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1.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(8): 642-8, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472748

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) at "Zusanli"(ST36)-"Sanyinjiao"(SP6) on glucose and lipid metabolism and insulin resistance (IR) in obese diabetic rats, so as to explore its mechanism underlying improvement of obesity diabetes. METHODS: SPF male rats were randomly divided into normal control, model, meridian-acupoint EA (acupoint), non-meridian non-acupoint EA (non-acupoint), and medication (metformin) groups, with 10 rats in each group. The diabetes model was established by feeding the rats with high-fat diet for 8 weeks. EA (1.5 mA, 10 Hz/100 Hz) was applied to unilateral ST36 and SP6 for 20 min, once daily (except Sundays) for 4 weeks. Rats of the medication group were treated by gavage of metformin (300 mg/kg) once daily for 4 weeks (except Sundays). The body weight and length were measured and the Lee's index was calculated. The contents of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) in the plasma were detected by using a full-automatic biochemical analyzer. The content of fasting serum insulin (FINS) was assayed by using radioimmunoassay, the fasting blood glucose (FBG) was measured, and serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity by using xanthine oxidase method, serum malondialdehyde (MDA) by color method, serum glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity by indirect method, reactive oxygen species (ROS) by Dithio-bis-nitrobenzoic acid (DTNB) direct method, and the homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) and insulin sensitive index (ISI) were calculated. The expression levels of pancreatic tissue P66shc mRNA and PKCß mRNA were detected by using RT-PCR, and the histopathological changes of the liver and adipose tissues were observed after H.E. staining. RESULTS: Compared with the normal control group, the Lee's index, levels of FBG, FINS, HOMA-IR, TC, TG, LDL-C, MDA, ROS, and P66shc mRNA and PKCß mRNA expressions were significantly increased (P<0.05,P<0.01), and ISI, HDL-C, SOD, GSH-Px significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01) in the model group. After the interventions, the levels of Lee's index,levels of FBG, FINS, HOMA-IR, TC, TG, LDL-C, MDA, ROS, and expressions of P66shc mRNA and PKCß mRNA were remarkably down-regulated (P<0.05, P<0.01), and those of ISI, HDL-C, SOD, and GSH-Px up-regulated (P<0.05, P<0.01) in both EA and medication groups. H.E. staining showed many white adipocytes in the adipose tissue, radial and cord-like arrangement of liver cells, and many of them with vacuoles in the cytoplasm of small vesicular lipid droplets in the model group; and relative reduction of white adipocytes in number, smaller in cell body, and no obvious abnormal changes of structure and arrangement of liver cells in the EA and medication groups. CONCLUSION: EA of ST36 and SP6 can improve glucose and lipid metabolism and IR in obese diabetic rats, which may be related to its function in suppressing PKCß/P66shc signaling and oxidative stress.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Eletroacupuntura , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/terapia , Masculino , Obesidade/genética , Obesidade/terapia , Estresse Oxidativo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteína 1 de Transformação que Contém Domínio 2 de Homologia de Src
2.
Radiology ; : 210188, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519577

RESUMO

Background Assessment of subclinical myocardial dysfunction by using feature tracking has shown promise in prognosis evaluation of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Global early diastolic longitudinal strain rate (eGLSR) can identify earlier diastolic dysfunction; however, limited data are available on its prognostic value in HFpEF. Purpose To evaluate the association between left ventricular (LV) eGLSR and primary composite outcomes (all-cause death or heart failure hospitalization) in patients with HFpEF. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, consecutive patients with HFpEF (included from January 2010 to March 2013) underwent cardiovascular MRI. The correlation between eGLSR and variables was assessed by using linear regression. The association between eGLSR (obtained with use of feature tracking) and outcomes was analyzed by using Cox proportional regression. Results A total of 186 patients with HFpEF (mean age ± standard deviation, 59 years ± 12; 77 women) were included. The eGLSR was weakly correlated with LV end-diastole volume index (Pearson correlation coefficient [r] = -0.35; P < .001), heart rate (r = 0.35; P < .001), and LV ejection fraction (r = 0.30; P < .001) and moderately correlated with LV end-systole volume index (r = -0.41; P < .001). At a median follow-up of 9.2 years (interquartile range, 8.7-10.0 years), 72 patients experienced primary composite outcomes. Impaired eGLSR, defined as an eGLSR of less than 0.57 per second, was associated with a greater rate of heart failure hospitalization or all-cause death (hazard ratio, 2.0 [95% CI: 1.1, 3.7]; P = .02) after adjusting for multiple clinical and imaging-based variables. Conclusion Left ventricular global early diastolic longitudinal strain rate obtained from cardiovascular MRI feature tracking was independently associated with adverse outcomes in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. © RSNA, 2021 Online supplemental material is available for this article.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34538631

