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1.
Ticks Tick Borne Dis ; 11(1): 101312, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645296

RESUMO

Bovine theileriosis, caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Theileria, presents with various clinical symptoms. In cattle, clinical presentations and outcomes of bovine theileriosis are closely correlated with the causative Theileria spp. Thus, accurate detection and discrimination of Theileria spp. are essential for epidemiological studies and for provision of clinical management strategies. High-resolution melting (HRM) analyses of two amplicons targeting the 18S rRNA indicated that T. annulata, T. orientalis, and T. sinensis isolated from China can be accurately detected and discriminated with the lowest detection limit of 1-10 copy numbers of plasmid bearing the 18S rRNA sequence. The approach was verified with DNA samples from experimentally infected cattle and field samples. Thus, this assay is useful for diagnosis of bovine theileriosis in field samples and experimentally infected animals, and could also be applicable for the survey of parasite dynamics, epidemiological studies.

2.
Acta Trop ; 202: 105237, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31669530

RESUMO

Theileria annulata schizont transformed bovine lymphocytes show the feature of permanent proliferation in vitro culture. In this study, we optimized a suitable culture medium for transformed cells to ensure a high yield of quality cells in suspension culture. As the basis for the optimized medium, we combined 75% Gibco (GB) and 25% RPMI-1640 medium. Glucose, lactic acid, ammonia, growth factors and several kinds of amino acids at specific concentrations play important roles in maintaining the maximum growth rate and the quality of cells. The metabolic flow of 17 amino acids, glucose and nutrients was determined with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and cell viability analysis. The genetic stability of the TaSP and TaSE genes at different passages of the cell line in suspension culture was determined using PCR amplification. The optimal concentrations or tolerated levels of glucose, lactic acid and ammonia were 10-14, 2-5.5 and 3.5-5.5 mmol/L, respectively. Our data demonstrated that the potential utility of the medium optimized here to yield high quality cells compared with basal (normally used) medium. The medium also facilitated the easy maintenance of transformed cells with high yields and excellent quality for in vitro studies. This study also provides insight into the processes of optimization and vaccine development.

3.
Acta Trop ; 202: 105245, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31676457

RESUMO

Tropical theileriosis is a tick-borne lymphoproliferative disease of cattle caused by the apicomplexan parasite Theileria annulata, and leads to substantial economic losses to the livestock industry worldwide. Although various enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) have been established to detect antibodies against T. annulata infection, a specific, rapid and reliable diagnostic assay is urgently needed for prevention and control of the disease. In the present study, a chemiluminescence immunoassay (CLIA) was developed based on the subtelomeric variable secreted protein (SVSP) of T. annulata as a sero-diagnostic antigen. Following optimization of the CLIA working parameters, the working time of the method was less than 4.5 h. The sensitivity and specificity of the established CLIA was 98.8% and 97.5%, respectively, when the cut-off value of the percent positive (PP) was 26.1% for detecting serum samples (n = 242 T. annulata positive sera, n = 158 T. annulata negative sera). After comparing 180 serum samples from Gansu province, China, the concordance rate between the CLIA and a published rSpm2 ELISA method was 72.8%. In addition, 565 serum samples of cattle collected between 2017 and 2018 from four provinces in China were detected by the CLIA, and the seroprevalence for T. annulata ranged from 53.3% to 67.3% in these regions. Our findings demonstrated that the CLIA has high specificity, sensitivity and reliability, and could be used as a rapid detection assay for epidemiological investigations of T. annulata infection.

