest papers from 2018 to 2022 about the health threats of light pollution, both epidemiologically and experimentally. In addition to summing up the novel associations of light pollution with obesity, mental disorders, cancer, etc., we highlight the toxicological mechanism of light pollution via circadian disruption, since light pollution directly interferes with the natural light-dark cycles, and damages the circadian photoentrainment of organisms. And by reviewing the alternations of clock genes and disturbance of melatonin homeostasis induced by artificial lights, we aim to excavate the profound impacts of light pollution based on accumulating studies, thus providing perspectives for future research and guiding relevant regulations and standards.


Assuntos
Melatonina , Neoplasias , Humanos , Ritmo Circadiano , Poluição Luminosa , Medição de Risco
3.
Sci Total Environ ; : 160223, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36402327

RESUMO

Environmental antibiotics raise serious health concerns due to their contribution to the obesity prevalence. Moreover, antibiotics promote antibiotic-resistance bacteria (ARB) which represent another emerging pollutant. However, the interaction between antibiotic and ARB in the obesogenic effects remained unexplored. In the present study, the obesogenic effects of tetracycline antibiotic (TCH) and ARB containing tetA were studied on C. elegans, and E. coli OP50 (OP50) was referred as a normal bacterial food. Results showed that TCH stimulated nematode triglyceride contents, while ARB alone had no significant influences. The combination of TCH and ARB showed less obesogenic effects than TCH alone, showing antagonism. Biochemical assays showed that the combination of TCH and ARB showed similar effects to ARB alone, and had less increases in lipid metabolism enzymes or metabolites than those of TCH or ARB alone, supporting the antagonism. In the nontargeted metabolomic analysis, TCH with ARB showed less significantly changed metabolites (SCMs) in the nematodes than TCH or ARB alone, partially explaining the antagonism. The metabolomic results also pointed out the significant involvement of amino acids, the carboxylic acids and derivatives, and also the benzene and substituted derivatives in the obesogenic effects of TCH and ARB. The findings of the present study provided a direct support for interaction between antibiotics and ARB underlying their health risks.

4.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(20): 14528-14538, 2022 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36194456

RESUMO

Algal density can significantly impact mercury (Hg) bioaccumulation and biomagnification in aquatic food webs, but the underlying mechanisms remain controversial especially in subtropical and tropical regions. We conducted a comprehensive field study on Hg bioconcentration in phytoplankton and bioaccumulation in size-fractionated zooplankton across 17 sampling sites in Lake Taihu, a large shallow lake in eastern China with large spatial differences in algal density. The higher algal density in the northern sites is highly associated with the lower THg bioconcentration factor (BCF) in phytoplankton and lower THg bioaccumulation factor (BAF) in zooplankton. The low Hg BCFs or BAFs at productive sites could not be explained by algal bloom dilution but attributed to the low Hg bioavailability, which is highly associated with the elevated pH levels at productive sites. The smaller body size of the dominant zooplankton species at higher algal density sites also contributed to their lower Hg bioaccumulation. Importantly, we provide evidence that high algal density is associated with a low proportion of methylmercury (MeHg) in total Hg (% MeHg) in phytoplankton, which is further transferred to zooplankton. Such a low THg BCF or BAF and low % MeHg in plankton at high algal density sites hamper the entry of Hg into the pelagic food webs, which are important but yet underestimated driving forces for the low Hg contents in pelagic fish that are commonly observed in anthropogenic-impacted eutrophic lakes in subtropical regions.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Compostos de Metilmercúrio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Bioacumulação , Monitoramento Ambiental , Peixes , Cadeia Alimentar , Lagos/química , Mercúrio/química , Fitoplâncton , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Zooplâncton
5.
Anal Chem ; 94(38): 12981-12989, 2022 09 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112535