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine the prognostic value of T1 mapping and the extracellular volume (ECV) fraction in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). BACKGROUND: Patients with DCM with functional left ventricular remodeling have poorer prognoses. Noninvasive assessment of myocardial fibrosis using T1 mapping and the ECV fraction may improve risk stratification of patients with DCM; however, this has not yet been systematically evaluated. METHODS: A total of 659 consecutive patients with DCM (498 men; 45 ± 15 years) who underwent cardiac magnetic resonance with T1 mapping and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging with a 1.5-T magnetic resonance scanner were enrolled in this study. Primary endpoints were cardiac-related death and heart transplantation. Secondary endpoints were hospitalization for heart failure, ventricular arrhythmias, and implantable cardioverter-defibrillator or cardiac resynchronization therapy implantation. Survival estimates were calculated by Kaplan-Meier curves with the log-rank test. RESULTS: During a mean follow-up of 66.3 ± 20.9 months, 122 and 205 patients with DCM reached the primary and secondary endpoints, respectively. The presence of LGE had an association with both of the primary and secondary endpoints observed in the patients with DCM (both P < 0.001). The maximum native T1 (HR: 1.04; 95% CI: 1.02-1.09) and maximum ECV fraction (HR: 1.14; 95% CI: 1.08-1.21) had associations with the primary endpoints in the patients with positive LGE (both P < 0.001), whereas the mean native T1 (HR: 1.13; 95% CI: 1.10-1.36) and mean ECV fraction (HR: 1.32; 95% CI: 1.12-1.53) had the best associations in the patients with negative LGE (all P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: T1 mapping and the ECV fraction had prognostic value in patients with DCM and were particularly important in patients with DCM without LGE. Using a combination of T1 mapping, ECV fraction, and LGE provided optimal risk stratification for patients with DCM.

4.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 381, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34412589

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phosphate (Pi) deficiency severely affects crop growth and productivity, including wheat, therefore it is necessary to develop cultivars with enhanced Pi-deficiency tolerance. However, the underlying mechanism of Pi-deficiency tolerance in wheat is still elusive. Two contrasting wheat cultivars, low-Pi tolerant Kenong199 (KN199) and low-Pi sensitive Chinese Spring (CS) were used to reveal adaptations in response to Pi deficiency at the morphological, physiological, metabolic, and molecular levels. RESULTS: KN199 was more tolerant to Pi deficiency than CS with significantly increased root biomass and R/S ratio. Root traits, the total root length, total root surface area, and total root volume, were remarkably enhanced by Pi deficiency in KN199. The shoot total P and soluble Pi concentrations of KN199 were significantly higher than those of CS, but not in roots. In KN199, high Pi level in shoots is a higher priority than that in roots under Pi deficiency. It was probably due to differentially regulation in the miR399-mediated signaling network between the shoots of the two cultivars. The Pi deficiency-induced root architecture adaptation in KN199 was attributed to the regulation of the hormone-mediated signaling (ethylene, gibberellin, and jasmonates). The expression of genes associated with root development and Pi uptake was enhanced in KN199. Some primary metabolites (amino acids and organic acids) were significantly accumulated in roots of KN199 under Pi deficiency. CONCLUSIONS: The low-Pi tolerant wheat cultivar KN199 possessed greater morphological and primary metabolic adaptations in roots than CS under Pi deficiency. The adaption and the underlying molecular mechanisms in wheat provide a better understanding of the Pi-deficiency tolerance and the strategies for improving Pi efficiency in wheat.