4.
Eur J Radiol ; 121: 108738, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31756634

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the performance of machine learning (ML)-based computed tomography (CT) radiomics analysis for discriminating between low grade (WHO/ISUP I-II) and high grade (WHO/ISUP III-IV) clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCCs). METHODS: A total of 164 low grade and 107 high grade ccRCCs were retrospectively analyzed in this study. Radiomic features were extracted from corticomedullary phase (CMP) and nephrographic phase (NP) CT images. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated to quantify the feature's reproducibility. The training and validation cohort consisted of 163 and 108 cases. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression method was used for feature selection. The machine learning (ML) classifiers were k-NearestNeighbor (KNN), Logistic Regression (LR), multilayer perceptron (MLP), Random Forest (RF), and support vector machine (SVM). The performance of classifiers was mainly evaluated and compared by certain metrics. RESULTS: Seven CMP features (ICC range, 0.990-0.999) and seven NP features (ICC range, 0.931-0.999) were selected. The accuracy of CMP, NP and the combination of CMP and NP ranged from 82.2%-85.9 %, 82.8%-94.5 % and 86.5%-90.8 % in the training cohort, and 90.7%-95.4%, 77.8%-79.6 % and 91.7%-93.5 % in the validation cohort. The AUC of CMP, NP and the combination of CMP and NP ranged from 0.901 to 0.938, 0.912 to 0.976, 0.948 to 0.968 in the training cohort, and 0.957 to 0.974, 0.856 to 0.875, 0.960 to 0.978 in the validation cohort. CONCLUSIONS: ML-based CT radiomics analysis can be used to predict the WHO/ISUP grade of ccRCCs preoperatively.

5.
Nanoscale ; 11(45): 21909-21916, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31701976

RESUMO

Atomically thin hexagonal boron nitride nanosheets (BNNSs) have been widely explored for various applications due to their unique properties; however, sensing gas molecules with high sensitivity and selectivity remains challenging due to their inherently low chemical reactivity. Herein, we report a chemiresistor-type NO2 gas sensor based on chemically exfoliated sulfate-modified BNNSs (S-BNNSs) with high sensitivity, fast response, excellent selectivity and good reversibility. The response behaves linearly in a wide NO2 concentration range, giving a high sensitivity of 1.645 ppm-1. More intriguingly, the limit of detection (LOD) of this S-BNNS based sensor is experimentally found to be as low as 20 ppb, apparently much lower than the threshold exposure limit required by the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (200 ppb). Our theoretical calculations reveal that the sulfate groups spontaneously grafted to S-BNNSs can effectively alter their electronic structure and enhance the surface adsorption capability towards NO2. This is accompanied by a strong charge transfer induced by adsorbed NO2, consequently improving the sensing performance. This work extends the potential of functionalized S-BNNSs in a wide range of NO2 sensing and/or capturing applications, such as environmentally hazardous vehicle exhaust and combustion emission monitoring, just to name a few.

6.
J Nat Prod ; 82(11): 2963-2971, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710213

RESUMO

A new tetranorditerpenoid (1), two new labdane diterpenoids (2, 3), and nine known analogues (4-12) were isolated from the rhizomes of Amomum villosum var. xanthioides. Compound 1 is an unprecedented rearranged tetranorlabdane diterpenoid, featuring a 6/6/5 fused tricarbocyclic skeleton with an α,ß-unsaturated cyclopentenone unit, while 2 is a structurally rare labdane diterpenoid carrying a five-membered cyclic anhydride moiety. Their structures and absolute configurations were established on the basis of spectroscopic data and the experimental and calculated ECD data. Compound 4 showed inhibitory activity against nitric oxide production, with an IC50 value of 2.4 µM, and also inhibited α-glucosidase activity (IC50 = 10.0 µM).

7.
Neuroreport ; 30(18): 1294-1298, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31688422

RESUMO

As a basic organizing principle of the human brain, hemispheric specialization is an important perspective to explore the pathology of schizophrenia. However, it remains unclearly whether the hemispheric specialization of functional connectivity plays a role in mediating auditory verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia. In this study, 18 schizophrenic patients with auditory verbal hallucinations, 18 patients without auditory verbal hallucinations, and 18 matched healthy controls underwent resting-state functional MRI scans, and seed-based voxel-wise functional connectivity was calculated to quantify the degree of hemispheric specialization. The results revealed that both the auditory verbal hallucinations and non-auditory verbal hallucinations groups exhibited significantly increased specialization in the left middle temporal gyrus and left precuneus, and significantly reduced specialization in the right precuneus relative to healthy controls, and that the auditory verbal hallucinations severity was significantly correlated with the hemispheric specialization of the right precuneus in the auditory verbal hallucinations group. Moreover, the left frontal lobe exhibited reduced hemispheric specialization in the auditory verbal hallucinations group compared with non-auditory verbal hallucinations group, and the patients with and without auditory verbal hallucinations could be clustered into two groups with an accuracy of 80.6% based on the brain regions exhibiting significant specialization changes. The findings indicate that the hemispheric specialization of the aforementioned regions may play a role in mediating auditory verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia, and the distinct hemispheric specialization patterns of functional connectivity may provide a potential biomarker to differentiate schizophrenic patients with and without auditory verbal hallucinations.