RESUMO

The necessary step of directly adding hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) into the detection system in traditional immunoassays hampers their applications as a portable device for point-of-care analysis due to the unstable liquid form of H2O2. Herein, a strategy of self-supplying H2O2 and signal amplification triggering by copper peroxide nanodots encapsulated (CPNs) in metal-organic frameworks (ZIF-8) was proposed in an immunoassay for dual-signal detection of bisphenol A (a typical emerging organic pollutant), which was further fabricated as a lab-in-a-tube device integrated with a smartphone sensing platform. Herein, CPNs@ZIF-8 was modified on the antibody against bisphenol A; after the competitive binding of analytes, coating antigens, and antibodies, the released H2O2 and Cu2+ from encapsulated CPNs under the acidic condition will trigger a Fenton-like reaction to generate ·OH for oxidization of TMB; meanwhile, Cu2+ could quench the fluorescence of GSH-Au NCs, resulting in dual-mode signals for measurements. Most importantly, self-supplying H2O2 with high stability was undertaken by CPNs, and the remarkably increased signal molecule (CPN) loading was ascribed to the excellent capacity of metal-organic frameworks (ZIF-8). In addition, good recoveries were obtained from a colorimetric/fluorescent dual-mode strategy. The constructed device demonstrated great potential as a universal platform for rapid detection of various environmental contaminants using corresponding antibodies relying on its performance of satisfactory stability, sensitivity, and accuracy.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Compostos Benzidrílicos , Cobre/química , Poluentes Ambientais/análise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/análise , Imunoensaio/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Peróxidos , Fenóis
6.
Water Res ; 224: 119075, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36116191

RESUMO

Phytoplankton biomass can significantly affect metal(loid) bioaccumulation in plankton, but the underlying mechanisms are still controversial. We investigated the bioaccumulation of eight metal(loid)s (As, Co, Cu, Hg, Mn, Pb, Se, and Zn) in three size categories of planktonic organisms - seston (0.7-64 µm), mesozooplankton (200-500 µm), and macrozooplankton (>500 µm) - sampled from six freshwater lakes in two seasons in the Yangtze River Delta, China. Our results highlight phytoplankton biomass is the major driver on metal(loid) bioaccumulation in the studied anthropogenic-impacted subtropical lakes, mainly via affecting site-specific water physiochemical characteristics and plankton communities. However, such impact is highly dependent on chlorophyll a (Chl-a) concentration. The bioaccumulation of metal(loid)s in size-fractionated plankton declined significantly with increasing phytoplankton biomass when Chl-a was below ∼50 µg L-1, mainly owing to the reduced metal(loid) bioavailability and subsequent bioaccumulation at more productive sites (with elevated pH and dissolved organic carbon), rather than algal bloom dilution. To a lesser extent, phytoplankton growth dilution and the smaller body-size of zooplankton at more productive sites also contributed to the lower metal(loid) bioaccumulation. The bioaccumulation of metal(loid)s was enhanced under severe algal bloom conditions (when Chl-a concentration was higher than ∼50 µg L-1). Although the underlying mechanisms still require further investigations, the potential risks of metal(loid) bioaccumulation under severe algal bloom conditions deserve special attention.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Fitoplâncton , Bioacumulação , Biomassa , China , Clorofila A , Eutrofização , Cadeia Alimentar , Lagos/química , Chumbo , Plâncton , Rios , Água
7.
J Sep Sci ; 45(22): 4128-4140, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099359

RESUMO

Solid phase extraction combined with ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was developed for the simultaneous determination of 31 endocrine-disrupting chemicals in fish plasma. The strong anion exchange/primary-secondary amine cartridge and the mixed cation exchange cartridge were used in tandem instead of using a single mixed cation exchange cartridge for sample purification. Suitable eluents were selected for each of the two cartridges: 4.5% ammonia/acetonitrile solution for cartridges in tandem and acetone:n-hexane (V:V = 3:7) for the strong anion exchange/primary-secondary amine cartridge alone. With this optimized Solid phase extraction method, the recoveries of 31 endocrine disrupting chemicals were between 43.0% and 131.3%, the method detection limits were 0.45 to 1.35 ng/ml, and the limits of quantitation were 1.50-4.50 ng/ml. The innovative pretreatment method that connects two cartridges in tandem is well positioned to mitigate the matrix effects of fish plasma, thereby improving the accuracy of multiclass endocrine-disrupting chemicals determination. The significance of this method is to facilitate the application of the fish plasma model for the environmental risk assessment of endocrine-disrupting chemicals.