Assuntos
Adaptação Fisiológica/genética , Adaptação Fisiológica/fisiologia , Fosfatos/deficiência , Fosfatos/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Brotos de Planta/metabolismo , Triticum/genética , Triticum/metabolismo , Produtos Agrícolas/genética , Produtos Agrícolas/metabolismo , Variação Genética , Genótipo , Melhoramento Vegetal , Plântula/metabolismo
5.
Cancer Med ; 10(17): 5823-5838, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34327857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kidney cancer, especially clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), is one of the most common cancers in the urinary system. Previous studies suggested that certain members of MUCINs could serve as independent predictors for the survival of ccRCC patients. None of them, however, is robust enough to predict prognosis accurately. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the correlation of MUCINs alterations and their expression levels with the prognosis of ccRCC patients and develop a prognosis-related predictor. METHODS: We applied whole-exome sequencing in samples from 22 Chinese ccRCC patients to identify genetic alterations in MUCIN genes and analyzed their genetic alterations, expression, and correlation with survival using the TCGA, GSE73731, and GSE29069 datasets. RESULT: Genetic alternations in MUCINs were identified in 91% and 51% of ccRCC patients in our cohort and the TCGA database, respectively. No correlation with survival was found for the genetic alterations. Using unsupervised clustering analysis of gene expression, we identified two major clusters of MUCIN expression patterns. Cluster 1 was characterized by a global overexpression of MUC1, MUC12, MUC13, MUC16, and OVGP1; and cluster 2 was characterized by a global overexpression of MUC4, MUC5B, MUC6, MUC20, EMCN, and MCAM. Patients with cluster 1 expression pattern had significantly shorter overall survival time and worse clinical features, including higher tumor grades and metastasis. Meanwhile, they had a higher level of mutation counts and more infiltrated immune cells, but lower enrichment in angiogenesis signature genes. A five-MUCINs expression signature was constructed from cluster 1, and notably, it was demonstrated to be associated with shorter overall survival. A similar worse clinical feature, lower angiogenesis but the more immune signature, was identified in samples presented with signature 1. In the validation data set GSE29069, patients with signature 1 were also associated with a trend of poor survival outcomes. CONCLUSION: We established a five-MUCINs expression signature as a new prognostic marker for ccRCC. The distinct tumor microenvironment feature between the two signatures may further affect ccRCC patients' clinical management.

6.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(6): 6900-6908, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34237987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Central nervous system injury (CNSI) comprises a series of common diseases that severely affect patients' motor function and quality of life and is associated with high disability and mortality rates. Previous studies have shown that contralateral lumbosacral nerve root transfer significantly improved the function of the paralyzed limb in rat models of CNSI. These studies showed that severing the sacral 1 nerve root (S1) did not damage the function of the ipsilateral lower extremity. Thus, we speculate that contralateral S1 nerve root transfer can improve the recovery of a paralyzed limb. Because no associated rigorously designed randomized controlled trial has evaluated the effectiveness of contralateral S1 nerve transfer thus far, we designed this clinical trial to compare the effects of this new treatment approach with those of traditional treatments in paralyzed patients after chronic CNSI. METHODS: This is a single-center, prospective, randomized controlled trial. Forty patients, who meet the inclusion criteria and have hemiplegia caused by chronic CNSI, will be randomly divided into the surgical or non-surgical group. The treatment effect in the 2 groups will be assessed before and 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, and 24 months after intervention by using numerous scales and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. The primary outcome will be the Fugl-Meyer score for the lower limbs 24 months after treatment. The secondary outcomes include the modified Ashworth spasm scale, the modified Barthel scale, 10-m walking speed measurement results, three-dimensional gait analysis, muscle strength testing, electromyography, and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging findings. Safety outcomes and adverse events will be observed simultaneously. DISCUSSION: We expect that the surgery will improve the sensorimotor functions of the paralyzed limb, and the results of this trial will provide high-quality clinical evidence for a new efficient treatment strategy for disability after CNSI. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR1800014414, registration date: 12 January 2018.