8.
Biotechnol Lett ; 2019 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31760527

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study is to research how miR-34-SIRT1 is regulated during hypoxia in lung cancer cells. RESULTS: Analysis of publicly available datasets from patients with NSCLC did not reveal significant genomic alterations in RBM38, SIRT1, HIF1A, MIR34A, MIR34B, and MIR34C, but expectedly revealed alterations in TP53. Overall survival in NSCLC patients with or without alterations in these genes was not significantly different. When expanded to include all lung cancer patients, overall survival was significantly lower in patients with genomic alterations in these genes. CONCLUSIONS: Cumulatively, our results reveal a novel mechanism of RBM38-mediated regulation of the HIF1A/miR-34a/SIRT1/p53 axis under hypoxia in NSCLC cells.

9.
Parasit Vectors ; 12(1): 523, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bovine babesiosis is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Babesia and presents a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations. Disease severity depends on the type of Babesia species infection. Generally, B. bovis and B. bigemina are considered as the causative agents of bovine babesiosis; in addition, Babesia ovata and B. major are a group of benign bovine piroplasms. Therefore, species identification is important for diagnosis, epidemiological investigations and follow-up management. METHODS: Real-time PCR combined with high resolution melting (RT-PCR-HRM) analysis was used to detect and discriminate four Babesia species infective to cattle, including Babesia bovis, B. bigemina, B. major and B. ovata. The melting profiles and melting temperatures (Tm) of the amplicon targeting 18S rRNA revealed differences that can discriminate the four Babesia spp. Sensitivity and specificity of the analytical method were evaluated using 50 blood samples collected from experimentally infected cattle and 240 blood samples from areas where bovine babesiosis is an issue. RESULTS: RT-PCR-HRM analysis allowed to detect and discriminate four Babesia spp. (B. bovis, B. bigemina, B. major and B. ovata), which were responsible for bovine babesiosis in China. The protocol was validated with DNA samples from experimentally infected cattle and field infection in cattle. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that RT-PCR-HRM is a fast and robust tool for the simultaneous detection and discrimination of four Babesia species that are responsible for bovine babesiosis in China. This approach is applicable for both field and experimental samples, thus it could be useful in epidemiological investigations and diagnoses of bovine babesiosis.

10.
Nanoscale ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599276

RESUMO

Virus-like particles (VLPs) are an ideal substitute for traditionally inactivated or attenuated viruses in vaccine production. However, given the properties of their native proteins, the thermal stability of VLPs is poor. In this study, calcium mineralization was used to fabricate foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) VLPs as immunogenic core-shell particles with improved thermal stability. The biomineralized VLPs were stably stored at 24 °C and 37 °C for 13 and 11 days, respectively. Animal experiments showed that the biomineralized VLPs induced specific protective immunogenic effects, even after storage at 37 °C for 7 days. The biomineralized VLPs also effectively activated dendritic cells (DCs) to express high levels of surface MHC-II, costimulatory molecules, and proinflammatory cytokines. The DCs activated by the mineralized VLPs rapidly localized to the secondary lymphoid tissues and promoted the activation of the native T-cell population. These results suggest that the biomineralization of VLPs is an effective approach to vaccine production insofar as the mineralized shell provides an adjuvant effect which improves the immunogenicity of the VLPs. Biomineralization can also confer superior heat resistance on VLPs, an advantage in vaccine production. The successful development of thermally stable, biomineralized VLPs will reduce our dependence on cold storage and delivery.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566116

RESUMO

DNA groove binders have been poorly studied as compared to the intercalators. A novel Ru(II) complex of [Ru(aeip)2(Haip)](PF6)2 {Haip = 2-(9-anthryl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-f][1,10]phenanthroline and aeip = 2-(anthracen-9-yl)-1-ethyl-imidazo[4,5-f][1, 10]phenanthroline} is synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, 1H NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. The complex is evidenced to be a calf-thymus DNA groove binder with a large intrinsic binding constant of 106 M-1 order of magnitude as supported by UV-visible absorption spectral titrations, salt effects, DNA competitive binding with ethidium bromide, DNA melting experiment, DNA viscosity measurements and density functional theory calculations. The acid-base properties of the complex studied by UV-Vis spectrophotometric titrations are reported as well.