Assuntos
Disruptores Endócrinos , Animais , Disruptores Endócrinos/análise , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Peixes , Aminas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
8.
Sci Total Environ ; 851(Pt 1): 158156, 2022 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35988603

RESUMO

The present study conducted a comprehensive field investigation on the transport and bioaccumulation of six trace metals (Cr, Cd, Pb, Mn, Ni, Cu) along a transect from Changjiang (Yangtze River) to the East China Sea continental shelf, which exhibited large variations in physiochemical properties (salinity, turbidity, pH, chlorophyll a, total nitrogen, dissolved oxygen, dissolved and particulate organic matter). From riverine sites to marine sites, dissolved Cr and Cd significantly increased, dissolved Pb and Mn showed less variations, while dissolved Cu and Ni showed complex spatial distribution patterns. Particulate trace metals (for Cr, Mn, Ni and Cu) were significantly negatively correlated with salinity. As a result, partition coefficients of trace metals (except Pb) were all significantly negatively correlated with salinity, indicating high salinity facilitated desorption/dissolution of metals from particulate phase. Additionally, the Changjiang derived particulate Pb, Mn, Ni and Cu sharply decreased (particularly for Mn) at the downstream of turbidity maximum zone, suggesting the efficient trapping of metals within this region. We further investigated the site-specific bioaccumulation of trace metals in size-fractionated zooplankton. Metal contents in macro-zooplankton were lower than micro- and meso-zooplankton owing to size-dependent zooplankton communities, while site-specific metal bioaccumulation mainly driven by site-specific zooplankton communities and salinity. The bioaccumulation factors of metals (Cr, Cd, Ni and Cu) were significantly negatively correlated with salinity, indicating high salinity hampered metal uptake which might attribute to competition of cations and formation of less bioavailable inorganic complexes with anions. Overall, high salinity generated two-sided effects (elevated dissolved metal concentrations Vs. reduced metal bioaccumulation) on metal contents in zooplankton (especially for Cr, Cd, Ni, and Cu), resulting in metal- and site-specific metal contents. We noticed relatively higher metal contents in zooplankton at hypoxia sites which could further transfer to predators in the East China Sea, and the underlying mechanisms still require future investigation.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Oligoelementos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Bioacumulação , Cádmio , China , Clorofila A , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Chumbo , Metais Pesados/análise , Nitrogênio , Oxigênio , Oligoelementos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Zooplâncton/química
9.
Chemosphere ; 307(Pt 4): 136076, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35988769

RESUMO

Organic fouling caused by dissolved organic matter (DOM) is a critical challenge for membrane technologies. In this study, prediction models for the fouling of commercial polyether sulfone (PES) and regenerated cellulose (RC) ultrafiltration membranes by DOM were established based on the hydrophobicity of DOM. The organic fouling behavior of 40 natural water samples collected from Lake Taihu was investigated. The fouling propensity of water samples on ultrafiltration membranes was evaluated using the fouling index (FI). The hydrophobicity of DOM in water samples was quantified by its partition coefficient in an aqueous two-phase system (KATPS). The FI of water samples on RC membranes was lower than that on PES membranes due to stronger repulsive Lewis acid-base interactions, which reduced DOM-membrane interactions. A significant positive correlation was found between KATPS and FI, suggesting the important role of DOM hydrophobicity in the organic fouling of ultrafiltration membranes. FI prediction models using KATPS as the variable were established using a training group containing 20 water samples for PES and RC membranes, respectively. The resulting models were then validated using the additional 20 water samples, which suggested good prediction power (RMSE = 1.65). The pH effect on the organic fouling can be adequately predicted by the same model with KATPS values measured at given pH. The results suggest that KATPS can be used as a convenient index for assessing the initial organic fouling of ultrafiltration membranes by freshwater DOM.