Assuntos
Transferência de Nervo , Animais , Sistema Nervoso Central , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Ratos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 519, 2021 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Amino acid transporters (AATs) plays an essential roles in growth and development of plants, including amino acids long-range transport, seed germination, quality formation, responsiveness to pathogenic bacteria and abiotic stress by modulating the transmembrane transfer of amino acids. In this study, we performed a genome-wide screening to analyze the AAT genes in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.), especially those associated with quality formation and abiotic stresses response. RESULTS: A total number of 94 AAT genes were identified and divided into 12 subfamilies by their sequence characteristics and phylogenetic relationship. A large number (58/94, 62%) of AAT genes in foxtail millet were expanded via gene duplication, involving 13 tandem and 12 segmental duplication events. Tandemly duplicated genes had a significant impact on their functional differentiation via sequence variation, structural variation and expression variation. Further comparison in multiple species showed that in addition to paralogous genes, the expression variations of the orthologous AAT genes also contributed to their functional differentiation. The transcriptomic comparison of two millet cultivars verified the direct contribution of the AAT genes such as SiAAP1, SiAAP8, and SiAUX2 in the formation of grain quality. In addition, the qRT-PCR analysis suggested that several AAT genes continuously responded to diverse abiotic stresses, such as SiATLb1, SiANT1. Finally, combined with the previous studies and analysis on sequence characteristics and expression patterns of AAT genes, the possible functions of the foxtail millet AAT genes were predicted. CONCLUSION: This study for the first time reported the evolutionary features, functional differentiation, roles in the quality formation and response to abiotic stresses of foxtail millet AAT gene family, thus providing a framework for further functional analysis of SiAAT genes, and also contributing to the applications of AAT genes in improving the quality and resistance to abiotic stresses of foxtail millet, and other cereal crops.


Assuntos
Setaria (Planta) , Sistemas de Transporte de Aminoácidos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Setaria (Planta)/genética , Setaria (Planta)/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/genética
8.
J Chemother ; : 1-14, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229563

RESUMO

We performed a meta-analysis to fully investigate the hypertension of anti-VEGF mAbs in cancer patients. Databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) treated with anti-VEGF mAbs till January 2021. The relevant RCTs in cancer patients treated with anti-VEGF mAbs were retrieved and the systematic evaluation was conducted. One hundred and five RCTs and 65358 patients were included. Our study suggests that anti-VEGF mAbs significantly increased the risks of all-grade (RR, 3.22; 95%CI, 2.83-3.65; p < 0.00001; I2=71%) and high-grade (RR, 6.15; 95%CI, 5.58-6.78; p < 0.00001; I2=48%) hypertension in cancer patients. Those risks may be dependent on drug type. Icrucumab did not association with an increased risk of hypertension. The RR of hypertension did not vary significantly according to the type of cancer, line of therapy, and treatment duration. The available data suggested that the use of anti-VEGF mAbs were associated with a significantly increased risk of hypertension.

9.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(2)2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34080028

RESUMO

Dysregulation of long non­coding RNA (IncRNA) antisense non­coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) is associated with the risk of myocardial infarction (MI). Therefore, the present study aimed to determine the mechanisms underlying this association, which is currently poorly understood, to the best of our knowledge. The current study used an in vitro myocardial ischemia and reperfusion (MI/R) model, in which H9c2 cardiomyocytes were exposed to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R), which demonstrated that ANRIL expression was downregulated and that ANRIL positively regulated sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) expression following H/R injury. Subsequently, it was demonstrated that ANRIL upregulated SIRT1 expression by sponging microRNA­181a (miR­181a). In addition, ANRIL overexpression reduced lactate dehydrogenase release and apoptosis of H9c2 cardiomyocytes exposed to H/R, indicating that ANRIL prevented H/R­induced cardiomyocyte injury. Moreover, both miR­181a overexpression and SIRT1 knockdown significantly decreased the protective effects of ANRIL on H/R­induced cardiomyocyte injury, thus demonstrating that SIRT1 upregulation via sponging miR­181a is a critical mechanism that mediates the function of ANRIL. These results provided a novel mechanistic insight into the role of ANRIL in H/R­injured cardiomyocytes and suggested that the ANRIL/miR­181a/SIRT1 axis may be a therapeutic target for reducing MI/R injury.