13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(15): 3151-3156, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602866

RESUMO

"Qi medicinal herbs" in China refers to a kind of regional national folk herbs related to the treatment of five labors and seven injuries,the last word of which is "Qi". Our study is to sort out and standardize the name and basic confused varieties through the establishment of " Qi medicinal herbs" VFP information database. " Qi medicinal herbs" variety sorting model of " literature research-variety survey-data mining-spatial distribution" was developed by means of literature analysis which the names and varieties of " Qi medicinal herbs" in the literature were summarized and sorted out. The relationship between the distribution of " Qi medicinal herbs" resources and the use of ethnic groups were visualized by Cytoscape 2. 8. 0 software. The information database of " Qi medicinal herbs" involved in 230 kinds of medicinal materials which including 211 species of plants( including varieties) from 66 families. Medicinal materials standard in China have 9 kinds of " Qi medicinal herbs". Among them,there are 31 kinds of " Qi medicinal herbs" with the confusion of " the different names of the same" and " the different substance of the same names". The most used ethnic groups are Tujia,Qiang and Miao. The main efficacy is clearing heat and detoxification,dispelling wind and removing dampness,etc.,and the main treatment is for injury,rheumatic arthralgia and so on. Names and varieties of " Qi medicinal herbs" among Chinese ethnic groups and folk are standardized and sorted out,which is served to promotethe " Qi medicinal herbs" reasonable protection and utilization of resources,and provide effective reference for exploring the information technology and geographical distribution of ethnic medicine and standardizing clinical medication.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Plantas Medicinais/classificação , China , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Qi , Terminologia como Assunto
14.
Int J Oncol ; 55(4): 949-959, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31485602

RESUMO

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most common type of oral cancer. Despite advances in surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, the overall 5­year survival rate of patients with OSCC has not significantly improved. In addition, the prognosis of patients with advanced­stage OSCC remains poor. Therefore, it is necessary to develop novel therapeutic modalities. Vincristine (VCR), a naturally occurring vinca alkaloid, is a classical microtubule­destabilizing agent and is widely used in the treatment of a number of cancers. Despite the proven antitumor benefits of VCR treatment, one of the major reasons for the failure of treatment is drug resistance. Changes in the tumor microenvironment are responsible for cross­talk between cells, which may facilitate drug resistance in cancers; secreted proteins may promote communication between cancer cells to induce the development of resistance. To identify the secreted proteins involved in VCR resistance, conditioned media was obtained, and an antibody array was conducted to screen a comprehensive secretion profile between VCR­resistant (SAS­VCR) and parental (SAS) OSCC cell lines. The results showed that amphiregulin (AREG) was highly expressed and secreted in SAS­VCR cells. Pretreatment with exogenous recombinant AREG markedly increased drug resistance against VCR in OSCC cells, as assessed by an MTT assay. Colony formation, MTT and western blot assays were performed to investigate the effects of AREG knockdown on VCR sensitivity. The results indicated that AREG expression can regulate VCR resistance in OSCC cells; overexpression of AREG increased VCR resistance in parental cells, whereas AREG knockdown decreased the VCR resistance of resistant cells. In addition, it was also demonstrated that the glycogen synthase kinase­3ß pathway may be involved in AREG­induced VCR resistance. These findings may provide rationale to combine VCR with blockade of AREG­related pathways for the effective treatment of OSCC.