Assuntos
Ultrafiltração , Purificação da Água , Matéria Orgânica Dissolvida , Ácidos de Lewis , Membranas Artificiais , Polímeros , Sulfonas , Ultrafiltração/métodos , Água , Purificação da Água/métodos
10.
Environ Sci Process Impacts ; 24(7): 1060-1070, 2022 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35687097

RESUMO

Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) have raised concerns due to their worldwide occurrence and adverse effects on both the environment and humans as well as posing challenges for monitoring. Further collection of information is required for a better understanding of their occurrence and the unknown fractions of the extractable organofluorine (EOF) not explained by commonly monitored target PFAS. In this study, eight pairs of raw and treated water were collected from drinking water treatment plants (DWTPs) around Taihu Lake in China and analyzed for EOF and 34 target PFAS. Mass balance analysis of organofluorine revealed that at least 68% of EOF could not be explained by target PFAS. Relatively higher total target concentrations were observed in 4 DWTPs (D1 to D4) when compared to other samples with the highest sum concentration up to 189 ng L-1. PFOA, PFOS and PFHxS were the abundant compounds. Suspect screening analysis identified 10 emerging PFAS (e.g., H-PFAAs, H-PFESAs and OBS) in addition to target PFAS in raw or treated water. The ratios PFBA/PFOA and PFBS/PFOS between previous and current studies showed significant replacements of short-chain to long-chain PFAS. The ratios of the measured PFAS concentrations to the guideline values showed that some of the treated drinking water exceeds guideline values, appealing for efforts on drinking water safety guarantee.


Assuntos
Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos , Água Potável , Fluorcarbonetos , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/análise , Água Potável/análise , Fluorcarbonetos/análise , Humanos , Lagos/análise , Projetos Piloto , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
11.
Mar Pollut Bull ; 180: 113754, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35605374

RESUMO

This study investigated the contents of total mercury (THg), methylmercury (MeHg) and selenium (Se) in 22 fish species and 10 invertebrate species from the coastal East China Sea. The THg and MeHg contents were significantly higher in benthic fishes. Both Hg and Se biomagnified in the food webs, with evidences of associations during trophic transfer. In addition, Se:Hg molar ratio and Se health benefit value (HBVSe) were used as novel criteria for Hg exposure risk assessments, showing that Se presented in molar excess of Hg in all samples, which would negate the risks of Hg toxicity. HBVSe provided more informative results than Se:Hg molar ratio, pointing to possibly lower health risks for some fishes containing high levels of Hg and Se. Although the HBVSe results challenge the traditional Hg health risk assessment, its future application still requires worldwide comprehensive investigations.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Compostos de Metilmercúrio , Selênio , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Animais , Bioacumulação , Monitoramento Ambiental , Peixes , Cadeia Alimentar , Mercúrio/análise , Selênio/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
12.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(9): 5673-5683, 2022 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35413178

RESUMO

Proper visual function is essential for collecting environmental information and supporting the decision-making in the central nervous system and is therefore tightly associated with wildlife survival and human health. Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were reported to impair zebrafish vision development, and thyroid hormone (TH) signaling was suspected as the main contributor. In this study, a pentabrominated PBDE, BDE-99, was chosen to further explore the action mechanism of PBDEs on the disruption of zebrafish color vision. The results showed that BDE-99 could impair multiple photoreceptors in the retina and disturb the behavior guided by the color vision of zebrafish larvae at 120 h post-fertilization. Although the resulting alteration in photoreceptor patterning highly resembled the effects of 3,3',5-triiodo-l-thyroine, introducing the antagonist for TH receptors was unable to fully recover the alteration, which suggested the involvement of other potential regulatory factors. By modulating the expression of six7, a key inducer of middle-wavelength opsins, we demonstrated that six7, not THs, dominated the photoreceptor patterning in the disruption of BDE-99. Our work promoted the understanding of the regulatory role of six7 in the process of photoreceptor patterning and proposed a novel mechanism for the visual toxicity of PBDEs.


Assuntos
Éteres Difenil Halogenados , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/metabolismo , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/farmacologia , Larva , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra
13.
Chemosphere ; 300: 134511, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35395268