10.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 23(1): 67, 2021 06 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34078401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients who have unexplained giant T-wave inversions but do not meet criteria for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) (left ventricular (LV) wall thickness < 1.5 cm) demonstrate LV apical morphological features that differ from healthy subjects. Currently, it remains unknown how the abnormal LV apical morphology in this patient population changes over time. The purpose of this study was to investigate LV morphological and functional changes in these patients using a mid-term cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) exam. METHODS: Seventy-one patients with unexplained giant T-wave inversion who did not fulfill HCM criteria were studied. The mean interval time of the follow-up CMR was 24.4 ± 8.3 months. The LV wall thickness was measured in each LV segment according to the American Heart Association 17-segmented model. The apical angle (ApA) was also measured. A receiver operating curve (ROC) was used to identify the predictive values of the CMR variables. RESULTS: Of 71 patients, 16 (22.5%) progressed to typical apical HCM, while 55 (77.5%) did not progress to HCM criteria. The mean apical wall thickness was significantly different between the two groups at both baseline and follow-up, with the apical HCM group having greater wall thickness at both time points (all p < 0.001). There was a significant difference between the two groups in the change of ApA (- 1.5 ± 2.7°/yr vs. - 0.7 ± 2.0°/yr, p < 0.001) over time. The combination of mean apical wall thickness and ApA proved to be the best predictor for fulfilling criteria for apical HCM with a threshold value of 8.1 mm and 90° (sensitivity 93.8%, specificity 85.5%). CONCLUSIONS: CMR metrics identify predictors for progression to HCM in patients with unexplained giant T-wave inversion.

11.
Theor Appl Genet ; 134(9): 3083-3109, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34142166

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: Based on the large-scale integration of meta-QTL and Genome-Wide  Association Study, 76 high-confidence MQTL regions and 237 candidate genes that affected wheat yield and yield-related traits were discovered. Improving yield and yield-related traits are key goals in wheat breeding program. The integration of accumulated wheat genetic resources provides an opportunity to uncover important genomic regions and candidate genes that affect wheat yield. Here, a comprehensive meta-QTL analysis was conducted on 2230 QTL of yield-related traits obtained from 119 QTL studies. These QTL were refined into 145 meta-QTL (MQTL), and 89 MQTL were verified by GWAS with different natural populations. The average confidence interval (CI) of these MQTL was 2.92 times less than that of the initial QTL. Furthermore, 76 core MQTL regions with a physical distance less than 25 Mb were detected. Based on the homology analysis and expression patterns, 237 candidate genes in the MQTL involved in photoperiod response, grain development, multiple plant growth regulator pathways, carbon and nitrogen metabolism and spike and flower organ development were determined. A novel candidate gene TaKAO-4A was confirmed to be significantly associated with grain size, and a CAPS marker was developed based on its dominant haplotype. In summary, this study clarified a method based on the integration of meta-QTL, GWAS and homology comparison to reveal the genomic regions and candidate genes that affect important yield-related traits in wheat. This work will help to lay a foundation for the identification, transfer and aggregation of these important QTL or candidate genes in wheat high-yield breeding.


Assuntos
Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Grão Comestível/genética , Genoma de Planta , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Triticum/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico/métodos , Grão Comestível/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Fenótipo , Melhoramento Vegetal , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
12.
Neural Plast ; 2021: 6615384, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34054943

RESUMO

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neurodevelopmental brain disorders in childhood. Despite extensive researches, the neurobiological mechanism underlying ADHD is still left unveiled. Since the deficit functions, such as attention, have been demonstrated in ADHD, in our present study, based on the oddball P3 task, the corresponding electroencephalogram (EEG) of both healthy controls (HCs) and ADHD children was first collected. And we then not only focused on the event-related potential (ERP) evoked during tasks but also investigated related brain networks. Although an insignificant difference in behavior was found between the HCs and ADHD children, significant electrophysiological differences were found in both ERPs and brain networks. In detail, the dysfunctional attention occurred during the early stage of the designed task; as compared to HCs, the reduced P2 and N2 amplitudes in ADHD children were found, and the atypical information interaction might further underpin such a deficit. On the one hand, when investigating the cortical activity, HCs recruited much stronger brain activity mainly in the temporal and frontal regions, compared to ADHD children; on the other hand, the brain network showed atypical enhanced long-range connectivity between the frontal and occipital lobes but attenuated connectivity among frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes in ADHD children. We hope that the findings in this study may be instructive for the understanding of cognitive processing in children with ADHD.