15.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 104: 109902, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500033

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study sought to promote the adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells by constructing a neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) sustained-release system cross-linked with an acellular spinal cord scaffold. METHODS: 1-Ethyl-3-[3-dimethylaminopropyl] carbodiimide hydrochloride (EDC) chemistry combined with chemical extraction was used to construct an acellular spinal cord scaffold. The decellularization completion was validated. An EDC cross-linking method was used to construct the NT-3 cross-linked acellular spinal scaffold. ELISA was used to verify sustained release of NT-3; the dorsal root ganglion method was used to verify the biological activity of the sustained-release NT-3. DAPI staining was used to confirm the adhesion of the cultured rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (P3) to the NT-3 scaffold, and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) analysis was used to verify the cellular proliferation after 24 h and 48 h of culture. Immunohistochemistry was used to confirm the differentiation of the bone marrow cells into neuron-like cells. RESULTS: An NT-3 sustained-release system cross-linked to an acellular spinal cord scaffold was successfully constructed. Sustained-release NT-3 could persist for 35 days and had biological activity for at least 21 days. It could promote the adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. CONCLUSION: As a composite scaffold, an NT-3 sustained-release system cross-linked with an acellular spinal cord scaffold has potential applications for tissue engineering.

16.
J Clin Pharm Ther ; 44(6): 875-882, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31529525

RESUMO

WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES: The etoposide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, vincristine sulphate, cyclophosphamide and prednisone (EPOCH) chemotherapy regimen is effective in patients with relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. However, vincristine and doxorubicin hydrochloride are relatively toxic, leading to neurovirulence and cardiotoxicity, respectively. In this study, we replaced these drugs with vindesine and epirubicin hydrochloride to reduce the cardiotoxicity and evaluated admixtures containing these drugs along with etoposide in a single infusion bag in vitro. METHODS: The appearance and pH of the admixtures were evaluated, and the number of particles was detected. High-performance liquid chromatography was used to measure the concentration and degradation rates of etoposide, epirubicin hydrochloride and vindesine sulphate in each admixture. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: No precipitation occurred when mixing clinically relevant concentrations of etoposide, epirubicin hydrochloride and vindesine sulphate in a 0.9% NaCl injection solution. Furthermore, the delta pH of the admixtures was ≤0.12 throughout the experiment, and the number of particles (≥10 and ≥25 µm) in the solutions over the 24 hours post-preparation period met USP standards. Etoposide, epirubicin hydrochloride and vindesine sulphate were retained at >96% of their initial concentrations in the admixtures at 25°C over the course of the experiment. Etoposide, epirubicin hydrochloride and vindesine sulphate are compatible when mixed in a 0.9% NaCl injection solution, and the admixtures are stable for at least 24 hours when stored in infusion bags. WHAT IS NEW AND CONCLUSION: This in vitro analysis indicates the suitability of our novel admixtures containing less toxic drug equivalents in a single infusion bag for clinical application.

17.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 39(9): 940-4, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544381

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the therapeutic effect of acupuncture for spastic cerebral palsy in infancy stage. METHODS: A total of 62 children with spastic cerebral palsy were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 31 cases in each one. Both groups were given comprehensive rehabilitation therapy (sport therapy, electronic biofeedback therapy, speech cognitive training, massage therapy). On the basis of comprehensive rehabilitation therapy, the acupuncture group was treated with acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Sishencong (EX-HN1), motor area, Jiaji (EX-B 2), Weizhong (BL 40), Xuanzhong (GB 39), Zusanli (ST 36) and Hegu (LI 4), etc, the needles were retained for 15-20 min each time, once a day, 5 days a week, 45 days as a course with 10 days interval, a total of 3 courses were required. The Gesell development scale adaptive DQ scores, gross motor function measure (GMFM88) and muscular tension of adductor and gastrocnemius muscle were compared before and after treatment in the two groups. RESULTS: The Gesell development scale adaptive DQ score after treatment in the observation group was increased (P<0.05), there was no significant difference before and after treatment in the control group (P>0.05), the change of the observation group was larger than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the GMFM88 scores in the two groups were significantly increased (P<0.05), the change of the observation group was larger than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the muscular tension of the adductor in the two groups were decreased (P<0.05), the change of the observation group was larger than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the muscle tension of the gastrocnemius muscle in the two groups were decreased (P<0.05), there was no significant difference between the two groups in the variation range (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture combined with comprehensive rehabilitation therapy can improve cognitive function, spasticity and motor function of children with spastic cerebral palsy.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Paralisia Cerebral , Pontos de Acupuntura , Paralisia Cerebral/terapia , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Espasticidade Muscular , Agulhas
18.
Langmuir ; 35(39): 12620-12629, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500421