RESUMO

Facilitating reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation is an effective way to promote the heterogeneous catalytic efficiency for organics removal. However, the metal leaching in metal-based catalysts and the low activity of non-metallic materials restrict ROS production. In this work, the purpose was achieved by loading a small amount of spinel CuFe2O4 onto porous carbon nitride substrate. The synthesized CuFe2O4@O-CN composite first to activate peroxymonosulfate (PMS), which produce a plenty of ROS (•OH, SO4•- and 1O2) for organics removal, leading to highly oxidation for diverse organics. Through the comparative analysis of the surface composition before and after reaction, we found that the interface multi-electron transfer routs, including surface Cu(II)/Cu(I), Fe(III)/Fe(II) and their cross interaction, participated in the redox cycle, giving rise to the rapid and massive production of ROS, so that DMPO and TEMP were instantly oxidized in electron paramagnetic resonance (ESR) detection. Importantly, the carrier of porous O-CN, which acted as the electron transfer mediator, not only favors PMS adsorption via surface -OH, but also facilitates the conversion between different metal species. As a result, the CuFe2O4@O-CN/PMS system can remove 99.1% BPA and achieve 52.6% mineralization under optimized conditions. Thus, this study not only sheds light on the tailored design of heterogeneous catalyst for organics removal and elucidates the interfacial catalytic mechanisms for PMS activation.


Assuntos
Elétrons , Compostos Férricos , Óxido de Alumínio , Compostos Férricos/química , Óxido de Magnésio , Nitrilas , Peróxidos/química , Porosidade , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
14.
Environ Int ; 163: 107209, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35358787

RESUMO

Alkyl organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs), tri-n-butyl phosphate (TnBP) and tris(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBOEP), are ubiquitously detected in indoor and outdoor environments and their inhalation may result in lung damage. This study examined pulmonary toxicity after exposure to TnBP or TBOEP and investigated aggravation of inflammation and immunoreaction by TnBP in an ovalbumin (OVA)-induced mice model. Transcriptomics were used to further reveal the underlying mechanism. Exposure to TnBP or TBOEP resulted in pathological damage, including edema and thickened alveolar septum. In comparison with the control, enhanced levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) (p < 0.01 in TnBP (High) group and p < 0.05 in TBOEP (High) group), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px) (p < 0.05), malondialdehyde (MDA) (p < 0.01), and cytokines under a dose-dependent relationship were noted, and the expression of the Fkbp5/Nos3/MAPK/NF-кB signaling pathway (p < 0.01) was upregulated in the TnBP and TBOEP groups. Moreover, the combined exposure of TnBP and OVA exacerbated the allergic inflammatory response, including airway hyperresponsiveness, leukocytosis, cellular exudation and infiltration, secretion of inflammatory mediators, and higher expression of IgE (p < 0.01). Transcriptomics results demonstrated that the PI3K/Akt/NF-кB signal pathway was involved in TnBP-aggravated asthmatic mice. Exposure to TnBP or TBOEP resulted in oxidative damage and leukocyte-induced lung injury. TnBP can further facilitate OVA-induced asthma through an inflammatory response. This study is the first to reveal the pulmonary toxicity and potential mechanism induced by OPFRs through an in-vivo model.


Assuntos
Asma , Retardadores de Chama , Pneumonia , Animais , Asma/induzido quimicamente , Retardadores de Chama/toxicidade , Camundongos , NF-kappa B , Organofosfatos/toxicidade , Ovalbumina , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Transdução de Sinais
15.
Anal Chem ; 94(11): 4821-4830, 2022 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35262349

RESUMO

Biomimic nanozymes coassembled by peptides or proteins and small active molecules provide an effective strategy to design attractive nanozymes. Although some promising nanozymes have been reported, rational regulation for higher catalytic activity of biomimic nanozymes remains challenging. Hence, we proposed a novel biomimic nanozyme by encapsulating the coassembly of hemin/bovine serum albumin (BSA) in zeolite imidazolate frameworks (ZIF-8) to achieve controllable tailoring of peroxidase-like activity via the confinement effect. The assembly of Hemin@BSA was inspired by the structure of horseradish peroxidase (HRP), in which hemin served as the active cofactor surrounded by BSA as a blocking pocket to construct a favorable hydrophobic space for substrate enrichment. Benefiting from the confinement effect, ZIF-8 with a porous intracavity was identified as the ideal outer layer for Hemin@BSA to accelerate substrate transport and achieve internal circulation of peroxidase-like catalysis, significantly enhancing its peroxidase-like activity. Especially, the precise encapsulation of Hemin@BSA in ZIF-8 could also prevent it from decomposition in harsh environments by rapid crystallization around Hemin@BSA to form a protective shell. Based on the improved peroxidase-like activity of Hemin@BSA@ZIF-8, several applications were successfully performed for the sensitive detection of small molecules including H2O2, glucose, and bisphenol A (BPA). Satisfactory results highlight that using a ZIF-8 outer layer to encapsulate Hemin@BSA offers a very effective and successful strategy to improve the peroxidase-like activity and the stability of biomimic nanozymes, broadening the potential application of biocatalytic metal-organic frameworks (MOFs).