13.
J Food Biochem ; 45(7): e13757, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34032295

RESUMO

Although astragaloside IV protects from acute myocardial infarction (AMI)-induced chronic heart failure (CHF), the underlying mechanism of action is unclear. We determined the potential therapeutic effect of astragaloside IV using molecular docking approaches and validated the findings by the ligation of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery-induced AMI rat model. The interaction between astragaloside IV and myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) was evaluated by SwissDock. To explore the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of astragaloside IV in the LAD coronary artery ligation-induced AMI model, we administered the rats with astragaloside IV for 4 weeks. Hemodynamic indexes were used to evaluate the degree of myocardial injury in model rats. The histopathological changes in myocardium were detected by hematoxylin & eosin (H&E) staining and Masson's staining. Myocardium homogenate contents of collagen I and collagen III were evaluated by ELISA. The level of myocardial hydroxyproline (HYP) was determined by alkaline hydrolysis. Immunohistochemistry was used to examine collagen I. Western blotting was used to examine relevant proteins. As per the molecular docking study results, astragaloside IV may act on MyD88. Furthermore, astragaloside IV improved hemodynamic disorders, alleviated pathological changes, and reduced abnormal collagen deposition and myocardial HYP in vivo. Astragaloside IV significantly reduced the overexpression of TLR4, MyD88, NF-Κb, and TGF-ß, which further validated the molecular docking findings. Hence, astragaloside IV ameliorates AMI by reducing inflammation and blocking TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling. These results indicate that astragaloside IV may alleviate AMI. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Astragaloside IV, a small active substance extracted from Astragalus membranaceus, has demonstrated potent protective effects against cardiovascular ischemia/reperfusion, diabetic nephropathy, and other diseases. Molecular docking experiments showed that astragaloside IV might act on the myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88). Astragaloside IV can effectively reduce the overexpression of TLR4, MyD88, and NF-κB p65, indicating that astragaloside IV inhibits inflammation via TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway. These results indicate that astragaloside IV may alleviate acute myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide , Infarto do Miocárdio , Animais , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/tratamento farmacológico , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Saponinas , Transdução de Sinais , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Triterpenos
14.
Eur Radiol ; 31(10): 7262-7272, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33860827

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study attempted to evaluate the characteristics and prognostic value of myocardial fibrosis (MF) in aortic insufficiency (AI) patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) or tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). METHODS: A total of 314 adults with CMR-diagnosed AI were retrospectively retrieved. Of them, 166 patients with moderate or severe AI were included and divided into two groups: BAV group (N = 46) and a TAV group (N = 120). The presence and characteristics of MF were assessed with CMR. The patients were followed for adverse clinical events. The prognostic capability of the parameters was assessed using Cox regression model. RESULTS: LV fibrosis was more common in the BAV group than in the TAV group (65.2% vs. 45.0%; p = 0.020). There was a strong association between BAV and MF even after adjusting for clinical and imaging variables (odds ratio: 3.57; p = 0.031). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed a higher rate of clinical adverse events in AI+BAV patients with MF during a median follow-up of 4.7 years. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) was an independent predictor of clinical adverse outcome. CONCLUSION: MF is more common in AI with BAV than with TAV and is a predictor of clinical adverse events. KEY POINTS: • The presence and extent of late gadolinium enhancement of left ventricular were more common and severer in the bicuspid aortic valve group than in the tricuspid aortic valve group in aortic insufficiency patients. • Bicuspid aortic valve was an independent factor for myocardial fibrosis in aortic insufficiency patients. • Late gadolinium enhancement could be used as an independent predictor of adverse clinical events in this population.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Doença da Válvula Aórtica Bicúspide , Adulto , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Meios de Contraste , Fibrose , Gadolínio , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Oncogene ; 40(19): 3364-3377, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33863999