RESUMO

The electropolymerized films of poly(L)n on an indium-tin oxide (ITO) electrode was prepared by anodic electrooxidation of a dichloromethane solution of a triphenylamine-carrying organic molecule L and were characterized/studied by ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and photoelectrochemical measurements. Poly(L)n films were found to show surface-controlled TPA•+1/0 associated quasi-reversible redox and exceptionally high photocurrent generation properties. At a zero external bias potential and under 100 mW/cm2 white light irradiation, a photoelectrochemical device composed of a poly(L)1-modified ITO as the working electode, a platinum disk counter electrode, and saturated calomel electrode reference electrode in a 0.1 M Na2SO4 aqueous solution exhibited a significant cathode photocurrent density of 2.2 µA/cm2, which could be switched to be anodic and outperform most previously reported molecule-based modified ITO electrodes under similar experimental conditions. The results indicate that poly(L)n films offer a number of future perspectives ranging from organic photovoltaic to photoelectrochemical catalysis and sensing.

19.
Eur Radiol ; 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372781

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To establish and validate a radiomics nomogram for prediction of induction chemotherapy (IC) response and survival in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. METHODS: One hundred twenty-three NPC patients (100 in training and 23 in validation cohort) with multi-MR images were enrolled. A radiomics nomogram was established by integrating the clinical data and radiomics signature generated by support vector machine. RESULTS: The radiomics signature consisting of 19 selected features from the joint T1-weighted (T1-WI), T2-weighted (T2-WI), and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted MRI images (T1-C) showed good prognostic performance in terms of evaluating IC response in two cohorts. The radiomics nomogram established by integrating the radiomics signature with clinical data outperformed clinical nomogram alone (C-index in validation cohort, 0.863 vs 0.549; p < 0.01). Decision curve analysis demonstrated the clinical utility of the radiomics nomogram. Survival analysis showed that IC responders had significant better PFS (progression-free survival) than non-responders (3-year PFS 84.81% vs 39.75%, p < 0.001). Low-risk groups defined by radiomics signature had significant better PFS than high-risk groups (3-year PFS 76.24% vs 48.04%, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Multiparametric MRI-based radiomics could be helpful for personalized risk stratification and treatment in NPC patients receiving IC. KEY POINTS: • MRI Radiomics can predict IC response and survival in non-endemic NPC. • Radiomics signature in combination with clinical data showed excellent predictive performance. • Radiomics signature could separate patients into two groups with different prognosis.

20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(16)2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430870

RESUMO

Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) have shown adverse health impact on the human male reproductive system, with evidence of inducing apoptosis. However, whether or not ZnO NPs could promote autophagy, and the possible role of autophagy in the progress of apoptosis, remain unclear. In the current study, in vitro and in vivo toxicological responses of ZnO NPs were explored by using a mouse model and mouse Leydig cell line. It was found that intragastrical exposure of ZnO NPs to mice for 28 days at the concentrations of 100, 200, and 400 mg/kg/day disrupted the seminiferous epithelium of the testis and decreased the sperm density in the epididymis. Furthermore, serum testosterone levels were markedly reduced. The induction of apoptosis and autophagy in the testis tissues was disclosed by up-regulating the protein levels of cleaved Caspase-8, cleaved Caspase-3, Bax, LC3-II, Atg 5, and Beclin 1, accompanied by down-regulation of Bcl 2. In vitro tests showed that ZnO NPs could induce apoptosis and autophagy with the generation of oxidative stress. Specific inhibition of autophagy pathway significantly decreased the cell viability and up-regulated the apoptosis level in mouse Leydig TM3 cells. In summary, ZnO NPs can induce apoptosis and autophagy via oxidative stress, and autophagy might play a protective role in ZnO NPs-induced apoptosis of mouse Leydig cells.

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