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Catálise , Hemina/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Peroxidase , Soroalbumina Bovina
16.
J Hazard Mater ; 430: 128406, 2022 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35149506

RESUMO

Secondary organic aerosols (SOA) are crucial constitution of fine particulate matter (PM), which are mainly derived from photochemical oxidation products of primary organic matter and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and can induce terrible impacts to human health, air quality and climate change. As we know, organosulfates (OSs) and organic nitrates (ON) are important contributors for SOA formation, which could be possibly produced through various pathways, resulting in extremely complex formation mechanism of SOA. Although plenty of research has been focused on the origins, spatial distribution and formation mechanisms of SOA, a comprehensive and systematic understanding of SOA formation in the atmosphere remains to be detailed explored, especially the most important OSs and ON dedications. Thus, in this review, we systematically summarize the recent research about origins and formation mechanisms of OSs and ON, and especially focus on their contribution to SOA, so as to have a clearer understanding of the origin, spatial distribution and formation principle of SOA. Importantly, we interpret the complex interaction with coexistence effect of SOx and NOx on SOA formation, and emphasize the future insights for SOA research to expect a more comprehensive theory and practice to alleviate SOA burden.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Nitratos , Aerossóis/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Atmosfera/química , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise
17.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 29(31): 47159-47173, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35178629

RESUMO

In this research, ethylene glycol-introduced solvothermal method was employed to fabricate a novel sphere-like CuBi2O4 material to improve the adsorptive and photocatalytic performance of conventional CuBi2O4. A series of characterization has been applied to investigate properties of the obtained CuBi2O4 (CBO-EG3). Compared with conventional rod-like CuBi2O4 (CBO), the synthesized sphere-like CBO-EG3 exhibited rough surface, larger specific surface area, and more effective separation of photo-generated carriers, which overcome main shortcomings of CuBi2O4. The removal efficiency of typical antibiotic sulfamethazine (SMZ) reached almost 100% under the optimal experimental conditions. About 70% of SMZ could be adsorbed in 180-min dark reaction, with residual being photodegraded in 30 min. CBO-EG3 showed much higher photocatalytic efficiency than pure CBO, attributing to its highly effective photo-induced electron and hole separation. Meanwhile, substantial adsorption of pollutant on CBO-EG3 contributed vastly to removal of SMZ, photo-generated electrons and holes inclined to react with adsorbed SMZ directly, and photocatalytic process was mainly led by non-radical reaction. Elimination of SMZ in actual water samples and recycling experiment were also performed to evaluate CBO-EG3's practical application potential. This study delivered a method to promote CuBi2O4's adsorptive and photocatalytic ability, which could expand the application of CuBi2O4 in wastewater treatment.


Assuntos
Cobre , Sulfametazina , Adsorção , Bismuto , Catálise , Etilenoglicol
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 819: 153160, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35051466

RESUMO

Organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) have been ubiquitously detected in dust and air which could cause damage to human health through inhalation. Currently the understanding of their adverse effects and potential mechanisms on the lung are still limited. In this study, human non-small cell lung cancer cell line NCI-H1975 was used to investigate the cytotoxicity, oxidative stress, cellular apoptosis of 9 typical OPFRs with concentrations varied from 0 to 200 µM, and their toxic mechanism associated with molecular structure was compared. After 72 h, tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCIPP) displayed the highest cytotoxicity, followed by 2-ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate (EHDPP), tris(2-butoxyethyl) phosphate (TBOEP) and tris(2-chloroisopropyl) phosphate (TCIPP), while tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP) and tris(2-ethylhexyl) phosphate (TEHP) exhibited the least suppression on cell viability. These results indicated that the variation of cytotoxicity on OPFRs could only be partially explained by their ester linkage. Moreover, the overexpression of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), free Ca2+ and cellular apoptosis suggested that exposure to OPFRs can lead to apoptosis related to oxidative stress. Six genes associated with oxidative stress and apoptosis were upregulated dramatically compared with the control, demonstrating OPFRs induced Chop/Caspase 3-related apoptosis by activating Sod1/p53/Map3k6/Fkbp5 expression in NCI-H1975 cells. This is the first study to investigate cytotoxicity and related mechanism on commonly-used OPFRs in NCI-H1975 cells.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Retardadores de Chama , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Apoptose , Caspase 3 , Monitoramento Ambiental , Retardadores de Chama/análise , Retardadores de Chama/toxicidade , Humanos , Organofosfatos/toxicidade , Compostos Organofosforados , Estresse Oxidativo , Superóxido Dismutase-1 , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53
19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(1): 363-368, 2022 Jan 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34989520