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the leading cancers worldwide, accounting for high morbidity and mortality. The mechanisms governing tumor growth and metastasis in CRC require detailed investigation. The results of the present study indicated that the transcription factor (TF) myocyte enhancer factor 2A (MEF2A) plays a dual role in promoting proliferation and metastasis of CRC by inducing the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and activation of WNT/ß-catenin signaling. Aberrant expression of MEF2A in CRC clinical specimens was significantly associated with poor prognosis and metastasis. Functionally, MEF2A directly binds to the promoter region to initiate the transcription of ZEB2 and CTNNB1. Simultaneous activation of the expression of EMT-related TFs and Wnt/ß-catenin signaling by MEF2A overexpression induced the EMT and increased the frequency of tumor formation and metastasis. The present study identified a new critical oncogene involved in the growth and metastasis of CRC, providing a potential novel therapeutic target for CRC intervention.

16.
Int J Health Plann Manage ; 36(4): 1308-1325, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33890341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The county-level traditional Chinese medicine hospitals have significantly expanded in recent decades. This study aims to assess the changes in the efficiency and productivity of the county-level traditional Chinese medicine hospitals and explore the possible causes of such changes. METHODS: Sixty one hospitals spanning from 2001 to 2017 were selected as samples in this study. And a slacks-based measure of super-efficiency in Data Envelopment Analysis and Malmquist index were used to respectively measure the changes in the efficiency and productivity. RESULTS: The scale of sample hospitals in Hubei continuously expanded from 2001 to 2017. The mean values of technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency and scale efficiency in 2017 were 0.686, 0.74 and 0.933, respectively. The technical efficiency changes in 2017 was 1.97 times that of 2001, and the technological changes in 2017 was 1.45 times that of 2001. CONCLUSIONS: The medical environment and resources have been greatly improved due to the expansion of the sample hospitals, but the technical efficiency value indicates that the operation efficiency of sample hospitals still needs to be significantly improved. Decision-makers are advised to attach importance to the efficiency of operation management and consider the impact of multiple factors on the change in productivity.


Assuntos
Eficiência Organizacional , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , China , Hospitais de Condado , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Mol Med ; 27(1): 41, 2021 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) XIST has been implicated in the progression of a variety of tumor diseases. The purpose of this study was to explore the molecular role of lncRNA XIST in human hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: The expression levels of lncRNA XIST, miR-192 and TRIM25 in HBV-related HCC tissues and HepG2.2.15 cells were detected by qRT-PCR. Biological information and luciferin gene reporter assay were performed to detect the interaction among lncRNA XIST, miR-192 and TRIM25. CCk-8 assay, wound healing assay and colony formation assay were conducted to detect the proliferation and migration ability of HepG2.2.15 cells. RESULTS: qRT-PCR results showed that the expression levels of lncRNA XIST were remarkably increased in HBV-related HCC tissues and HepG2.2.15 cells. In addition, miR-192 was a direct target gene of lncRNA XIST, and the expression of miR-192 and lncRNA XIST were negatively correlated. Moreover, overexpression of miR-192 observably inhibited the proliferation and migration of HCC cells, while overexpression of lncRNA XIST showed an opposite effect. Furthermore, TRIM25 was a direct target of miR-192, and lncRNA XIST could up-regulate the expression of TRIM25 by targeting miR-192. CONCLUSION: LncRNA XIST could up-regulate the expression of TRIM25 by targeting and binding to miR-192, thus accelerating the occurrence and development of HCC.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858314

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) figures prominently in radio-sensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MiR-129-5p can block the development of a variety of tumors. However, whether miR-129-5p modulates radio-sensitivity of NSCLC cells remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to explore the role and the underlying mechanism of miR-129-5p in the radiosensitivity of NSCLC. METHODS: Radio-resistant NSCLC cell lines (A549-R and H1299-R) were constructed using A549 and H1299 cells. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was employed to quantify miR-129-5p, SRY-box transcription factor 4 (SOX4) mRNA, and RUNX family transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) mRNA expression levels. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle were detected by flow cytometry. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and colony formation experiments were used to measure cell proliferation. γ-H2AX was examined by Western blot to confirm DNA injury. Dual-luciferase reporter experiments were applied to analyze the interactions among miR-129-5p, RUNX1, and SOX4. RESULTS: In A549-R and H1299-R cells, compared with the wild type cell lines, miR-129-5p expression was remarkably reduced while SOX4 and RUNX1 expressions were increased. The transfection of miR-129-5p into NSCLC cell lines, markedly induced cell apoptosis, DNA injury, and cell cycle arrest, and inhibited cell proliferation and colony formation. RUNX1 and SOX4 were validated as target genes of miR-129-5p, and the restoration of RUNX1 or SOX4 could counteract the influence of miR-129-5p on A549-R cells. CONCLUSION: MiR-129-5p sensitizes A549-R and H1299-R cells to radiation by targeting RUNX1 and SOX4.

19.
J Raman Spectrosc ; 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33821082

RESUMO

The outbreak of COVID-19 coronavirus disease around the end of 2019 has become a pandemic. The preferred method for COVID-19 detection is the real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)-based technique; however, it also has certain limitations, such as sample-dependent procedures with a relatively high false negative ratio. We propose a safe and efficient method for screening COVID-19 based on Raman spectroscopy. A total of 177 serum samples are collected from 63 confirmed COVID-19 patients, 59 suspected cases, and 55 healthy individuals as a control group. Raman spectroscopy is adopted to analyze these samples, and a machine learning support-vector machine (SVM) method is applied to the spectrum dataset to build a diagnostic algorithm. Furthermore, 20 independent individuals, including 5 asymptomatic COVID-19 patients and 5 symptomatic COVID-19 patients, 5 suspected patients, and 5 healthy patients, were sampled for external validation. In these three groups-confirmed COVID-19, suspected, and healthy individuals-the distribution of statistically significant points of difference showed highly consistency for intergroups after repeated sampling processes. The classification accuracy between the COVID-19 cases and the suspected cases is 0.87 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.85-0.88), and the accuracy between the COVID-19 and the healthy controls is 0.90 (95% CI: 0.89-0.91), while the accuracy between the suspected cases and the healthy control group is 0.68 (95% CI: 0.67-0.73). For the independent test dataset, we apply the obtained SVM model to the classification of the independent test dataset to have all the results correctly classified. Our model showed that the serum-level classification results were all correct for independent test dataset. Our results suggest that Raman spectroscopy could be a safe and efficient technique for COVID-19 screening.

20.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(6)2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33846795

RESUMO

Kidney cancer is a malignant tumor of the urinary system. Although the 5­year survival rate of patients with kidney cancer has increased by ~30% in recent years due to the early detection of low­grade tumors using more accurate diagnostic methods, the global incidence of kidney cancer continues to increase every year. Therefore, identification of novel and efficient candidate genes for predicting the prognosis of patients with kidney cancer is important. The present study aimed to investigate the role of SEC61 translocon subunit­Î³ (SEC61G) in kidney cancer. The Cancer Genome Atlas database was screened to obtain the expression profile of SEC61G and identify its association with kidney cancer prognosis. Furthermore, the in vitro effect of SEC61G knockdown on kidney cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis was investigated using a Cell Counting Kit­8 assay, wound healing assay, Transwell assay and flow cytometry. The results demonstrated that compared with healthy tissues, SEC61G was upregulated in human kidney tumor tissues, which was associated with poor prognosis. In addition, SEC61G knockdown significantly inhibited kidney cancer cell proliferation, migration and invasion compared with the negative control (NC) group. Furthermore, E­cadherin expression was significantly upregulated, and N­cadherin and ß­catenin expression levels were significantly downregulated in SEC61G­knockdown kidney cancer cells compared with the NC group. In addition, compared with the NC group, SEC61G knockdown significantly promoted cell apoptosis in a caspase­dependent manner. The aforementioned results suggested that SEC61G might serve as a proto­oncogene to promote kidney tumor progression. Therefore, the present study provided a novel candidate gene for predicting the prognosis of patients with kidney cancer.

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