RESUMO

In order to fully understand the pollution of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in Dongting Lake, 209 PCB congeners were quantitatively detected and analyzed by isotope-dilution high-resolution mass spectrometry in 21 surface water sampling sites of Dongting Lake and the inflow rivers of the lake. The results showed that a total of 50 PCB congeners were detected in the study area. The ρ(ΣPCBs) ranged from 0.077 to 10 ng·L-1, with an average concentration of 2.7 ng·L-1 and a median concentration of 1.9 ng·L-1. The order of contamination concentrations were as follows:the inflow rivers of the lake > lake region > outlet. Compared with the reports of domestic and foreign studies, PCB pollution in Dongting Lake is at a low level. The main pollutants in the surface water were dichlorobiphenyls and tri- and tetrachlorobiphenyls, with relative abundances of 67%, 14%, and 16%, respectively. PCB11, PCB17, PCB18, PCB20+33, PCB28, PCB47+75, PCB52, and PCB68 were the most widely distributed and detected in more than 80% of samples. Among them, ρ(PCB11) was the highest, with an average concentration of 1.6 ng·L-1, accounting for 59% of ρ(ΣPCBs), from the domestic organic pigment production process of unintentional emissions. Atmospheric transport deposition and historical residue were the main sources of PCBs in water. According to the toxicity equivalent factor method, the ecological toxicity risk of the study area was evaluated, and the results showed that the TEQ in the water was far lower than the relevant standard limit, indicating that the pollution of PCBs in the surface water of Dongting Lake and the inflow rivers would not cause harm to exposed organisms.


Assuntos
Bifenilos Policlorados , Poluentes Químicos da Água , Monitoramento Ambiental , Sedimentos Geológicos , Lagos/análise , Bifenilos Policlorados/análise , Medição de Risco , Rios , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
20.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt B): 127121, 2022 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534807

RESUMO

In past studies, the health and ecological risks of PCBs are well established. The impact of low-dose PCBs on aquatic ecosystems for an extended period is a matter of concern in the current era. The application of fatty acids (FAs) as bioindicators of pollution in the freshwater food web is almost unavailable. This study investigated concentrations of 209 PCB congeners, stable isotope levels, and FAs composition in ten freshwater species of Dongtinghu Lake, China. Total PCB congeners (∑PCBs) concentrations were ranged from 4.17 to 38.35 ng/g lipid weight. A total of 84 PCB congeners were detected out of 209 target PCB congeners, particularly PCB101, 118, 138, 153, and 155 found in all samples. The concentrations of 24 PCB congeners increased with trophic levels, but PCB 155 concentrations were consistent throughout trophic levels. The toxic equivalents (TEQ) of dl-PCBs (mostly PCB 126 and 169) also increased with trophic levels Out of total 35 FAs, 21 FAs were significantly positively correlated with 43 PCB congeners. Among FAs, C16:0 was the most abundant and positively correlated with most PCB compounds. Positive correlations between FAs and PCBs indicated that FAs can be used as efficient bioindicators of PCBs pollution in the aquatic food web.


Assuntos
Bifenilos Policlorados , Bioacumulação , Ecossistema , Biomarcadores Ambientais , Ácidos Graxos , Cadeia Alimentar , Isótopos , Lagos , Bifenilos Policlorados/análise , Bifenilos Policlorados/toxicidade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...